List of assault rifles

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An assault rifle is a rifle that uses an intermediate cartridge, a detachable magazine, and can switch between semi-automatic/fully automatic fire. Assault rifles are currently the standard service rifles in most modern armies.

By strict definition, a firearm must have the following characteristics to be considered an assault rifle:[1][page needed][2][page needed][3][page needed]

Rifles that meet most of these criteria, but not all, are technically not assault rifles, despite frequently being called such.

For example:

  • Select-fire M2 carbines and Amogh carbines aren't assault rifles; their effective range is only 200 yards.[5]
  • Select-fire rifles such as the FN FAL battle rifle aren't assault rifles; they fire full-powered rifle cartridges.
  • Semi-automatic-only rifles like the Colt AR-15 aren't assault rifles; they do not have select-fire capabilities. In contrast, the original ArmaLite AR-15 would meet the criteria.
  • Semi-automatic-only rifles with fixed magazines like the SKS aren't assault rifles; they do not have detachable box magazines and are not capable of automatic fire.

Several of the rifles on the below list have non-Assault Rifle variants. Because they lack the selective fire capability as they only fire semi-automatic even though it fulfils the other requirements of the definition above.

Name Manufacturer Image Cartridge Manufacturing country Years
AB-3 Kalashnikov Concern 5.6mm Caseless  Soviet Union 1970
Adaptive Combat Rifle Remington Arms
Bushmaster
Impulse buy (12721727313).jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
6.8mm Remington SPC
 United States 2006
ADS amphibious rifle KBP Instrument Design Bureau 5.45mm ADS rifle - InnovationDay2013part1-44.jpg 5.45×39mm
5.45mm PSP
 Russia 2007
AEK-971 Degtyarev plant AEK-97110-copy.jpg 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union 1978
AG-043 AG-043 assault rifle.jpg 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union 1974
AO-63 assault rifle TsNIITochMash 5.45x39mm  Soviet Union 1984
Ak 5 Bofors Carl Gustaf Ak 5 cross section 001.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Sweden 1982
AK-9 Kalashnikov Concern AK-9 Assault rifle.jpg 9×39mm  Russia 2000s
AK-12 Kalashnikov Concern 5,45mm AK-12 6P70 assault rifle at Military-technical forum ARMY-2016 01.jpg 5.45×39mm
5.56×45mm NATO
7.62×39mm
9×39mm
6.5mm Grendel
 Russia 2010
AK-47 Kalashnikov Concern AK-47 assault rifle.jpg 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union 1946
AK-63 Fegyver- és Gépgyár AMMSz.jpg 7.62×39mm  Hungary 1977
AK-74 Kalashnikov Concern Ak74l.jpg 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union 1974
AK-101 Kalashnikov Concern АК-101.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Russia 1994
AK-103 Kalashnikov Concern AK-103 Assault Rifle.JPG 7.62×39mm  Russia 1994
MPT-55 MKEK, Sarsılmaz Arms and Kalekalıp 5.56×45mm NATO  Turkey 2017
AK-107 Kalashnikov Concern AK-107 with grenade launcher.jpg 5.45×39mm / 5.56×45mm NATO  Russia 1990s
AKM Izhmash
Tula Arms Plant
AKM automatkarbin, Ryssland - 7,62x39mm - Armémuseum.jpg 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union 1950s
AMD-65 Fegyver- és Gépgyár AMMSz.jpg 7.62×39mm  Hungary 1965
AMP-69 Fegyver- és Gépgyár AMP-69 Right Side.jpg 7.62×39mm  Hungary 1970-1985
AN-94 Izhmash AN-94 assault rifle at Engineering Technologies 2012.jpg 5.45×39mm  Russia 1994
AO-27 rifle 7.62 mm (3 mm flechette)  Soviet Union 1961
AO-31 5.45×39mm
7.62×39mm
 Soviet Union 1962
AO-35 assault rifle 5.45×39mm
7.62×39mm
 Soviet Union 1968?
AO-38 assault rifle TsNIITochMash 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union 1965
APS-95 Končar-Arma d.o.o Aps95.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Croatia 1995
APS underwater rifle Tula Arms Plant
TsNIITochMash
APS underwater rifle REMOV.jpg 5.66×39mm  Soviet Union 1970s
AS Val TsNIITochMash AS Val (541-03).jpg 9×39mm  Soviet Union 1987
ASM-DT amphibious rifle Tula Arms Plant ASM-DT podw.svg 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union 1990s
Barrett REC7 Barrett Firearms Manufacturing Barrett REC7 (edited).png 5.56×45mm NATO
6.8mm Remington SPC
 United States 2007
Beretta AR70/90 Fabbrica d'Armi Pietro Beretta Scheda2c.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO  Italy 1985
Beretta ARX160 Fabbrica d'Armi Pietro Beretta Interpolitex 2013 (536-10).jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
5.45×39mm
6.8mm Remington SPC
7.62×39mm
 Italy 2008
Beretta Rx4 Storm Fabbrica d'Armi Pietro Beretta 5.56×45mm NATO
.223 Remington
 Italy 2005
BSA 28P Birmingham Small Arms Company .280 British  United Kingdom 1949
BR18 ST Kinetics STK BMCR.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
6.8mm Remington SPC
7.62×39mm
 Singapore 2012
Chropi rifle Chropei 7.62×39mm  Greece 1975
CEAM Modèle 1950 Atelier Mécanique de Mulhouse AME1.jpg .30 Carbine
7.92×33mm Kurz
7.65×35mm
7.5×38mm
 France 1949
CETME Model L Empresa Nacional Santa Bárbara CETMEL.lateral.der.png 5.56×45mm NATO  Spain 1981
Close Quarters Battle Receiver Colt's Manufacturing Company M4A1-CQBR.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 1999
Colt ACR Colt's Manufacturing Company Colt ACR.jpg 5.56×45mm M855 or Duplex  United States 1982
C7 rifle Colt Canada C7A1 with IronSights.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO  Canada 1982
Colt CM901 Colt Defense Colt CM901 7.62.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO
6.8mm Remington SPC
7.62×39mm
 United States 2010s
Conventional Multirole Combat Rifle ST Kinetics STK CMCR (12587721523).jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Singapore 2014
CZ 805 BREN Česká zbrojovka Uherský Brod CZ 805 with STANAG magazine.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO  Czech Republic 2009
ČZ 2000 Česká zbrojovka Uherský Brod Cz2000-variants.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Czechoslovakia 1990
Daewoo K2 S&T Motiv Daewoo K2 rifle 1.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  South Korea 1972
Desarrollos Industriales Casanave SC-2005 Desarrollos Industriales Casanave S.A 5.56×45mm NATO
7.62×39mm
 Peru 2005
Dlugov assault rifle 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union 1953
EM-2 rifle Royal Small Arms Factory
Enfield
Enfield bullpup prototype.jpg 7 mm Mk1Z (7×43mm)  United Kingdom 1948
Excalibur rifle Armament Research and Development Establishment Amogh & Excalibur.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  India 2013–14
EMER K1 Myanmar Fritz Werner Industries 5.56×45mm NATO  Burma 1990s
FAMAS Nexter FAMAS F1 with bayonet.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  France 1967
FARA 83 Fabrica Militar de Armas Portatiles Domingo Matheu FARA 83.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO  Argentina 1981
FB Beryl Łucznik Arms Factory Rifle wz.1996 Beryl.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Poland 1995
FB MSBS FB "Łucznik" Radom Msbskandmsbsb.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO

7.62×39mm

 Poland 2016
FB Tantal Łucznik Arms Factory Tantal REMOV.jpg 5.45×39mm  Poland 1981
CAL Fabrique Nationale d'Herstal FN CAL close1.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO  Belgium 1963
F2000 Fabrique Nationale d'Herstal FN F2000S.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO  Belgium 1995
FNC Fabrique Nationale d'Herstal FNC IMG 1527.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Belgium 1975
SCAR FN Herstal FN SCAR-L - FN SCAR-H.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Belgium 2004
FX-05 Xiuhcoatl Dirección General de Industria Militar del Ejército Exposición Centenario del Ejército Mexicano 02.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Mexico 2005
Galil Córdova Indumil- Colombian Military Industry
Galil Córdova
5.56×45mm NATO
 Colombia 2015
Grad AR State Factories-North Ossetia 6×49mm
5.45×39mm
 South Ossetia 2010
Grossfuss Sturmgewehr Grossfuss Sturmgewehr.jpg 7.92×33mm Kurz  Germany 1944
G11 Heckler & Koch Gewehr G11 sk.jpg 4.73 x33mm  West Germany 1968
G36 Heckler & Koch Gewehr G36 noBG.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Germany 1990
G41 Heckler & Koch 5.56×45mm NATO  West Germany 1984
HK33 Heckler & Koch HK33A2 Flickr (yet another finn).jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  West Germany 1960s
HK36 Heckler & Koch 4.6×36 mm  West Germany 1970s
HK416 (M27 Infantry Automatic Rifle) Heckler & Koch HK416.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Germany 2004
HK433 Heckler & Koch HK 433 Kontur noBg.png 5.56×45mm NATO, others  Germany 2017
Type 20 Howa 20式5.56mm小銃 (試験用小銃).png 5.56×45mm NATO  Japan 2020
Type 89 Howa Type 89 Assault Rifle JGSDF.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Japan 1989
VHS HS Produkt VHS-D assault rifle REMOV.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Croatia 2005
MD IMBEL Imbel md2.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Brazil 1983
IA2 IMBEL Ia2 ctt.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
 Brazil 2009
Galil Israel Military Industries Imfdb galil.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
 Israel 1972
Tavor Israel Weapon Industries IWI-Tavor-TAR-21w1.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Israel 1995
X95 Israel Weapon Industries MicroTavorX95MARS.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
5.45×39mm
.300 AAC Blackoutm
5.56×30mm MINSAS
 Israel 2003
Ingram FBM Fabrica Boliviana de Municiones 5.56×45mm NATO  Bolivia 1990s
INSAS rifle[6] Ordnance Factories Board INSAS Black.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO  India 1998
Interdynamics MKS Interdynamics 5.56×45mm NATO  Sweden 1979
Itajuba OVM Fabrica de Itajuba 5.56×45mm NATO  Brazil 1981
IWI ACE Israel Weapons Industries ACE32.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO
7.62×39mm
 Israel 2008
KH-2002 Khaybar DIO KH-2002.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Iran 2003
Kbkg wz. 1960 Karabinek-granatnik wz.1960.jpg 7.62×39mm  Poland 1960
Komodo Armament D5 Komodo Armament 5.56×45mm NATO  Indonesia 2014(?)
Komodo Armament D7 Komodo Armament 7.62×51mm NATO  Indonesia 2014(?)
L64/65 RSAF Enfield 4.85×49mm  United Kingdom 1972
L85 BAE Systems SA80 A2 (L85A2) 5.56mm Rifle MOD 45162138.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  United Kingdom 1970s
Leader Dynamics Series T2 MK5 Leader Dynamics
Australian Automatic Arms
Leader t2 rifle.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO  Australia 1978
LR-300 Z-M Weapons LR 300.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 2000
LSAT rifle (To be announced) LSAT caseless ammunition  United States 2008
M-16/ M-4 Colt Defense M16a1m16a2m4m16a45wi.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 1959
Multi Caliber Individual Weapon System Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli DRDO MC Rifle.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
7.62×39mm
6.8mm Remington SPC
 India 2012
Nesterov assault rifle 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union 1961
Norinco CQ Norinco NORINCO Type CQ 5'56x45mm assault rifle.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  China 1980s
OTs-12 Tiss KBP Instrument Design Bureau Автомат Тисс.jpg 9×39mm  Russia 1990s
OTs-14 Groza TsKIB SOO OTS-14 Groza.jpg 9x39mm
7.62x39mm
 Russia 1994
Pindad SS1 PT Pindad SS1-V1.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Indonesia 1991
Pindad SS2 PT Pindad SS2-V1 ID2008.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Indonesia 2005
Pistol Mitralieră model 1963/1965 ROMARM PMmd.1963.jpg 7.62×39mm  Romania 1963–1965
Pușcă Automată model 1986 ROMARM PA md.86 with AG-40 grenade launcher.jpg 5.45×39mm  Romania 1986
PVAR rifle United Defense Manufacturing Corporation 5.56×45mm NATO  Philippines 2011
QBZ-95 / QBZ-97 Norinco Rifle Type 95.jpg 5.8×42mm DBP87 / 5.56×45mm NATO  China 1995
QBZ-03 Norinco QBZ03 automatic rifle 20170902.jpg 5.8×42mm DBP87
5.56×45mm NATO
 China 2003
Remington R4 Remington Arms Remington R4 Rifle.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 2010
Remington R5 RGP Remington Arms Remington GPC.png 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 2010
Rk 62 Valmet
SAKO
RK 62 76.jpg 7.62×39mm  Finland 1962
Rk 95 TP SAKO 7,62 RK 95 TP Lippujuhlan päivä 2014 1.JPG 7.62×39mm  Finland 1990
Robinson Armament XCR Robinson Armament Co Robinson Arms XCR O313.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
5.45×39mm
7.62×39mm
6.8mm Remington SPC
6.5mm GrendelO
.260 Remington
 United States 2004
S&T Daewoo K11 S&T Motiv Rifle xk11.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  South Korea 2000
Sa vz. 58 small arms or in usa czech point Sa 58-JH01.jpg 7.62×39mm M43  Czechoslovakia 1956
SAR 80 Chartered Industries of Singapore (now known as ST Kinetics) SAR 80 rifle.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO  Singapore 1976
SAR-21 ST Kinetics SAR 21 (cropped).png 5.56×45mm NATO  Singapore 1996
SIG MCX SIG Sauer SIG-MCX-Rifle.jpeg 5.56×45mm NATO
300 AAC Blackout
  Switzerland 2010s
SIG Sauer SIG516 Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft SIG SG 516 14.5″.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
.223 Remington
7.62×39mm
 United States 2000s
SIG SG 530 Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft 5.56×45mm NATO   Switzerland 1960s
SIG SG 540 Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft SG 540 Manurhin.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO   Switzerland 1970s
SIG SG 550 Swiss Arms AG Stgw 90.jpg 5.6 mm Gw Pat 90   Switzerland 1970s
SOCIMI AR-831 Società Costruzioni Industriali Milano
Luigi Franchi S.p.A.
5.56×45mm NATO  Italy 1985
Special Operations Assault Rifle Ferfrans Specialties FERFRANS SOAR UTK PDRM.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Philippines 2004
SR-3 Vikhr Tula Arms Plant Oboronexpo2014part4-26.jpg 9×39mm  Soviet Union 1990s
SR-47 Evers SR-47.PNG 7.62×39mm  United States
SR 88 Chartered Industries of Singapore (now known as ST Kinetics) 5.56×45mm NATO  Singapore 1978
Sterling SAR-87 Sterling Armaments Company 5.56×45mm NATO  United Kingdom 1980s
Steyr AUG Steyr Mannlicher AUG A1 508mm 04.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
m
 Austria 1977
Steyr ACR Steyr Mannlicher Steyr-Mannlicher ACR Rifle.jpg 5.56×45mm annular-primed SCF  Austria 1987
Stoner 63 Cadillac Gage Stoner 63.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 1962
StG 44 C. G. Haenel Waffen und Fahrradfabrik Sturmgewehr44 noBG.jpg 7.92×33mm Kurz  Germany 1942
StG 45(M) Mauser Sturmgewehr 45 reproduction.png 7.92×33mm Kurz  Germany 1944
T65 assault rifle 205th Armory TwT65.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO  Republic of China 1976
T86 assault rifle 205th Armory Type 86 carbine.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Republic of China 1992
T91 assault rifle 205th Armory T91 Assault Rifle.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Republic of China 2002
TKB-072 Tula Arms Plant 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union 1975
TKB-517 Tula Arms Plant KorobowTKB-517.svg 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union 1952
Trichy Assault Rifle Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli Trichy.jpg 7.62×39mm  India 2011
Type 56 assault rifle Norinco Norinco type 56.jpg 7.62×39mm M43  China 1956
Type 58 assault rifle North korea T58 ATF.jpg 7.62×39mm  North Korea 1958
Type 63 assault rifle Rifle Type 63.jpg 7.62×39mm  China 1959
Type 81 assault rifle Type-81rifle.JPG 7.62×39mm  China 1971
Type 88 assault rifle 7.62x39mm  North Korea
Norinco Type 86S Norinco China 86S.jpg 7.62×39mm  China 1980s
VAHAN (firearm) Vahan2.JPG 5.45×39mm  Armenian SSR
(now  Armenia)
1952
Valmet M76 Valmet RK 62 76.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
7.62×39mm
 Finland 1970s
Valmet M82 Valmet 5.56×45mm NATO
7.62×39mm
 Finland 1978
VB Berapi LP06 Vita Berapi 5.56×45mm NATO  Malaysia 2006
Vektor CR-21 Denel CR21.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  South Africa 1997
Vektor R4 Denel Land Systems VektorR4.png 5.56×45mm NATO  South Africa 1970s
Vepr National Space Agency's
R&D Center for precision engineering
VEPR4.png 5.45×39mm  Ukraine 2001
Wieger StG-940 Wieger 941.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
5.45×39mm
 East Germany 1980s
Wimmersperg Spz 7.92×33mm Kurz  Germany 1944
XM8 rifle Heckler & Koch Xm8 sideview.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Germany /  United States 2003
XT-97 Assault Rifle 205th Armory Xt97rifle.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
 Republic of China 2008
Zastava M21 Zastava Arms M21A.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Serbia 2004
Zastava M70 Zastava Arms M70AB2.jpg 7.62×39mm  Yugoslavia 1959
Zastava M80 Zastava Arms 5.56×45mm NATO  Yugoslavia
Early 1980
Zastava M90 Zastava Arms 5.56×45mm NATO  Serbia 1990

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Taylor, C. The Fighting Rifle: A Complete Study of the Rifle in Combat. ISBN 0-87947-308-8.
  2. ^ Moyer, F.A. Special Forces Foreign Weapons Handbook. ISBN 0-87364-009-8.
  3. ^ Scroggie, R.J.; Moyer, Frank A. Special Forces Combat Firing Techniques. ISBN 0-87364-010-1.
  4. ^ Assault rifle at the Encyclopædia Britannica
  5. ^ Jane's Gun Recognition Guide. Ian Hogg & Terry Gander. HarperCollins Publishers. 2005. page 330
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-07-15. Retrieved 2010-05-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)