List of astronauts by first flight

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This is a list of astronauts by first flight, in chronological order, according to the international definition of an astronaut; the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale criterion of achieving an altitude higher than 100 km (62 mi; 330,000 ft), thereby crossing the Kármán line. Personnel who qualify only for the United States Astronaut Badge, awarded to those who achieve an altitude of 50 mi (80 km; 260,000 ft), are listed at the X-15's highest flights and the VSS Unity test flights.

Astronauts[edit]

Table parameters[edit]

Legend
In the 'Name' column, denotes astronauts who have flown to the Moon without landing.
In the 'Name' column, denotes astronauts who have walked on the Moon.
△▲ In the 'Name' column, denotes astronauts who have walked on the Moon and who have also flown to the Moon without landing.
After the name, denotes those who died during their first spaceflight.[nb 1]
After the name, denotes those who died during a subsequent spaceflight.[nb 1]
Strikethrough Denotes those whose first spaceflight had begun and was clearly intended[nb 2] to cross the Kármán line, but failed to do so.
Linked country In the 'Nationality' column, denotes the first from that country to pass the Kármán line.

Table[edit]

Yuri Gagarin, the first person in space and in orbit.
Alan Shepard, the first American and the second person in space.
Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman and 12th person in space.
Alexei Leonov, joint 17th in space and first to perform an EVA.
John Young, 19th person in space, first to fly solo around the Moon and first to command a Space Shuttle.
Vladimir Komarov, joint 14th person and first to die during spaceflight (during Soyuz 1).
Vladimir Komarov, joint 14th person and first to die during spaceflight (during Soyuz 1).
Neil Armstrong, 26th person in space and first to set foot on the Moon.
Harrison Schmitt, joint 59th person in space. The most recent person and first geologist to have arrived on the Moon.
Vladimír Remek, 88th person in space and the first from a country other than the US or the Soviet Union.
Sigmund Jähn, 91st person in space and the first German.
Phạm Tuân, 97th person in space, and the first from an Asian country (Vietnam).
Story Musgrave, joint 116th person in space and the only person to have flown on all five NASA Space Shuttles.
Sally Ride, joint 120th person and the first American woman in space.
Guion Bluford, joint 125th person and the first African American in space.
Bruce McCandless, joint 133rd person in space and the first to perform an untethered EVA.
Rakesh Sharma, 139th person and the first Indian in space.
Anna Lee Fisher, joint 155th person and the first mother in space.
Sultan bin Salman Al Saud, joint 170th person, first royal, and first Saudi Arabian in space.
Rodolfo Neri Vela, joint 192nd and first Mexican in space.
Muhammed Faris, joint 202nd and first Syrian in space.
Anatoly Solovyev, joint 206th person in space and the person to have the most time in EVA, as of 2014.
Sergei Krikalev, 210th person and the person to have spent the most total time in space, as of 2014.
William Shepherd, joint 211th person in space and the first commander of the ISS.
Toyohiro Akiyama, joint 239th person and the first journalist and the first Japanese in space on the first commercially organized spaceflight.
Helen Sharman, joint 249th and first British astronaut.
Dirk Frimout, joint 268th and first Belgian to go into space.
Franco Malerba, joint 277th and first Italian to go into space.
Claude Nicollier, joint 277th and first Swiss to go into space.
Mae Jemison, joint 280th person and first African American woman to go into space.
Susan Helms, joint 286th person in space and first woman to serve on board the ISS.
Yuri Malenchenko, joint 309th person in space and first to marry in space.
Chiaki Mukai, joint 311th person and first Japanese woman in space.
Yelena Kondakova, 318th person in space and first woman to make a long-duration spaceflight.
Eileen Collins, the 322nd person in space, first female commander and first female pilot of a Space Shuttle.
Koichi Wakata, joint 339th person in space and first Japanese commander of the ISS.
Kalpana Chawla, joint 366th person, first Indian American astronaut and first Indian woman in space.
Pedro Duque, 384th person in space and first Spanish national.
Ivan Bella, 386th person and first Slovak in space.
Scott Kelly, 391st person and first of the first two identical twin brothers to go into space.
Dennis Tito, the 404th person in space and the first space tourist.
Mark Kelly, the 409th person in space, and the second of the first two identical twin brothers to go into space.
Mark Shuttleworth, 416th person in space and the first from an independent African country (South Africa).
Yang Liwei, the 432nd person in space and the first of the Chinese space program.
Mike Melvill, the 435th person in space and the first commercial astronaut of a privately flown and funded spaceflight.
Anousheh Ansari, the 449th person in space, first female space tourist and the first Iranian in space.
Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, joint 464th person and the first person from Malaysia to go into space.
Yi So-yeon, joint 475th person and the first Korean in space.
Richard Garriott, 486th person in space and first second-generation American to go into space.
Guy Laliberté, joint 506th person in space and the first Canadian space tourist.
Robert Satcher, joint 508th person and the first orthopedic surgeon in space.
Luca Parmitano, 532nd person in space and first Italian to be commander of an ISS expedition. He has been the youngest astronaut to undertake a long-duration mission. He is the first astronaut from Sicily.
Samantha Cristoforetti, 541st person in space, who has performed the longest single spaceflight by a woman, as of 2015.
Andreas Mogensen, joint 544th person and the first Dane in space.
Hazza Al Mansouri, joint 564th person and the first in space from the UAE.
Number Name Nationality Date Mission Ref.
1 Yuri Gagarin  Soviet Union 12 April 1961 Vostok 1 [1][2]
2 Alan Shepard  United States 5 May 1961 Freedom 7 [3][4][nb 3]
3 Virgil Grissom  United States 21 July 1961 Liberty Bell 7 [5][6][nb 3]
4 Gherman Titov  Soviet Union 6 August 1961 Vostok 2 [7]
5 John Glenn  United States 20 February 1962 Friendship 7 [8][9]
6 Scott Carpenter  United States 24 May 1962 Aurora 7 [10]
7 Andriyan Nikolayev  Soviet Union 11 August 1962 Vostok 3 [11][12]
8 Pavel Popovich  Soviet Union 12 August 1962 Vostok 4 [11][13]
9 Walter Schirra  United States 3 October 1962 Sigma 7 [14]
10 Gordon Cooper  United States 15 May 1963 Faith 7 [15]
11 Valery Bykovsky  Soviet Union 14 June 1963 Vostok 5 [16]
12 Valentina Tereshkova  Soviet Union 16 June 1963 Vostok 6 [17]
13 Joseph Walker  United States 19 July 1963 X-15 Flight 90 [18][nb 3]
14 Konstantin Feoktistov  Soviet Union 12 October 1964 Voskhod 1 [19]
Vladimir Komarov  Soviet Union [19][nb 4]
Boris Yegorov  Soviet Union [19]
17 Pavel Belyayev  Soviet Union 18 March 1965 Voskhod 2 [20]
Alexei Leonov  Soviet Union
19 John Young △▲  United States 23 March 1965 Gemini 3 [21]
20 James McDivitt  United States 3 June 1965 Gemini 4 [22]
Edward White  United States
22 Pete Conrad  United States 21 August 1965 Gemini 5 [23]
23 Frank Borman  United States 4 December 1965 Gemini 7 [24]
James Lovell △△  United States
25 Thomas Stafford  United States 15 December 1965 Gemini 6A [25]
26 Neil Armstrong  United States 16 March 1966 Gemini 8 [26]
David Scott  United States
28 Eugene Cernan △▲  United States 3 June 1966 Gemini 9A [27]
29 Michael Collins  United States 18 July 1966 Gemini 10 [28]
30 Richard Gordon  United States 12 September 1966 Gemini 11 [29]
31 Edwin Aldrin  United States 11 November 1966 Gemini 12 [30]
32 Walter Cunningham  United States 11 October 1968 Apollo 7 [31]
Donn Eisele  United States
34 Georgy Beregovoy  Soviet Union 26 October 1968 Soyuz 3 [32]
35 William Anders  United States 21 December 1968 Apollo 8 [33]
36 Vladimir Shatalov  Soviet Union 14 January 1969 Soyuz 4 [34]
37 Yevgeny Khrunov  Soviet Union 15 January 1969 Soyuz 5 [35]
Boris Volynov  Soviet Union
Aleksei Yeliseyev  Soviet Union
40 Russell Schweickart  United States 3 March 1969 Apollo 9 [36]
41 Valeri Kubasov  Soviet Union 11 October 1969 Soyuz 6 [37]
Georgy Shonin  Soviet Union
43 Anatoly Filipchenko  Soviet Union 12 October 1969 Soyuz 7 [38]
Viktor Gorbatko  Soviet Union [38]
Vladislav Volkov  Soviet Union [38][nb 5]
46 Alan Bean  United States 14 November 1969 Apollo 12 [39]
47 Fred Haise  United States 11 April 1970 Apollo 13 [40]
Jack Swigert  United States
49 Vitaly Sevastyanov  Soviet Union 1 June 1970 Soyuz 9 [41]
50 Edgar Mitchell  United States 31 January 1971 Apollo 14 [42]
Stuart Roosa  United States
52 Nikolay Rukavishnikov  Soviet Union 22 April 1971 Soyuz 10 [43]
53 Georgy Dobrovolsky  Soviet Union 6 June 1971 Soyuz 11 [44][nb 5]
Viktor Patsayev  Soviet Union
55 James Irwin  United States 26 July 1971 Apollo 15 [45]
Alfred Worden  United States
57 Charles Duke  United States 16 April 1972 Apollo 16 [46]
Ken Mattingly  United States
59 Ronald Evans  United States 7 December 1972 Apollo 17 [47]
Harrison Schmitt  United States
61 Joseph Kerwin  United States 25 May 1973 Skylab 2 [48]
Paul Weitz  United States
63 Owen Garriott  United States 28 July 1973 Skylab 3 [49]
Jack Lousma  United States
65 Vasily Lazarev  Soviet Union 27 September 1973 Soyuz 12 [50]
Oleg Makarov  Soviet Union
67 Gerald Carr  United States 16 November 1973 Skylab 4 [51]
Edward Gibson  United States
William Pogue  United States
70 Pyotr Klimuk  Soviet Union 18 December 1973 Soyuz 13 [52]
Valentin Lebedev  Soviet Union
72 Yury Artyukhin  Soviet Union 3 July 1974 Soyuz 14 [53]
73 Lev Dyomin  Soviet Union 26 August 1974 Soyuz 15 [54]
Gennadi Sarafanov  Soviet Union
75 Georgy Grechko  Soviet Union 10 January 1975 Soyuz 17 [55]
Aleksei Gubarev  Soviet Union
77 Vance Brand  United States 15 July 1975 ASTP [56]
Donald Slayton  United States
79 Vitaly Zholobov  Soviet Union 6 July 1976 Soyuz 21 [57]
80 Vladimir Aksyonov  Soviet Union 15 September 1976 Soyuz 22 [58]
81 Valery Rozhdestvensky  Soviet Union 14 October 1976 Soyuz 23 [59]
Vyacheslav Zudov  Soviet Union
83 Yury Glazkov  Soviet Union 7 February 1977 Soyuz 24 [60]
84 Vladimir Kovalyonok  Soviet Union 9 October 1977 Soyuz 25 [61]
Valery Ryumin  Soviet Union
86 Yury Romanenko  Soviet Union 10 December 1977 Soyuz 26 [62]
87 Vladimir Dzhanibekov  Soviet Union 10 January 1978 Soyuz 27 [63]
88 Vladimír Remek  Czechoslovakia 2 March 1978 Soyuz 28 [64]
89 Aleksandr Ivanchenkov  Soviet Union 15 June 1978 Soyuz 29 [65]
90 Mirosław Hermaszewski  Poland 27 June 1978 Soyuz 30 [66]
91 Sigmund Jähn  East Germany 26 August 1978 Soyuz 31 [67]
92 Vladimir Lyakhov  Soviet Union 25 February 1979 Soyuz 32 [68]
93 Georgi Ivanov  Bulgaria 10 April 1979 Soyuz 33 [69]
94 Leonid Popov  Soviet Union 9 April 1980 Soyuz 35 [70]
95 Bertalan Farkas  Hungary 26 May 1980 Soyuz 36 [71]
96 Yury Malyshev  Soviet Union 5 June 1980 Soyuz T-2 [72]
97 Phạm Tuân  Vietnam 23 July 1980 Soyuz 37 [73]
98 Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez  Cuba 18 September 1980 Soyuz 38 [74]
99 Leonid Kizim  Soviet Union 27 November 1980 Soyuz T-3 [75]
Gennadi Strekalov  Soviet Union
101 Viktor Savinykh  Soviet Union 12 March 1981 Soyuz T-4 [76]
102 Jügderdemidiin Gürragchaa  Mongolia 22 March 1981 Soyuz 39 [77]
103 Robert Crippen  United States 12 April 1981 STS-1 [78][79]
104 Dumitru Prunariu  Romania 14 May 1981 Soyuz 40 [80]
105 Joseph Engle  United States 12 November 1981 STS-2 [81]
Richard Truly  United States
107 Charles Fullerton  United States 22 March 1982 STS-3 [82]
108 Anatoly Berezovoy  Soviet Union 13 May 1982 Soyuz T-5 [83]
109 Jean-Loup Chrétien  France 24 June 1982 Soyuz T-6 [84]
110 Henry Hartsfield  United States 27 June 1982 STS-4 [85]
111 Svetlana Savitskaya  Soviet Union 19 August 1982 Soyuz T-7 [86]
Aleksandr Serebrov  Soviet Union
113 Joseph Allen  United States 11 November 1982 STS-5 [87]
William Lenoir  United States
Robert Overmyer  United States
116 Karol Bobko  United States 4 April 1983 STS-6 [88]
Story Musgrave  United States
Donald Peterson  United States
119 Vladimir Titov  Soviet Union 20 April 1983 Soyuz T-8 [89]
120 John Fabian  United States 18 June 1983 STS-7 [90]
Frederick Hauck  United States
Sally Ride  United States
Norman Thagard  United States
124 Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandrov  Soviet Union 27 June 1983 Soyuz T-9 [91]
125 Guion Bluford  United States 30 August 1983 STS-8 [92]
Daniel Brandenstein  United States
Dale Gardner  United States
William Thornton  United States
129 Byron Lichtenberg  United States 28 November 1983 STS-9 [93]
Ulf Merbold  West Germany
Robert Parker  United States
Brewster Shaw  United States
133 Robert Gibson  United States 3 February 1984 STS-41-B [94]
Bruce McCandless  United States [94]
Ronald McNair  United States [94][nb 6]
Robert Stewart  United States [94]
137 Oleg Atkov  Soviet Union 8 February 1984 Soyuz T-10 [95]
Vladimir Solovyov  Soviet Union
139 Rakesh Sharma  India 3 April 1984 Soyuz T-11 [96]
140 Terry Hart  United States 6 April 1984 STS-41-C [97]
George Nelson  United States [97]
Francis Scobee  United States [97][nb 6]
James van Hoften  United States [97]
144 Igor Volk  Soviet Union 17 July 1984 Soyuz T-12 [98]
145 Michael Coats  United States 30 August 1984 STS-41-D [99]
Steven Hawley  United States [99]
Richard Mullane  United States [99]
Judith Resnik  United States [99][nb 6]
Charles Walker  United States [99]
150 Marc Garneau  Canada 5 October 1984 STS-41-G [100]
David Leestma  United States
Jon McBride  United States
Paul Scully-Power  United States
Kathryn Sullivan  United States
155 Anna Fisher  United States 8 November 1984 STS-51-A [101]
David Walker  United States
157 James Buchli  United States 24 January 1985 STS-51-C [102]
Ellison Onizuka  United States [102][nb 6]
Gary Payton  United States [102]
Loren Shriver  United States [102]
161 Edwin Garn  United States 12 April 1985 STS-51-D [103]
Stanley Griggs  United States
Jeffrey Hoffman  United States
Margaret Seddon  United States
Donald Williams  United States
166 Frederick Gregory  United States 29 April 1985 STS-51-B [104]
Don Lind  United States [104]
Lodewijk van den Berg  United States [104][nb 7]
Taylor Wang  United States [104]
170 Sultan Al-Saud  Saudi Arabia 17 June 1985 STS-51-G [105]
Patrick Baudry  France
John Creighton  United States
Shannon Lucid  United States
Steven Nagel  United States
175 Loren Acton  United States 29 July 1985 STS-51-F [106]
John Bartoe  United States
Roy Bridges  United States
Anthony England  United States
Karl Henize  United States
180 Richard Covey  United States 27 August 1985 STS-51-I [107]
William Fisher  United States
John Lounge  United States
183 Vladimir Vasyutin  Soviet Union 17 September 1985 Soyuz T-14 [108]
Aleksandr Volkov  Soviet Union
185 Ronald Grabe  United States 3 October 1985 STS-51-J [109]
David Hilmers  United States
William Pailes  United States
188 Bonnie Dunbar  United States 30 October 1985 STS-61-A [110]
Reinhard Furrer  West Germany
Ernst Messerschmid  West Germany
Wubbo Ockels  Netherlands
192 Mary Cleave  United States 27 November 1985 STS-61-B [111]
Rodolfo Neri Vela  Mexico
Bryan O'Connor  United States
Jerry Ross  United States
Sherwood Spring  United States
197 Charles Bolden  United States 12 January 1986 STS-61-C [112]
Robert Cenker  United States [112]
Franklin Chang Díaz  United States [112][nb 8]
Clarence "Bill" Nelson  United States [112]
Michael J. Smith  United States 28 January 1986 STS-51-L [113][nb 6]
Gregory Jarvis  United States [114][nb 6]
Christa McAuliffe  United States [115][nb 6]
201 Aleksandr Laveykin  Soviet Union 5 February 1987 Soyuz TM-2 [116]
202 Muhammed Faris  Syria 22 July 1987 Soyuz TM-3 [117]
Aleksandr Viktorenko  Soviet Union
204 Anatoly Levchenko  Soviet Union 21 December 1987 Soyuz TM-4 [118]
Musa Manarov  Soviet Union
206 Aleksandr Panayotov Aleksandrov  Bulgaria 7 June 1988 Soyuz TM-5 [119]
Anatoly Solovyev  Soviet Union
208 Abdul Mohmand  Afghanistan 29 August 1988 Soyuz TM-6 [120]
Valeri Polyakov  Soviet Union
210 Sergei Krikalev  Soviet Union 26 November 1988 Soyuz TM-7 [121]
211 Guy Gardner  United States 2 December 1988 STS-27 [122]
William Shepherd  United States
213 James Bagian  United States 13 March 1989 STS-29 [123]
John Blaha  United States
Robert Springer  United States
216 Mark Lee  United States 4 May 1989 STS-30 [124]
217 James Adamson  United States 8 August 1989 STS-28 [125]
Mark Brown  United States
Richard Richards  United States
220 Ellen Baker  United States 18 October 1989 STS-34 [126]
Michael McCulley  United States
222 Manly Carter  United States 23 November 1989 STS-33 [127]
Kathryn Thornton  United States
224 Marsha Ivins  United States 9 January 1990 STS-32 [128]
George Low  United States
James Wetherbee  United States
227 Aleksandr Balandin  Soviet Union 11 February 1990 Soyuz TM-9 [129]
228 John Casper  United States 28 February 1990 STS-36 [130]
Pierre Thuot  United States
230 Gennadi Manakov  Soviet Union 1 August 1990 Soyuz TM-10 [131]
231 Thomas Akers  United States 6 October 1990 STS-41 [132]
Robert Cabana  United States
Bruce Melnick  United States
234 Frank Culbertson  United States 15 November 1990 STS-38 [133]
Charles Gemar  United States
Carl Meade  United States
237 Samuel Durrance  United States 2 December 1990 STS-35 [134]
Ronald Parise  United States
239 Viktor Afanasyev  Soviet Union 2 December 1990 Soyuz TM-11 [135]
Toyohiro Akiyama  Japan
241 Jerome Apt  United States 5 April 1991 STS-37 [136]
Kenneth Cameron  United States
Linda Godwin  United States
244 Lloyd Hammond  United States 28 April 1991 STS-39 [137]
Gregory Harbaugh  United States
Richard Hieb  United States
Donald McMonagle  United States
Charles Veach  United States
249 Anatoly Artsebarsky  Soviet Union 18 May 1991 Soyuz TM-12 [138]
Helen Sharman  United Kingdom
251 Francis Gaffney  United States 5 June 1991 STS-40 [139]
Sidney Gutierrez  United States
Millie Hughes-Fulford  United States
Tamara Jernigan  United States
255 Michael Baker  United States 2 August 1991 STS-43 [140]
256 Kenneth Reightler  United States 12 September 1991 STS-48 [141]
257 Toktar Aubakirov  Soviet Union 2 October 1991 Soyuz TM-13 [142]
Franz Viehböck  Austria
259 Thomas Hennen  United States 24 November 1991 STS-44 [143]
Terence Henricks  United States
Mario Runco  United States
James Voss  United States
263 Roberta Bondar  Canada 22 January 1992 STS-42 [144]
Stephen Oswald  United States
William Readdy  United States
266 Klaus-Dietrich Flade  Germany 17 March 1992 Soyuz TM-14 [145]
Aleksandr Kaleri  Russia
268 Brian Duffy  United States 24 March 1992 STS-45 [146]
Michael Foale  United States [146][nb 9]
Dirk Frimout  Belgium [146]
271 Kevin Chilton  United States 7 May 1992 STS-49 [146]
272 Kenneth Bowersox  United States 25 June 1992 STS-50 [147]
Lawrence DeLucas  United States
Eugene Trinh  United States
275 Sergei Avdeyev  Russia 27 July 1992 Soyuz TM-15 [148]
Michel Tognini  France
277 Andrew Allen  United States 31 July 1992 STS-46 [149]
Franco Malerba  Italy
Claude Nicollier   Switzerland
280 Curtis Brown  United States 12 September 1992 STS-47 [150]
Nancy Davis  United States
Mae Jemison  United States
Mamoru Mohri  Japan
284 Steven MacLean  Canada 22 October 1992 STS-52 [151]
285 Michael Clifford  United States 2 December 1992 STS-53 [152]
286 Susan Helms  United States 13 January 1993 STS-54 [153]
287 Aleksandr Poleshchuk  Russia 24 January 1993 Soyuz TM-16 [154]
288 Kenneth Cockrell  United States 8 April 1993 STS-56 [155]
Ellen Ochoa  United States
290 Bernard Harris  United States 26 April 1993 STS-55 [156]
Charles Precourt  United States
Hans Schlegel  Germany
Ulrich Walter  Germany
294 Nancy Currie  United States 21 June 1993 STS-57 [157]
Janice Voss  United States
Peter Wisoff  United States
297 Jean-Pierre Haigneré  France 1 July 1993 Soyuz TM-17 [158]
Vasily Tsibliyev  Russia
299 Daniel Bursch  United States 12 September 1993 STS-51 [159]
James Newman  United States
Carl Walz  United States
302 Martin Fettman  United States 18 October 1993 STS-58 [160]
William McArthur  United States
Richard Searfoss  United States
David Wolf  United States
306 Yury Usachov  Russia 8 January 1994 Soyuz TM-18 [161]
307 Ronald Sega  United States 3 February 1994 STS-60 [162]
308 Thomas Jones  United States 9 April 1994 STS-59 [163]
309 Yuri Malenchenko  Russia 1 July 1994 Soyuz TM-19 [164]
Talgat Musabayev  Russia
311 Leroy Chiao  United States 8 July 1994 STS-65 [165]
James Halsell  United States
Chiaki Mukai  Japan
Donald Thomas  United States
315 Jerry Linenger  United States 9 September 1994 STS-64 [166]
316 Stephen Smith  United States 30 September 1994 STS-68 [167]
Terrence Wilcutt  United States
318 Yelena Kondakova  Russia 3 October 1994 Soyuz TM-20 [168]
319 Jean-François Clervoy  France 3 November 1994 STS-66 [169]
Scott Parazynski  United States
Joseph Tanner  United States
322 Eileen Collins  United States 3 February 1995 STS-63 [170]
323 William Gregory  United States 2 March 1995 STS-67 [171]
John Grunsfeld  United States
Wendy Lawrence  United States
326 Vladimir Dezhurov  Russia 14 March 1995 Soyuz TM-21 [172]
327 Nikolai Budarin  Russia 27 June 1995 STS-71 [173]
328 Kevin Kregel  United States 13 July 1995 STS-70 [174]
Mary Weber  United States
330 Yuri Gidzenko  Russia 3 September 1995 Soyuz TM-22 [175]
Thomas Reiter  Germany
332 Michael Gernhardt  United States 7 September 1995 STS-69 [176]
333 Catherine Coleman  United States 20 October 1995 STS-73 [177]
Frederick Leslie  United States
Michael López-Alegría  United States
Kent Rominger  United States
Albert Sacco  United States
338 Chris Hadfield  Canada 12 November 1995 STS-74 [178]
339 Daniel Barry  United States 11 January 1996 STS-72 [179]
Brent Jett  United States
Winston Scott  United States
Koichi Wakata  Japan
343 Yury Onufriyenko  Russia 21 February 1996 Soyuz TM-23 [180]
344 Maurizio Cheli  Italy 22 February 1996 STS-75 [181]
Umberto Guidoni  Italy
Scott Horowitz  United States
347 Andrew Thomas  United States 19 May 1996 STS-77 [182]
348 Charles Brady  United States 20 June 1996 STS-78 [183]
Jean-Jacques Favier  France
Richard Linnehan  United States
Robert Thirsk  Canada
352 Claudie Haigneré  France 17 August 1996 Soyuz TM-24 [184]
Valery Korzun  Russia
354 Reinhold Ewald  Germany 10 February 1997 Soyuz TM-25 [185]
Aleksandr Lazutkin  Russia
356 Roger Crouch  United States 4 April 1997 STS-83 [186]
Gregory Linteris  United States
Susan Kilrain  United States
359 Edward Lu  United States 15 May 1997 STS-84 [187]
Carlos Noriega  United States
361 Pavel Vinogradov  Russia 5 August 1997 Soyuz TM-26 [188]
362 Robert Curbeam  United States 7 August 1997 STS-85 [189]
Stephen Robinson  United States
Bjarni Tryggvason  Canada
365 Michael Bloomfield  United States 26 September 1997 STS-86 [190]
366 Kalpana Chawla  United States 19 November 1997 STS-87 [191][nb 10]
Takao Doi  Japan
Leonid Kadeniuk  Ukraine
Steven Lindsey  United States
370 Michael Anderson  United States 23 January 1998 STS-89 [192][nb 10]
Joe Edwards  United States [192]
James Reilly  United States [192]
Salizhan Sharipov  Russia [192]
374 Léopold Eyharts  France 29 January 1998 Soyuz TM-27 [193]
375 Scott Altman  United States 17 April 1998 STS-90 [194]
Jay Buckey  United States
Kathryn Hire  United States
James Pawelczyk  United States
Dafydd Williams  Canada
380 Dominic Gorie  United States 2 June 1998 STS-91 [195]
Janet Kavandi  United States
382 Yuri Baturin  Russia 13 August 1998 Soyuz TM-28 [196]
Gennady Padalka  Russia
384 Pedro Duque  Spain 29 October 1998 STS-95 [197]
385 Frederick Sturckow  United States 4 December 1998 STS-88 [198]
386 Ivan Bella  Slovakia 20 February 1999 Soyuz TM-29 [199]
387 Rick Husband  United States 27 May 1999 STS-96 [200][nb 10]
Julie Payette  Canada
Valeri Tokarev  Russia
390 Jeffrey Ashby  United States 23 July 1999 STS-93 [201]
391 Scott Kelly  United States 20 December 1999 STS-103 [202]
392 Gerhard Thiele  Germany 11 February 2000 STS-99 [203]
393 Sergei Zalyotin  Russia 4 April 2000 Soyuz TM-30 [204]
394 Jeffrey Williams  United States 19 May 2000 STS-101 [205]
395 Daniel Burbank  United States 8 September 2000 STS-106 [206]
Richard Mastracchio  United States
Boris Morukov  Russia
398 Pamela Melroy  United States 11 October 2000 STS-92 [207]
399 Mark Polansky  United States 7 February 2001 STS-98 [208]
400 James Kelly  United States 8 March 2001 STS-102 [209]
Paul Richards  United States
402 Yury Lonchakov  Russia 19 April 2001 STS-100 [210][211]
John Phillips  United States [211][212]
404 Dennis Tito  United States 28 April 2001 Soyuz TM-32 [213]
405 Charles Hobaugh  United States 12 July 2001 STS-104 [214]
406 Patrick Forrester  United States 10 August 2001 STS-105 [215]
Mikhail Tyurin  Russia
408 Konstantin Kozeyev  Russia 21 October 2001 Soyuz TM-33 [216]
409 Mark Kelly  United States 5 December 2001 STS-108 [217]
Daniel Tani  United States
411 Duane Carey  United States 1 March 2002 STS-109 [218]
Michael Massimino  United States
413 Stephen Frick  United States 8 April 2002 STS-110 [219]
Lee Morin  United States
Rex Walheim  United States
416 Mark Shuttleworth  South Africa 25 April 2002 Soyuz TM-34 [220]
Roberto Vittori  Italy
418 Paul Lockhart  United States 5 June 2002 STS-111 [221]
Philippe Perrin  France
Sergei Treshchov  Russia
Peggy Whitson  United States
422 Sandra Magnus  United States 7 October 2002 STS-112 [222]
Piers Sellers  United States [222][nb 11]
Fyodor Yurchikhin  Russia [222]
425 Frank De Winne  Belgium 30 October 2002 Soyuz TMA-1 [223]
426 John Herrington  United States 24 November 2002 STS-113 [224]
Donald Pettit  United States
428 David Brown  United States 16 January 2003 STS-107 [225][nb 10]
Laurel Clark  United States
William McCool  United States
Ilan Ramon  Israel
432 Yang Liwei  China 15 October 2003 Shenzhou 5 [226]
433 Edward Fincke  United States 19 April 2004 Soyuz TMA-4 [227]
André Kuipers  Netherlands
435 Michael Melvill  United States 21 June 2004 SpaceShipOne 15P [228][229][230][nb 3]
436 Brian Binnie  United States 4 October 2004 SpaceShipOne 17P [230][231][232][nb 3]
437 Yuri Shargin  Russia 14 October 2004 Soyuz TMA-5 [233]
438 Charles Camarda  United States 26 July 2005 STS-114 [234]
Soichi Noguchi  Japan
440 Gregory Olsen  United States 1 October 2005 Soyuz TMA-7 [235]
441 Fei Junlong  China 12 October 2005 Shenzhou 6 [236]
Nie Haisheng  China
443 Marcos Pontes  Brazil 30 March 2006 Soyuz TMA-8 [237]
444 Michael Fossum  United States 4 July 2006 STS-121 [238]
Lisa Nowak  United States
Stephanie Wilson  United States
447 Christopher Ferguson  United States 9 September 2006 STS-115 [239]
Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-Piper  United States
449 Anousheh Ansari  United States 18 September 2006 Soyuz TMA-9 [240][nb 12]
450 Christer Fuglesang  Sweden 10 December 2006 STS-116 [241]
Joan Higginbotham  United States [241]
William Oefelein  United States [241]
Nicholas Patrick  United States [241][nb 13]
Sunita Williams  United States [241]
455 Oleg Kotov  Russia 7 April 2007 Soyuz TMA-10 [242]
Charles Simonyi  United States
457 Clayton Anderson  United States 8 June 2007 STS-117 [243]
Lee Archambault  United States
John Olivas  United States
Steven Swanson  United States
461 Tracy Caldwell Dyson  United States 8 August 2007 STS-118 [244]
Benjamin Drew  United States
Barbara Morgan  United States
464 Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor  Malaysia 10 October 2007 Soyuz TMA-11 [245]
465 Paolo Nespoli  Italy 23 October 2007 STS-120 [246]
Douglas Wheelock  United States
George Zamka  United States
468 Stanley Love  United States 7 February 2008 STS-122 [247]
Leland Melvin  United States
Alan Poindexter  United States
471 Robert Behnken  United States 11 March 2008 STS-123 [248]
Michael Foreman  United States
Gregory Johnson  United States
Garrett Reisman  United States
475 Oleg Kononenko  Russia 8 April 2008 Soyuz TMA-12 [249]
Sergey Volkov  Russia
Yi So-Yeon  South Korea
478 Gregory Chamitoff  United States 31 May 2008 STS-124 [250]
Ronald Garan  United States
Kenneth Ham  United States
Akihiko Hoshide  Japan
Karen Nyberg  United States
483 Jing Haipeng  China 25 September 2008 Shenzhou 7 [251]
Liu Boming  China
Zhai Zhigang  China
486 Richard Garriott  United States 12 October 2008 Soyuz TMA-13 [252]
487 Eric Boe  United States 15 November 2008 STS-126 [253]
Stephen Bowen  United States
Robert Kimbrough  United States
490 Joseph Acaba  United States 15 March 2009 STS-119 [254]
Dominic Antonelli  United States
Richard Arnold  United States
493 Michael Barratt  United States 26 March 2009 Soyuz TMA-14 [255]
494 Andrew Feustel  United States 11 May 2009 STS-125 [256]
Michael Good  United States
Gregory Johnson  United States
Megan McArthur  United States
498 Roman Romanenko  Russia 27 May 2009 Soyuz TMA-15 [257]
499 Christopher Cassidy  United States 15 July 2009 STS-127 [258]
Douglas Hurley  United States
Timothy Kopra  United States
Thomas Marshburn  United States
503 Kevin Ford  United States 29 August 2009 STS-128 [259]
José M. Hernández  United States
Nicole Stott  United States
506 Guy Laliberté  Canada 30 September 2009 Soyuz TMA-16 [260]
Maksim Surayev  Russia
508 Randolph Bresnik  United States 12 November 2009 STS-129 [261]
Robert Satcher  United States
Barry Wilmore  United States
511 Timothy Creamer  United States 20 December 2009 Soyuz TMA-17 [262]
512 Terry Virts  United States 8 February 2010 STS-130 [263]
513 Mikhail Korniyenko  Russia 2 April 2010 Soyuz TMA-18 [264]
Aleksandr Skvortsov  Russia
515 James Dutton  United States 5 April 2010 STS-131 [265]
Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger  United States
Naoko Yamazaki  Japan
518 Shannon Walker  United States 15 June 2010 Soyuz TMA-19 [266]
519 Oleg Skripochka  Russia 7 October 2010 Soyuz TMA-01M [267]
520 Dmitri Kondratyev  Russia 15 December 2010 Soyuz TMA-20 [268]
521 Andrei Borisenko  Russia 4 April 2011 Soyuz TMA-21 [269]
Aleksandr Samokutyayev  Russia
523 Satoshi Furukawa  Japan 7 June 2011 Soyuz TMA-02M [270]
524 Anatoli Ivanishin  Russia 14 November 2011 Soyuz TMA-22 [271]
Anton Shkaplerov  Russia
526 Sergei Revin  Russia 15 May 2012 Soyuz TMA-04M [272]
527 Liu Wang  China 16 June 2012 Shenzhou 9 [273]
Liu Yang  China
529 Oleg Novitskiy  Russia 23 October 2012 Soyuz TMA-06M [274]
Evgeny Tarelkin  Russia
531 Alexander Misurkin  Russia 28 March 2013 Soyuz TMA-08M [275]
532 Luca Parmitano  Italy 28 May 2013 Soyuz TMA-09M [276]
533 Zhang Xiaoguang  China 11 June 2013 Shenzhou 10 [277]
Wang Yaping  China
535 Michael Hopkins  United States 25 September 2013 Soyuz TMA-10M [278]
Sergey Ryazansky  Russia
537 Oleg Artemyev  Russia 25 March 2014 Soyuz TMA-12M [279]
538 Reid Wiseman  United States 28 May 2014 Soyuz TMA-13M [280]
Alexander Gerst  Germany
540 Yelena Serova  Russia 25 September 2014 Soyuz TMA-14M [281]
541 Samantha Cristoforetti  Italy 23 November 2014 Soyuz TMA-15M [282]
542 Kimiya Yui  Japan 22 July 2015 Soyuz TMA-17M [283]
Kjell N. Lindgren  United States
544 Andreas Mogensen  Denmark 2 September 2015 Soyuz TMA-18M [284]
Aidyn Aimbetov  Kazakhstan
546 Tim Peake  United Kingdom 15 December 2015 Soyuz TMA-19M [285][286]
547 Aleksey Ovchinin  Russia 18 March 2016 Soyuz TMA-20M [287]
548 Takuya Onishi  Japan 7 July 2016 Soyuz MS-01 [288]
Kathleen Rubins  United States
550 Chen Dong  China 17 October 2016 Shenzhou 11 [289]
551 Sergey Nikolayevich Ryzhikov  Russia 19 October 2016 Soyuz MS-02 [290]
552 Thomas Pesquet  France 17 November 2016 Soyuz MS-03 [291]
553 Jack Fischer  United States 20 April 2017 Soyuz MS-04 [292]
554 Mark Vande Hei  United States 12 September 2017 Soyuz MS-06 [293]
555 Norishige Kanai  Japan 17 December 2017 Soyuz MS-07 [294][295]
Scott D. Tingle  United States
557 Sergey Prokopyev  Russia 6 June 2018 Soyuz MS-09 [296][297]
Serena Auñón-Chancellor  United States
Nick Hague  United States 11 October 2018 Soyuz MS-10 [298][nb 14]
559 David Saint-Jacques  Canada 3 December 2018 Soyuz MS-11 [300]
Anne McClain  United States
561 Nick Hague  United States 14 March 2019 Soyuz MS-12 [301]
Christina Koch  United States
563 Andrew R. Morgan  United States 20 July 2019 Soyuz MS-13 [302]
564 Jessica Meir  United States 25 September 2019 Soyuz MS-15 [303]
Hazza Al Mansouri  UAE
566 Ivan Vagner  Russia 9 April 2020 Soyuz MS-16 [304]
567 Sergey Kud-Sverchkov  Russia 14 October 2020 Soyuz MS-17 [305]
568 Victor Glover  United States 15 November 2020 SpaceX Crew-1 [306]
569 Pyotr Dubrov  Russia 9 April 2021 Soyuz MS-18 [307]
570 Tang Hongbo  China 17 June 2021 Shenzhou 12 [308]
571 Jeff Bezos  United States 20 July 2021 Blue Origin NS-16 [309][nb 3]
Wally Funk  United States
Oliver Daemen  Netherlands
Mark Bezos  United States

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Fatalities which occurred during training or testing are not included in this list, but can be found in the list of spaceflight-related accidents and incidents.
  2. ^ i.e. In a class of vehicle that had already been flight-proven above the Kármán line, for most of its launches.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Sub-orbital spaceflight
  4. ^ Vladimir Komarov died during Soyuz 1.
  5. ^ a b Soyuz 11 capsule depressurised in orbit.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g See the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
  7. ^ Lodewijk van den Berg was a naturalised United States citizen at the time of his flight, having been born in the Netherlands.
  8. ^ Franklin Chang Díaz is a dual national of the United States and Costa Rica, but flew under the United States flag.
  9. ^ Michael Foale is a dual national of the United States and the United Kingdom, but flew under the United States flag.
  10. ^ a b c d See the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  11. ^ Piers Sellers was a dual national of the United States and United Kingdom, but flew under the United States flag.
  12. ^ Anousheh Ansari is a dual national of the United States and Iran, but flew under the United States flag.
  13. ^ Nicholas Patrick is a dual national of the United States and United Kingdom, but flew under the United States flag.
  14. ^ Soyuz MS-10 booster failed several minutes after launch, and achieved sub-orbital spaceflight only according to the United States definition of 80 km (50 mi). The flight reached an altitude of 93 km (58 mi), not high enough to meet the official FAI criterion of 100 km (62 mi). The crew landed safely.[299]

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