List of attacks on civilians attributed to Sri Lankan government forces

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The following is a list of attacks on civilians attributed to armed groups under the control of the Sri Lankan government - Army, Navy, Air Force, Police and paramilitary groups (Home Guards/Civil Defence Force, EPDP, PLOTE, TMVP etc.). This list does not contain assassinations which are listed in a separate article.

The Sri Lankan Armed Forces which is almost exclusively made up of Sinhalese ethnicity [1] has engaged in several counts of violence against Tamils including numerous instances of civilian massacres, ethnic cleansing, pogroms, forced disappearances, sexual violence, destruction of property and assassination of Tamil civil leaders. [2]

Attacks in chronological order[edit]

Attack Date Location District Province Death
toll
Perpetrators Refs
Suppression of the JVP insurrection 1971 Nationwide 20,000 (up to) Government [3][4][5][6][7]
Tamil conference incident 10 January 1974 Jaffna Jaffna Northern 9 Police [8][9][10]
Puttalam massacre 2 February 1976 Puttalam Puttalam North Western 6-7 Police [8][11][12][13]
Thirunelveli massacre 24 July 1983 Thirunelveli Jaffna Northern 51 Army [14]
Sampalthoddam massacre January 1984 Sampalthoddam Vavuniya Northern 55-70 Army [14]
Chunnakam Police station massacre 8 January 1984 Chunnakam Jaffna Northern 19-20 Police [14]
Chunnakam market massacre 18 March 1984 Chunnakam Jaffna Northern 10 Air Force [15][16][17]
Point Pedro massacre 16 September 1984 Point Pedro Jaffna Northern 16 Police [14]
Othiyamalai massacre 1 December 1984 Othiyamalai Mullaitivu Northern 29-32 Army [18][19][20]
Thennamarawadi massacre 2-4 December 1984 Thennamarawadi Trincomalee Eastern 26 Army [21]
Manal Aru massacre 3 December 1984 Manal Aru Mullaitivu Northern 100+ Army [14]
Amaravayal massacre 3-4 December 1984 Amarivayal Trincomalee Eastern 30-50 Army [21]
Mannar massacre 4 December 1984 Murunkan Mannar Northern 107-150 Army [22][23][24][25][26]
Kokkilai massacres 15 December 1984 Several locations Mullaitivu Northern 131 Army [14]
Mulliyavalai massacre 16 January 1985 Mulliyavalai Mullaitivu Northern 52 Army [14]
Vadakkandal massacre 30 January 1985 Vadakkandal Mannar Northern 52 Air Force, Army [14]
Puthukkudiyiruppu massacre 21 April 1985 Puthukkudiyiruppu Mullaitivu Northern 30 Army [14]
Trincomalee massacres May-September 1985 Several places Trincomalee Eastern 280+ Navy, Army, Home Guards [14][27]
1985 Valvettithurai massacre 12 May 1985 Valvettithurai Jaffna Northern 46-70 Army [14][24][28][29]
Kumudini boat massacre 15 May 1985 Sea Jaffna Northern 23 Navy [30][31]
Thambattai massacre 17 May 1985 Thambattai Ampara Eastern 23 Police (STF) [32]
Killiveddy massacre 30 May 1985 Killiveddy Trincomalee Eastern 44 Police [33]
Muttur massacre 8-11 November 1985 Muttur Trincomalee Eastern 30-100 Army, Navy, Air Force [14]
Kantalai massacre 9 November 1985 Kantalai Trincomalee Eastern 6 Army [14]
Akkaraipattu massacre 19 February 1986 Akkaraipattu Ampara Eastern 80 Army [34][35][36]
Suppression of the JVP insurrection 1987-89 Nationwide Tens of
thousands
Government [37][38][39][40][41][42]
Prawn farm massacre / Kokkadichcholai massacre 27 January 1987 Kokkadichcholai Batticaloa Eastern 83 Police (STF) [43][44][45][46][47]
Nittambuwa massacre 27 February 1990 Nittambuwa Gampaha Western 12 Police [48]
Kalmunai massacre 12 June 1990 Kalmunai Ampara Eastern 160-250 Army [49][50][51][52]
Veeramunai massacre 12 August 1990 Veeramunai Ampara Eastern 21 Home Guards [53]
Eastern University massacre / Vantharamulai campus massacre 5 September 1990 Batticaloa Batticaloa Eastern 158 Army [32][54][55]
Batticaloa massacre / Sathurukondan massacre 9 September 1990 Batticaloa Batticaloa Eastern 184 Army [32][56][57][58][59][60][61]
Chavakachcheri market massacre 9 October 1990 Chavakachcheri Jaffna Northern 12 Army [53]
Kondaichchi massacre February 1991 Kondaichchi Mannar Northern 4 Army [53]
Eravur massacre 20 February 1991 Eravur Batticaloa Eastern 6 Home Guards [53]
Iruthayapuram massacre March 1991 Iruthayapuram Batticaloa Eastern 11 Police [53]
Nayanmar Thidal massacre 12 April 1991 Nayanmar Thidal, Tampalakamam Trincomalee Eastern 4 [62]
Kokkadichcholai massacre 12 June 1991 Kokkadichcholai Batticaloa Eastern 152 Army [32][44][45][55][63][64][65]
Polonnaruwa massacre 29 April 1992 Muthugal and Karapola Polonnaruwa North Central 87 Home Guards, Police [32][66][67]
Mylanthanai massacre 9 August 1992 Mylanthanai Batticaloa Eastern 35 Army [32][68][69][70]
Paliyadvaddai massacre 24 October 1992 Paliyadvaddai Batticaloa Eastern 10-11 [71]
Jaffna lagoon massacre / Kilaly massacre 2 January 1993 Jaffna Lagoon Jaffna Northern 35-100 Navy [72][73][74][75]
Vannathi Aru massacre 17 February 1993 Vannathi Aru Batticaloa Eastern 16 Army [32]
Kalviankadu massacre 27 July 1993 Kalviankadu Jaffna Northern 6 Air Force [76]
Jaffna lagoon massacre 29 July 1993 Jaffna Lagoon Jaffna Northern 19 Navy [76]
Pulmoddai massacre 6 May 1995 Pulmoddai Trincomalee Eastern 5 Army [77]
Navaly church bombing 9 July 1995 Navaly Jaffna Northern 125 Air Force [78][79][80]
Nagerkovil school bombing 22 September 1995 Nagerkovil Jaffna Northern 39 Air Force [81][82][83]
Kumarapuram massacre / Trincomalee massacre / Killiveddy massacre 11 February 1996 Kumarapuram Trincomalee Eastern 24 Army [84][85][86][87][88]
Tampalakamam massacre 3 February 1998 Tampalakamam Trincomalee Eastern 8 Police, Home Guards [89][90][91][91]
Puthukkudiyiruppu bombing 15 September 1999 Puthukkudiyiruppu Mullaitivu Northern 21 Air Force [92]
Pallikuda bombing 12 May 2000 Pallikuda Kilinochchi Northern 5 Air Force [93]
Silivaturai massacre 13 May 2000 Silivaturai Mannar Northern 5 Navy [93]
Columbuthurai massacre 15 May 2000 Columbuthurai Jaffna Northern 5 Army [93]
Mirusuvil massacre 20 December 2000 Mirusuvil Jaffna Northern 8 Army [94][94][95][96][97]
Trincomalee massacre 2 January 2006 Trincomalee Trincomalee Eastern 5 Police (STF) [98][99][99][100][101]
Allaipiddy massacre 13 May 2006 Allaipiddy Jaffna Northern 13 Navy, EPDP [102][103][104]
Nedunkal pressure mine attack 7 June 2006 Nedunkal Batticaloa Eastern 10 Army [105]
Vankalai massacre 8 June 2006 Vankalai Mannar Northern 4 Army [106]
Pesalai Church attack 17 June 2006 Pesalai Mannar Northern 6 Navy [107][108][109]
Trincomalee massacre of NGO workers / Muttur massacre 4 August 2006 Muttur Trincomalee Eastern 17 Police, Home Guards [110][111]
St. Philip Neri Church shelling 13 August 2006 Allaipiddy Jaffna Northern 15 - 36 Army [112][113][114][115]
Chencholai bombing 14 August 2006 Mullaitivu Mullaitivu Northern 61 Air Force [116][117][118][119]
Vaharai Bombing / Vaharai Shelling 7 November 2006 Kathiraveli Batticaloa Eastern 45 Army [120]
Massacre at Thandikulam 19 November 2006 Thandikulam Vavuniya Northern 5 Police, Army [121][122][123]
Padahuthurai bombing / Illuppaikadavai bombing 2 January 2007 Illuppaikadavai Mannar Northern 15 Air Force [124][125]
Murukandy claymore attack 23 May 2008 Murukandy Mullaitivu Northern 16 Army [126]
Tharmapuram Hospital shelling 8 January 2009 Tharmapuram Mullaitivu Northern 7 Army [127]
Vallipuram Hospital shelling 22 January 2009 Vallipuram Mullaitivu Northern 5 Army [127]
Suthanthirapuram shelling 24 January 2009 Suthanthirapuram Junction Mullaitivu Northern 11+ Army [128]
Udayaarkaddu Hospital shelling 26 January 2009 Udayaarkaddu Mullaitivu Northern 12 Army [127]
Puthukkudiyiruppu Hospital shelling 1-3 February 2009 Puthukkudiyiruppu Mullaitivu Northern 9+ Army [127][128][129][130]
Ponnambalam Memorial Hospital bombing 5-6 February 2009 Near Puthukkudiyiruppu Mullaitivu Northern 75 (up to) [127][128][130]
Putumattalan Hospital shelling 9 February-20 April 2009 Putumattalan Mullaitivu Northern 51+ Army [127][128][131][132]
Valayanmadam makeshift hospital bombing 21 April 2009 Valayanmadam Mullaitivu Northern 4-5 Air Force [127]
Mullivaikkal Hospital bombings 23 April-12 May 2009 Mullivaikkal Mullaitivu Northern 100+ Army, Air Force [127][133][134][135][136][137][138]
Welikada prison riot 9-10 November 2012 Welikada Prison Colombo Western 27 Police (STF), Army [139][140]
Weliweriya Protestors' Attack 1 August 2013 Weliweirya Gampaha Western 3 Army [141][142][143]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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