List of authors and works on the Index Librorum Prohibitorum

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The complete works of Gregorio Leti ("Critique historique" pictured) were listed, including his treatise on cardinal-nephews and his biographies of Olimpia Maidalchini and Pope Sixtus V.

This is a selected list of authors and works listed on the Index Librorum Prohibitorum. The Index was discontinued on June 14, 1966 by Pope Paul VI.[1]

A complete list of the authors and writings present in the subsequent editions of the index are listed in J. Martinez de Bujanda, Index Librorum Prohibitorum, 1600–1966, Geneva, 2002.

The Index includes entries for single or multiple works by an author, all works by an author in a given genre or dealing with a given topic. The scope of the prohibition is defined by a Latin phrase in the Index:

  • Omnia opera dramatica: all plays
  • Omnes fabulae amatoriae: all novels, or romances
  • Opera omnia theologica: all theological works
  • Opera omnia: all works (see note below)

The Index includes entries banning all works of a particular writer. Most of these were inserted in the Index at a time when the Index itself stated that the prohibition of someone’s “opera omnia” (all his works) did not cover works whose contents did not concern religion and were not forbidden by the general rules of the Index, but this explanation was omitted in the 1929 edition, an omission that was officially interpreted in 1940 as meaning that thenceforth “opera omnia” covered all the author’s works without exception.[2]

List of authors and works in the final edition, with later additions[edit]

This is a selected list of the authors and works appearing in the final published edition of the Index in 1948, with later additions until the Index was discontinued in 1966.

Banned Name Works Ref.
16001600 BrunoBruno, Giordano Opera omnia [a]
16261626, 1657, 1658,
1659, 1672
GrotiusGrotius, Hugo Opera omnia theologica;
De Imperio summarum potestatum circa sacra (pub. 1647);
Annales et historiae de rebus belgicis (pub. 1657);
+6 more
[b]
16451645 BrowneBrowne, Thomas Religio medici; the religion of a physician [c]
16491649 HobbesHobbes, Thomas Opera omnia [d]
16571657, 1789 PascalPascal, Blaise Lettres provinciales (1657);
Pensées (pub. 1670), with notes by Voltaire
[e]
16591659 CalvinCalvin, John Lexicon iuridicum iuris caesarei simul et canonici [f]
16631663 DescartesDescartes, René Meditations (1641);
Les passions de l'âme (1649);
Opera philosophica. Donec corrig.;
+4 more
[g]
16671667 LetiLeti, Gregorio Opera omnia [h]
16681668 BaconBacon, Francis De dignitate et augmentis scientiarum libri IX. Donec corrig. [i]
16761676 MontaigneMontaigne, Michel de Essays [j]
16791679, 1690 SpinozaSpinoza, Baruch Tractatus Theologico-Politicus (1677);
Opera posthuma
[k]
16841684 EriugenaEriugena, Johannes Scotus De divisione naturae libri quinque diu desiderati [l]
16891689, 1707, 1712 MalebrancheMalebranche, Nicolas Traité de la nature et de la grace (1680);
Traité de morale (1684);
+4 more
[m]
16941694 MiltonMilton, John Literae pseudo-senatus anglicani, Cromwellii reliquorumque perduellium nomine ac iussu conscriptae (1676) [n]
17031703 LafontaineLa Fontaine, Jean de Contes et Nouvelles [o]
17171717 MaimonidesMaimonides 'Tractate on Idolatry from the Mishneh Torah with notes by Dionysius Vossius' [p]
17291729 AddisonAddison, Joseph Remarks on Several Parts of Italy (1705; revised 1718) [q]
17341734, 1737 LockeLocke, John An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1689);
The Reasonableness of Christianity, as Delivered in the Scriptures (1695)
[r]
17381738 SwedenborgSwedenborg, Emanuel Principia (1734) [s]
17421742 BerkeleyBerkeley, George Alciphron, or The Minute Philosopher [t]
17431743 DefoeDefoe, Daniel The Political History of the Devil (1726) [u]
17441744 RichardsonRichardson, Samuel Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded (1740) [v]
17511751, 1762 MontesquieuMontesquieu Lettres Persanes (1721);
De l'esprit des lois (1748)
[w]
17521752, 1753, 1757,
1761, 1762, 1765,
1766, 1768, 1769,
1771, 1773, 1776,
1779
VoltaireVoltaire Candide (1759);
Traité sur la tolérance (1763);
Lettres philosophiques (1733; revised 1778);
+38 more
[x]
17581758, 1804 DiderotDiderot, Denis Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers (1751–72);
Jacques le fataliste et son maître (pub. 1796)
[y]
17581758 d'Alembertd'Alembert, Jean le Rond Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers (1751–72) [z]
17591759, 1774 HelvetiusHelvétius, Claude Adrien De l'Esprit (1758);
De l'homme, de ses facultés intellectuelles et de son éducation
[aa]
17611761 HumeHume, David Opera omnia [ab]
17621762, 1766, 1806, RousseauRousseau, Jean-Jacques Émile, ou de l'éducation (1762);
Du contrat social (1762);
Julie, ou la nouvelle Héloïse (1761)
[ac]
17641764 KollárKollár, Adam František De originibus et usu perpetuo potestatis legislatoriae circa sacra apostolicorum regum Ungariae (1764) [ad]
17661766 BeccariaBeccaria, Cesare Dei Delitti e delle pene (1764) [ae]
17831783 GibbonGibbon, Edward Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (1776–1788) [af]
18151815, 1840, 1859,
1863, 1866, 1896
MicheletMichelet, Jules 6 titles [ag]
18171817 DarwinDarwin, Erasmus Zoonomia; or The Laws of Organic Life (1794) [ah]
18191819 SterneSterne, Laurence A Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy (1768) [ai]
18271827 CondorcetCondorcet, Nicholas de Sketch for a Historical Picture of the Progress of the Human Mind (1794) [aj]
18271827 KantKant, Immanuel Critique of Pure Reason (1781; revised 1787) [ak]
18281828 StendhalStendhal Omnes fabulae amatoriae [al]
18341834, 1837, 1838,
1841, 1843, 1846,
LamennaisLamennais, Hugues Felicité Robert de 7 works [am]
18341834 CasanovaCasanova, Giacomo Mémoires [an]
18351835 BenthamBentham, Jeremy Deontology, or The science of morality (1834);
+3 more
[ao]
18361836 HeineHeine, Heinrich Reisebilder;
De l'Allemagne;
De la France
[ap]
18401840 SandSand, George Omnes fabulae amatoriae [aq]
18411841 BalzacBalzac, Honoré de Omnes fabulae amatoriae [ar]
18491849 GiobertiGioberti, Vincenzo Opera omnia [as]
18521852 ProudhonProudhon, Pierre-Joseph Opera omnia [at]
18561856 MillMill, John Stuart Principles of Political Economy (1848) [au]
18591859, 1860, 1863,
1866, 1869, 1877,
1881, 1882, 1884,
1891, 1892,
RenanRenan, Ernest 19 titles [av]
18631863, 1880 Dumas2Dumas, Alexandre (fils) Omnes fabulae amatoriae;
La question du divorce
[aw]
18631863 DumasDumas, Alexandre (père) Omnes fabulae amatoriae [ax]
18641864 ComteComte, Auguste Cours de philosophie positive [ay]
18641864 FlaubertFlaubert, Gustave Madame Bovary (1856);
Salammbô (1862)
[az]
18731873 LarousseLarousse, Pierre Grand dictionnaire universel du XIXe siècle (1866–76) [ba]
18761876 DraperDraper, John William History of the Conflict between Religion and Science (1874) [bb]
18941894 ZolaZola, Émile Opera omnia [bc]
19111911, 1928, 1935,
1939
DannunzioD'Annunzio, Gabriele Omnia opera dramatica;
Omnes fabulae amatoriae;
+3 more
[bd]
19141914 BergsonBergson, Henri Essai sur les données immédiates de la conscience;
Matière et mémoire; essai sur la relation du corps à l'esprit;
L'évolution créatrice
[be]
19141914 MaeterlinckMaeterlinck, Maurice Opera omnia [bf]
19221922 FranceFrance, Anatole Opera omnia [bg]
19311931 Van de Veldevan de Velde, Theodoor Hendrik Het volkomen huwelijk (1926) [bh]
19481948 SartreSartre, Jean-Paul Opera omnia [bi]
19521952 GideGide, André Opera omnia [bj]
19521952 MoraviaMoravia, Alberto Opera omnia [bk]
19531953 KazantzakisKazantzakis, Nikos The Last Temptation of Christ (1955) [bl]
19561956 De Beauvoirde Beauvoir, Simone The Second Sex (1949);
The Mandarins (1954)
[bm]

Reversals and non-inclusions[edit]

There have been cases of reversal with respect to works that were on the Index, such as those of Nicolaus Copernicus and Galileo Galilei: "The Inquisition's ban on reprinting Galileo's works was lifted in 1718 when permission was granted to publish an edition of his works (excluding the condemned Dialogue) in Florence. In 1741 Pope Benedict XIV authorized the publication of an edition of Galileo's complete scientific works which included a mildly censored version of the Dialogue. In 1758 the general prohibition against works advocating heliocentrism was removed from the Index of prohibited books, although the specific ban on uncensored versions of the Dialogue and Copernicus's De Revolutionibus remained. All traces of official opposition to heliocentrism by the church disappeared in 1835 when these works were finally dropped from the Index."[citation needed]

Not on the Index were Aristophanes, Juvenal, John Cleland, James Joyce and D. H. Lawrence. According to Wallace et al., this was because the primary criterion for banning the work was anticlericalism, blasphemy and heresy.

Some authors whose views are generally unacceptable to the Church (e.g. Karl Marx or Adolf Hitler) were never put on the Index; nor was Charles Darwin (see Evolution and the Roman Catholic Church).[3][4]

Works that were included in the Index, and later removed, include:

Banned Name Works Ref.
1585 Dante Alighieri De Monarchia (1312–13)?
1616 to 1835 Nicolaus Copernicus De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (1543)
to 1835 Johannes Kepler Astronomia nova (1609);
Harmonices Mundi (1619);
Epitome Astronomiae Copernicanae (1617–21)
Sade Justine (1791);
Juliette (1797–1801)
Madame de Staël Corinne, ou l'Italie (1807)
until 1959 Victor Hugo Notre Dame de Paris (1831);
Les Misérables (1862)

Beacon results[edit]

  1. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Bruno
  2. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Grotius
  3. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Browne
  4. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Hobbes
  5. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Pascal
  6. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Calvin
  7. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Descartes
  8. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Leti
  9. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Bacon
  10. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Montaigne
  11. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Spinoza
  12. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Eriugena
  13. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Malebranche
  14. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Milton
  15. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Lafontaine
  16. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Maimonides
  17. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Addison
  18. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Locke
  19. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Swedenborg
  20. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Berkeley
  21. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Defoe
  22. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Richardson
  23. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Montesquieu
  24. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Voltaire
  25. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Diderot
  26. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for d'Alembert
  27. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Helvetius
  28. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Hume
  29. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Rousseau
  30. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Kollár
  31. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Beccaria
  32. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Gibbon
  33. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Michelet
  34. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Darwin
  35. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Sterne
  36. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Condorcet
  37. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Kant
  38. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Stendhal
  39. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Lamennais
  40. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Casanova
  41. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Bentham
  42. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Heine
  43. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Sand
  44. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Balzac
  45. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Gioberti
  46. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Proudhon
  47. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for John Stuart Mill
  48. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Renan
  49. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Dumas
  50. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Dumas
  51. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Comte
  52. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Flaubert
  53. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Larousse
  54. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Draper
  55. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Zola
  56. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Dannunzio
  57. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Bergson
  58. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Maeterlinck
  59. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for France
  60. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Van de Velde
  61. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Sartre
  62. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Gide
  63. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Moravia
  64. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for Kazantzakis
  65. ^ Beacon for Freedom of Expression search for De Beauvoir

References[edit]

External links[edit]