Highways in Spain

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Interactive map of highways in Spain

The Spanish motorway (highway) network is the eleventh largest in the world, by length. As of 2016, there are 17,109 km (10,631 mi) of High Capacity Roads[1] (Sp. Vías de Gran Capacidad) in the country. There are two main types of such roads, autopistas and autovías, which historically differed in the strictness of the standards they are held up to.

History[edit]

Between 1990 and 2012 Spain had one of the highest rates of motorway growth in Europe.[2].

The first motorways named autopista were financed using sovereign debt.[3].

At the end of the 1980s, and before Olympic Games in 1992 in Barcelona, the autonomous Catalan government was interested in increasing the speed limit on new motorways.[3] Between 1987 and 1990, the operations at four new motorways were transferred to private companies, three by the Catalan region and one by the national government.[3]

Building of new sections of autovia was increased before the 1992 Olympic Games and the Sevilla World Fair.[3]

The 1984-1992 National Plan built around 3500 kilometers of new autovia, to reach a network length of 6000 kilometres by 1992, at a cost of 184 million pesetas ( around 1 million euros).[3] At the same time, the new autovia standard was closer to the autopista standard, as the old autovia standard was understood as not providing enough safety. This generated increasing project costs.[3]

Since traffic density is generally lower in Spain than France, it was required that some motorways were to be untolled.[3]Despite a lower traffic density, Spanish motorways remain profitable, because tolls are twice higher in Spain than in France.[3]

Between 2005 and 2014, Spain was the EU country which best performed for decreasing fatalities on motorways, with a decrease score of 66%[4].

Increase of the Spanish motorway network
The length of motorways and other roads is expressed in kilometers. It is reported as of 31 December.[5].
Sources:

Differences between autopista and autovía[edit]

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The distinction between two kinds of high capacity roads is mainly a historical one, seldom with practical consequences for most but the oldest motorways. Both kinds are divided highways with full access control and at least two lanes per direction. General speed limits for both are mandated by the Spanish Traffic Law as 60–120 km/h (35–75 mph), though there are groups that ask for the latter to be raised to 140 km/h (85 mph).[7] Specific limits may be imposed based on road, meteorologic or traffic conditions.

Autopistas are specifically reserved for automobile travel, so all vehicles not able to sustain at least 60 km/h (35 mph) are banned from them. Thus, they may not be an upgrade to an older road, since the Spanish legislation requires an alternate route to be provided for such vehicles.[citation needed] Many, but not all, autopistas are toll roads, which also mandates an alternate toll-free route (though not necessarily a freeway) under the Spanish laws. An example is the AP-2 toll autopista, which links Zaragoza with Barcelona through the Monegros desert. In this case, the alternative is the N-II, the national road that preceded the A-2 autovía.

On the other hand, autovías are usually (though not always) upgrades from older roads, and always untolled. In general, slow vehicles like bicycles and agricultural machinery are allowed under certain restrictions so as to not disrupt the traffic excessively or cause any danger. Furthermore, an autovía will most likely follow the original road very closely, only deviating from it to bypass the towns (which are looped around in variantes). Thus, the upgraded road usually serves as the base for one of the two directions of the new autovía, which means the turns can be steeper than in autopistas. All in all, an autovía:

  • Allows traffic banned from an autopista, like bicycles. However, if the autovía is built as a new road instead of an upgrade to an older one, this traffic may be banned too.
  • May have little to no hard shoulders, which are then marked with a solid line instead of the broken line of a transitable hard shoulder.
  • May have acceleration and deceleration lanes that are much shorter than those of autopistas.
  • May have tighter turns and steeper gradients than an autopista is allowed to.
  • If space-constrained, it may even have bus stops on a service lane in the autovía itself, as opposed to requiring them to be placed on a service lane physically separated from the main road.

However, most of the situations listed here only apply to the oldest autovías, and mainly to the radial A-1 through A-6 plus the A-42 near their endpoints, which were the first to be twinned in the 60s into dual carriageways (with at-level intersections) and then were upgraded to limited-access freeways in the 70s-80s, keeping most of their old route unchanged except where the old national road ventured into towns. In those cases, the freeway would make a semi-loop called a variante around the town, leaving the old national road as the access between the freeway and the town. New autovías usually have perfectly normal acceleration and deceleration lanes, very safe turns and transitable shoulders. Thus, the practical difference between a "new" autovía and a generic autopista is mainly the frequency of exits, which is usually higher in an autovía - upgraded from an old road with many crosses - than in a new, purpose-designed autopista with fewer preconditions imposed on it.

Safety[edit]

It is considered that the construction of motorways has helped to increase safety in Spanish roads, while generating a traffic increase.

Fatalities on motorways have decreased from 776 in 2006 to 277 in 2015.[8]

Spain is one of the countries of the EU with most of road fatalities occurring on motorways rather than other roads: 16% in 2015. But the same year, taking into account the fact that Spain counts a longer distance of road as motorways, Spain is one of the countries with the less motorway fatality rates per 1.000 km of motorways, after Finland, Denmark, Croatia, and Hungary: 18,1 fatalities par 1000 kilometers of motorways.[8]

State-managed motorways[edit]

Most of the high capacity roads in Spain are under the authority of the General Roads Directorate (Sp. Dirección General de Carreteras) of the Ministry of Public Works, a department of the central Government of Spain, with the exceptions of Navarre and the Basque Country, the only autonomous communities which have been transferred full powers over all roads in their territories. Usually, the DGC manages all road maintenance, but in the case of the tolled autopistas, the management is commonly delegated to the concessionaire company.

Traditionally, purpose-built autopistas or autovías were assigned names starting with A plus one or two numbers describing their general orientation, while upgraded autovías kept their original names. Thus, the freeway that is currently known as A-5 was still reported as N-V in road signs for years after the upgrade was completed, making it difficult for drivers to know in advance which roads had become autovías. However, in 2003 all Spanish motorways were uniformly renamed with the following criteria:

  • Interurban motorways are named "A-" plus two numbers, except for the six radial roads stemming from Madrid which are named A-1 through A-6. An exception to this naming rule is the radial autopistas R-2 through R-5
  • Beltways are named with a one or two letter code identifying the city they orbit, plus two digits indicative of the general distance. For example, the M-50 is further from the city of Madrid than the M-40.
  • City access motorways are named similarly to beltways, like TO-21 for a freeway leaving the A-40 towards Toledo.
  • Tolled roads add a "P" before the dash, and must be clearly identified as such in road signs.

All such names are posted in white letters on blue background, like:  A-49  or  AP-4 . Note that none of these naming and coloring requisites affect roads under the authority of the Autonomous Communities. For example, the A-8 road in the Basque Country is a tolled autopista, as are the C-16, C-32 and C-33 in Catalonia. Other communities such as Madrid do follow the convention, and have names as MP-203 for a tolled road and M-501 for a free autovía. Furthermore, roads under the authority of the Andalusian government also start with A, but they have longer numeric codes and different coloring.

Interurban motorways[edit]

Map of Spanish autovias and autopistas

The roads listed below form the backbone of the Spanish high capacity network, connecting all provincial capitals and other major towns and destinations. Until recently, the network suffered from a high radiality, which collapsed[clarification needed] the several Madrid beltways and the roads into the city and region. Since the 2000s, an effort to improve the situation was made based on two actions:

  • Build a new set of radial autopistas (named R-n instead of A-n) complementary to the old radial autovías near Madrid. Such tolled autopistas would form a new system of accesses to the capital that merges with their autovía counterparts far from Madrid. The main advantage to these roads is that they allow true fast travel from the first kilometre, while the radial autovías near Madrid (among the oldest autovía stretches in Spain) frequently go through populations, have constant entries and exits and suffer several other conditions which both jam them and make their first kilometres limited to speeds well under the normal 120 km/h (75 mph) limit.
  • Invest heavily in de-radialization efforts that create true cross-country high-capacity axes without passing through Madrid. For example, the A-66 (Autovía Ruta de la Plata) which connects the southern Andalusia with the northwest area of the country, or the A-43 which will connect the western Extremadura region with the east of Spain.
Signal Denomination Itinerary[9]
A-1 Autovía del Norte Madrid (M-30, M-40) — Alcobendas/San Sebastián de los Reyes (M-12) — M-50 — El Molar (R-1) — Aranda de Duero (A-11) — Burgos West (BU-30) — AP-1 — Burgos Northeast (BU-30) — N-I/AP-1
R-1 Autopista Radial 1 Madrid (M-12) — † — M-50 — † — El Molar (A-1)
AP-1 Autopista del Norte Burgos (A-1) — N-I/A-1 — Briviesca — Pancorbo — Miranda de Ebro (AP-68) — Armiñón (N-I/A-1)
A-2 Autovía del Nordeste Madrid (M-30, M-40, M-22) — Coslada/San Fernando de HenaresTorrejón de Ardoz (M-50) — Alcalá de Henares (M-203/M-100) — Guadalajara (R-2) — Medinaceli (A-15) — Zaragoza (Z-40, A-68) — AP-2

Fraga — AP-2 — Lleida (A-22, LL-11) — Cervera (C-25) — Martorell (AP-7) — B-23 — L'Hospitalet de Llobregat (B-10)
Tordera (C-32) — * — Caldes de MalavellaFornells de la Selva — † — Girona — † — Figueres — † — France

R-2 Autopista Radial 2 Madrid (M-40)—M-50—Guadalajara A-2
AP-2 Autopista del Nordeste Zaragoza—Lleida—El Vendrell
A-3 Autovía del Este Madrid (M-30)—Atalaya del CañavateValencia
R-3 Autopista Radial 3 Madrid (M-30)—Arganda del Rey (A-3)—*—Tarancón(A-3)
A-4 Autovía del Sur Madrid (M-30)—CórdobaSeville, Jerez de la FronteraA-48
R-4 Autopista Radial 4 Madrid (M-50)—Aranjuez—Ocaña (A-4/A-40/AP-36)
AP-4 Autopista del Sur Seville—Cádiz
A-5 Autovía del Suroeste Madrid (M-30)—Talavera de la ReinaNavalmoral de la Mata(EX-A-1)—Trujillo(A-58)—MéridaBadajoz—Portugal
R-5 Autopista Radial 5 Madrid (M-40)—Navalcarnero (A-5)
A-6 Autovía del Noroeste Madrid—Villalba, AdaneroTordesillasBenaventeLugoA Coruña
AP-6 Autopista del Noroeste Villalba—Adanero
A-7 Autovía del Mediterráneo Puçol—Valencia—Silla, CrevillentMurciaAlmeríaMotrilMálagaAlgeciras
AP-7 Autopista del Mediterráneo France—La JonqueraGirona—Barcelona—Tarragona—Puçol, Silla—Alicante, Crevillent—CartagenaVera, Málaga—Guadiaro
A-8 Autovía del Cantábrico BilbaoCastro UrdialesLaredoTorrelavegaLlanesVillaviciosaGijónAvilésLuarcaNaviaRibadeoMondoñedoVilalbaBaamonde
AP-9 Autopista del Atlántico Ferrol—A Coruña—SantiagoPontevedraVigoTui (A-55)
A-11 Autovía del Duero Soria–*–Aranda de Duero—*—ValladolidTordesillasToroZamora—*—Portugal
A-12 Autovía del Camino de Santiago PamplonaLogroño—*—Burgos
A-13 Autovía A-13 Acceso Sureste-Nordeste de Logroño—*—Soria
A-14 Autovía A-14 Lleida—*—Vielha—*—France
A-15 Autovía de Navarra Medinaceli—Soria—*—TudelaTafalla-PamplonaIrurtzunVillabona-Andoain-Hernani-Donostia/San Sebastián
A-21 Autovía del Pirineo Pamplona—*—Jaca
A-22 Autovía Huesca-Lleida LleidaMonzónBarbastro—*—Huesca
A-23 Autovía Mudéjar SaguntoTeruel—Zaragoza—Huesca—*—Somport—*—France
A-24 Autovía Daroca-Burgos Daroca—*—Calatayud—*—Soria—*—Burgos
A-25 Autovía A-25 Alcolea—Monreal
A-26 Autovía del Eje Pirenaico BesalúOlot
A-27 Autovía Tarragona-Lleida Tarragona—*—Montblanc
A-28 Autovía de la Alcarria Guadalajara—Tarancón
A-30 Autovía de Murcia Albacete (A-31)—Murcia—Cartagena
A-31 Autovía de Alicante Atalaya del Cañavate (A-3)—La Roda—Albacete—AlmansaAlicante
A-32 Autovía Linares-Albacete Bailén—*—Linares—*—Albacete
A-33 Autovía Cieza-Font de la Figuera CiezaJumilla—*—Yecla—*—Font de la Figuera
A-34 Autovía A-34 L'Hospitalet de l'Infant—*—Vila-Seca
A-35 Autovía Almansa-Xàtiva Almansa (A-31)—Xàtiva (A-7)
AP-36 Autopista Ocaña-La Roda Ocaña (A-4/R-4)—Quintanar de la Orden—La Roda (A-31)
AP-37 Autopista Alicante-Murcia AlicanteMurcia
A-40 Autovía de Castilla-La Mancha Ávila—*—MaquedaToledo—*—OcañaTarancónCuenca—*—Teruel
AP-41 Autopista AP-41 Madrid (R-5)—Toledo, Almadén—*—Espiel
A-42 Autovía de Toledo Madrid—Toledo
A-43 Autovía Extremadura-Comunidad Valenciana Mérida—*—Ciudad Real—ManzanaresVillarrobledo—Atalaya del Cañavate (A-3)
A-44 Autovía de Sierra Nevada Bailén (A-4)—JaénGranadaMotril (A-7)
A-45 Autovía de Málaga Córdoba (A-4)—Antequera—Málaga (A-7)
AP-46 Autopista AP-46 Puerto de las Pedrizas (A-45)—Málaga (A-7)
A-48 Autovía A-48 Cádiz—Algeciras
A-49 Autovía del Quinto Centenario Seville—HuelvaAyamonte—Portugal
A-50 Autovía de la Cultura ÁvilaSalamanca
AP-51 Conexión Ávila Villacastín (AP-6)–Ávila
A-52 Autovía de las Rías Bajas BenaventeOurenseO Porriño (A-55)
AP-53 Autopista Central Gallega Ourense–Santiago
A-54 Autovía A-54 Lugo–*–Santiago
A-55 Autovía del Atlántico Vigo–O Porriño–Tui–Portugal
A-56 Autovía A-56 Guntín de Pallares–*–Ourense
A-57 Autovía A-57 A Cañiza–*–Pontevedra
A-58 Autovía Trujillo - Cáceres Trujillo (A-5)–Cáceres
A-59 Autovía A-59
A-60 Autovía A-60 Valladolid–*–León
AP-61 Conexión Segovia San Rafael (AP-6)–Segovia
A-62 Autovía de Castilla Burgos–Valladolid–Salamanca–Fuentes de Oñoro–Portugal
A-63 Autovía A-63 OviedoLa Espina
A-64 Autovía A-64 Villaviciosa–Oviedo
A-65 Autovía A-65 Benavente–*–Palencia
A-66 Autovía Ruta de la Plata Northern span: Gijón (A-8) — AS-II — Oviedo (A-66a, A-63) — AP-66/N-630

Southern span: La Robla (N-630) — † — León (AP-66/AP-71, A-231) — Benavente (A-52/A-6) — Zamora (A-11) — Salamanca (A-62) — Plasencia (EX-A1) — Cáceres — Mérida (A-5) — Seville (SE-30)

AP-66 Autopista Ruta de la Plata Campomanes (A-66/N-630) — León (A-66/AP-71)
A-67 Autovía Cantabria-Meseta SantanderTorrelavegaReinosaAguilar de Campóo—Palencia–Venta de Baños
AP-68 Autopista Vasco-aragonesa Bilbao–Miranda de Ebro-Logroño–Tudela-Zaragoza
AP-69 Autopista Dos Mares Cantabria–*–Pancorbo–*–Haro
AP-71 Autopista León - Astorga León (A-66/AP-66/LE-30)–Astorga (A-6)
A-72 Autovía A-72 Monforte de Lemos–*–Chantada
A-73 Autovía A-73 Burgos–*–Aguilar de Campoo
A-74 Autovía A-74 Almadén–*–Autovía A-43
A-75 Autovía Verín - Frontera Portuguesa Verín (A-52)–Portugal
A-76 Autovía A-76 Ponferrada–*–Ourense
A-78 Autovía A-78 CrevillentElche
A-79 Autovía A-79 Alicante–Elche
A-80 Autovía del Sella Ribadesella–*–Cangas de Onís
A-91 Autovía A-91 Puerto LumbrerasVélez Rubio

Beltways, city accesses and urban highways[edit]

Most beltways, full or partial, have originated from the upgrading of one or several roads reaching the town to the autovía level, as the several variantes looping around the town were joined in a single beltway that received a new naming such as TO-20 or Z-40. The list below only contains roads that are recognized as autovías or autopistas for at least part of its length, thus disqualifying urban arteries with at-grade intersections or unrestricted direct access to the main lanes, which are better represented by the dual carriageway concept.

Region Signal Denomination Itinerary
A Coruña AC-10 Autovía AC-10 AC-11—AC-12
AC-11 Autovía AC-11 Avda. Alfonso Molina
AC-12 Autovía AC-12 San Pedro de Nos (N-VI)—A Coruña docks
AC-14 Southern access from A-6 A-6—A Coruña
Alicante A-70 Circunvalacion de Alicante Campello (AP-7)—Elche (A-7)
A-77 North east route to Alicante Alicante (A-70)—A-7
Almería AL-12 Eastern access to Almería El Toyo (A-7)—Airport—Almería
AL-14 Almería docks access A-7—Almería docks
Ávila A-51 Circunvalación de Ávila AP-51—N-110
Avilés AI-81 Eastern access to Avilés A-8—Avilés
Barcelona B-10 Ronda Litoral
B-20 Ronda de Dalt
B-21 Second access to Barcelona Airport *
B-22 Access to Barcelona Airport C-32—C-31—Barcelona Airport
B-23 Autovía B-23 Molins de Rei (AP-2, AP-7)—B-20—Avda. Diagonal
B-24 Autovía B-24 Vallirana (N-340)—Molins de Rei (A-2)
B-30 Calzadas laterales AP-7 Molins de Rei (A-2)—C-58
B-40 Autovía Orbital de Barcelona Abrera (AP-7)—La Roca del Vallés (C-60)
Burgos BU-11 Autovía BU-11 A-1,BU-30—Burgos
BU-30 Circunvalación de Burgos A-1 Madrid—A-62—A-231—*—N-623—A-1 Vitoria—AP-1
Cádiz CA-30 Circunvalación de Jerez de la Frontera Cádiz Airport (A-4)—A-480—N-IVa—*—A-381
CA-31 Northern access to El Puerto de Santa María A-4—El Puerto de Santa María
CA-32 Southern access to El Puerto de Santa María AP-4—El Puerto de Santa María
CA-33 Autovía CA-33 Cádiz—San Fernando (A-4, A-48)
CA-34 Autovía CA-34 San Roque (A-7)—La Línea de la ConcepciónGibraltar
CA-35 Autovía CA-35 Puerto Real (AP-4)—Cádiz
Cartagena CT-31 Western access to Cartagena AP-7 (815)—Cartagena
CT-32 Eastern access to Cartagena A-30—AP-7 (800)
CT-33 Access to Cartagena docks A-30—Cartagena docks
CT-34 Access to Escombreras A-30—Escombreras Valley industrial area
Castellón de la Plana CS-22 Access to Castellón docks N-340—Castellón docks
Córdoba CO-31 Ronda Norte N-432—A-4
Cuenca CU-11 Autovía CU-11 A-40—Cuenca (Avda. República Argentina)
Elche EL-20 Circunvalación de Elche A-7—CV-85
Gijón GJ-81 Autopista GJ-81 A-8—Calle de Sanz Crespo
Granada GR-14 Western access to Motril port A-7—Motril port
GR-16 Eastern access to Motril port A-7—Motril port
GR-30 Circunvalación de Granada A-44—A-92—*—N-432—*—GR-43—*—A-92G—*—A-44
GR-43 North-western access to Granada Pinos Puente (N-432)—*—Granada (A-92G)
Huelva H-30 Autovía H-30 N-441—H-31—Huelva docks (N-442)
H-31 Autovía H-31 A-49—Huelva (H-30)
Jaén J-12 Northern access to Jaén A-316—Jaén
León LE-12 Autovía LE-12 LE-30—LE-20
LE-30 Circunvalación de León A-66—N-630—LE-12
Lleida LL-11 Eastern access to Lleida A-2—Lleida (LL-12)
LL-12 Southern access to Lleida AP-2—Lleida (LL-11)
Logroño LO-20 Circunvalación de Logroño AP-68—N-232
Lugo LU-11 Autovía LU-11 A-6—Lugo
Madrid M-11 Western access to Barajas Airport M-30—M-40—M-12—M-14
M-12 Eje Aeropuerto M-40—M-11—Airport terminal 4—A-1
M-13 Autovía M-13 M-14—M-12
M-14 Southern access to Barajas Airport M-40—A-2—Airport terminals 1, 2, 3—M-13
M-21 Autovía M-21 M-40—M-14—M-22—M-216—M-50
M-23 Enlace O'Donnell—R-3 Madrid (O'Donnell St.)—M-30—R-3—M-40
M-30[10] Calle 30 A-1/M-11—A-2—M-23—A-3—A-4—A-42—A-5—M-500—A-6—M-40—M-607—A-1/M-11
M-31 Autovía M-31 M-40—M-45—M-50
M-40 Autopista de Circunvalación M-40 A-1—R-2—M-11—M-12—A-2/M-21/M-14—M-201—M-23/R-3—A-3—M-31—A-4—A-42—R-5—M-45—A-5—M-501—M-503—A-6—M-30—M-607—A-1
M-50 Autopista de Circunvalación M-50 A-1—R-2—M-111—A-2—M-21—M-206—M-45—R-3—A-3—M-31—M-301—A-4—R-4—A-42—M-409—M-407—R-5—M-506—A-5—M-501—M-503—M-505—A-6—*—M-607—*—A-1
Málaga MA-21 Autovía de Torremolinos Torremolinos (A-7) — Málaga Airport — Málaga
MA-24 Eastern access to Málaga Rincón de la Victoria (A-7) — N-340 — MA-113 — Málaga (A-7)
MA-40 Hiperronda de Málaga Torremolinos (A-7) — * — A-404 — * — A-357 — * — AP-46 — * — Málaga (A-7)
Murcia MU-30 Circunvalación de Murcia Murcia (A-30) — N-340a — A-7 — C-415
RM-1 Santomera-San Javier San Javier AP-7 — RM-301 — Santomera RM-301 — A-30
Oviedo O-11 Eastern access to Oviedo A-66 — Oviedo (Ronda Sur)
O-12 Western access to Oviedo A-66 — Oviedo (León Avenue)
A-66A Autovía A-66a A-66 — Oviedo (Gen. Elorza St.)
Palencia P-11 Southern access to Palencia A-67 — Palencia (Madrid Avenue)
Pontevedra PO-10 Autovía PO-10 PO-11 — AP-9 — N-550
PO-11 Access to Marín PO-10 — Marín (port)
Puertollano PT-10 Northern access to Puertollano A-41 — Puertollano
Salamanca SA-11 Northern access to Salamanca A-62/N-630 - N-620
SA-20 Southern Ring of Salamanca A-50 — A-66
Santander S-10 Eastern access to Santander A-8 — S-30 — CA-141 — N-635 — Santander Airport — A-67 — Santander (N-623, Castilla Avenue)
S-20 Western access to Santander A-67 — S-30 — Santander (Constitución Avenue)
S-30 Santander Bay Ronda S-20 — A-67 — * — N-623 — * — S-10
Santiago de Compostela SC-11 Southern access to Santiago AP-53/AP-9 — SC-20
SC-20 Autovía SC-20 N-550 — A-54 — AP-9 — SC-11
SC-21 Access to Santiago Airport A-54 — Santiago de Compostela Airport
Seville SE-30 Ronda de circunvalación SE-30 A-4 (North) — A-92 — A-396 — N-IV — A-4 (South) — A-8058 — A-49 — SE-20
SE-40 Ronda de circunvalación metropolitana *
Soria SO-20 Autovía SO-20 A-15 — N-122 — N-234
Tarragona T-11 Autovía Tarragona-Reus Tarragona (N-241) — A-7 — AP-7 — Reus Airport — C-14/T-315 — Reus (T-310) — N-420a
Toledo TO-20 Circunvalación de Toledo N-403a — TO-21 — A-42 — AP-41/TO-22
TO-21 Western access to Toledo A-40 (West) — TO-20
TO-22 Eastern access to Toledo TO-20 — AP-41
Valencia V-11 Access to Valencia Airport A-3 — Valencia Airport
V-21 North-Eastern access to Valencia A-7/V-23 — CV-32 — Valencia (Ronda Nord)
V-23 Access to Sagunto A-7/V-21 — A-23 — Sagunto
V-30 Autovía V-30 CV-500 — V-31 — CV-36 — A-3 — CV-30 — V-11 — A-7
V-31 Southern access to Valencia A-7 — V-30
Valladolid VA-11 Eastern access to Valladolid A-11 — VA-30 — Valladolid (Soria Avenue)
VA-21 Southern access to Valladolid N-601 — VA-30 — VA-20 — Valladolid (Madrid Avenue)
VA-20 Ronda de Valladolid
VA-30 Autovía VA-30 *
Vigo AP-9V Access to Vigo from AP-9 AP-9 — Vigo
VG-10 Primer cinturón Castrelos — Bouzas terminal
VG-20 Autovía VG-20 VG-10 Navia - AG-57 - AP-9 Rebullon
Zamora ZA-12 Eastern access to Zamora A-11 (East) — Zamora (N-122)
Zaragoza Z-32 Western access to Zaragoza N-403a — TO-21 — A-42 — AP-41/TO-22
Z-40 Cuarto cinturón de Zaragoza A-2 (West) — AP-68 — A-23 (North)/A-2 (East) — A-68 — A-23 (South) — A-2 (South)
Z-50 Quinto cinturón de Zaragoza A-2 (East) — A-68 — *

*: under construction

Regional-managed motorways[edit]

The formation of the several Autonomous Communities in the early 1980s led to the transfer of many roads to the new regional authorities. Since then, several of those roads have been upgraded to motorway level in order to ensure the internal vertebration of the region, or to provide alternative high-capacity routes to those managed by the national government when those were inadequate or saturated. All of the old comarcal roads (C-nnn) comprising the secondary network were transferred to the Autonomous Communities, splitting them up as necessary; while the national roads (N-nnn) that formed the primary network were mostly kept by the State.

The level of control each community has over its road network varies: the Basque Country and Navarre have received the titularity of nearly all roads in their territories, while in other communities the regional network coexists with and complements the national one. Whatever the extension of the road network under its control, all communities have full powers over naming and identification of their roads, provided no name conflicts with a national road or a regional road of a neighbouring community.

Andalusia[edit]

The regional highway network of Andalusia is very extensive, as the territory itself spans nearly a fifth of Spain. There are no special codes for identifying highways: upgraded roads usually keep their name and sign color (orange, green or yellow). However, confusion sometimes arises due to the fact that most regional roads start with the letter A (for Andalucía), which is also used by the national government for highways.

Signal Type Denomination Itinerary
A-92 Interurban Autovía A-92 SevilleGranadaAlmería
A-92G City access Autovía A-92G Santa Fe (A-92) — Granada
A-92M Interurban Autovía A-92M Salinas industrial development (A-92) — Pedrizas pass (A-45/AP-46)
A-92N Interurban Autovía A-92N Guadix (A-92) — Vélez-Rubio (A-91)
A-306 Interurban Autovía A-306 El Carpio (A-4) — * — Torredonjimeno (A-316)
A-308 Interurban Autovía A-308 Iznalloz (A-44) — * — Darro (A-92)
A-316 Interurban Autovía del Olivar ÚbedaBaena — * — Jaén (A-44) — Martos — * — Lucena (A-45) — Estepa (A-92)
A-318 Interurban Autovía A-318
A-334 Interurban Autovía del Almanzora Purchena — * — Fines — Albox — El Cucador — * — A-7
A-357 Interurban Autovía del Guadalhorce Zalea — * — Casapalma — MA-40 — Málaga (A-7)
A-376 Interurban Autovía A-376 Seville (SE-30) — Alcalá de Guadaira/Dos Hermanas — Utrera
A-381 Interurban Autovía A-381 Jerez de la Frontera (AP-4) — Los Barrios (A-7)
A-382 Interurban Autovía A-382 Jerez de la Frontera (AP-4) — Arcos de la Frontera
A-383 City access Autovía del Higuerón A-7 — La Línea de la Concepción
A-395 City access Ronda Sur de Granada A-44 — Granada
A-480 Interurban Autovía A-480 Sanlúcar de BarramedaJerez de la Frontera (A-4)
A-483 Interurban Autovía A-483 Bollullos Par del Condado (A-49) — Almonte
A-497 Interurban Autovía A-497 Huelva — Punta Umbría
A-8057 Urban Variante de Mairena San Juan de Aznalfarache (A-8058) — Mairena
A-8058 Urban Autovía A-8058 Seville (SE-30) — San Juan de Aznalfarache (A-8057)

*: planned/in construction

Aragon[edit]

The community of Aragon has only very recently started building its own highway network. The first span was opened to traffic just in 2008, and there are at least three more highways in study. Due to the limited financial capabilities of the Aragon regional government, many of them might be built as toll roads.

Signal Type Denomination Itinerary
ARA-A1 Partial beltway Quinto cinturón de Zaragoza N-II/AP-2 — A-68
ARA-AP2 Interurban Autopista ARA-AP2[11] Cariñena (A-23) — † — A-2 — † — ARA-AP4 — † — Mallén (AP-68/N-232)
ARA-A3 / A-127 Interurban Autovía ARA-A3 Gallur (AP-68/N-232) — † — Ejea de los Caballeros
ARA-AP4 Interurban Autopista ARA-AP4 Tarazona (A-11) — † — ARA-AP2
A-131 / A-230 Interurban Still unnamed[12] Huesca — † — Huesca-Pirineos Airport — † — Sariñena — † — Bujaraloz (AP-2/N-II)
A-130 Interurban Still unnamed Barbastro (A-22) — † — Ontiñena — † — Caspe (AP-2/N-II)

*: in construction†: planned

Asturias[edit]

The highway network in the mountainous Principality of Asturias is severely limited by the complexity of its relief, with a dense network of river valleys in between ranges such as the Picos de Europa.

Vertebral Asturian motorways have identifiers in the style of national ones, that is, white text on blue background, while roads in process of upgrading keep their old nomenclature until the full route is completed. Such is the case, for example, with the AS-III, which is an upgrade of the AS-17. The prefix is always AS, and Roman numerals are used.

Signal Type Denomination Itinerary
AS-I Interurban Autovía minera Mieres (A-66) — A-64 — Gijón (A-8)
AS-II Interurban Autovía industrial Oviedo — AS-III — Gijón
AS-III / AS-17 Interurban Autovía del Acero Avilés (A-8) — * — Llanera — AS-II — A-66
AS-117 City access Autovía AS-117 AS-I — Langreo

*: planned/in construction

Balearic Islands[edit]

All of the roads in the Balearic Islands were transferred to the regional government when the Autonomous Community was formed, and several are now under the competence of the several Island Councils (Consell Insular). The prefix denotes the island, and the second letter (if any) is lowercase. Autopista identifiers are white on blue background, while twinned roads closer to the autovía category keep their identifiers.

The lack of highways in several islands should not be taken as a sign of underdevelopment: the road network is well kept, and where highways have not been deemed necessary, expressways are built for an easier upgrade.

Signal Type Denomination Itinerary C-733 — Ibiza Airport
Ma-1 Interurban Eje de Poniente Palma port — Peguera
Ma-13 Interurban Eje Central Palma (Ma-20) — Sa Pobla
Ma-15 Interurban Desdoblamiento de Manacor Palma (Ma-30) — Manacor
Ma-19 Interurban Eje de Levante Palma — Llucmajor
Ma-20 Beltway Vía de Cintura Ma-1 — Ma-13 — Ma-19

Basque Country[edit]

A special case together with Navarre, the Basque Country has received full powers over most roads in its territory, including the national roads that comprised the primary network, and nowadays only the AP-1 and the AP-68 are under the direct authority of the Spanish government as part of the Red de carreteras del Estado (National Road Network). Currently, roads are managed by the three Diputaciones Forales of the Basque provinces.

The fact that such transfer took place before the thorough renaming of national roads and highways in 2003 makes the naming of transferred "national" highways inconsistent with the national network: the A-1 is still called the N-I in the Basque Country, and the same identifier (A-8) applies to the tolled and toll-free parts of the Autopista del Cantábrico in Biscay. Furthermore, new highways built since then by the provinces have one of the following prefixes: A for Álava-Araba, BI for Biscay (Vizcaya-Bizkaia) or GI for Guipúzcoa-Gipuzkoa.

Signal Type Denomination Itinerary
AP-1 Interurban Autopista de Vitoria a Irún por Eibar Vitoria airport (N-622/N-624) — N-240 — Arrasate-Mondragón (GI-632) — Vergara-Bergara (GI-632, GI-627) — Eibar (joins AP-8 up to Irún)
A-8 / AP-8 Interurban Autopista del Cantábrico Cantabria/Basque Country border — Bilbao (AP-68) — Eibar (AP-1) — San Sebastián-Donostia (GI-20 West) — Hernani (GI-131) — Rentería-Errenteria (GI-20 East) — Irún — Spain/France border (A63)
BI-30 Partial beltway Variante Sur Metropolitana de Bilbao A-8 — * — BI-636 — * — AP-68 — * — A-8
BI-631 Interurban Autovía BI-631 Bilbao — Mungía
BI-636 Interurban Corridor del Cadagua Bilbao (A-8) — Gueñes
BI-637 Interurban Autovía BI-637 Barakaldo (N-637) — Getxo
BI-644 Access road Autovía BI-644 Santurtzi (A-8) — Bilbao port
GI-11 City access Autovía GI-11 Lasarte-Oria (N-I) — GI-20
GI-20 Urban Variante de Donostia-San Sebastián AP-8 West — GI-11 — GI-21 — GI-636 — AP-8 East
GI-131 Interurban Autovía del Urumea Andoain (N-I) — * — Urnieta — AP-8 — San Sebastián-Donostia
GI-632 Interurban Autovía GI-632 Vergara-Bergara (AP-1) — * — Zumarraga — Beasain (N-I)
N-102 City access Western access to Vitoria/Gasteiz N-I — Vitoria-Gasteiz
N-622 Interurban Autovía de Altube Vitoria-Gasteiz (N-I) — AP-1/N-624 — AP-68
N-624 Access road Access to Vitoria Airport AP-1/N-622 — Vitoria Airport
N-637 Urban Asúa Valley corridor Barakaldo (A-8) — BI-637 — BI-634 — Galdakao (A-8)

*: in construction†: planned

Canary Islands[edit]

Following the example of the other insular community in Spain, all roads in the Canary Islands are under the authority of either the regional government or one of the several Island Councils (Cabildo Insular). The prefix denotes the island, and identifiers are usually white on blue background.

Signal Type Denomination Itinerary
FV-2 Interurban Autovía FV-2 Puerto del RosarioFuerteventura Airport, Barranco del Vachuelo — Marabu
GC-1 Interurban & urban Autopista GC-1 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria — GC-2 — GC-3 — Telde — Gran Canaria Airport — Arinaga — Maspalomas — Puerto de Mogán
GC-2 Interurban Autopista GC-2 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (GC-1) — GC-20 — Bañaderos, Santa María de Guía — Gáldar
GC-3 Interurban Autopista GC-3 Las Mesas (GC-300) — GC-23 — GC-31 — GC-4 — GC-1
GC-4 Interurban Autovía GC-4 San Francisco de Paula (GC-3) — Monte Lentiscal
GC-23 Urban Autovía GC-23 GC-2 — GC-3
GC-31 City access Autovía GC-31 GC-3 — Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (GC-1)
LZ-2 Interurban Autovía LZ-2 ArrecifeLanzarote Airport
TF-1 Interurban Autopista del Sur Santa Cruz de Tenerife (TF-5) — TF-4 — TF-2 — Candelaria — Tenerife South Airport — Adeje
TF-2 Urban Autovía TF-2 TF-5 — TF-1
TF-4 City access Autovía TF-4 TF-1 — Santa Cruz de Tenerife
TF-5 Interurban Autopista del Norte Santa Cruz de Tenerife (TF-1) — TF-2 — San Cristóbal de la LagunaTenerife North Airport — Puerto de la Cruz
TF-11 Interurban Autovía TF-11 Fishing docks — San Andrés

Castile-La Mancha[edit]

Another community that has recently started building its own high capacity road network, Castile-La Mancha has completed one autovía and has at least five more in varied states of advanced planning and building. In the flat La Mancha, relief does not usually require costly tunnels and bridges, though the region does contain several nature reserves including the Tablas de Daimiel National Park wetlands. Highway identifiers are white on blue background.

Signal Type Denomination Itinerary
CM-40 Partial beltway Ronda Suroeste de Toledo A-40 (West) — * — TO-21 — * — CM-42 — * — N-400
CM-41 Interurban Autovía de La Sagra[13][14] Valmojado (A-5) — * — Illescas (A-42/AP-41) — * — Borox — * — Seseña (R-4/A-4)

Borox — * — Añover de Tajo

CM-42 Interurban Autovía de los Viñedos Toledo (TO-20) — CM-40 — N-401 — Nambroca — Consuegra — Madridejos (A-4) — Alcázar de San Juan — Tomelloso (A-43)
CM-43 Interurban Autovía de la Solana Manzanares (A-4) — * — La Solana — † — Albacete (A-32)
CM-44 Interurban Autovía del Júcar Cuenca (A-40) — † — Motilla del Palancar (A-3) — † — Albacete (A-32)
CM-45 Interurban Autovía IV Centenario[14][15] Ciudad Real (A-41) — * — Almagro — * — Valdepeñas (A-4) — † — Alcaraz (A-32)

*: in construction†: planned

Castile and León[edit]

The largest community in Spain by land area, Castile and León has a dense road network, but until recently most of its highways had been part of the national system. The terrain is varied, from the plains of the Meseta to the rugosities of the Montes de León, and archeological remains abound. Regional highways are renamed to A-nnn, always with three digits to avoid clashes with the national network, but usually keeping the original number of the upgraded regional road CL-nnn. Identifiers are white on blue background.

Signal Type Denomination Itinerary
A-125 Interurban Autovía A-125 La Bañeza (A-6) — * — Puebla de Sanabria (A-52) — † — Spain/Portugal border (N103)
A-231 Interurban Autovía del Camino de Santiago Burgos (BU-30/A-62) — Osorno (A-67) — Sahagún — León (A-66)
A-510 Interurban Autovía A-510 Salamanca (SA-20) — * — Alba de Tormes
A-601 Interurban Autovía de Pinares Valladolid (VA-30) — CuéllarSegovia (N-110)
A-610 Interurban Autovía A-610 Palencia (A-67) — Magaz de Pisuerga (A-62) — † — Aranda de Duero (A-1)
A-631 Interurban Autovía de La Espina Ponferrada (A-6) — * — Toreno — † — Villablino — † — Los Barrios de Luna (AP-66)
A-629 Interurban Autovía de Las Merindades Burgos (A-73) - Viarcayo - Viasana de Mena - (Bi-636) - Balmaseda - Bilbao

*: in construction†: planned

Cantabria[edit]

The only community without a high-capacity network of its own, Cantabria is severely held back in such a development by a highly mountainous terrain that multiplies the cost of building any kind of expressway. Thus, its population is served by the national highway network supplemented by regional conventional roads.

Catalonia[edit]

The second most populated community in Spain, Catalonia has a thorough regional road network, with several highways managed by the Generalitat de Catalunya. Also, the state-owned highways previously known as A-16 through A-19 were transferred to the Catalan government and renamed according to the new regional guidelines enacted in 2004. Highway identifiers are white on blue background.

Signal Type Denomination Itinerary
C-14 Interurban Autovía C-14 Reus (T-11) — Alcover
C-16[16] Interurban Eix del Llobregat Barcelona (Via Augusta/B-20) — Sant Cugat del Vallès (AP-7) — RubíTerrassaManresa (C-25) — Berga — † — Puigcerdá — † — France (N20)
C-17 Urban & interurban Eix del Congost Barcelona (Meridiana Avenue/B-20) — C-33/C-58 — Montcada — C-33/C-59 — Montmeló (C-33/AP-7 North) — GranollersVic (C-25) — Manlleu (C-37) — Torelló — * — Ripoll
C-25 Interurban Eix Transversal Cervera (A-2) — * — Manresa (C-16) — * — Vic (C-17) — Vic (C-25) — * — AP-7/Girona Airport — * — Riudellots de la Selva (A-2)
C-31 Interurban Eix Costaner Castelldefels (C-32) — Barcelona AirportEl Prat de LlobregatL'Hospitalet de Llobregat (B-10) — Barcelona (Gran Vía de les Corts Catalanes)

Barcelona (Gran Vía de les Corts Catalanes) — B-10 — BadalonaMontgat (C-32)
Santa Cristina d'Aro (C-65) — Platja d'Aro — * — PalamósPalafrugell

C-31B Interurban Autovía C-31B TarragonaSalou
C-31C City access Autovía C-31C Sant Boi de Llobregat — El Prat de Llobregat (C-31)
C-31D City access Autopista C-31D C-32Mataró (Porta Laietana)
C-32 Interurban Corridor del Mediterrani Autopista Pau Casals: El Vendrell (AP-7) — Calafell — CunitVilanova i la GeltrúSitges — Castelldefels (C-31) — B-22 — L'Hospitalet de Llobregat (B-10/B-20)

Autopista del Maresme: Montgat (C-31) — Mataró (C-31D/C-60) — Arenys de MarSant Pol de Mar — Palafolls — Tordera (N-II) — † — Lloret de Mar — † — Tossa de Mar

C-33 Interurban Access to Barcelona from AP-7 Barcelona (C-17/C-58) — Mollet del Vallés (C-17/C-59) — Montmeló (AP-7)
C-35 Interurban Autovía C-35 Vidreres (AP-7/A-2) — Llagostera (C-65)
C-58 Interurban Autopista del Vallès Barcelona (B-10/B-20) — C-33 — Cerdanyola del Vallès — AP-7 — Sabadell AirportSabadell/Sant Quirze del VallèsTerrassa (Vallès Avenue) — C-16
C-60 Interurban Autovía C-60 Mataró (C-32) — La Roca del Vallès (AP-7)
C-65 Interurban Autovia C-65 Santa Cristina d'Aro (C-31) — Llagostera (C-35) — † — Girona (A-2)
C-66 Interurban Autovía C-66 Sarrià de Ter (AP-7) — Banyoles (C-31) — † — Besalú (A-26)
C-68 Interurban Autovía C-68 Figueres (AP-7) — * — Roses

*: in construction†: planned

Extremadura[edit]

A sparsely populated community, Extremadura has a terrain that can be considered favourable for a regional highway plan, as the interior is mostly flat. However, the fact that its northern and north-eastern borders are blocked by mountain ranges with typical elevations of 1,100 metres (3,600 ft) over the main mesa, combined with the mentioned demographics of the territory (Extremadura ranks the 5th community in Spain by land area, but only the 12th by population, and none of its cities reach 200,000 inhabitants) has traditionally limited the penetration of even the national highway network.

Nevertheless, the community is in an excellent position for connections between Spain and Portugal (the national highway A-5 reaches Portugal through Badajoz in Extremadura), and in the last decade, the regional government has revealed an ambitious plan that would create four to six regional highways. In addition to the vertebration of the Extremaduran territory, some of these roads are explicitly meant to provide alternative routes to the two national highways in the region (A-5 and A-66), establishing connections between them and an additional route to Portugal to the north of the current one.

It is the policy of the regional government to avoid twinning existing roads (and thus replacing them with the upgraded autovía), so instead all autovías are built from scratch even if they are parallel to the old road. All Extremaduran highways are currently named EX-An, with white identifiers on blue background. Some of them have branches named EX-An-Rm, which also have white-on-blue identifiers, but such branches need not be highways themselves even if they are built concurrently with the main road.

Signal Type Denomination Itinerary
EX-A1 Interurban Autovía EX-A1 Navalmoral de la Mata (A-5) — Malpartida de PlasenciaPlasencia (A-66) — * — Coria — * — Moraleja — † — Spain/Portugal border (N103)
EX-A2 Interurban Autovía EX-A2 Miajadas (A-5) — Don Benito (EX-A2-R1) — Villanueva de la Serena (EX-A2-R2)
EX-A3 Interurban Autovía EX-A3 Zafra (A-66) — * — Jerez de los Caballeros
EX-A4 Interurban Autovía EX-A4 Cáceres (A-66) — † — Badajoz (A-5)

*: in construction†: planned

Galicia[edit]

Often compared to Scotland because of its orographic similarities, Galicia is a hilly but not mountainous region with an approximate population of 3M people. Its highway network mainly functions as the terminal part of trips, since the vertebral function is mainly coped by the national system. Identifiers start with AG (for Autovía/Autoestrada galega) and are white on blue background.

Signal Type Denomination Itinerary
AG-11 Interurban Autovía del Barbanza Rianxo (AP-9) — Boiro — Ribeira
AG-41 Interurban Autovía del Salnés Meis (AP-9) — Sanxenxo — * — O Grove
AG-51 Access road Access to PLISAN A-52 — † — Salvaterra-As Neves Industrial and Logistic Platform (PLISAN, Plataforma Logístico-Industrial Salvaterra-As Neves)
AG-52 Interurban Autovía AG-52 Tui (A-55) — † — Tomiño
AG-53 Interurban Autoestrada Central Galega Dozón (AP-53) — Cea — Maside (AG-54) — A-52
AG-54 Access road Access to O Carballiño Maside (AG-53) — O Carballiño
AG-55 Interurban Autoestrada da Costa da Morte A CoruñaArteixo (A-6) — Laracha — Carballo — † — Fisterra
AG-56 Interurban Autovía AG-56 Santiago de Compostela (AP-9) — Brión — Gundín — * — Noia
AG-57 Interurban Autoestrada do Val Miñor Vigo (VG-20) — AG-57N — Ramallosa — * — Baiona
AG-57N Access road Autopista AG-57N AG-57 — Nigrán
AG-58 Access road Autovía AG-58 AG-59 — Cacheiras
AG-59 Access road Autovía AG-59 Santiago de Compostela (AP-53) — AG-58 — Raris — * — Pontevea — * — A Estrada
AG-64 Interurban Autovía Ferrol - Vilalba Ferrol — Rio do Pozo industrial development — NarónAs Pontes de García RodríguezVilalba (A-8)

*: in construction†: planned

La Rioja[edit]

The small and mountainous region of La Rioja has just started planning regional highways of its own. After an initial plan to upgrade the LR-134 road (CalahorraArnedo) was downgraded to a simple twinning with roundabout intersections, a study is now being drawn to build at least a true highway connecting the national highways AP-68 and A-12, with a possible projection into the south of the community. Another highway would provide access from the regional capital beltway to the tolled AP-68.

Signal Type Denomination Itinerary
LR-111 Interurban Autovía LR-111 Haro (AP-68) — † — Santo Domingo de la Calzada (A-12) — † — Ezcaray
LR-250 Access road Autovía LR-250 Logroño (LO-20+A-12) — † — Villamediana de Iregua (AP-68)

*: in construction†: planned

Madrid[edit]

The region containing the capital city of Spain, Madrid ranks the 3rd community by population, and is by far the most densely populated. Even though it contains the centre of the national radial highway system, the Madrid regional government (traditionally more committed to the expansion of the Metro system) has dedicated vast resources during the last decade to upgrade the regional road network and, where necessary, create new high-capacity roads that both complement the national system and vertebrate zones of the community not covered by the national network.

Madrid regional highways have codes that are no different from other regional roads, with orange, green and yellow backgrounds, even for newly built highways like the M-45. Usually, the upgrade of long roads, twinned or not, to the motorway level is not undertaken at once, so the list below only contains the itinerary for the spans that actually run as highways or have been planned to. For example, the M-506 is "broken" at its connection with the M-419 and the A-42 by a succession of roundabouts until the link with the R-4, so in the list it is separated in two highway stretches.

Signal Type Denomination Itinerary
M-45 Partial beltway Autopista M-45 Madrid/Leganés (M-40) — R-5 — A-42/M-402 — A-4 — M-301 — M-31 — A-3 — R-3 — CosladaSan Fernando de Henares (M-206) — M-50
M-100 Interurban Autovía M-100[17] San Sebastián de los Reyes (A-1) — † — M-106/M-111 — † — Cobeña — † — Daganzo de Arriba — * — R-2 — A-2/M-203
M-203 Interurban Autopista eje Este Mejorada del Campo (R-3) — * — Soto de Aldovea — M-224 — A-2/M-100
M-206 Interurban Autovía M-206[17] Torrejón de Ardoz — * — Loeches
M-402 Urban Autovía M-402 Madrid (Villaverde, A-42) — * — Leganés (ParqueSur mall) — † — Leganés (M-406)
M-404 Interurban Autovía M-404[18] Navalcarnero (A-5/M-600) — * — R-5 — * — El Álamo — * — Serranillos del Valle (AP-41) — * — Griñón (M-407) — * — Torrejón de la Calzada (A-42) — * — R-4 — * — Valdemoro (A-4) — * — Ciempozuelos
M-406 Interurban & beltway Autovía M-406 Leganés (*M-402) — M-409 — M-407 — Alcorcón (A-5/M-40)
M-407 Interurban Autovía M-407[19][20] Leganés (M-406) — * — M-50 — * — Fuenlabrada (M-506) — M-410 — Griñón (M-404)
M-409 Interurban Autovía M-409 Leganés (M-406) — M-50 — Fuenlabrada
M-423 Interurban Autovía M-423 Pinto (M-506) — Valdemoro (M-404/R-4)
M-500 Interurban Carretera de Castilla Madrid (M-30) — M-503 — A-6
M-501 Interurban Autovía de los Pantanos M-40/M-511 — Boadilla del Monte (M-50) — Villaviciosa de Odón (M-506) — Brunete (M-600) — Chapinería (M-510) — Navas del Rey
M-503 Interurban Autovía eje Noroeste[19] M-500 — * — Pozuelo de Alarcón — M-40 — M-50 — Villanueva del PardilloVillanueva de la Cañada (M-600)
M-506 Interurban & urban Autovía M-506 Western stretch: Villaviciosa de Odón (M-501) — † — Alcorcón (M-50/A-5) — Móstoles (M-50) — M-407 — Fuenlabrada (M-405/M-413) — M-419

Eastern stretch: R-4 — Pinto (A-4) — M-423 — Warner Madrid Theme Park — † — San Martín de la Vega — † — Arganda del Rey (A-3/M-300)

M-509 Interurban Autovía M-509[17] M-50 — * — Villanueva del Pardillo
M-600 Interurban Autovía M-600[18] Villanueva de la Cañada (M-503) — † — Brunete (M-501) — † — Sevilla la Nueva — † — Navalcarnero (A-5/M-404)
M-607 Interurban Autovía de Colmenar Madrid (M-30) — M-40 — Alcobendas (M-616) — Tres CantosColmenar Viejo (M-609)
M-609 Interurban Autovía M-609[17] Colmenar Viejo (M-607) — * — Soto del Real

*: in construction†: planned

Murcia[edit]

The coastal region of Murcia is an important touristic destination in Spain. Its nearly 1.5 million inhabitants are mainly concentrated in the eastern part of the community, from Murcia city to the coast, while inland zones of Yecla, Jumilla and Caravaca de la Cruz are more sparsely populated. The national highway network provides good connectivity along the coast, with three highways links with Andalusia (A-91, A-7 and the tolled AP-7) and another three with the Valencian Community (A-7 and the tolled AP-7 and AP-37), but only the A-30 motorway connects Murcia with inland Spain. It is thus the goal of the regional government to provide alternative highway corridors that connect the inland border of Murcia to the coastal zones.

All in all, the autonomous government is investing heavily in its highway network, both for trips along the coast and inland-coast connectivity. Due to the expansion of the regional network that this effort is expected to produce, Murcia has recently implemented a new naming scheme for its regional highways, more in accordance with the national network. When the renaming is complete, all highways will be identified by white-on-blue names that start with RM (for Región de Murcia).

Signal Type Denomination Itinerary
RM-1 Interurban Autovía RM-1 San Javier (AP-7) — Zeneta (MU-30/RM-30/†AP-37)
RM-2 Interurban Autovía Alhama - Campo de Cartagena Alhama (A-7) — RM-23 — Fuente Álamo (MU-602) — Cartagena (A-30)
RM-3 Interurban Autovía RM-3 Totana (A-7) — RM-23 — Mazarrón (AP-7)
RM-11 Interurban Autovía RM-11 Lorca (A-7) — N-332 — Águilas (AP-7)
RM-12 Access road Autovía de La Manga Cartagena (AP-7/CT-32) — El Algar (N-332) — La Manga del Mar Menor
RM-15 Interurban Autovía del Noroeste Alcantarilla (MU-30/A-7) — MulaCaravaca de la Cruz (C-415/RM-714)
RM-19 Access road Autovía del Mar Menor A-30 — Polaris World — San Javier (AP-7)
RM-23 Interurban Autovía de conexión RM-23 RM-2 — RM-3

*: in construction†: planned

Navarre[edit]

The Foral Community of Navarre is another community with full powers over most roads in its territory. However, in contrast to the neighbouring Basque Country, the regional government has decided to keep the identifiers of some highways — namely, those which were part of a national highway before being transferred — in sync with the national system. The only road in Navarrese territory not under the authority of the regional government is the national toll highway AP-68 (Autopista Vasco-Aragonesa), which was kept by the state to avoid a four-pronged management by the concessionaire and the Basque, Navarrese and Spanish governments.

Signal Type Denomination Itinerary
A-1 Interurban Autovía del Norte Álava/Navarre border — ZiordiaAltsasu (A-10) — Navarre/Guipúzcoa limit
A-10 Interurban Autovía de la Barranca Irurtzun (A-15/AP-15) — IrañetaLakuntzaArbizuEtxarri-Aranatz — Altsasu (A-1)
A-12 Interurban Autovía del Camino de Santiago Zizur Mayor (A-15) — Puente la ReinaEstella-LizarraLos ArcosLazagurríaViana — * — Navarre/La Rioja border (LO-20/A-12)
A-15 Interurban Autovía A-15 Ronda de Pamplona Oeste (beltway): Noain (AP-15/A-21) — PA-30 — Pamplona-Iruña (PA-31) — Zizur Mayor (A-12) — Orkoyen — Berriozar (PA-34) — AP-15

Autovía de Leitzaran: Irurtzun (A-10/AP-15) — Lekunberri — Azpirotz — Areso — Navarre/Guipúzcoa border

AP-15 Interurban Autopista AP-15 Southern stretch: AP-68 — A-68 — Castejón (N-113) — Tafalla (NA-132) — Pueyo — Baranoain/Garinoain — NA-601/N-121 — Noain (A-15/A-21)

Northern stretch: A-15 — PA-34 — Sarasate (N-240a) — Irurtzun (A-10/A-15)

A-21 Interurban Autovía del Pirineo Noain (A-15/AP-15) — MonrealIbargoiti — * — Liédena — * — Yesa — * — Navarre/Huesca border
AP-68 Interurban Autopista del Ebro Zaragoza/Navarre border (N-232) — Cortes — Fontellas (NA-134) — Tudela (AP-68) — Liédena — AP-15/N-232
PA-30 Partial beltway Ronda de Pamplona A-15 — Pamplona (PA-31) — Aranguren — PA-33 — Olaz — NA-150
PA-34 Access road Western access to Pamplona AP-15 — Berriozar (A-15) — Pamplona-Iruña (N-240)

*: in construction†: planned

Valencian Community[edit]

The fourth Spanish autonomous community by population and a preferred tourist destination, the Valencian Community has a varied orography, from great plains to prelitoral mountain ranges, and a territory of generally high ecological value. Nevertheless, the regional government has pushed for a rich and tupid highway network, building connections between the various national highways that serve the Community and beltways for the provincial capitals.

Like highways in Madrid and Andalusia, Valencian regional motorways do not have special identifiers different from other autonomic roads, so orange, green and yellow backgrounds are possible. All identifiers are prefixed with CV for Comunitat Valenciana, the official name of the region.

The regional highway CV-10 is currently being expanded to the limit with Catalonia and will be transferred to the national Government as a new stretch of the A-7 (Autovía del Mediterráneo). The same applies to the CV-40 highway.

Signal Type Denomination Itinerary
CV-10 Interurban Autovía de la Plana Nules (A-7/N-340) — Betxí — CV-20 — Castellón de la Plana (CV-17) — CV-16 — Borriol — La Pobla Tornesa — Cabanes — * — Vilanova d'Alcolea — † — La Jana — † — Castellón/Tarragona border
CV-18 Interurban Autovía CV-18 Castellón de la Plana (CV-197) — † — Almazora — * — Burriana — † — Nules (N-340)
CV-30 Partial beltway Ronda Nord de València V-30 — Paterna (CV-31) — Valencia (CV-35) — † — Alboraia — † — V-21
CV-31 Urban Distribuïdor Nord Paterna (CV-30) — CV-365 — Burjassot (CV-35)
CV-32 Interurban Eix de la Gombalda Massalfassar (V-21) — * — Massamagrell/Museros (CV-300) — † — A-7
CV-33 Interurban Distribuïdor Sud Torrent (CV-366) — Albal
CV-35 Urban & interurban Autovía de Ademuz Valencia (CV-30) — Burjassot (CV-61/CV-365) — A-7 — San Antonio de BenagéberLa Pobla de Vallbona — CV-50 — Llíria
CV-36 Iinterurban Autovía de Torrent Valencia (Camí Nou de Picanya) — Picanya (CV-366) — Torrent — Alaquàs — El Mas del Jutge — A-7
CV-40 Interurban Autovía CV-40 Xàtiva (A-7) — OntinyentAlbaida — * — Cocentaina — * — Alcoi — * — A-7
CV-60 Interurban Autovía CV-60 L'Olleria (CV-40) — † — Alfarrasí (N-340) — † — CV-610 — Gandía (CV-600)
CV-70 Interurban Autovía CV-70 Alcoi (A-7) — † — Polop (N-340) — † — Benidorm (AP-7)
CV-80 Interurban Autovía CV-80 Sax (A-31) — Castalla — A-7
CV-365 Urban Northeastern access to Paterna Burjassot (CV-35) — CV-31 — V-11/V-30
CV-500 Urban Autovía del Saler Valencia (Alcalde Reig Street) — V-30 — El Saler
CV-864 Partial beltway Ronda Sud de Elx EL-20 — † — CV-866

*: in construction†: planned

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CIA - The World Factbook -- Spain". Central Intelligence Agency.
  2. ^ https://www.racfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Roads-Reform-An-International-Perspective-John-Smith-July-2016.pdf
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h https://books.google.fr/books?id=XmR7Qzr5H-wC
  4. ^ https://ec.europa.eu/transport/road_safety/sites/roadsafety/files/pdf/statistics/dacota/bfs2016_motorways.pdf
  5. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/29567/3217334/Guidelines-Data-prov-Regional-V6.pdf/2db4a812-1b05-4335-97bf-6eaed8b0913c
  6. ^ https://www.racfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Roads-Reform-An-International-Perspective-John-Smith-July-2016.pdf
  7. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish) movimiento140.com asks for the general limits on both autopistas an autovías to be raised to 140 km/h (85 mph).
  8. ^ a b https://ec.europa.eu/transport/road_safety/sites/roadsafety/files/pdf/statistics/dacota/bfs2017_motorways.pdf
  9. ^ Spans marked with * are under construction
  10. ^ Transferred to the Madrid City Council
  11. ^ "Medio Ambiente retoca una autopista para preservar cañadas". El Periódico de Aragón (in Spanish). Zaragoza: Grupo Zeta. 6 December 2007. p. 24. Archived from the original on 7 December 2007. Retrieved 4 April 2010. El Departamento de Medio Ambiente de la DGA ha emitido una declaración de impacto ambiental favorable al estudio informativo de la autopista autonómica que conectará la autovía Mudéjar desde Cariñena con la A-68 y la N-232 en Mallén.
  12. ^ "La DGA hará una autovía entre Huesca y Bujaraloz para comunicar Gran Scala" [The Aragón Government will build a highway between Huesca and Bujaraloz to communicate Gran Scala] (JPG). Heraldo de Aragón (in Spanish). Zaragoza. 17 December 2007. p. 7. Retrieved 4 April 2010.
  13. ^ "Licitan el tramo entre Villaseca y Seseña de la Autovía de la Sagra". La Tribuna de Toledo (in Spanish). Toledo. 16 June 2009. Retrieved 5 April 2010. El tercer tramo de la autovía (que se desarrolla entre Villaseca de la Sagra y Seseña), tendrá 21 kilómetros y contará con un presupuesto de 91,1 millones de euros
  14. ^ a b "Las autovías de La Sagra y del IV Centenario estarán listas en 2010" [The Sagra and IV Centenario highways will be completed in 2010]. La Tribuna de Toledo (in Spanish). Toledo. 3 November 2009. Retrieved 5 April 2010. En 2010 estarán abiertas al tráfico las autovías de La Sagra, en el norte de Toledo, y la del IV Centenario, que en su primera fase unirá Ciudad Real y Valdepeñas y después llegará hasta la A32 a la altura de Alcaraz (Albacete).
  15. ^ Belén, Rodríguez (10 June 2009). "En un año habrá circulación por la nueva Autovía del IV Centenario" [Users will be able to travel the new IV Centenario Highway in a year]. Lanza digital (in Spanish). Ciudad Real: Diario Lanza. Retrieved 5 April 2010. De aquí a doce meses se podrá ir por autovía desde la capital hasta Granátula de Calatrava o acceder a los pueblos calatravos que aparecen en los nueve enlaces incluidos en los 28 kilómetros del primer tramo del trazado
  16. ^ The tolled autopista ends at Manresa, where a non-tolled autovía with the same name takes on.
  17. ^ a b c d "Duplicación de calzadas" [Roads to be twinned]. Ampliación de la Red de Carreteras 2007-2011 (in Spanish). Madrid: General Roads Directorate, Madrid Transports and Infrastructures regional Ministry. June 2007. Retrieved 6 April 2010. DESDOBLAMIENTO DE LA M-100 ENTRE ALCALÁ DE HENARES Y LA R-2
  18. ^ a b Contreras, Mercedes (10 October 2009). "Una autovía de 70 kilómetros de largo vertebrará 14 municipios del suroeste" [A 70 kilometre-long highway will connect 14 towns in the Southwest]. ABC (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 8 April 2010. Así, el tramo correspondiente a la M-600, en el que se invertirán según las previsiones 187,7 millones de euros, contará con 8 enlaces, mientras que en la zona de la M-404, con una inversión de de 303 millones, se construirán 16 enlaces más.
  19. ^ a b "Eliminación de cruces a nivel" [Removal of level crossings]. Ampliación de la Red de Carreteras 2007-2011 (in Spanish). Madrid: General Roads Directorate, Madrid regional Ministry of Transports and Infrastructures. June 2007. Retrieved 6 April 2010. SUSTITUCIÓN DE TRES ENLACES EN LA M-407
  20. ^ "La Comunidad transformará en autovía la M-407 al paso por Leganés". El Mundo (in Spanish). Madrid. EFE. 23 September 2009. Retrieved 9 April 2010.