List of avalanches

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This is an incomplete list of notable avalanches.

Death toll (estimate) Event Location Date
20,000 Huascarán avalanche; triggered by the 1970 Ancash earthquake[1] Peru 1970
10,000 White Friday (1916)[2] Italy 1916
4,000 Huascarán avalanche[1] Peru 1962
310 2015 Afghanistan avalanches Afghanistan 2015
265 Winter of Terror; series of 649 avalanches Austria-Switzerland 1951
201 (56 confirmed, 145 presumed dead) 2012 Afghanistan avalanches[3] Afghanistan 2012
200 Lahaul Valley avalanche[4] India 1979
172 2010 Salang avalanches; series of at least 36 avalanches Afghanistan 2010
155 1918 Mitsumata village avalanche[5] Japan 1918
138 2012 Gayari Sector avalanche Pakistan 2012
125 Kolka-Karmadon rock ice slide Russia 2002
107 Saint-Martin[6] (Hautes-Pyrénées) France 1600
102 2010 Kohistan avalanche Pakistan 2010
96 Wellington, Washington avalanche; deadliest avalanche in the United States United States 1910
90 Frank Slide Canada 1903
90 1922 Ōmi Train avalanche[7] Japan 1922
84 1938 Unazuki avalanche[8] Japan 1938
81 Pragelato Italy 1904
79 (57 confirmed 22 presumed dead) 1954 Blons avalanches Austria 1954
70 Frassino avalanche Italy 1885
65 Palm Sunday Avalanche; deadliest avalanche along Chilkoot Trail Alaska 1898
62 1910 Rogers Pass avalanche; deadliest avalanche in Canada Canada 1910
59 1993 Bayburt Üzengili avalanche Turkey 1993
55 Møre og Romsdal Norway 1679
50[citation needed] Siglunesi Iceland 1613
43 Lenin Peak[9] Kyrgyzstan 1990
43 2014 Nepal snowstorm disaster Nepal October 2014
42 1995 Gokyo avalanche[10] Nepal 1995
40 Puente del Inca avalanche[11] Argentina 1965
39 Val-d'Isère[12] France 1970
38 Huez-en-Oisans[13] France 1749
37 Ortiporio (Corsica) France 1934
32 Vallouise (Hautes-Alpes) France 1757
31 1999 Galtür avalanche Austria 1999
29 Rigopiano avalanche Italy 2017
28 Granduc Mine Avalanche[14] Canada 1965
24 Seyðisfjörður Iceland 1885
24 2017 Gurez sector avalanche India 2017
23 Balea Lac Romania 1977
21 Sogn og Fjordane Norway 1873
21 Lofoten Norway 1956
20 Hnífsdalur Iceland 1910
20 Flateyri Iceland 1995
18 Rybô[citation needed] Slovakia 1924
18 2015 Mount Everest avalanches; triggered by the April 2015 Nepal earthquake[15][16] Nepal April 2015
16 Low Tatras[17] Slovakia 1956
16 Vassdall Norway 1986
16 2014 Mount Everest avalanche Nepal April 2014
15 1972 Manaslu Nepal avalanche Nepal 1972
14 Súðavík Iceland 1995
12 Neskaupstaður Iceland 1974
12 High Tatras[18] Slovakia 1974
12 Montroc avalanche[19] France 1999
12 Kaprun avalanche Austria 2000
11 Flathead Valley avalanches Canada 2008
11 2009 Zigana avalanche Turkey 2009
11 Manaslu[20] Nepal 2012
10 2009 Afghan avalanches Afghanistan 2009
9 Seyðisfjörður Iceland 1732
9 Siglufjörður Iceland 1919
9 Cerro ventana avalanche[21] Argentina 2002
9 Mont Maudit avalanche[22] France 2012
9 Restelica Kosovo 2012
8 Lewes avalanche; deadliest avalanche in the United Kingdom United Kingdom 1836
7 Sankt Anton am Arlberg (Wolfsgruben avalanche) Austria 1988
7 2003 Connaught Creek Valley avalanche British Columbia 2003
7 Western Tatras Slovakia 2005
6 Oravska Magura Slovakia 1968
6 1970 Mount Everest disaster Nepal 1970
6 2009 Schalfkogel avalanche Austria 2009
6 Valfréjus avalanche France January 2016
5 Loveland Pass avalanche[23] United States 2013
5 2016 Geier avalanche Austria February 2016
3 1996 Mount Everest disaster[24] Nepal 1996
3 2009 Buachaille Etive Mòr avalanche United Kingdom 2009
3 2012 Tunnel Creek avalanche United States 2012

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Peru Earthquake: A Special Study". Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Oct 1970: 18. 
  2. ^ "Soldiers perish in avalanche as World War I rages". This Day in History. www.history.com. Retrieved 2015-04-27. 
  3. ^ "145 'presumed dead' in Afghan avalanche". ABC News. 2012-03-10. 
  4. ^ "The 10 Worst Snow Disasters in History". scientificamerican.com. 
  5. ^ ja:三俣の大雪崩 (Japanese language) Retrieved date on March 29, 2017.
  6. ^ Pierre Bernard Palassou, Nouveaux mémoires pour servir à l'histoire naturelle des Pyrénées et des pays adjacens, Pau, imp. Vignancour, 1823
  7. ^ ja:北陸線列車雪崩直撃事故 (Japanese language) Retrieved date on March 29, 2017.
  8. ^ ja:泡雪崩#歴史 (Japanese language) Retrieved date on March 29, 2017.
  9. ^ http://www.centralasia-travel.com/en/expeditions/lenin/history
  10. ^ Lee Allyn Davis (2008). Natural Disasters. Infobase Publishing. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-4381-1878-9. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  11. ^ http://archivo.losandes.com.ar/notas/2005/8/14/sociedad-163174.asp
  12. ^ Pudasaini, Shiva P.; Hutter, Kolumban (2007), Avalanche dynamics: dynamics of rapid flows of dense granular avalanches, シュプリンガー・ジャパン株式会社, p. 32, ISBN 978-3-540-32686-1 
  13. ^ Christophe Ancey, Vincent Bain, Dynamique des avalanches, Cemagref, 2006, ISBN 2-88074-648-5
  14. ^ "Rescue workers clear snow and debris after the Granduc mine avalanche near Stewart, B.C., in 1965 in which 28 people died". Vancouver Sun. Vancouversun.com. 2012-04-27. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  15. ^ Beaumont, Peter (2015-04-25). "Deadly Everest avalanche triggered by Nepal earthquake". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-04-25. 
  16. ^ Gopal Sharma and Ross Adkin (2015-04-25). "Devastating Nepal earthquake kills over 1,300, some in Everest avalanche". Reuters. Retrieved 2015-04-25. 
  17. ^ VRBA, Miloš, V lavinách a vánicích, Vsetín : Altituda, 2003, ISBN 80-86743-01-2
  18. ^ "Lavina ze Sedla nad Skokom". Hoslavia.utc.sk. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  19. ^ Agrawala, Shardul (2007), Climate change in the European Alps: adapting winter tourism and natural hazards management, OECD Publishing, p. 66, ISBN 978-92-64-03168-5 
  20. ^ "Avalanche kills climbers at one of world's highest peaks". CNN.com. 2012-09-23. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  21. ^ "Recordarán los seis años de la tragedia del cerro Ventana - Diario LMNeuquén". lmneuquen.com.ar. 
  22. ^ Allen, Peter (2012-07-12). "Climbers triggered Mont Blanc avalanche which killed three Britons". Telegraph. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  23. ^ "CAIC". Avalanche.state.co.us. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  24. ^ "Lopsang Sherpa, two others killed on Everest". Summit Journal 1996. Outside Online. 1996. Archived from the original on 2010-07-24. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 

External links[edit]