List of avalanches by death toll

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This is an incomplete list of notable avalanches.

Death toll (estimate) Event Location Date
1 22,000 Huascarán avalanche; triggered by the 1970 Ancash earthquake[1] Peru 1970
2 2,000−10,000 White Friday (1916)[2] Italy 1916
3 4,000 Huascarán avalanche[1] Peru 1962
4 310 2015 Afghanistan avalanches Afghanistan 2015
5 265 Winter of Terror; series of 649 avalanches Austria-Switzerland 1951
6 201 (56 confirmed, 145 presumed dead) 2012 Afghanistan avalanches[3] Afghanistan 2012
7 200 Lahaul Valley avalanche[4] India 1979
8 172 2010 Salang avalanches; series of at least 36 avalanches Afghanistan 2010
9 155 1918 Mitsumata village avalanche[5] Japan 1918
10 154[citation needed] 1918 Asahi village avalanche Japan 1918
11 138 2012 Gayari Sector avalanche Pakistan 2012
12 125 Kolka-Karmadon rock ice slide Russia 2002
13 107 Saint-Martin[6] (Hautes-Pyrénées) France 1600
14 102 2010 Kohistan avalanche Pakistan 2010
15 97 1992 Görmeç avalanche Turkey 1992
16 96 Wellington, Washington avalanche; deadliest avalanche in the United States United States 1910
17 90 1922 Ōmi Train avalanche[7] Japan 1922
18 84 1938 Unazuki avalanche[8] Japan 1938
19 81 Pragelato Italy 1904
20 79 (57 confirmed 22 presumed dead) 1954 Blons avalanches Austria 1954
21 70 Frassino avalanche Italy 1885
22 65 Palm Sunday Avalanche; deadliest avalanche along Chilkoot Trail (Alaska) United States 1898
23 62 1910 Rogers Pass avalanche; deadliest avalanche in Canada Canada 1910
24 59 1993 Bayburt Üzengili avalanche Turkey 1993
25 55 Møre og Romsdal Norway 1679
26 50[citation needed] Siglunesi Iceland 1613
27 43 Lenin Peak[9] Kyrgyzstan 1990
2014 Nepal snowstorm disaster Nepal October 2014
29 42 1995 Gokyo avalanche[10] Nepal 1995
30 41 2020 Van avalanches Turkey 2020
31 40 Puente del Inca avalanche[11] Argentina 1965
32 39 Val-d'Isère[12] France 1970
33 38 Huez-en-Oisans[13] France 1749
34 37 Ortiporio (Corsica) France 1934
35 32 Vallouise (Hautes-Alpes) France 1757
36 31 1999 Galtür avalanche Austria 1999
37 29 Rigopiano avalanche Italy 2017
38 28 Granduc Mine Avalanche[14] Canada 1965
39 24 Seyðisfjörður Iceland 1885
2017 Gurez sector avalanche India 2017
41 23 Bâlea Lake; deadliest avalanche in Romania Romania April 1977
42 22 2015 Mount Everest avalanches; triggered by the April 2015 Nepal earthquake[15][16] Nepal April 2015
43 21 Sogn og Fjordane Norway 1873
Lofoten Norway 1956
45 20 Hnífsdalur Iceland 1910
1995 Flateyri avalanche Iceland 1995
47 18 Rybô[17] Slovakia 1924
48 16 Low Tatras[18] Slovakia 1956
Vassdall Norway 1986
2014 Mount Everest avalanche Nepal April 2014
51 15 1972 Manaslu Nepal avalanche Nepal 1972
52 14 1995 Súðavík avalanche Iceland 1995
53 12 1974 Neskaupstaður avalanches Iceland 1974
High Tatras[19] Slovakia 1974
Montroc avalanche[20] France 1999
Kaprun avalanche Austria 2000
57 11 Flathead Valley avalanches Canada 2008
2009 Zigana avalanche Turkey 2009
Manaslu[21] Nepal 2012
60 10 2009 Afghan avalanches Afghanistan 2009
61 9 Seyðisfjörður Iceland 1732
Siglufjörður Iceland 1919
Cerro ventana avalanche[22] Argentina 2002
High Tatras (Rysy) Poland January 2003
Mont Maudit avalanche[23] France 2012
Restelica Kosovo 2012
Aru Range, Rutog County; two of the largest avalanches in history[24][25][26][27][28] China (Tibet) 2016
68 8 Lewes avalanche; deadliest avalanche in the United Kingdom United Kingdom 1836
69 7 Alpine Meadows (northern California) United States March 1983
Sankt Anton am Arlberg (Wolfsgruben avalanche) Austria 1988
2003 Connaught Creek Valley avalanche Canada 2003
Western Tatras Slovakia 2005
73 6 Oravska Magura Slovakia 1968
1970 Mount Everest disaster Nepal 1970
2009 Schalfkogel avalanche Austria 2009
Valfréjus avalanche France January 2016
77 5 Loveland Pass avalanche[29] (Colorado) United States 2013
2016 Geier avalanche Austria February 2016
79 3 1996 Mount Everest disaster[30] Nepal 1996
2009 Buachaille Etive Mòr avalanche United Kingdom 2009
2012 Tunnel Creek avalanche (Washington) United States 2012
2019 Howse Peak avalanche Canada 2019
2020 Silver Mountain avalanche (northern Idaho) United States 2020

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Peru Earthquake: A Special Study". Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Oct 1970: 18.
  2. ^ "Soldiers perish in avalanche as World War I rages". This Day in History. www.history.com. Retrieved 2015-04-27.
  3. ^ "145 'presumed dead' in Afghan avalanche". ABC News. 2012-03-10.
  4. ^ "The 10 Worst Snow Disasters in History". scientificamerican.com.
  5. ^ ja:三俣の大雪崩 (Japanese language) Retrieved date on March 29, 2017.
  6. ^ Pierre Bernard Palassou, Nouveaux mémoires pour servir à l'histoire naturelle des Pyrénées et des pays adjacens, Pau, imp. Vignancour, 1823
  7. ^ ja:北陸線列車雪崩直撃事故 (Japanese language) Retrieved date on March 29, 2017.
  8. ^ ja:泡雪崩#歴史 (Japanese language) Retrieved date on March 29, 2017.
  9. ^ "Historical background of Lenin Peak. The first expedition to Lenin Peak". www.centralasia-travel.com.
  10. ^ Lee Allyn Davis (2008). Natural Disasters. Infobase Publishing. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-4381-1878-9. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2015-11-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ Pudasaini, Shiva P.; Hutter, Kolumban (2007), Avalanche dynamics: dynamics of rapid flows of dense granular avalanches, シュプリンガー・ジャパン株式会社, p. 32, ISBN 978-3-540-32686-1
  13. ^ Christophe Ancey, Vincent Bain, Dynamique des avalanches, Cemagref, 2006, ISBN 2-88074-648-5
  14. ^ "Rescue workers clear snow and debris after the Granduc mine avalanche near Stewart, B.C., in 1965 in which 28 people died". Vancouver Sun. Vancouversun.com. 2012-04-27. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
  15. ^ Beaumont, Peter (2015-04-25). "Deadly Everest avalanche triggered by Nepal earthquake". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-04-25.
  16. ^ Gopal Sharma and Ross Adkin (2015-04-25). "Devastating Nepal earthquake kills over 1,300, some in Everest avalanche". Reuters. Retrieved 2015-04-25.
  17. ^ "90 rokov od najväčšej lavínovej tragédie na Slovensku" (in Slovak). Horská záchranná služba (Stredisko lavínovej prevencie) [Mountain Rescue Service of Slovakia (Center for Avalanche Prevention)]. Retrieved 2014-02-05.
  18. ^ VRBA, Miloš, V lavinách a vánicích, Vsetín : Altituda, 2003, ISBN 80-86743-01-2
  19. ^ "Lavina ze Sedla nad Skokom". Hoslavia.utc.sk. Archived from the original on 2014-04-20. Retrieved 2014-04-19.
  20. ^ Agrawala, Shardul (2007), Climate change in the European Alps: adapting winter tourism and natural hazards management, OECD Publishing, p. 66, ISBN 978-92-64-03168-5
  21. ^ "Avalanche kills climbers at one of world's highest peaks". CNN.com. 2012-09-23. Retrieved 2014-04-19.
  22. ^ "Recordarán los seis años de la tragedia del cerro Ventana - Diario LMNeuquén". lmneuquen.com.ar.
  23. ^ Allen, Peter (2012-07-12). "Climbers triggered Mont Blanc avalanche which killed three Britons". Telegraph. Retrieved 2014-04-19.
  24. ^ "Avalanche buries 9 in Tibet". China Internet Center. 18 July 2016. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  25. ^ "Tibet: Nine killed in an avalanche". The Indian Express. 18 July 2016. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  26. ^ Ben Guarino (12 December 2016). "A Tibetan glacier mysteriously collapsed and killed 9. Now researchers offer answers". Washington Post. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  27. ^ "Massive and Mysterious Ice Avalanche in Tibet". NASA Earth Observatory. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  28. ^ "A Second Massive Ice Avalanche in Tibet". NASA Earth Observatory. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  29. ^ "CAIC". Avalanche.state.co.us. Retrieved 2014-04-19.
  30. ^ "Lopsang Sherpa, two others killed on Everest". Summit Journal 1996. Outside Online. 1996. Archived from the original on 2010-07-24. Retrieved 2014-04-18.

External links[edit]