List of avian humanoids

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Huitzilopochtli, national god of the Aztecs.

Avian humanoids (people with the characteristics of birds) are a common motif in folklore and popular fiction, mainly found in Greek, Roman, Manipuri, Hindu, Persian mythology, etc.


Vishnu riding Garuda
A winged human-headed Apkallu holding a bucket and a pine cone. From Nimrud, Iraq. 883-859 BCE. Ancient Orient Museum, Istanbul

Folklore[edit]

Horus with the head of a falcon

Fiction[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ptolemy Hephaestion, New History Book 6 (summary from Photius, Myriobiblon 190) (trans. Pearse)
  2. ^ Allen, James W. (2000). Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-77483-3.
  3. ^ Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/830
  4. ^ "A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, Ea'rinus, Fla'vius, E'ntochus, Eos". www.perseus.tufts.edu.
  5. ^ commons:File:Eris_Antikensammlung_Berlin_F1775.jpg[circular reference]
  6. ^ commons:File:Cassel_Painter_-_Kalpis_with_Toilette_Scene_with_Two_Women_and_Eros_-_Walters_4878_-_Side_A_Detail.jpg[circular reference]
  7. ^ Robert E. Buswell Jr.; Donald S. Lopez Jr. (2013). The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism. Princeton University Press. pp. 314–315. ISBN 978-1-4008-4805-8.
  8. ^ Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books. p. 145. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6.
  9. ^ Helmuth von Glasenapp (1999). Jainism: An Indian Religion of Salvation. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 532. ISBN 978-81-208-1376-2.
  10. ^ Scholiast on Hesiod's Theogony, referring to Stesichoros' Geryoneis
  11. ^ "GERYON (Geryones) - Three-Bodied Giant of Greek Mythology". www.theoi.com.
  12. ^ Homer. Odyssey, Book 20.66 & 77
  13. ^ Ovid. Metamorphoses vii.4
  14. ^ Wilkinson, Richard H. (2003). The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson. p. 202.
  15. ^ Budge, E. A. Wallis. The Gods of the Egyptians Volume 1 of 2. New York: Dover Publications, 1969 (original in 1904). Vol. 1 p. 401
  16. ^ Homer, Iliad 8. 397 ff
  17. ^ Homer, Iliad 11. 185 ff
  18. ^ "A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, Iacchus, Irenaeus, Iris". www.perseus.tufts.edu.
  19. ^ Wilkinson, Richard H. (2003). The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-05120-7.
  20. ^ Griffiths, J. Gwyn (1980). The Origins of Osiris and His Cult. Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-06096-8.
  21. ^ "China: 'Master Thunder (Lei Gong)', a Ming Dynasty hanging silk scroll from 1542, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York". AKG Images. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  22. ^ S. A. Barrett (1919-03-27). "Myths of the Southern Sierra Miwok". University of California Publications in American Archeology and Ethnology. 16 (1): 1–28.
  23. ^ Grimal, s.v. Morpheus, p. 296; Griffin, p. 243; Ovid, Metamorphoses https://www.loebclassics.com/view/ovid-metamorphoses/1916/pb_LCL043.167.xml
  24. ^ Jean-François, 1790-1832, Champollion (July 1, 2014). "English: Panthéon égyptien, collection des personnages mythologiques de l'ancienne Égypte, d'apres les monuments; / avec un texte explicatif par M. J. F. Champollion le jeune, et les figures d'apres les dessins de M. L. J. J. Dubois" – via Wikimedia Commons.
  25. ^ commons:File:Diosa_Neit_(M.A.N.)-01.jpg[circular reference]
  26. ^ "Mesomedes: Hymn to Nemesis (From Greek)".
  27. ^ Bailey, James; Ivanova, Tatyana (1998). An Anthology of Russian Folk Epics. M.E. Sharpe. p. 27. ISBN 978-0873326414.
  28. ^ "NIKE - Greek Goddess of Victory (Roman Victoria)". www.theoi.com.
  29. ^ "Home". www.penobscotnation.org.
  30. ^ Hart, George (1986). A Dictionary of Egyptian Gods and Goddesses. London, England: Routledge & Kegan Paul Inc. pp. 179–182. ISBN 978-0-415-05909-1.
  31. ^ "SOL Search". www.cs.uky.edu.
  32. ^ Ashliman, D. L. (2008). "Swan Maidens | Folktales of Type 400". Retrieved 5 October 2018. The myth of the Swan Maiden is one of the most widely distributed and at the same time one of the most beautiful stories ever evolved from the mind of man.--Edwin Sidney Hartland
  33. ^ Routledge, Scoresby, Mrs; Routledge, Katherine (1917). "The Bird Cult of Easter Island". Folklore. 28 (4): 337–355. JSTOR 1255484. An "iviatua," a divinely-gifted individual, dreamed that a certain man was favoured by the gods, so that if he entered for the race he would be a winner, or, in technical parlance, become a bird-man or " tangata manu"; it was also ordained that he should then take a new name, which formed part of the revelation, and this bird-name was given to the year in which victory was achieved, thus forming an easily remembered system of chronology.
  34. ^ de Visser, M. W. (1908). "The Tengu". Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan. 36 (2): 25–99.
  35. ^ "Euphronios Krater: The Continuing Saga (ca. 515 BC) - Ancient History Blog".
  36. ^ Paltock, R.; Bullen, A.H. (1884). The Life and Adventures of Peter Wilkins. The Life and Adventures of Peter Wilkins. Reeves & Turner. p. xvi and passim. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  37. ^ "Perdido Street Station By China Miéville". Penguin Random House. Retrieved 5 October 2018.

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