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List of aviation shootdowns and accidents during the Syrian civil war

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During the course of the Syrian Civil War aviation shootdowns, incidents and accidents have taken place between different state and non-state actors. According to the website Strategy Page, by mid 2013, nearly a hundred fixed-wing and over a hundred helicopters were lost. Some 400 aircrew have been killed, captured, or missing.[1] Public observation via Google Earth of Syrian airfields shows a decreasing number of airframes parked in the open in contrast to the increasing number of recorded air sorties. The hubs of Syrian Air Force basing activity prior to and during the Syrian Civil War have been the airfields at Aleppo, Damascus, Latakia and Hama.

Syrian Air Force strength during the Syrian Civil War (as of September 2014)[2]
Year Air Force personnel Combat aircraft Attack helicopters
2011
100,000
555
36
2014
63,000
295
25

However, most of the losses can actually be attributed to paper write-offs: usually when an armed confrontation starts, the paper numbers about the national armed forces circulating before the war account for several vehicles which were actually abandoned or not serviced or in a general poor maintenance status.[citation needed] In the Syrian example, MiG-23MS, older MiG-21 versions, Su-20 (which is an older variant of the active Su-22), nearly all the MiG-25 and several other air-frames were already in disrepair before the war started.[citation needed]

Due to external support by Iran and Russia, the combat readiness of the Syrian Arab Air Force actually increased over the years of the civil war,[3] with the resources being rationalized towards useful assets and wider availability of service and parts for the remaining air-frames.

As usual during an armed confrontation, it is impossible to determine the cause of every single crash, because opposing parties may claim the aircraft was shot down by their forces, while the side flying the aircraft claims it was accidental. In some instances, even the presence of a video does not clarify what happened, since a flash may be due to an antiaircraft shell or an engine explosion.

The list below includes both manned and unmanned aircraft.

2012

  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 20 June 2012 – A SyAAF Mil Mi-8 helicopter was shot down over Idlib.[4]
  • Roundel of Turkey.svg 22 June 2012 – A Turkish RF-4E Phantom reconnaissance aircraft was shot down by the Syrian Arab Air Defense over the sea near the Turkish-Syrian border while on mission. Both pilots were killed.[5] Turkey has stated the reconnaissance aircraft was in international airspace when it was shot down, while Syrian authorities stated it was inside Syrian airspace.[6]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 13 August 2012 –A Syrian MiG-23 was filmed catching fire in flight, while automatic gunfire was heard on the background while the fighter aircraft was flying at low altitude in a level flight. The pilot ejected, and was captured and interrogated by the rebels on video.[7]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 25 August 2012 – A Syrian L-39 Albatros jet crashed after ground attack mission on Idlib.[8]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 27 August 2012 – A Mi-8 or Mi-17 helicopter shot down over Damascus, possibly hit by a ZU-23-2 antiaircraft gun.[9]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 30 August 2012 – A MiG-21 likely downed on takeoff or landing at Abu Dhuhur air base by heavy machine gun fire while under siege by rebels.[10]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 5 October 2012 – Syrian rebels shot down a Syrian Army Mi-8 helicopter.[11]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 13 October 2012 – Loss of an L-39ZA Albatros, possibly by 23 millimeter anti-aircraft fire, near Khan al-Asal with the crew, Lt. Col. Haitham Ismail Zhuneida and Lt. Mohammed Salman Mohammed, being killed as they ejected at low altitude.[12][13]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 15 October 2012 – A L-39 Albatros was downed near al-Taana in the east of Aleppo by rebel ground fire. Both pilots, Cap. Roni Ibrahim and Maj. Moti Shaaban Abbas, ejected and were captured. An Al Jazeera reporter, which reported the aircraft as a "MiG", managed to interview Ibrahim, while Abbas is said to have died in captivity. Ibrahim showed signs of having brawled with his captors and denied previous knowledge of Syrian civilians being targeted by airstrikes.[12][14]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 17 October 2012 – A Mi-8 helicopter was shot down over Damascus, exploding in midair.[15]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 5 November 2012 – A SyAAF Mi-17, tail number 2968, was shot down by Al-Farouq Battalions AA fire and crashed inside Tadmor AB. The fate of the crew is unknown, although some unconfirmed reports stated that 11 personnel were killed in this incident.[16]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 28 November 2012 – A video showing the crash site of a large jet fighter was posted with rebels claiming they shot it down with an 9K310 Igla-1 MANPADS. The heavily burned out aircraft wreck has been identified as a Su-24MK2.[17][18]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 5 December 2012 – A SyAAF Mil Mi-8 attack helicopter is shot down by Syrian rebels over Anjara.[19]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 5 December 2012 – A SyAAF Mil Mi-8 helicopter crew was captured after it was shot down in Abu Kamal by Syrian rebels.[20]

2013

  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 5 January 2013 – A SyAAF Mil Mi-8 downed near Taftanaz air base in Idlib.[21]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 11 January 2013 – The Free Syrian Army units invaded Taftanaz air base. They took control of at least 5 helicopters some oprationals and ohers not.[22]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 3 February 2013 – SyAAF Mil Mi-8 downed in Mansoura area near Al Tabaqa town in Raqqa province.[23]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 5 February 2013 – A SyAAF MiG-23 destroyed on ground during al-Nusra Front attack at the Abu al-Duhur Military Airbase in Idlib.[24]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 14 February 2013 – A Sukhoi Su-22 was shot down by rebel forces using a MANPADS launcher.[25]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 25 February 2013 – SyAAF Mil Mi-8 helicopter shot down by rebels near Mennegh Air Base, close to the border with Turkey using a FN-6 MANPADS.[26]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 4 March 2013 – Rebels shoot down Mil Mi-17 helicopter near Menagh airbase by Aleppo.[27]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 12 April 2013 – A SyAAF supply helicopter Mil Mi-17 that was ferrying food and supplies to trapped soldiers in Wadi is shot down.[28]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 12 June 2013 - Liwa al Islam shoots down and recovers an Ababil-3 drone in Damascus.[29][30]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 25 June 2013 – SyAAF Su-22M-3 shot down by rebels near Tabqa airbase.[31]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 18 July 2013 – Syrian rebels shot down a Syrian Arab Army helicopter causing it to explode on impact.[32]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 18 August 2013 – A Syrian MiG jet fighter (probably a MIG-23) is shot down by rebel fighters (allegedly by a 9K38 Igla Anti-aircraft weapon) and the pilot ejects from aircraft in Latakia.[33]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 10 September 2013 – A SyAAF MiG-21 fighter on fire is filmed crashing down in Idlib. The jet fighter was allegedly brought down by FSA rebel fire.[34]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 16 September 2013 – A Mil Mi-17 helicopter was shot down by a Turkish Air Force F-16 in Latakia province near the Turkish border.[35] The helicopter fell 1 km inside the Syrian territory.[36]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 4 October 2013 – One Mil Mi-17 helicopter was lost in an air-to-air accident when it hit the tail of a Syrian passenger plane on 28 February 2013, with the airliner landing safely at Damascus airport.[37][38]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 7 December 2013 - A Syrian Yasir UAV crashed in the Qalamoun mountains.[29]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 19 December 2013 - A Syrian Ababil-3 is lost over the town of Al Ghanto in Homs.[29]

2014

  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 16 January 2014 – The Syrian rebels claim shooting down a Syrian Mi-8 or Mi-17 helicopter with a 9K33 Osa SAM system.[39]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 23 March 2014 – A SyAAF MiG-23 was shot down by a Turkish Air Force F-16, when it allegedly entered Turkish air space during a ground attack mission against Al Qaeda-linked insurgents.[40] The pilot ejected and managed to return to a Syrian Army checkpoint and denies violating Turkish air space. The plane crashed one kilometer inside the Syrian territory.[41]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 9 April 2014 - A Syrian Yasir UAV is shot down over the Qalamoun area.[42]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 21 May 2014 - An Ababil-3, serial number R-1003 crashed due to a technical failure over Mleha town in Damascus countryside by Jaysh al Islam.[29]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 23 June 2014 – A SyAAF MiG-23BN shot Down by Al Muthanna Bin Haretha battalion in the eastern Qalamoun area to the north of Damascus.[43]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 30 June 2014 – SyAAF pilot Brig.General Bassam Ali Muhammad was shot down during an attack sortie against ground targets in the county of Hama governorate while flying his MiG-21, but both sides did not confirm whether it was brought down by an AA gun or a MANPADS. The aircraft crashed 10 km to the east of Hama airforce base as reported by rebels observers.[44]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 18 August 2014 – A SyAAF MiG-23 has either crashed (according to government reports) or was shot down (as per reports of rebels). The aircraft, tail number 617, based in Hama airforce base, was actually an MF variant and piloted by Major Aref Amin Bsesini (born in 1984) who died in the crash.[45]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 12 September 2014 – Syrian militant Sham Legion brigade fired a 9M133 Kornet, destroying a Syrian transport helicopter Mil Mi-17 after landing at a military airbase in Idlib Governorate.[46]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 16 September 2014 – The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant claimed that it shot down a war plane (probably MiG-21) conducting an airstrike on Raqqa city.[47]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 23 September 2014 – One SyAAF Su-24 was shot down by an Israeli Air Force MIM-104 Patriot missile system, when it allegedly crossed the Syrian-Israeli ceasefire line during a ground attack mission against Al Qaeda insurgents.[48]
  • (2) 21 October 2014 – Syrian minister of information Omran al-Zoubi claimed Syrian air force fighters had shot down two jets flown by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant as they attempted to land at Jirah Military Airbase.[49][50] Media reports had claimed ISIS was flying three captured Syrian jets, variously identified as MiG-21s, MiG-23s or L-39s. A brief video posted by the group claimed to show one of the jets in flight.[51][52][53]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 21 October 2014 – Syrian rebels used a TOW missile to destroy a SyAAF L-39ZA sitting on a runway at the Aleppo airport.[54]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 10 November 2014 – A Syrian MiG-21bis, tail number 2204, operating from Hama AFB and piloted by Col. Tha'er Aref Saqqour was downed 45 km to the east of the airbase near Sabboura town.[55]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 12 November 2014 – A SyAAF MiG-23 fighter took a hit from a Syrian rebel TOW missile at the Aleppo airport.[56]
  • Roundel of the USAF 30 November 2014 – A USAF F-16CJ departing for a night combat mission against the Islamic State had a mechanical malfunction shortly after takeoff. The plane crashed and the pilot was killed.[57]
  • Israeli Air Force Roundel 21 December 2014 – Syrian sources claimed a Skylark UAV crashed in Quneitra during a reconnaissance mission. The IDF said it had no knowledge of a UAV in the area at the time but photos of the drone released showed the Israeli Skylark UAV.[58]
  • Roundel of the Royal Jordanian Air Force 24 December 2014 – A Royal Jordanian Air Force F-16AM crashed near Raqqa, Syria, and its pilot, Flight Lieutenant Muath al-Kasasbeh, was captured by Islamic State militants.[59] Initially reported as shot down by enemy fire, the ISIL reported it downed the F-16 with a MANPADS while it was flying at low altitude. Later, the US CENTCOM rejected the claim, ruling out hostile fire as the cause of the crash, without further details.[60]

2015

  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 18 January 2015 – A Syrian Air Force Antonov An-26 transport plane crashed while attempting to land at the besieged Abu al-Duhur military airport, killing all 30 soldiers on board.[61] The cause of the crash was disputed, with the government blaming the crash to heavy fog while Al-Nusra claiming they shot it down it.[62]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 30 January 2015 – ISIS claimed it shot down a Syrian Air Force fighter MiG-21bis in Bir Qassab area of Damascus.[63]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 17 February 2015 – A SyAAF helicopter was reportedly downed by the al-Qaida-linked Nusra Front over a military base in Syria's northwestern province of Idlib.[64]
  • Roundel of the USAF 17 March 2015 – A US MQ-1 Predator combat drone was shot down by a Syrian Air Defense Force S-125 missile while on intelligence flight near the coastal town of Latakia.[65]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 22 March 2015 – A Syrian Navy Mil Mi-14 helicopter crashed or was downed over opposition held rural Idlib. At least one crew member was summarily executed by rebels on the spot, four were taken captive, and one remains unaccounted for.[66][67]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 20 April 2015 – A SyAAF L-39 operating from Kweres AFB crashed near the Military Housing due to a technical failure resulting in the death of the co-pilot Captain Ali Zaher while the pilot ejected safely and was returned to base.[68]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 24 April 2015 – ISIS downed a Syrian MiG-23ML flying east of Khalkhalah air base in Sweida province. Pro-ISIS Twitter accounts claimed jihadist groups had captured the pilot, but later evidence suggested the pilot, Hassan Mohamed Mahmoud, shot himself to avoid capture.[69] Syrian television reported that the aircraft crashed due to "technical problems" on a training exercise and that the search for the pilot was ongoing.[70][71]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel May 2015 – One Su-24M2 was heavily damaged by anti-aircraft fire and crashed while returning to base. Both the pilot and navigator ejected safely.[72]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 16 May 2015 – Two Turkish Air Force F-16s shot down a Syrian Mohajer-4 UAV firing two AIM-9 missiles after it trespassed into Turkish airspace for 5 minutes. Witnesses on the ground reported seeing the target after being hit by the chasing F-16 breaking in three pieces before crashing on the Syrian side of the border. Initially Turkey claimed it was a helicopter, but later confirmed it was an UAV.[73][74]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel (2) 20 May 2015 – During the Tadmur offensive (2015), ISIL captured Tadmur airbase. Two Mi-17s were found destroyed on the runway, and analysts suspected many MiGs were stored in the base; however, most if not all of them are in a derelict status.[75]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 24 May 2015 – A Syrian military Mi-17 helicopter crashed near the Kweyris air base in Aleppo, which ISIL has besieged for over a year. All the crew composed of three people died. While the government claimed it crashed due to technical failure, ISIL sources claimed it was shot down.[76]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel (2) 28 May 2015 – Two Su-24s were believed to have been destroyed on the ground, while being rearmed, during which an explosion occurred, resulting in the death of at least five and wounding another dozen.[72]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 11 June 2015 – A SyAAF Su-24 exploded in midair and crashed in the eastern countryside of Dara'a near Nahta village. While the Southern Front of the Free Syrian Army brigade Yarmouk Army claimed they shot it down when passing over the Brigade 52 base with 23mm AA fire, the damage suggests a midair weapon explosion as the cause of the crash.[77][78]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 13 June 2015 – Around 00:25 in the morning, a SyAAF Mil Mi-8/17 (serial number unknown) and piloted by Lieutenant Col. Ahmad Saleh and Lieutenant Col. Muhammad Khaddour, was shot down by ISIS shortly after it took off from Kweres airforce base (Aviation Academy). The crew including a third First Lieutenant Humam Ali was killed.[79]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 25 June 2015 – A SyAAF Mil Mi-25 operating from Blai air base has reportedly crashed in the northern county of Homs governorate near Izz Eddin village, killing the crew. Rebels claimed shooting down the helicopter while government media stated it was another tehnical failure. Crew consisted of Brig. General pilot Samir Al-Shekha, Captain Rami Mustafa and first lieutenant Alaa' ِAhmad Al-Ali .[80]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 28 June 2015 – A SyAAF MiG-21bis (serial number unknown) operating from Deir Ez-Zor airbase and piloted by Brig. General Suheil Omran, crashed to the east of the airfield, killing the pilot. ISIS reports stated that the aircraft is shot down by AA fire.[81]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 3 August 2015 – A Syrian Air Force MiG-21bis, departed from Hama Air Force base, crashed into a marketplace in the north-western town of Ariha during a bombing run when the pilot could not pull up after bomb release. The pilot died in the crash and several others were killed on the ground.[82]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 26 August 2015 – A SyAAF L-39 piloted by Col. Mazen Ghanm fell down due to a technical failure and crashed to the south of the airbase resulting in the death of the pilot.[83]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 15 September 2015 – A Syrian Mi-17 helicopter was shot down when it was targeted by a MANPADS shortly after takeoff. A first shot strayed away, while a second missile shot the aircraft down killing the crew.[84]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 17 September 2015 – A Syrian Air Force Sukhoi Su-22M4 crashed near the Jazal Oil Field area. Insurgents claimed they shot it down.[85]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 8 October 2015 – A SyAAF helicopter was downed near the village of Kafr Nabouda in northern Hama.[86]
  • Russian Air Force Roundel 16 October 2015 – An Orlan-10 Russian made (UAV) was downed by a Turkish F-16, after it had violated the Turkish airspace, near borders with Latakia.[87][88]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 4 November 2015 – A Syrian MiG-23, was downed by AA fire in northwest Hama, near the town of Kafr Nabuda, where fighting has been raging between insurgents and government forces backed by air cover. The pilot was killed in action.[89]
  • Russian Air Force Roundel 24 November 2015 – A Russian Sukhoi Su-24M was shot down by a Turkish Air Force F-16 near the Syria–Turkey border, with both sides arguing about the actual position of the stricken aircraft, either hit on the Turkish or Syrian side of the border. Both crew members ejected, the pilot killed by ground fire from Syrian Turkmen Brigade militants,[90] the Weapon System Officer was rescued by a CSAR mission.[91]
  • Russian Air Force Roundel 24 November 2015 – Two Russian Mi-8AMTsh helicopters were sent to find and recover the pilots from the crash site of the Su-24M downed before. One of the helicopters was damaged by small-arms fire from Syrian Turkmen Brigade militants, resulting in the death of a naval infantryman co-pilot, and was forced to make an emergency landing.[92] All the surviving crew of the helicopter were rescued and evacuated later on.[93] The Free Syrian Army rebels claimed that they subsequently destroyed the helicopter using a US-made BGM-71 TOW missile.[92]

2016

  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 12 March 2016 – A Syrian MiG-21 was shot down by Jaysh al-Nasr over Hama near Kafr Nabudah. There were conflicting accounts of how it was brought down, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported the warplane had been downed by two heat-seeking missiles, while Jaysh al-Nasr militants say they shot it down with anti-aircraft guns.[94] Video evidence suggesting it was a MANPADS. Pilot ejected, but died, either killed by ground fire while descending or by other causes.[95]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 5 April 2016 – The al-Nusra Front reportedly downed a Su-22 jet likely using a MANPADS in Aleppo near al-Eiss village while on a reconnaissance mission.[96][97] The pilot was captured by rebel forces.[98] Some sources state that the plane was actually downed by Ahrar Al-Sham, a coalition of Islamist and Salafist units, and handed the pilot to Al-Qaeda affiliated Al-Nusra.[99]
  • Russian Air Force Roundel 12 April 2016 – A Russian Air Force Mil Mi-28N, crashed near Homs, killing its crew of two.[100]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 22 April 2016 – A Syrian MiG-23ML of No. 67 squadron piloted by Capt. Azzam Eid and operating from Al-Dumayr Military Airport, tail number 2754, crashed to the east of Tal Dakwa mountains in the eastern countryside of Damascus. An engine failure was blamed to be the cause of the crash according to the Syrian Armed Forces, while the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant claimed it was shot down with an Anti Aircraft weapon, but apparently did not claim responsibility.[101] The pilot ejected and was likely captured by enemy forces.[102]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 19 June 2016 – A Syrian MiG-21 crashed shortly after takeoff at Hama airbase, killing its pilot and two people on the ground on impact. The aircraft, apparently a MiG-21bis variant, came down to a technical failure shortly after takeoff during which the pilot reported a technical problem.[citation needed]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 27 June 2016 – A Syrian MiG-23BN crashed killing its pilot.[103]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 1 July 2016 – A Syrian Su-22M3 crashed near Jairood town in the Qalamoun region due to what the local insurgents themselves described as "technical failure".[104] The pilot was captured by Jaish Al-Islam and later executed.[105]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 1 July 2016 – A Syrian Mi-25 was shot down by rebels in Jurud Al-Qalamoun resulting in the death of three crew members.[106]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 5 July 2016 – A Syrian Arab Air Force MiG-23 from As Seen air base crashed in flames near Maydaa, in Eastern Ghouta, supposedly killing its pilot, Ali Shawkat Soleiman.[107]
  • Roundel of the USAF 5 July 2016 – A US MQ-9 Reaper combat drone crashed in Syria close to Tabqua. The remains of the drone were destroyed in an air-strike to prevent it from falling into enemy hands.[108]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 14 July 2016 – A Syrian MiG-21 crashed in the Deir ez-Zor region, killing its pilot.[109] It is not known if it crashed due to technical issues or shot down by Islamic State forces as they claimed and incorrectly identified the aircraft as a MiG-23.[110]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 20 July 2016– A SyAAF L-39ZO operating from T4 air base and piloted by Col. Salman Suleiman and 1st Ltnt. Ghadir Eid was shot down by AAA in eastern rural of Hama governorate resulting in the death of both pilots.[111]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 28 July 2016 – Syrian sources reported that pilot Major Mohammad Suleiman Ismail whom was flying a MiG-23ML took off from Nasriyeh AB and died when his aircraft hit the ground in Qalamoun mounts area.[112]
  • Russian Air Force Roundel 1 August 2016 – A Russian Mi-8AMTSh transport helicopter was shot down by ground fire in the Idlib Governorate while returning to the Khmeimim Air Base. Three crew members and two officers from Russia's Reconciliation Center in Syria were killed on what was a humanitarian mission, according to Russia's Ministry of Defence.[113]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 2 September 2016 – Rebels released a footage of a TOW ATGM hitting SyAAF Aérospatiale Gazelle while landing on an airstrip near Khattab in Northern Hama. The helicopter exploded in mid-air and both pilots were killed.[114]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 4 September 2016 – A SyAAF L-39 crashed nearby Sadad town, around 50 km to the south of Homs city. The pilot died in the crash. It is not clear whether the jet crashed for technical malfunction or was shot down.[115]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 18 September 2016 – ISIS fighters succeeded in shooting down a SyAAF MiG-21 which crashed at Al-Thardah mount area near Deir ez-Zor air base, killing the pilot.[116]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 21 September 2016 – ISIS fighters claimed shooting down a SyAAF plane, according to testimonies registered on social networks it is a MiG-23 fighter planethat has wrecked near the airbase of Al-Dumayr, 40 kilometers from the capital.[citation needed]
  • Russian Air Force Roundel 3 November 2016 – A Russian Mi-35 made an emergency landing near Syria's Palmyra city, and was hit and destroyed - possibly by an unguided recoilless weapon at after it touched down, but the crew returned safely to the Khmeimim air base.[117]
  • Russian Air Force Roundel 14 November 2016 – A MiG-29KUB crashed en route back to the carrier following a planned mission over Syria after a previous MiG landing on the Admiral Kuznetsov snapped one of its arrestor cables which prevented the aircraft from landing before running out of fuel. Pilot ejected and survived.[118]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 3 December 2016 – A SyAAF L-39 operating from Neyrab air base crashed nearby the citadel of Aleppo. The crash most likely occurred due to a technical failure; both pilots were killed.[119]
  • Russian Air Force Roundel 3 December 2016 – The Russian Navy's Admiral Kuznetsov air wing suffered another loss when a Sukhoi Su-33 Flanker-D combat aircraft crashed into the sea after the plane snapped the arrestor cable. Pilot ejected and survived.[120]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 10 December 2016 – A Syrian Air Force MiG-23MLD crashed in Hayyan field in eastern rural are of Homs governorate; the pilot ejected and was recovered by friendly forces. Government media claimed plane crashed because of a technical failure while ISIS are claimed they shot it down.[121]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 19 December 2016 – A SyAAF Aérospatiale Gazelle was shot down by ISIS in T4 air base surroundings. The Gazelle was piloted by Brig. Gen. Khedr Al-Hussain and Major Abbas Yunes, both were killed.[122]

2017

  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel (2) 6 January 2017 – Two SyAAF L-39ZA were destroyed while parked in their shelters at Deir ez-Zor airbase by two anti-tank missiles fired by IS forces besieging the airport.[123]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 5 February 2017 – A SyAAF Su-22M3 operating from Neyrab AB and piloted by Lieutenant Col. Bassel Saleh crashed on the approach to land in the said airfield resulting in the death of the pilot.[124]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 4 March 2017 – A SyAAF MiG-21bis from No. 679 squadron operating from Hama AB and piloted by Col. Mohammad Sawfan was shot down by rebels and subsequently crashed in Turkish territory nearby the borders; the pilot in question has successfully ejected but been arrested by Turkish soldiers and taken to a hospital in Antakya. The pilot returned to service and was latter known that the mission was his first sortie after suspension years before. A recording of the last conversation between the pilot and the ground controller, clearly shows the pilot disorientation due to a technical failure with a malfunctioning compass first then the whole navigation system. After that the pilot could not recognize his way back to base, as requested by the ground controller and ended under range of AAA of Ahrar Al-Sham rebels.[125]
  • Israeli Air Force Roundel 20 March 2017 – An Israeli Skylark UAV crashed in Quneitra during a reconnaissance mission, Israeli military acknowledged the lost.[126]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel (9) 7 April 2017 – A U.S. attack allegedly destroyed several aircraft on the ground at Shayrat Air Base. Reports from Russian sources said 9 planes (all would be of the model MiG-23) were destroyed.[127][128][129]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 16 April 2017 – 40 Grad rockets were fired by Jaysh al-Izza and Jaysh al-Nasr at Hama airbase. The airbase was temporarily put out of action, and amongst the damage caused to it, Jaysh Al-Nasr made a claim that at least one MiG-21 were destroyed on the ground.[130]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 27 April 2017 – A Syrian UAV was shot down by an Israeli Air Force MIM-104 Patriot Air Defense system which fired two missiles against the target.[131]
  • Roundel of the USAF 27 May 2017 - One RQ-21A UAV was reported shot down over Tartus.[132]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 5 June 2017 – A SyAAF MiG-21, tail number 2797, operating from Dmeyr air base and piloted by Brig. General Kamil Ahmad Smita was shot down by rebels and the pilot died after being shot by ground fire after ejecting, the plane crashed in Tal Dakwa area (around 30 km to the south east of Dmeyr AB).[133]
  • Iranian Air Force roundel 8 June 2017 – An Iranian IRGC armed drone Shahed 129 was shot down by Coalition Forces In Syria. U.S. Army Colonel Ryan Dillon, the spokesman for Combined Joint Task Force-Operation Inherent Resolve (CJTF-OIR), the top American task force leading the fight against ISIS in Iraq and Syria, announced the incident in talking to the press on June 8, 2017. The apparent attack had occurred earlier the same day and U.S. F-15E Strike Eagle fighters had responded by shooting down the pilotless plane.[134]
  • Roundel of the Royal Jordanian Air Force 15 June 2017 – A Jordanian Selex ES Falco combat drone was shot down by a Syrian MiG-23MLD in the vicinity of the Syrian town of Daraa using a R-24R missile.[135]
  • Roundel of the Royal Jordanian Air Force 16 June 2017 – A second Jordanian Selex ES Falco combat drone was shot down by a Syrian MiG-23MLD in the vicinity of the Syrian town of Daraa using a R-24R missile.[135]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 18 June 2017 – a SyAAF government plane was shot down by a U.S. aircraft. US military confirmed a U.S. F/A-18E Super Hornet (AJ302)[136] shot down a Syrian government Sukhoi Su-22[137][138] after it dropped bombs near U.S.-led coalition-partnered SDF fighters over the village of Ja' Din, south of Tabqa[139] using an AIM-9X Sidewinder that missed,[140][136] apparently lured away by decoy flares from the Su-22,[136] then an AIM-120 AMRAAM.[141][142] The Syrian pilot ejected successfully.[136]
  • Iranian Air Force roundel 20 June 2017 – A U.S. F-15E Strike Eagle intercepted and shot down[143] an armed Iranian IRGC Shahed 129 combat drone near al-Tanf, southern Syria, after threatening U.S. ground forces. This is the second Iranian drone shot down by U.S.-led coalition forces over Syria in a month.[144]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 21 June 2017 – A SyAAF Mi-8/17 Hip helicopter crashed after takeoff from the airport of Qamishli, as a result of a technical malfunction. Other sources reported it was damaged over Deir Ez-zor by IS anti aircraft fire and the pilot managed to fly back to Qamishli and crash land. The crew survived.[145]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 2 July 2017 – ISIS forces destroyed a SyAAF Mi-17 immediately after landing at the area of Al Assad Hospital at the western part of Deir Ez-Zor city by targeting it by an ATGM. The helicopter in question was said to be delivering food and medication from Qamishli with four persons on board, all reported killed.[146]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 15 August 2017 – A Syrian MiG 23BN piloted by lieutenant colonel Ali Al Helw was shot down by Jaysh Usud al-Sharqiya near the border with Jordan, reportedly with a ZU-23-2 or 0.50 DSHK heavy machine gun. Ali Al Helw ejected, and was captured by rebel forces. He was returned to the Syrian government along with 30 soldiers on August 31.[147]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 16 September 2017 – A Syrian helicopter (probably Mil Mi-24) was shot down by Islamic State militants in Deir Ez-Zor.[148]
  • Roundel of the USAF 29 September 2017 – A U.S. Marine Corps Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey crashed in Syria, two US servicemen were wounded.[149]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 19 September 2017 – A Hezbollah intelligence drone was shot down as it tried infiltrating Israel through the Golan border by an Israeli Air Force MIM-104 Patriot Air Defense system.[150]
  • Russian Air Force Roundel 6 October 2017 – A Russian Mil Mi-28N made an emergency landing in the east of Hama province, south side of Sheikh Helal, with no casualties. Ground fire was ruled out by Russian MoD as the reason of the accident.[151]
  • Russian Air Force Roundel 10 October 2017 – A Russian Su-24 crashed during takeoff at Khmeimim Air Base, Latakia province, supposedly due to technical malfunction. Both crew members died in the crash.[152]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel (4) 13 November 2017 – IS militants disguised as Russian soldiers infiltrated the Syrian Air Base at Deir Ez-Zor and targeted the local fleet of L-39 light attack jets. Subsequent satellite evidence showed that four out of ten SyAAF L-39 were destroyed on the ground.[153]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 22 November 2017 – SyAAF L-39 crashed on the approach to land after receiving ground fire during attack sortie in Deir Ez-Zor. The two pilots Major Ali Mustafa and Cpt. Sulaiman Yunes were killed.[154]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 1 December 2017 – A Syrian Arab Air Force Mi-24 was shot down by rebel ground fire near Beit Jinn, the crew of three died.[155]
  • Russian Air Force Roundel 31 December 2017 – A Russian Air Force Mi-24 crashed due to hitting power lines in Hama province, 2 of the 3 crew died.[156][157]
  • Russian Air Force Roundel 31 December 2017 – The Russian news agency Kommersant reported that at least seven Russian planes were destroyed or damaged by rebel shelling of Hmeymim air base and that two Russian soldiers died in the attack and another 10 were wounded.[158][159] At least four Su-24 bombers, two Su-35S fighters and an An-72 transport plane, as well as an ammunition depot, were destroyed by the shelling, Kommersant said on its website, citing two "military-diplomatic" sources.[160] Russian MoD later denied information about planes destruction.[161] Leaked photos showed the planes were only damaged and some of them were repaired few days after the attack.[162][163]

2018

  • Russian Air Force Roundel 3 February 2018 – A Russian Su-25, on a patrol mission over Syria's province of Idlib was shot down by rebel forces, presumably by an anti-aircraft gun. Responsibility was claimed by Tahrir al-Sham (the former Jabhat al-Nusra) and Jaysh al-Nasr, which is affiliated with the Free Syrian Army.[164] The pilot Maj Roman Filipov ejected and landed near Tell Debes but blew himself up with a grenade to avoid capture after a firefight.[165]
  • Iranian Air Force roundel 10 February 2018 – An Iranian IRGC Saegheh combat drone,[166] was shot down by an Israeli AH-64 Apache helicopter over the northern town of Beit Shean, the Israeli military said.[167][168]
  • Israeli Air Force Roundel 10 February 2018 – An Israeli Air Force F-16I was shot down and crashed in Israel when it was hit by a S-200 missile fired by the Syrian Air Defense. Both pilots ejected and landed, heavily wounded, in Israel. The F-16I was part of a bombing mission against Syrian and Iranian targets around Damascus after an Iranian drone entered Israeli air space and was shot down.[169]
  • Roundel of Turkey.svg 10 February 2018 – A Turkish Air Force T129 ATAK helicopter was shot down by YPG in Kırıkhan district of Hatay province, close to Afrin Canton, killing its two pilots.[170]
  • Roundel of Turkey.svg 12 February 2018 – A Turkish Air Force Bayraktar Tactical UAS unmanned aerial drone was shot down by the Kurdish forces near Qude village in the Afrin region.[171]
  • Russian Air Force Roundel 6 March 2018 – A Russian military transport airplane Antonov An-26 crashed while landing at Khmeimim Airbase. Six crew members as well as 33 passengers, all of them military personnel, were killed in the crash.[172]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 18 March 2018 – A Syrian Arab Air Force Su-24 was shot down by rebels in Eastern Qalamoon mountains, crashing in friendly territory. The fate of the crew is unknown. A video emerged showing at least one of the pilots ejecting successfully.[173]
  • Russian Air Force Roundel 3 May 2018 – A Russian Su-30SM crashed into the Mediterranean sea after taking off from the Khmeimim air base. According to preliminary reports, it suffered a bird strike. Both pilots were killed in the crash.[174]
  • Russian Air Force Roundel 7 May 2018 – A Russian Ka-52 helicopter crashed during a routine flight over eastern regions of the Syrian Arab Republic. Both pilots were killed.[175]
  • Israeli Air Force Roundel 19 June 2018 – An Israeli Skylark UAV crashed in Hader during a reconnaissance mission.[176]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 11 July 2018 – A Syrian Arab Armed Forces' UAV was shot down above the Sea of Galilee by a Patriot missile.[177][178][179] The IDF claimed the UAV crossed 10 km "into Israeli territory" from Syria after flying over Jordan.[180]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 24 July 2018 – A Syrian Arab Air Force Su-22M4 jet that took off from the T4 Homs air base to partake in campaign against Islamic State was shot down by the Israeli Air Force’s 138th Battalion's battery missiles after having issued several radio warnings in multiple languages when it allegedly crossed the 1974 Syrian-Israeli ceasefire line by around 2 kilometers.[177][181][182] The Syrian government denies it crossed the limit claiming the jet being hit over Syrian territory. The pilot, Col. ‘Umran Mare (or Omran Muri), from Tartous, was killed.[183] The fighter jet was part of the government offensive to retake rebel and ISIL held areas on the border with Israel and Jordan and the wreckage crashed in the area controlled by Islamic State in the northwestern corridor of the Yarmouk Basin.[184][185]
  • Russian Air Force Roundel 17 September 2018 – A Russian Ilyushin Il-20 reconnaissance plane with 15 personnel was inadvertently shot down by a S-200 missile fired by the Syrian Air Defense.[186]

2019

  • Russian Air Force Roundel 29 June 2019 – Another Russian Orlan-10 was shot down by Rouse the Believers Operations Room Jihadists, using AA over Sahl el Ghab, western Hama countryside.[187]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 14 August 2019 – Syrian insurgent group Tahrir al-Sham shot down a Sukhoi Su-22 Syrian fighter jet over the southern countryside of the Idlib Governorate.[188][189] reportedly it was hit by heavy machinegun fire.[190]
  • Russian Air Force Roundel 28 August 2019 - A Russian made Orlan-10 UAV crashed or was shot down near Jabal Shashabo by rebel forces.[191]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 31 August 2019 - Militants from Fatah al Mubin Operations Room claimed the destruction of a Russian drone. However, subsequent footage revealed the drone to be an Ababil-3.[191]
  • Israeli Air Force Roundel 19 September 2019 – Syrian Arab Air Defense Forces reported the downing of an enemy drone in the town of Aqraba.[192] Other sources hinted the possibility of an Israeli-operated drone being shot down by Russian aircraft over Syria.[193]
  • Israeli Air Force Roundel 21 September 2019 – Syrian Army reported it intercepted a drone suspected of belonging to the Israeli Defense Forces loaded with cluster bombs near the occupied Golan Heights.[194]
  • Russian Air Force Roundel 29 September 2019 – A Russian made Orlan-10 UAV was downed by a Turkish F-16, after it allegedly had violated the Turkish airspace for six times, near the border town of Kilis.[195]
  • Roundel of Turkey.svg 18 October 2019 – A Turkish Army UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter crashed during an operation in the northern region of Syria. According to the Defense Ministry, the Turkish chopper crashed down near the border city of Ras Al-‘Ayn in Syria's Al-Hasakah Governorate.[196][197]

2020

  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 11 February 2020 – A Syrian Mi-17 helicopter was shot down over Al-Nayrab. Reportedly by a MANPADS.[198]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 14 February 2020 – A Syrian Mi-17 helicopter was shot down in Aleppo, near town of Qubtan al-Jabal by Syrian rebels, again using a MANPADS. All soldiers on board were killed.[199]
  • Roundel of Turkey.svg 25 February 2020 – A Turkish Army combat drone was downed by Syrian Armed Forces in Dadekh, Idlib Governorate.[200][201] The Syrian Arab News Agency reported the aircraft infiltrated in Syrian Airspace and was intercepted.[202] Released footage showed that the downed drone was a TAI Anka.[203]
  • Roundel of Turkey.svg 1 March 2020 – A Turkish Army TAI Anka-S combat drone was downed by Syrian Arab Army near Saraqib, Idlib.[204] Syrian Arab Army have downed six drones in total in 24 hours.[205]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel (2) 1 March 2020 – Two Syrian Su-24 strike bombers were shot down by Turkish Air Force F-16's using air-to-air missiles over the Syria–Turkey border.[206] All four pilots safely ejected. Both Syrian and Turkish forces confirmed the downing.[207]
  • Roundel of Turkey.svg 2 March 2020 – A Turkish drone was shot down by Syrian Air Defense near Saraqib.[208] Later on March 18, ANNA News reported the wreck of a Turkish Bayraktar TB2 combat drone shot down in Saraqib.[209][210]
  • Roundel of Turkey.svg 3 March 2020 – A Bayraktar TB1 drone was shot down by the Syrian Arab Army in Kifer Dael in western countryside of the Aleppo.[211]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 3 March 2020 – A Syrian Air Force L-39 combat trainer was shot down by a Turkish Air Force F-16 over Idlib province. The two pilots ejected into territory controlled by Turkish-backed forces, one was killed and then had his body mutilated.[212][213] The other pilot was rescued by the Syrian Army 9th Storming Division, which went two kilometers behind enemy lines to retrieve him.[214]
  • Roundel of Turkey.svg 4 March 2020 – A Turkish Bayraktar TB2 combat drone was shot down by Syrian Arab Army air defenses in the evening in the Idlib Governorate.[215][216] Footage during the same day was released of a Syrian Buk-M2E firing a missile at a drone near the city of Saraqib.[217] The Syrian Army announced that this was the 10th Turkish drone to be shot down over the last 3 days, which has led to the Turkish military using them more cautiously.[216]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 5 March 2020 – A Syrian Air Force MiG-29 crashed in an accident at Shayrat Airbase shortly after takeoff. Pilot, Col. Yunes Al-Makdid, died in the crash.[218]
  • Russian Air Force Roundel 10 March 2020 – A Russian Orlan-10 crashed near Suluk in Raqqa governorate.[219]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 26 April 2020 – A Syrian MiG-21 training aircraft crashed near the Hama Military Airport.[220]
  • Roundel of Turkey.svg 17 August 2020 – A Turkish drone is shot down by Russian forces stationed near a radio tower in Ain Al-Arab (Kobani).[221][222]
  • Roundel of the USAF (2) 18 August 2020 – Two US MQ-9 Reapers combat drones were lost over Idlib, Syria.[223] According to US officials both drones colided and crashed. However video images show one of the drones already on fire before crashing and an explosion in the air will hint that at least one of the drones was shot down by Turkish-backed rebels or Turkish forces.[224][225]
  • Roundel of Turkey.svg 23 August 2020 – A Turkish Bayraktar TB2 combat drone was shot down by Syrian Air Defenses near Kafr Nabl, Idlib after being detected spotting targets for Syrian rebels.[226][227]
  • Syrian Arab Air Force Roundel 9 September 2020 – A Syrian Air Force MiG-23 crashed in an accident at Syrian military airbase in the province of Deir ez-Zor during takeoff, possibly due to a bird strike. The pilot managed to leave the aircraft unharmed.[228]

2021

  • Russian Air Force Roundel 6 February 2021 – An Orlan-10 Russian drone was shot down by SDF forces by error as they mistook it as a Turkish drone over Ayn Issa.[229]

Totals

Aircraft & UAV losses[230]
Country/Belligrent Destroyed
Jordan Jordan 3
Russia Russia 24
Syria Syria 114
Israel Israel 6
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant ISIL 2
Turkey Turkey 11
United States United States 7
Iran Iran 3
Aircraft losses
Type Destroyed
McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II 1 (1Turkey)
General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon 3 (1 United States,1 Jordan,1 Israel)
Aero L-39 Albatros 17 (17 Syria)
Selex ES Falco 2 (2 Jordan)
Aérospatiale Gazelle 2 (2 Syria)
Antonov An-26 2 (1 Syria,1 Russia)
Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey 1 (1 United States)
Mil Mi-8 and Mil Mi-17 30 (28 Syria, 2 Russia)
Mil Mi-14 1 (1 Syria)
Mi-24/Mi-25 5 (1 Russia, 4 Syria)
Mi-35 1 (1 Russia)
Mil Mi-28 2 (2 Russia)
Kamov Ka-52 1 (1 Russia)
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 17 (17 Syria)
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 17 (17 Syria)
Mikoyan MiG-29K 1 (1 Russia)
Mikoyan MiG-29SM 1 (1 Syria)
General Atomics MQ-1 Predator 1 (1 United States)
General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper 3 (3 United States)
Orlan-10 7 (7 Russia)
Yasir UAV 2 (2 Syria)
Ababil-3 2 (2 Syria)
Selex ES Falco 2 (2 Jordan)
Skylark UAV 3 (3 Israel)
Mohajer-4 1 (1 Syria)
Sukhoi Su-22 9 (9 Syria)
Sukhoi Su-24 10 (2 Russia, 8 Syria)
Sukhoi Su-25 1 (1 Russia)
Sukhoi Su-30 1 (1 Russia)
Sukhoi Su-33 1 (1 Russia)
Shahed 129 2 (2 Iran)
Saegheh (UAV) 1 (1 Iran)
Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk 1 (1 Turkey)
TAI/AgustaWestland T129 ATAK 1 (1 Turkey)
Bayraktar Tactical UAS 2 (2 Turkey)
Bayraktar TB2 3 (3 Turkey)
TAI Anka 2 (2 Turkey)
RQ-21 Blackjack 1 (1 United States)
Ilyushin Il-20 1 (1 Russia)
Unknown/Not identified[231] 5 (2 Israel, 2 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, 1 Turkey)

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