List of awards and nominations received by Laurence Olivier
|Olivier in 1972|
Laurence Olivier (1907–1989) was an English actor who, along with his contemporaries Ralph Richardson and John Gielgud, dominated the British stage of the mid-20th century. He also worked in films throughout his career, playing more than fifty cinema roles. From 1956, he performed in television roles, for which he won several awards.
In 1939, Olivier appeared in the film Wuthering Heights in a role that saw him nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor. The following year he was again nominated for the same award for his portrayal of Maxim de Winter in Rebecca. In 1944, he produced, directed and appeared as Henry V of England in Henry V. The film was nominated for several Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Actor, although it failed to win in any competitive category; instead Olivier received a "Special Award" for his work on the film. His next film, Hamlet (1948), became the first non-American film to win the Academy Award for Best Picture, and he also received the award for Best Actor.[a] In 1979, Olivier was presented with an Academy Honorary Award to recognize his lifetime of contribution to the art of film. In total he was nominated for nine other acting Academy Awards and one each for production and direction. For his stage work, Olivier won three Evening Standard Theatre Awards and was nominated for a Tony Award. He made his television debut in 1956, and was subsequently nominated nine times for an Emmy Award, winning on five occasions; he was also nominated for two British Academy Television Awards for his work in the medium.
In 1947, Olivier was appointed a Knight Bachelor, and in 1970 he was given a life peerage; the Order of Merit was conferred on him in 1981. He also received honours from foreign governments. In 1949 he was made Commander of the Order of the Dannebrog by the Danish government; the French appointed him Officier, Legion of Honour, in 1953; the Italian government created him Grande Ufficiale, Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, in 1953; and in 1971 he was granted the Order of Yugoslav Flag with Golden Wreath.
From academic and other institutions, Olivier received honorary doctorates from the university of Tufts, Massachusetts (1946), Oxford (1957) and Edinburgh (1964). He was also awarded the Danish Sonning Prize for outstanding contributions to European culture in 1966, the Gold Medallion of the Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities in 1968; and the Albert Medal of the Royal Society of Arts in 1976.[b] In February 1960, for his contribution to the film industry, Olivier was inducted into the Hollywood Walk of Fame, with a star at 6319 Hollywood Boulevard; he is also included in the American Theater Hall of Fame. In 1977, Olivier was awarded a British Film Institute Fellowship.
In addition to the naming of the National Theatre's largest auditorium in his honour, Olivier is commemorated in the Laurence Olivier Awards, bestowed annually since 1984 by the Society of West End Theatre. In 1991 Olivier's friend, the actor John Gielgud, unveiled a memorial stone commemorating Olivier in Poets' Corner at Westminster Abbey. In 2007, the centenary of Olivier's birth, a life-sized statue of him was unveiled on the South Bank, outside the National Theatre; the same year the British Film Institute held a retrospective season of his film work.
|The Entertainer||1957||Evening Standard Theatre Awards||Best Actor||Won|||
|The Entertainer||1958||Tony Award||Best Actor in a Play||Nominated|||
|The Dance of Death||1967||Evening Standard Theatre Awards||Best Actor||Won|||
|Long Day's Journey into Night||1972||Evening Standard Theatre Awards||Best Actor||Won|||
State and academic honours
|Award||Year||Country or institution|
|Honorary doctorate||1946||Tufts University|
|Honorary doctorate||1946||University of Massachusetts|
|Commander of the Order of the Dannebrog||1949||Denmark|
|Officier, Legion of Honour||1953||France|
|Grande Ufficiale, Order of Merit of the Italian Republic||1953||Italy|
|Honorary doctorate||1957||University of Oxford|
|Honorary doctorate||1964||University of Edinburgh|
|Gold Medallion||1968||Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities, Sweden|
|Order of Yugoslav Flag with Golden Wreath||1971||Yugoslavia|
|Albert Medal||1976||Royal Society of Arts, UK|
|Order of Merit||1981||UK|
Titles, Styles and Arms
- 1907-1947: Mr Laurence Olivier
- 1947-1970: Sir Laurence Olivier
- 1970-1981: The Right Honourable The Lord Olivier Kt
- 1970-1981: The Right Honourable The Lord Olivier Kt OM
Notes and references
- The film also won Academy Awards for Best Art Direction and Best Costume Design, and was nominated for awards for Best Actress (Jean Simmons as Ophelia), Best Score and Olivier as Best Director.
- Olivier was also offered an honorary degree from Yale University, but was unable to receive it.
- Tied with Jon Voight for Coming Home
- Heilpern, John (12 January 1998). "In Praise of the Holy Trinity: Olivier, Gielgud, Richardson". The New York Observer.
- Billington 2004.
- "The 19th Academy Awards: 1947". Academy Awards Database. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- Brooke, Michael. "Hamlet (1948)". Screenonline. British Film Institute. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- Munn 2007, pp. 145–147.
- "The 21st Academy Awards: 1949". Academy Awards Database. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- "Olivier". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- Tanitch 1985, p. 185.
- "Central Chancery of the Orders of Knighthood". The London Gazette (37977): 2572. 12 June 1947. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
- "Crown Office". The London Gazette (45319): 2001. 9 March 1971. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
- "Honours and Awards" (48542). 13 February 1981: 2145. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
- "Olivier, Baron". Who Was Who. Retrieved 26 March 2015. (subscription required)
- Coleman 2006, photo 39, facing p. 416.
- "Laurence Olivier". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
- "Members". American Theater Hall of Fame. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
- Shail 2007, p. 158.
- Gielgud 2004, p. 483.
- Reynolds, Nigel (24 September 2007). "South Bank statue marks Olivier centenary". The Daily Telegraph. p. 11.
- Hammond, Wally (1 August 2007). "Film – Larry's game". Time Out. p. 57.
- Tanitch 1985, pp. 188–89.
- "Olivier". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
- "1946 Award Winners". National Board of Review. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "New York Film Critics Circle Awards: 1946 Awards". New York Film Critics Circle. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "BAFTA Awards Search". British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
- "The awards of the Venice Film Festival". Venice Film Festival. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "Laurence Olivier". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
- "New York Film Critics Circle Awards: 1948 Awards". New York Film Critics Circle. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "1949" (in Danish). Danish Film Critics Association. Archived from the original on 2 November 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
- "Awards". Estate of Sir Laurence Olivier. Archived from the original on 25 February 2015. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
- "6th Berlin International Film Festival: Prize Winners". Berlin International Film Festival. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "Laurence Olivier – Premi ricevuti: 3". David di Donatello Awards (in Italian). Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
- "12th Karlovy Vary IFF". Karlovy Vary International Film Festival. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
- "Italian Film is "Best"; Lacks Industry Stamp". The Lincoln Star. 4 January 1967. p. 19.
- "New York Film Critics Circle Awards: 1972 Awards". New York Film Critics Circle. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "1978 Award Winners". National Board of Review. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "1946 (19th)". Oscar Legacy. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 7 April 2015.
- "1978 (51st)". Oscar Legacy. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 9 June 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2015.
- Bennetts, Leslie (26 April 1983). "For Olivier, a Night of Praise for 50 Years of Accomplishment". The New York Times. p. 11.
- Herbert 1978, pp. 990–91.
- Tanitch 1985, p. 188.
- "Tony Awards for Laurence Olivier". Tony Award. Archived from the original on 4 February 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
- "Laurence Olivier". Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
- Shapiro, Beth (4 January 2008). "Playwright imagines a tale of two loves". Jewish News of Greater Phoenix. p. 13.
- "Banff decides the British are coming High up in the Rockies, English TV is presented with praise and prizes". The Globe and Mail. 8 June 1985.
- Billington, Michael (2004). "Olivier, Laurence Kerr, Baron Olivier (1907–1989)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/38623. Retrieved 28 December 2014. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Coleman, Terry (2006). Olivier: The Authorised Biography. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-0-7475-8080-5.
- Gielgud, John (2004). Mangan, Richard (ed.). Gielgud's Letters. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. ISBN 978-0-297-82989-8.
- Herbert, Ian (1978). Who's Who in the Theatre: a Biographical Record of the Contemporary Stage. London: Pitman Publishing. ISBN 978-0-2730-1195-8.
- Munn, Michael (2007). Lord Larry: The Secret Life of Laurence Olivier: a Personal and Intimate Portrait. London: Robson Books. ISBN 978-1-86105-977-2.
- Shail, Robert (2007). British Film Directors: A Critical Guide. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press. ISBN 978-0-8093-2833-8.
- Tanitch, Robert (1985). Olivier. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-5000-1363-2.