List of banned video games

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a list of video games that have been censored or banned by governments of various states in the world. Governments that have banned video games have been criticized for a correlated increase in digital piracy, limiting business opportunities and violating rights.[1][2][3]

Argentina[edit]

Name Reason
Carmageddon Banned in the city of Buenos Aires because it depicts destruction of people by motor vehicles.[4]
RapeLay Banned because the object of the game is to stalk and rape a woman and her two daughters, at least one of whom appears to be underage.[5][6]

Australia[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Brazil has banned many video games since 1999, mainly due to depictions of violence and cruelty,[7] making it illegal to distribute and otherwise sell these games.[8][9]

Name Reason
Bully Banned for showing violence and harassment in a school setting.[10] The ban was lifted on 23 June 2016; game can now be acquired in physical and non-physical format through Steam.[11]
Counter-Strike Banned because of violence and simulating a favela map in 2008. The ban was later lifted and the game is now available for sale.[12][13]
EverQuest Banned because of Australia's X18+ references.[12][14] The ban has been mostly lifted since 2009, except in Minas Gerais.
Grand Theft Auto: Episodes from Liberty City Banned in Barueri because it uses music by the Brazilian composer Hamilton da Silva Lourenço without proper permissions.[15] It has been resolved and lifted since 2012.[16]

Additionally, the Brazilian advisory rating system requires that all video games be rated by the organization, where unrated video games are banned from being sold in Brazil. Bans often do not extend to digital platforms.

China[edit]

A very large number of video games are banned in the People's Republic of China. Games that contain drugs, sexual themes, blood, depictions of organized crime or the defaming of the Chinese government are almost always banned from sale. Because of the large size of the Chinese video game market, many studios will edit the content of their games to conform to the government's standards.

Home gaming consoles were banned in mainland China from June 2000[17][18] until 2013, when said ban was lifted, it allowed the next-generation consoles the Xbox One and PlayStation 4 in the country.[19]

Notable games banned in that region are:

Name Reason
Battlefield 4 Banned due to the discrediting of China's national image as well as a threat to national security, in which the Chinese Ministry claims that the game shows it a "cultural invasion."[20]
Grand Theft Auto series Banned because the game was unsuitable for children.[citation needed]
Command & Conquer Generals Banned for "smearing the image of China and the Chinese army" although the game presents China as a sort of protagonist and glorifies the People's Liberation Army.[21] Additionally, the China campaign has the player destroy questionable targets such as the Three Gorges Dam and the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre in order to snuff out an invading terrorist organization.
Football Manager 2005 Banned for recognizing Taiwan and Tibet as independent countries. An edited version was later released globally.[22]
Hearts of Iron Banned for portraying Tibet, Sinkiang, and Manchuria as independent countries and Taiwan as under Japanese control.[21]
I.G.I.-2: Covert Strike Banned because of "intentionally blackening China and the Chinese army's image."[23]
RapeLay Banned because it "tends to promote and support the use of violence to compel a person to submit to sexual conduct, and the exploitation of young persons for sexual purposes."[citation needed]

Cuba[edit]

No video games have ever been banned in Cuba, but few games were sold in that country until 2007 when restrictions were eased. In 2010, the video game Call of Duty: Black Ops gained much controversy as there is a mission where the player attempts to assassinate Fidel Castro, only to end up killing a double.[24]

Denmark[edit]

EA Sports MMA was not released in Denmark because of a law prohibiting marketing for energy drinks, which EA chose not to remove from the game.[25] However, distribution is not illegal, as the game can still be found on shelves as an import.

European Union[edit]

In 2006, after Italian news magazine Panorama and then–Roman mayor Walter Veltroni claimed that Rule of Rose contained violence towards minors at the protagonist's hand,[26] European Commissioner Franco Frattini further supposed that the game prompted players "to violate a little girl in the most horrible conditions, then torturing her before killing her in the worst of sufferances." He wrote a letter to the EU's Ministers of Interior and proposed a bill to the Commission, calling for a total ban of the game for minors.[27] The proposal was ultimately voted, following localizer 505 Games' dismissal of Frattini's statements;[26] as well as fellow Commissioner Viviane Reding's open letter backing PEGI's 16+ rating of the game.[28]

Germany[edit]

A video game can be banned in Germany if it has been confiscated by court order because it violates a section of the Strafgesetzbuch (criminal code). Private possession (and thus playing it) and acquisition (such as downloading a demo from the Internet) is still legal, but any dissemination is not. The seller would break the law if a sale took place, not the buyer. On December 10, 2002, however, one German court (Oberlandesgericht Hamm) decided that a single sale of a single copy does not qualify as dissemination.[29] Unlike indexing by the BPjM, which restricts the sale of all content-equal versions, the versions that are confiscated are enumerated in the court order. Being put on the index by the BPjM or, since April 1, 2003, being refused a rating by the USK does not equal a ban. Rather, it imposes strict trade restrictions on the title. While only very few games have been confiscated, the list of indexed games is very long.[30]

In December 2006, just one month after the Emsdetten school shooting, Bavaria and Lower Saxony proposed legislation, to be presented to the national parliament, that would make even playing any game that feature "cruel violence on humans or human-looking characters" an offence punishable with fines or jail time of up to 12 months.[31][32][33]

§ 86a outlaws the use of symbols of unconstitutional organisations, § 130 Volksverhetzung (agitation of the people), and § 131 instructions for crimes. In the official lists, these three sections are always bundled, so any game that contains swastika flags and/or any depiction of Adolf Hitler is listed alongside racist propaganda pieces. This law was lifted on August 8, 2018.

§ 131 outlaws representation of excessive violence in media "which describe cruel or otherwise inhuman acts of violence against human or humanoid beings in a manner which expresses a glorification or rendering harmless of such acts of violence or which represents the cruel or inhuman aspects of the event in a manner which injures human dignity."[34]

§ 130 and § 131 make it to a criminal offence to do following with corresponding scriptures:

  1. distributing / selling
  2. issuing in public, demonstrating or otherwise making available
  3. leaving it to a person under the age of 18
  4. producing, buying, delivering, storing, offering, announcing, praising, importing or exporting to use them within the meaning of the letters 1 to 3.

This means, that the import or purchase and the possession for personal use are still legal for persons over 18 years.

In the case of video games that contain pornography with children or minors, where a real or realistic event is depicted, the possession of the video game or working towards possessing it would be illegal under § 184b or §184c StGB. Otherwise, if the work depicts a fictitious event, the distribution of such material is illegal.

In August 2008, Sega confirmed that The House of the Dead: Overkill and MadWorld would not be released in Germany,[35] due to the likelihood that they would be refused to get a rating by the USK.[36] Sega also announced in November 2009 that they would not distribute Aliens vs. Predator for similar reasons.[37]

A "Beschlagnahmung" (ban) is enforced for a minimum of ten years, after which a request for review may be submitted.[38]

Although the bans usually don't extend to the digital versions, local versions are still toned down in depictions of violence and similar content to be classified by the USK without any rulings.

Greece[edit]

No known games have been banned in Greece. A law banning all electronic games in public places was passed in 2002, but eventually disregarded.[39][40][41]

Iran[edit]

Iran typically bans any game that contains violence, depicts cruelty, features strong sexual content, nudity, and a negative portrayal of the Middle East. Battlefield 3 was banned because of a fictional U.S. invasion on Tehran. Already before the ban, many retail stores were removing copies of this game from their shelves.[42]

Pokémon Go was banned due to security reasons.[43]

Valkyrie Drive: Bhikkhuni was banned because of excessive themes of glorifying homosexual and immoral values. It does not extend to digital distribution however.[44]

Republic of Ireland[edit]

The IFCO rarely rates video games, and leaves decisions to PEGI and BBFC. Manhunt 2 was banned for "gross, unrelenting, and gratuitous violence." But, it was later lifted and given a PEGI 18 rating.[45]

Italy[edit]

In 2006, following the release of the trailer to the game Rule of Rose, magazine Panorama ran an article making claims to live burial and more of children at the protagonist's hand. Shortly after, then–mayor of Rome, Walter Veltroni, called for a ban of the game in Italy. The game's European publisher, 505 Games, dismissed these claims;[26] and no formal movement of a ban was made following Veltroni's comments.

In 2007, following the decision of the governments of the United Kingdom and Ireland, the Minister of Communications Paolo Gentiloni publicly expressed the desire to block the distribution of Manhunt 2 in Italy, due to the gratuitous violence and excessive cruelty of the video game, but the censorship was never put into practice.[46]

Japan[edit]

Video games are rarely banned in Japan, and it holds the place as one of the top video game producers in the world.[47] However, Fallout 3 was edited in Japan due to two reasons: A quest named "The Power of the Atom" which gave the player a choice to nuke a city named Megaton, which caused part of the quest to be removed, and a weapon in the game called the Fat Man. Because of its relation to the real historic event, the weapon was renamed to the Nuka Launcher in the Japanese version of Fallout 3.[48] Japan's Spike removed all references to Kim Jong-il and North Korea in Homefront, as well.[49] Resident Evil 4, Call of Duty: Black Ops[citation needed], Bulletstorm[citation needed], Gears of War 3[citation needed], Grand Theft Auto V[citation needed], Dead Island[citation needed], Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance[citation needed] and numerous other violent titles physical and digital were heavily edited for excessive violence (but this is on a localization level only, the games can be played intact if they are switched to English instead of Japanese).

Malaysia[edit]

Malaysia tends to ban offensive content such as extreme impact violence, depictions of cruelty, any content considered anti-Muslim, sexual content and nudity. In August 2008, after the Grand Theft Auto series ban in Thailand (see below), head of a Malaysian consumer rights organization, Muhammad Idris, called for the ban of Grand Theft Auto series entirely and every other similarly violent video games such as Manhunt series and Mortal Kombat.[50][51] In February 2010, one week after Dante's Inferno released, the game was banned by Jabatan Agama Islam [JAIS] in Malaysia for offensive depictions of cruelty, hellish visions, sexuality and content that was against Sharia.[citation needed]

In 2016 with the following release, Pokémon Go was banned by the Federal Territory for Muslims for promoting the search for power which leads to gambling and safety issues that was caused by playing the game. It was later lifted following massive backlash on social media and an update slightly modifying security measures on the app.

In September 2017, the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC) blocked access to the entire Steam store, following the discovery of a controversial fighting game involving religious deities, Fight of Gods.[52] The ban was lifted one day later after Valve agreed to geoblock the game in Malaysia.[53]

Mexico[edit]

Though no video games have ever been nationally banned, Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Advanced Warfighter 2 was banned in the state of Chihuahua due to Mexican Rebels being depicted as antagonists and stereotyping the city of Chihuahua and Ciudad Juarez.[54] However, the game can still be found in shelves in other states.

New Zealand[edit]

In New Zealand, games are classified by the country's Office of Film and Literature Classification. If they are dubbed "objectionable" in all cases, then they are considered banned. In this case, the game in question is not only illegal to sell, but illegal to own, possess, or import. Games are typically banned and classified as "objectionable content" when they contain extreme violence, offensive depictions of cruelty, animal cruelty, sexual content involving children, or graphic depictions of sexual content, including sexual fetishes that are "offensive & abhorrent" (depictions of urination, bestiality, necrophilia, urophilia, coprophilia, and/or incest.)

Name Reason
Criminal Girls: Invite Only Banned because sexual content that focuses on young persons and involves elements of sexual violence.[55]
Gal*Gun: Double Peace Banned because "it tends to promote and support both the exploitation of children and young people, and the use of coercion to compel a person to submit to sexual conduct."[56]
Manhunt Banned because of graphic violence and depictions of cruelty.[57]
Manhunt 2 Banned because of graphic violence and depictions of cruelty.[58]
Postal 2 Banned because of graphic violence and offending cruelty.[59]
Postal III Banned because of graphic violence and offending cruelty.[citation needed]
RapeLay Banned because it "tends to promote and support the use of violence to compel a person to submit to sexual conduct, and the exploitation of young persons for sexual purposes."[citation needed]
Reservoir Dogs Banned because it "tends to promote and support the infliction of extreme violence and extreme cruelty for the purpose of entertainment."[60]
Three Sisters' Story Banned because it "tends to promote and support the use of violence to compel a person to submit to sexual conduct, and the exploitation of young persons for sexual purposes."[citation needed]

North Korea[edit]

North Korea bans all foreign video games and very few games are known to be developed in North Korea.

Name Reason
Homefront Banned because of its negative portrayal of a unified Korea under Northern rule.[61]

Pakistan[edit]

Name Reason
Medal of Honor: Warfighter. Banned for portraying Pakistanis negatively.[62] It does not extend to digital versions of the game however.[63]
Valkyrie Drive: Bhikkhuni Banned because of sexual content and excessive themes of glorifying homosexuality. It does not extend to digital versions of the game however.[64]
Negligee: Love Stories Banned for sexual content and excessive themes of glorifying homosexuality.[citation needed] Extends to digital versions of the game, mainly on Steam (software).[citation needed]

Philippines[edit]

In 1981, a presidential decree issued by Ferdinand Marcos outlawed the use and distribution[65] of all video game consoles, arcade games and pinball machines, deeming them as a "destructive social enemy"[66] and "to the detriment of the public interest".[67][68] Despite the law being technically in effect following the EDSA Revolution, it has since been disregarded and unenforced.[citation needed]

While no video games are banned nationwide so far since 1986, at least one title, Defense of the Ancients, has been banned at a barangay in Dasmariñas, Cavite following complaints of delinquency issues, and two murder incidents involving youths in the area resulting from brawls in relation to the game.[69]

Saudi Arabia[edit]

Most of these games can be found in some stores (often at a substantial price) due to the government's lack of enforcing the banning of these games. Many major stores, however, will not stock the following banned titles.[70][71]

Name Reason
God of War (franchise) Was banned for a few weeks due to the presence of interactive sex scenes, partial nudity and sexual themes, as well as the word "God" in the title.[citation needed]
Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare Banned for a few weeks, because of the Middle East role-playing as a terrorist.[citation needed]
Assassin's Creed Banned for two weeks because of a perceived negative portrayal of Arabs.[citation needed]
Grand Theft Auto (series) Partial ban, available in stores for high prices, extreme impact violence and nudity.[citation needed]
Heavy Rain Banned because of high impact violence, nudity and a sex scene.[citation needed]
L.A. Noire Banned because of extreme impact violence and nudity.[citation needed]
Red Dead Redemption Banned due to nudity, prostitution, violence and cruelty.[citation needed]
Red Dead Redemption 2 Banned due to nudity, prostitution, violence and cruelty.
Manhunt (video game series) (all versions) Banned because of low impact scary violence and cruelty.[citation needed]
Manhunt 2 Banned for "gross, unrelenting, and gratuitous violence."[citation needed]
South Park: The Stick of Truth/The Fractured but Whole Banned due to extreme offensive content.[citation needed]
Valkyrie Drive: Bhikkhuni Banned due to sexual content and excessive themes of glorifying homosexuality.[citation needed]
Wolfenstein Banned due to the presence of interactive sex scenes.[citation needed]
Pokémon[72]

Russia[edit]

In Russia, games are classified by the "On Protecting Children from Information Harmful to Their Health and Development" Federal Law. No known games have been banned in Russia due to excessive violence, nudity, negative portrayal of people of Russia or expression of religious views of any kind because of the freedom of speech guaranteed by the Constitution of Russia. Media in the United States and Europe have incorrectly reported that Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2, which features a storyline in which Russian "ultranationalists" take control of the country and invade the United States, was banned in Russia. Activision called these reports 'erroneous'.[73]

Singapore[edit]

Singapore rarely bans games. With the implementation of the Video Game Classification in 2008 by the Media Development Authority, most games are widely available for purchase to their respective age group, such as those containing full frontal nudity or strong graphic violence under an "M18" rating. Games that were previously banned such as Mass Effect were re-rated either "Age Advisory" or "M18" after the implementation of the classification system.

Name Reason
Half-Life Banned because of violence.[74] The ban was met with uproar as the local gaming community and retailers scrambled to start petitions to save the game. The government decided to lift the ban after a week as the game had been released for more than a year and the ban will impact the local LAN gaming and retail market.[75]
Mass Effect Banned because of a homosexual encounter between a feminine alien and female human.[76] The ban was later lifted and the title re-rated M18.[77]
The Darkness Banned because of excessive violence.[78] The ban was later lifted and the title re-rated M18.[citation needed]

South Korea[edit]

Since 2006, South Korea offers complete freedom in publishing games, fully respecting freedom of expression and speech. Even before this, games were very rarely banned unless that game mentioned elements of the Korean War in order to avoid tensions between the North Korea and South Korea. However, Manhunt, Manhunt 2, and Mortal Kombat are still banned because of violence and cruelty. Grand Theft Auto III, Grand Theft Auto: Vice City and Mercenaries: Playground of Destruction were previously banned but later lifted.[79]

The Game Rating Board requires that all video games be rated by the organization. Unrated titles are absolutely banned from being sold in the country, and websites selling them can be blocked.

Name Reason
Mortal Kombat (2011) Banned because of excessive violence and cruelty.[61]
Homefront Banned because of its negative portrayal of a unified Korea under Northern rule.[61]
Danganronpa V3 The September 2017 release was cancelled because of a recent case in South Korea where a 17-year-old girl killed and dismembered an 8-year old child.[citation needed] The game was banned to prevent controversies.[citation needed]

Thailand[edit]

Thailand will typically ban any games with excessive violence, and sexual content, such as many eroge from Japan, with the same reasons as banning any pornographic films.

Additionally, all video game titles of the Grand Theft Auto series have been banned in Thailand completely since August 2008[80] because of an 18-year-old Thai player supposedly influenced by Grand Theft Auto who killed a taxi driver from Bangkok.[81]

The ban, however, does not extend to the digital PC versions of Grand Theft Auto V.[82]

Tropico 5 is yet another title that has been banned. The military junta claims that it could 'affect peace and order' within the country.[83]

United Arab Emirates[edit]

In the United Arab Emirates, a branch of the government called the National Media Council (NMC) works to control the media and entertainment industry in the country, and they have the authority to issue bans on any specific media products, including video games, to comply with the country's legal and cultural values. The NMC do not usually explicitly state their actual consensus for any kind of issued ban on a product, so official reasons behind their bans remain unclear. However, bans issued by the NMC apply only to the sale of those products through local outlets; they do not make private ownership illegal. There are certain exceptions, notably for Spec Ops: The Line (see below). Some banned games may be available and sold in the nation's grey market.[citation needed]

In 2018, the NMC introduced a localised rating system for various media, including video games.[84]

The following (incomplete list of) titles are banned from mainstream physical retail circulations.

Name Reason
BlazBlue: Continuum Shift Banned likely due to suggestive and revealing outfits on some characters.[85] However, the ban did not extend to digital versions of the game.
Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare This game was banned after players in the GCC noticed that the picture frames in some maps had quotations from the Qur'an, which was very offensive to Muslims.[citation needed] The ban has since been lifted after developers removed the text on the frames.
Darksiders Banned likely due to contradicting with customs and traditions.[86] The ban did not extend to the digital version of the game however. Its sequel, Darksiders II, which features similar themes, was released without issues however, and even had a localised print release for the PlayStation 3 version.
Dead Island and Dead Island: Riptide Both banned likely due to "extreme depictions of violence and scantily-clad game characters."[87] The ban did not extend to digital versions of the games however.
Dead Rising 2 Banned likely due to violence, gambling, and nudity.[88] The ban has since been lifted for newer prints of the game.
Dragon Age: Origins Banned likely due to sexual themes, including possible homosexual relationships.[89] The ban has since been lifted for the digital versions of the game.
Fallout: New Vegas Banned likely due to gambling and sexual themes.[90] However, the ban did not extend to the digital version of the game.
Gal*Gun: Double Peace, Gal*Gun 2 Both banned likely due to sexual themes. However, the ban did not extend to the digital versions of the games.[citation needed]
The Godfather II Banned likely due to nudity.[91]
God of War series The first title in the series was banned after complaints were filed regarding religious and sexual content in the game, and subsequently the next seven games in the series were banned for similar reasons. The 2018 title God of War was the first entry to be legally approved for release in the U.A.E. however.[92]
Grand Theft Auto series Banned likely due to violence, cruelty and sexual content. For reasons unknown, Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas had since been made available via Steam ever since the PC version of Grand Theft Auto V was launched, which itself is openly available on Steam from the debut. Shortly after Steam introduced the dirham as the official currency for U.A.E. user accounts on November 10, 2015,[93] the majority of Rockstar's games became available for purchase for those user accounts, including most Grand Theft Auto titles. (For unknown reasons, originally almost all of Rockstar's games were regionally locked out on Steam, whether banned or not.) Steam users in the neighbouring countries were not indulged with the same favour, however.
Heavy Rain Banned likely due to graphically violent, sexual content, nudity[94] and a sultry seduction scene.[95]
Injustice: Gods Among Us Despite being initially marketed for Middle Eastern distribution under the title of Injustice: The Mighty Among Us, the game failed to surpass the NMC's censors for a period of time,[96] and was banned likely for the case package and on-disc software title itself being identical to its European release, with the term "God" retained (official reason not given however). The game had been demoed at various events in the U.A.E. without incident for many months before the official release date. The ban on the title had since been lifted though.[96] The expanded Ultimate Edition was released on schedule and distributed regularly.
Mafia II Banned likely due to excessive violence and nudity.[97] The ban has since been lifted for digital versions of the game.
Mass Effect 2, Mass Effect 3 Both banned likely due to possible homosexual relationships.[89] However, the ban did not extend to the digital versions of the games.
Max Payne 3 Banned likely due to excessive violence and sexual themes.[98] Ban was issued roughly three weeks after official release date. The ban has since been lifted for digital versions of the game.[99]
Omega Labyrinth Z Banned likely due to excessive sexual themes. Ban did not extend to the digital version of the game however.[citation needed]
Red Dead Redemption Was initially banned,[100] likely due to nudity. The ban was later lifted two months after the official release date.[101][102]
ROBLOX Banned due to the game containing swearing and sexually explicit material.[103] Many speculate that it was the financial ties with ROBLOX and the government since Fortnite was banned in Dubai for approximately 6 hours.[104] However, if people managed to buy a VPN just to circumvent the ban, it is an offense which has a 50,000 AED ($13,612) fine.
Saints Row: The Third, Saints Row IV Both Banned likely due to sexual themes, excessive violence, and for the use of drugs and alcohol.[105] However, the ban did not extend to the digital versions of the games.
Spec Ops: The Line Banned more likely due to the game's fictional depiction of the UAE's real-life city of Dubai in a state of ravage and destruction. Unlike other banned video games, the NMC had extended their focus for this title going far as to issue the TRA to block the game's official website[106] and subsequently stop the title's distribution throughout the rest of the GCC, as well as Jordan, and Lebanon.[107] Local retailers, such as Geekay Games, are not even able to sell the game via their online shops to UAE residents.[108] The game remains unavailable via digital platforms such as Steam and PSN.
Valkyrie Drive: Bhikkhuni Banned likely due to homosexual relationships between characters, and sexual themes that are of a high-impact. Ban did not extend to the digital version of the game however.[citation needed]
Watch Dogs Was initially banned likely due to sexual themes, nudity, excessive depictions of violence, and for use of drugs and alcohol. The game's local distributor had confirmed that the title will be available in the U.A.E. and the rest of the region by August 15, 2014 for some platforms (PS3, PS4, Xbox 360) and without any in-game alterations.[109] Only copies of the game with localised Middle East covers were allowed, subsequently banning imported copies for other platforms. For example, the Xbox One version was not released until sometime after the console itself had its official launch in September 2014. The PC version remains unavailable, consequently blocking access to the downloadable version on Steam. Due to the fact Ubisoft cannot officially distribute their games on Nintendo consoles specifically for the Middle East (for various reasons), the Wii U version remains unavailable. (Ubisoft games on Nintendo consoles are generally available as imported products in the region.)

United Kingdom[edit]

Games in the UK usually only receive a ban when they contain real sex scenes or and gratuitous violence. PEGI age ratings are compulsory and are backed by legislation, taking effect on 30 July 2012.[110] It is illegal to sell, buy or rent (but legal to import) a game that has not been classified by an approved age rating organisation in the UK. This only applies to games stored on physical media, not to downloadable media.[111]

Name Reason
Carmageddon Was threatened with being refused certification in its uncut form. Was subsequently altered to replace pedestrians with zombies.[112] The restriction was later lifted, and a patch was released to restore the original human content.
Manhunt 2 The uncut version was the only game to be refused classification by the BBFC (therefore banned), due to excessive graphic violence and cruelty.[113] After this, a modified version was made and submitted for certification - this was initially refused classification as well, but was allowed to be sold after an appeal (despite a successful challenge to this ruling).
Omega Labyrinth Z Banned for featuring sexually explicit material involving underage characters.[citation needed]
RapeLay Banned because it "tends to promote and support the use of violence to compel a person to submit to sexual conduct, and the exploitation of young persons for sexual purposes".[citation needed]
The Punisher Despite the game already being the edited American release, it was threatened with being refused classification due to objectionable content: The interrogation scenes were deemed graphically controversial and could cause harm to the public. The publishers made edits at the request of the BBFC to further mask these scenes,[114] and this final version received an 18 certificate.

United States[edit]

In the United States, the Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB)—a self-regulatory organization, issues ratings for video games and enforces voluntary regulations on how they are marketed and sold.[115] The Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Entertainment Merchants Association—which challenged a California law restricting the sale of "violent video games" (defined using a variation of the Miller test separate from ratings assigned by bodies such as the ESRB) to minors, that video games were considered a protected form of expression under the First Amendment, meaning that federal or state law cannot be used to regulate their distribution based on content.[116][117]

However, games can still be recalled as the result of court orders; a nude model featured in The Guy Game sued its developer and publisher over use of her likeness, as she was underage at the time of filming and thus could not personally consent to her depiction. All remaining copies of the game that contained her likeness were recalled from stores.[118][119] In 2012, a court found that Silicon Knights had plagiarized Epic Games' proprietary Unreal engine, and had used it in Too Human and X-Men: Destiny, along with other unreleased projects. The studio was ordered to recall and destroy all remaining copies, materials, and source code relating to the games.[120][121]

The ESRB's highest rating, "Adults Only", has been considered a total ban on the mainstream sale of certain games, as most retailers refuse to stock games carrying the rating, and they cannot be published on major video game consoles due to company policies.[122][123][124][125] The release of Thrill Kill, an AO-rated fighting game with strong sexual themes, was outright cancelled by Electronic Arts (who had acquired its developer) due to objections over its content.[126] Following the discovery of an incomplete sex minigame that was not included in the final game but could be accessed using a modification or cheating device, Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas was re-rated Adults Only and recalled by Rockstar Games, in favor of a new revision of the game that omitted the offending content entirely and carried the original Mature rating.[127][128][129]

Venezuela[edit]

In November 2009, the Government of Venezuela announced that it would ban all video games in which the objective was to shoot people. The ban was due to widespread violence in the country.

The bill was later published in the public journal of that country on 3 December[130] and went into effect 3 months later,[131] March 3, 2010, making Venezuela the first country to completely ban violent video games in the world and make their manufacturing, distribution, selling, rental, exhibition and use illegal. Even though the proponents were not from the Venezuelan Government's political party, Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela (PSUV), President Hugo Chávez supported the ban,[132] claiming there are some Internet games featuring him so players can "kill them"; and even calling video games consoles, including Nintendo DS and Sony PlayStation, "poison" and values of the capitalism, which he considers "the road to hell".

According to reports of the Venezuelan National Guard, more than 13,000 objects, including violent video games, were massively destroyed to-date in the states of Lara[133] and Portuguesa.[134]

The ban is criticized by gamers and experts alike for its ambiguity and lack of clarity on its penalties, aside from being too harsh and indoctrinating a negative point of view.[135] On the other hand, Sony expressed their hopes for the government to make changes for the law for good.[136]

The ban even extends to the digital versions of these games.[137]

See also[edit]

WPVG icon 2016.svg This video game-related list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schiesel, Seth (2011-06-28). "Supreme Court Has Ruled; Now Games Have a Duty". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2014-05-23. Retrieved 2014-05-22.
  2. ^ Barnes, Robert (2011-06-27). "Supreme Court strikes Calif. law banning sale of violent video games to minors". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2014-05-29. Retrieved 2014-05-22.
  3. ^ "Supreme Court Violent Video Games Ruling: Ban On Sale, Rental To Children Unconstitutional". The Huffington Post. 2011-06-27. Archived from the original on 2014-05-22. Retrieved 2014-05-22.
  4. ^ "Ley 16 - Juego Electrónico "Carmaggedon" y similares - Prohibición". Direccion General Centro Documental de Información y Archivo Legislativo (in Spanish). Hipólito Yrigoyen 502, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Archived from the original on 2018-07-29. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  5. ^ "Breves – Alertan por el riesgo de un videojuego". La Nación (in Spanish). 19 April 2010. Archived from the original on 2018-07-30. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  6. ^ Ashcraft, Brian (21 April 2010). "Years Later, Argentina Bans Rape Video Game". Kotaku. Archived from the original on 2018-07-30. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  7. ^ Mullen, Michael (1999-12-17). "Brazil Bans More Games". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 2010-12-03.
  8. ^ "Portaria MJ nº 724 de 16/12/1999". Normas Brasil. 1999-12-17. Archived from the original on 2018-04-01. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  9. ^ "Proibida venda de jogo eletrônico". MPRS. 1999-04-08. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2018-10-20.
  10. ^ "Brazil Judge Bans Video Game 'Bully'". CTVNews. 2011-04-11. Archived from the original on 2016-06-25. Retrieved 2016-05-24.
  11. ^ "Bully: Scholarship Edition on Steam". store.steampowered.com. Retrieved 2017-07-20.
  12. ^ a b Bishop, Stuart (2008-01-21). "Banned in Brazil: Counter-Strike and EverQuest". CVG. Archived from the original on 2014-10-08. Retrieved 2014-07-19.
  13. ^ Do G1, em São Paulo (2008-06-18). "G1 - Games - Justiça libera venda do game 'Counter-Strike' no Brasil" (in Portuguese). G1.globo.com. Archived from the original on 2011-10-06. Retrieved 2011-10-26.
  14. ^ McWhertor, Michael (2008-01-18). "Only in Brazil: Brazilian Government Bans Counter-Strike, EverQuest, Fun". Kotaku. Archived from the original on April 27, 2008. Retrieved 2014-07-20.
  15. ^ Bueno, Renato (2010-10-18). "Brazilian Court Forbids The Sale Of Episodes From Liberty City Worldwide". Kotaku. Archived from the original on 2014-07-20. Retrieved 2014-07-15.
  16. ^ "Grand Theft Auto: Episodes from Liberty City on Steam". store.steampowered.com. Archived from the original on 2017-08-18. Retrieved 2017-07-20.
  17. ^ Leslie Hook (2012-06-18). "Lenovo's Kinect-clone evades Chinese ban on video-game consoles". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 2012-06-08. Retrieved 2012-08-20.
  18. ^ Luke Ume (2011-12-15). "Console Revolution". The Escapist. Archived from the original on 2012-05-12. Retrieved 2012-08-20.
  19. ^ Jou, Eric. "China Lifts Their Console Ban... But With Strings Attached". Kotaku. Archived from the original on 2013-09-30. Retrieved September 30, 2013.
  20. ^ Parrish, Kevin (2013-12-27). "Battlefield 4 Now Banned in China". Tom's Hardware. Retrieved 2013-12-31.
  21. ^ a b "Swedish video game banned for harming China's sovereignty". Xinhua. 2004-05-29. Archived from the original on 2014-04-26. Retrieved 2014-07-20.
  22. ^ "China bans online game Football Manager 2005". Xinhua. 2004-12-08. Archived from the original on 2014-07-28. Retrieved 2014-07-20.
  23. ^ "Computer game cracked down on for discrediting China's image". Xinhua. 2004-03-19. Archived from the original on 2007-04-05. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
  24. ^ "Call of Duty: Black Ops plot allowing players to assassinate Fidel Castro causes outrage in Cuba". Daily Mail. London. 2010-11-11. Archived from the original on 2010-11-14. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
  25. ^ Pereira, Chris (2008-09-30). "EA Sports MMA Not Releasing in Denmark". 1up.com. Archived from the original on 2014-07-17. Retrieved 2014-11-25.
  26. ^ a b c GamesIndustry International (November 17, 2006). "505 Games responds to Rule of Rose controversy". Eurogamer.net. Archived from the original on 2018-06-25. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
  27. ^ Depierre, Bernard (November 17, 2006). "Assemblée nationale ~ Amendements". Assemblee-nationale.fr. Archived from the original on 2011-05-21. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
  28. ^ Reding, Viviane (June 26, 2007). "European Commission - PRESS RELEASES - Press release - Viviane Reding Member of the European Commission responsible for Information Society and Media Self regulation applied to interactive games : success and challenges ISFE Expert Conference Brussels, 26 June 2007". Europa.eu. Archived from the original on 2018-06-25. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
  29. ^ Beschlagnahmung, medienzensur.de
  30. ^ Software for your Internet Cafe - Computer Games on the Index List Archived 2013-07-30 at the Wayback Machine., InterCafe
  31. ^ Germany to crack down on violent video games Archived 2007-08-19 at the Wayback Machine. by Bertrand Benoit, 2006-12-06.
  32. ^ Germany Drafts Stringent Anti-Violent Game Law Archived 2007-10-12 at the Wayback Machine. by Jason Dobson, Gamasutra, 2006-12-06.
  33. ^ German gov't considers jail time for gamers Archived 2009-02-26 at the Wayback Machine. by Emma Boyes, GameSpot UK, December 2006.
  34. ^ "German Criminal Code, Section 131 Representation of Violence". Iuscomp.org. Archived from the original on 2011-10-08. Retrieved 2011-10-26.
  35. ^ Brian (2008-08-19). "House of the Dead: Overkill and MadWorld banned from Germany". nintendoeverything.com. Archived from the original on 2012-03-05. Retrieved 2014-07-20.
  36. ^ G., Philipp (2008-08-19). "House of the Dead: Overkill & MadWorld nicht in Deutschland!". nintendo-online.de/ (in German). Archived from the original on 2014-07-19. Retrieved 2014-07-15.
  37. ^ Pyle, Duke E. (2009-11-11). "AvPvGermany? Sega Won't Be Selling Game To Germans". Game Informer. Archived from the original on 2012-06-03. Retrieved 2011-10-26.
  38. ^ Perry, Douglas (2011-09-04). "Germany Removes Doom Sales Ban After 17 Years". Tom's Hardware. Retrieved 2014-07-15.
  39. ^ Goodwins, Rupert (2002-09-02). "In Greece, use a GameBoy, go to jail". CNet. Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-07-20.
  40. ^ "Greeks fight computer game ban". BBC News. 2002-09-05. Archived from the original on 2014-03-05. Retrieved 2014-07-20.
  41. ^ Loney, Matt (2002-10-11). "Greek game ban overturned". ZDNet. Archived from the original on 2014-03-26. Retrieved 2014-07-20.
  42. ^ "Iran bans US video game showing Tehran invasion". AFP. Nov 28, 2011. Archived from the original on 2012-02-25. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  43. ^ "Pokemon Go banned by Iranian authorities over 'security'". BBC. Archived from the original on 2016-09-17. Retrieved 2016-10-09.
  44. ^ "VALKYRIE DRIVE -BHIKKHUNI- on Steam". store.steampowered.com. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  45. ^ "Manhunt 2 Video Game Prohibited." Archived 2007-11-20 at the Wayback Machine. Irish Film Classification Office.
  46. ^ Maruccia, Alfonso (22 June 2007). "Censura, Gentiloni blocca Manhunt 2" (in Italian). Punto Informatico. Archived from the original on 2013-11-11. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
  47. ^ "Game over? Not yet: Japan's video game industry appears vibrant despite a crisis of confidence" Daily Yomiuri Online.
  48. ^ "{title}". Archived from the original on 2013-06-06. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
  49. ^ Parker, Laura (2011-03-15). "Kim Jong-il axed from Homefront in Japan". Gamespot.com. Retrieved 2011-10-26.
  50. ^ "Fomca: Regulate video games". Malaysianbar.org.my. 2011-10-13. Retrieved 2011-10-26.
  51. ^ Colette Bennett. "Malaysian Consumer Group blame it all on GTA". Destructoid. Archived from the original on 2010-02-11. Retrieved 2010-01-23.
  52. ^ "MCMC Blocks Entire Steam Store Following God Fighting Game Controversy". Archived from the original on 2017-10-28.
  53. ^ "MCMC Unblocks Steam After Offending Game Geoblocked". Archived from the original on 2017-11-08.
  54. ^ Gaudiosi, John (2007-03-26). "Locally-made "GRAW2" Banned in Mexico". WRAL News. wral.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-29. Retrieved 2007-03-26.
  55. ^ "{title}". Archived from the original on 2018-01-27. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  56. ^ "{title}". Archived from the original on 2017-01-31. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  57. ^ Manhunt: Reasons for Decision Archived February 3, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  58. ^ "{title}". Archived from the original on 2016-01-23. Retrieved 2017-06-26.
  59. ^ New Zealand's OFLC pulls Postal² Archived 2010-01-25 at the Wayback Machine. by Tony Smith, The Register, 2004-11-30.
  60. ^ "Reservoir Dogs Computer Game Banned" (Press release). New Zealand Office of Film and Literature Classification. 2006-07-07. Archived from the original on 2006-07-16. Retrieved 2006-07-07.
  61. ^ a b c "{title}" 성인 게임 모탈컴뱃, 심의 '거부'…역시 잔인해서? (in Japanese). ZDNet Korea. 2011-04-07. Archived from the original on 2013-10-23. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  62. ^ Conditt, Jessica (2013-01-23). "Black Ops 2, Warfighter banned in Pakistan for depicting country in 'very poor light'". Joystiq. Archived from the original on 2013-02-04. Retrieved 2014-07-15.
  63. ^ "Call of Duty®: Black Ops II on Steam". store.steampowered.com. Retrieved 2017-07-20.
  64. ^ "VALKYRIE DRIVE -BHIKKHUNI- on Steam". store.steampowered.com. Retrieved 2017-07-20.
  65. ^ Long, Tony (19 November 2010). "Nov. 19, 1981: Marcos Regime Puts the Kibosh on Games". Wired. Archived from the original on 2015-02-26. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
  66. ^ "President Marcos bans video game machines". Logansport Pharos-Tribune. 19 November 1981. p. 17. Archived from the original on 2015-03-20. Retrieved February 26, 2015 – via Newspapers.com. open access publication – free to read
  67. ^ "Presidential Decree No. 519 - Supra Source". Archived from the original on 2016-01-07. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
  68. ^ Dillon, Roberto (12 April 2011). The Golden Age of Video Games: The Birth of a Multibillion Dollar Industry. Page xvii: CRC Press. ISBN 1439873232.
  69. ^ "DOTA banned in internet shops in Cavite village". GMA News. 21 January 2015. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
  70. ^ http://www.gcam.gov.sa/ar/AboutGcam/AgeClassification/Pages/AgeClassificationList.aspx Archived 2018-06-16 at the Wayback Machine. (Only Arabic Texture)
  71. ^ "{title}". Archived from the original on 2018-06-16. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  72. ^ Electronic Arts ME [@EA_ME] (15 March 2018). "‏للأسف فلعبة A Way Out لا تتماشى مع بعض شروط الإطلاق التي تنص عليها الهيئة العامة للإعلام المرئي والمسموع، لذا فاللعبة لن تتوفر في أسواق الشرق الأوسط. كما نود التأكيد على عدم احتواء A Way Out على اللغة العربية" (Tweet) (in Arabic). Retrieved 25 June 2018 – via Twitter.
  73. ^ Cowen, Nick (2009-11-17). "Call Of Duty: Modern Warfare 2 not banned in Russia, says Activision". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 2010-10-20. Retrieved 21 October 2010.
  74. ^ "Singapore Bans Half-Life". Gamespot. 24 January 2000. Archived from the original on 2016-05-23. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  75. ^ "Half-Life ban lifted". Gamespot. 3 February 2000. Archived from the original on 2016-01-07. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  76. ^ "Singapore Bans Game Over Lesbian Scene." Archived 2009-02-26 at the Wayback Machine. ABC News.
  77. ^ "Ban lifted on Xbox game with sex scene". The New Zealand Herald. Reuters. November 18, 2007. Retrieved October 14, 2011.
  78. ^ "The Darkness - Banned in Singapore (Game Axis)". Archived from the original on 2007-12-15. Retrieved 2007-11-13.
  79. ^ Korea lifts game censorship Archived 2007-08-27 at the Wayback Machine. by Emma Boyes, 2006-12-29, GameSpot
  80. ^ "สั่งแบนGTA ร้านเกมไหนมีโดนจับ". Daily News (in Thai). ThaiNN.com. 2008-08-06. Archived from the original on 2008-08-17. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
  81. ^ "สลด! ม.6 แทงโหดฆ่าแท็กซี่ เลียนแบบเกมโจร GTA". Thai Rath (in Thai). Sanook.com. 2008-08-04. Archived from the original on 2009-03-31. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
  82. ^ "Grand Theft Auto V on Steam". store.steampowered.com. Retrieved 2017-07-20.
  83. ^ "{title}". Archived from the original on 2018-08-01. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  84. ^ Salama, Samir (2018-02-20). "New UAE ratings system for films, games, books". Gulf News. Archived from the original on 2018-05-21. Retrieved 2018-05-20.
  85. ^ Tyler Nagata (February 1, 2011). "BlazBlue: Continuum Shift banned in United Arab Emirates". gamesradar. Archived from the original on 2015-10-09. Retrieved 2012-08-06.
  86. ^ "UAE: Darksiders banned". Archived from the original on 2010-01-13. Retrieved 2010-09-12.
  87. ^ "Dead Island banned". Archived from the original on 2011-09-10. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
  88. ^ "Official Geekay Games (U.A.E.'s biggest video game retailer) Facebook page stating Dead Rising 2 is banned in the U.A.E." Archived from the original on 2017-06-02. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  89. ^ a b "Mass Effect 2 and Dragon Age: Origins now banned in the UAE". Archived from the original on 2010-08-11.
  90. ^ "Official Geekay Games (U.A.E.'s biggest video game retailer) Facebook page stating Fallout: New Vegas is banned in the U.A.E." Archived from the original on 2016-01-07. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  91. ^ "The Godfather II Banned in the UAE". Archived from the original on 2010-09-18.
  92. ^ Lau, Evelyn (2018-04-17). "God of War approved for UAE release". The National. Archived from the original on 2018-05-21. Retrieved 2018-05-20.
  93. ^ Fakhruddin, Mufaddal (2015-11-04). "Steam to Show Prices in UAE Dirhams". IGN Middle East. Retrieved 2016-04-05.
  94. ^ "{title}". Archived from the original on 2016-07-18. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  95. ^ "Heavy Rain? Not in the UAE". Archived from the original on 2010-09-26.
  96. ^ a b Fakhruddin, Mufaddal (2013-04-29). "Injustice: Gods Among Us Banned in UAE, Kuwait". IGN Middle East. Archived from the original on 2013-05-01. Retrieved 2013-04-30.
  97. ^ "Mafia II video game banned in the UAE". Archived from the original on 2011-11-21. Retrieved 2010-11-12.
  98. ^ Fakhruddin, Mufaddal (2012-06-14). "Max Payne 3 Banned in UAE". IGN Middle East. Archived from the original on 2012-06-17. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
  99. ^ "Max Payne 3 on Steam". store.steampowered.com. Retrieved 2017-07-20.
  100. ^ "Red Dead Redemption Banned?". Archived from the original on 2010-05-20.
  101. ^ "Official Geekay Games (U.A.E.'s biggest video game retailer) Facebook page stating Red Dead Redemption now unbanned in the U.A.E." Archived from the original on 2016-01-07. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  102. ^ "Wild West video game bucks trend". Archived from the original on 2013-06-16. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
  103. ^ "UAE bans gaming website popular among children". The National. Archived from the original on 2018-06-15. Retrieved 2018-06-15.
  104. ^ BYA Gamer (June 12, 2018). "ROBLOX banned in United Arab Emirates". ROBLOX inc. Retrieved 2012-08-06.
  105. ^ "Saints Row: The Third banned in the UAE". Archived from the original on 2018-06-16. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  106. ^ Simpson, Colin Simpson (2012-06-21). "Spec Ops game preview blocked in UAE". The National. Archived from the original on 2012-07-25. Retrieved 2012-07-21.
  107. ^ "Spec Ops: The Line - Banned in the UAE and the region". Moey's.net. 2012-06-20. Archived from the original on 2012-07-28. Retrieved 2012-07-21.
  108. ^ "PlayStation 3 port of Spec Ops: The Line available via Geekay Games' online store, but notes is not for sale in the U.A.E. (Xbox 360 port is also included, and treated likewise.)". Archived from the original on 2013-03-07. Retrieved 2012-07-21.
  109. ^ Fakhruddin, Mufaddal (2014-07-20). "Watch Dogs Middle East Release Date Announced". IGN Middle East. Archived from the original on 2014-07-29. Retrieved 2014-08-02.
  110. ^ "PEGI ratings become UK's single video game age rating system". The Association For UK Interactive Entertainment. 2012-07-30. Archived from the original on 2012-10-28. Retrieved 2012-12-10.
  111. ^ The Digital Download BBFC Loophole Archived 2016-03-07 at the Wayback Machine. by Phil Lee & Ray Coyle, 2007-11-28, (MCV)
  112. ^ "Banned But Still On The Road" Archived 2015-06-29 at the Wayback Machine. The Independent.
  113. ^ "UK: Manhunt 2 Banned, Rockstar Responds - Edge Magazine". Next-gen.biz. 2007-06-19. Archived from the original on 2012-09-09. Retrieved 2011-10-26.
  114. ^ "Case Study: The Punisher". bbfc.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2014-11-12. Retrieved 2014-11-12.
  115. ^ "FTC report: retailers clamping down on M-rated game sales". Ars Technica. Condé Nast Publications. Archived from the original on 2013-12-02. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
  116. ^ Boyd, S. Gregory (November 1, 2010). "Video Game Regulation and the Supreme Court: Schwarzenegger v. Entertainment Merchants Association". Gamasutra. UBM plc. Archived from the original on 2010-11-02. Retrieved November 1, 2010.
  117. ^ Kravets, David (June 27, 2011). "States May Not Ban Sale, Rental of Violent Videogames to Minors". Wired. Condé Nast Publications. Archived from the original on 2011-06-29. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  118. ^ "Topless teen sues over 'The Guy Game'". CNET. Archived from the original on 2016-08-25. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  119. ^ "The Guy Game banned, goes straight to video". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 2016-09-05. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  120. ^ "Epic judgment doubled, Silicon Knights ordered to pay over $9 million. Silicon Knights were ordered to pay $4.45 Million in damages to Epic Games". Archived from the original on 2018-07-26. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  121. ^ "Silicon Knights, Inc. v. Epic Games, Inc. Filing: 862". Archived from the original on 2018-08-29. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  122. ^ "We could use more 'Adults Only' games, says ESRB's Vance". Gamasutra. April 10, 2012. Archived from the original on 2014-11-11. Retrieved September 5, 2014.
  123. ^ "Why the Adults Only rating may be pointless and harmful to games as an art form". Polygon. Vox Media. Archived from the original on 2014-04-03. Retrieved March 22, 2014.
  124. ^ Ben Kuchera (February 20, 2014). "The cold war on the Adults Only rating must stop if gaming is to grow up". Polygon. Archived from the original on 2014-10-07. Retrieved September 5, 2014.
  125. ^ "A history of (muted) violence". Polygon. Vox Media. Archived from the original on 2014-03-22. Retrieved March 22, 2014.
  126. ^ "EA kills 'Thrill Kill' game before release". ZDNet. October 15, 1998. Archived from the original on November 16, 2006. Retrieved December 18, 2006.
  127. ^ "Hidden sex scenes hit GTA rating". BBC News. July 21, 2005. Archived from the original on 2006-12-24. Retrieved December 18, 2006.
  128. ^ "San Andreas rated AO, Take-Two suspends production". GameSpot. CNET Networks. Archived from the original on 2006-02-03. Retrieved July 1, 2006.
  129. ^ "FTC Hot Coffee ruling scalds, but doesn't burn Take-Two". GameSpot. CNET Networks. Archived from the original on July 8, 2006. Retrieved July 1, 2006.
  130. ^ http://www.tsj.gov.ve/gaceta/Diciembre/3122009/3122009.pdf#page=2 Archived 2010-03-31 at the Wayback Machine.
  131. ^ Hoy entra en vigencia ley que prohibe videojuegos y juguetes bélicos Archived 2010-05-08 at the Wayback Machine.. Noticias24. Retrieved 2010-06-08.
  132. ^ Chávez la emprende de nuevo contra la muñeca "Barbie" y la "Play Station" Archived 2010-04-06 at the Wayback Machine.. Noticias24. Retrieved 2010-06-08.
  133. ^ GNB destruyó 5 mil 600 juguetes bélicos en Lara Archived 2010-06-18 at the Wayback Machine.. Noticias24. Retrieved 2010-06-08.
  134. ^ Foto: Prensa Core4. "En fotos: GNB destruye juguetes y videojuegos bélicos en Portuguesa". Noticias24.com. Archived from the original on 2011-10-01. Retrieved 2011-10-26.
  135. ^ Inside Telecom Vol. V #85, Sección Agenda. 2009-11-16.
  136. ^ Cultores de God of War III esperan ayuda del Olimpo Archived 2010-03-28 at the Wayback Machine.. Hormiga Analítica. Retrieved 2010-06-08.
  137. ^ "Welcome to Steam". store.steampowered.com. Retrieved 2017-07-20.[permanent dead link]