List of battles 1301–1600

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Early 14th century (1301–50)[edit]

Year Battle Loc. Description
1302 Battle of the Golden Spurs Belgium 11 July – In Flanders, Flemish burghers led by William of Jülich and Pieter de Coninck defeat French knights.
1302 Battle of Bapheus Turkey 27 July – The founder of the Ottoman dynasty Osman I defeats a Byzantine force.
1303 Battle of Dimbos Turkey Ottomans defeat Byzantine governors.
1303 Battle of Marj al-Saffar (1303) Syria Mamluks decisively defeat the Ilkhanate and their Armenian allies, last Mongol invasion of Syria.
1303 Conquest of Sylhet Bangladesh Muslims led by Shamsuddin Firuz Shah conquer the Hindu Gour Kingdom led by Gour Govinda.
1304 Battle of Happrew United Kingdom February – English defeat a small Scottish army.
1304 Second Siege of Stirling Castle United Kingdom April – July – Edward I besieges the Scots successfully. The Warwolf siege engine is constructed and first used during this battle.
1304 Battle of Mons-en-Pévèle France 17 August – Lowland rebels defeat the French under King Philip IV. The French claim victory, as they remained in possession of the battlefield while suffering the heavier losses.
1305 Battle of Amroha India 20 December - Delhi Sultanate defeats invading forces of Chagatai Khanate.
1306 Battle of Methven United Kingdom Forces of the Earl of Pembroke defeat newly crowned Robert the Bruce and his small Scottish army.
1307 Battle of Loudoun Hill United Kingdom Scots under Robert Bruce defeat the greater English army.
1311 Battle of Halmyros Greece 15 March – Catalan Company defeats Walter V, Count of Brienne of Athens and goes on to capture Athens and Thebes.
1312 Battle of Gallipoli Turkey 2,000 Turcopoles are annihilated by a combined Byzantine, Kingdom of Serbia, and Genoese force.
1312 Battle of Amorgos Greece Knights Hospitaller destroy the fleet of Menteshe.
1313 Battle of Gammelsdorf Germany 9 November – Louis the Bavarian defeats his cousin Frederick I of Austria.
1314 Battle of Bannockburn United Kingdom Robert the Bruce defeats Edward II, takes Stirling Castle and secures Scottish independence.
1315 Battle of Montecatini Italy 29 August – Pisa defeats allied forces of Florence and the Kingdom of Naples.
1315 Battle of Morgarten Switzerland 15 November – Swiss defeat Leopold I, Duke of Austria decisively.
1316 Battle of Picotin Greece 22 February – Ferdinand of Majorca defeats Matilda of Hainaut and the Achaean barons loyal to her.
1316 Battle of Manolada Greece 5 July – Louis of Burgundy defeats the Majorcans, Ferdinand of Majorca is slain.
1316 Second Battle of Athenry Republic of Ireland 10 August – English defeat the Irish under Felim O'Connor, King of Connacht.
1318 Battle of Dysert O'Dea Republic of Ireland Irish under Ó Deághaidh defeat the English Lordship.
1318 Battle of Faughart Republic of Ireland English defeat a Scots–Irish army under Edward Bruce, who is slain.
1319 Battle of Chios Greece The Knights Hospitaller and the Genoese of the Lordship of Chios score a crushing victory over an Aydinid fleet.
1320 Battle of Saint George Greece The Byzantines under Andronikos Asen ambush and defeat the forces of the Principality of Achaea, securing possession of Arcadia.
1322 Battle of Bliska Croatia A coalition of Croatian noblemen defeat Mladen II Šubić of Bribir, Ban of Croatia.
1322 Battle of Burton Bridge United Kingdom English Royal forces defeat a rebel English army.
1322 Battle of Boroughbridge United Kingdom English Royal forces defeat a rebel English army fighting for the Scots.
1322 Battle of Mühldorf Germany 28 September – Louis the Bavarian defeats and captures Frederick I of Austria.
1323 Siege of Warangal (1323) India Delhi Sultanate conquers Kakatiya Empire.
1325 Battle of Zappolino Italy Communal struggle between Bologna and Modena, Modena emerges victorious.
1325 Battle of Varey France Vienne under Guigues de la Tour-du-Pin defeat the Savoyards.
1328 Battle of Cassel France French under Philip VI defeat a revolting Flemish peasant army, killing their leaders.
1329 Battle of Pelekanon Turkey 10 June – The second ruler of the Ottoman dynasty, Orhan I, defeats the Byzantine emperor Andronicus III.
1329 Battle of Ardnocher Republic of Ireland Irish force led by William MacGeoghegan defeats English army under Thomas Butler, who is killed.
1330 Battle of Posada Romania 9 November – Basarab I of Wallachia defeats Charles I of Hungary.
1330 Battle of Fiodh-an-Átha Republic of Ireland Ualgarg O'Rourke is defeated by the English.
1331 Battle of Dupplin Moor United Kingdom English supporting Edward Balliol, Scottish pretender, defeat the Scots.
1332 Battle of Płowce Poland 27 September- Poland's Ladislas IV Lokietek defeats Teutonic Knights.
1333 Battle of Halidon Hill United Kingdom 19 July – Edward III of England avenges Bannockburn.
1336 Battle of Minatogawa Japan Kusunoki Masashige, obeying Emperor Go-Daigo's orders, leads an imperial army into a disastrous defeat by the Ashikaga. Kusunoki commits suicide.
1337 Battle of Cadzand Netherlands English defeat pro-French garrison of Cadsand in Flanders.
1337 Siege of Kanegasaki Japan Ashikaga victory during Nanboku-cho Wars.
1338 Battle of Arnemuiden Netherlands French victory over the English fleet.
1339 Battle of Parabiago Italy Rebel Lodrisio Visconti is defeated by the Visconti of Milan's army.
1340 Battle of Sluys Netherlands 24 June – Edward III beats the Franco-Genoese fleet of Philip VI of France off the coast of Flanders and gains control of the English Channel.
1340 Battle of Saint-Omer France 26 July – Anglo-Flemish force driven back from the town by a French army.
1340 Battle of Río Salado Spain 30 October – Alfonso XI of Castile and Afonso IV of Portugal defeat the Marinid under Sultan Abul-Hassan and the Granadine under King Yusuf I.
1341 Battle of Champtoceaux France 13 October −16 October – Begins Breton War of Succession.
1342 Battle of Brest France 18 August – English fleet defeats Genoese mercenaries.
1342 Battle of Morlaix France Besieged by the English, a French relief army broke the siege of Morlaix. When the English retreated into a wood, the French withdrew.
1344 Battle of Stephaniana Greece May – Turks from the Emirate of Aydin defeat a Serbian army in northern Greece.
1345 Battle of Auberoche France English relief army lift a siege by the French.
1345 Battle of Gamenario Italy Ghibelline Asti and John II, Marquess of Montferrat defeat the Neapolitan Guelph League army.
1345 Battle of Lough Neagh United Kingdom Naval battle between Hugh O'Neill and the Clann Hugh Buidhe.
1345 Battle of Peritheorion Greece 7 July – A Byzantine-Turkish army under John VI Kantakouzenos and Umur Bey defeats and kills the renegade lord Momchil in the Rhodope.
1345 Battle of Warns Netherlands Frisians defeat Dutch invasion force led by William IV, Count of Holland.
1345 Siege of Kaffa (Second) UkraineRussia 1345-46 The Golden Horde again lays siege to the Genoese city of Kaffa on the Black Sea, but withdraws due to the Black Death.
1346 Battle of Calry Lough Gill Republic of Ireland O Rourke soundly defeated by the O Connors.
1346 Battle of St Pol de Léon France English defeat the French.
1346 Battle of Caen France English force capture and sack the town.
1346 Battle of Blanchetaque France English under Edward III cross the Somme.
1346 Battle of Crécy France 26 August – English longbowmen defeat French cavalry at Abbeville.
1346 Battle of Neville's Cross United Kingdom English defeat the Scots under King David Bruce.
1347 Siege of Calais France 4 September 1346 – 3 August 1347 – English forces capture the city.
1347 Battle of Porta San Lorenzo Italy (Rome) – November – The people of Rome defeat the baronial troops of Stefano Colonna.
1347 Battle of La Roche-Derrien France English relief army lift a French siege.
1348 Battle of Strėv Lithuania Teutonic Order defeats the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
1349 Battle of Lunalonge France Anglo-Gascons hold the upper hand during the day over the French but the Anglo-Gascons have to withdraw during the night.
1349 Battle of Llucmajor Spain 25 October – James IV of Majorca defeated and killed by troops of Aragon.
1350 Les Espagnols sur Mer United Kingdom English fleet defeats Castilian fleet.

Late 14th century (1351–1400)[edit]

Year Battle Loc. Description
1351 Combat of the Thirty France Thirty French knights from Chateau Josselin under Jean de Beaumanoir call out and defeat thirty English knights under Robert Bemborough.
1351 Battle of Saintes France English relief army lifted a French siege.
1351 Battle of Ardres France French defeated the English.
1352 Battle of Mauron France Anglo-Bretons defeated the French.
1354 Battle of Sapienza Greece Genoans destroy Venetian fleet.
1354 Fall of Gallipoli Turkey March – Ottoman Turks under Sultan Orhan capture Gallipoli, giving them a bridgehead into Europe.
1356 Baile Loch Deacair Republic of Ireland In southern Connacht.
1356 Battle of Poitiers France 25 October – Edward the Black Prince captures King John II of France, France plunges into chaos.
1357 Battle of Bubat Indonesia Majapahit Prime Minister Gajah Mada has the Sunda royal family killed.
1358 Battle of Mello France Army of French nobles crushes the peasant Jacquerie.
1359 Battle of Campo delle Mosche Italy 23 July - Florentines defeat Great Company.
1361 Battle of Visby Sweden Danish defeated the Swedish.
1362 Battle of Helsingborg Sweden Danish fleet beat Hanseatic fleet in Danish–German War (aka First Danish War with the Hanseatic League).
1362 Battle of Brignais France 6 April – Free Companies defeat the French.
1362 Siege of Kaunas Lithuania March 13-April 17 - Teutonic Order defeats Grand Duchy of Lithuania, captures and razes castle.
1362 Battle of Guadix Spain Granada defeats Castile.
1362/1363 Battle of Blue Waters Ukraine The Pagan Lithuanians defeat Islamic Tatar Forces.
1363 Battle of Lake Poyang China Ming dynasty decisively defeats Yuan dynasty and kills their commander Chen Youliang.
1364 Battle of Cocherel France 16 May – French defeat Gascon-Navarrese-English.
1364 Battle of Cascina Italy 28 July – Battle between the Republic of Pisa and the Republic of Florence.
1364 Battle of Auray France 29 September – End of Breton War of Succession, English defeat Franco-Bretons.
1365 Battle of Adrianople Turkey Capture by Ottoman Turks.
1367 Battle of Nájera Spain English under the Black Prince and Don Pedro of Castile defeated the Franco-Castilians.
1369 Battle of Montiel Spain Franco-Castilians under King Henry II of Castile defeated Portuguese-Marinids-Grenadines-Jews under his half-brother Don Pedro of Castile, who is captured and executed.
1369 Siege of Algeciras (1369) Spain July - Granada retakes city from Castile.
1370 Battle of Rudau Russia February - Teutonic Knights defeat Lithuanians.
1370 Battle of Pontvallain France French victory against English.
1370 Siege of Balkh (1370) Afghanistan Timur defeats and has killed his brother-in-law Amir Husayn and gains control of the western Chagatai.
1371 Battle of Baesweiler Germany Edward, Duke of Guelders and William II, Duke of Jülich defeat Wenceslaus, Duke of Brabant.
1371 Battle of Maritsa Greece 26 September – Serbs under their ruler, King Vukašin of Serbia, were defeated by an Ottoman force.
1372 Battle of La Rochelle France Naval battle. Castilian fleet defeats the English fleet. English sea dominance destroyed.
1373 Battle of Chiset France French defeated an English relief army trying to lift the siege of Chiset.
1377 Cesena Bloodbath Italy 2,500/5,000 inhabitants of the Italian city of Cesena are slaughtered by Papal troops led by John Hawkwood during the War of the Eight Saints.
1377 Battle on Pyana River Russia The Russian troops are defeated, while their commander drowns in the river.
1377 Battle of Dubravnica Serbia Moravian Serbia defeated the Ottoman Empire.
1378 Battle of the Vozha River Russia Moscow defeats the Golden Horde.
1380 Battle of Kulikovo Russia Dmitry Donskoy of Moscow halts the Mongols.
1380 Second Battle of the Kalka River Russia Tokhtamysh defeats Mamai and gains control of the Blue Horde.
1381 Battle of North Walsham United Kingdom Forces led by Henry le Despenser defeat the rebels of Norfolk at the end of the English Peasants' Revolt.
1382 Battle of Roosebeke Belgium French and Castilian forces under King Charles VI of France defeated Flemish and English forces.
1382 Siege of Moscow (1382) Russia Tokhtamysh of the Golden Horde takes back control of Moscow from the Grand Duchy of Moscow.
1383 Trian Chongail Hugh O Neill and Robin Savage kill each other in a cavalry charge.
1384 Battle of Atoleiros Portugal 6 April – Nuno Álvares Pereira (Portuguese general) defeats Castile.
1384 Siege of Lisbon Portugal Portugal successfully defends its capital from the Castilians.
1384 Battle of Leça Portugal The Castilian blockade to Porto is stopped.
1384 Battle of Tejo Portugal The Portuguese win a naval battle in the Tagus river.
1385 Battle of Tochar Cruachain-Bri-Ele Republic of Ireland O Conchobhair, King of Uí Falighe, soundly defeats the English of Meath.
1385 Battle of Trancoso Portugal An army sent by John I of Castile is defeated by the Portuguese.
1385 Battle of Aljubarrota Portugal 14 August – Portugal maintains independence from Castile, John I establishes Avis dynasty.
1385 Battle of Valverde Spain 14 October – A Portuguese army defeated a Castilian army.
1385 Battle of Savra Albania Serbian forces under Balša II and Ivaniš Mrnjavčević were defeated by Ottoman commander Hayreddin Pasha near Berat.
1386 Battle of the Vikhra River Belarus 29 April - Grand Duchy of Lithuania decisively defeats the Principality of Smolensk and make the principality agree to be their vassal.
1386 Battle of Sempach Switzerland 9 July Swiss defeat Leopold III of Austria.
1386 Battle of Pločnik Serbia Serbian victory and first serious defeat for the Ottoman army in the Balkans.
1386 Siege of Tbilisi (1386) Georgia (country) Timur decisively defeats the Kingdom of Georgia.
1387 Battle of Castagnaro Italy 11 March – Giovanni Ordelaffi and Ostasio da Polenta, for Verona, defeated by John Hawkwood and Francesco Novello Carraresi, for Padua.
1387 Battle of Margate 24–25 March – An English fleet under Richard, Earl of Arundel defeats a Franco-Castilian-Flemish wine fleet under Sir Jean de Bucq in the area of the southern North Sea between Margate and Cadzand.
1387 Siege of Isfahan (1387) Iran Timur annexes Isfahan and nearby territories from the Muzaffarids.
1388 Battle of Buir Lake March Ming Chinese army under general Lan Yu decisively defeated Mongol Northern Yuan dynasty, more than 100,000 Mongols killed or captured.
1388 Battle of Otterburn United Kingdom 19 August English defeated in Scottish/English border dispute.
1388 Battle of Bileća Bosnia and Herzegovina 27 August Bosnians and Serbians defeat the Ottomans.
1389 Battle of Kosovo Polje Kosovo A Turkish army gathered by Murad I and a Serbian army under Knez Lazar beat each other into the ground. The battle was a draw, yet in the wake of it the Serbs were left with too few men to effectively defend their lands, while the Turks had many more troops in the east. Both Lazar and Murad lost their lives in the battle.
1391 Battle of Alessandria Italy Mercenary army of Gian Galeazzo Visconti of Milan beat that of Jean III of Armagnac.
1391 Battle of the Kondurcha River Russia Timur defeats Tokhtamysh of the Golden Horde.
1394 Battle of Ros-mic-Triuin Republic of Ireland King of Leinster attacks and defeats the English.
1394 Battle of Rovine Romania 10 October – Mircea cel Batrin the voievod of Wallachia defeated Bayezid I, sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
1395 Battle of the Terek River Russia 15 April - Timur decisively defeats Tokhtamysh.
1395 Battle of Portomaggiore Italy 16 April – Astorre I Manfredi for the Republic of Venice and Niccolò III d'Este beat Ferrarese rebel Azzo X d'Este.
1396 Battle of the North Inch United Kingdom Scottish clan battle.
1396 Battle of Nicopolis Bulgaria 25 September – French–Hungarian crusade defeated by the Ottoman Empire.
1398 Siege of Delhi (1398) India Timur defeats the Sultanate of Delhi and sacks their capital, weakening Delhi for a century.
1399 Battle of Tragh-Bhaile Republic of Ireland The Anglo-Irish defeat the sons of Henry O Neill.
1399 Battle of the Vorskla River Ukraine Vytautas the Great of Lithuania is defeated by generals of Tamerlane.

Early 15th century (1401–50)[edit]

Year Battle Loc. Description
1400 Siege of Damascus (1400) Syria Timur defeats Mamluk Sultanate and annexes Damascus.
1401 Battle of Mynydd Hyddgen United Kingdom mid-June – Welsh rebels under Owain Glyndŵr defeat an army of English and Flemish soldiers near Aberystwyth.
1401 Battle of Tuthill United Kingdom November – inconclusive battle between English and Welsh near Caernarfon.
1402 Battle of Casalecchio Italy 26 January – Alberico da Barbiano for Milan defeats BologneseFlorentine army under Muzio Attendolo.
1402 Battle of Bryn Glas United Kingdom 22 June – English army routed in mid-Wales; Owain Glyndŵr's revolt spreads.
1402 Battle of Angora
or Battle of Ankara
Turkey 20 July – Timur defeats and captures Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I in Anatolia.
1402 Battle of Nesbit Moor United Kingdom Clash between English and Scottish prior to the Battle of Homildon Hill.
1402 Battle of Homildon Hill United Kingdom 14 September - Scottish raiding force is defeated in Northern England.
1402 Siege of Smyrna Turkey December - Timur defeats the Knights of Rhodes and razes Smyrna.
1403 Battle of Shrewsbury United Kingdom 21 July – Lancastrians defeat rebel army including Welsh soldiers led by Henry Percy, "Hotspur".
1403 Siege of Birtvisi (1403) Georgia (country) Timur besieges fortress of the Georgian Kingdom.
1405 Battle of Pwll Melyn United Kingdom May – Owain Glyndŵr's rebels defeated near Usk.
1406 Cluain Immorrais Republic of Ireland The King of Uí Falighe defeats the Galls of Meath.
1406 Battle of Tuiteam Tarbhach United Kingdom Scottish clan battle fought between the Clan MacLeod of Lewis against the Clan MacKay.
1407 Battle of Lạng Sơn Vietnam 19 January - Ming Chinese forces defeated Đại Ngu forces.
1407 Battle of Sông Phú Lương Vietnam Chinese Ming Dynasty decisively defeated the Vietnamese Hồ Dynasty, led to the Ming conquest of Đại Ngu.
1408 Battle of Bramham Moor United Kingdom 19 February - The Percy Rebellion is finally crushed by King Henry IV of England.
1408 Battle of Othée Belgium 23 September - John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy defeats rebels from the city of Liege.
1409 Battle of Sanluri Italy 30 June - Aragon defeats the giudicato di Arborea, last independent kingdom of Sardinia.
1409 Battle of Kherlen Mongolia 23 September - The Mongols under Öljei Temür Khan defeated Ming China on 23 September 1409.
1410 Battle of Grunwald
or Battle of Tannenberg
Poland 15 July - Polish and Lithuanian army under Władysław II Jagiełło break the spine of the Teutonic Knights under Ulrich von Jungingen.
1410 Battle of Koronowo Poland 10 October - Polish-Lithuania army defeat Teutonic Knights.
1411 Battle of Harlaw United Kingdom 24 July - Highlanders versus Lowland Scots ends in draw.
1412 Battle of Chalagan Azerbaijan December - Kara Koyunlu Turkomans defeat the Georgian army under Constantine I of Georgia and Shirvanshah Ibrahim, their ally.
1415 Battle of Ceuta Spain 21 August - Ceuta is captured by the Portuguese.
1415 Battle of Agincourt France 25 October - English longbowmen under Henry V defeat French under Charles d'Albret.
1416 Battle of Gallipoli Turkey A Venetian fleet under Pietro Loredan destroys the Ottoman fleet.
1418 Siege of Rouen France 19 July January 1419 – Henry V of England gains a foothold in Normandy.
1419 Siege of Ceuta Spain The Moors attempt to retake Ceuta but are easily repelled by the Portuguese.
1419-1428 Siege of Dong Quan Vietnam Ming city besieged every year of Lam Son uprising, eventually fell to Le Loi.
1419 Battle of la Rochelle France A Castilian fleet defeats an English-Hanseatic coalition fleet.
1420 Battle of Sudomer Czech Republic 25 March – Hussites led by Jan Žižka defeat Catholics.
1420 Battle of Vitkov Hill Czech Republic 12 June – 14 July – Hussite victory over the Crusaders of the Holy Roman Emperor.
1420 Battle of Vysehrad Czech Republic Series of engagements between the Hussite forces and the Holy Roman Emperor's crusaders.
1421 Battle of Bauge France The French and Scottish forces of Charles VII commanded by the Earl of Buchan defeat the forces of Henry V commanded by the Duke of Clarence.
1421 Battle of Kutna Hora Czech Republic 21 December – Hussites escape Royalist forces of Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund.
1422 Battle of Nebovidy Czech Republic 6 January – Jan Žižka leads the Hussites to victory over an Imperial army.
1422 Battle of Německý Brod Czech Republic 10 January – Hussites sack town.
1422 Battle of Arbedo Switzerland 30 June – Milanese led by Francesco Bussone fight the Swiss.
1422 Siege of Meaux France English led by Henry V fight the French.
1423 Battle of Horic Czech Republic 27 April – Taborites defeat Utraquists, ending the Hussite Civil War.
1423 Battle of Cravant France 31 July – English victory during Hundred Years' War.
1423 Battle of Verneuil France 17 August – English defeat French, killing two French earls.
1423 Battle of La Brossinière France French victory over English.
1424 Battle of L'Aquila Italy Jacopo Caldora and Micheletto Attendolo for the Kingdom of Naples defeat Braccio da Montone for Alfonso V of Aragon.
1424 Battle of Zagonara Italy The Florentines defeated by Filippo Maria Visconti's Milanese army under Count of Carmagnola.
1426 Battle of Brouwershaven Netherlands 13 January – Burgundian troops defeat combined Zeelander and English forces.
1426 Battle of St. James France 6 March – An English force defeats the French under Arthur de Richemont.
1426 Battle of Usti nad Labem Czech Republic 16 June – Hussites defeat Imperial forces in the modern-day Czech Republic.
1426 Battle of Khirokitia Cyprus 7 July – Mamelukes defeat intoxicated Cypriots.
1426 Battle of Tốt Động – Chúc Động Vietnam 5-7 November - Le Loi decisively defeats Ming dynasty. China agrees to Vietnam's independence.
1427 Battle of Maclodio Italy 4 October – Part of the Wars in Lombardy.
1428 Siege of Orléans France English forces commanded by the Earl of Suffolk besiege French city and are driven off by Joan of Arc.
1429 Battle of Jargeau France 11–12 June – Joan of Arc captures a bridge held by English over the Loire River. Her helmet saves her from a projectile.
1429 Battle of Meung-sur-Loire France 11–12 June The forces of Joan of Arc capture a second Loire River bridge.
1429 Battle of Beaugency France 16–17 June – Joan of Arc's forces capture a third Loire River bridge.
1429 Battle of Patay France 18 June – First major field victory of the French in the Hundred Years' War, recognized as the war's turning point.
1430 Siege of Thessalonica Greece 29 March – The city of Thessalonica, ruled by the Republic of Venice, is captured by the Ottoman Empire.
1430 Siege of Compiègne France 23 May – French victory but Joan of Arc is captured by Burgundians.
1431 Battle of Soncino Italy 17 May – Count of Carmagnola, for Venice, is defeated by the Visconti.
1431 Battle of Pavia Italy 22 May – The Venetian fleet is destroyed by the Milanese.
1431 Battle of Domažlice Czech Republic 14 August - Hussite army led by Prokop the Bald slaughters Crusaders.
1431 Battle of Inverlochy United Kingdom Royal English forces routed by Scottish Highlanders.
1432 Battle of Delebio Italy 18/19 November – Duchy of Milan and Valtellina fight the Republic of Venice.
1432 Battle of San Romano Italy Florence fought Siena.
1434 Battle of Lipany Czech Republic 30 May – Catholic Crusaders destroy Taborite army.
1435 Battle of Gerbevoy France French troops, under the command of La Hire, defeat English.
1435 Battle of Ponza Italy A Genoese fleet sent by Filippo Maria Visconti defeats the Aragonese of Alfonso V of Naples.
1435 Battle of Pabaiskas Lithuania The forces of Grand Duke Sigismund Kęstutaitis of Lithuania with the help of Polish troops defeated Švitrigaila and his Livonian allies.
1436 Battle of Piperdean United Kingdom Scottish victory over the English on the Scottish Borders.
1437 Battle of Belyov Russia Tatars defeat Moscow.
1439 Battle of Grotniki Poland Polish army defeats Hussite Protestants.
1440 Battle of Anghiari Italy 29 June – Niccolò Piccinino, overlord of Bologna, defeats Milanese Filippo Maria Visconti and is then opposed by Cosimo de Medici.
1440 Siege of Novo Brdo Kosovo Ottoman forces captured Novo Brdo, an important fortified mining town of Serbia.
1443 Battle of Zlatica Bulgaria December – Crusader advance stopped by the Ottoman army.
1444 Battle of Kunovica Serbia 2 or 5 January — Hungary, Poland, and Serbia defeated Ottoman forces.
1444 Battle of Varna Bulgaria 10 November - Ottoman Murad II defeats Hungarians, Poles, and Wallachians, King Władysław III of Poland killed.
1445 Battle of Gomit Ethiopia Emperor Zara Yaqob of Ethiopia defeats and kills Sultan Arwe Badlay of Adal.
1447 Battle of Damghan Iran Abdal-Latif Mirza captures Damghan.
1448 Battle of Sark United Kingdom 23 October – also known as Battle of Lochmabenstone – Anglo-Scottish conflicts.
1448 Battle of Caravaggio Italy 15 September - Ambrosian Republic (Milan's short-lived republic) fights the Republic of Venice.
1448 Battle of Kosovo Kosovo 17–20 October – Roman Catholic coalition defeated by Turkish and Orthodox forces.
1449 Battle of Alfarrobeira Portugal 20 May - Afonso V of Portugal defeats rebels of Pedro, Duke of Coimbra.
1449 Battle of Tumu Fortress China 1 September - conflict between the Mongols and the Chinese Ming dynasty.
1450 Battle of Formigny France 15 April - decisive French victory over English during the Hundred Years' War.

Late 15th century (1451–1500)[edit]

Year Battle Loc. Description
1453 Battle of Castillon France The Valois use cannon to defeat the Lancastrians, which ends the Hundred Years' War.
Battle of Constantinople Turkey 29 May – Mehmet II of the Ottoman Turks captures Constantinople (İstanbul), ending the Byzantine Empire.
1454 Battle of Chojnice Poland 18 September – Polish defeated by Teutonic Knights.
Battle of Leskovac Serbia 24 September - Serbs under command of Nikola Skobaljić defeat a larger Ottoman army.
Battle of Kruševac Serbia Serbian Despotate, allied with the Kingdom of Hungary, defeats invading Ottoman forces.
1455 Battle of Arkinholm United Kingdom Scottish Royal-Black Douglas civil war.
First Battle of St Albans United Kingdom 22 May – First battle of the Wars of the Roses, England.
1456 Siege of Belgrade Serbia 22 July Hungarian forces lift Ottoman siege, Sultan Mehmet II wounded.
1457 Battle of Direptatea Moldova April - Ştefan cel Mare, helped by Wallachian prince Vlad III the Impaler, defeated Petru Aron and became Voivod of Moldavia.
1459 Battle of Blore Heath United Kingdom 23 September – Yorkist knights defeat Lancastrians in War of the Roses.
Battle of Ludford Bridge United Kingdom 12 October – King Henry routs Yorkists in War of the Roses.
1460 Battle of Sandwich United Kingdom Yorkists land at Sandwich, rout Lancastrians.
Battle of Nola Italy John of Anjou's victory over Ferdinand of Naples.
Battle of Northampton United Kingdom 10 July – Warwick attacks royal camp and captures King Henry.
Battle of Wakefield United Kingdom 30 December – Queen Margaret's Lancastrians defeat Duke of York, who is killed in the fight.
1461 Battle of Mortimer's Cross United Kingdom 2 February – Yorkists defeat Lancastrians in the west.
Second Battle of St Albans United Kingdom 17 February – Lancastrians storm the town, chase out Yorkists.
Battle of Ferrybridge United Kingdom 28 March – Lancastrians ambush the Earl of Warwick and kill his second-in-command.
Battle of Towton United Kingdom 29 March – Edward IV of England defeats Lancastrian forces.
Siege of Trebizond Turkey 15 August – Ottoman Turks led by Mehmet II capture the capitol of the Empire of Trebizond, ending that empire.
1462 The Night Attack Romania 17 June – Vlad III Dracula attacks Mehmed II.
Battle of Świecino Poland 7 September – During the Thirteen Years' War, Poles defeated the Teutonic Order.
Siege of Mytilene Greece Ottoman Turks capture the capitol of Gattilusi Lesbos.
1463 Battle of Zatoka Świeża 15 September – Polish navy defeats Teutonic navy.
1464 Battle of Hedgeley Moor United Kingdom 25 April – Lancastrian rebels defeated.
Battle of Hexham United Kingdom 15 May – Yorkists under Montagu annihilate Lancastrians in a surprise attack.
1465 Battle of Montlhéry France 16 July – Troops of King Louis XI of France fight inconclusively against an army of great nobles.
1467 Battle of Molinella Italy 25 July – Bartolomeo Colleoni for Venice is defeated.
Battle of Brustem Belgium 28 October
Battle of Baia Romania 15 December – Ştefan cel Mare defeated Mathias Corvinus.
1469 Battle of Edgecote Moor United Kingdom 26 July – Warwick the Kingmaker triumphs over Edward IV.
1470 Battle of Lipnic Moldova Ştefan cel Mare defeats the Tatars.
Siege of Negroponte Greece Ottomans besiege and capture the Venetian fortress of Negroponte.
Battle of Lose-coat Field United Kingdom 12 March – Yorkists chase disrobing Lancastrians from the field.
1471 Battle of Ravenspur United Kingdom 14 March - Edward IV lands at Ravenspur and repulses token resistance.
Battle of Barnet United Kingdom 14 April – Confusion in the fog, Earl of Warwick killed.
Battle of Tewkesbury United Kingdom 4 May – Edward IV of England's final victory over the House of Lancaster.
Battle of Shelon Russia 14 July - Ivan the Great of Russia decisively defeats the Novgorod Republic, which is gradually absorbed by Muscovy.
Battle of Asilah Morocco 24 August – Portugal conquers Asilah from the Wattasids.
Battle of Brunkeberg Sweden 10 October – Denmark fights Sweden.
1473 Battle of Otlukbeli Turkey Mehmed II of Ottoman Turks decisively defeats Uzun Hasan of Akkoyunlu Turkomans.
1474 Siege of Neuss Germany Charles the Bold leads unsuccessful siege during Burgundy Wars.
Battle of Héricourt France Burgundy is defeated by the Swiss Cofederation.
Siege of Shkodra Albania Spring–8 August – Venice and Zeta defeat Ottoman besiegers.
1475 Battle of Vaslui Romania 10 January – Ştefan cel Mare defeats a huge Ottoman army.
Siege of Burgos Spain Supporters of Joanna are driven out of the Castle of Burgos.
Battle on the Planta (November) - Burgundy Wars
1476 Battle of Toro Spain 1 March - Indecisive: Prince John of Portugal defeated the Castilian right wing and remained in possession of the battlefield while his father Afonso V is defeated by the Castilian left-centre led by the Duke of Alba and Cardinal Mendoza. Both sides claimed victory.
Battle of Grandson Switzerland 2 March – A Swiss army defeats the Burgundians under Charles the Bold.
Battle of Morat Switzerland 22 June – The Swiss defeat Charles the Bold again.
Battle of Valea Albă Romania 26 July – Mehmed II defeats Ştefan cel Mare.
1477 Battle of Nancy France 5 January – Swiss pikemen defeat cavalry of Burgundy's Charles the Bold, who is killed.
1478 Battle of Macomer Italy Sardinian rebels are defeated by the Aragonese.
Battle of Guinea Ghana Castilian fleet is defeated and captured by the Portuguese.
Battle of Trowulan Indonesia Majapahit rebels backed by the Demak Sultanate are defeated by Girindrawardhana.
1479 Battle of Guinegate France 7 August – French troops are defeated by the Burgundians led by Maximilian of Habsburg.
Battle of Breadfield Romania 13 October – Pál Kinizsi, comite of Timișoara, defeated the Ottomans.
1480 Siege of Rhodes Greece May–28 July – Ottomans unsuccessfully besiege the Knights Hospitaller garrison on Rhodes.
Battle of Skibo and Strathfleet United Kingdom Clan Sutherland and Murrays of Aberscross defeat Clan Donald.
Battle of Bloody Bay United Kingdom A naval battle fought near Tobermory, Scotland, between John of Islay, Earl of Ross, the Lord of the Isles and chief of Clan Donald; and his son, Angus Óg Macdonald.
Battle of Lagabraad United Kingdom Clan Donald defeats Clan Mackenzie.
Battle of Otranto Italy Gedik Ahmed Pasha of the Ottoman Turks captures Otranto in the Italian peninsula.
Great Stand on the Ugra River Russia 8 October- 28 November - Ivan the Great makes army of the Golden Horde retreat without bloodshed. End of vassalage of the Russian states to Golden Horde.
1481 Battle of Yenişehir 22 June – The forces of Sultan Beyazit II of Ottoman Turks defeat the supporters of his brother and rival, Cem Sultan.
1482 Battle of Campomorto Italy 21 August – Papal army under Roberto Malatesta defeats Neapolitan troops led by Alfonso, Duke of Calabria.
1484 Battle of Lochmaben Fair United Kingdom Scottish Royal-Black Douglas civil war.
1485 Battle of Bosworth Field United Kingdom 22 August – Ends Wars of the Roses fought since 1460, Lacastrian Henry VII becomes king.
1486 Battle of Auldicharish United Kingdom Scottish clan battle
1487 Battle of Stoke United Kingdom 16 June – Henry VII of England finally defeats internal opposition.
1488 Battle of Sauchieburn United Kingdom 11 June – King James III defeated by Scottish nobles.
1491 Battle of Vrpile Croatia Early September – Forces of the Kingdom of Croatia defeat Ottoman Turks.
1492 Battle of Granada Spain 2 January – Ferdinand II of Aragon defeats the last Muslim kingdom in al-Andalus, the Emirate of Granada of Sultan Boabdil.
1493 Battle of Krbava field Croatia 9 September – Hundred Years' Croatian-Ottoman War Ottoman Turks defeat Croatians.
1494 First Battle of Acentejo Spain Guanches defeat Spainairds on island of Tenerife.
Battle of Aguere Spain Spanish defeat Guanches.
Second Battle of Acentejo Spain Spanish decisively defeat Guanches and annex the Canary Islands.
1495 Battle of Fornovo Italy 6 July – Francesco II Gonzaga of the Italian Holy League defeats Charles VIII of France.
1497 Battle of Codrii Cosminului Ukraine Ştefan cel Mare defeated John I of Poland.
Battle of Drumchatt United Kingdom Scottish clan battle
Siege of Samarkand (1497) Uzbekistan Babur of the Timurids takes city from Muhammad Shaybani.
1499 Battle of Zonchio
(or Battle of Sapienza
or First Battle of Lepanto)
Greece 25 August – the Ottoman fleet defeats the Venetian fleet.
1500 Battle of Hemmingstedt Germany 17 February – A peasant rebellion defeats a much larger ducal army by opening dykes and drowning them.
Battle of Lepanto Greece Ottoman fleet defeats Venetian fleet.
Battle of Vedrosha Russia 14 July – Russians beat the Lithuanians.

Early 16th century (1501–50)[edit]

Year Battle Loc. Description
1501 Siege of Samarkand (1501) Uzbekistan Babur loses Samarkand for the final time to the Uzbeks.
First Battle of Cannanore India 31 December–2 January 1502 – Portugal wins a naval battle against forces from Calicut.
1503 Battle of Ruvo Italy 23 February – Spain defeats France during the Second Italian War.
Battle of Cerignola Italy 21 April – Spain defeats France during the Second Italian War.
Battle of Garigliano Italy 27 December – Spain defeats France during the Second Italian War.
1504 Battle of Cochin India Portugeuse fend off attack from larger army led by the Zamorin of Calicut.
Battle of Ormuz Iran October – Portugal captures Ormuz.
Siege of Kabul Afghanistan Babur defeats Arghun dynasty.
1505 Siege of Kilwa Tanzania July - With 8 ships and 500 soldiers, Portuguese conquer harbor capital of the Kilwa Sultanate.
1506 Battle of Cannanore India March – The Portuguese defeat an Indian fleet.
1507 Battle of Barawa Somalia April - Portugeuse defeat Ajuran Sultanate, sack city but don't hold it.
1507 Siege of Cannanore India April–August – Portugal successfully defends Kannur.
1508 Battle of Chaul India March – The Portuguese lose their first Indian Ocean naval battle against the Mamluks.
1509 Battle of Diu India 3 February – Portuguese Viceroy destroys Moslem fleet off the coast of India, wrests control of spice trade.
Battle of Agnadello
(Battle of Vaila)
Italy 14 May – French defeat Venetians during War of the League of Cambrai.
Siege of Padua Italy 15–30 September - Venice captures Padua during War of the League of Cambrai.
Battle of Polesella Italy 22 December - A fleet of the Republic of Venice is destroyed on the Po River by the Ferrarese artillery during War of the League of Cambrai.
1510 Conquest of Goa India Afonso de Albuquerque conquers Goa from the Bijapur Sultanate.
1511 Siege of Mirandola Italy January 1511 - City captured by Pope Julius II during the War of the League of Cambrai.
Capture of Malacca Malaysia Portugeuse under Afonso de Albuquerque conquer the Sultanate of Malacca.
Battle of Ab Darrah Pass Afghanistan Babur retakes Transoxiana from the Khanate of Bukhara.
1512 Sack of Brescia Italy 18 February - French troops overrun the Italian town of Brescia during the War of the League of Cambrai.
Battle of Ravenna Italy 11 April – Gaston de Foix, although killed in the battle, defeats the Spanish during War of the League of Cambrai.
Battle of Ghazdewan Uzbekistan Khanate of Bukhara defeat Timurids and Safavids. Afterwards, Babur gives up on retaking Central Asia.
1513 Battle of Novara Italy 6 June – Holy League defeats France during War of the League of Cambrai.
Battle of Guinegate
(Battle of the Spurs)
France 16 August – Henry VIII and Emperor Maximilian I crush French during War of the League of Cambrai.
Battle of Azemmour Morocco 28-29 August - Portugal defeats Morocco's Wattasid dynasty.
Battle of Flodden Field United Kingdom 9 September - Henry VIII's army under Earl of Surrey killed James IV of Scotland.
Battle of La Motta Italy 7 October – Spain defeats Venice during War of the League of Cambrai.
1514 Battle of Orsha Belarus 8 September – Polish–Lithuanian army defeated the army of Muscovy.
Battle of Chaldiran Iran Selim I of Ottoman Turks defeats Persian Safavids.
1515 Battle of Marignano Italy 13–14 September – France defeats Milan during War of the League of Cambrai.
Arumer Zwarte Hoop Netherlands Army of peasant rebels in Friesland fights the Dutch authorities.
1516 War of Urbino Italy Francesco Maria I della Rovere quickly reconquers Urbino.
Siege of Arai Japan 11 July – The Hōjō Clan captures Arai castle.
Battle of Marj Dabiq Syria 24 August – Selim I of Ottoman Turks defeats the Mamelukes and captures Syria.
Battle of Yaunis Khan State of Palestine 28 October – Ottoman Empire defeats the Mamelukes.
1517 Battle of Ridaniya Egypt Ottoman Turks under Selim I defeat Mamelukes and capture Egypt.
1519 Battle of Bajaur Pakistan Babur defeats the tribes of the Bajaur region and massacres 3,000 Bajauris.
Battle of Centla Mexico After arriving in the New World, Hernán Cortés defeats the Mayan state of Tabasco in battle.
1520 Battle of Raichur India May - Vijayanagara Empire defeats Sultanate of Bijapur.
Battle of the Night of Sorrows Mexico 30 June – The Aztec Empire defeats the Spanish troops of Hernán Cortés.
Battle of Otumba Mexico 7 July - Spain under Hernán Cortés and Tlaxcala defeat the Aztecs.
1521 Battle of Mactan Philippines 27 April - Mactan chieftain Lapu-Lapu overwhelms and decisively defeats Magellan's expedition and allied natives, killing Ferdinand Magellan.
Battle of Pampeluna Spain 20 May - French take city from Spanish, Ignatius of Loyola wounded.
Siege of Tenochtitlan Mexico 26 May – 13 August – Fall of the Aztec Empire.
Battle of Noáin Spain 30 June - Spanish defeat the Franco-Navarrese army.
Siege of Belgrade Serbia July to August - Suleiman I of the Ottoman Turks captures Belgrade.
Battle of Tunmen China August to September - Ming Chinese Navy defeated Portuguese Navy.
1522 Battle of Bicocca Italy 27 April – Spanish victory during Habsburg-Valois Wars.
Siege of Rhodes Greece The Ottoman Empire expels the Knights of Rhodes.
Battle of Xicaowan China Ming Chinese Navy defeated Portuguese Navy.
1524 Siege of Edo Japan Edo Castle falls from Uesugi control to Hōjō control.
Battle of the Sesia Italy 30 April - Spanish and Holy Roman Empire forces beat French.
Sack of Lahore Pakistan Babur burns Lahore for two days.
Battle of Acajutla El Salvador Spanish led by Pedro de Alvarado defeat the army of the Pipils of Cuzcatlan. Pedro de Alvarado wounded.
Battle of Tacuzcalco El Salvador Spanish again defeat Pipils.
1525 Battle of Punta Quemada Colombia January – Pizarro defeats the Quitians, but is wounded seven times.
Battle of Frankenhausen Germany End of the German Peasants' War.
Battle of Pavia Italy 24 February – Spain and Holy Roman Empire defeat France; Francis I of France is captured.
Siege of Zaculeu Guatemala Spanish capture Mayan city of Zaculeu.
1526 First battle of Panipat India 21 April – The Mughal king Babur defeats Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi.
Battle of Mohács Hungary 29 August – Suleiman I of Ottoman Turks defeats the kingdom of Hungary; King Louis II killed.
Siege of Kamakura Japan Uesugi clan defeats Hōjō clan, inflicting a major psychological blow.
1527 Battle of Khanwa India Babur consolidates Mughal rule in northern India by defeating a united rajput coalition led by Rana Sanga of Mewar.
Sack of Rome Italy 6 May – Unpaid Spanish and Imperial troops attack the city in protest during War of the League of Cognac.
1528 Battle of Chanderi India 20 January - Babur defeats and conquers the Malwa.
Battle of Cinactan El Salvador Spanish put down native rebellion.
1529 Battle of Shimbra Kure Ethiopia 7 March or 9 – Imam Ahmad Gragn withstands the assault of the numerically superior army of Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia.
Battle of Chimborazo Ecuador Spring - Among the first confrontations in the Inca Civil War, with Atahualpa defeating his brother Huáscar.
Battle of Ghaghra India 6 May - Babur annexes Bihar for the Mughal Empire and defeats the combined forces of the Eastern Afghan Confederates and the Sultanate of Bengal.
Battle of Landriano Italy 21 June - Spanish and Holy Roman Empire troops defeat French during War of the League of Cognac.
Siege of Vienna Austria Ottomans reach limit of empire, can't capture Vienna and settle in Buda.
Siege of Florence Italy 24 October–10 August 1530 – Spanish and Holy Roman Empire troops capture Florence during War of the League of Cognac.
1530 Battle of Gavinana Italy 3 August – Florence crushed by the Holy Roman Empire during War of the League of Cognac.
1531 Battle of Antukyah Ethiopia February or March – The Ethiopian army panics and flees before Imam Ahmad Gragn's seven cannons and matchlockmen.
Battle of Puná Ecuador April – Pizarro's forces defeat much larger forces of natives on the island of Puná.
Battle of Obertyn Ukraine 22 August - Polish army defeats the Moldavians.
Battle of Kappel Switzerland 11 October – Victory of Swiss Catholics over the followers of Zwingli.
Battle of Amba Sel Ethiopia 28 October – Imam Ahmad Gragn again defeats Emperor Lebna Dengel, and crosses the Walaqa River unchecked into Bet Amhara.
1532 Battle of Quipaipan Peru April - Decisive battle of the Inca Civil War with Atahualpa defeating his brother and Huáscar.
Battle of Cajamarca Peru 16 November - Pizarro captures king Atahuallpa during the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire.
1533 Battle of Cuzco Peru Capital of the Inca Empire taken by the Spanish.
1534 Battle at Bae de Bic Canada Iroquois defeat Miꞌkmaq.
Battle at Bouabouscache River Canada Mi'kmaq with aid from the Maliseet win a skirmish against the Iroquois, then kill many wounded and retreating on the battlefield the next day.
Battle at Riviere Trois Pistoles Canada Mi'kmaq and Maliseet ambush the remaining Iroquois that were searching for their hunting party they'd previously killed. Most Iroquois killed, the rest that were captured were killed later after being taken back to camp.
1536 Battle of Un no Kuchi Japan Takeda family forces defeat Hiraga Genshin.
Siege of Cuzco Peru 6 May 1536 – March 1537 - Siege of the city of Cuzco by the army of Inca Emperor Manco Inca Yupanqui, Manco Inca is defeated.
1537 Battle of Ollantaytambo Peru January – The forces of the Inca emperor Manco Inca defeat the Spanish troops of Hernando Pizarro.
1538 Battle of Las Salinas Peru Pizarro brothers defeat Diego de Almagro.
Battle of Preveza Greece Ottoman fleet defeats Spanish-Venetian fleet.
Battle of Naungyo Myanmar November/December - Toungoo Kingdom led by their General and future King Bayinnaung decisively defeats a numerically larger force of the Hanthawaddy Kingdom in Myanmar.
1540 Battle of Mabila United States 18 October - Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto's forces destroy the fortress town of Mabila in present-day Alabama, killing Tuskaloosa.
1541 Battle of Sahart Ethiopia 24 April – Ethiopian Emperor Gelawdewos defeats an attack by Garad Emar, a lieutenant of Imam Ahmad Gragn. However, the Emperor is forced south into Shewa and away from the advancing troops of Portuguese commander Christovão da Gama.
Siege of Martaban Myanmar November 1540-May 1541 - Toungoo under King Tabinshwehti conquers the last remnant of the Hanthawaddy Kingdom after taking the city of Martaban.
1542 Battle of Baçente Ethiopia 2 February – Portuguese under Christovão da Gama capture a Moslem-occupied hillfort in northern Ethiopia.
Battle of Sezawa Japan 9 March – Takeda Shingen defeats four enemy forces to begin his conquest Shinano Province.
Battle of Jarte 4 April-16 The Portuguese under Christovão da Gama encounter the army of Imam Ahmad Gragn in two successive victories.
Battle of Northern Prome Myanmar April - Toungoo led by Tabinshwehti and Bayinnaung defeats army of Prome, Ava, and the Confederation of Shan States outside the city of Prome.
Battle of Padaung Pass Myanmar April - Toungoo led by Bayinnaung trap and defeat the Arakan Kingdom of Mrauk U. Tabinshwehti is so pleased with this victory he appoints Bayinnaung his heir apparent. Prome eventually surrenders after this battle.
Battle of the Hill of the Jews Ethiopia August – During the rainy season, Christovão da Gama captures a strategic position and many badly needed horses.
Battle of Benadir Somalia Naval battle between Portugeuse and Ajuran Sultanate.
Battle of Haddon Rig United Kingdom 24 August – Scottish victory over the English.
Battle of Wofla Ethiopia 28 August – Reinforced with at least 600 arquebusiers and cavalry, Imam Ahmad Gragn attacks the Portuguese camp. The Portuguese are scattered, Christovão da Gama captured and executed.
Battle of Solway Moss United Kingdom 25 November – English victory over Scotland.
Battle of Azukizaka Japan Oda Nobuhide defeats Imagawa Yoshimoto.
Siege of Uehara Japan Takeda Shingen captures Uehara Castle from Suwa Yorishige.
Siege of Kuwabara Japan One day after Uehara, Shingen defeats Yorishige again. Yorishige then commits suicide.
Siege of Fukuyo Japan Takeda Shingen captures Fukuyo fortress. Battle of Ankokuji follows, Takato Yoritsugu defeated.
Battle of Alltan-Beath United Kingdom Scottish clan battle.
Siege of Perpignan France French siege raised by Spanish army.
1543 Battle of Wayna Daga Ethiopia 11 February – Ethiopian/Portuguese troops decisively defeat their Muslim opponent; Imam Ahmad Gragn killed.
Siege of Nagakubo Japan Shingen defeats Oi Sadataka
Battle of Muros Bay Spain 25 July - Spanish fleet defeats French fleet.
Siege of Nice France 5–22 August - Ottomans and French sack Nice.
Battle of Prome Myanmar 7 December - Confederation unsuccessfully attempts to retake Prome from Toungoo.
1544 Battle of Ceresole Italy 11 April – French forces defeat Holy Roman Empire in Italy.
Battle of Serravalle San Marino 2–4 June - Spanish and Holy Roman Empire defeat Italian mercenaries.
First Siege of Boulogne France 19 July - 18 September - English forces capture Boulogne.
Second Siege of Boulogne France October - French forces unsuccessfully besiege the town.
Battle of Salin Myanmar Tabinshwehti and Bayinnaung take Confederation of Shan States city in three days deep into their territory.
Siege of Kojinyama Japan Takeda Shingen continues his conquest of Ima Valley, Shinano Province.
Battle of the Shirts United Kingdom Scottish clan battle.
1545 Battle of Ancrum Moor United Kingdom 27 February - Scottish victory over the English during the War of the Rough Wooing.
Siege of Takatō Japan Takeda Shingen defeats Takatō Yoritsugu, taking his castle.
Siege of Ryūgasaki Japan The Takeda family defeats Tozawa Yorichika.
Battle of the Solent United Kingdom 18–19 July – Indecisive naval battle between France and England, English flagship Mary Rose sinks.
Battle of Bonchurch United Kingdom July - French invade Isle of Wight and are repulsed.
Battle of Kawagoe Japan Hōjō forces defeat the Uesugi, foiling a siege.
1547 Battle of Mrauk U Myanmar 23 January - Taongoo led by Tabinshwehti fail to take capital of the Kingdom of Mrauk U.
Battle of Mühlberg Germany 24 April – Emperor Charles V captures elector of Saxony and lays siege to Wittenberg in the Schmalkaldic War.
Battle of Pinkie United Kingdom 10 September – Earl of Hertford guardian of Edward VI crushes Scottish resistance.
1548 Battle of Uedahara Japan 14 February – Takeda Shingen defeats Murakami Yoshikiyo.
Battle of Shirojiritoge Japan Takeda Shingen surprises and defeats Ogasawara Nagatoki in a dawn attack.
1549 Siege of Fukashi Japan Takeda Shingen captures several of Nagatoki's castles, forcing him to flee to Kyoto.
Battle of Ayutthaya Thailand Tabinshwehti withdraws from attack on the Siamese capital.
Battle of Kamphaeng Phet Thailand Tabinshwehti takes advantage of Siam's eagerness to crush Toungoo's retreat to trap and defeat the Siamese. Prince Ramesuan and Maha Thammaracha captured.
Battle of Dussindale United Kingdom Final battle putting an end of Kett's Rebellion, took place outside Norwich 27 August 1549.
1550 Battle of Penco Chile 12 March – The Mapuche are defeated by the Spanish.
Battle of Sauðafell Iceland 2 October – Jón Arason, the last Catholic Bishop of Iceland, is defeated and captured.

Late 16th century (1551–1600)[edit]

Year Battle Loc. Description
1551 Siege of Tripoli Libya 15 August – The garrison of the Knights of Malta in the fortress of Tripoli surrender to Ottoman besiegers after a bombardment lasting six days.
Sieges of Toishi Japan Takeda Shingen takes the castle of Toishi after besieging it multiple times starting in 1550
Siege of Mirandola Italy July 1551 to March 1552 - Pope Julius III besieges town then withdraws
1552 Siege of Eger Hungary Hungarian victory over Ottoman Turks
Capture of Muscat Oman August - Muscat captured from Portuguese by Ottoman fleet
Battle of Ponza Italy 5 August - Franco-Ottoman fleet defeats Genoese fleet
Siege of Kazan Russia 2 September- 13 October - Ivan the Terrible defeats the Kazan Khanate
Siege of Metz France October 1552 to January 1553 - Unsuccessful siege by Holy Roman Empire
Siege of Temesvár Romania Ottoman Empire captures town
1553 First Battle of Kawanakajima Japan June - indecisive battle between Takeda Shingen and Uesugi Kenshin
Siege of Katsurao Japan Takeda Shingen captures fortress
Battle of Sievershausen Germany 9 July - Maurice, Elector of Saxony and Duke Henry V, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg defeat Albert Alcibiades, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
Battle of Tucapel Chile 25 December - Mapuche defeat Spanish conquistadors
1554 Battle of Marihueñu Chile 23 February - Mapuche defeat Spanish conquistador Francisco de Villagra
Battle of Marciano Italy 2 August - Florence finally defeats Siena
Battle of the Gulf of Oman 10–25 August - Portuguese destroy Ottoman fleet
Battle of Renty France 12 August – Francis, Duke of Guise repels an Imperial invasion of Picardy
Battle of Tadla Morocco September - Saadi dynasty defeat Wattasids
Battle of Oshikibata Japan Mōri clan defeat Sue Harukata
1555 Second Battle of Kawanakajima Japan Takeda Shingen defeats Uesugi Kenshin
Battle of Kivinebb Russia 11 March - Swedish victory over Russians
Battle of Sirhind India 22 June - Mughal Empire has decisive victory over the Suri Empire
Battle at Machhiwara India Mughal Empire defeats Suri Empire
Capture of Bougie Algeria Ottomans capture Béjaïa from Spain
Battle of Garbharry United Kingdom Battle fought between Clan MacKay and Clan Sutherland
Battle of Miyajima Japan 16 October - Mōri clan defeat Ōuchi clan on sacred island of Miyajima
1556 Battle of Nagara-gawa Japan April - Saitō Yoshitatsu defeats father Saitō Dōsan
Battle of Peteroa Chile June to July - Spanish victory over Manuche
Battle of Tughlaqabad India 7 October - Hemu defeats Mughal forces and occupies Delhi
Second battle of Panipat India 5 November – Akbar the Great defeats Hemu
Siege of Oran Algeria Ottoman troops besiege the Spanish garrison in Oran
1556 or 1568 Battle of Garisi Georgia (country) Georgia defeats Safavid Empire
1557 Third Battle of Kawanakajima Japan Takeda Shingen repelled by Uesugi Kenshin
Battle of St. Quentin France 10 August – Emmanuel Philibert of Savoy defeats Anne de Montmorency during the Habsburg-Valois War
Battle of Lagunillas Chile 8 November - Spanish defeat Mapuche during Arauco War
Siege of Kotte Sri Lanka November 1557 to November 1558 - Sitawaka besiege Portuguese. Portuguese break out.
1558 Siege of Calais France 7 January – France capture the city from the English
Battle of Wadi al-Laban Morocco March–April - Between Moroccos and Ottomans. Ottomans retreat
Siege of Narva Estonia April to May - Russians besiege Narva during Livonian War
Battle of Gravelines France 13 July Spain defeats France
Mostaganem Expedition Algeria August to September - Spanish forces fail to capture Mostaganem from the Ottomans.
Ottoman invasion of the Balearic Islands Spain Ottomans capture Balearic Islands during the Ottoman-Habsburg wars
Battle of Rio de Janeiro Brazil Portuguese destroy French settlement of Henriville
Battle of Quiapo Chile 13 December - Spanish defeat Mapuche
1559 Battle of Spancel Hill Republic of Ireland Sir Donnell O'Brien defeats Connor O'Brien, 3rd Earl of Thomond and his ally Richard Burke, 2nd Earl of Clanricarde in County Clare
Battle of Mulleriyawa Sri Lanka Kingdom of Sitawaka defeats Portuguese.
1560 Battle of Glasgow United Kingdom 18 March - Lords of the Congregation defeat French
Battle of Djerba Tunisia 9–14 May – Ottoman fleet defeats Holy League
Battle of Norada Japan In Japan, the Azai clan gains its independence from the Rokkaku
Siege of Marune Japan Forces of Imagawa Yoshimoto defeat forces of Oda Nobunaga
Battle of Okehazama Japan Oda Nobunaga's small forces ambush and slay warlord Imagawa Yoshimoto
Battle of Ērģeme Latvia Russian Tsardom defeats Livonian Confederacy so decisively that the Livonian Order was disbanded
Invasion of Jaffna Sri Lanka Portuguese invade Kingdom of Jaffna
1561 Fourth Battle of Kawanakajima Japan 10 September Takeda Shingen defeats Uesugi Kenshin in the climax of their ongoing conflicts
Siege of Moji Japan Mōri clan break siege by Ōtomo Sōrin and Portuguese traders
Siege of Odawara Japan Hōjō clan resist siege by Uesugi Kenshin
1562 Battle of Nevel Russia 19 August - Tactical Polish victory over Russia during Livonian War
Battle of Corrichie United Kingdom 28 October - Mary, Queen of Scots Civil Wars
Battle of Dreux France 19 December Catholics versus Huguenots in France. Both leaders captured.
Battle of Mulleriyawa Sri Lanka Sitawaka forces defeat Portuguese near Colombo during Sinhalese–Portuguese War
1563 Sieges of Oran and Mers El Kébir Algeria Spanish victory during Ottoman-Habsburg wars
Siege of Orléans France Catholics besiege Protestants during War of Religion
Battle of Bornholm Denmark 30 May - Naval battle between Denmark and Sweden during Northern Seven Years' War
Battle of Mared Sweden 9 November - Danes beat Swedes during Northern Seven Years' War
Capture of Älvsborg Sweden Danes capture Älvsborg during Northern Seven Years' War
Battle of Öland Sweden 11 September - Naval battle between Denmark and Sweden during Northern Seven Years' War
Siege of Musashi-Matsuyama Japan Combined Takeda clan-Hōjō clan army regain Musashi-Matsuyama castle
1564 Battle of Ula Belarus 26 January - Lithuanians defeat Russians during Livonian War
Siege of Concepción Chile 1 February to 1 April - Mapuche besiege Spanish
Siege of Ayutthaya Thailand February - Toungoo dynasty under Bayinnaung decisively defeats Siam and their Portuguese mercenaries. Ayutthaya Kingdom becomes vassal state of Toungoo.
First battle of Öland Sweden 30 to 31 May - Danish fleet beat Swedish fleet during Northern Seven Years' War
Fifth Battle of Kawanakajima Japan Indecisive battle between Takeda Shingen and Uesugi Kenshin
Battle of Kōnodai Japan Hōjō clan forces defeat the forces of Satomi Yoshihiro
Battle of Azukizaka Japan Tokugawa Ieyasu defeats the Ikkō-ikki
1565 Battle of Talikota India 26 January - Deccan sultanates defeat Vijayanagara Empire
Battle of Affane Republic of Ireland February - Butlers beat the Geraldines
Siege of Malta Malta Knights of Malta defeat Turkish forces
Battle of Glentaisie United Kingdom 2 May - O'Neills defeat Clan MacDonald of Dunnyveg.
Battle of Rügen Germany 21 May -Swedish Fleet beats Danish fleet during Northern Seven Years' War
Battle of Fukuda Bay Japan 18 October - Two Portugeuse trade vessels repel attack by forces of Matsura Takanobu.
Battle of Axtorna Sweden 20 October - Danes beat the Swedes during Northern Seven Years' War
1566 Battle of Szigetvár Hungary 6 August to 8 September - 2,300 Hungarian defenders are annihilated by an army of 90,000 soldiers of the Ottoman Empire
Battle of Brobacka Sweden 9 August - Swedish army ambushes and defeats Danish army
Siege of Minowa Japan Takeda Shingen captures Minowa castle from Uesugi clan
1567 Battle of Rio de Janeiro Brazil 20 January - Portuguese finally defeat French colony
Battle of Oosterweel Belgium 13 March - Traditionally seen as the beginning[1] of the Eighty Years' War. Spain defeats Dutch rebels
Battle of Carberry Hill United Kingdom 15 June - Mary, Queen of Scots forces defeated by James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton and James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray
Siege of Inabayama Castle Japan 13 to 27 September - Oda Nobunaga defeats the Saito clan and takes control of Inabayama Castle and Mino province.
Siege of Chittorgarh India October - Mughal forces successfully besiege Rajputs in Chittor Fort
Battle of Saint-Denis France 10 November - 16,000 Royalists defeat 5,000 Huguenots near Paris
Battle of Digomi Georgia (country) Georgian king Simon I of Kartli repulses Persian attack near Tbilisi
Battle of Farsetmore Republic of Ireland Part of the Clan war between the O'Neills and the O'Donnells
1568 Siege of Chartres France 28 February to 15 March - Huguenots besiege Royalists
Battle of Dahlen Germany 25 April - Dutch attempt to conquer Roermond during Eighty Years War
Battle of Langside United Kingdom 13 May - James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray defeats the forces of his half-sister, Mary, Queen of Scots, forcing her to flee to England
Battle of Heiligerlee Netherlands 23 May - Dutch army ambushes Spanish army
Battle of Jemmingen Germany 21 July - Spanish army under the Duke of Alva defeats the Dutch army
Battle of San Juan de Ulúa Mexico 23 September - Spanish fleet defeats English privateers
Battle of Jodoigne Belgium Spain defeats Dutch army
Siege of Hachigata Japan Takeda Shingen is unable to take a Hōjō fortress
Siege of Malacca Malaysia Sultan of Aceh attacks Portuguese-held Malacca
1569 Battle of Catirai Chile Mapuche defeat Spanish
Siege of Odawara Japan Takeda Shingen's forces burn the Hōjō clan controlled town
Battle of Mimasetoge Japan Takeda Shingen escapes a trap set for him by the Hōjō clan
Siege of Ranthambore India Mughal forces capture Ranthambore Fort
Battle of Jarnac France 13 March - French Catholic forces defeat French Huguenots
Battle of La Roche-l'Abeille France 25 June - French Huguenots defeat French Catholic forces
Battle of Orthez France 24 August - Huguenots defeat Royalist forces
Battle of Moncontour France 3 October - French Catholic forces defeat French Huguenots decisively
Siege of Kanbara Japan Takeda Katsuyori successfully besieges and captures Kanbara castle
1570 Battle of Bun Garbhain United Kingdom Clan Cameron decisively defeat the Clan Mackintosh
Siege of Chōkō-ji Japan Unsuccessful attempt to retake a castle captured by Oda Nobunaga
Siege of Kanegasaki Japan Forces of Oda Nobunaga capture Kanegasaki fortress
Siege of Hanazawa Japan Takeda clan captures Hanazawa castle from Imagawa clan
Battle of Manila (1570) Philippines 24 May - Martin de Goiti decisively defeats the Rajahnate of Maynila and annexes the Philippines for the Spanish Empire
Battle of Anegawa Japan 30 July - Nobunaga joins forces with Tokugawa Ieyasu to defeat the Asakura and Azai
Siege of Famagusta Cyprus 17 September 1570 - 5 August 1571 - Ottoman Turks besiege and capture Famagusta
1571 Siege of Mount Hiei Japan Nobunaga defeats the Tendai Warrior Monks and razes their temple complex
Siege of Fukazawa Japan Takeda Shingen captures Fukazawa from Hōjō clan
Battle of Tonegawa Japan Unresolved conflict between Uesugi forces and Takeda forces
Battle of Bangkusay Channel Philippines 3 June - Spanish settler fleet defeats local Kapampangan fleet
Battle of Tillieangus United Kingdom 10 October - Clan Gordon overcomes Clan Forbes
Battle of Craibstone United Kingdom 20 November - Clan Gordon overcomes Clan Forbes again
Battle of Lepanto Greece 7 October - Spain and Venice's fleets defeat the Ottoman fleet
First Siege of Nagashima Japan Unsuccessful attempt by Nobunaga to take the fortress
1572 Battle of Molodi Russia The Crimean Tatars and Ottoman Janissaries are routed by Russians near Moscow
Siege of Futamata Japan Takeda Shingen captures one of Tokugawa Ieyasu's fortresses
Capture of Brielle Netherlands 1 April – Marked a turning point in the uprising of the Low Countries against Spain in the Eighty Years' War
Battle of Kizaki Japan June - Forces of Shimazu Takahisa defeated the larger army of Itō Yoshisuke in Japan.
Siege of Mons Belgium June to September - Successful Spanish siege of Dutch held town.
Relief of Goes Netherlands August - Spanish raise the Dutch siege of Goes
Siege of Middelburg Netherlands November 1572 to February 1574 - Dutch rebel army successfully besieged Middelburg, held by Spanish forces under Cristóbal de Mondragón.
Siege of La Rochelle France November 1572 to July 1573 - Catholic troops besiege Protestant Huguenots. Negotiated settlement.
Siege of Sancerre France November 1572 to August 1573 - Catholic forces besieged Protestant Huguenots. Siege abandoned.
Siege of Haarlem Netherlands 11 December 1572 to 13 July 1573 – Spanish successfully besiege Protestant garrison at Haarlem
1573 Battle of Mikatagahara Japan Tokugawa Ieyasu is forced to retreat from Takeda Shingen
Siege of Iwamura Japan Takeda Shingen's forces led by Akiyama Nobutomo capture Iwamura castle
Siege of Odani Japan Nobunaga defeats Azai Nagamasa, effectively destroying the Azai family
Siege of Ichijo ga dani Japan Nobunaga effectively destroys the Asakura
Siege of Noda Japan Takeda Shingen is killed
Battle of Lode Estonia January - Swedes defeat Russians during Livonian War
Battle of Flushing Netherlands 17 April – Dutch rebels manage to capture 5 Spanish ships.
Battle of Borsele 22 April – A Spanish fleet under Sancho d'Avila is forced to retreat by a Dutch fleet under Admiral Worst
Battle of Haarlemmermeer Netherlands 26 May – The Dutch failed in an attempt to break the siege of Haarlem
Siege of Alkmaar Netherlands August to October - Dutch garrison fight off Spanish force under Don Fadrique
Capture of Geertruidenberg Netherlands 28 August - English, French Huguenot and Fleming forces capture Geertruidenberg from Franco-Spanish Catholic garrison
Battle on the Zuiderzee Netherlands 11 October - Dutch fleet destroyed a larger and better-equipped Spanish fleet on the Zuiderzee
Siege of Leiden Netherlands October 1573 to October 1574 - Spanish under Francisco de Valdez unsuccessfully besiege Leiden.
Battle of Delft Netherlands October - Anglo-Dutch force under Thomas Morgan repels Spanish force under Francisco de Valdez
1574 Battle of Reimerswaal Netherlands 29 January – Sancho d'Avila's attempt to resupply his troops ends up in the destruction of his fleet by Anglo-Dutch forces.
Capture of Valkenburg Netherlands February - English troops surrender Valkenburg Castle in Flanders to Spanish forces.
Battle of Mookerheyde Netherlands 14 April - A Dutch army crumbles at a Spanish army's presence
Battle of Lillo Belgium 30 May – Lodewijk van Boisot with 64 Dutch ships destroys the Spanish fleet near Antwerp
Conquest of Tunis Tunisia 13 September - Ottoman Empire finally defeats Spanish Empire for control of North Africa
Battle of Takatenjin Japan Takeda Katsuyori, son of Takeda Shingen, captures Tokugawa Ieyasu's fortress of Takatenjin
Second Siege of Nagashima Japan Nobunaga's second attempt is foiled by a counter-attack
Siege of Itami Japan Nobunaga defeats Araki Murashige who had rebelled
Battle of Manila (1574) Philippines Spanish under Juan de Salcedo and Don Galo decisively defeat Chinese pirates
1575 Battle of Tukaroi India 3 March - Mughals defeat Sultanate of Bengal
Battle of Nagashino Japan 28 June - Nobunaga repels the forces of Takeda Katsuyori
Third Siege of Nagashima Japan Nobunaga finally captures Nagashima fortress
1576 Siege of Mitsuji Japan May - Honganji forces defeat Nobunaga's army, killing Harada Naomasa
First Battle of Kizugawaguchi Japan August - Unsuccessful naval blockade by Nobunaga
Battle of Rajmahal India Mughals led by Akbar decisively defeat the Bengal Sultanate, capture and later execute their last sultan Daud Khan Karrani.
1577 Battle of Lubieszów Poland 17 April - Polish army defeats Danzig Rebellion army
Battle of Tedorigawa Japan Nobunaga launches an unsuccessful attack on the forces of Uesugi Kenshin
1578 Battle of Gembloux Belgium 31 January - Don John of Austria crushes Protestant army
Battle of Alcazarquivir Morocco 4 August - Moors defeat Portuguese army, kill King Sebastian of Portugal
Second Battle of Kizugawaguchi Japan Nobunaga defeats the naval forces of the Mori clan
Battle of Rijmenam Belgium The Spanish forces were dealt a strategic defeat by the Dutch
Siege of Kozuki Japan Hideyoshi is defeated by the Mori clan
Battle of Çıldır Turkey Ottoman Turks defeat Safavid Persia and conquer the Caucasus
1579 Siege of Itami Japan Hideyoshi captures Itami castle from Araki Murashige
Siege of Maastricht Netherlands 20,000 Spanish troops under Farnese captures the city defended by 2,000 Dutch soldiers and civilians
1580 Battle of Alcântara Portugal Spanish candidate to the Portuguese throne defeats national candidate
Siege of Ishiyama Honganji Japan August - Kōsa surrenders to Nobunaga after a ten-year siege
Siege of Miki Japan Hideyoshi captures Miki castle from Nagaharu
Capture of Porto Portugal 24 October - Mainland Portugal is secured by the Spanish
1581 Siege of Breda Netherlands Spanish troops took the Dutch city by surprise
Siege of Takatenjin Japan Oda Nobunaga captures Takeda controlled castle
Siege of Tottori Japan Hideyoshi captures Tottori Castle. The castle's lord commits suicide
Battle of Salga Portugal 25 July - The Azores successfully resist a personal union with Spain
Battle of Jilkua Bangladesh Taraf annexed by Twipra Kingdom assisted by the Baro-Bhuiyan confederation.
1582 Battle of Temmokuzan Japan Tokugawa Ieyasu and Oda Nobunaga destroy the forces of Takeda Katsuyori, who commits suicide
Siege of Takamatsu Japan Hideyoshi captures Takamatsu Castle. The lord of this castle also commits suicide
Battle of Honnō-ji Japan 21 June - Nobunaga is defeated by Akechi Mitsuhide, who forces him to commit suicide
Battle of Yamazaki Japan Hideyoshi defeats Akechi Mitsuhide, the murderer of his master Oda Nobunaga
Battle of Ponta Delgada Portugal 26 July - Spain wins a naval battle in the War of the Portuguese Succession
Battle of Uchide-hama Japan Hideyoshi again defeats Nobunaga's murderer, Akechi Mitsuhide
Battle of Chuvash Cape Russia Russians decisively defeat and conquer the Khanate of Sibir in Siberia.
1583 Battle of Sao Vicente Brazil 3 February - Skirmish where three English ships defeated three Spanish galleons.
Battle of Shizugatake Japan May - Hideyoshi relieves one of his allies who was under siege
Battle of Torches Russia 9–11 May - Ottoman Turks defeat Safavid Persians at the end of three days of battle
Conquest of the Azores Portugal 2 August - Spain integrates the Habsburg Dynasty as the rulers of Portugal
1584 Battle of Komaki and Nagakute Japan Hideyoshi is defeated by Tokugawa Ieyasu
1585 Invasion of Shikoku Japan Hideyoshi conquers the island
1585 Siege of IJsseloord Netherlands October 6-15 - Dutch and English defeat Spain.
1586 Battle of Santo Domingo (1586) Dominican Republic 1 January - English under Francis Drake defeat and raid Spanish colony.
Battle of Cartagena de Indias (1586) Colombia 9-11 February - Francis Drake defeats Spanish and plunders city.
Raid on St. Augustine United States 27-29 May - Francis Drake devastates Spanish colony.
Battle of Zutphen Netherlands 22 September - Spanish defeat Dutch rebels
1587 Battle of Coutras France 20 October - Huguenot forces defeat the French Royal Army
Battle of Vimory France 26 October - French Royalist forces defeat foreign Huguenot forces
1588 Battle of Byczyna Poland 24 January - A Polish faction defeats a Habsburg faction
Battle of Gravelines France 29 July - Spanish Armada beaten decisively in battle against the English and Dutch fleet
1590 Battle of Ivry France 14 March - Henri IV of Navarre defeats Catholic League in War of the Three Henries
Battle of the Strait of Gibraltar Spain 24 April - English secure passage of company ships after defeating Spain
Siege of Odawara Japan 4 May August - the Go-Hōjō clan surrendered to Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and Japan was unified (1590)
Siege of Shimoda Japan May to August - Hideyoshi's forces successfully besiege Hōjō clan
1591 Battle of Bhuchar Mori India July - Mughal Empire defeated combined Kathiawar forces led by Nawanagar State
1591 Battle of Flores (1591) Portugal 30 August-1 September - Spain defeats England.
1592 Battle of Sangju South Korea 24 April - Konishi Yukinaga defeats the Koreans under Yi Il
Battle of Ch'ungju South Korea 28 April - Japanese forces decisively defeat the Koreans
Battle of Okpo South Korea 7 May - The Korean Navy defeats a Japanese convoy
Siege of Busan South Korea 24–25 May (13–14 April Lunar Calendar) Japanese defeat Koreans
Battle of Hansan Island South Korea 14 August - Korean Navy defeats Japanese Navy
Battle of Busan South Korea 1 November - Korean Navy could not recapture Busan from Japan
Siege of Pyongyang North Korea Chinese general Li Rusong defeats Konishi Yukinaga. Japan is expelled from Pyongyang
Siege of Jinju South Korea Siege of Jinju Fortress. Commander Kim Si-min repulses the Japanese commander Hosokawa Tadaoki, due to the arrival of a Korean relief force led by Gwak Jae-u
1593 Battle of Byeokjegwan South Korea 27 January - battle between Japan and China in Seoul. The Japanese army led by Ukita Hideie and Kobayakawa Takakage defeated the Chinese army under Li Rusong
Battle of Haengju South Korea The Korean army under commander Gwon Yul defenders were successful in repelling the Japanese forces
Battle of Nong Sa Rai Thailand Thai Ayutthaya Kingdom under Naresuan defeats final attempt to keep Siam subjugated by Nanda Bayin. Naresuan regains independence for the Ayutthaya Kingdom from Toungoo.
Siege of Jinju South Korea Japanese defeat Koreans
Battle of Sisak Croatia Forces of the Holy Roman Empire defeat forces of the Ottoman Empire
Battle of Dryfe Sands United Kingdom A clash between Clan Maxwell and Clan Johnstone
1594 Campaign of Danture Sri Lanka 5 July-9 October - Kingdom of Kandy stops Portuguese incursion into Sri Lanka.
Battle of Glenlivet United Kingdom 3 October - Religious clan battle
1596 Battle of Keresztes Hungary 24-26 October Ottoman Empire defeats Austria-Hungary and Germany
Capture of Cadiz Spain Dutch United Provinces seize the Spanish city of Cádiz
1597 Battle of Turnhout Belgium 24 January - Dutch troops defeat Spanish cavalry
Siege of Amiens France 13 May-25 September - France and England defeat Spain.
Battle of Chilcheollyang South Korea 28 August - Japanese Navy decisively defeat Korean Navy
Siege of Namwon South Korea August - Japanese defeat Korean and Chinese alliance force
Siege of Ulsan South Korea Japanese defeat Korean and Chinese alliance force
Battle of Myeongnyang South Korea 26 October - Korean Navy defeats Japanese navy
1598 Battle of the Yellow Ford United Kingdom Irish under Hugh O'Neill, earl of Tyrone, destroy English force
Battle of San Juan United States England defeats Spain in Puerto Rico and takes their castle, they retreat 65 days later but burn San Juan to the ground.
Battle of Stångebro Sweden 25 September - Sigismund loses the Swedish crown to his uncle, Duke Charles
Battle of Sacheon South Korea October - Japanese army defeats Chinese army
Battle of Noryang Point South Korea 16 December - Chinese and Korean Navy decisively defeat the Japanese army
1599 Battle of Curlew Pass Republic of Ireland 15 August - Irish forces defeat the English
Battle of Șelimbăr Romania 18 October - Michael the Brave, Prince of Wallachia, defeats the army of Andrew Báthory
1600 Battle of Nieuwpoort Belgium 2 July - Battle between Dutch (led by Prince Maurits) and Spanish army, led by Albrecht, archduke of Austria
Battle of Sekigahara Japan 21 October - Japanese General Ieyasu defeats three regents of the son of Hideyoshi in the most important battle in Japanese history – he later establishes the Tokugawa Shogunate

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