List of beer styles

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A glass of dunkel beer, a German dark lager

Beer style is a term used to differentiate and categorize beers by various factors including appearance, flavour, ingredients, production method, history, or origin. The term "beer style" and the structuring of world beers into defined categories is largely based on the work done by writer Michael Jackson in his 1977 book The World Guide To Beer.[1] Fred Eckhardt furthered Jackson's work publishing The Essentials of Beer Style in 1989.

There is no universally agreed list of beer styles as different countries and organisations have different sets of criteria. Organisers of beer competitions such as CAMRA's Champion Beer of Britain, the Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) local homebrewing competitions, the Brewers Association's World Beer Cup, and the Brewing Industry International Awards have categories in which beers are judged. The categories are varied and include processes or ingredients not usually regarded as defining styles in themselves, such as "Cask Conditioned Ale" (cask ale) for the Brewing Industry International Awards, "Gluten Free Beer" (gluten-free beer) for the World Beer Cup, and "Spice, Herb, or Vegetable Beer" (adjuncts) for the BJCP homebrewing competitions.[2][3][4]

A number of ethnic beers, such as chhaang and cauim are generally not included on beer style groupings.[5]

Some beer terms such as ale, lager, cask ale cover a wide variety of beer styles.


Term Michael Jackson Roger Protz Fred Eckhardt World Beer Cup Brewers Publications CAMRA BJCP
Altbier Altbier[6] Alt[7] German-Style Brown Ale / Düsseldorf-Style Altbier[8] Altbier[9] Northern German Altbier[10]
Düsseldorf Altbier[10]
Amber ale Amber ale[11] American-Style Amber/Red Ale[8] American Amber Ale[12]
Barley wine Barley wine[13] Barley wine[7] Barley Wine-Style Ale[8] Barley wine[14] Barley Wine[15] English Barleywine[16]
American Barleywine[16]
Berliner weisse Berliner weisse[17] Berliner Weisse[7] Berliner-Style Weisse[8] Berliner Weisse[18]
Bière de Garde Bière de Garde[19] Bière de garde[7] French-Style Bière de Garde[8] Bière de Garde[20]
Bitter Bitter[21] Bitter[7] Bitter[15] Standard/Ordinary Bitter[22]
Blonde Ale Golden or Blonde Ale[8]
Brown ale Brown Ale[24][25] Mild and brown ale[7] English Brown Ale (Mild/Southern English Brown/Northern English Brown)[26]
American Brown Ale[12]
California Common/Steam Beer Steam beer[27] California Common Beer[8] California Common Beer[10]
Cream Ale Cream Ale[28]
Dortmunder Export Export / Dortmunder[29][30]
Doppelbock Doppelbock / "Double" bock[31]
Dunkel European-Style Dark/Münchner Dunkel[8]
Dunkelweizen Dunkelweizen[32]
Eisbock Eisbock[33]
Flanders red ale Belgian-Style Flanders Oud Bruin or Oud Red Ale[8]
Golden Ale Golden or Blonde Ale[8] Golden Ales[15]
Gose Leipzig-Style Gose
India pale ale N/A (see Pale ale) English IPA[34]
American IPA[34]
Imperial IPA[34]
Kölsch German-Style Kölsch/Köln-Style Kölsch[8]
Lambic Lambic[35]
Light ale Light Bitters[15]
Maibock/Helles bock German-Style Heller Bock/Maibock[8]
Malt liquor
Mild Mild and brown ale[7] Mild[15] English Brown Ale (Mild/Southern English Brown/Northern English Brown)[26]
Old ale Old Ale[8] Old Ale[15] Old Ale[16]
Oud bruin Belgian-Style Flanders Oud Bruin or Oud Red Ale[8]
Pale ale Pale Ale or IPA[15]
Pilsener/Pilsner/Pils Bohemian-Style Pilsener
German-Style Pilsener[8]
German Pilsner (Pils)[36]

Bohemian Pilsener[36]
Classic American Pilsner[36]

Porter Porter & Stout[15] Brown Porter / Robust Porter / Baltic Porter[37]
Red ale
Roggenbier Roggenbier (German Rye Beer)[32]
Saison French- & Belgian-Style Saison[8]
Scotch ale Traditional Scotch Ale
Peated Scotch Ale[8]
Stout Porter & Stout[15] Dry Stout / Sweet Stout

/ Oatmeal Stout / Foreign Extra Stout / American Stout / Russian Imperial Stout[38]

Vienna lager Vienna-Style Lager[8]
Weissbier Weizen/Weissbier[32]
Weizenbock South German-Style Weizenbock/Weissbock[8] Weizenbock[32]




  1. ^ Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – How to save a beer style
  2. ^ "Brewing Awards – Welcome to Brewing Awards". Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  3. ^ "World Beer Cup – Competition Info". Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  4. ^ "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 21". Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  5. ^ Drinks Business staff (26 Nov 2010). "Ethnic Beer Focus". 
  6. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Copper-bottom ales halt lager tide in Germany". Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g The Taste of Beer: A Guide to Appreciating the Great Beers of the World, Roger Protz, Orion Books Limited, 1998 ISBN 0-7538-0725-4
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Beer Styles". Brewers Association. Retrieved 21 January 2015. 
  9. ^ Altbier, Horst D. Dornbusch, Brewers Publications (1998), ISBN 0-937381-62-4
  10. ^ a b c "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 07". Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  11. ^
  12. ^ a b "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 10". Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  13. ^
  14. ^ Barley Wine, Fal Allen, Brewers Publications (1998), ISBN 0-937381-59-4
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Beer Styles – CAMRA". Archived from the original on 2007-08-07. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  16. ^ a b c "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 19". Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  17. ^
  18. ^ "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 17". Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  19. ^
  20. ^ "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 16". Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  21. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Bitter". Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  22. ^ "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 08". Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  23. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Original Bock: the beer the doctor ordered". Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  24. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Belgium's Great Beers". Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  25. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Brown Ale". Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  26. ^ a b "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 11". Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  27. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Steam Beer". Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  28. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Cream Ale". Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  29. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Export". Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  30. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Dortmunder". Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  31. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Doppelbock "Double" bock.". Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  32. ^ a b c d "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 15". Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  33. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Eisbock". Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  34. ^ a b c "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 14". Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  35. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Belgium's Great Beers". Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  36. ^ a b c "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 02". Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  37. ^ "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 12". Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  38. ^ "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 13". Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  39. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Sahti – rural beer with a great Finnish". Retrieved 2008-08-03.