List of beer styles

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A glass of dunkel beer, a German dark lager

Beer style is a term used to differentiate and categorize beers by various factors including appearance, flavour, ingredients, production method, history, or origin. The term "beer style" and the structuring of world beers into defined categories is largely based on the work done by writer Michael Jackson in his 1977 book The World Guide To Beer.[1] Fred Eckhardt furthered Jackson's work publishing The Essentials of Beer Style in 1989.

There is no universally agreed list of beer styles as different countries and organisations have different sets of criteria. Organisers of beer competitions such as CAMRA's Champion Beer of Britain, the Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) local homebrewing competitions, the Brewers Association's World Beer Cup, and the Brewing Industry International Awards have categories in which beers are judged. The categories are varied and include processes or ingredients not usually regarded as defining styles in themselves, such as "Cask Conditioned Ale" (cask ale) for the Brewing Industry International Awards, "Gluten Free Beer" (gluten-free beer) for the World Beer Cup, and "Spice, Herb, or Vegetable Beer" (adjuncts) for the BJCP homebrewing competitions.[2][3][4]

A number of ethnic beers, such as chhaang and cauim are generally not included on beer style groupings.[5]

Some beer terms such as ale, lager, cask ale cover a wide variety of beer styles.

Styles[edit]

Term Michael Jackson[6] Roger Protz[7] Fred Eckhardt Brewers Association[8] CAMRA[9] BJCP[10]
Altbier Altbier[11] Altbier German-Style Altbier Northern German Altbier[12]
Düsseldorf Altbier[12]
Amber ale Amber ale[13] American-Style Amber/Red Ale American Amber Ale[14]
Barley wine Barley wine[15] Barley wine Barley Wine-Style Ale Barley Wine[16] English Barleywine[17]
American Barleywine[17]
Berliner Weisse Berliner Weisse[18] Berliner Weisse Berliner-Style Weisse Berliner Weisse[19]
Bière de Garde Bière de Garde[20] Bière de garde French-Style Bière de Garde Bière de Garde[21]
Bitter Bitter[22] Bitter Ordinary or Special Bitter Bitter[23] Standard/Ordinary Bitter[24]
Special/Best/Premium Bitter[24]
Blonde Ale Golden or Blonde Ale Blonde Ale[25]
Bock Bok, Bock[26] Bock Traditional German-Style Bock Traditional Bock[27]
Brown ale Brown Ale[28][29] Mild and brown ale English-Style Brown Ale
American-Style Brown Ale
English Brown Ale[30]
American Brown Ale[14]
California Common/Steam Beer Steam beer[31] Steam beer California Common Beer California Common Beer[12]
Cream Ale Cream Ale[32] American-Style Cream Ale Cream Ale[25]
Dortmunder Export Export[33] Dortmunder Export Dortmunder/European-Style Export Dortmunder Export[34]
Doppelbock Doppelbock / "Double" bock[35] Doppelbock German-Style Doppelbock Doppelbock[27]
Dunkel Dunkel/Dunkles[36] Dunkel European-Style Dark/Münchner Dunkel Munich Dunkel[37]
Dunkelweizen Dunkel Weizen[38] South German-Style Dunkel Weizen Dunkelweizen[39]
Eisbock Eisbock[40] German-Style Eisbock Eisbock[27]
Flanders red ale Red beers[41] Belgian-Style Flanders Oud Bruin or Oud Red Ale Flanders Red Ale[19]
Golden/Summer ale English-Style Summer Ale
Golden or Blonde Ale
Golden Ales[42] Blonde Ale[25]
Gose Leipzig-Style Gose
Contemporary Gose
Gueuze Gueuze[43] Gueuze Belgian-Style Gueuze Lambic Gueuze[19]
Hefeweizen Hefeweizen South German-Style Hefeweizen
Helles Hell[44] Helles Muenchner-Style Helles Munich Helles[34]
India pale ale India Pale Ale (IPA)[45] India Pale Ales (IPA) Session India Pale Ale
English-Style India Pale Ale
American-Style India Pale Ale
Imperial India Pale Ale
Pale Ale or IPA[46]

English IPA[47]
American IPA[47]
Imperial IPA[47]

Kölsch Kolsch[48] Kölsch German-Style Kölsch Kölsch[25]
Lambic Lambic[49][50] Lambic Belgian-Style Lambic
Belgian-Style Fruit Lambic
Straight (Unblended) Lambic[19]
Fruit Lambic[19]
Light ale Light Ale[51] Light Bitters[52]
Maibock/Helles bock Maibock[53] Maibock German-Style Heller Bock/Maibock Maibock/Helles Bock[27]
Malt liquor Malt Liquor[54] American-Style Malt Liquor
Mild Mild[55] Mild ale English-Style Mild Ale Mild[56] Mild[30]
Oktoberfestbier/Märzenbier Marzen[57] Oktoberfest beers German-Style Oktoberfest/Wiesn

German-Style Maerzen

Oktoberfest[58]
Old ale Old (Ale)[59] Old ale Old Ale Old Ale[60] Old Ale[17]
Oud bruin Brown Beers[61] Oud bruin Belgian-Style Flanders Oud Bruin or Oud Red Ale Flanders Brown Ale/Oud Bruin[19]
Pale ale Pale Ale[62] Pale ale Australian-Style Pale Ale
International-Style Pale Ale
Belgian-Style Pale Ale
Classic English-Style Pale Ale
American-Style Pale Ale
Pale Ale or IPA[46] English Pale Ale[24]
American Pale Ale[14]
Belgian Pale Ale[21]
Pilsener/Pilsner/Pils Pilsener/Pilsner/Pils[63] Pilsner International-Style Pilsener
Bohemian-Style Pilsener
German-Style Pilsener
American-Style Pilsener
German Pilsner (Pils)[64]
Bohemian Pilsener[64]
Classic American Pilsner[64]
Porter Porter[65] Porter American-Style Imperial Porter
Baltic-Style Porter
Brown Porter
Robust Porter
Porter & Stout[66] Brown Porter[67]
Robust Porter[67]
Baltic Porter[67]
Red ale Irish-Style Red Ale
American-Style Amber/Red Ale
Double Red Ale
Imperial Red Ale
Irish Red Ale[68]
Roggenbier German-Style Rye Ale Roggenbier (German Rye Beer)[39]
Saison Saison[69] Saison French- & Belgian-Style Saison Saison[21]
Scotch ale Scotch Ale[70] Scotch ale Traditional Scotch Ale
Peated Scotch Ale
Scottish Beers[71] Strong Scotch Ale[68]
Stout Sweet Stout[72]
Dry Stout[72]
Imperial Stout[72]
Stout Sweet Stout or Cream Stout
Oatmeal Stout
British-Style Imperial Stout
Classic Irish-Style Dry Stout
Export Stout
American-Style Stout
American-Style Imperial Stout
Porter & Stout[66] Dry Stout[73]
Sweet Stout[73]
Oatmeal Stout[73]
Foreign Extra Stout[73]
American Stout[73]
Russian Imperial Stout[73]
Schwarzbier Schwarzbier[74] German-Style Schwarzbier Schwarzbier (Black Beer)[37]
Vienna lager Vienna[75] Vienna-Style Lager Vienna Lager[58]
Witbier Witbier[76] Belgian-Style Witbier Witbier[21]
Weissbier Weisse/Weissbier, Weizenbier[38] South German-Style Kristal Weizen
German-Style Leichtes Weizen
South German-Style Bernsteinfarbenes Weizen
Weizen/Weissbier[39]
Weizenbock Weizenbock[38] South German-Style Weizenbock Weizenbock[39]

Types[edit]

Origin[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – How to save a beer style
  2. ^ "Brewing Awards – Welcome to Brewing Awards". www.brewingawards.org. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  3. ^ "World Beer Cup – Competition Info". www.beertown.org. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  4. ^ "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 21". www.bjcp.org. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  5. ^ Drinks Business staff (26 Nov 2010). "Ethnic Beer Focus". thedrinksbusiness.com. 
  6. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  7. ^ The Taste of Beer: A Guide to Appreciating the Great Beers of the World, Roger Protz, Orion Books Limited, 1998 ISBN 0-7538-0725-4
  8. ^ "Brewers Association Beer Style Guidelines". www.brewersassociation.org. Brewers Association. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  9. ^ "Different Styles – CAMRA". www.camra.org.uk. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  10. ^ "2008 BJCP Style Guidelines". www.bjcp.org. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  11. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Altbier". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  12. ^ a b c "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 07". www.bjcp.org. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  13. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – James Squire Amber Ale". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  14. ^ a b c "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 10". www.bjcp.org. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  15. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Barley wine". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  16. ^ "Barley wine – CAMRA". www.camra.org.uk. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  17. ^ a b c "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 19". www.bjcp.org. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  18. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Berliner Weisse". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 17". www.bjcp.org. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  20. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Biere de Garde". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  21. ^ a b c d "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 16". www.bjcp.org. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  22. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Bitter". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  23. ^ "Bitter – CAMRA". www.camra.org.uk. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  24. ^ a b c "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 08". www.bjcp.org. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  25. ^ a b c d "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 06". www.bjcp.org. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  26. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Bok, Bock". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  27. ^ a b c d "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 05". www.bjcp.org. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  28. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Brown Ale". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  29. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Belgium's Great Beers". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  30. ^ a b "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 11". www.bjcp.org. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  31. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Steam Beer". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  32. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Cream Ale". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  33. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Export". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  34. ^ a b "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 01". www.bjcp.org. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  35. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Doppelbock "Double" bock.". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  36. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Dunkel/Dunkles". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  37. ^ a b "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 04". www.bjcp.org. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  38. ^ a b c "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Weisse/Weissbier, Weizenbier". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  39. ^ a b c d "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 15". www.bjcp.org. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  40. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Eisbock". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  41. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Belgium's Great Beers". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  42. ^ "Golden Ales – CAMRA". www.camra.org.uk. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  43. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Gueuze". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  44. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Hell". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  45. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: India Pale Ale (IPA)". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  46. ^ a b "Pale Ale or IPA – CAMRA". www.camra.org.uk. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  47. ^ a b c "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 14". www.bjcp.org. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  48. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Kolsch". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  49. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Lambic". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  50. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Belgium's Great Beers". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  51. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Light Ale". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  52. ^ "Light Bitters – CAMRA". www.camra.org.uk. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  53. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Maibock". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  54. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Malt Liquor". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  55. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Mild". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  56. ^ "Mild – CAMRA". www.camra.org.uk. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  57. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Marzen". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  58. ^ a b "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 03". www.bjcp.org. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  59. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Old (Ale)". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  60. ^ "Old Ale – CAMRA". www.camra.org.uk. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  61. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Belgium's Great Beers". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  62. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Pale Ale". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  63. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Pilsener/Pilsner/Pils". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  64. ^ a b c "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 02". www.bjcp.org. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  65. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Porter". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  66. ^ a b "Porter & Stout – CAMRA". www.camra.org.uk. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  67. ^ a b c "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 12". www.bjcp.org. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  68. ^ a b "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 09". www.bjcp.org. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  69. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Saison". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  70. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Scotch Ale". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  71. ^ "Scottish Beers – CAMRA". www.camra.org.uk. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  72. ^ a b c "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Stout". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  73. ^ a b c d e f "BJCP 2008 Style Guidelines – Category 13". www.bjcp.org. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  74. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Schwarzbier". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  75. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Vienna". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  76. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Beer Styles: Witbier". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  77. ^ "Michael Jackson's Beer Hunter – Sahti – rural beer with a great Finnish". www.beerhunter.com. Retrieved 2008-08-03. 

Bibliography[edit]