List of best-selling video game franchises
This is a list of video game franchises that have sold or shipped at least five million copies. Unless otherwise stated, numbers indicate worldwide units sold, ordered alphabetically whenever two or more list the same amount. The exception are the ones specifying shipments, which have lower precedence than others listing sales.
Franchise sales include expansion packs even though they are not considered full video games. Free-to-play game downloads (including free mobile games) and microtransactions should not figure into sales or shipment figures. For best-selling individual video games, see the list of best-selling video games. The sales figures given below do not include arcade game sales, which can be found at the list of highest-grossing arcade games. For the franchises that have generated the most revenue, see the list of the highest-grossing video game franchises.
At least 100 million copies
– This color indicates a sub-series of a larger video game franchise. This does not necessarily apply for series that are not video game-based.
|Franchise name||Original release date||Sales|
|Mario||July 9, 1981||557.323 million|
|Mario first appeared in 1981 in the original Donkey Kong, before starring in Mario Bros., followed by the Super Mario series of platform games. The character was created by Japanese game designer Shigeru Miyamoto and has since become the official mascot of Nintendo, owner of the trademark. It is developed by various Nintendo studios. The Mario franchise has expanded into other game genres, including racing, sports, party, puzzle, and role-playing games. The franchise includes other media, including three animated television series, comic books, a manga, a film and other merchandise. It is currently the best-selling video game franchise of all time.|
|Super Mario||September 13, 1985||326.75 million[n 1]|
|The Super Mario series of platform games began in 1985 and features Nintendo's character Mario. The Super Mario series forms the core of the Mario franchise.|
|Pokémon||February 27, 1996||307.51 million[n 6]|
|Pokémon was created by Satoshi Tajiri, founder and president of Game Freak, in 1996 as a role-playing video game for the Game Boy handheld game console, soon turning into a franchise merchandised into anime, manga, trading cards, toys, books, twenty films (one of the highest-grossing animated film series) and other media. It is produced by The Pokémon Company, which is a joint venture by the three companies holding the rights to Pokémon: Nintendo, Game Freak, and Creatures Inc.|
|Call of Duty||October 29, 2003||275 million|
|Call of Duty is a first-person shooter video game series. The series is published by Activision and Aspyr Media and developed by Infinity Ward, Gray Matter Interactive, Treyarch, Sledgehammer Games, Raven Software, Neversoft and High Moon Studios. With new games in the series released annually to blockbuster-level sales, the series is verified by the Guinness World Records as the best-selling first-person shooter game series.|
|Grand Theft Auto||October 1997||250 million|
|Grand Theft Auto is an open world action-adventure video game series created by David Jones and Mike Dailly and primarily developed by Scottish developer Rockstar North and published by Rockstar Games, including ten stand-alone games and two expansion packs for the original game and two for the ninth. It is the most successful video game franchise the United Kingdom has produced and the best-selling action-adventure as well as open world series.|
|Wii||November 19, 2006||201.8 million[n 7]|
|The Wii series of physical simulation video games was created by Shigeru Miyamoto in 2006 to help with the initial launch of Nintendo's Wii console. The first game in the series, Wii Sports, was included with the original Wii console.|
|The Sims||February 4, 2000||200 million|
|The Sims is a series of strategic life simulation computer and console video games created by American game designer Will Wright, developed by Maxis and published by Electronic Arts. The series consists of four main games and a number of compilations and expansion packs. It is currently the most successful PC gaming franchise of all time.|
|Tetris||June 6, 1984||170 million|
|Tetris is a falling-blocks puzzle video game, created by Russian game designer Alexey Pajitnov and released on a vast spectrum of platforms, from video game consoles and computers to mobile devices and calculators, with the version bundled with the Game Boy selling over 35 million.|
|FIFA||Christmas 1993||150 million|
|A series of association football based sports games, released yearly by Electronic Arts under the EA Sports label, and the first to have an official licence from the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (International Federation of Association Football), the international governing body of football.|
|Need for Speed||August 31, 1994||150 million|
|Need for Speed is a series of racing video games published by Electronic Arts, and has been developed by multiple companies in the past such as EA Black Box and Criterion Games. The series is currently developed by Ghost Games with the games being released on multiple platforms. It is currently the most successful racing game franchise of all time.|
|Minecraft||November 18, 2011||144 million|
|Minecraft is a sandbox-building video game originally created by Swedish game designer Markus "Notch" Persson and developed by Mojang. Originally a computer game made using Java, there have been ports released for home consoles and mobile devices. It was bought by Microsoft Studios on September 15, 2014. It is the most successful video game franchise Sweden has produced.|
|Final Fantasy||December 18, 1987||135 million|
|Final Fantasy (ファイナルファンタジー Fainaru Fantajī) is a media franchise created by Japanese game designer Hironobu Sakaguchi and owned by Square Enix. The franchise encompasses fifteen signature role-playing video games alongside a number of spin-off video games, motion pictures, and other consumer products and interactive media.|
|Mario Kart||August 27, 1992||124.27 million[n 2]|
|Mario Kart is a series of go-kart-style racing video games developed and published by Nintendo as a series of spin-offs from their trademark Super Mario series of platformer adventure-style video games. The series has spawned eight main games, four arcade games and a mobile game.|
|Wii Sports||November 19, 2006||115.12 million[n 7]|
|The Wii Sports series of physical sports games was created by Shigeru Miyamoto for Nintendo's Wii console in 2006. Its success led to the Wii video game series, of which it is a sub-series. The first game in the series, Wii Sports, was included with the original Wii Console.|
|The Lego franchise includes many different games, including original games such as Lego Island, Lego Racers and Lego Rock Raiders, as well as several different licensed properties like Lego Indiana Jones: The Original Adventures, Lego Batman: The Video Game, and Lego Harry Potter: Years 1-4.|
|Madden NFL||June 1, 1988||100 million|
|Madden NFL is an American football video game series developed by Electronic Arts Tiburon for EA Sports. The game is named after Pro Football Hall of Famer John Madden, a well-known color commentator for NBC Sports and formerly a Super Bowl-winning head coach during the 1970s with the Oakland Raiders.|
|Assassin's Creed||November 13, 2007||100 million|
|Assassin's Creed is a historical fiction action-adventure open world stealth series developed by Ubisoft Montreal and published by Ubisoft.|
|Pro Evolution Soccer||March 15, 2001||100 million|
|Pro Evolution Soccer (known as World Soccer: Winning Eleven in Japan) is a series of association football video games developed and published by Konami.|
At least 50 million copies
|Franchise name||Original release date||Sales|
|Sonic the Hedgehog||June 23, 1991||88.82 million[n 8]|
|The Sonic the Hedgehog series is a franchise of video games released by Sega starring and named after its mascot character Sonic, created by game designer Yuji Naka and character designer Naoto Ohshima. With time, it has expanded into several animated television series, manga and comic books.|
|The Legend of Zelda||February 21, 1986||88.72 million[n 9]|
|The Legend of Zelda (ゼルダの伝説) is a high fantasy action-adventure video game series created by game designer Shigeru Miyamoto, developed and published by Nintendo.|
|Resident Evil||March 22, 1996||83 million|
|Resident Evil is a media franchise consisting of a survival horror video games series, comic books, novelizations, five Hollywood motion pictures, and a variety of collectibles, including action figures, strategy guides and publications, created by Shinji Mikami and developed by Capcom.|
|Tom Clancy's||August 21, 1998||82 million|
|Includes sales from Tom Clancy–sponsored games made by Ubisoft, including Ghost Recon, Rainbow Six, and Splinter Cell.|
|Gran Turismo||December 23, 1997||77.02 million|
|Gran Turismo (グランツーリスモ) is a series of racing video games produced by Kazunori Yamauchi for the Sony PlayStation gaming systems by Polyphony Digital.|
|Dragon Quest||May 27, 1986||75 million|
|Dragon Quest (ドラゴンクエスト), published as Dragon Warrior in North America until the 2005 release of Dragon Quest VIII: Journey of the Cursed King, is a series of role-playing video games created by Yuji Horii, with character design by manga artist Akira Toriyama and published by Square Enix (formerly Enix).|
|Halo||November 15, 2001||71 million|
|Halo is a science fiction video game series created by Bungie and published by Microsoft Studios, which was later adapted to eight novels, several comic series, a graphic novel, numerous action figures, and an anime series. After Bungie gained independence from Microsoft in 2007, 343 Industries took control of the franchise.|
|Battlefield||September 10, 2002||66 million|
|The Battlefield franchise is a series of video games developed by Digital Illusions CE and Visceral Games, published by Electronic Arts. The games feature a focus on large maps and vehicle warfare over traditional first person shooters, including robust online capabilities.|
|The Oregon Trail||December 3, 1971||65 million|
|The Oregon Trail is a series of educational computer games that began with the very first edition originally developed by Don Rawitsch, Bill Heinemann, and Paul Dillenberger in 1971 and produced by the Minnesota Educational Computing Consortium (MECC) in 1974. The original game was designed to teach school children about the realities of 19th-century pioneer life on the Oregon Trail. The player assumes the role of a wagon leader guiding a party of settlers from Independence, Missouri, to Oregon's Willamette Valley via a covered wagon in 1848.|
|Tomb Raider||November 15, 1996||63 million|
|Tomb Raider is a series of video games formerly developed by Core Design and currently developed by Crystal Dynamics, with publishing formerly by Eidos Interactive and currently by Square Enix Europe. The series centers on the adventures of fictional British archaeologist Lara Croft. The franchise has spanned comic books, novels and movies.|
|WWE 2K||February 29, 2000||60 million shipped|
|WWE 2K (formerly WWF SmackDown!, then WWE SmackDown vs. Raw, then WWE) is a series of professional wrestling video games released by 2K Sports (formerly by THQ). The franchise takes its name from World Wrestling Entertainment's weekly television programs SmackDown and Raw. The games are developed by the Japanese game developer Yuke's.|
|Just Dance||November 17, 2009||59 million|
|Just Dance is a series of dance and music video games that includes games like Just Dance and Just Dance 2, published by Ubisoft, and released on the Wii. It also includes games outside of the name Just Dance, such as Michael Jackson: The Experience. The games include modern hits such as Katy Perry's "Hot n Cold" and Ke$ha's "Tik Tok" to older songs such as The Jackson 5's "I Want You Back" and Donna Summer's "Hot Stuff". Just Dance is the best-selling dance game franchise on home video game consoles.|
|Donkey Kong||July 9, 1981||56.04 million[n 10]|
|Donkey Kong (ドンキーコング Donkī Kongu) is a video game series created by Shigeru Miyamoto when he was assigned at Nintendo during the early 1980s to build a game that would appeal more to Americans on the arcade hardware of Radar Scope, a game that had been released to test audiences with poor results. The arcade hit Donkey Kong led to the creation of both the Donkey Kong and Mario franchises.|
|Crash Bandicoot||September 9, 1996||56 million|
|Crash Bandicoot is a Platform game series originally created and developed by Naughty Dog exclusively for the PlayStation.|
|The Elder Scrolls||March 25, 1994||52 million|
|The Elder Scrolls (abbreviated as TES) is an action role-playing open world video game series developed by Bethesda Game Studios and published by Bethesda Softworks.|
|Bejeweled||May 30, 2001||50 million|
|Bejeweled is a puzzle game first developed as a browser game by PopCap Games in 2001. A sequel to this game, Bejeweled 2, was released by PopCap Games in 2004, with a third installment debuting in 2010 along with two spin-offs: Bejeweled Blitz and Bejeweled Twist.|
At least 20 million copies
|Franchise name||Original release date||Sales|
|Metal Gear||July 13, 1987||49.2 million|
|Metal Gear (メタルギア) is a series of stealth games created by Japanese game designer Hideo Kojima and developed and published by Konami. The series is known for its very serious and complicated story line but also has some hidden humor, camp, and running gags throughout the games. The franchise also includes a novel, a radio drama, comic books, and a toy line.|
|Monster Hunter||September 21, 2004||48 million|
|Monster Hunter is a series of action role-playing video games released by Capcom, where players take the role of a hunter in a fantasy environment and complete quests by seeking out monsters to hunt or capture.|
|Tekken||December 9, 1994||47.6 million[n 11]|
|Tekken (鉄拳, lit. Iron Fist) is a series of fighting games with development by Katsuhiro Harada and published by Bandai Namco Entertainment (formerly by Namco). Originally an arcade game, versions now exist for many consoles. Currently it is the most successful franchise in the fighting genre.|
|Wii Fit||November 19, 2006||43.7 million[n 7]|
|The Wii Fit series of physical sports games was created by Shigeru Miyamoto for Nintendo's Wii console in 2007. It is a sub-series of the Wii Series franchise.|
|Pac-Man||May 22, 1980||43.243 million[n 12]|
|Pac-Man (パックマン Pakkuman) is an arcade maze chase game designed by Tōru Iwatani and released by Namco during the golden age of arcade video games, and is currently owned by Bandai Namco Entertainment. The franchise has spawned a series of ports, remakes, and sequels, in addition to numerous unauthorized clones.|
|Lineage||September 3, 1998||43 million|
|Lineage (Korean: 리니지) is a medieval fantasy massively multiplayer online role-playing franchise by the South Korean video game developer NCsoft. It has become highly popular in South Korea with subscriptions counting into the millions, but is also available in Chinese, Japanese, and English language versions.|
|Uncharted||November 20, 2007||41.7 million|
|Uncharted is a series of action-adventure/platform/third-person shooter video games developed by Naughty Dog and published by Sony Computer Entertainment about the adventures of treasure hunter Nathan Drake.|
|Dragon Ball||September 27, 1986||41 million|
|Dragon Ball (ドラゴンボール Doragon Bōru), created by Akira Toriyama in 1984, is an internationally famous media franchise. It consists primarily of two manga series, five different anime, nineteen animated feature films, a collectible trading card game as well as other collectibles like action figures.|
|Street Fighter||August 30, 1987||40 million|
|Street Fighter (ストリートファイター Sutorīto Faitā), is a series of fighting games developed and published by Capcom, which eventually turned into a media franchise covering comic books, anime series and movies. The first game was designed by Takashi Nishiyama and Hiroshi Matsumoto in 1987 for the arcades.|
|Guitar Hero||November 8, 2005||40 million|
|Guitar Hero is a series of music video games published by RedOctane and Activision, and developed by Harmonix Music Systems from 2005 to 2007 before development duties of the series were transferred to Neversoft starting with Guitar Hero III: Legends of Rock. However, it has been discontinued by Activision in 2011 until being rebooted in 2015.|
|Harry Potter||November 15, 2001||40 million|
|Based on the Harry Potter novels by British writer J. K. Rowling, the video game series (six games for the first six novels and two for the last one, a Quidditch simulation game, and four Lego games) has been developed and published by Electronic Arts. Lego Harry Potter was published by Warner Brothers.|
|Civilization||September 1991||40 million|
|Civilization is a series of turn-based strategy video games produced by Sid Meier. Basic gameplay functions are similar throughout the series, namely, guiding a civilization on a macro-scale from prehistory to the present day.|
|Mario Party||December 18, 1998||39.6 million|
|Mario Party is a multi-player party game featuring Mario series characters in which four human- and/or computer-controlled characters compete in a board game interspersed with minigames. Most of the Mario Party games have been developed by Hudson Soft and published by Nintendo (though the arcade version was developed by Capcom).|
|Medal of Honor||November 11, 1999||39 million[n 13]|
|Medal of Honor is the name of a series of first-person shooter games set in World War II, developed by DreamWorks Interactive (currently known as EA Los Angeles) and published by Electronic Arts. Medal of Honor spawned a series of follow-up games including multiple expansions spanning various console platforms and the PC and Apple Macintosh.|
|Super Smash Bros.||January 21, 1999||39 million[n 14]|
|Super Smash Bros is a series of Nintendo fighting games created by Masahiro Sakurai that feature |characters from several other Nintendo franchises and a few third party franchises and is known for both its unique gameplay style and countless nods towards the company's history.|
|Star Wars||May 1983||38 million[n 15]|
|Star Wars is a sci-fi, fantasy, action-adventure video game series based on the popular movie series. The series is published by LucasArts. Series within it includes LEGO Star Wars, Star Wars: Battlefront, and The Force Unleashed.|
|Diablo||December 31, 1996||36.5 million|
|Developed by Blizzard North and published by Blizzard Entertainment, Ubisoft and Electronic Arts, Diablo is a dark fantasy-themed action role-playing game in a hack and slash or "Dungeon Roaming" style.|
|Kirby||April 27, 1992||35.78 million|
|The Kirby (星のカービィ Hoshi no Kābi) series is a fantasy video game series starring the character Kirby, developed by HAL Laboratory and Nintendo, and produced by Nintendo. The gameplay of the majority of the games in the series consists mainly of action, platformer and puzzle-solving elements.|
|Mario Sports||May 1, 1984||35.498 million[n 3]|
|There have been numerous sports games in the Mario franchise by Nintendo. The first sports game featuring Mario was Golf in 1984.|
|Mortal Kombat||October 8, 1992||35 million|
|Created in 1992 Mortal Kombat is one of the best-selling fighting game series and is known for its graphic content.|
|NBA Live||October 1994||35 million|
|The NBA Live series of basketball video games is developed and published by EA Sports annually since 1995. After, an extended hiatus Nba Live made its 'comeback' with Nba Live 14|
|Brain Age||May 19, 2005||33 million|
|Based on the book Train Your Brain: 60 Days to a Better Brain by Japanese neurologist Ryuta Kawashima and distributed under the Touch! Generations brand. The franchise includes two Nintendo DS games, 3 DSiWare titles and one game on the Nintendo 3DS.|
|The Witcher||October 26, 2007||33 million|
|The Witcher is an Action RPG based on the book series of the same name by Polish author Andrzej Sapkowski. The Witcher takes place in a medieval fantasy world and follows the story of Geralt, one of a few remaining "witchers" – traveling monster hunter for hire, gifted with unnatural powers.|
|Mega Man||December 17, 1987||32 million|
|Mega Man, known as Rockman (ロックマン Rokkuman) in Japan, is a series of over 50 released video games from Capcom, usually starring the character Mega Man.|
|Tom Clancy's Splinter Cell||November 18, 2002||31 million|
|Splinter Cell is a series of video games endorsed by American author Tom Clancy which spawned a novel series in 2004 written under the pseudonym David Michaels. As a brand, it is owned by Tom Clancy's company, Rubicon, and is licensed to Ubisoft to make the games. The characters of the game, as well as "Third Echelon" itself, were created by Ubisoft writer J.T. Petty.|
|Fallout||September 30, 1997||31 million|
|Fallout is a series of post-apocalyptic retrofuturistic role-playing video games. It was created by Interplay Entertainment.|
|Gundam||1984||30.9044 million[n 17]|
|Gundam (ガンダム Gandamu) is a video game franchise based on one of the longest-running anime series featuring giant robots or mecha, created by animation studio Sunrise and currently published by Namco Bandai Games.|
|James Bond||1982||30 million|
|The franchise based on James Bond 007, the fictional British agent created in 1952 by British writer Ian Fleming, consist of over 20 video games published through several companies like Nintendo and Electronic Arts. The license is currently handled by Activision. The best known game in the franchise is GoldenEye 007, developed by Rare and published by Nintendo.|
|Tony Hawk's||September 30, 1999||30 million|
|The Tony Hawk's series is a skateboarding video game series endorsed by American professional skater Tony Hawk, created by game developer Neversoft and published by Activision.|
|Nintendogs||April 21, 2005||27.46 million|
|Nintendogs is a real-time pet simulation video game series developed and published by Nintendo for the Nintendo DS and Nintendo 3DS handheld video game consoles, originally released in three versions, plus two additional versions, all differing only in the starting available dogs to play with.|
|Borderlands||October 20, 2009||26 million|
|Borderlands is a series of action role-playing first-person shooter video games produced by Gearbox Software.|
|Ratchet & Clank||November 4, 2002||26 million|
|Ratchet & Clank is a series of 3D platform/shooter video games. The franchise has been developed primarily by Insomniac Games and published by Sony Computer Entertainment for the PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, PlayStation Portable, PlayStation Vita,and the PlayStation 4 video game systems.|
|Rayman||September 1, 1995||26 million|
|Created in 1995 by French graphic artist Michel Ancel, the main character of the series, Rayman, became the official mascot of the video game publisher Ubisoft. The Rayman series does not include the Raving Rabbids series.|
|Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six||August 21, 1998||26 million|
|Initially developed by Red Storm Entertainment while the Rainbow Six novel was being written by Tom Clancy, the tactical shooter franchise soon spawned a number of sequels and expansion packs. Red Storm was later acquired by Ubisoft, who currently develops and publishes the games.|
|Animal Crossing||April 14, 2001||25.25 million|
|Animal Crossing, known in Japan as Dōbutsu no Mori (どうぶつの森, lit. "Animal Forest"), is a video game series developed by Nintendo, in which the player lives his/her own virtual life in real time.|
|Counter-Strike||November 8, 2000||25 million|
|Counter-Strike is a series of tactical first-person shooter games that began as a mod for the game Half-Life. The series has since been developed by Valve Corporation, and published by Sierra Entertainment and Valve.|
|BioShock||August 21, 2007||25 million shipped|
|BioShock is a video game series developed by Irrational Games—the first under the name 2K Boston/2K Australia— and designed by Ken Levine.|
|Based on comic book superheroes, the franchise includes games from Spider-Man and X-Men published by Activision.|
|Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon||November 13, 2001||25 million|
|Ghost Recon is a series of military tactical shooter video games created by Red Storm Entertainment, the game development studio founded by American author Tom Clancy.|
|Tiger Woods PGA Tour||1998||25 million|
|Tiger Woods PGA Tour is a series of video games developed and published by Electronic Arts featuring professional golfer Tiger Woods, among other professionals on the PGA Tour.|
|Puyo Puyo||October 25, 1991||25 million|
|Puyo Poyo Puyo Puyo (ぷよぷよ), previously localized as Puyo Pop, is a series of computer puzzle games created in 1991 by Compile for various video game systems. Sega acquired the rights to the franchise with development currently by Sonic Team.|
|Petz (which includes brands like Dogz and Catz) is a series of games in which the player can adopt, raise, care for and breed their own virtual pets.|
|Kingdom Hearts||March 28, 2002||24 million|
|Kingdom Hearts (キングダムハーツ Kingudamu Hātsu) is a series of action role-playing games developed and published by Square Enix (previously by Square) and is owned by The Walt Disney Company. It is the result of a collaboration between Disney Interactive Studios and Square Enix, and is under the direction of Tetsuya Nomura, a longtime Square Enix character designer.|
|Mario & Sonic||November 6, 2007||22.28 million[n 16]|
|Mario & Sonic is a crossover sports game series featuring characters from the Mario and Sonic the Hedgehog franchises.|
|Gears of War||November 7, 2006||22 million|
|Gears of War is a tactical third-person shooter video game developed by Epic Games and published by Microsoft Game Studios, revolving about a war between humans and creatures known as Locust in the fictional planet Sera.|
|Batman is a series of video games based on the DC Comics character, and developed by Ocean Software, Atari, Sunsoft, Acclaim, EA and Rocksteady.|
|Yu-Gi-Oh!||July 1998||21.8 million|
|Based on the Japanese anime and manga franchise Yu-Gi-Oh! (遊☆戯☆王 Yūgiō, lit. "Game King") created by Kazuki Takahashi. All related video games are produced by Konami.|
|God of War||March 22, 2005||21.65 million|
|God of War is a series of action-adventure video games loosely based on Greek mythology originally created by David Jaffe and developed by SCE Santa Monica Studio (main installments), as well as Ready at Dawn (portable installments) and Javaground (mobile installment). The multimedia franchise's central story revolves around the Spartan warrior, Kratos, who is on a path of vengeance to rid himself of the nightmares of murdering his wife and child and the betrayal by his father, Zeus and the Olympian Gods.|
|Jikkyō Powerful Pro Yakyū||1994||21.4 million|
|Jikkyō Powerful Pro Yakyū (実況パワフルプロ野球), known as Power Pros to non-Japanese speakers, is a traditionally Japan-only baseball series created by Konami. It is known for its big-headed characters and arcade-style gameplay.|
|Imagine||February 21, 2007||21 million|
|Imagine is a series of video games by Ubisoft, aimed primarily at girls released from 2007 onwards.|
|Yoshi||December 14, 1991||20.65 million|
|The Yoshi video game series is a franchise of platform games and puzzle games that is a spin-off of the Mario series published and produced by the Japanese gaming company Nintendo. The series revolves around Yoshi, a green dinosaur-like character.|
|Prince of Persia||October 3, 1989||20 million|
|Prince of Persia is a video game franchise created by Jordan Mechner, originally developed and published by Brøderbund, then The Learning Company, and currently Ubisoft. The franchise is built around a series of action-adventure games focused on various incarnations of the eponymous prince.|
|Age of Empires||October 26, 1997||20 million|
|Age of Empires is a series of real-time strategy video games developed by now-defunct Ensemble Studios and Gas Powered Games, and published by Microsoft Studios. There are eight titles in the series (four of which are expansions) and a spin-off titled Age of Mythology.|
|Castlevania||September 26, 1986||20 million|
|Castlevania is a video game series created and developed by Konami originally released as Akumajō Dracula (悪魔城ドラキュラ Akumajō Dorakyura, lit. "Devil's Castle Dracula"). The franchise spawned a number of action figures and a future movie.|
|Far Cry||March 23, 2004||20 million|
|Far Cry is a first-person shooter video games originally developed by Crytek for the Microsoft Windows and later by Ubisoft Montreal for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox, Xbox 360 and Wii, and published by Ubisoft.|
|Frogger||June 5, 1981||20 million|
|An arcade franchise developed and currently owned by Konami. The first entry in the series was released worldwide by Sega and Gremlin Industries in 1981. Frogger has seen numerous sequels for a number of systems including computers and video game consoles. The given sales figure does not include arcade game sales.|
|J.B. Harold||August 1986||20 million|
|J.B. Harold is a series of mystery adventure games. It began with J.B. Harold Murder Club, released by Riverhillsoft for the NEC PC-98 computer in 1986, and the series has since been released on various platforms.|
|Lego Star Wars||April 5, 2005||20 million|
|A platform-based video game series where the player takes the role of characters from the films, in minifigure form.|
|Lemmings||February 14, 1991||20 million|
|Lemmings is a puzzle video game, developed by DMA Design (now Rockstar North) and owned by Psygnosis (now Sony Computer Entertainment Liverpool) who published it in 1991, originally for the Commodore Amiga.|
|The Simple series are a number of series of budget-priced video games, published by Japanese company D3 Publisher and developed by a variety of companies, covering many systems.|
|SingStar||May 21, 2004||20 million|
|SingStar is a competitive karaoke video game series for the PlayStation family, published by Sony Computer Entertainment Europe and developed by London Studio. Fifteen English-language installments of the series have been released for the PlayStation 2, with recent versions also released for the PlayStation 3.|
|SpongeBob SquarePants||2001||20 million|
|SpongeBob SquarePants is an American animated television series and media franchise. The games were formerly published by THQ and currently published by Activision.|
|Spyro the Dragon||September 10, 1998||20 million|
|Spyro the Dragon is a platform game series, with development by Insomniac Games before handling development duties to alternate developers. Publishing was provided by Universal Interactive before being transferred over to Sierra Entertainment, and currently owned and published by Activision. The series stars the video game character Spyro, a purple European dragon. The franchise expanded to several other platforms including portable and mobile applications.|
|Total War||June 13, 2000||20 million|
|Total War is a computer strategy game series developed by the Creative Assembly and owned and published by Sega. Its games combine turn-based strategy and resource management, with real-time tactical control of battles.|
At least 10 million copies
|Franchise name||Original release date||Sales|
|Driver||June 30, 1999||19 million|
|Driver is a series of mission-based driving video games for PlayStation, PlayStation 2, Xbox, Wii, PlayStation Portable, Game Boy Advance, mobile phones and PC. Developed by Reflections Interactive in Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, it was originally published by GT Interactive, later by Atari, and currently by Ubisoft.|
|Warcraft||January 15, 1994||19 million|
|Warcraft is a fictional universe in which a series of games and books published by Blizzard Entertainment are set. The franchise also includes tabletop games, collectible card games and a film. Figure does not include World of Warcraft and Hearthstone.|
|Midnight Club||October 26, 2000||18.5 million shipped|
|Midnight Club is a series of free roam racing games within metropolitan areas developed by Rockstar San Diego and published by Rockstar Games.|
|Wario||January 21, 1994||18.05 million|
|The Wario (ワリオ) franchise comprises various video games created by Nintendo, starring the character Wario. The franchise began with Wario Land: Super Mario Land 3, the first game to feature Wario as a playable character, and gained many further installments. The Wario series includes mostly platforming video games and minigame compilations, but also includes other genres. It is a spin-off of the Mario franchise.|
|Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles||February 1, 1989||18 million|
|Video Game series based on the Media Franchise of the Same Name|
|Dynasty Warriors||February 28, 1997||18 million|
|Dynasty Warriors (真・三國無双 Shin Sangokumusō, lit. "True – Unrivaled Three Kingdoms") is a series of tactical action video games created by Koei which began as a spin-off of Koei's turn-based strategy Romance of the Three Kingdoms series, based loosely around the Chinese epic of the same name.|
|SimCity||February 1989||18 million|
|SimCity is an open-ended city-building video game series and the brainchild of developer Will Wright. It was published by Maxis (now a division of Electronic Arts).|
|Rock Band||November 20, 2007||18 million|
|Rock Band is a series of music video games developed by Harmonix Music Systems and MTV Games, and distributed by Electronic Arts for the PlayStation 2, 3 and 4, Xbox 360 and Xbox One, and Wii game consoles. The series expands upon Harmonix' earlier work on the Guitar Hero series, and allows for up to four players to virtually perform rock music songs on lead guitar, bass guitar, drums, keyboard, and vocals using special controllers modeled after musical instruments.|
|Metroid||August 6, 1986||17.44 million|
|The Metroid (メトロイド Metoroido) is a series of science fiction-based video games produced by Nintendo, spanning through several Nintendo systems like the Famicom Disk System, NES, Game Boy, Super NES, Game Boy Advance, Nintendo GameCube, Nintendo DS, and Wii.|
|StarCraft||April 1, 1998||17 million|
|StarCraft is a science fiction media franchise created by Chris Metzen and Bill Roper and owned by Blizzard Entertainment. The series has grown to include a number of other games as well as eight novels, two Amazing Stories articles, a board game and other licensed merchandise such as collectible statues and toys.|
|Zuma||December 12, 2003||17 million|
|Zuma is a fast-paced puzzle game developed by PopCap Games. It can be played for free online at several Web sites, and can be purchased for a number of platforms, including PDAs, mobile phones, and the iPod. An enhanced version, called Zuma Deluxe, is available for purchase in Windows and Mac OS X versions and as an Xbox Live Arcade download for the Xbox 360 and a PlayStation Network download for the PlayStation 3.|
|NBA 2K||November 10, 1999||17 million shipped|
|NBA 2K is a basketball video game series that was initially exclusive for the Dreamcast starting in 1999. The series was originally published by Sega, under the label Sega Sports, now published by 2K Sports and developed by Visual Concepts.|
|Tales||December 15, 1995||≈16 million|
|The Tales (テイルズ Teiruzu) series is a media franchise of role-playing video games created by Wolf Team and formerly published by Namco. The series is currently developed and published by Bandai Namco Entertainment.|
|Forza Motorsport||March 27, 2005||≈16 million|
|Forza is a semi-simulation racing video game franchise made for the Xbox brand of consoles owned by Microsoft Studios. A direct competitor to the PlayStation-exclusive Gran Turismo series, Forza is known for its high level of vehicle customization features, including a car vinyl editor. It is divided between two series; the original track-focused Forza Motorsport developed by American developer Turn 10 Studios, and the 2012-debuted open world-focused Forza Horizon primarily developed by British developer Playground Games.|
|Half-Life||November 19, 1998||16 million|
|Half-Life is a science fiction first-person shooter computer series developed and published by Valve Corporation.|
|Devil May Cry||August 23, 2001||16 million|
|Devil May Cry is a series of video games set in the modern day, created by Hideki Kamiya and developed by Capcom.|
|Naruto: Ultimate Ninja||October 23, 2003||16 million|
|Naruto: Ultimate Ninja (ＮＡＲＵＴＯ－ナルト－ ナルティメットヒーロー Naruto: Narutimetto Hīrō) is a series of 3D computer graphics fighting games, based on the popular manga and anime series Naruto. They are developed by CyberConnect2 and published by Bandai Namco Entertainment (formerly by Bandai).|
|Super Robot Wars||April 20, 1991||16 million|
|Super Robot Wars is a series of tactical role-playing video games produced by Banpresto, a Japanese division of Bandai Namco Entertainment. Starting out as a spinoff of the Compati Hero Series, the main feature of the franchise is having a story that crosses over several popular mecha anime, manga and video games, allowing characters and mecha from different titles to team up or battle one another.|
|Jak and Daxter||December 4, 2001||15.92 million|
|Jak and Daxter is a series of open world 3D platform/shooter/racing video games. Originally developed by Naughty Dog and published by Sony Computer Entertainment for the PlayStation 2, the franchise has appeared on the PlayStation Portable, PlayStation Vita, and PlayStation 3 video game systems.|
|Bemani||December 1997||15.84 million[n 18]|
|The Bemani franchise was created by Konami's music video game division. It began with Beatmania in 1997 and was then expanded with other arcade rhythm game series such as Dance Dance Revolution, Guitar Freaks, and Drum Mania.|
|Red Dead||May 18, 2010||15.35 million shipped|
|Red Dead is a Western video game franchise published by Rockstar Games. It began as a cancelled Capcom production, Red Dead Revolver, which was later completed by Rockstar and expanded into a franchise.|
|Backyard Sports||October 24, 1997||15 million|
|Backyard Sports is a series of video games that play on both consoles and computers. The series is best known for starring kid-sized versions of popular professional sports stars, such as Albert Pujols, Paul Pierce, Barry Bonds, Tim Duncan, Kevin Garnett, Tom Brady, Alex Rodriguez, Joe Thornton and Andy Macdonald. The Backyard Sports series is the only game brand licensed by all the leading professional US sports leagues (MLB, NBA, NFL, NHL, and MLS).|
|Based on the Barbie doll made by Mattel, the video games are currently published by Activision.|
|Burnout||November 11, 2001||15 million|
|Burnout is a series of high-speed racing games for game consoles. The game series was developed by Criterion Games, published by Acclaim and later Electronic Arts.|
|Gex||November 16, 1994||15 million|
|Gex is a platformer video game series, developed by Crystal Dynamics and owned formerly by Eidos Interactive and currently by Square Enix Europe. It details the adventures of an anthropomorphic gecko named Gex who travels through the media dimension to stop Emperor Rez.|
|Hitman||November 2000||15 million|
|Hitman is a video game franchise available on PC as well as several video game consoles, including PlayStation 3, PlayStation 2, Xbox 360, Xbox and Nintendo GameCube, developed by the Danish company IO Interactive and formerly published by Eidos Interactive and Square Enix Europe. The plot focuses on an extremely skilled clone assassin who is sent to silently kill the world's most powerful criminals.|
|Professor Layton||February 15, 2007||15 million[n 19]|
|The Professor Layton series ("Reiton-kyōju series" (レイトン教授シリーズ)) is a puzzle adventure game series for the Nintendo DS, currently consisting of six games developed by Level 5, as well as a crossover title. Each title is based in a series of puzzles and mysteries given by the citizens of towns that the main characters visit. It is not necessary to solve all the puzzles to progress, but some are mandatory and at certain points in the game a minimum number of puzzles must be solved before the plot may continue.|
|Ace Combat||June 30, 1995||≈14 million|
|Ace Combat is an arcade style combat flight simulation video game series published by the Japanese company Bandai Namco Entertainment (formerly by Namco). Although typically set in a fictional universe, many details are similar to real-life wars, and the series features actual present-day aircraft in addition to fictional ones.|
|Souls||February 5, 2009||14.7 million|
|Souls is an action role-playing game series created and developed by FromSoftware.|
|RollerCoaster Tycoon||March 31, 1999||14.4 million|
|RollerCoaster Tycoon is a series of video games that simulate amusement park management. Each game in the series challenges players with open-ended amusement park management and development, and also allows players to construct and customize their own unique roller coasters.|
|Raving Rabbids||November 14, 2006||14 million|
|Raving Rabbids is a Party video games and a spin-off to Rayman developed and published by Ubisoft.|
|Worms is a series of turn-based video games developed by Team17. Players control a small platoon of worms across a deformable landscape, battling other computer- or player-controlled teams. The game's concept was devised by Andy Davidson.|
|Mass Effect||November 20, 2007||14 million|
|Mass Effect is a series of sci-fi third-person action role-playing games developed by the Canadian company BioWare Edmonton.|
|Guild Wars||April 28, 2005||13.8 million|
|Guild Wars is an episodic series of multiplayer online role-playing games created by ArenaNet, a Seattle game development studio and a subsidiary of the South Korean game publisher NCsoft.|
|Soulcalibur||December, 1995||13.38 million|
|The Soulcalibur series is a weapon based fighting game series of arcade games. Each installment has its own version on a home console formerly by Namco and currently by Bandai Namco Entertainment.|
|Pokémon Mystery Dungeon||November 17, 2005||13.07 million[n 20]|
|Pokémon Mystery Dungeon is a roguelike spin-off series of Pokémon, with ten games across four platforms. It was first developed and published by ChunSoft and later Spike Chunsoft.|
|Saints Row||August 29, 2006||13 million|
|Saints Row is a popular video game series created by Volition. The gameplay consists of a mixture of action, adventure and driving and has gained controversy for its adult nature and violent themes. The games in the series are written as comedies that feature popular culture homages and parodies, as well as self-referential humor.|
|Myst||September 24, 1993||13 million|
|The Myst franchise consists of a series of adventure games and novels, centering on the storyline of Atrus and his family, who are descendants of the fallen D'ni civilization—a subterranean city whose people could link to other universes by writing a descriptive book about that world.|
|Cooking Mama||March 23, 2006||12 million|
|Cooking Mama (クッキング ママ Kukkingu Mama) is a series of cookery simulation-styled minigame compilation video games developed by Cooking Mama Limited (formerly known as Office Create) and published by Taito in Japan and for the iPhone OS, Majesco Entertainment in North America and 505 Games in Europe.|
|SOCOM||August 27, 2002||12 million|
|SOCOM is a series of third-person shooter video games created by Zipper Interactive. The games focus on various teams of United States Navy SEALs completing missions with occasional help from other special operations forces from around the world such as the SAS, SBS, and GROM.|
|Star Fox||February 21, 1993||12 million|
|Star Fox (スターフォックス SutāFokkusu) is a video game series created by Shigeru Miyamoto from Nintendo during the early 1990s. The original game was a forward-scrolling 3D Sci-Fi rail shooter. Later sequels added more directional freedom as the series progressed. The game concept was inspired by a shrine to a fox god who could fly, which Shigeru Miyamoto visited regularly. The shrine was accessible through a series of arches, thus, inspiring the gameplay.|
|Dead Rising||August 8, 2006||12 million|
|Dead Rising (デッドライジング Deddo Raijingu) is a series of survival horror action-adventure games developed by Capcom and produced by Keiji Inafune.|
|Left 4 Dead||October 17, 2008||11 million shipped|
|Left 4 Dead is a series of cooperative first-person shooter video games produced by Valve Corporation.|
|Yakuza||December 8, 2005||10.5 million|
|Yakuza is an open world action-adventure game franchise created and published by Sega.|
|Adventure Island||September 12, 1986||10 million|
|Adventure Island (高橋名人の冒険島 Takahashi Meijin no Bouken Jima, lit. "Master Takahashi's Adventure Island"), also known as Hudson's Adventure Island, is a platform game series developed by Hudson Soft.|
|ARMA||November 10, 2006||10 million|
|ARMA is a series of first person tactical military shooters on with large elements of realism and simulation.|
|Asphalt||November 21, 2004||10 million|
|Asphalt Urban GT is a series of racing games developed by Gameloft and published by Ubisoft for portable platforms including Nintendo DS, PlayStation Portable and mobile phones.|
|Bomberman||July 1983||10 million|
|Bomberman is a strategic, maze-based computer and video game franchise originally developed and published by Hudson Soft and is currently owned by Konami. The original game was published in 1983.|
|Buzz!||October 21, 2005||10 million|
|Buzz! is a series of video games originated by Sleepydog Ltd., developed by Relentless Software and published by Sony Computer Entertainment Europe for the PlayStation 2 console. They are quiz games that sees the players answering trivia questions whilst competing in the fictional game show, Buzz.|
|Colin McRae Rally||July 1998||10 million|
|Colin McRae Rally is a racing video game series developed and published by Codemasters. The series is named after the late World Rally Championship driver Colin McRae, who provided technical advice during development.|
|Deer Hunter||December 31, 1997||10 million|
|Deer Hunter is a first-person shooting game series of North American video games published by WizardWorks, a division of Infogrames.|
|The Lord of the Rings||October 21, 2002||10 million|
|Based on the series of movies The Lord of the Rings by Peter Jackson, the series include The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers and The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, published by Electronic Arts.|
|Momotaro Dentetsu||October 26, 1987||10 million|
|Momotaro Dentetsu (桃太郎電鉄 Momotarō Dentetsu, Momotarō Electric Railway) (also known by the abbreviated name Momotetsu) is a long-running board game-style video game series in Japan. The game mechanics are often compared to the board games sugoroku and Monopoly.|
|Pitfall!||April 20, 1982||10 million|
|Pitfall! is a series of platform games developed by Activision.|
|The Settlers||June 30, 1993||10 million|
|The Settlers (also known as Serf City, original German title Die Siedler) is a slow-paced real time strategy video game by German developer Blue Byte.|
|Star Wars: Battlefront||September 21, 2004||10 million|
|The Star Wars: Battlefront series is a group of first-person/third-person shooters based on the Star Wars films by George Lucas. Pandemic Studios developed the first two installments, while Renegade Squadron and Elite Squadron were developed by Rebellion Developments. LucasArts was behind the entire series’ publishing. The latest installments is published by EA and developed by EA DICE|
|Chain Chronicle||July 26, 2013||10 million|
|Chain Chronicle is a tower defense role-playing franchise created and published by Sega.|
At least 5 million copies
|Franchise name||Original release date||Sales|
|SaGa||December 15, 1989||9.9 million|
|SaGa is a series of open world role-playing video games formerly produced by Square and is currently owned by Square Enix.|
|Scooby-Doo||December 15, 1983||9.9 million|
|Scooby-Doo, a series of video games based on the cartoon series of the same name.|
|Splatoon||May 18, 2015||9.82 million|
|Splatoon is a third-person shooter series developed by Nintendo. Gameplay centers around characters known as Inklings—beings that can transform between humanoid and squid forms, and hide or swim through colored ink sprayed on surfaces using gun, bucket, or brush-based weaponry.|
|Dead or Alive||November 26, 1996||9.45 million[n 21]|
|Dead or Alive (デッドオアアライブ Deddo oa Araibu) is a video game series produced by Tecmo that comprises primarily fighting games. The story and characters are the creation of Tomonobu Itagaki, and the game was developed by Tecmo's Team Ninja development team.|
|Luigi||January 21, 1994||9.05 million|
|The Luigi video game series is a franchise of survival horror, platform games and puzzle games that is a spin-off of the Mario franchise published and produced by Nintendo. The series revolves around Luigi, Mario's brother.|
|EA Sports NASCAR series||October 31, 1997||9 million|
|EA Sports NASCAR series was a series of NASCAR video games published by EA Sports. The series began with NASCAR 98 and NASCAR 99 in 1997 and 1998, respectively. EA Sports then released NASCAR Thunder 2002 in 2001, and ever since then, Jeff Gordon (2002), Dale Earnhardt, Jr. (2003), and Tony Stewart (2004) were on the cover. After NASCAR Kart Racing was released in 2009 for Wii, EA's contract with NASCAR has since expired.|
|Payday: The Heist||October 18, 2011||9 million|
|Payday: The Heist is a downloadable cooperative first-person shooter video game developed by Overkill Software and published by Sony Online Entertainment. PAYDAY2 was released in 2013 and will continued to be supported by Overkill Software until 2017.|
|Marvel vs. Capcom||September 9, 1996||8.7 million|
|Marvel vs. Capcom (マーヴルVSカプコン Māburu bāsasu Kapukon) is a series of fighting games developed and published by Capcom featuring characters from Marvel Comics and Capcom's own video game franchises.|
|Doom||December 10, 1993||8.5 million|
|Doom is a series of video games by id Software, and several licensed properties have been based on the series.|
|Persona||September 20, 1996||8.5 million|
|Persona is a subseries of the Megami Tensei role-playing game franchise created by Atlus.|
|Onimusha||January 25, 2001||8 million|
|Onimusha (鬼武者, lit. "Oni Warrior") is a series of action-adventure games by Capcom. The series makes use of the historic figures that shaped Japan's history, retelling their stories with supernatural elements.|
|Cars||June 6, 2006||8 million|
|Cars is a video game based on the Disney/Pixar film, Cars, it serves as a non-canon sequel to it.|
|Numerous electronic games featuring the popular Marvel Comics superhero Spider-Man have been released. To date, Spider-Man has made appearances on over 15 gaming platforms, which also includes mobile games on cellphones.|
|Zoo Tycoon||October 17, 2001||8 million|
|The Zoo Tycoon series is a video game series that began in 2001. All of the games in the series focus around building up a successful zoo and running it, although scenarios may have other goals. It was developed by Blue Fang Games.|
|Carnival Games||August 27, 2007||8 million shipped|
|Carnival Games is a video game franchise for Nintendo's Wii console, the Nintendo DS, and Microsoft's Kinect. It was published by Global Star Software, before GSS was absorbed into Take-Two Interactive (and what is now 2K Play).|
|Watch Dogs||May 27, 2014||8 million shipped|
|Watch Dogs is an open world action-adventure video game developed by Ubisoft Montreal.|
|Ninja Gaiden||December 9, 1988||7.705 million[n 22]|
|Ninja Gaiden (忍者外伝) is a series of video games by Tecmo featuring the dragon ninja, Ryu Hayabusa. The series was originally known as Ninja Ryukenden (忍者龍剣伝 Ninja Ryūkenden, lit. "Legend of the Ninja Dragon Sword") in Japan, while the original arcade title and early home installments of the series were usually known as Shadow Warriors in the PAL region.|
|Everybody's Golf||July 7, 1997||7.5 million|
|Everybody's Golf (みんなのGOLF Minna no Golf), known as Hot Shots Golf in North America is a series of golf games published by Sony for the PlayStation, PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable and PlayStation 3 consoles.|
|Max Payne||July 25, 2001||7.5 million|
|Max Payne is a third-person shooter video game series originally developed by the Finnish company Remedy Entertainment, produced by 3D Realms and published by Gathering of Developers. Later versions were published and developed by Rockstar Games. The Max Payne series has a major cinematic influence: the Hong Kong action movie genre, particularly the work of director John Woo, which features a great deal of slow-motion violence and gunfights, almost resembling ballet.|
|Megami Tensei||September 11, 1987||7.2 million|
|Megami Tensei is a franchise of role-playing video games created by Atlus and owned by Sega.|
|Football Manager||November 5, 2004||7 million|
|Football Manager is a series of association football management simulation games developed by Sports Interactive and published by Sega. The game began its life in 1992 as Championship Manager; however, following the break-up of their partnership with original publishers Eidos Interactive, Sports Interactive lost the naming rights and re-branded the game Football Manager with their new publishers Sega.|
|Moto Racer||August 31, 1997||7 million|
|Moto Racer is a sports game based on motorbikes developed and published by Nobilis.|
|Oddworld||September 19, 1997||7 million|
|Oddworld is a comprehensive fictional universe presented in video game form, created by game developers Oddworld Inhabitants under the direction of Lorne Lanning.|
|Project Gotham Racing||November 9, 2001||7 million|
|Project Gotham Racing is a franchise of racing video games developed by Bizarre Creations and is published by Microsoft Game Studios and Sega. This series is exclusive to the Dreamcast, Xbox and Xbox 360 consoles only. This series of racing games consists of Metropolis Street Racer, Project Gotham Racing, Project Gotham Racing 2, Project Gotham Racing 3, and Project Gotham Racing 4.|
|Just Cause||22 September 2006||7 million[n 23]|
|Just Cause is an action-adventure video game series created by Avalanche Studios. The series currently consists of three games, Just Cause, Just Cause 2, and Just Cause 3. The games are open world and take place in tropical environments.|
|Unreal||May 22, 1998||7 million|
|The Unreal series is a video game franchise developed by Epic MegaGames, now known as Epic Games and originally published by GT Interactive, later by Infogrames, Atari, and currently by Midway Games. It was powered by the Unreal Engine which had been in development for over three years before the game was released.|
|Trine||July 3, 2009||7 million|
|Trine is an action-platform and puzzle game developed by Frozenbyte that takes place in a medieval fantasy setting and allows players to take control of three separate characters who can battle enemies and solve environmental puzzles. It has a sequel that was first released in 2011.|
|Nancy Drew||December 1998||7 million|
|Nancy Drew games follow the popular adventure game style of play. Players must move Nancy around in a virtual environment to talk to suspects, pick up clues, solve puzzles, and eventually solve the crime. They are usually published by Her Interactive.|
|Rugrats||June 29, 1999||7 million|
|Video game series based on the animated series of the same name, published by THQ.|
|EyeToy||November 4, 2003||6.7 million|
|The EyeToy is a color digital camera device, similar to a webcam, for the PlayStation 2 and PlayStation Portable. Games on these series require the camera to input gestures in order to achieve certain goals in themselves.|
|Ace Attorney||October 11, 2001||6.7 million|
|Ace Attorney, known as Gyakuten Saiban (逆転裁判, "Turnabout Trial") in Japan, is an adventure visual novel-style game series, by creator Shu Takumi. It is owned and published by Capcom.|
|MX vs. ATV||March 16, 2005||6.5 million shipped|
|MX vs. ATV is an offroad racing game franchise developed by Rainbow Studios and published by Nordic Games, who took control of the franchise's publishing rights from THQ after the latter's bankruptcy.|
|Tomodachi Collection||June 18, 2009||6.32 million|
|Tomodachi Collection is a life simulation video game series developed and published by Nintendo, originally released in June 2009 for the Nintendo DS. The games are about players watching over the more-than-often ridiculous lives of their Mii characters, as they go about and perform daily activities, make friendships, and start romantic relationships. A sequel for the Nintendo 3DS called Tomodachi Life was released in 2013 in Japan, and 2014 worldwide.|
|Excitebike||November 21, 1990||6.16 million|
|Excitebike is a motocross racing video game franchise made by Nintendo. It is part of the larger Excite series, which includes other racing games, but with different vehicles such as trucks and animal-themed robots.|
|Lost Planet||December 21, 2006||6.1 million|
|Lost Planet is a third-person shooter video game series, developed and published by Capcom.|
|Mana||June 8, 1991||6 million|
|The Mana series, known in Japan as Seiken Densetsu (聖剣伝説, lit. "Holy Sword Legend"), is an action role-playing game series from Square Enix, created by Koichi Ishii. The series began as a handheld side story, Final Fantasy Adventure, to Square's flagship franchise Final Fantasy, though most Final Fantasy inspired elements were subsequently dropped, starting with the second installment, Secret of Mana.|
|Army Men||1998||6 million|
|Army Men is a series of video games developed by 3DO and Global Star Software.|
|Alone in the Dark||1992||6 million|
|Alone in the Dark is a series of survival horror video games from Infogrames, based on the writings of H. P. Lovecraft, although later games in the series drew inspiration from other sources, including Voodoo, the Wild West, and the works of H.R. Giger.|
|Brothers in Arms||March 1, 2005||6 million|
|Brothers in Arms is a first-person shooter video game series created by Gearbox Software and published by Ubisoft, originally released in early 2005. The game takes place during World War II and focuses on team strategy rather than the faster paced run and gun tactics of the Medal of Honor series.|
|Carmen Sandiego||1985||6 million|
|Carmen Sandiego was originally conceived in 1983 by ex-Disney artist Gene Portwood, Mark Iscaro, Dane Bigham and Lauren Elliott at Brøderbund Software. The concept for the product evolved from a game the Carlstons (founders of Brøderbund) played as kids, using the world almanac and maps to play quiz games. The franchise later developed into television series and books.|
|Championship Manager||September 1, 1992||6 million|
|The Championship Manager series is a series of British football-management simulation. It was one of the most popular video game franchises of all time. The Championship Manager brand and game was conceived by two brothers: Paul and Oliver Collyer. The series was split in two in 2005 as the Collyers decided that their vision of the game was at odds with that of publisher Eidos Interactive so they need to leave to continue making a game they could be proud of. The brothers lost their battle to keep the Championship Manager name, however, and so their series was rebranded as Football Manager while Eidos continued to develop the game their own way under the Championship Manager moniker.|
|NBA Jam||1993||6 million|
|NBA Jam is a series of basketball-based video games created by Midway and later Electronic Arts.|
|Romance of the Three Kingdoms||10 December 1985||6 million|
|Romance of the Three Kingdoms (三國志 Sangokushi) is a turn-based computerized wargame series by Koei that originated from Japan. The games cover events of the Romance of the Three Kingdoms and the Chronicles of the Three Kingdoms in China during the 2nd and 3rd centuries.|
|Test Drive||1987||6 million<|
|Test Drive is the name of a racing game franchise originally published by Accolade, which was later bought by Infogrames. The Test Drive games are now published by Atari, the name which Infogrames renamed itself in 2003.|
|Turok||February 28, 1997||6 million|
|Turok is a first-person shooter video game series, set in a primitive world inhabited by dinosaurs and other creatures, published by Acclaim Entertainment.|
|Warhammer 40,000||August 2003||6 million|
|Warhammer 40,000 is a series of video games based on the Games Workshop tabletop game Warhammer 40,000. Since being taken over by THQ in 2001, games in the franchise have included real-time strategy Dawn of War, its expansions and sequel for windows PCs; Squad Command, a turn-based tactics game for handheld systems; turn-based strategy game Glory in Death for the Nokia N-Gage and first person shooter Fire Warrior for Windows and PlayStation 2.|
|Conflict||September 30, 2002||6 million shipped|
|Conflict is a series of tactical third-person shooter developed by Pivotal Games and published by SCi.|
|Major League Baseball 2K||March 1, 2004||5.5 million|
|Major League Baseball 2K is a series of Major League Baseball video games, developed by Visual Concepts and Kush Games, and published by 2K Sports. Visual Concepts called the series World Series Baseball in years prior to 2004 for the Dreamcast, with Pedro Martínez as the cover athlete.|
|Virtua Fighter||December 1993||Over 5.4 million for the Saturn/PS2 ports of Virtua Fighter, Virtua Fighter 2 and Virtua Fighter 4 (excluding Virtua Fighter 4: Evolution)|
|Virtua Fighter is a 3D fighting game series created by Yu Suzuki and developed and published by Sega.|
|Chrono||March 11, 1995||5.4 million|
|The Chrono (クロノ) series is a video game franchise formerly developed by Square and is currently owned by Square Enix. It began in 1995 with the time travel role-playing video game Chrono Trigger, which spawned two continuations, the visual novel Radical Dreamers and the role-playing game Chrono Cross.|
|Anno||September 24, 1998||5 million|
|Anno is a series of games with both real time strategy and city building elements, developed by Germany-based Sunflowers Interactive Entertainment Software company.|
|Based on The Adventures of Asterix (French: Astérix), a series of French comic books by René Goscinny (stories) and Albert Uderzo (illustrations). The video game franchise has been handled by Infogrames since 1993.|
|Baldur's Gate||November 30, 1998||5 million|
|Baldur's Gate is a series of role-playing video games that take place on Faerûn, the main continent from Dungeons & Dragons's Forgotten Realms campaign setting, set in the years following the cataclysmic Time of Troubles, originally developed by BioWare.|
|Chessmaster is a chess playing video game series by Ubisoft initially developed by The Software Toolworks. It includes numerous tutorials by International Master Joshua Waitzkin for players of all skill levels.|
|F-Zero||November 21, 1990||5 million|
|F-Zero is a series of futuristic racing video games created by Nintendo. The first installment was released as a launch title for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, being successful enough to spawn sequels in subsequent consoles.|
|Stronghold||October 21, 2001||5 million|
|Stronghold is a historic real-time strategy (RTS) game series developed by Firefly Studios starting from 2001. The game focuses primarily on conquest and expansion through military pursuits, but also provides space for economic strategy and development.|
|Tecmo Bowl||December, 1987||5 million|
|Tecmo Bowl is an arcade video game series of American Football released by Tecmo, Inc.|
|TOCA Touring Car||November, 1997||5 million|
|TOCA is a racing video game series developed and published by Codemasters, initially focusing specifically on touring car racing but more recently expanding to cover a wide variety of motorsport.|
|Twisted Metal||November 5, 1995||5 million in North America|
|Twisted Metal is a vehicular combat series made for the PlayStation, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3 and PSP. The series is published by Sony and developed by the game studio Incognito Entertainment.|
|V-Rally||July 1998||5 million|
|V-Rally is a racing game franchise originally developed by Eden Studios and published by Infogrames and later by Electronic Arts.|
|Mafia||August 28, 2002||5 million shipped|
|Mafia is a third-person shooter series made for Windows, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox, Xbox 360, and Xbox One that is set in the 1930s through 1960s and focuses on fictional American Mafia families of that era. The series is currently published by 2K Games and developed by 2K Czech, previously known as Illusion Softworks and currently developed by Hangar 13.|
|Bubble Bobble||August , 1986||5 million shipped|
|Bubble Bobble is a comical action platformer made for arcade, Famicom Disk System The game, starring the twin Bubble Dragons Bub and Bob, tasks players with travelling through one hundred stages, blowing and bursting bubbles, jumping on and off blown bubbles to navigate level obstacles, dodging and eliminating enemies, and collecting a variety of items including some that carry power-ups and significant bonuses.|
- List of longest-running video game franchises
- List of best-selling video games
- List of highest-grossing arcade games
- List of video game franchises
- List of the highest-grossing media franchises
- List of the highest-grossing video game franchises
- Super Mario series:
- Mario Kart series:
- Mario Sports series:
- Mario & Sonic series: 22.28 million[n 16]
- Mario Strikers Charged: 1.77 million
- Mario Hoops 3-on-3: 1.3 million
- Mario Super Sluggers: 1.26 million
- Super Mario Strikers: 1.2 million
- Japan sales:
- "Japan sales of Mario sports games (based on Famitsu data)". Garaph. 2012-02-20. Retrieved 16 March 2012.:
- United States sales:
- Mario Golf: Toadstool Tour: 1.03 million
- "US Top 10 Best Selling Console Games in 2000". The Magic Box. 2000. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
- Mario Tennis 64: 503,200
- Mario RPG series:
- Worldwide sales:
- Japan sales:
- United States sales:
- Other Mario games:
- Donkey Kong - 7 million
- Mario puzzle games: 3.913 million in Japan
- Mario vs. Donkey Kong series: 1.91 million
- Mario Bros.: 1.72 million in Japan
- Other Mario games in Japan:
- Over 300 million units up until March 2017. Pokémon Ultra Sun & Ultra Moon (November 2017 release) sold 7.51 million units as of March 2018.
- Wii Series:
- The Sonic franchise had sold approximately 80 million units as of June 2011. In addition, Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games sold 3.28 million copies and Sonic Generations sold 1.85 million units as of March 2012, Sonic & All-Stars Racing Transformed sold 1.36 million units as of March 2013, Sonic Lost World sold 710,000 units as of March 2014, and Sonic Boom: Rise of Lyric & Shattered Crystal sold 620,000 units as of March 2015. Sonic Mania sold over 1 million units as of March 2018.
- The Legend of Zelda series:
- 62 million series sales as of April 2011
- Sales after April 2011: 25.79 million
- The Legend of Zelda: Skyward Sword - 3.52 million
- The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time 3D - 3.35 million
- The Legend of Zelda: A Link Between Worlds - 2.51 million
- The Legend of Zelda: Wind Waker HD - 2.26 million
- Hyrule Warriors - 1 million
- The Legend of Zelda: Majora's Mask 3D - 2.03 million
- The Legend of Zelda: Tri Force Heroes - 1.14 million
- The Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild - 9.98 million
- Donkey Kong series:
- Tekken series:
- Pac-Man series:
- Atari 2600 version: 7 million cartridges (Buchanan, Levi (August 26, 2008). "Top 10 Best-Selling Atari 2600 Games". IGN. Retrieved July 15, 2009.)
- Coleco Mini-Arcade version: 1.5 million tabletop units ("Coleco Mini-Arcades Go Gold" (PDF). Arcade Express. 1 (1): 4. August 15, 1982. Retrieved 3 February 2012.)
- Sega Genesis / Mega Drive version of Ms. Pac-Man: 1 million cartridges (Cifaldi, Frank. "Retronauts Episode 91: A Tengen Family Reunion". Frank Cifaldi talks to rebellious NES game developers Franz Lanzinger (Toobin', Ms. Pac-Man), Steve Woita (Super Sprint, Police Academy) and Mark Morris (Hard Drivin', 007: License to Kill) about the old days. 1up.com. Retrieved 2010-09-27.)
- United States sales:
- BREW mobile versions: 30 million downloads in the US ("Namco Networks' Pac-Man Franchise Surpasses 30 Million Paid Transactions in the United States on Brew". AllBusiness.com. 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2012.)
- "Famicom Mini: Pac-Man (Japan sales)". Garaph (based on Famitsu data). 2005-07-28. Retrieved 17 March 2012.:
- Famicom Mini: Pac-Man (GBA) - 118,679
- "Namco (Japan sales, 2000-2006)". Garaph (based on Famitsu data). 2005-07-28. Retrieved 17 March 2012.:
- Medal of Honor series:
- Super Smash Bros. series:
- Super Smash Bros.: 5.55 million worldwide, 2.93 million in the US, and 1.97 million in Japan.
- Super Smash Bros. Melee: 7.41 million
- Super Smash Bros. Brawl: 13.1 million
- Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS and Wii U: 12.92 million combined, 8.12 million for 3DS, 4.8 million for Wii U
- Star Wars franchise - 38 million
- Lego Star Wars series - 20 million
- Star Wars: Battlefront series - 10 million
- Star Wars: The Force Unleashed - 7 million (Magrino, Tom (2010-02-19). "Force Unleashed sells 7 million, Hoth DLC arrives". GameSpot. Retrieved 2010-02-19.)
- Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic - 1 million (Patrick Kevin Day and Geoff Boucher. "Star Wars' expanded universe". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2008-05-07.)
- Mario & Sonic series:
- Series sales as of April 2011: 19 million ("London's Calling Mario & Sonic" (Press release). Sega/Nintendo. 2011-04-21. Retrieved 2011-04-21.)
- Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games as of March 2012: 3.28 million
- 2.4 million of Wii version in US & Europe as of February 3, 2012 (Rose, Mike (February 3, 2012). "Sega Sammy profits hit by weak game sales". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2012-03-16.)
- 265,932 in Japan as of March 19, 2012 ("Japan sales of Mario sports games (based on Famitsu data)". Garaph. 2012-03-19. Retrieved 10 April 2012.)
- Gundam series:
- Bemani franchise sales:
- Dance Dance Revolution sales as of June 2009: 11 million
- Bemani franchise sales from July 2009 to March 2011: 3.61 million
- Bemani franchise sales from April 2009 to June 2009: 0.16 million ("FY 2010 1st Quarter Financial Results: April 1 - June 30, 2009" (PDF). Konami. August 6, 2009. p. 6. Retrieved 2012-04-20.[permanent dead link])
- Bemani franchise sales from April 2009 to March 2011: 3.77 million
- Bemani franchise sales from April 2011 to March 2012: 1.2 million
- Total Bemani franchise sales as of March 2012: 11 million + 3.61 million + 1.2 million = 15.81 million
- Franchise sales from April 2012 to June 2012: 0.03 million
- Total Bemani franchise sales as of June 2012: 15.81 million + 0.03 million = 15.84 million
- Professor Layton series:
- Pokémon Mystery Dungeon series:
- Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Blue Rescue Team and Red Rescue Team: 5.28 million
- Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Explorers of Time, Explorers of Darkness and Explorers of Sky: 5.90 million
- Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Gates to Infinity: 672,000
- Pokémon Super Mystery Dungeon: 1.22 million by March 2016
- Total: 5.28 million + 5.90 million + 0.67 million + 1.22 million = 13.07 million
- Dead or Alive series:
- Series sales as of June 2007: 7.5 million
- Dead or Alive 4 Platinum Hits as of December 2007: 80,000 ("Financial Statements Outline and Business Plan for the Current Period: Dec. 2007 Period" (PDF). Tecmo. February 21, 2008. p. 5. Retrieved 2012-04-22.)
- Dead or Alive: Dimensions as of September 2011: 310,000 (Gantayat, Anoop (2011-11-11). "Tecmo Koei Outlines Plans for 2012 and Beyond". Andriasang. Retrieved 22 April 2012.)
- Dead or Alive 5 http://nichegamer.com/2015/06/28/dead-or-alive-5-sells-1-5-million-worldwide-f2p-downloads-over-3-5-million/
- Japan sales:
- Ninja Gaiden series:
- Just Cause series:
- "Bring along your amiibo as your party plus-one from 20th March in Mario Party 10". Nintendo. 2015-02-19. Retrieved 2015-02-20.
- "Financial Results Briefing for the Fiscal Year Ended March 2010: Supplementary Information" (PDF). Nintendo. 2010-05-07. p. 6. Retrieved 2010-05-07.
- "Financial Results Briefing for the Fiscal Year Ended March 2008: Supplementary Information" (PDF). Nintendo. March 2008. p. 5. Retrieved 2012-03-16.
- "IR Information : Sales Data - Top Selling Software Sales Units - Nintendo 3DS Software".
- Matt Casamassina (2007-07-25). "Nintendo Sales Update". IGN. Retrieved 2007-07-25.
- "Japan Sales". Nintendojo. 2006-09-26. Archived from the original on July 30, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-09. (http%3A%2F%2Fweb.archive.org%2Fweb%2F20080730022258%2Fhttp%3A%2F%2Fwww.nintendojofr.com%2Fredaction%2Feditoriaux%2F%3Fid%3DaVAd Translation])
- "US Platinum Videogame Chart (Games sold over Million Copies since 1995)". The Magic Box. Dec 27, 2007. Archived from the original on 21 April 2007. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
- Sheff, David (1999). Game Over: Press Start to Continue: The Maturing of Mario. Wilton, Connecticut: GamePress. p. 121.
"And we received from Coleco an agreement that they would pay us three percent of the net sales price [of all the "Donkey Kong" cartridges Coleco sold]." It turned out to be an impressive number of cartridges, 6 million, which translated into $4.6 million.
- "Japan sales of Mario (based on Famitsu data)". Garaph. 2012-02-20. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
- "Italian plumber more memorable than Harper, Dion" (Press release). Nintendo. 2007-11-13. Archived from the original on 2010-04-04. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "Super Mario Maker has sold 1 Million units around the world" (Press release). Nintendo. September 30, 2015. Retrieved 2016-01-15.
- "Nintendo Co., Ltd. Earning Release for Fiscal Year Ended March 2016 Supplementary Information" (PDF). Nintendo. Nintendo Co., Ltd. April 28, 2016. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
- September 2015
- "Earnings Release for Fiscal Year Ended March 2017" (PDF). Nintendo. April 27, 2017.
- "Earnings Release for Fiscal Year Ended March 2017" (PDF). Nintendo. April 26, 2018.
- "Pokémon in Figures". The Pokémon Company. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
- McWhertor, Michael (14 January 2016). "Call of Duty surpasses 250 million games sold worldwide". Polygon. Vox Media. Retrieved 14 January 2016.
- Lowe, Scott (26 March 2015). "Call of Duty Infographic: Over 300 Billion Grenades Thrown". Activision. Archived from the original on 27 March 2015. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- RUPPERT, LIANA (January 1, 2018). "Call Of Duty: WWII Hits Over 12 Million Players On PS4, Almost 825K On Steam, 20.7 Million on all Platforms". "comicbook.com". Retrieved January 5, 2018.
- Cragg, Oliver (November 3, 2016). "Grand Theft Auto life-time sales hit 250 million, GTA 5 and GTA Online ships 70 million units". International Business Times UK. Retrieved February 9, 2017.
- "Nintendo Top Selling Software Sales Units: Wii". Nintendo. 2012-03-31. Retrieved 2016-05-12.
- "Financial Results Briefing for the Fiscal Year Ended March 2009: Supplementary Information" (PDF). Financial Results Briefing for the 69th Fiscal Term Ended March 2009. Nintendo. 2009-05-08. p. 6. Retrieved 2009-05-08.
- "IR Information : Sales Data - Top Selling Software Sales Units - Wii U Software".
- "Financial Results Briefing for the Fiscal Year Ended March 2012" (PDF). Nintendo. 2012-04-27. p. 6. Retrieved 2012-05-14.
- "2016 World Video Game Hall of Fame Inductees Announced". museumofplay.org. May 5, 2016. Retrieved February 3, 2017.
- Gera, Emily (May 21, 2014). "This is how Tetris wants you to celebrate for its 30th anniversary". Polygon. Vox Media. Retrieved August 23, 2017.
- Takahashi, Dean (2014-04-07). "'Mr. Tetris' explains why the puzzle game is still popular after three decades (interview)". VentureBeat. Retrieved 2016-05-12.
- "FIFA 17: How you could become a Guinness World Records title holder". Guinness World Records. May 31, 2018.
- "EA Signs Multi-Year Agreement With X-Games Medalist and Internet Phenom Ken Block for Need for Speed". Electronic Arts. 2013-10-24. Retrieved 2014-02-28.
- Hassler, Chelsea (2018-01-20). "Minecraft Boss Helen Chiang on Her New Role, Breaking Records, and What's in Store For 2018". PopSugar. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
- "2017 Annual Report" (PDF). Square Enix. p. 17. Retrieved May 3, 2018.
Total of over 135 million package shipments and digital sales worldwide
(As of June 30, 2017)
- Futter, Mike (2 June 2014). "Mario Kart 8 Speeds To Over 1.2 Million Sales In Opening Weekend". Game Informer. GameStop. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- "Lego games sales have made $2bn for Warner Brothers" (Press release). PCGamesN. 2014-10-15. Retrieved 2014-10-16.
- Gaudiosi, John (5 September 2013). "Madden: The $4 billion video game franchise".
- Reparaz, Mikel (September 13, 2016). "Assassin's Creed The Ezio Collection Announced for PS4, XBOX ONE". Ubisoft Blog. Retrieved March 22, 2017.
- Michael, Elvis. "Konami Celebrates 100 Million Pro Evolution Soccer Sales with New Competition and Game Updates". PlayStation Lifestyle. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- Smith, Jamin (2011-06-23). "Sonic the Hedgehog celebrates his 20th birthday". VideoGamer.com. Retrieved 2016-09-08.
- "Appendix of Consolidated Financial Statements Year Ended March 31, 2012" (PDF). Sega Sammy Holdings. 2012-05-11. p. 6. Retrieved 2016-09-08.
- "FY Ended March 2013 Full Year Results Presentation" (PDF). Sega Sammy Holdings. 2013-05-13. p. 21. Retrieved 2016-09-08.
- "FY Ended March 2014 Full Year Results Presentation" (PDF). Sega Sammy Holdings. 2014-05-12. p. 21. Retrieved 2016-09-08.
- "Appendix of Consolidated Financial Statements Year Ended March 31, 2015" (PDF). Sega Sammy Holdings. 2015-05-11. p. 6. Retrieved 2016-09-08.
- Sato. "Sonic Mania Reaches 1 Million In Worldwide Sales". Sliconera. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- "'The Legend of Zelda' launches today; check out our review". USA Today. November 20, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-16.
- Whitehead, Thomas (January 27, 2015). "Koei Tecmo Releases Awesome Hyrule Warriors Wallpapers to Celebrate One Million Units Shipped". Nintendo Life. Archived from the original on January 27, 2015. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
- "Game Series Sales". Capcom. 2018-03-31. Retrieved 2018-06-09.
- "Facts & Figures". Ubisoft. 2014. Archived from the original on July 21, 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-21.
- Matt Martin (2008-05-28). "Tom Clancy series tops 55 million units sold". GamesIndustry.biz. Retrieved 2008-11-28.
- "Products". Polyphony Digital.
- About Square Enix, Inc. Gamasutra
- "RISE OF THE TOMB RAIDER "BLOOD TIES" CHAPTER NOW AVAILABLE FOR SteamVR". gamasutra.com.
- "Halo: Xbox is Coming to San Diego Comic-Con 2015". Xbox Wire. Microsoft. July 2, 2015. Retrieved July 2, 2015.
- "Halo 5 Sold Five Million Copies in Three Months". Gamingbolt. Retrieved 2016-06-17.
- Remo, Chris (2011-11-01). "Battlefield 3 'sets sales record' for Electronic Arts". BBC. Retrieved 2012-04-24.
- "Battlefield 3 'sets sales record' for Electronic Arts". Electronic Arts. November 1, 2011. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- Battlefield 3 Sales Reach 8 Million, gameinformer, November 29, 2011, retrieved December 3, 2011
- Lussenhop, Jessica (2011-01-19). "Oregon Trail: How three Minnesotans forged its path". City Pages. Archived from the original on 2011-01-23. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
- "Square Enix Kicks Off Final Fantasy 30th Anniversary Celebration". Square Enix. January 31, 2017. Archived from the original on February 1, 2017. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
- "RISE OF THE TOMB RAIDER "BLOOD TIES" CHAPTER NOW AVAILABLE FOR SteamVR". gamasutra.com.
- "Consumer Products" (Press release). WWE. 2013-10-09. Archived from the original on 2014-10-06. Retrieved 2013-10-09.
- "Franchise sales figures". Nintendo. March 2008. Archived from the original on 2006-09-07. Retrieved 2009-06-14.
- "Supplementary Information about Earnings Release" (PDF). Nintendo. 2011-04-26. p. 10. Retrieved 2011-04-26.
- "Nintendo's Wii U and 3DS see strong February sales over last year".
- "The Rise of Naughty Dog - Part 1".
- "Jason Rubin". Gamers at Work: 297–313. doi:10.1007/978-1-4302-3352-7_16.
- "Chapter 16: Jason Rubin: Cofounder, Naughty Dog [Book]".
- "The History of Naughty Dog: The Days of Crash - Home Xbox One". 4 October 2013.
- The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind - 4 million sold ("Lynda Carter Joins the Voice Cast of The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion". Bethesda Softworks. 2005-08-17. Archived from the original on 2010-07-10. Retrieved 2006-11-26.)
- The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion - 9.5 million sold Kollar, Philip (November 10, 2015). "Fallout 4 could be a bigger hit than Skyrim". Polygon. Vox Media. Archived from the original on November 13, 2015. Retrieved November 13, 2015.
- The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim - 30 million sold "'Skyrim' Creator Todd Howard Talks Switch, VR and Elder Scrolls Wait".
- The Elder Scrolls Online - 8.5 million sold Royce, Brianna (February 13, 2017). "Elder Scrolls Online now boasts 8.5M players". Massively Overpowered. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
- Leigh Alexander (2010-02-10). "Bejeweled Sales Hit 50 Million". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2010-02-21.
- "Profits up at Konami as lifetime Metal Gear sales hit 49.2 million". Gamasutra. 2016-08-01. Retrieved 2016-08-03.
- "Namco Bandai Games Announces Tekken Blood Vengeance™ In 3D". Namco Bandai Games. May 11, 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
- David M. Ewalt (2006-08-02). "The Best-Selling Videogame Franchises". Forbes. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Uncharted Franchise Sales At 28 Million Worldwide (Before Uncharted 4 Launch)". 12 May 2016.
- "Uncharted 4 Sold Through 8.7 Million Copies in 2016". Retrieved 21 December 2016.
- Barker, Sammy (December 9, 2017). "PSX 2017: Uncharted Series Lifetime Sales Top 41.7 Million Units". Push Square. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
- "Uncharted 10th Anniversary Cast Panel - PSX 2017". YouTube.com. PlayStation. December 10, 2017. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
- Ciara O'Brien (2009-10-16). "Music rocks gamers". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2009-10-17.
- Chris Irvine (2009-07-08). "Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince: one of the most successful franchises of all time". London: The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2009-08-02.
- Chan, Stephanie (May 23, 2017). "Civ VI was a large contributor to Take-Two's net revenue growth". Venture Beat. Retrieved May 23, 2017.
- "EA Ships Medal Of Honor Airborne For The PlayStation 3 To Store Shelves Nationwide" (Press release). Electronic Arts. 2007-11-20. Archived from the original on 2011-07-10. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Electronic Arts Reports Q3 FY11 Financial Results". EA.com. Electronics Arts. 1 February 2011. Archived from the original on 8 February 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
- "Medal of Honor, Hot Pursuit ship 5 million". GameSpot. 1 February 2011. Archived from the original on 2 March 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2011.
- Analyst: Medal of Honor: Warfighter shipped 3 million copies by Eddie Makuch on January 7, 2013
- "Nintendo software and hardware sales data from 1983 to present". NeoGAF. Retrieved 2015-02-01.
- "Japan Platinum Game Chart". The Magic Box. Retrieved 15 March 2012.
- "At Long Last, Nintendo Proclaims: Let the Brawls Begin on Wii! - Nintendo Official Site". Nintendo.com. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
- "IR Information : Sales Data - Top Selling Software Sales Units - Wii Software".
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-10-28. Retrieved 2015-10-29.>
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-06-29. Retrieved 2016-06-05.>
- "LEGO Group Celebrates 10 Years of the Force". Lego Group. 2009-02-13. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Star Wars Battlefront: Renegade Squadron sends PSP system owners to the front" (Press release). LucasArts. 2007-05-10. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- Brendan Sinclair (2009-05-31). "Starcraft II by end of 2009, Call of Duty expanding to new genres". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 2009-06-02. Retrieved 2009-06-14.
- "Kirby's Dream Collection: Special Edition Celebrates Two Decades of Pink and Powerful Fun" (Press release). Nintendo. 2012-09-17. Retrieved 2013-05-17.
- "Nintendo software and hardware sales data from 1983 to present".
- "Financial Results Briefing for the Fiscal Year Ended March 31, 2007: Supplementary Information" (PDF). Nintendo. March 31, 2007. p. 5. Retrieved 2012-03-16.
- "Nintendo 2006 Annual Report" (PDF). p. 8. Retrieved 2008-11-13.
- As Mortal Kombat X Arrives, Entire Franchise Reaches 35 Million Units Sold, GameSpot (April 14, 2015)
- "Dwight Howard Named Cover Athlete of EA SPORTS NBA LIVE 10". Electronic Arts. 2009-06-11. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "Top Selling Software Sales Units - Nintendo DS Software". Nintendo. March 31, 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-24.
- Harradence, Mike. "The Witcher series has sold over 33 million copies worldwide". VideoGamer.com. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
- "All time unit sales of selected games in Fallout franchise worldwide as of January 2017 (in millions)". Statista. January 2017. Retrieved 2017-06-12.
- "Bandai's History". Bandai. November 2004. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Gundam sales from 2004 to 2012". Famitsu sales data for Japan. Garaph. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
- Top-selling Gundam titles from 2004 to 2009:
- "2004 Top 100 Best Selling Japanese Console Games". The Magic Box. January 2, 2005. Retrieved 16 March 2012.: 924,004
- "2005 Top 100 Best Selling Japanese Console Games". The Magic Box. December 25, 2005. Retrieved 16 March 2012.: 1,215,564
- Mobile Suit Gundam: The One Year War - 436,411
- Gundam Seed: Rengou vs. Z.A.F.T. - 417,191
- Mobile Suit Gundam SEED Destiny: Generation of C.E. - 181,576
- MS Saga: A New Dawn - 180,386
- "Famitsu 2008 Top 100 Console Games (Japan)". The Magic Box. 2008. Retrieved 16 March 2012.: 1,267,602
- "Famitsu 2009 Top 100 Console Games (Japan)". The Magic Box. 2009. Retrieved 16 March 2012.: 1,062,149
- "MGM and EON Grant Activision Rights to James Bond Video Game License" (Press release). Activision. 2006-05-03. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- Edward Iwata (2008-03-09). "Executive Suite: Tony Hawk leaps to top of financial empire". USA Today. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "IR Information : Sales Data - Top Selling Software Sales Units - Nintendo DS Software".
- Matulef, Jeffrey (21 August 2015). "Grand Theft Auto series has shipped over 220m copies". Eurogamer. Gamer Network. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
- Gaudiosi, John. "Sony PlayStation Franchise Ratchet And Clank Goes Hollywood With 3D Feature Film".
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-04. Retrieved 2014-11-04.
- Eddie Makuch (12 August 2011). "Counter-Strike: Global Offensive firing up early 2012". GameSpot. CBS Interactive Inc. Retrieved 2014-08-18.
- Makuch, Eddie (2015-05-28). "BioShock Franchise Still "Really Important," Publisher Says". GameSpot. Retrieved 2015-05-28.
- "Activision and Marvel Entertainment Expand Alliance and Extend Interactive Rights for Spider-Man and X-Men Franchises; Deal Extends Relationship Through 2017" (Press release). Activision. 2005-11-11. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Tiger Woods PGA Tour 11 Announced, Ships in June" (Press release). Electronic Arts. 2010-01-21.[permanent dead link]
- Romano, Sal. "Persona series sales top 8.5 million, Megami Tensei series sales top 7.2 million". Gematsu. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
- "Businesses - SQUARE ENIX HOLDINGS CO., LTD". Square Enix. March 31, 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-15.
- "Appendix of Consolidated Financial Statements: Year Ended March 31, 2012" (PDF). Sega Sammy Holdings. May 11, 2012. p. 6. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
- Xbox Wire Staff (2014-01-27). "Microsoft Studios acquires rights to Gears of War franchise". Xbox Wire. Retrieved 2014-01-27.
- "KONAMI CORPORATION, Form 20-F, Filing Date Jul 22, 2005". secdatabase.com. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
- "God of War series has sold over 21 million copies • News • PlayStation 3 • Eurogamer.net". Eurogamer. 2012-06-05. Archived from the original on 2012-11-20. Retrieved 2012-06-05.
- "At PlayStation® Awards 2016, "JIKKYOU PAWAFURU PUROYAKYU 2016" Receives Gold Prize and "Winning Eleven 2016" Receives PlayStation™Network Award". Konami. 2016-12-13. Retrieved 2018-04-17. line feed character in
|title=at position 29 (help)
- CESA Games White Papers. Computer Entertainment Supplier's Association.
- Guinness World Records 2016: Gamer's Edition. Vancouver, British Columbia: Jim Pattison Group. September 10, 2015. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-9105610-8-9. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
- Mary Jane Irwin (2009-02-19). "The Death of Ensemble Studios". Edge. Retrieved 2009-03-21.[permanent dead link]
- Chris Marlowe (2006-08-04). "Project 51 to Explore Castlevania Storyline". GameDaily. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Konami's Frogger and Castlevania Nominated for Walk of Game Star" (Press release). Konami. 2005-10-11. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Manhattan Requiem for iPhone". CNET. Retrieved 6 February 2012.
- "Manhattan Requiem". iTunes Store. Retrieved 6 February 2012.
- Derek dela Fuente (2004-02-26). "Exclusive: David Jones Interview Feature". Total Video Games. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- JC Fletcher (2007-12-03). "Celebrating Simple series sales". DS Fanboy. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- Alexander, Leigh (2009-12-03). "SingStar Franchise Hits 20 Million Units". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2009-12-03.
- "Gamers Join SpongeBob in His Search for the World's Oldest Bubble in SpongeBob's Atlantis SquarePantis" (Press release). THQ. 2007-10-24. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Spyro the Dragon to Scorch Wendy's Restaurants This Fall" (Press release). Sierra Entertainment. 2007-10-12. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Sega has quietly become one of the world's best PC strategy game companies". Eurogamer. 2016-08-04. Retrieved 2016-08-04.
- "Introduction to Vivendi games" (PDF). Vivendi. June 2006. p. 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-05-24. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Take-Two Interactive Software's (TTWO) CEO Strauss Zelnick on Q4 2014 Results - Earnings Call Transcript". 2014-05-13. Retrieved 2014-05-14.
- "They're Back!! Playmates Toys Launches All-New Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Toys". PR Newswire. Cision. October 17, 2002. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- "Fatal Inertia Ex Available Now Exclusively on PlayStation Network" (Press release). Koei. 2008-06-20. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "EA and BP collaborate to include climate education in SimCity Societies" (Press release). Electronic Arts. 2007-10-10. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- Rebecca Strong (2015-03-05). "Rock Band 4 Could be the Franchise's Last $60 Title Release". BostInno. Retrieved 2016-01-04.
- Guinness World Records 2013: Gamer's Edition. Guinness World Records Ltd. 2012. p. 154. ISBN 9781904994954.
- "Zuma Web Connect Launches on PopCap" (Press release). PopCap Games. 2009-07-13. Retrieved 2009-12-27.
- 'Tales series:
- Series sales up until May 2011: 13 million units ("SONY COMPUTER ENTERTAINMENT JAPAN TO INTRODUCE PLAYSTATION®3 BUNDLE PACK FEATURING TALES OF XILIA®". Sony Computer Entertainment. 2011-05-28. Archived from the original on 2011-06-03. Retrieved 2011-06-10.)
- Tales of Xillia (released September 2011) sales up until March 2012: 770,000 units ("Home Video Game Software" (PDF). Financial Highlights for the Fiscal Year Ended March 2012. Namco Bandai Games. p. 3. Retrieved 20 May 2012.)
- Yip, Spencer (December 13, 2013). "Altogether, Namco Bandai Shipped Over 16 Million Tales Games". Siliconera. Retrieved August 1, 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-12-30. Retrieved 2011-02-04. Note: This is outdated and states that Forza has reached 10 million, however, this was taken back in February 2010. It was estimated to reach 16 million
- Bokitch, Chris (2006-07-14). "Valve Reveals New Details On Episode Two". Valve Corporation. Retrieved 2014-08-18.
- "The Ultimate NARUTO SHIPPUDEN: ULTIMATE NINJA STORM Videogame Collection". Bandai Namco Entertainment. April 10, 2017.
- "Super Robot Wars" series, cumulative shipments of 16 million this break. HD remake of the first installment sales start in the PS Store, 4gamer. (archive)
- "Naughty Dog - 30 Year Timeline". IGN. Ziff Davis. Archived from the original on 13 August 2015. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
- "Konami announces new versions of DanceDanceRevolution across multiple platforms including the franchise's debut on the PlayStation 3" (Press release). Konami. 2009-06-04. Archived from the original on 2009-06-07. Retrieved 2009-06-14.
- "FY 2011 Financial Results: Fiscal Year Ended March 31, 2011" (PDF). Konami. May 12, 2011. p. 6. Retrieved 2012-04-20.[permanent dead link]
- "FY2012 Financial Results: Fiscal Year Ended March 31, 2012" (PDF). Konami. May 10, 2012. p. 7. Retrieved 2012-05-17.
- "Backyard Football '09 Kicks Off to North American Retailers" (Press release). Atari. 2008-10-21. Archived from the original on 2013-02-01. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Activision Publishing Signs Exclusive Worldwide Distribution Deal with Mattel; Activision to Distribute All New Video Games Based on Successful Barbie(R) Entertainment" (Press release). Activision. 2006-05-23. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- Ellie Gibson (2008-04-07). "New Burnout Paradise DLC videos News". Eurogamer. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- Harradence, Michael (2011-06-23). "Inside PlayStation Network - Gex". PlayStation Universe. Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2015-08-12.
- "Square Enix 2015 Annual Report" (PDF). Square Enix. October 2015. Retrieved 2015-10-21.
- "Nintendo's Professor Layton sales top 11m". gamesindustry.biz. February 17, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- Gantayat, Anoop (2012). "2011 Game Sales Chart and Sales Trends". Andriasang. Archived from the original on January 18, 2012. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
- "GREE and Level-5 Announce a Comprehensive Global Partnership". Level-5. 2012-03-21. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
- PS4「エースコンバット 7」PSX出展用トレーラー [PS4 "Ace Combat 7" Trailer for PSX Exhibit] (Trailer) (in Japanese). Bandai Namco Entertainment. 9 December 2015. Archived from the original on 13 December 2015. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
- Souls series:
- "Atari Game Partners". StartEngine. January 2018. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
- Jon Jordan (2007-05-17). "The Euro Vision: 'Behind Worms' XBLA Success'". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- 7 million sold as of 6 March 2012: Williams, Andrew (6 March 2012). "Mass Effect 3 iPhone Tie-in Released". Trusted Reviews. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
- 3.5 million of Mass Effect 3 shipped as of 12 March 2012: "Mass Effect 3 breaks franchise records in new UK chart". Metro. 12 March 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2014.
- Sun, Leo. "What EA Must Do to Make 'Mass Effect 4' a Blockbuster -- The Motley Fool".
- "Guild Wars surpasses 6.5 million sales, sequel will be released 'when it's done'". GameDaily. 2010-08-31. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
- Stephany Nunneley (2013-08-28). "Guild Wars 2 turns one, has shifted 3.5 million copies". vg247.com. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- "Chinese publisher KongZhong released 2nd census two months post launch". 2014-07-04.
- Guild Wars:
- Soulcalibur series:
- Series sales up to January 27, 2012: 12 million ("...And Ezio sharpens Calibur's chances" (Press release) (in Japanese). MCV. 2012-01-27. Retrieved 2012-01-27.)
- Soulcalibur V sales from January 31, 2012 to June 30, 2012: 1.38 million ("Financial Highlights for the First Quarter of the Fiscal Year Ending March 2013 (April-June 2012)" (PDF). Namco Bandai Games. Namco Bandai Holdings. August 2, 2012. p. 3. Retrieved 2 September 2012.)
- "Nintendo Co. Ltd. Financial Results Briefing for the Fiscal Year Ended March 2009 Supplementary Information" (PDF). Nintendo. Retrieved 2017-12-03.
- Handrahan, Matthew (28 January 2013). "Pokemon tops 2012 software chart in Japan". GamesIndustry. Gamer Network. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- Makuch, Eddie (12 September 2013). "Pikmin 3 US sales reach 115,000 units". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- Thorsen, Tor (2010-09-15). "Saints Row, Warhammer 40K series sales top 6 million". GameSpot. Retrieved 2010-10-12.
- "Myst 3DS". MCV UK. Intent Media. 2012-10-24. Retrieved 2013-03-23.
- Sliwinski, Alexander (2011-06-09). "'Mama' franchise reaches 12 million sales worldwide, 8.5 million in NA". Joystiq. Retrieved 2011-06-09.
- "Sony Announces SOCOM 4". 1Up.com. 2010-03-04. Retrieved 2010-03-07.
- "BFI | Film & TV Database | VIDEO GAMES (1993)". Ftvdb.bfi.org.uk. 2009-04-16. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
- Equinox - Serious Fun (AKA 'Video Games') (1993) Channel 4.
- http://media.giantbomb.com/video/vf_tnt_081111_1500.mp4. Retrieved 2012-12-30. Missing or empty
- George Plamantouras. "Interview with Takahashi Meijin". Hudson Soft. Retrieved 2009-03-21.[dead link]
- "Bohemia Interactive celebrates 15 years of Arma | Blog | Bohemia Interactive". Bohemia Interactive. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- Mark Androvich (2008-04-23). "Gameloft's Asphalt series tops 10 million". GamesIndustry.biz. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Business Line". Hudson Soft. Archived from the original on 2008-02-26. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- Phillips, Tom (5 August 2016). "Buzz! developer Relentless shut down". Eurogamer. Gamer Network. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
- Asthana, Anushka (2007-09-17). "Colin McRae". London: The Times. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- Harvey Smith. "Day Two". Witchboy Goes to Honk Kong. GameSpy. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- Brad Kane (2004-03-24). "GDC 2004 Game Design Keynote: The Making of The Return of the King". Postcard From GDC 2004. Gamasutra. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Activision Swings into Action with "Pitfall: The Big Adventure" For Wii" (Press release). Activision. 2008-05-12. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Top Selling Software Sales Units". Nintendo. September 30, 2017. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
- Handrahan, Matthew. "Nintendo's revenue rockets as Switch nears 15m sold". gamesindustry.biz. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
- "TECMO Corporate Profile (as of June 2007)" (PDF). Tecmo. August 23, 2007. p. 12. Retrieved 2008-01-07.
- "Dead or Alive". Garaph. 2012-03-19. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- "Top Selling Software Sales Units". Nintendo. September 30, 2017. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
- "Art imitates life: EA introduces "Grudges and Alliances," where the competition reacts to hard- driving" (Press release). Electronic Arts. 2003-09-16. Archived from the original on 2011-07-10. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- Nunneley, S (2015-03-25). "PayDay 2 and PayDay: The Heist have sold over 9 million units combined". VG247. Retrieved 2015-03-27.
- Almir (2015-03-23). "Two More Years of PAYDAY 2!". Overkill Software. Retrieved 2015-03-27.
- Charles Purcell (2008-08-23). "Taking gamers beyond their doom". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Disney/Pixar Cars Video Game from THQ Crosses the Finish Line to Prestigious Sales Milestones" (Press release). THQ. 2007-05-21. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- Eric A. Taub (2004-09-20). "In Video Games, Sequels Are Winners". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Blue Fang Games Launches Its First iPhone Game" (Press release). Blue Fang Games. 2009-08-10. Archived from the original on 2010-11-03. Retrieved 2009-08-17.
- "Financial Statements Summary for Fiscal Year Ended December 2008" (PDF). Tecmo. February 16, 2009. p. 4. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- "Hot Shots Golf Fore! delivers fun, realistic and versatile upbeat golf gameplay for PlayStation 2" (Press release). 2004-05-10. Archived from the original on 2008-02-25. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- Sacco, Dominic (2011-09-09). "Now FIFA takes aim at Football Manager" (Press release). MCV UK. Retrieved 2011-09-09.
- "Moto Racer DS" (Press release). Nobilis Publishing. 2008-05-23. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- Matulef, Jeffrey (18 March 2014). "New 'n' Tasty needs to sell 500K to fund an original new Oddworld game". Eurogamer. Gamer Network. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- Rob Crossley (2009-07-20). "$40m at stake on Blur's sales performance". Retrieved 2009-07-27.
- "SCi Entertainment Group Plc Annual Report 2007" (PDF). SCI Entertainment Group. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-08-05. Retrieved 2012-10-31.
- Makuch, Eddie (2014-02-13). "Some Just Cause 2 users have played for more than 500 hours". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on 2015-02-21. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- "Midway announces Unreal Anthology coming Fall 2006" (Press release). Midway. 2006-06-15. Archived from the original on November 16, 2008. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- Conditt, Jessica (October 16, 2014). "Trine series tops 7 million sales, shares its level editor". Joystiq. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- "Enroll in an academy of intrigue as Her Interactive releases 'Nancy Drew: Warnings at Waverly Academy'" (Press release). Her Interactive. 2009-10-13. Retrieved 2009-10-17.[permanent dead link]
- "THQ Announces ``Rugrats: All Growed Up for PC and ``Rugrats: Castle Capers for Game Boy Advance". Business Wire. Berkshire Hathaway. July 19, 2001. Archived from the original on August 6, 2001. Retrieved February 23, 2017 – via Yahoo.com.
- Ellie Gibson (2008-05-06). "PS3 has outsold Xbox 360 in Europe". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on November 16, 2008. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "THQ INC, Form 8-K, Current Report, Filing Date May 6, 2008". secdatabase.com. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
- "This Week In Sales: Tomodachi Collection Sees Big Launch Sales". 24 April 2013.
- "Excitebike 64 devs on the game's development – origins, Miyamoto feedback, more". NintendoEverything. 2015-11-28. Retrieved 2016-05-24.
- "3DO Ships Army Men:Operation Green and Army Men: World War-Team Assault". Business Wire. Berkshire Hathaway. December 3, 2001. Archived from the original on January 24, 2002. Retrieved May 23, 2017 – via Yahoo.com.
- "Consolidated revenue of 91.2 million euros for first half of fiscal 2007–2008 (unaudited preliminary results)" (Microsoft Word). Infogrames. 2007-11-09. Retrieved 2008-01-06.[permanent dead link]
- Rebecca L. Eisenberg (1998-02-13). "Girl Games: Adventures in Lip Gloss". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2008-01-09.
- "Brand Portfolio". SCi. Archived from the original on 2008-01-22. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Football Manager Training". Archived from the original on 2010-08-27.
- "Acclaim Sports to Take Gamers to the Hole With 'NBA JAM 2004' for All Next-Generation Gaming Systems". Acclaim Entertainment. 2002-05-22. Archived from the original on 2002-06-02. Retrieved 2008-03-15.
- "Koei begins it's i-Mode version of "Romance of the Three Kingdoms" in Japan and Taiwan in July" (PDF). 2002-06-17. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 4, 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
- "ATARI INC, Form 10-K/A, Filing Date Mar 7, 2006". secdatabase.com. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
- "First Child Born On 9–1–02 and Named 'Turok' For One Year Will Win Savings Bonds Towards College Tuition". Acclaim Entertainment. 2002-08-27. Archived from the original on 2004-06-10. Retrieved 2008-03-15.
- "Recommendation of the Board of Directors to Reject Electronic Arts Inc.'s Tender Offer". Take-Two Interactive Software, Inc. 2008-03-26. pp. 9, 12, 14–16, 18. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Sega captures dollar share of videogame market -- again; diverse product strategy yields market growth; Sega charts path for 1996". Business Wire. 1996-01-10. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
In addition, Sega's exclusive software "Virtua Fighter 2(TM)" sold more than 1.5 million units, bringing to 3 million the total number sold in Japan of the "Virtua Fighter" series (including: "Virtua Fighter," "Virtua Fighter Remix," and "Virtua Fighter 2") ... [In the U.S.] Sega sold more than 200,000 copies of "Virtua Fighter 2" in December, even though the title didn't reach retail until mid-December and was in limited distribution.
- At least 500,000 copies of Virtua Fighter 2 were given away as part of Sega's "Three Free" promotion in the U.S. See "Sega tops holiday, yearly sales projections; Sega Saturn installed base reaches 1.6 million in U.S., 7 million worldwide." Business Wire. 1997-01-13. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
- Final sales of Virtua Fighter 2 in Japan are estimated at 1.7 million units. See "Japan Platinum Game Chart". The Magic Box. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
- Gantayat, Anoop (2002-06-11). "Hands on: Virtua Fighter 4: Evolution". IGN. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
The original VF4 has sold upwards of 1.5 million copies to date.
- Billy Berghammer (2007-04-11). "Ubisoft Acquires RTS Developer SunFlowers". Game Informer. Archived from the original on 2007-05-28. Retrieved 2008-01-08.
- "Atari to announce Asterix XXL for PlayStation 2 and Nintendo GameCube" (Press release). Infogrames. 2003-06-24. Retrieved 2008-01-06.[permanent dead link]
- "Jade Empire Interview". XboxGamers. 2005-05-02. Archived from the original on 2007-10-23. Retrieved 2008-06-05.
- Trey Walker (2002-07-12). "Chessmaster 9000 announced". GameSpot. Retrieved 2008-01-09.
- "Stronghold Kingdoms" (Press release). Firefly Studios. 2009-05-28. Retrieved 2009-06-15.
- "Reviews: TOCA Race Driver 2: The." 1Up.com. 2004-06-08. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
- Shahed Ahmed (2000-10-31). "TM: Black Date Set". GameSpot. Retrieved 2008-01-01.
- "V-Rally 3 (PC)". GameSpy. Retrieved 2008-01-06.