List of bids for the Winter Olympics
The Winter Olympics are a multi-sport event in winter sports organized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) every four years. Selection of the host city is done at an IOC Session four to seven years prior to the tournament, in which the IOC members vote between candidate cities which have submitted bids. As of the selection of the 2018 Olympics, 23 games have been held in 20 cities in 11 countries. Bids have been made by 56 cities in 23 countries.
The bid process consists of two rounds. First, cities and national Olympic committees (NOCs) may show their interest and submit a preliminary bid, becoming applicant cities. Through analysis of the questionnaires, the IOC gave a weighted-average score to each city based on the scores obtained in each of the questionnaire's eleven themes: political and social support, general infrastructure, sports venues, Olympic Village, environment, accommodation, transport, security, past experience, finance, and legacy. IOC's Executive Committee then selects a short-list of candidate cities. The candidate cities are investigated by the IOC Evaluation Committee, who make an evaluation report. These submit a more extensive bid book and are subject to additional evaluation, which is presented to the IOC members. Voting occurs as an exhaustive ballot, which may occur through multiple rounds until a single city holds a majority of the votes. IOC members from a candidate NOC may not vote in any round while their country remains in the election.
The first games were not subject to bids and awarded to Chamonix as part of Paris' bid for the 1924 Summer Olympics. Originally the host country of the Summer Olympics had the right to host the Winter Olympics as well, if they could provide a suitable host. The 1940 Olympics were originally awarded to Sapporo, but it and the 1944 Winter Olympics were ultimately canceled due to the Second World War. The 1976 Olympics were awarded to Denver, but in a 1972 referendum, voters rejected the games, and for the only time a city awarded the Games rejected them. IOC then offered them to Whistler, but a change of government meant they were no longer interested. Salt Lake City offered to host the games, but IOC finally chose Innsbruck instead. From 1994, Winter Olympics were held between Summer Olympic years.Starting with the 2004 Olympics, only the highest-rated cities are short-listed for the final IOC vote.
Innsbruck, Lake Placid and St. Moritz are the only cities to have hosted two games. Albertville, Grenoble, Nagano and Turin have never lost a bid. With six, Lake Placid has the most bids, followed by Cortina d'Ampezzo with five. Montreal and Jaca have both made four bids without any being successful. Helsinki, Minneapolis, Montreal and Munich have bid for both Summer and Winter Olympics; all but Minneapolis have succeeded at winning Summer bids, but none have held Winter Olympics. Both Canada and the United States have bid twelve times, with the US being awarded five (including Denver) and Canada two games. Other counties to hold multiple games are three in France and two each in Austria, Italy, Japan, Norway and Switzerland. Of unsuccessful countries, Sweden has six consecutive and Finland five bids.
The following is a list of bids for the Winter Olympics, sorted by year. It consists of the year the games were held or scheduled to be held, the date the decision was made, the city and country which issued the bid, the votes at the IOC Session for each voting round, and the ultimate host of the games. The bid listed first for each games is the one selected by the IOC, whether or not it ultimately hosted the games.
|City||Country||Round 1||Round 2||Round 3||Round 4||Round 5||Round 6|
|1928||—||St. Moritz||Switzerland||—||—||—||—||—||—||St. Moritz|
|1932||4 October 1929||Lake Placid||United States||—||—||—||—||—||—||Lake Placid|
|Bear Mountain||United States|
|Lake Tahoe||United States|
|Yosemite Valley||United States|
|1940||31 August 1936||Sapporo||Japan||—||—||—||—||—||—||Cancelled|
|1944||—||Cortina d'Ampezzo||Italy||16||—||—||—||—||—||Cortina d'Ampezzo (cancelled)|
|1948||—||St. Moritz||Switzerland||—||—||—||—||—||—||St. Mortiz|
|Lake Placid||United States|
|1952||21 June 1947||Oslo||Norway||16||—||—||—||—||—||Oslo|
|Lake Placid||United States||2|
|1956||28 April 1949||Cortina d'Ampezzo||Italy||31||—||—||—||—||—||Cortina d'Ampezzo|
|Colorado Springs||United States||2|
|Lake Placid||United States||1|
|1960||16 June 1955||Squaw Valley||United States||30||32||—||—||—||—||Squaw Valley|
|1964||26 May 1959||Innsbruck||Austria||49||—||—||—||—||—||Innsbruck|
|1968||28 January 1964||Grenoble||France||15||18||27||—||—||—||Grenoble|
|Lake Placid||United States||3||—||—|
|1972||25 April 1966||Sapporo||Japan||32||—||—||—||—||—||Sapporo|
|Salt Lake City||United States||7|
|1976||12 May 1970||Denver||United States||29||29||39||—||—||—||Innsbruck|
|1980||13 October 1974||Lake Placid||United States||—||—||—||—||—||—||Lake Placid|
|1984||18 May 1978||Sarajevo||Yugoslavia||31||39||—||—||—||—||Sarajevo|
|1988||30 September 1981||Calgary||Canada||35||48||—||—||—||—||Calgary|
|1992||16 October 1986||Albertville||France||19||26||29||42||—||51||Albertville|
|1994||15 September 1988||Lillehammer||Norway||25||30||45||—||—||—||Lillehammer|
|1998||15 June 1991||Nagano||Japan||21||—||30||36||46||—||Nagano|
|Salt Lake City||United States||15||59||27||29||42|
|2002||16 June 1995||Salt Lake City||United States||54||—||—||—||—||—||Salt Lake City|
|2006||19 June 1999||Turin||Italy||53||—||—||—||—||—||Turin|
|2010||2 July 2003||Vancouver||Canada||40||56||—||—||—||—||Vancouver|
|Andorra la Vella||Andorra||—||—|
|Sarajevo||Bosnia and Herzegovina||—||—|
|2014||4 July 2007||Sochi||Russia||34||51||—||—||—||—||Sochi|
|2018||6 July 2011||Pyeongchang||South Korea||63||—||—||—||—||—||Pyeongchang|
The following is a list of bids submitted by city. It lists the national Olympic committee, the city, and the games for which failed and successful bid were submitted. A parenthesis indicates that the city was awarded the games without a bidding process. A dagger () indicates that the city was awarded the games, but that they were ultimately not held in the city, either because the games were canceled or moved. An asterix (*) indicates that the bid was not shortlisted.
The following is a list of bids submitted by national Olympic committee, listing the country and years it bid. Only countries which submitted bids with multiple cities are included. Successful bids are in boldface. A parenthesis indicates that the city was awarded the games without a bidding process. A dagger () indicates that the city was awarded the games, but that they were ultimately not held in the city, either because the games were canceled or moved.
|Austria||1960, 1964, (1976), 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014|
|Canada||1932, 1936, 1944, 1956, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1988, 2002, 2010|
|Finland||1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 2006|
|France||(1924), 1968, 1992, 2018|
|Germany||1936, 1960, 1992, 2018|
|Italy||1952, 1956, 1988, 1992, 1998, 2006|
|Japan||1968, 1972, 1984, 1998|
|Norway||1932, 1944, 1952, 1968, 1992, 1994|
|Sweden||1984, 1988, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2002|
|Switzerland||1928, 1936, 1948, 1960, 1976, 2002, 2006, 2010|
|United States||1932, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2002|