List of biodiversity databases
This is a list of biodiversity databases. Biodiversity databases store taxonomic information which provide information on the biodiversity of a particular area or group of living organisms. They may store specimen-level information, species-level information, information on nomenclature, or any combination of the above. Most are available online.
Specimen-focused databases contain data about individual specimens, as represented by vouchered museum specimens, collections of specimen photographs, data on field-based specimen observations and morphological or genetic data. Species-focused databases contain information summarised at the species-level. Some species-focused databases attempt to compile comprehensive data about particular species (FishBase), while others focus on particular species attributes, such as checklists of species in a given area (FEOW) or the conservation status of species (CITES or IUCN Red List). Nomenclators act as summaries of taxonomic revisions and set a key between specimen-focused and species-focused databases. They do this because taxonomic revisions use specimen data to determine species limits.
|All Catfish Species Inventory ||Catfish||information collated by genera, including estimated numbers of species, taxonomic experts|
|Arctos ||Specimen holdings of several natural history museums, agencies, and accessible private collections||Vertebrates, invertebrates, parasites, vascular and non-vascular plants, many with images and extensive usage data.|
|AntWeb ||Ants||Specimen information, collection details, photographs, higher taxonomy|
|ASEAN Biodiversity Information Sharing Service (BISS) ||Amphibians, birds, butterflies, dragonflies, edible plants, freshwater fishes, mammals, plants, reptiles and Malesian mosses of Southeast Asia||IUCN status, habitat, regional presence/absence, description, classification|
|CITES species database ||all species ever listed in CITES Appendices I, II or III||scientific names, higher taxonomy, distribution, photos and CITES quotas|
|FishBase ||Fish||higher taxonomy, common names, distribution, IUCN Redlist status|
|Freshwater Ecoregions of the World (FEOW) ||Freshwater ecoregions||Maps of species and endemic numbers.|
|HerpNET ||Amphibians and reptiles||amphibian/reptile distributions.|
|WBPBDIVDB||A Database of Plant Biodiversity of West Bengal||Richness of floral diversity of West Bengal from Terai, Duars, Darjeeling, the eastern Himalayan region and in the mangrove forests of Sundarbans.|
|Reptile Database||Reptiles||Taxonomic information, names, photos|
|iNaturalist||all forms of life||individual observations, location checklists, taxonomic information, range maps, and other information produced by citizen science participants and pulled from other databases|
|Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) ||Australian plants||Taxonomic information, collection details, photographs|
|iSpot||all forms of life large enough to photograph||geolocated individual observations and other information produced by citizen science participants|
|Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) ||all taxa of interest to North America, with other taxa included as available||taxonomic information, including higher taxonomy|
|Natural History Information System ||all forms of life, biotopes, rocks||faunistic and floristic records (citizen science and other sources), phenology, ecology, biotopes, taxonomy, paleontology, stratigraphy|
|NatureServe ||plants, animals, and ecosystems of the United States and Canada||an authoritative source for information on more than 70,000 plants, animals, and ecosystems of the United States and Canada. Explorer includes particularly in-depth coverage for rare and endangered species.|
|WikiSpecies ||All forms of life||Higher taxonomy, synonyms, vernacular names, references|
|A Pan-European Species-directories Infrastructure (PESI) ||European taxa||Authoritative taxonomic checklist of European species, including higher taxonomy, synonyms, vernacular names and European distribution|
|Naturdata ||Portuguese taxa||Checklist of Portuguese species including mainland and islands with a page for each species including taxonomy, synonyms, vernacular names, images, videos and Portuguese distribution|
|Georgia (country) biodiversity website ||Georgia Biodiversity Database||Checklists covering ca. 11,000 of plants and animals recorded for Georgia (Central and Western Caucasus)|
|ScaleNet ||Scale insects (superfamily Coccoidea)||Nomenclature, distribution, hosts, systematics, references|
|BacDive||Metadatabase that provides strain-linked information about bacterial and archaeal biodiversity.||Different kind of metadata like taxonomy, morphology, physiology, environment and molecular-biology.|
- Taxonomic database
- Biodiversity informatics
- Global biodiversity
- World Register of Marine Species
- "All Catfish Species Inventory". Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- "Arctos". Retrieved 2011-06-09.
- "AntWeb". Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- "ASEAN Biodiversity Information Sharing Service". Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- "CITES-listed species database". Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- "FishBase : A Global Information System on Fishes". Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- "Freshwater Ecoregions of the World". Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- "HerpNET". Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- "Integrated Biodiversity Information System". Retrieved 2015-0402. Check date values in:
- "Integrated Taxonomic Information System". Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- "Natural History Information System". Retrieved 2014-01-22.
- "NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life". Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- "Wikispecies, free species directory". Retrieved 2010-06-05.
- "A Pan-European Species-directories Infrastructure (PESI)". Retrieved 2011-01-03.
- "Naturdata - Biodiversidade online". Retrieved 2011-12-13.
- "Georgian Biodiversity Database".
- "ScaleNet: Scale insect web catalog".