List of biodiversity databases

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This is a list of biodiversity databases. Biodiversity databases store taxonomic information which provide information on the biodiversity of a particular area or group of living organisms. They may store specimen-level information, species-level information, information on nomenclature, or any combination of the above. Most are available online.

Specimen-focused databases contain data about individual specimens, as represented by vouchered museum specimens, collections of specimen photographs, data on field-based specimen observations and morphological or genetic data. Species-focused databases contain information summarised at the species-level. Some species-focused databases attempt to compile comprehensive data about particular species (FishBase), while others focus on particular species attributes, such as checklists of species in a given area (FEOW) or the conservation status of species (CITES or IUCN Red List). Nomenclators act as summaries of taxonomic revisions and set a key between specimen-focused and species-focused databases. They do this because taxonomic revisions use specimen data to determine species limits.

Name Focus Collection
All Catfish Species Inventory [1] Catfish information collated by genera, including estimated numbers of species, taxonomic experts
Arctos [2] Specimen holdings of several natural history museums, agencies, and accessible private collections Vertebrates, invertebrates, parasites, vascular and non-vascular plants, many with images and extensive usage data.
AntWeb [3] Ants Specimen information, collection details, photographs, higher taxonomy
ASEAN Biodiversity Information Sharing Service (BISS) [4] Amphibians, birds, butterflies, dragonflies, edible plants, freshwater fishes, mammals, plants, reptiles and Malesian mosses of Southeast Asia IUCN status, habitat, regional presence/absence, description, classification
CITES species database [5] all species ever listed in CITES Appendices I, II or III scientific names, higher taxonomy, distribution, photos and CITES quotas
FishBase [6] Fish higher taxonomy, common names, distribution, IUCN Redlist status
Freshwater Ecoregions of the World (FEOW) [7] Freshwater ecoregions Maps of species and endemic numbers.
HerpNET [8] Amphibians and reptiles amphibian/reptile distributions.
WBPBDIVDB A Database of Plant Biodiversity of West Bengal Richness of floral diversity of West Bengal from Terai, Duars, Darjeeling, the eastern Himalayan region and in the mangrove forests of Sundarbans.
Reptile Database Reptiles Taxonomic information, names, photos
iNaturalist all forms of life individual observations, location checklists, taxonomic information, range maps, and other information produced by citizen science participants and pulled from other databases
Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) [9] Australian plants Taxonomic information, collection details, photographs
iSpot all forms of life large enough to photograph geolocated individual observations and other information produced by citizen science participants
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) [10] all taxa of interest to North America, with other taxa included as available taxonomic information, including higher taxonomy
Natural History Information System [11] all forms of life, biotopes, rocks faunistic and floristic records (citizen science and other sources), phenology, ecology, biotopes, taxonomy, paleontology, stratigraphy
NatureServe [12] plants, animals, and ecosystems of the United States and Canada an authoritative source for information on more than 70,000 plants, animals, and ecosystems of the United States and Canada. Explorer includes particularly in-depth coverage for rare and endangered species.
WikiSpecies [13] All forms of life Higher taxonomy, synonyms, vernacular names, references
A Pan-European Species-directories Infrastructure (PESI) [14] European taxa Authoritative taxonomic checklist of European species, including higher taxonomy, synonyms, vernacular names and European distribution
Naturdata [15] Portuguese taxa Checklist of Portuguese species including mainland and islands with a page for each species including taxonomy, synonyms, vernacular names, images, videos and Portuguese distribution
Georgia (country) biodiversity website [16] Georgia Biodiversity Database Checklists covering ca. 11,000 of plants and animals recorded for Georgia (Central and Western Caucasus)
ScaleNet [17] Scale insects (superfamily Coccoidea) Nomenclature, distribution, hosts, systematics, references
BacDive Metadatabase that provides strain-linked information about bacterial and archaeal biodiversity. Different kind of metadata like taxonomy, morphology, physiology, environment and molecular-biology.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "All Catfish Species Inventory". Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  2. ^ "Arctos". Retrieved 2011-06-09. 
  3. ^ "AntWeb". Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  4. ^ "ASEAN Biodiversity Information Sharing Service". Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  5. ^ "CITES-listed species database". Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  6. ^ "FishBase : A Global Information System on Fishes". Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  7. ^ "Freshwater Ecoregions of the World". Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  8. ^ "HerpNET". Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  9. ^ "Integrated Biodiversity Information System". Retrieved 2015-0402.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  10. ^ "Integrated Taxonomic Information System". Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  11. ^ "Natural History Information System". Retrieved 2014-01-22. 
  12. ^ "NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life". Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  13. ^ "Wikispecies, free species directory". Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  14. ^ "A Pan-European Species-directories Infrastructure (PESI)". Retrieved 2011-01-03. 
  15. ^ "Naturdata - Biodiversidade online". Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  16. ^ "Georgian Biodiversity Database". 
  17. ^ "ScaleNet: Scale insect web catalog". 

External links[edit]