This is a chronological listing of biographies of the
Islamic prophet Muhammad, ranging from the earliest traditional writers to modern times.
Earliest biographers [ edit ]
The following is a list of the earliest known
Hadith collectors who specialized in collecting Sīra and Maghāzī reports.
7th and early 8th century (1st century of Hijra) [ edit ]
Sahl ibn Abī Ḥathma (d. in
Mu'awiya's reign, i.e., 41-60 AH), was a young companion of Muhammad. Parts of his writings on Maghazi are preserved in the Ansāb of al-Baladhuri, the Ṭabaqāt of Ibn Sa'd, and the works of Ibn Jarir al-Tabari and al-Waqidi. 
Abdullah ibn Abbas (d. 78 AH), a companion of Muhammad, his traditions are found in various works of Hadith and Sīra.  Saʿīd ibn Saʿd ibn ʿUbāda al-Khazrajī, another young companion, his writings have survived in the
Musnad of Ibn Hanbal and Abī ʿIwāna, and al-Tabari's Tārīkh. 
ʿUrwa ibn al-Zubayr (d. 713). He wrote letters replying to inquiries of the Umayyad caliphs, Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan and al-Walid I, involving questions about certain events that happened in the time of Muhammad. Since Abd al-Malik did not appreciate the maghāzī literature, these letters were not written in story form. He is not known to have written any books on the subject. He was a grandson of  Abu Bakr and the younger brother of Abdullah ibn al-Zubayr. Saʿīd ibn al-Masīb al-Makhzūmī (d. 94 AH), a famous
Tābiʿī and one of the teachers of Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri. His traditions are quoted in the Six major hadith collections, and in the Sīra works of Ibn Ishaq, Ibn Sayyid al-Nās, and others.  Abū Fiḍāla ʿAbd Allāh ibn Kaʿb ibn Mālik al-Anṣārī (d. 97 AH), his traditions are mentioned by Ibn Ishaq and al-Tabari.
 Abbān ibn Uthmān ibn Affān (d. 101-105 AH), the son of
Uthman. His traditions are transmitted through Malik ibn Anas in his , the Muwaṭṭaʾ Ṭabaqāt of Ibn Sa'd, and in the histories of al-Tabari and al-Yaʿqūbī.  ʿĀmir ibn Sharāḥīl al-Shaʿbī (d. 103 AH), his traditions were transmitted through Abu Isḥāq al-Subaiʿī, Saʿīd ibn Masrūq al-Thawrī, al-Aʿmash, Qatāda, Mujālid ibn Saʿīd, and others.
8th and early 9th century (2nd century of Hijra) [ edit ]
Al-Qāsim ibn Muḥammad ibn Abī Bakr (d. 107 AH), another grandson of
Abu Bakr. His traditions are mainly found in the works of al-Tabari, al-Balathuri, and al-Waqidi. 
Wahb ibn Munabbih (d. during 725 to 737, or 114 AH). Several books were ascribed to him but none of them are now extant. Some of his works survive as quotations found in works by Ibn Ishaq, Ibn Hisham, Ibn Jarir al-Tabari, Abū Nuʿaym al-Iṣfahānī, and others.  
Ibn Shihāb al-Zuhrī (d. c. 737), a central figure in sīra literature, who collected both ahadith and akhbār. His akhbār also contain chains of transmissions, or isnad. He was sponsored by the Umayyad court and asked to write two books, one on genealogy and another on maghāzī. The first was canceled and the one about maghāzī is either not extant or has never been written. 
Musa ibn ʿUqba, a student of al-Zuhrī, wrote Kitāb al-Maghāzī, a notebook used to teach his students; now lost. Some of his traditions have been preserved, although their attribution to him is disputed. 
Muhammad ibn Ishaq (d. 767 or 761), another student of al-Zuhrī, who collected oral traditions that formed the basis of an important biography of Muhammad. His work survived through that of his editors, most notably Ibn Hisham and Ibn Jarir al-Tabari.  Abū Ishāq al-Fazarī (d. 186 AH) wrote Kitāb al-Siyar.
Others (710 CE - 921 CE) [ edit ]
This section needs additional citations for . verification (June 2011)
Zubayr ibn al-Awam, the husband of Asma bint Abi Bakr. Abaan ibn Uthman ibn Affan, the son of
Uthman wrote a small booklet.
Hammam ibn Munabbih, a student of Abu Hurayrah Asim Ibn Umar Ibn Qatada
Al-Ansari Ma'mar Ibn Rashid
Al-Azdi, pupil of Al-Zuhri Abdul Rahman ibn Abdul Aziz
Al-Ausi, pupil of Al-Zuhri Muhammad ibn Salih ibn Dinar
Al-Tammar was a pupil of Al-Zuhri and mentor of Al-Waqidi. Hashim Ibn Urwah ibn Zubayr, son of
Urwah ibn Zubayr, generally quoted traditions from his father but was also a pupil of Al-Zuhri. Ya'qub bin Utba Ibn Mughira Ibn Al-Akhnas Ibn Shuraiq
Al-Thaqafi Abu Ma'shar Najih
Al-Madani. Ali ibn mujahid Al razi Al kindi.
Al-Bakka'iِِArabic [البكائي] was a disciple of Ibn Ishaq and teacher of Ibn Hisham and thus forms a very important link in Sira between two great scholars. Abdul Malik
Ibn Hisham, his work incorporated the text of Ibn Ishaq; he was a pupil of Al-Bakkaa'i. Salama ibn Al-Fadl Al-Abrash Al-Ansari, pupil of Ibn Ishaq.
Al-Waqidi, whose surviving works "Kitab alTarikh wa al-Maghazi" (Book of History and Campaigns) and Futuh al-Sham have been published. Abu Isa Muhammad
Al-Tirmidhi wrote compilations of Shamaail (Characteristics of Muhammad)
Ibn Sa'd wrote the 8-volume work called Tabaqat or ; he was also a pupil of The Book of the Major Classes Al-Waqidi. Imam al-Bayhaqi, wrote
Dala'il al-Nabuwwa (Proof of Prophethood).
Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari wrote the well-known work , whose earlier books include the life of Muhammad, which cite History of the Prophets and Kings Ibn Ishaq. Abu Sa`d al-Naysaburi wrote
Sharaf al-Mustafa Abu Nu`aym wrote
Dala'il al-Nubuwwa Al-Asbahani wrote
Dala'il al-Nubuwwa Al-Baghawi wrote
al-Anwar fi Shama'il al-Nabi al-Mukhtar Faryabi wrote
Later writers and biographies (1100 CE- 1517 CE) [ edit ]
19th century [ edit ]
Bush, George (1831). . J. & J. Harper. The Life of Mohammed: Founder of the Religion of Islam, and of the Empire of the Saracens
Gustav Weil, (Stuttgart: J.B. Metzler'schen Buchhandlung, 1843) Mohammed der Prophet, sein Leben und seine Lehre
Aloys Sprenger, (Allahabad: The Presbyterian Mission Press, 1851). The Life of Mohammad, from Original Sources
William Muir, The Life of Muhammad and History of Islam to the Era of the Hegira (London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1858-1861), 4 vols. – several later editions with slightly different titles.
Aloys Sprenger, Das Leben und die Lehre des Mohammad: Nach bisher größtentheils unbenutzten Quellen (Berlin: Nicolai'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1861-1865), 3 vols – a revised 2nd edition was published in 1869.
Theodor Nöldeke, (Hannover: Carl Rümpler, 1863). Das Leben Muhammed's: Nach den Quellen populär dargestellt
Modern biographies (1900AD – Present) [ edit ]
Muhammad Husayn Haykal, in Arabic, 1933; with English translation by The Life of Muhammad Isma'il Raji A. al-Faruqi.
Andrae, Tor (1933). Mohammed: The Man and His Faith. Dover. ISBN 0-486-41136-2. Khalid Latif Gauba,
The Prophet of the Desert (Lahore: Lion Press, 1949).
William Montgomery Watt, and Muhammad at Mecca (1953 and 1956, Oxford University Press). Muhammad at Medina
Alfred Guillaume, Ibn Ishaq: The life of Muhammad, a translation of Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, with introduction and notes, Oxford University Press, 1955, ISBN 0 19 636033 1
Maurice Gaudefroy-Demombynes, Mahomet (Paris: Éditions Albin Michel, 1957).
Maxime Rodinson, Mahomet (Paris: Éditions du Seuil, 1960) – also translated into English (1961).
Muhammad Hamidullah wrote four books on Sira, Muhammad Rasulullah: A concise survey of the life and work of the founder of Islam (1979); The Prophet of Islam: Prophet of Migration (1989); The Prophet's establishing a state and his succession (1988); Battlefields of the Prophet Muhammad (1992).
Martin Lings, (London: Islamic Texts Society, 1983), Muhammad: His Life Based on the Earliest Sources ISBN 978-0-04-297042-4.
Karen Armstrong, (London: Victor Gollancz Ltd, 1991), and Muhammad: A Biography of the Prophet (New York: Harper Collins, 2006). Muhammad: A Prophet for Our Time
Sheikh Mohammad Iqbal, The Life and Mission of Muhammad (PBUH) (1st Volume out of five of The History of Islam and Muslims, 1992).
Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Muhammad, Man of God (KAZI Publications, 1995) ISBN 978-1-56744-501-5
Ali al-Sallabi, The Noble Life of the Prophet (Riyadh: Darussalam Publishers, 2005), 3 vols. Allama Syed Saadat Ali Qadri,
Jaan-e-Aalam – Soul of the worlds (2006).
Robert Spencer, (Washington: Regnery Publishing, 2006). The Truth About Muhammad: Founder of the World's Most Intolerant Religion Osman Kartal,
The Prophet's Scribe (Twickenham: Athena Press, 2009), ISBN 978-1-84748-629-5.
Ahmad, Mirza Bashir (2011). Life & Character of the Seal of Prophets (PDF). Islam International Publications. ISBN 9781-84880-052-6. Vols. 2
Lesley Hazleton, The First Muslim: The Story of Muhammad (New York: Riverhead Books, 2013). Sayyed Shahabuddin Salfi Firdausi,
Seerat-e-Badr-ud-Duja (2015) F.W. Burleigh,
It's All About Muhammad: A Biography of the World's Most Notorious Prophet (Portland: Zenga Books, 2014).
Biographies missing date of publication [ edit ]
This section is incomplete. (March 2016)
Dr. Muhammad Asadullah Al-Ghalib wrote Nobider Kahini (the most reliable collection in Bangla, based on the Glorious Quran and authentic Hadeeth). Dr. Mohamed Hesham Yousef wrote The
beloved book series. Ahmad ibn Zayni Dahlan al-Shafi`i al-Makki (Shaykh-ul-Islam) wrote Sirah al-Nabi.
Sayyid Muhammad `Alawi al-Maliki al-Makki wrote Muhammad Rasulallah.
Prof Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri wrote Sirah al-Rasul (14 volumes, largest collection in Urdu). Anwarullah Haidarabadi wrote Anwar-e-Ahmadi.
Al-Sayyid Muhammad `Uthman al-Mirghani wrote Fath al-Rasul.
Muhammad Rida wrote Muhammad Rasulallah.
As'ad Muhammad Sa`id al-Sagharji wrote Muhammad Rasulallah.
Yusuf al-Nabhani wrote Fada'il al-Muhammadiyya, al-Anwar al-Muhammadiyya and Shawahid al-Haqq. Muhammad Yasin al-Fadani al-Makki wrote Hashiyya al-Mawahib al-Laduniyya.
Pir Muhammad Karam Shah al-Azhari wrote Ziya al-Nabi.
Shibli Nomani wrote his famous 5 volume book in Sirat-un-Nabi Urdu with the help of his disciple Syed Sulaiman Nadvi. The book was translated in English by M. Tayyib Bakhsh Budayuni: ISBN 978-81-7151-282-9.
Syed Sulaiman Nadvi wrote Muhammad The Ideal Prophet and Muhammad The Prophet Of Peace translated by Rauf Luther. N Tawheedi wrote
A Glance At The Life Of The Holy Prophet Of Islam. Mohammad Amin wrote
A Spark From The Dynamo Of Prophethood. Mohammed
Marmaduke Pickthall wrote Al-Amin A Life-Sketch Of The Prophet Muhammad. Syed M. Nadvi wrote
An Easy History Of The Prophet Of Islam.
Khwaja Shamsuddin Azeemi, wrote Muhammad-ur-Rasoolullah in 4 volumes. Abdul Hameed Siddiqui wrote
Life Of Muhammad . Dr Muhammad Shamsul Haque wrote
Life Of Prophet Muhammad The Final Messenger. Fazal-ur-Rahman Ansari wrote 3 books namely,
Muhammad As A Military Leader; Muhammad Encyclopedia Of Seerah and Muhammad Blessing For Mankind. These books were given by the then government of Pakistan to diplomatic visitors to Pakistan. Zahir Ahmed Muhammad wrote the
Glimpses Of The Prophet's Life & Times. Ali Musa Raza wrote
Muhammad In The Qur'an.
Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi wrote Muhammad Rasulullah . Muhammad Iqbal wrote
Muhammad The Beloved Prophet.
Naeem Siddiqui wrote Muhammad The Benefactor Of Humanity. Dr M.H. Durrani wrote two books namely
Muhammad The Biblical Prophet and The Holy Prophet Muhammad. Dr Majid Ali Khan wrote
Muhammad The Final Messenger.
Ahmed Deedat wrote Muhammad the Greatest and Muhammad the Natural Successor to Christ.
Jamal Badawi wrote Muhammad A Blessing For Mankind, a Short Biography and Commentary. Mustafa Ahmad al-Zarqa wrote
Muhammad The Perfect Model For Humanity. Wahiduddin Khan wrote
Muhammad The Prophet Of Revolution. Syed Iqbal Zaheer wrote
Muhammad The Unlettered Prophet Who Changed The World. Abdur Rahman Lutz wrote
Muhammad Upon Whom Be Peace. Syed Athar Husain wrote
Prophet Muhammad & His Mission. Fethullah Gulen wrote
Prophet Muhammad As Commander and Prophet Muhammad The Infinite Light. Kais al-Kalby wrote
Prophet Muhammad The Last Messenger In The Bible. Mufti Shafi wrote
Seerat Khaatmul-Ambiyaa – Life Of Rasulullah, translated by Abbas Zuber Ali. Dr Mohamed Abdulla Pasha wrote
Sixth Century & Beyond – The Prophet & His Times. Zakaria Bashier wrote
Sunshine At Madinah: Studies In Life Of Prophet and The Makkan Crucible. Dr Ata Mohy-ud-din wrote
The Arabian Prophet. Fakir Syed Waheeduddin wrote
The Benefactor & The Rightly-Guided. Mustafa as-Sibaa'ie wrote
The Life of Prophet Muhammad – Highlights and Lessons. Muhammad Bashiruddin Mahmood wrote
The First & The Last – Muhammad. Abdul Majeed wrote
The Last Prophet & His Message. Mohammad Yusuf wrote
The Last Prophet Of Islam . Muhammad Abdul Rauf, wrote
The Life & Teaching Of The Prophet Muhammad. Syed Ameer Ali wrote
The Life & Teachings Of Mohammad. Tahia Al-Ismail wrote
The Life Of Muhammad – Based On Earliest Sources. Sarwar Saulat wrote
The Life Of The Prophet. Abdal Rahman Azzam wrote
The Life Of The Prophet Muhammad. Muhammad Al-Kidari wrote
The Light Of Certitude. Ayatullah Jafar Subhani wrote
The Message – The Holy Prophet Of Allah. Khalifa Abdul Hakim wrote
The Prophet & His Message. Syed Abdul Wahab wrote
The Shadowless Prophet Of Islam. Muhammad Abdul Hai wrote
Uswai Rasool-e-Akram (Life & Teachings Of Prophet). Safdar Hosain wrote
Who Was Muhammad?.
Safiur Rahman Mubarakpuri wrote Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum ( The Sealed Nectar). Online link. Mahdi Rizqullah Ahmad wrote
The Prophet of Islam in the Light of the Original Sources: An Analytical Study. Muhammad Mohar Ali wrote
Sirat al-Nabi and the Orientalists – with special reference to the writings of William Muir, D.S. Margoliouth and W. Montgomery Watt.
Khalid Masud wrote Hayat e Rasul e Ummi in Urdu (translated as: The Unlettered Prophet by Saadia Malik). 
Maulana Wahiduddin Khan wrote Prophet of Revolution Muhammad bin Abdul-Wahhab Najdi wrote
Mukhtasar Sirah al-Rasul. Allama Azad Subhani (1897-1964) wrote
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b c d e f g h i M. R. Ahmad (1992). Al-sīra al-nabawiyya fī ḍawʾ al-maṣādir al-aṣliyya: dirāsa taḥlīliyya (1st ed.). Riyadh: King Saud University. pp. 20–34.
^ a b c d e Raven, Wim (2006). "Sīra and the Qurʾān". . Brill Academic Publishers. pp. 29–49. Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān
^ Published from Lebanon, Beirut: Mu'assasa al-Risāla, 1987.
^ Preamble to the book