List of birds of Australia

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The list scope includes outlying islands:
    1. Cocos (Keeling) Islands
    2. Christmas Island
    3. Ashmore Reef
    4. Torres Strait Islands
    5. Lord Howe Island
    6. Norfolk Island
    7. Macquarie Island
    8. Heard Island and McDonald Islands

This is a list of the wild birds found in Australia including its outlying islands and territories, but excluding the Australian Antarctic Territory. The outlying islands covered include: Christmas, Cocos (Keeling), Ashmore, Torres Strait, Coral Sea, Lord Howe, Norfolk, Macquarie and Heard/McDonald. The list includes introduced species, common vagrants and recently extinct species. It excludes extirpated introductions, some very rare vagrants (seen once) and species only present in captivity. Nine hundred and fifty extant and extinct species are listed.

There have been three comprehensive accounts: the first was John Goulds Birds of Australia, the second Gregory Mathews, and third was the Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds (1990-2006).

The taxonomy followed is from Christidis and Boles, 2008.[1] Their system has been developed over nearly two decades[2] and has strong local support,[3] but deviates in important ways from more generally accepted schemes.


Table of contents

See also        References

Non-passerines[edit]

Ostriches[edit]

Order: Struthioniformes   Family: Struthionidae

1 species recorded [1 introduced]
This order is not native to Australia, but feral populations of one species have become established in South Australia and possibly on the New South Wales/Victoria border.

Common name Binomial Notes
Common ostrich Struthio camelus introduced

Cassowaries[edit]

Order: Casuariiformes   Family: Casuariidae

1 species recorded [1 extant native]
This family of flightless ratite birds is represented by one living species in Australia. Another two species can be found in New Guinea.

Common name Binomial Notes
Southern cassowary Casuarius casuarius

Emus[edit]

Order: Casuariiformes   Family: Dromaiidae

1 species recorded [1 extant native]
This family of flightless ratite birds is represented by one living species endemic to Australia. The extinct, geographically-isolated King and Kangaroo Island emus were historically considered to be separate species to mainland emus. However, genetic evidence from 2011 suggests that all three are conspecific.

Common name Binomial Notes
Emu Dromaius novaehollandiae

Mound-builders[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Megapodiidae

3 species recorded [3 extant native]
Megapodiidae are represented by various species in the Australasian region, although only three species can be found in Australia. They are commonly referred to as "mound-builders" due to their habit of constructing large mounds to incubate their eggs.

Common name Binomial Notes
Australian brushturkey Alectura lathami
Malleefowl Leipoa ocellata
Orange-footed scrubfowl Megapodius reinwardt

Pheasants[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Phasianidae

8 species recorded [3 extant native, 5 introduced]
Phasianidae consists of the pheasants and their allies. These are terrestrial species, variable in size but generally plump, with broad, relatively short wings. Many species are gamebirds or have been domesticated as a food source for humans. Three species are native to Australia, and five commonly domesticated species are feral, with most established populations persisting on offshore islands.

Common name Binomial Notes
Stubble quail Coturnix pectoralis
Brown quail Coturnix ypsilophora
King quail Excalfactoria chinensis
Indian peafowl Pavo cristatus introduced, King, Rottnest & Furneaux Islands
Red junglefowl Gallus gallus introduced, Norfolk & Christmas Island
Green junglefowl Gallus varius introduced, Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Common pheasant Phasianus colchicus introduced, King, Flinders & Rottnest Island
Wild turkey Meleagris gallopavo introduced, King, Flinders & Kangaroo Island

Guineafowl[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Numididae

1 species recorded [1 introduced]
Numididae are not native to Australia, but feral populations of one species exist in Queensland.

Common name Binomial Notes
Helmeted guineafowl Numida meleagris introduced

New World quails[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Odontophoridae

1 species recorded [1 introduced]
Odontophoridae are not native to Australia, but feral populations of one species survive in external territories and possibly the mainland.

Common name Binomial Notes
California quail Callipepla californica introduced, Norfolk & King Island

Magpie goose[edit]

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anseranatidae

Magpie goose - Fogg Dam - Northern Territory - Australia

1 species recorded [1 extant native]
The family contains a single species, the magpie goose. It was an early and distinctive offshoot of the anseriform family tree, diverging after the screamers and before all other ducks, geese and swans, sometime in the late Cretaceous. The single species is found across Australia.

Common name Binomial Notes
Magpie goose Anseranas semipalmata

Ducks, geese and swans[edit]

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anatidae

30 species recorded [20 extant native, 3 introduced, 6 vagrant, 1 introduced vagrant]
The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These are adapted for an aquatic existence, with webbed feet, bills that are flattened to a greater or lesser extent, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to special oils. In Australia, 26 species have been recorded, of which three have been introduced, and three are vagrants.

Common name Binomial Notes
Spotted whistling duck Dendrocygna guttata
Plumed whistling duck Dendrocygna eytoni
Wandering whistling duck Dendrocygna arcuata
Musk duck Biziura lobata
Freckled duck Stictonetta naevosa
Cape Barren goose Cereopsis novaehollandiae
Black swan Cygnus atratus
Mute swan Cygnus olor introduced
Canada goose Branta canadensis vagrant, presumably from introduced NZ population
Greylag goose Anser anser introduced
Radjah shelduck Radjah radjah
Australian shelduck Tadorna tadornoides
Paradise shelduck Tadorna variegata vagrant, Lord Howe Island & NSW
Australian wood duck Chenonetta jubata
Pink-eared duck Malacorhynchus membranaceus
Cotton pygmy goose Nettapus coromandelianus
Green pygmy goose Nettapus pulchellus
Garganey Spatula querquedula
Australasian shoveler Spatula rhynchotis
Northern shoveler Spatula clypeata vagrant
Grey teal Anas gracilis
Chestnut teal Anas castanea
Common teal Anas crecca vagrant, Cocos (Keeling) Island
Northern pintail Anas acuta vagrant
Northern mallard Anas platyrhynchos introduced
Pacific black duck Anas superciliosa
Eurasian wigeon Mareca penelope vagrant
Hardhead Aythya australis
Tufted duck Aythya fuligula vagrant
Blue-billed duck Oxyura australis

Tropicbirds[edit]

Order: Phaethontiformes   Family: Phaethontidae

3 species recorded [2 extant native, 1 vagrant]
Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their long wings have black markings, as does the head. Two species have been recorded from Australian waters.

Common name Binomial Notes
Red-tailed tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda
White-tailed tropicbird Phaethon lepturus
Red-billed tropicbird Phaethon aethereus vagrant, Ashmore Reef & Lord Howe Island

Grebes[edit]

Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae

4 species recorded [3 extant native, 1 vagrant]
Grebes are small to medium-large freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. Three species have been regularly recorded in Australia, and a fourth is a vagrant.

Common name Binomial Notes
Australasian grebe Tachybaptus novaehollandiae
Tricolored grebe Tachybaptus tricolor vagrant
Hoary-headed grebe Poliocephalus poliocephalus
Great crested grebe Podiceps cristatus

Pigeons and doves[edit]

Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae

Crested pigeon and spinifex pigeon

35 species recorded [24 extant native, 4 introduced, 5 vagrant, 2 extinct native]
Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. In Australian territory 31 species have been recorded, five of which have been introduced, and another three are vagrants. Three have become extinct since European colonisation.

Common name Binomial Notes
Rock pigeon Columba livia introduced
White-throated pigeon Columba vitiensis extirpated, Lord Howe Island
White-headed pigeon Columba leucomela
Barbary dove Streptopelia roseogrisea introduced
Red collared dove Streptopelia tranquebarica vagrant, Christmas Island
Laughing dove Spilopelia senegalensis introduced
Spotted dove Spilopelia chinensis introduced
Brown cuckoo-dove Macropygia phasianella
Pacific emerald dove Chalcophaps longirostris
Common emerald dove Chalcophaps indica Christmas Island
Common bronzewing Phaps chalcoptera
Brush bronzewing Phaps elegans
Flock bronzewing Phaps histrionica
Crested pigeon Ocyphaps lophotes
Spinifex pigeon Geophaps plumifera
Partridge pigeon Geophaps smithii
Squatter pigeon Geophaps scripta
White-quilled rock pigeon Petrophassa albipennis
Chestnut-quilled rock pigeon Petrophassa rufipennis
Diamond dove Geopelia cuneata
Peaceful dove Geopelia placida
Bar-shouldered dove Geopelia humeralis
Wonga pigeon Leucosarcia melanoleuca
Norfolk ground dove Gallicolumba norfolciensis extinct, Norfolk Island
Black-banded fruit dove Ptilinopus alligator
Wompoo fruit dove Ptilinopus magnificus
Superb fruit dove Ptilinopus superbus
Rose-crowned fruit dove Ptilinopus regina
Orange-bellied fruit dove Ptilinopus iozonus vagrant, Torres Strait
Elegant imperial pigeon Ducula concinna vagrant
Christmas imperial pigeon Ducula whartoni Christmas Island
Collared imperial pigeon Ducula mullerii vagrant, Torres Strait
Torresian imperial pigeon Ducula spilorrhoa
Topknot pigeon Lopholaimus antarcticus
New Zealand pigeon Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae extirpated, Norfolk Island
Bar-shouldered dove - Home Garden - Darwin - Northern Territory - Australia

Frogmouths[edit]

Order: Podargiformes   Family: Podargidae

3 species recorded [3 extant native]
The frogmouths are a distinctive group of small nocturnal birds related to swifts found from India across southern Asia to Australia. Three species are found in Australia.

Common name Binomial Notes
Tawny frogmouth Podargus strigoides
Papuan frogmouth Podargus papuensis
Marbled frogmouth Podargus ocellatus

Nightjars[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Families: Eurostopodidae and Caprimulgidae

5 species recorded [3 extant native, 2 vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
White-throated nightjar Eurostopodus mystacalis
Spotted nightjar Eurostopodus argus
Large-tailed nightjar Caprimulgus macrurus
Savanna nightjar Caprimulgus affinis vagrant, Christmas Island
Grey nightjar Caprimulgus jotaka vagrant, Ashmore Reef

Owlet-nightjars[edit]

Order: Aegotheliformes   Family: Aegothelidae

1 species recorded [1 extant native]
The owlet-nightjars are a distinctive group of small nocturnal birds related to swifts found from the Maluku Islands and New Guinea to Australia and New Caledonia. There are eleven species, one of which is found in Australia.

Common name Binomial Notes
Australian owlet-nightjar Aegotheles cristatus

Swifts[edit]

Order: Apodiformes   Family: Apodidae

8 species recorded [4 extant native, 4 vagrant]
Swifts are small birds which spend the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang. There are 98 species worldwide, with eight recorded in Australian territory, four of which are vagrants.

Common name Binomial Notes
Glossy swiftlet Collocalia esculenta vagrant
Christmas Island swiftlet Collocalia natalis Christmas Island
Australian swiftlet Aerodramus terraereginae
Uniform swiftlet Aerodramus vanikorensis vagrant
White-throated needletail Hirundapus caudacutus
Papuan spine-tailed swift Mearnsia novaeguineae vagrant, Torres Strait
Pacific swift Apus pacificus
House swift Apus affinis vagrant

Austral storm petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Oceanitidae

7 species recorded [5 extant native, 2 vagrant]
The austral storm petrels are the smallest seabirds, relatives of the petrels, feeding on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. Their flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like.

Common name Binomial Notes
Polynesian storm petrel Nesofregetta fuliginosa vagrant
Wilson's storm petrel Oceanites oceanicus
Grey-backed storm petrel Garrodia nereis
White-faced storm petrel Pelagodroma marina
Black-bellied storm petrel Fregetta tropica
White-bellied storm petrel Fregetta grallaria
New Zealand storm petrel Fregetta maoriana vagrant

Northern storm petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae

5 species recorded [2 extant native, 3 vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Swinhoe's storm petrel Oceanodroma monorhis
Leach's storm petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa vagrant
Tristram's storm petrel Oceanodroma tristrami vagrant
Matsudaira's storm petrel Oceanodroma matsudairae
Band-rumped storm petrel Oceanodroma castro vagrant

Albatrosses[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Diomedeidae

18 species recorded [13 extant native, 5 vagrant]
The albatrosses are a family of large seabird found across the Southern and North Pacific Oceans. The largest are among the largest flying birds in the world. Fourteen species are seen to varying degrees in Australian waters, with another recorded as a vagrant.

Common name Binomial Notes
Wandering albatross Diomedea exulans
Antipodean albatross Diomedea antipodensis
Tristan albatross Diomedea dabbenena vagrant
Amsterdam albatross Diomedea amsterdamensis vagrant
Southern royal albatross Diomedea epomophora
Northern royal albatross Diomedea sanfordi
Laysan albatross Phoebastria immutabilis vagrant, Norfolk Island
Black-browed albatross Thalassarche melanophris
Shy albatross Thalassarche cauta
Salvin's albatross Thalassarche salvini
Chatham albatross Thalassarche eremita vagrant
Campbell albatross Thalassarche impavida
Grey-headed albatross Thalassarche chrysostoma
Indian yellow-nosed albatross Thalassarche carteri
Atlantic yellow-nosed albatross Thalassarche chlororhynchos vagrant
Buller's albatross Thalassarche bulleri
Sooty albatross Phoebetria fusca
Light-mantled sooty albatross Phoebetria palpebrata

Fulmars, petrels and shearwaters[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Procellariidae

59 species recorded [40 native extant, 18 vagrant, 1 extinct], 1 unconfirmed
The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized "true petrels", characterised by united nostrils with medium nasal septum, and a long outer functional primary flight feather. In Australian waters, 51 species have been recorded.

Common name Binomial Notes
Southern giant petrel Macronectes giganteus
Northern giant petrel Macronectes halli
Southern fulmar Fulmarus glacialoides
Antarctic petrel Thalassoica antarctica vagrant
Cape petrel Daption capense
Snow petrel Pagodroma nivea vagrant, Heard & Macquarie Island
Blue petrel Halobaena caerulea
Broad-billed prion Pachyptila vittata
Salvin's prion Pachyptila salvini
Antarctic prion Pachyptila desolata
Slender-billed prion Pachyptila belcheri
Fairy prion Pachyptila turtur
Fulmar prion Pachyptila crassirostris vagrant; Heard Island
White-chinned petrel Procellaria aequinoctialis
Westland petrel Procellaria westlandica
Black petrel Procellaria parkinsoni
Grey petrel Procellaria cinerea
Bulwer's petrel Bulweria bulwerii
Jouanin's petrel Bulweria fallax
Wedge-tailed shearwater Ardenna pacifica
Buller's shearwater Ardenna bulleri
Flesh-footed shearwater Ardenna carneipes
Pink-footed shearwater Ardenna creatopus vagrant
Great shearwater Ardenna gravis vagrant
Sooty shearwater Ardenna grisea
Short-tailed shearwater Ardenna tenuirostris
Cory's shearwater Calonectris borealis vagrant
Streaked shearwater Calonectris leucomelas
Manx shearwater Puffinus puffinus vagrant
Newell's shearwater Puffinus newelli vagrant
Fluttering shearwater Puffinus gavia
Hutton's shearwater Puffinus huttoni
Tropical shearwater Puffinus bailloni vagrant
Persian shearwater Puffinus persicus possible vagrant
Heinroth's shearwater Puffinus heinrothi vagrant
Little shearwater Puffinus assimilis
Subantarctic shearwater Puffinus elegans
Tahiti petrel Pseudobulweria rostrata
Kerguelen petrel Lugensa brevirostris
Barau's petrel Pterodroma baraui vagrant
Juan Fernandez petrel Pterodroma externa vagrant
Kermadec petrel Pterodroma neglecta vagrant; Lord Howe Island; Norfolk Island
Herald petrel Pterodroma heraldica
Soft-plumaged petrel Pterodroma mollis
White-headed petrel Pterodroma lessonii
Great-winged petrel Pterodroma macroptera
Providence petrel Pterodroma solandri
Mottled petrel Pterodroma inexpectata
Gould's petrel Pterodroma leucoptera
Collared petrel Pterodroma brevipes vagrant
Stejneger's petrel Pterodroma longirostris vagrant
Cook's petrel Pterodroma cookii
Pycroft's petrel Pterodroma pycrofti extirpated, Norfolk Island; possible vagrant
White-necked petrel Pterodroma cervicalis
Vanuatu petrel Pterodroma occulta vagrant
Black-winged petrel Pterodroma nigripennis
Atlantic petrel Pterodroma incerta vagrant
Magenta petrel Pterodroma magentae vagrant
Common diving petrel Pelecanoides urinatrix
South Georgian diving petrel Pelecanoides georgicus Macquarie & Heard Island; mainland vagrant

Penguins[edit]

Order: Sphenisciformes   Family: Spheniscidae

A wild little penguin returning to its burrow to feed its chicks on Bruny Island

14 species recorded [6 extant native, 8 vagrant]
Penguins are a group of aquatic, flightless birds living almost exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere, especially in Antarctica. Only one species, the little penguin, breeds on the Australian coast.

Common name Binomial Notes
King penguin Aptenodytes patagonicus Macquarie & Heard Island; mainland vagrant
Emperor penguin Aptenodytes forsteri vagrant, Macquarie & Heard Island
Gentoo penguin Pygoscelis papua Macquarie & Heard Island; mainland vagrant
Adelie penguin Pygoscelis adeliae vagrant, TAS, Macquarie & Heard Island
Chinstrap penguin Pygoscelis antarcticus vagrant, VIC, TAS, Macquarie & Heard Island
Southern rockhopper penguin Eudyptes chrysocome Macquarie & Heard Island; mainland vagrant
Northern rockhopper penguin Eudyptes moseleyi vagrant
Fiordland penguin Eudyptes pachyrhynchus
Snares penguin Eudyptes robustus vagrant
Erect-crested penguin Eudyptes sclateri vagrant
Macaroni penguin Eudyptes chrysolophus vagrant; Macquarie Island; Heard Island
Royal penguin Eudyptes schlegeli Macquarie Island; mainland vagrant
Little penguin Eudyptula minor
Magellanic penguin Spheniscus magellanicus vagrant

Frigatebirds[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Fregatidae

3 species recorded [3 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Lesser frigatebird Fregata ariel
Great frigatebird Fregata minor
Christmas frigatebird Fregata andrewsi Christmas Island; mainland vagrant

Boobies and gannets[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Sulidae

6 species recorded [5 extant native, 1 vagrant]
The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups are medium-large coastal seabirds that plunge-dive for fish. Six species have been recorded from Australian territory.

Common name Binomial Notes
Abbott's booby Papasula abbotti Christmas Island; mainland vagrant
Cape gannet Morus capensis vagrant
Australasian gannet Morus serrator
Masked booby Sula dactylatra
Red-footed booby Sula sula
Brown booby Sula leucogaster

Darters[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Anhingidae

1 species recorded [1 extant native]
Darters are cormorant-like water birds with long necks and long, straight bills. They are fish eaters which often swim with only their neck above the water. One species is found in Australia.

Common name Binomial Notes
Australasian darter Anhinga novaehollandiae

Cormorants[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae

6 species recorded [6 extant native]
Cormorants are medium-to-large aquatic birds, usually with mainly dark plumage and areas of coloured skin on the face. The bill is long, thin and sharply hooked. Their feet are four-toed and webbed, a distinguishing feature among the Pelecaniformes order. Seven species occur in Australian territory, with a seventh as a vagrant.

Common name Binomial Notes
Little pied cormorant Microcarbo melanoleucos
Great cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little black cormorant Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
Pied cormorant Phalacrocorax varius
Black-faced cormorant Phalacrocorax fuscescens
Imperial shag Leucocarbo atriceps Heard & Macquarie Island

Pelicans[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Pelecanidae

1 species recorded [1 extant native]
Pelicans are large water birds with distinctive pouches under their bills. Like other birds in the order Pelecaniformes, they have four webbed toes. One species has been recorded in Australia.

Common name Binomial Notes
Australian pelican Pelecanus conspicillatus

Bitterns, herons and egrets[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Ardeidae

Australian little egret
Pacific reef heron, dark morph

24 species recorded [14 extant native, 10 vagrant], 1 unconfirmed

Common name Binomial Notes
Australasian bittern Botaurus poiciloptilus
Australian little bittern Ixobrychus dubius
Yellow bittern Ixobrychus sinensis vagrant
Schrenck's bittern Ixobrychus eurhythmus vagrant, Christmas Island
Cinnamon bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus vagrant
Black bittern Ixobrychus flavicollis
Grey heron Ardea cinerea vagrant
Purple heron Ardea purpurea vagrant
White-necked heron Ardea pacifica
Great egret Ardea alba
Intermediate egret Ardea intermedia
Great-billed heron Ardea sumatrana
Eastern cattle egret Bubulcus coromandus
Striated heron Butorides striatus
Chinese pond heron Ardeola bacchus vagrant
Javan pond heron Ardeola speciosa vagrant
Pied heron Egretta picata
White-faced heron Egretta novaehollandiae
Little egret Egretta garzetta
Eastern reef egret Egretta sacra
Western reef egret Egretta gularis possibly Cocos (Keeling) Islands but likely hybridised with E. sacra
Black-crowned night heron Nycticorax nycticorax vagrant, Cocos (Keeling) Islands & Ashmore Reef
Nankeen night heron Nycticorax caledonicus
Japanese night heron Gorsachius goisagi vagrant, Christmas Island
Malayan night heron Gorsachius melanolophus vagrant, Christmas Island

Ibises and spoonbills[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Threskiornithidae

Royal spoonbill

5 species recorded [5 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Glossy ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Australian white ibis Threskiornis moluccus
Straw-necked ibis Threskiornis spinicollis
Royal spoonbill Platalea regia
Yellow-billed spoonbill Platalea flavipes

Storks[edit]

Black necked stork (jabiru) and juvenile pied heron in flight - Fogg Dam - Northern Territory - Australia

Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ciconiidae

1 species recorded [1 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Black-necked stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus

Flamingos[edit]

Order: Phoenicopteriformes   Family: Phoenicopteridae

1 species recorded [1 vagrant]
Australia has only a single record of any flamingo species, from the North Keeling Island. Several prehistoric species are also known to have existed.

Common name Binomial Notes
Greater flamingo Pheonicopterus roseus vagrant, Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Hawks, kites and eagles[edit]

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae

22 species recorded [18 extant native, 4 vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Black-shouldered kite Elanus axillaris
Letter-winged kite Elanus scriptus
Square-tailed kite Lophoictinia isura
Black-breasted buzzard Hamirostra melanosternon
Crested honey buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus vagrant
Pacific baza Aviceda subcristata
White-bellied sea eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster
Whistling kite Haliastur sphenurus
Brahminy kite Haliastur indus
Black kite Milvus migrans
Brown goshawk Accipiter fasciatus
Collared sparrowhawk Accipiter cirrocephalus
Chinese sparrowhawk Accipiter soloensis vagrant, Cocos (Keeling) Islands & Ashmore Reef
Japanese sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis vagrant, Cocos (Keeling) Islands & Ashmore Reef
Christmas Island goshawk Accipiter natalis Christmas Island
Grey goshawk Accipiter novaehollandiae
Spotted harrier Circus assimilis
Swamp harrier Circus approximans
Red goshawk Erythrotriorchis radiatus
Gurney's eagle Aquila gurneyi vagrant, Torres Strait
Wedge-tailed eagle Aquila audax
Little eagle Hieraaetus morphnoides

Osprey[edit]

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Pandionidae

1 species recorded [1 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Eastern osprey Pandion cristatus

Falcons[edit]

Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae

7 species recorded [6 extant native, 1 vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Nankeen kestrel Falco cenchroides
Brown falcon Falco berigora
Australian hobby Falco longipennis
Eurasian hobby Falco subbuteo vagrant
Grey falcon Falco hypoleucos
Black falcon Falco subniger
Peregrine falcon Falco peregrinus

Cranes[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Gruidae

2 species recorded [2 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Sarus crane Grus antigone
Brolga Grus rubicunda

Rails, crakes and coots[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Rallidae

22 species recorded [15 extant native, 6 vagrant, 1 extinct native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Australasian swamphen Porphyrio melanotus
White gallinule Porphyrio albus extinct, Lord Howe Island
Red-necked crake Rallina tricolor
Red-legged crake Rallina fasciata vagrant
Lewin's rail Lewinia pectoralis
Chestnut rail Eulabeornis castaneoventris
Buff-banded rail Gallirallus philippensis
Lord Howe woodhen Gallirallus sylvestris Lord Howe Island
Corncrake Crex crex vagrant
Baillon's crake Porzana pusilla
Australian spotted crake Porzana fluminea
Ruddy-breasted crake Porzana fusca vagrant, Christmas Island
Spotless crake Porzana tabuensis
White-browed crake Amaurornis cinerea
Pale-vented bush-hen Amaurornis moluccana
White-breasted waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus vagrant, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Watercock Gallicrex cinerea vagrant, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands & Ashmore Reef
Black-tailed nativehen Tribonyx ventralis
Tasmanian nativehen Tribonyx mortierii
Dusky moorhen Gallinula tenebrosa
Common moorhen Gallinula chloropus vagrant, Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Eurasian coot Fulica atra

Bustards[edit]

Order: Otidiformes   Family: Otididae

1 species recorded [1 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Australian bustard Ardeotis australis

Sheathbills[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Chionidae

1 species recorded [1 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Black-faced sheathbill Chionis minor Heard Island; mainland vagrant

Stone-curlews (thick-knees)[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Burhinidae

2 species recorded [2 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Bush stone-curlew Burhinus grallarius
Beach stone-curlew Esacus magnirostris

Oystercatchers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Haematopodidae

3 species recorded [2 extant native, 1 vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
South Island pied oystercatcher Haematopus finschi vagrant
Australian pied oystercatcher Haematopus longirostris
Sooty oystercatcher Haematopus fuliginosus

Avocets and stilts[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae

Rooinek avocet

3 species recorded [3 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Pied stilt Himantopus leucocephalus
Red-necked avocet Recurvirostra novaehollandiae
Banded stilt Cladorhynchus leucocephalus

Plovers and lapwings[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae

Double-banded plover non-breeding plumage

20 species recorded [14 extant native, 6 vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Pacific golden plover Pluvialis fulva
American golden plover Pluvialis dominicus vagrant
Grey plover Pluvialis squatarola
Ringed plover Charadrius hiaticula vagrant
Little ringed plover Charadrius dubius
Semipalmated plover Charadrius semipalmatus vagrant
Kentish plover Charadrius alexandrinus vagrant
Red-capped plover Charadrius ruficapillus
Double-banded plover Charadrius bicinctus
Lesser sand plover Charadrius mongolus
Greater sand plover Charadrius leschenaultii
Caspian plover Charadrius asiaticus vagrant
Oriental plover Charadrius veredus
Inland dotterel Charadrius australis
Black-fronted dotterel Elseyornis melanops
Hooded plover Thinornis cucullatus
Red-kneed dotterel Erythrogonys cinctus
Banded lapwing Vanellus tricolor
Masked lapwing Vanellus miles
Grey-headed lapwing Vanellus cinereus vagrant

Plains wanderer[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Pedionomidae

1 species recorded [1 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Plains wanderer Pedionomus torquatus

Jacanas[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Jacanidae

2 species recorded [1 extant native, 1 vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Comb-crested jacana Irediparra gallinacea
Pheasant-tailed jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus vagrant

Painted-snipe[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Rostratulidae

1 species recorded [1 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Australian painted-snipe Rostratula australis

Waders or shorebirds[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae

47 species recorded [29 extant native, 18 vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Latham's snipe Gallinago hardwickii
Pin-tailed snipe Gallinago stenura
Swinhoe's snipe Gallinago megala
Black-tailed godwit Limosa limosa
Hudsonian godwit Limosa haemastica vagrant
Bar-tailed godwit Limosa lapponica
Little curlew Numenius minutus
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Eastern curlew Numenius madagascariensis
Eurasian curlew Numenius arquata vagrant
Upland sandpiper Bartramia longicauda vagrant
Terek sandpiper Xenus cinereus
Common sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Green sandpiper Tringa ochropus vagrant
Grey-tailed tattler Tringa brevipes
Wandering tattler Tringa incana
Spotted redshank Tringa erythropus vagrant
Nordmann's greenshank Tringa guttifer vagrant
Common greenshank Tringa nebularia
Lesser yellowlegs Tringa flavipes vagrant
Marsh sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Common redshank Tringa totanus
Wood sandpiper Tringa glareola
Ruddy turnstone Arenaria interpres
Asian dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus
Long-billed dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus vagrant
Short-billed dowitcher Limnodromus griseus vagrant
Great knot Calidris tenuirostris
Red knot Calidris canutus
Sanderling Calidris alba
Little stint Calidris minuta vagrant
Red-necked stint Calidris ruficollis
Long-toed stint Calidris subminuta
Temminck's stint Calidris temminckii vagrant
White-rumped sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis vagrant
Baird's sandpiper Calidris bairdii vagrant
Pectoral sandpiper Calidris melanotos
Sharp-tailed sandpiper Calidris acuminata
Dunlin Calidris alpina vagrant
Curlew sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Stilt sandpiper Calidris himantopus vagrant
Buff-breasted sandpiper Calidris subruficollis vagrant
Broad-billed sandpiper Calidris falcinellus
Ruff Calidris pugnax
Wilson's phalarope Steganopus tricolor vagrant
Red-necked phalarope Phalaropus lobatus
Grey phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius vagrant

Buttonquail[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Turnicidae

7 species recorded [7 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Red-backed buttonquail Turnix maculosus
Black-breasted buttonquail Turnix melanogaster
Chestnut-backed buttonquail Turnix castanotus
Buff-breasted buttonquail Turnix olivii
Painted buttonquail Turnix varius
Red-chested buttonquail Turnix pyrrhothorax
Little buttonquail Turnix velox

Pratincoles[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Glareolidae

3 species recorded [2 extant native, 1 vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Oriental pratincole Glareola maldivarum
Collared pratincole Glareola pratincola vagrant
Australian pratincole Stiltia isabella
Australian pratincole - Fogg Dam - Middle Point - Northern Territory - Australia

Skuas[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae

5 species recorded [5 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
South polar skua Stercorarius maccormicki
Brown skua Stercorarius antarcticus
Pomarine jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus
Arctic jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed jaeger Stercorarius longicauda

Gulls and terns[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Laridae

35 species recorded [25 extant native, 10 vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Common noddy Anous stolidus
Black noddy Anous minutus
Lesser noddy Anous tenuirostris
White tern Gygis alba Lord Howe, Norfolk & Cocos (Keeling) Islands; mainland vagrant
Grey ternlet Procelsterna cerulea Lord Howe & Norfolk Island; mainland vagrant
Bridled tern Onychoprion anaethetus
Sooty tern Onychoprion fuscata
Aleutian tern Onychoprion aleuticus vagrant
Little tern Sternula albifrons
Fairy tern Sternula nereis
Saunders's tern Sternula saundersi Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Gull-billed tern Gelochelidon nilotica Australian spp. macrotarsa may be split; Asian spp. affinis is a mainland vagrant
Caspian tern Hydroprogne caspia
Whiskered tern Chlidonias hybrida
White-winged black tern Chlidonias leucopterus
Black tern Chlidonias niger vagrant
Roseate tern Sterna dougallii
White-fronted tern Sterna striata
Black-naped tern Sterna sumatrana
Common tern Sterna hirundo
Arctic tern Sterna paradisaea
Antarctic tern Sterna vittata Macquarie & Heard Island; mainland vagrant
Lesser crested tern Thalasseus bengalensis
Crested tern Thalasseus bergii
Pacific gull Larus pacificus
Slaty-backed gull Larus schistisagus vagrant
Lesser black-backed gull Larus fuscus vagrant, Cocos (Keeling) Islands & possibly mainland
Kelp gull Larus dominicanus
Mew gull Larus canus vagrant, Christmas Island
Black-tailed gull Larus crassirostris vagrant
Laughing gull Leucophaeus atricilla vagrant
Franklin's gull Leucophaeus pipixcan vagrant
Silver gull Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae
Black-headed gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus vagrant
Sabine's gull Xema sabini vagrant

Parrots and allies[edit]

Order: Psittaciformes   Families: Strigopidae, Cacatuidae and Psittaculidae

61 species recorded [57 extant native, 4 extinct]]

Common name Binomial Notes
Norfolk kaka Nestor productus extinct, Norfolk Island
Palm cockatoo Probosciger aterrimus
Red-tailed black cockatoo Calyptorhynchus banksii
Glossy black cockatoo Calyptorhynchus lathami
Yellow-tailed black cockatoo Calyptorhynchus funereus
Carnaby's black cockatoo Calyptorhynchus latirostris
Baudin's black cockatoo Calyptorhynchus baudinii
Gang-gang cockatoo Callocephalon fimbriatum
Major Mitchell's cockatoo Lophochroa leadbeateri
Galah Eolophus roseicapilla
Long-billed corella Cacatua tenuirostris
Western corella Cacatua pastinator
Little corella Cacatua sanguinea
Sulphur-crested cockatoo Cacatua galerita
Cockatiel Nymphicus hollandicus
Rainbow lorikeet Trichoglossus moluccanus
Red-collared lorikeet Trichoglossus rubritorquis
Coconut lorikeet Trichoglossus haematodus Torres Strait
Scaly-breasted lorikeet Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus
Varied lorikeet Psitteuteles versicolor
Musk lorikeet Glossopsitta concinna
Little lorikeet Glossopsitta pusilla
Purple-crowned lorikeet Glossopsitta porphyrocephala
Double-eyed fig parrot Cyclopsitta diophthalma
Eclectus parrot Eclectus roratus
Red-cheeked parrot Geoffroyus geoffroyi
Australian king parrot Alisterus scapularis
Red-winged parrot Aprosmictus erythropterus
Superb parrot Polytelis swainsonii
Regent parrot Polytelis anthopeplus
Princess parrot Polytelis alexandrae
Green rosella Platycercus caledonicus
Crimson rosella Platycercus elegans
Eastern rosella Platycercus eximius
Pale-headed rosella Platycercus adscitus
Northern rosella Platycercus venustus
Western rosella Platycercus icterotis
Australian ringneck Barnardius zonarius
Red-capped parrot Purpureicephalus spurius
Eastern bluebonnet Northiella haematogaster
Naretha bluebonnet Northiella narethae
Swift parrot Lathamus discolor
Red-rumped parrot Psephotus haematonotus
Mulga parrot Psephotus varius
Golden-shouldered parrot Psephotus chrysopterygius
Hooded parrot Psephotus dissimilis
Paradise parrot Psephotus pulcherrimus extinct
Norfolk parakeet Cyanoramphus cookii Norfolk Island
Lord Howe parakeet Cyanoramphus subflavescens extinct, Lord Howe Island
Red-crowned parakeet Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae extirpated, Macquarie Island
Budgerigar Melopsittacus undulatus
Bourke's parrot Neopsephotus bourkii
Blue-winged parrot Neophema chrysostoma
Elegant parrot Neophema elegans
Rock parrot Neophema petrophila
Orange-bellied parrot Neophema chrysogaster
Turquoise parrot Neophema pulchella
Scarlet-chested parrot Neophema splendida
Eastern ground parrot Pezoporus wallicus
Western ground parrot Pezoporus flaviventris
Night parrot Pezoporus occidentalis

Cuckoos[edit]

Order: Cuculiformes   Family: Cuculidae


Common name Binomial Notes
Lesser coucal Centropus bengalensis vagrant, Ashmore Reef
Pheasant coucal Centropus phasianinus
Asian koel Eudynamys scolopaceus vagrant, Christmas, Barrow Island, WA & Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Eastern koel Eudynamys orientalis
Long-tailed cuckoo Eudynamys taitensis vagrant, Lord Howe & Norfolk Island
Channel-billed cuckoo Scythrops novaehollandiae
Horsfield's bronze cuckoo Chalcites basalis
Black-eared cuckoo Chalcites osculans
Shining bronze cuckoo Chalcites lucidus
Little bronze cuckoo Chalcites minutillus
Pallid cuckoo Cacomantis pallidus
Chestnut-breasted cuckoo Cacomantis castaneiventris
Fan-tailed cuckoo Cacomantis flabelliformis
Brush cuckoo Cacomantis variolosus
Oriental cuckoo Cuculus optatus
Indian cuckoo Cuculus micropterus vagrant, Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Hodgson's hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx nisicolor vagrant, Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Large hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides vagrant, Christmas Island

True owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Strigidae

9 species recorded [6 extant native, 3 vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Powerful owl Ninox strenua
Rufous owl Ninox rufa
Barking owl Ninox connivens
Southern boobook Ninox boobook
Morepork Ninox novaeseelandiae
Northern boobook Ninox japonica vagrant
Christmas boobook Ninox natalis Christmas Island
Buffy fish owl Bubo ketupu vagrant, Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Oriental scops-owl Otis sunia vagrant, Barrow Island, WA

Barn owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Tytonidae

5 species recorded [5 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Greater sooty owl Tyto tenebricosa
Lesser sooty owl Tyto multipunctata
Australian masked owl Tyto novaehollandiae
Eastern barn owl Tyto delicatula
Eastern grass owl Tyto longimembris

Kingfishers[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae

14 species recorded [10 extant native, 4 vagrant], 1 unconfirmed

Common name Binomial Notes
Common kingfisher Alcedo atthis vagrant, Christmas & Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Azure kingfisher Ceyx azureus
Little kingfisher Ceyx pusillus
Buff-breasted paradise kingfisher Tanysiptera sylvia
Little paradise kingfisher Tanysiptera hydrocharis vagrant, Torres Strait
Common paradise kingfisher Tanysiptera galatea possible vagrant, Torres Strait
Laughing kookaburra Dacelo novaeguineae
Blue-winged kookaburra Dacelo leachii
Yellow-billed kingfisher Syma torotoro
Forest kingfisher Todiramphus macleayii
Red-backed kingfisher Todiramphus pyrrhopygia
Sacred kingfisher Todiramphus sanctus
Torresian kingfisher Todiramphus sordidus
Collared kingfisher Todiramphus chloris vagrant
Black-capped kingfisher Halcyon pileata vagrant

Bee-eaters[edit]

Rainbow bee-eater

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Meropidae

1 species recorded [1 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Rainbow bee-eater Merops ornatus

Rollers[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Coraciidae

2 species recorded [1 extant native, 1 vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis
European roller Coracias garrulus vagrant, Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Hoopoes[edit]

Order: Bucerotiformes   Family: Upupidae

1 species recorded [1 vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Eurasian hoopoe Upupa epops vagrant

Passerines[edit]

Pittas[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pittidae

6 species recorded [3 extant native, 3 vagrant]]

Common name Binomial Notes
Papuan pitta Erythropitta macklotii
Blue-winged pitta Pitta moluccensis vagrant
Noisy pitta Pitta versicolor
Rainbow pitta Pitta iris
Hooded pitta Pitta sordida vagrant, Barrow Island, WA
Fairy pitta Pitta nympha vagrant

Lyrebirds[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Menuridae

2 species [2 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Albert's lyrebird Menura alberti
Superb lyrebird Menura novaehollandiae

Scrubbirds[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Atrichornithidae

2 species recorded [2 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Rufous scrubbird Atrichornis rufescens
Noisy scrubbird Atrichornis clamosus

Australasian treecreepers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Climacteridae

6 species recorded [6 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
White-throated treecreeper Cormobates leucophaea
White-browed treecreeper Climacteris affinis
Red-browed treecreeper Climacteris erythrops
Brown treecreeper Climacteris picumnus
Black-tailed treecreeper Climacteris melanura
Rufous treecreeper Climacteris rufa

Bowerbirds and catbirds[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Ptilonorhynchidae

11 species recorded [11 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Spotted catbird Ailuroedus maculosus
Green catbird Ailuroedus crassirostris
Black-eared catbird Ailuroedus melanotis
Tooth-billed bowerbird Scenopoeetes dentirostris
Golden bowerbird Amblyornis newtonianus
Regent bowerbird Sericulus chrysocephalus
Satin bowerbird Ptilonorhynchus violaceus
Spotted bowerbird Ptilonorhynchus maculatus
Western bowerbird Ptilonorhynchus guttatus
Great bowerbird Ptilonorhynchus nuchalis
Fawn-breasted bowerbird Ptilonorhynchus cerviniventris

Fairywrens, emu-wrens and grasswrens[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Maluridae

24 species recorded [24 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Superb fairywren Malurus cyaneus
Splendid fairywren Malurus splendens
Purple-crowned fairywren Malurus coronatus
Red-backed fairywren Malurus melanocephalus
White-winged fairywren Malurus leucopterus
Purple-backed fairywren Malurus assimilis
Variegated fairywren Malurus lamberti
Lovely fairywren Malurus amabilis
Blue-breasted fairywren Malurus pulcherrimus
Red-winged fairywren Malurus elegans
Southern emu-wren Stipiturus malachurus
Mallee emu-wren Stipiturus mallee
Rufous-crowned emu-wren Stipiturus ruficeps
Grey grasswren Amytornis barbatus
Striated grasswren Amytornis striatus
Short-tailed grasswren Amytornis merrotsyi
White-throated grasswren Amytornis woodwardi
Carpentarian grasswren Amytornis dorotheae
Thick-billed grasswren Amytornis modestus
Western grasswren Amytornis textilis
Dusky grasswren Amytornis purnelli
Kalkadoon grasswren Amytornis ballarae
Eyrean grasswren Amytornis goyderi
Black grasswren Amytornis housei

Bristlebirds[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Dasyornithidae

3 species recorded [3 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Eastern bristlebird Dasyornis brachypterus
Western bristlebird Dasyornis longirostris
Rufous bristlebird Dasyornis broadbenti

Scrubwrens, thornbills and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acanthizidae

43 species recorded [41 extant native, 1 extinct native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Pilotbird Pycnoptilus floccosus
Rockwarbler Origma solitaria
Fernwren Oreoscopus gutturalis
Yellow-throated scrubwren Sericornis citreogularis
Spotted scrubwren Sericornis maculatus
White-browed scrubwren Sericornis frontalis
Tasmanian scrubwren Sericornis humilis
Atherton scrubwren Sericornis keri
Large-billed scrubwren Sericornis magnirostra
Tropical scrubwren Sericornis beccarii
Scrubtit Acanthornis magna
Chestnut-rumped heathwren Hylacola pyrrhopygia
Shy heathwren Hylacola cauta
Striated fieldwren Calamanthus fuliginosus
Rufous fieldwren Calamanthus campestris
Redthroat Pyrrholaemus brunneus
Speckled warbler Chthonicola sagittatus
Weebill Smicrornis brevirostris
Brown gerygone Gerygone mouki
Norfolk Island gerygone Gerygone modesta Norfolk Island
Lord Howe gerygone Gerygone insularis extinct, Lord Howe Island
Mangrove gerygone Gerygone levigaster
Western gerygone Gerygone fusca
Dusky gerygone Gerygone tenebrosa
Large-billed gerygone Gerygone magnirostris
Green-backed gerygone Gerygone chloronota
Fairy gerygone Gerygone palpebrosa
White-throated gerygone Gerygone albogularis
Slaty-backed thornbill Acanthiza robustirostris
Striated thornbill Acanthiza lineata
Yellow thornbill Acanthiza nana
Yellow-rumped thornbill Acanthiza chrysorrhoa
Chestnut-rumped thornbill Acanthiza uropygialis
Buff-rumped thornbill Acanthiza reguloides
Western thornbill Acanthiza inornata
Slender-billed thornbill Acanthiza iredalei
Tasmanian thornbill Acanthiza ewingii
Inland thornbill Acanthiza apicalis
Brown thornbill Acanthiza pusilla
Mountain thornbill Acanthiza katherina
Southern whiteface Aphelocephala leucopsis
Chestnut-breasted whiteface Aphelocephala pectoralis
Banded whiteface Aphelocephala nigricincta

Pardalotes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pardalotidae

4 species recorded [4 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Spotted pardalote Pardalotus punctatus
Forty-spotted pardalote Pardalotus quadragintus
Red-browed pardalote Pardalotus rubricatus
Striated pardalote Pardalotus striatus

Honeyeaters[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Meliphagidae

75 species recorded [75 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Eastern spinebill Acanthorhynchus tenuirostris
Western spinebill Acanthorhynchus superciliosus
Pied honeyeater Certhionyx variegatus
Lewin's honeyeater Meliphaga lewinii
Yellow-spotted honeyeater Meliphaga notata
Graceful honeyeater Meliphaga gracilis
White-lined honeyeater Meliphaga albilineata
Kimberley honeyeater Meliphaga fordiana
Bridled honeyeater Bolemoreus frenatus
Eungella honeyeater Bolemoreus hindwoodi
Yellow-faced honeyeater Caligavis chrysops
Singing honeyeater Gavicalis virescens
Varied honeyeater Gavicalis versicolor
Mangrove honeyeater Gavicalis fasciogularis
White-gaped honeyeater Stomiopera unicolor
Yellow honeyeater Stomiopera flava
White-eared honeyeater Nesoptilotis leucotis
Yellow-throated honeyeater Nesoptilotis flavicollis
Yellow-tufted honeyeater Lichenostomus melanops
Purple-gaped honeyeater Lichenostomus cratitius
Grey-headed honeyeater Ptilotula keartlandi
Yellow-plumed honeyeater Ptilotula ornata
Grey-fronted honeyeater Ptilotula plumula
Fuscous honeyeater Ptilotula fusca
Yellow-tinted honeyeater Ptilotula flavescens
White-plumed honeyeater Ptilotula penicillata
White-fronted honeyeater Purnella albifrons
Bell miner Manorina melanophrys
Noisy miner Manorina melanocephala
Black-eared miner Manorina melanotis
Yellow-throated miner Manorina flavigula
Spiny-cheeked honeyeater Acanthagenys rufogularis
Western wattlebird Anthochaera lunulata
Little wattlebird Anthochaera chrysoptera
Regent honeyeater Anthochaera phrygia
Red wattlebird Anthochaera carunculata
Yellow wattlebird Anthochaera paradoxa
Brown-backed honeyeater Ramsayornis modestus
Bar-breasted honeyeater Ramsayornis fasciatus
Rufous-banded honeyeater Conopophila albogularis
Rufous-throated honeyeater Conopophila rufogularis
Grey honeyeater Conopophila whitei
Black honeyeater Sugomel niger
Dusky honeyeater Myzomela obscura
Red-headed honeyeater Myzomela erythrocephala
Scarlet honeyeater Myzomela sanguinolenta
Green-backed honeyeater Glycichaera fallax
Tawny-crowned honeyeater Gliciphila melanops
Banded honeyeater Cissomela pectoralis
Brown honeyeater Lichmera indistincta
Crescent honeyeater Phylidonyris pyrrhoptera
New Holland honeyeater Phylidonyris novaehollandiae
White-cheeked honeyeater Phylidonyris nigra
White-streaked honeyeater Trichodere cockerelli
Black-chinned honeyeater Melithreptus gularis
Strong-billed honeyeater Melithreptus validirostris
Brown-headed honeyeater Melithreptus brevirostris
White-throated honeyeater Melithreptus albogularis
White-naped honeyeater Melithreptus lunatus
Gilbert's honeyeater Melithreptus chloropsis
Black-headed honeyeater Melithreptus affinis
Blue-faced honeyeater Entomyzon cyanotis
Helmeted friarbird Philemon buceroides
Silver-crowned friarbird Philemon argenticeps
Noisy friarbird Philemon corniculatus
Little friarbird Philemon citreogularis
Macleay's honeyeater Xanthotis macleayana
Tawny-breasted honeyeater Xanthotis flaviventer
Striped honeyeater Plectorhyncha lanceolata
Painted honeyeater Grantiella picta
Crimson chat Epthianura tricolor
Orange chat Epthianura aurifrons
Yellow chat Epthianura crocea
White-fronted chat Epthianura albifrons
Gibberbird Ashbyia lovensis

Babblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pomatostomidae

4 species recorded [4 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Grey-crowned babbler Pomatostomus temporalis
Hall's babbler Pomatostomus halli
White-browed babbler Pomatostomus superciliosus
Chestnut-crowned babbler Pomatostomus ruficeps

Logrunner and chowchilla[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Orthonychidae

2 species recorded [2 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Australian logrunner Orthonyx temminckii
Chowchilla Orthonyx spaldingii

Quail-thrush, whipbirds and wedgebills[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Psophodidae

12 species recorded [12 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Spotted quail-thrush Cinclosoma punctatum
Chestnut quail-thrush Cinclosoma castanotum
Cinnamon quail-thrush Cinclosoma cinnamomeum
Copperback quail-thrush Cinclosoma clarum
Nullarbor quail-thrush Cinclosoma alisteri
Chestnut-breasted quail-thrush Cinclosoma castaneothorax
Western quail-thrush Cinclosoma marginatum
Eastern whipbird Psophodes olivaceus
Black-throated whipbird Psophodes nigrogularis
White-bellied whipbird Psophodes leucogaster
Chirruping wedgebill Psophodes cristatus
Chiming wedgebill Psophodes occidentalis

Sittella[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Neosittidae

1 species recorded [1 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Varied sittella Daphoenositta chrysoptera

Cuckooshrikes and trillers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Campephagidae

8 species recorded [7 extant native, 1 extinct]

Common name Binomial Notes
Ground cuckooshrike Coracina maxima
Black-faced cuckooshrike Coracina novaehollandiae
White-bellied cuckooshrike Coracina papuensis
Barred cuckooshrike Coracina lineata
Common cicadabird Edolisoma tenuirostre
White-winged triller Lalage sueurii
Varied triller Lalage leucomela
Long-tailed triller Lalage leucopyga extirpated, Norfolk Island

Whistlers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pachycephalidae

14 species recorded [14 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Crested shriketit Falcunculus frontatus
Olive whistler Pachycephala olivacea
Red-lored whistler Pachycephala rufogularis
Gilbert's whistler Pachycephala inornata
Golden whistler Pachycephala pectoralis
Mangrove golden whistler Pachycephala melanura
Western whistler Pachycephala occidentalis
Grey whistler Pachycephala simplex
Rufous whistler Pachycephala rufiventris
White-breasted whistler Pachycephala lanioides
Little shrikethrush Colluricincla megarhyncha
Bower's shrikethrush Colluricincla boweri
Sandstone shrikethrush Colluricincla woodwardi
Grey shrikethrush Colluricincla harmonica

Oreoicids[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Oreoicidae

1 species recorded [1 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Crested bellbird Oreoica gutturalis

Figbird and orioles[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Oriolidae

3 species recorded [3 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Australasian figbird Sphecotheres vieilloti
Yellow oriole Oriolus flavocinctus
Olive-backed oriole Oriolus sagittatus

Currawongs, woodswallows, butcherbirds and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Artamidae

15 species recorded [15 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
White-breasted woodswallow Artamus leucorynchus
Masked woodswallow Artamus personatus
White-browed woodswallow Artamus superciliosus
Black-faced woodswallow Artamus cinereus
Dusky woodswallow Artamus cyanopterus
Little woodswallow Artamus minor
Black butcherbird Melloria quoyi
Grey butcherbird Cracticus torquatus
Silver-backed butcherbird Cracticus argenteus
Black-backed butcherbird Cracticus mentalis
Pied butcherbird Cracticus nigrogularis
Australian magpie Gymnorhina tibicen
Pied currawong Strepera graculina
Black currawong Strepera fuliginosa
Grey currawong Strepera versicolor

Drongo[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Dicruridae

1 species recorded [1 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Spangled drongo Dicrurus bracteatus

Fantails[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Rhipiduridae

7 species recorded [6 extant native, 1 extinct]

Common name Binomial Notes
Rufous fantail Rhipidura rufifrons
Arafura fantail Rhipidura dryas
Grey fantail Rhipidura albiscapa includes the Norfolk fantail R. a. pelzeni, which may be a subspecies of R. fuliginosa
New Zealand fantail Rhipidura fuliginosa extirpated, Lord Howe Island; surviving Norfolk birds may be this species
Mangrove grey fantail Rhipidura phasiana
Northern fantail Rhipidura rufiventris
Willie wagtail Rhipidura leucophrys

Shrikes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Laniidae

Common name Binomial Notes
Brown shrike Lanius cristatus vagrant, Christmas Island & Ashmore Reef
Tiger shrike Lanius tigrinus vagrant

Magpie, crows and ravens[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Corvidae

7 species recorded [5 extant native, 1 vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Australian raven Corvus coronoides
Forest raven Corvus tasmanicus
Little raven Corvus mellori
Little crow Corvus bennetti
Torresian crow Corvus orru
House crow Corvus splendens vagrant
Australian magpie Gymnorhina tibicen

Monarch flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Monarchidae

16 species recorded [14 extant native, 2 vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Broad-billed flycatcher Myiagra ruficollis
Leaden flycatcher Myiagra rubecula
Satin flycatcher Myiagra cyanoleuca
Shining flycatcher Myiagra alecto
Restless flycatcher Myiagra inquieta
Paperbark flycatcher Myiagra nana
White-eared monarch Carterornis leucotis
Black-faced monarch Monarcha melanopsis
Black-winged monarch Monarcha frater
Island monarch Monarcha cinerascens vagrant
Spectacled monarch Symposiachrus trivirgatus
Magpie-lark Grallina cyanoleuca
Frill-necked monarch Arses lorealis
Frilled monarch Arses telescophthalmus vagrant, Torres Strait
Pied monarch Arses kaupi
Yellow-breasted boatbill Machaerirhynchus flaviventer

Chough and apostlebird[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Corcoracidae

2 species recorded [2 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
White-winged chough Corcorax melanorhamphos
Apostlebird Struthidea cinerea

Birds of paradise and riflebirds[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Paradisaeidae

4 species recorded [4 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Trumpet manucode Phonygammus keraudrenii
Paradise riflebird Ptiloris paradiseus
Victoria's riflebird Ptiloris victoriae
Magnificent riflebird Ptiloris magnificus

Australasian robins[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Petroicidae

22 species recorded [22 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Jacky winter Microeca fascinans
Lemon-bellied flycatcher Microeca flavigaster
Yellow-legged flycatcher Microeca griseoceps
Pacific robin Petroica multicolor Norfolk Island
Scarlet robin Petroica boodang
Red-capped robin Petroica goodenovii
Flame robin Petroica phoenicea
Rose robin Petroica rosea
Pink robin Petroica rodinogaster
Hooded robin Melanodryas cucullata
Dusky robin Melanodryas vittata
Pale-yellow robin Tregellasia capito
White-faced robin Tregellasia leucops
Eastern yellow robin Eopsaltria australis
Western yellow robin Eopsaltria griseogularis
White-breasted robin Eopsaltria georgiana
Mangrove robin Peneonanthe pulverulenta
Grey-headed robin Heteromyias cinereifrons
White-browed robin Poecilodryas superciliosa
Buff-sided robin Poecilodryas cerviniventris
Northern scrub robin Drymodes superciliaris
Southern scrub robin Drymodes brunneopygia

Larks[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Alaudidae

2 species recorded [1 extant native, 1 introduced]

Common name Binomial Notes
Horsfield's bushlark Mirafra javanica
Eurasian skylark Alauda arvensis introduced

Cisticolas and allies[edit]

Golden-headed cisticola

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cisticolidae

2 species recorded [2 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Zitting cisticola Cisticola juncidis
Golden-headed cisticola Cisticola exilis

Reed warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acrocephalidae

2 species recorded [1 extant native, 1 vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Australian reed warbler Acrocephalus australis
Oriental reed warbler Acrocephalus orientalis vagrant

Grassbirds, songlarks and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Locustellidae

8 species recorded [5 extant native, 3 vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Middendorff's grasshopper warbler Locustella ochotensis vagrant
Pallas's grasshopper warbler Locustella certhiola vagrant, Christmas Island & Ashmore Reef
Gray's grasshopper warbler Locustella fasciolata vagrant, Ashmore Reef & possibly mainland
Little grassbird Poodytes gramineus
Spinifexbird Poodytes carteri
Tawny grassbird Cincloramphus timoriensis
Rufous songlark Cincloramphus mathewsi
Brown songlark Cincloramphus cruralis

Leaf-warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Phylloscopidae

6 species recorded [6 vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Arctic warbler Phylloscopus borealis vagrant
Kamchatka leaf warbler Phylloscopus examinandus vagrant, Ashmore Reef
Yellow-browed warbler Phylloscopus inornatus vagrant, Ashmore Reef
Eastern crowned warbler Phylloscopus coronatus vagrant, Ashmore Reef
Dusky warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus vagrant, Christmas Island
Willow warbler Phylloscopus trochilus vagrant, Ashmore Reef

Bush-warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Scotoceridae

1 species recorded [1 vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Asian stubtail Urosphena squameiceps vagrant, Ashmore Reef

White-eyes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Zosteropidae

7 species recorded [5 extant native, 1 possibly extinct native, 1 extinct native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Christmas Island white-eye Zosterops natalis Christmas Island
Ashy-bellied white-eye Zosterops citrinella
Yellow white-eye Zosterops luteus
Silvereye Zosterops lateralis
Robust white-eye Zosterops strenuus extinct, Lord Howe Island
Slender-billed white-eye Zosterops tenuirostris Norfolk Island
White-chested white-eye Zosterops albogularis possibly extinct, Norfolk Island

Swallows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae

7 species recorded [1 vagrant], 1 unconfirmed

Common name Binomial Notes
White-backed swallow Cheramoeca leucosternus
Barn swallow Hirundo rustica
Pacific swallow Hirundo tahitica possible vagrant
Welcome swallow Hirundo neoxena
Fairy martin Petrochelidon ariel
Tree martin Petrochelidon nigricans
Red-rumped swallow Cecropis daurica
Asian house martin Delichon dasypus vagrant, Christmas & Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Bulbuls[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pycnonotidae

1 species recorded [1 introduced]

Common name Binomial Notes
Red-whiskered bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus introduced

Old World flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Muscicapidae

9 species recorded [9 vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Blue rock thrush Monticola solitarius vagrant
Isabelline wheatear Oenanthe isabellina vagrant
Siberian blue robin Larvivora cyane vagrant, Ashmore Reef
Narcissus flycatcher Ficedula narcissina vagrant, Ashmore Reef, Barrow Island, WA & Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Mugimaki flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki vagrant, Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Blue-and-white flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana vagrant
Dark-sided flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica vagrant
Grey-streaked flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta vagrant, Ashmore Reef & Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Asian brown flycatcher Muscicapa dauurica vagrant, Ashmore Reef, Browse & Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Thrushes and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Turdidae

7 species recorded [3 extant native, 2 introduced, 2 vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Bassian thrush Zoothera lunulata
Russet-tailed thrush Zoothera heinei
Blackbird Turdus merula introduced
Island thrush Turdus poliocephalus Christmas Island
Song thrush Turdus philomelos introduced
Eye-browed thrush Turdus obscurus vagrant
Siberian thrush Geokichla sibirica vagrant, Ashmore Reef

Starlings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sturnidae

8 species recorded [2 extant native, 2 introduced, 3 vagrant, 1 extinct native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Singing starling Aplonis cantoroides Torres Strait
Tasman starling Aplonis fusca extinct, Lord Howe & Norfolk Island
Metallic starling Aplonis metallica
Common starling Sturnus vulgaris introduced
Purple-backed starling Agropsar sturninus vagrant, Christmas & Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Chestnut-cheeked starling Agropsar philippensis vagrant, Ashmore Reef
Rosy starling Pastor roseus vagrant
Common myna Acridotheres tristis introduced

Flowerpeckers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Dicaeidae

2 species recorded [2 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Red-capped flowerpecker Dicaeum geelvinkianum Torres Strait
Mistletoebird Dicaeum hirundinaceum

Sunbirds and spiderhunters[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Nectariniidae

1 species recorded [1 extant native]

Common name Binomial Notes
Olive-backed sunbird Nectarinia jugularis

Australasian finches, firetails and waxbills[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Estrildidae

21 species recorded [18 extant native, 1 introduced, 1 vagrant, 1 both introduced and vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Zebra finch Taeniopygia guttata
Double-barred finch Taeniopygia bichenovii
Long-tailed finch Poephila acuticauda
Black-throated finch Poephila cincta
Masked finch Poephila personata
Crimson finch Neochmia phaeton
Star finch Neochmia ruficauda
Plum-headed finch Neochmia modesta
Red-browed finch Neochmia temporalis
Diamond firetail Stagonopleura guttata
Beautiful firetail Stagonopleura bella
Red-eared firetail Stagonopleura oculata
Painted finch Emblema pictum
Blue-faced parrotfinch Erythrura trichroa
Gouldian finch Erythrura gouldiae
Nutmeg mannikin Lonchura punctulata introduced, mainland; vagrant, Ashmore Reef
Pale-headed munia Lonchura pallida vagrant, Ashmore Reef
Yellow-rumped mannikin Lonchura flaviprymna
Chestnut-breasted mannikin Lonchura castaneothorax
Java sparrow Lonchura oryzivora introduced, Christmas Island
Pictorella mannikin Heteromunia pectoralis

Old World sparrows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae

2 species recorded [2 introduced]

Common name Binomial Notes
House sparrow Passer domesticus introduced
Eurasian tree sparrow Passer montanus introduced

Wagtails and pipits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae


8 species recorded [2 extant native, 6 vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Australasian pipit Anthus novaeseelandiae
Red-throated pipit Anthus cervinus vagrant
Pechora pipit Anthus gustavi vagrant, Ashmore Reef & Browse Island
Eastern yellow wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis
Citrine wagtail Motacilla citreola vagrant
Grey wagtail Motacilla cinerea vagrant
White wagtail Motacilla alba vagrant
Forest wagtail Dendronanthus indicus vagrant

Finches, crossbills and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae

4 species recorded [3 introduced, 1 introduced vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Common chaffinch Fringilla coelebs vagrant from introduced NZ population, Macquarie, Lord Howe & Norfolk Island
European goldfinch Carduelis carduelis introduced
Common redpoll Acanthis flammea self-introduced, Macquarie Island & vagrant, Lord Howe Island; in both cases, from introduced NZ population
European greenfinch Chloris chloris introduced

Buntings, seedeaters and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae

1 species recorded [1 introduced vagrant]

Common name Binomial Notes
Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella vagrant from introduced NZ population, Lord Howe Island & possibly Macquarie Island

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Christidis, Leslie; Boles, Walter (2008). Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. Melbourne: CSIRO. ISBN 978-0-643-09602-8.
  2. ^ Christidis, Leslie; Boles, Walter (1994). The Taxonomy and Species of Birds of Australia and its Territories. Royal Australasian Ornithologists Union. ISBN 978-1-875122-06-6.
  3. ^ "Birds Australia Checklist". Birds Australia. Retrieved 2010-01-04.