List of birds of Bangladesh
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|Wildlife of Bangladesh|
This is a list of the bird species recorded in Bangladesh. The avifauna of Bangladesh include a total of 466 species, of which one has been introduced by humans, and twelve are rare or accidental. Three species listed are extirpated in Bangladesh and are not included in the species count. Thirty-five species are globally threatened.
This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Bangladesh.
The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. The commonly occurring native species do not fall into any of these categories.
- (A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Bangladesh
- (I) Introduced - a species introduced to Bangladesh as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions
- (Ex) Extirpated - a species that no longer occurs in Bangladesh although populations exist elsewhere
Grebes are small to medium-large freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. There are 20 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Bangladesh.
The storm petrels are relatives of the petrels and are the smallest seabirds. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. There are 21 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Bangladesh.
- Black-bellied storm petrel, Fregetta tropica
Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their heads and long wings have black markings.
- Red-tailed tropicbird, Phaethon rubricauda
Boobies and gannets
- Red-footed booby, Sula sula
Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium to large coastal, fish-eating seabirds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies, with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black-and-white and a few being colourful.
- Indian cormorant, Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
- Great cormorant, Phalacrocorax carbo
- Little cormorant, Microcarbo niger
Darters are often called "snake-birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged. The males have black and dark-brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. The females have much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. The darters have completely webbed feet and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving.
- Oriental darter, Anhinga melanogaster
Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under their beak. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes.
- Spot-billed pelican, Pelecanus philippensis
Bitterns, herons and egrets
The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted, unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises and spoonbills. There are 61 species worldwide and 17 species which occur in Bangladesh. (Note: in Bangla short-legged, short beaked herons and egrets are called Bok, all other herons egrets and storks are generically called Sarosh)
- Grey heron, Ardea cinerea
- White-bellied heron, Ardea insignis
- Purple heron, Ardea purpurea
- Eastern great egret, Ardea modesta
- Intermediate egret, Egretta intermedia
- Little egret, Egretta garzetta
- Pacific reef heron, Egretta sacra
- Indian pond heron, Ardeola grayii
- Chinese pond heron, Ardeola bacchus
- Cattle egret, Bubulcus ibis
- Striated heron, Butorides striata
- Black-crowned night heron, Nycticorax nycticorax
- Malayan night heron, Gorsachius melanolophus
- Yellow bittern, Ixobrychus sinensis
- Cinnamon bittern, Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
- Black bittern, Ixobrychus flavicollis
- Great bittern, Botaurus stellaris
Ibises and spoonbills
Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers.
Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are mute, but bill-clattering is an important mode of communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory.
- Painted stork, Mycteria leucocephala (A)
- Asian openbill, Anastomus oscitans
- Black stork, Ciconia nigra
- Woolly-necked stork, Ciconia episcopus
- White stork, Ciconia ciconia
- Oriental stork, Ciconia boyciana
- Black-necked stork, Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus (A)
- Lesser adjutant, Leptoptilos javanicus
- Greater adjutant, Leptoptilos dubius (A)
Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet (0.9 to 1.5 m) tall, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Their oddly shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume and, uniquely, are used upside-down. There are 6 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Bangladesh.
- Greater flamingo, Phoenicopterus roseus
Ducks, geese and swans
Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These birds are adapted to an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating.
- Lesser whistling duck, Dendrocygna javanica
- White-winged duck, Cairina scutulata
- Comb duck, Sarkidiornis melanotos
- Cotton pygmy goose, Nettapus coromandelianus
- Falcated duck, Anas falcata
- Northern pintail, Anas acuta
- Garganey, Anas querquedula
- Red-crested pochard, Netta rufina
- Common pochard, Aythya ferina
- Ferruginous pochard, Aythya nyroca
- Baer's pochard, Aythya baeri
- Greater scaup, Aythya marila
- Common goldeneye, Bucephala clangula
The Pandionidae family contains only one species, the osprey. The osprey is a medium-large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.
- Osprey, Pandion haliaetus
Hawks, kites and eagles
Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey, which includes hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons and keen eyesight.
- Jerdon's baza, Aviceda jerdoni
- Black baza, Aviceda leuphotes
- Crested honey buzzard, Pernis ptilorhynchus
- Black kite, Milvus migrans
- Brahminy kite, Haliastur indus
- White-bellied sea eagle, Haliaeetus leucogaster
- Pallas's fish eagle, Haliaeetus leucoryphus
- Grey-headed fish eagle, Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus
- White-rumped vulture, Gyps bengalensis
- Slender-billed vulture, Gyps tenuirostris
- Red-headed vulture, Sarcogyps calvus
- Crested serpent eagle, Spilornis cheela
- Eastern marsh harrier, Circus spilonotus
- Pallid harrier, Circus macrourus
- Pied harrier, Circus melanoleucos
- Crested goshawk, Accipiter trivirgatus
- Japanese sparrowhawk, Accipiter gularis
- Besra, Accipiter virgatus
- Eurasian sparrowhawk, Accipiter nisus
- White-eyed buzzard, Butastur teesa
- Black eagle, Ictinaetus malaiensis
- Lesser spotted eagle, Clanga pomarina
- Greater spotted eagle, Clanga clanga
- Changeable hawk-eagle, Nisaetus cirrhatus
Caracaras and falcons
Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their talons. There are 62 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Bangladesh.
- Collared falconet, Microhierax caerulescens
- Pied falconet, Microhierax melanoleucus
- Oriental hobby, Falco severus
- Laggar falcon, Falco jugger
- Peregrine falcon, Falco peregrinus
Pheasants and partridges
The Phasianidae are a family of terrestrial birds which consists of quail, partridges, snowcocks, francolins, spurfowl, tragopans, monals, pheasants, peafowl and jungle fowl. In general, they are plump (although they vary in size) and have broad, relatively short wings. There are 156 species worldwide and 14 species which occur in Bangladesh.
- Black francolin, Francolinus francolinus
- Swamp francolin, Francolinus gularis
- Rain quail, Coturnix coromandelica
- Blue-breasted quail, Coturnix chinensis
- Jungle bush quail, Perdicula asiatica
- Manipur bush quail, Perdicula manipurensis
- Rufous-throated partridge, Arborophila rufogularis (A)
- White-cheeked partridge, Arborophila atrogularis
- Mountain bamboo partridge, Bambusicola fytchii
- Painted spurfowl, Galloperdix lunulata
- Red junglefowl, Gallus gallus
- Kalij pheasant, Lophura leucomelanos
- Grey peacock-pheasant, Polyplectron bicalcaratum
- Green peafowl, Pavo muticus
Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances". There are 15 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Bangladesh.
Rails, crakes, gallinules and coots
Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, making them difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs and long toes which are well adapted to soft uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and to be weak fliers.
- Brown-cheeked rail, Rallus indicus
- Slaty-legged crake, Rallina eurizonoides
- Slaty-breasted rail, Gallirallus striatus
- White-breasted waterhen, Amaurornis phoenicurus
- Black-tailed crake, Amaurornis bicolor
- Baillon's crake, Porzana pusilla
- Ruddy-breasted crake, Porzana fusca
- Watercock, Gallicrex cinerea
- Grey-headed swamphen, Porphyrio poliocephalus
- Common moorhen, Gallinula chloropus
Sungrebe and finfoots
Heliornithidae is a small family of tropical birds with webbed lobes on their feet similar to those of grebes and coots.
- Masked finfoot, Heliopais personata
Bustards are large terrestrial birds mainly associated with dry open country and steppes in the Old World. They are omnivorous and nest on the ground. They walk steadily on strong legs and big toes, pecking for food as they go. They have long broad wings with "fingered" wingtips and striking patterns in flight. Many have interesting mating displays. There are 26 species worldwide and only 1 species which occurs in Bangladesh.
- Bengal florican, Houbaropsis bengalensis (Ex)
The buttonquails are small, drab, running birds which resemble the true quails. The female is the brighter of the sexes and initiates courtship. The male incubates the eggs and tends the young.
The jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. They are found throughout the tropics. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat. There 8 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Bangladesh.
Painted-snipe are short-legged, long-billed birds similar in shape to the true snipes, but more brightly coloured. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Bangladesh.
- Greater painted-snipe, Rostratula benghalensis
- Eurasian oystercatcher, Haematopus ostralegus
Avocets and stilts
Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. There are 9 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Bangladesh.
The stone-curlews are a group of largely tropical waders in the family Burhinidae. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow-black bills, large yellow eyes and cryptic plumage. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats.
Pratincoles and coursers
Glareolidae is a family of wading birds comprising the pratincoles, which have short legs, long pointed wings and long forked tails, and the coursers, which have long legs, short wings and long, pointed bills which curve downwards. There are 17 species worldwide and only 1 species which occurs in Bangladesh.
- Small pratincole, Glareola lactea
Plovers and lapwings
The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water. There are 66 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Bangladesh.
- River lapwing, Vanellus duvaucelii
- Yellow-wattled lapwing, Vanellus malabaricus
- Grey-headed lapwing, Vanellus cinereus
- Long-billed plover, Charadrius placidus
- Little ringed plover, Charadrius dubius
- Lesser sandplover, Charadrius mongolus
Sandpipers and allies
Scolopacidae is a large diverse family of small to medium-sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of these species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enables multiple species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. There are 9 species which have been recorded in Bangladesh.
- Wood snipe, Gallinago nemoricola
- Pintail snipe, Gallinago stenura
- Swinhoe's snipe, Gallinago megala
- Common snipe, Gallinago gallinago
- Black-tailed godwit, Limosa limosa
- Nordmann's greenshank, Tringa guttifer
- Great knot, Calidris tenuirostris
- Spoon-billed sandpiper, Calidris pygmeus (A)
- Ruff, Calidris pugnax
Skuas and jaegers
The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants.
Gulls, terns, and skimmers
- Black-headed gull, Chroicocephalus ridibundus
- Brown-headed gull, Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus
- Pallas's gull, Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus
- Caspian gull, Larus cachinnans
- Lesser black-backed gull, Larus fuscus
- Gull-billed tern, Gelochelidon nilotica
- Great crested tern, Thalasseus bergii
- Lesser crested tern, Thalasseus bengalensis
- Sandwich tern, Thalasseus sandvicensis
- River tern, Sterna aurantia
- Black-naped tern, Sterna sumatrana
- Common tern, Sterna hirundo
- Black-bellied tern, Sterna acuticauda
- Little tern, Sternula albifrons
- White-winged tern, Chlidonias leucopterus
- Whiskered tern, Chlidonias hybrida
- White tern, Gygis alba
- Lesser noddy, Anous tenuirostris
- Indian skimmer, Rynchops albicollis
Sandgrouse have small, pigeon like heads and necks, but sturdy compact bodies. They have long pointed wings and sometimes tails and a fast direct flight. Flocks fly to watering holes at dawn and dusk. Their legs are feathered down to the toes. There are 16 species worldwide and only 1 species which occurs in Bangladesh.
- Painted sandgrouse, Pterocles indicus
Pigeons and doves
- Rock pigeon, Columba livia
- Pale-capped pigeon, Columba punicea
- Spotted dove, Spilopelia chinensis
- Barred cuckoo-dove, Macropygia unchall
- Orange-breasted green pigeon, Treron bicincta
- Ashy-headed green pigeon, Treron phayerei
- Thick-billed green pigeon, Treron curvirostra
- Yellow-footed green pigeon, Treron phoenicoptera
- Pin-tailed green pigeon, Treron apicauda
- Wedge-tailed green pigeon, Treron sphenura
- Green imperial pigeon, Ducula aenea
Old World parrots
- Alexandrine parakeet, Psittacula eupatria
- Grey-headed parakeet, Psittacula finschii
- Plum-headed parakeet, Psittacula cyanocephala
- Blossom-headed parakeet, Psittacula roseata
- Red-breasted parakeet, Psittacula alexandri
- Vernal hanging parrot, Loriculus vernalis
Cuckoos and anis
- Pied cuckoo, Clamator jacobinus
- Chestnut-winged cuckoo, Clamator coromandus
- Large hawk-cuckoo, Hierococcyx sparverioides
- Common hawk-cuckoo, Hierococcyx varius
- Hodgson's hawk-cuckoo, Hierococcyx nisicolor
- Himalayan cuckoo, Cuculus saturatus
- Indian cuckoo, Cuculus micropterus
- Lesser cuckoo, Cuculus poliocephalus
- Banded bay cuckoo, Cacomantis sonneratii
- Plaintive cuckoo, Cacomantis merulinus
- Asian emerald cuckoo, Chrysococcyx maculatus
- Violet cuckoo, Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
- Square-tailed drongo-cuckoo, Surniculus lugubris
- Fork-tailed drongo-cuckoo, Surniculus dicruroides
- Asian koel, Eudynamys scolopacea
- Green-billed malkoha, Phaenicophaeus tristis
- Sirkeer malkoha, Phaenicophaeus leschenaultii
- Lesser coucal, Centropus bengalensis
Barn owls are medium to large owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. There are 16 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Bangladesh, (Bangla: pecha).
The typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk.
- Indian scops owl, Otus bakkamoena
- Collared scops owl, Otus lettia
- Rock eagle-owl, Bubo bengalensis
- Spot-bellied eagle-owl, Bubo nipalensis
- Dusky eagle-owl, Bubo coromandus
- Brown fish owl, Ketupa zeylonensis
- Tawny fish owl, Ketupa flavipes
- Buffy fish owl, Ketupa ketupu (A)
- Collared owlet, Glaucidium brodiei
- Asian barred owlet, Glaucidium cuculoides
- Jungle owlet, Glaucidium radiatum
- Spotted owlet, Athene brama
- Brown hawk-owl, Ninox scutulata
The frogmouths are a group of nocturnal birds related to the nightjars. They are named for their large flattened hooked bill and huge frog-like gape, which they use to take insects. There are 12 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Bangladesh.
- Hodgson's frogmouth, Batrachostomus hodgsoni
Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds that usually nest on the ground. They have long wings, short legs and very short bills. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves. There are 86 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Bangladesh.
- Great eared nightjar, Eurostopodus macrotis
- Large-tailed nightjar, Caprimulgus macrurus
- Indian nightjar, Caprimulgus asiaticus
Swifts are small birds which spend the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang. There are 6 species which have been recorded in Bangladesh.
- Himalayan swiftlet, Aerodramus brevirostris
- Silver-backed needletail, Hirundapus cochinchinensis
- Brown-backed needletail, Hirundapus giganteus
- Asian palm swift, Cypsiurus balasiensis
- Blyth's swift, Apus leuconyx
- Little swift, Apus affinis
The treeswifts, also called crested swifts, are closely related to the true swifts. They differ from the other swifts in that they have crests, long forked tails and softer plumage. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Bangladesh.
- Crested treeswift, Hemiprocne coronata
Trogons and quetzals
The family Trogonidae includes trogons and quetzals. Found in tropical woodlands worldwide, they feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. Trogons have soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage. There are 33 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Bangladesh.
- Red-headed trogon, Harpactes erythrocephalus
- Blyth's kingfisher, Alcedo hercules
- Common kingfisher, Alcedo atthis
- Blue-eared kingfisher, Alcedo meninting
- Black-backed kingfisher, Ceyx erithacus
- Brown-winged kingfisher, Pelargopsis amauropterus
- Stork-billed kingfisher, Pelargopsis capensis
- Ruddy kingfisher, Halcyon coromanda
- White-throated kingfisher, Halcyon smyrnensis
- Black-capped kingfisher, Halcyon pileata
- Collared kingfisher, Todirhamphus chloris
- Crested kingfisher, Megaceryle lugubris
The bee-eaters are a group of near passerine birds in the family Meropidae. Most species are found in Africa but others occur in southern Europe, Madagascar, Australia and New Guinea. They are characterised by richly coloured plumage, slender bodies and usually elongated central tail feathers. All are colourful and have long downturned bills and pointed wings, which give them a swallow-like appearance when seen from afar. There are 26 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Bangladesh.
- Blue-bearded bee-eater, Nyctyornis athertoni
- Green bee-eater, Merops orientalis
- Blue-tailed bee-eater, Merops philippinus
- Chestnut-headed bee-eater, Merops leschenaulti
Rollers resemble crows in size and build, but are more closely related to the kingfishers and bee-eaters. They share the colourful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. The two inner front toes are connected, but the outer toe is not. There are 12 species worldwide and only 1 species which occurs in Bangladesh.
- Dollarbird, Eurystomus orientalis
Hoopoes have black, white and orangey-pink colouring with a large erectile crest on their head. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Bangladesh.
- Hoopoe, Upupa epops
Hornbills are a group of birds whose bill is shaped like a cow's horn, but without a twist, sometimes with a casque on the upper mandible. Frequently, the bill is brightly coloured. There are 57 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Bangladesh.
- Indian grey hornbill, Ocyceros birostris
- Oriental pied hornbill, Anthracoceros albirostris
- Great hornbill, Buceros bicornis
- Rufous-necked hornbill, Aceros nipalensis
- Wreathed hornbill, Aceros undulatus
The barbets are plump birds, with short necks and large heads. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. Most species are brightly coloured.
- Brown-headed barbet, Psilopogon zeylanicus
- Lineated barbet, Psilopogon lineatus
- Golden-throated barbet, Psilopogon franklinii
- Blue-throated barbet, Psilopogon asiaticus
- Blue-eared barbet, Psilopogon duvaucelii
- Coppersmith barbet, Psilopogon haemacephalus
Woodpeckers and allies
Woodpeckers are small to medium-sized birds with chisel-like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks.
- Eurasian wryneck, Jynx torquilla
- Speckled piculet, Picumnus innominatus
- White-browed piculet, Sasia ochracea
- Grey-capped pygmy woodpecker, Yungipicus canicapillus
- Fulvous-breasted woodpecker, Dendrocopos macei
- Rufous-bellied woodpecker, Dendrocopos hyperythrus
- Crimson-breasted woodpecker, Dryobates cathpharius
- Rufous woodpecker, Micropternus brachyurus
- Lesser yellownape, Picus chlorolophus
- Laced woodpecker, Picus vittatus
- Greater yellownape, Chrysophlegma flavinucha
- Himalayan flameback, Dinopium shorii
- Common flameback, Dinopium javanense
- Black-rumped flameback, Dinopium benghalense
- Greater flameback, Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus
- Pale-headed woodpecker, Gecinulus grantia
- Bay woodpecker, Blythipicus pyrrhotis
- Heart-spotted woodpecker, Hemicircus canente
- Great slaty woodpecker, Mulleripicus pulverulentus
The broadbills are small, brightly coloured birds, which feed on fruit and also take insects in flycatcher fashion, snapping their broad bills. Their habitat is canopies of wet forests. There are 15 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Bangladesh.
Pittas are medium-sized by passerine standards and are stocky, with fairly long, strong legs, short tails and stout bills. Many are brightly coloured. They spend the majority of their time on wet forest floors, eating snails, insects and similar invertebrates.
- Eared pitta, Hydrornis phayrei (A)
- Blue-naped pitta, Hydrornis nipalensis
- Blue pitta, Hydrornis cyanea
- Hooded pitta, Pitta sordida
- Mangrove pitta, Pitta megarhyncha
Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. Their food is insects and seeds..
- Bengal bushlark, Mirafra assamica
- Hume's short-toed lark, Calandrella acutirostris
- Sand lark, Alaudala raytal
- Oriental skylark, Alauda gulgula
Swallows and martins
The family Hirundinidae is adapted to aerial feeding. They have a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and a short bill with a wide gape. The feet are adapted to perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. There are 75 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Bangladesh.
- Grey-throated martin, Riparia chinensis
- Barn swallow, Hirundo rustica
- Striated swallow, Cecropis striolata
- Common house martin, Delichon urbica
- Asian house martin, Delichon dasypus
Wagtails and pipits
Motacillidae is a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country. There are 54 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Bangladesh.
- Forest wagtail, Dendronanthus indicus
- Citrine wagtail, Motacilla citreola
- Oriental pipit, Anthus rufulus
- Tree pipit, Anthus trivialis
- Rosy pipit, Anthus roseatus
- Water pipit, Anthus spinoletta
The cuckooshrikes are small to medium-sized passerine birds. They are predominantly greyish with white and black, although some species are brightly coloured.
- Large cuckooshrike, Coracina macei
- Black-winged cuckooshrike, Coracina melaschistos
- Rosy minivet, Pericrocotus roseus
- Small minivet, Pericrocotus cinnamomeus
- Long-tailed minivet, Pericrocotus ethologus
- Short-billed minivet, Pericrocotus brevirostris
- Scarlet minivet, Pericrocotus flammeus
- Grey-chinned minivet, Pericrocotus solaris
Bulbuls are medium-sized songbirds. Some are colourful with yellow, red or orange vents, cheeks, throats or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive-brown to black plumage. Some species have distinct crests.
- Crested finchbill, Spizixos canifrons
- Black-headed bulbul, Pycnonotus atriceps
- Black-crested bulbul, Pycnonotus flaviventris
- Red-whiskered bulbul, Pycnonotus jocosus
- Red-vented bulbul, Pycnonotus cafer
- Flavescent bulbul, Pycnonotus flavescens
- White-throated bulbul, Alophoixus flaveolus
- Olive bulbul, Iole virescens
- Ashy bulbul, Hemixos flavala
- Mountain bulbul, Ixos mcclellandii
- Black bulbul, Hypsipetes leucocephalus
The leafbirds are small, bulbul-like birds. The males are brightly plumaged, usually in greens and yellows. There are 8 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Bangladesh.
- Blue-winged leafbird, Chloropsis cochinchinensis
- Golden-fronted leafbird, Chloropsis aurifrons
- Orange-bellied leafbird, Chloropsis hardwickii
The ioras are bulbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub, but whereas that group tends to be drab in colouration, ioras are sexually dimorphic, with the males being brightly plumaged in yellows and greens. There are 4 species worldwide and only 1 species which occurs in Bangladesh.
- Common iora, Aegithina tiphia
Thrushes and allies
The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs.
- Long-billed thrush, Zoothera monticola
- Dark-sided thrush, Zoothera marginata
- Black-breasted thrush, Turdus dissimilis
- White-collared blackbird, Turdus albocinctus
- Grey-winged blackbird, Turdus boulboul
- Dusky thrush, Turdus naumanni
Cisticolas and allies
The Cisticolidae are warblers found mainly in warmer southern regions of the Old World. They are generally very small birds of drab brown or grey appearance found in open country such as grassland or scrub.
- Zitting cisticola, Cisticola juncidis
- Golden-headed cisticola, Cisticola exilis
- Swamp prinia, Prinia cinerascens
- Striated prinia, Prinia criniger
- Black-throated prinia, Prinia atrogularis
- Rufescent prinia, Prinia rufescens
- Jungle prinia, Prinia sylvatica
- Yellow-bellied prinia, Prinia flaviventris
- Ashy prinia, Prinia socialis
- Plain prinia, Prinia inornata
- Common tailorbird, Orthotomus sutorius
- Dark-necked tailorbird, Orthotomus atrogularis
- Chestnut-headed tesia, Cettia castaneocoronata
- Slaty-bellied tesia, Tesia olivea
- Grey-bellied tesia, Tesia cyaniventer
- Mountain tailorbird, Phyllergates cuculatus
- Rufous-faced warbler, Abroscopus albogularis
- Yellow-bellied warbler, Abroscopus superciliaris
- Spotted bush warbler, Bradypterus thoracicus
- Russet bush warbler, Locustella mandelli
- Brown bush warbler, Locustella luteoventris
- Striated grassbird, Megalurus palustris
- Bristled grassbird, Chaetornis striata
- Black-browed reed warbler, Acrocephalus bistrigiceps
- Paddyfield warbler, Acrocephalus agricola
- Blyth's reed warbler, Acrocephalus dumetorum
- Thick-billed warbler, Iduna aedon
- Dusky warbler, Phylloscopus fuscatus
- Smoky warbler, Phylloscopus fuligiventer
- Tickell's leaf warbler, Phylloscopus affinis
- Radde's warbler, Phylloscopus schwarzi
- Yellow-browed warbler, Phylloscopus inornatus
- Hume's leaf warbler, Phylloscopus humei
- Eastern crowned warbler, Phylloscopus coronatus
- Yellow-vented warbler, Phylloscopus cantator
- Green-crowned warbler, Seicercus burkii
- Grey-hooded warbler, Seicercus xanthoschistos
- White-spectacled warbler, Seicercus affinis
- Grey-cheeked warbler, Seicercus poliogenys
- Chestnut-crowned warbler, Seicercus castaniceps
- Grey-crowned warbler, Seicercus tephrocephalus
Old World warblers
The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. They mainly occur as breeding species, as the common name implies, in Europe, Asia and, to a lesser extent, Africa. Most are of generally undistinguished appearance, but many have distinctive songs.
- Jerdon's babbler, Chrysomma altirostre
- Grey-headed parrotbill, Psittiparus gularis
- Rufous-headed parrotbill, Psittiparus bakeri
- Black-breasted parrotbill, Paradoxornis flavirostris
- Spot-breasted parrotbill, Paradoxornis guttaticollis
- Pale-billed parrotbill, Chleuasicus atrosuperciliaris
Old World flycatchers
Old World flycatchers are a large group of small passerine birds native to the Old World. They are mainly small arboreal insectivores. The appearance of these birds is highly varied, but they mostly have weak songs and harsh calls.
- Chestnut-bellied rock thrush, Monticola rufiventris
- Blue whistling thrush, Myophonus caeruleus
- Lesser shortwing, Brachypteryx leucophrys
- Siberian flycatcher, Muscicapa sibirica
- Asian brown flycatcher, Muscicapa dauurica
- Brown-breasted flycatcher, Muscicapa muttui
- Rufous-gorgeted flycatcher, Ficedula strophiata
- Snowy-browed flycatcher, Ficedula hyperythra
- Little pied flycatcher, Ficedula westermanni
- Ultramarine flycatcher, Ficedula superciliaris
- Slaty-blue flycatcher, Ficedula tricolor
- Sapphire flycatcher, Ficedula sapphira
- White-gorgeted flycatcher, Anthipes monileger
- Large niltava, Niltava grandis
- Small niltava, Niltava macgrigoriae
- Rufous-bellied niltava, Niltava sundara
- Pale-chinned blue flycatcher, Cyornis poliogenys
- Pale blue flycatcher, Cyornis unicolor
- Large blue flycatcher, Cyornis magnirostris
- Chinese rubythroat, Calliope tschebaiewi
- Firethroat, Calliope pectardens
- Indian blue robin, Luscinia brunnea
- Rufous-breasted bush robin, Tarsiger hyperythrus
- Oriental magpie-robin, Copsychus saularis also known as the doel, the national bird of Bangladesh
- White-rumped shama, Copsychus malabaricus
- Daurian redstart, Phoenicurus auroreus
- White-tailed robin, Cinclidium leucurum
- Little forktail, Enicurus scouleri
- Black-backed forktail, Enicurus immaculatus
- Slaty-backed forktail, Enicurus schistaceus
- White-crowned forktail, Enicurus leschenaulti
- Spotted forktail, Enicurus maculatus
- Purple cochoa, Cochoa purpurea
- Siberian stonechat, Saxicola maurus
- White-tailed stonechat, Saxicola leucurus
- Pied bushchat, Saxicola caprata
- Jerdon's bushchat, Saxicola jerdoni
- Grey bushchat, Saxicola ferreus
The fantails are small insectivorous birds which are specialist aerial feeders.
- White-throated fantail, Rhipidura albicollis
- Yellow-bellied fantail, Chelidorhynx hypoxantha
- Grey-headed canary flycatcher, Culicicapa ceylonensis
The monarch flycatchers are small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines which hunt by flycatching. There are 99 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Bangladesh.
Whistlers and allies
The family Pachycephalidae includes the whistlers, shrike-thrushes, shrike-tits, pitohuis and crested bellbird. There are 57 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Bangladesh.
- Mangrove whistler, Pachycephala cinerea
- White-crested laughingthrush, Garrulax leucolophus
- Lesser necklaced laughingthrush, Garrulax monileger
- Greater necklaced laughingthrush, Garrulax pectoralis
- Rufous-necked laughingthrush, Garrulax ruficollis
- Yellow-throated laughingthrush, Garrulax galbanus
- Rufous-vented laughingthrush, Garrulax gularis
- Rufous-chinned laughingthrush, Garrulax rufogularis
- Red-faced liocichla, Liocichla phoenicea
- Striated babbler, Turdoides earlei
- Jungle babbler, Turdoides striatus
- Silver-eared mesia, Leiothrix argentauris (A)
- Blue-winged minla, Minla cyanouroptera
- Red-tailed minla, Minla ignotincta
- Abbott's babbler, Malacocincla abbotti
- Buff-breasted babbler, Pellorneum tickelli
- Spot-throated babbler, Pellorneum albiventre
- Puff-throated babbler, Pellorneum ruficeps
- Indian grassbird, Graminicola bengalensis
- White-hooded babbler, Gampsorhynchus rufulus
- Yellow-throated fulvetta, Alcippe cinerea
- Rufous-winged fulvetta, Alcippe castaneceps
- Rufous-throated fulvetta, Alcippe rufogularis
- Brown-cheeked fulvetta, Alcippe poioicephala
- Nepal fulvetta, Alcippe nipalensis
The babblers, or timaliids, are somewhat diverse in size and colouration, but are characterised by soft fluffy plumage.
- Large scimitar babbler, Pomatorhinus hypoleucos
- Spot-breasted scimitar babbler, Pomatorhinus erythrocnemis
- Rusty-cheeked scimitar babbler, Pomatorhinus erythrogenys
- White-browed scimitar babbler, Pomatorhinus schisticeps
- Slender-billed scimitar babbler, Pomatorhinus superciliaris
- Buff-chested babbler, Stachyridopsis ambigua
- Rufous-fronted babbler, Stachyridopsis rufifrons
- Golden babbler, Stachyridopsis chrysaea (Bangla: dhupe)
- Grey-throated babbler, Stachyris nigriceps
- Pin-striped tit-babbler, Macronus gularis
- Chestnut-capped babbler, Timalia pileata
- Pygmy wren-babbler, Pnoepyga pusilla
- Spotted elachura, Elachura formosa
- Striated yuhina, Yuhina castaniceps
- White-naped yuhina, Yuhina bakeri
- Whiskered yuhina, Yuhina flavicollis
- Black-chinned yuhina, Yuhina nigrimenta
- White-bellied erpornis, Erpornis zantholeuca
Chickadees and titmice
The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. Some have crests. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects.
- Green-backed tit, Parus monticolus
- Cinereous tit, Parus cinereus
- Black-lored tit, Parus xanthogenys
- Yellow-cheeked tit, Parus spilonotus
- Sultan tit, Melanochlora sultanea
Nuthatches are small woodland birds. They have the unusual ability to climb down trees head first, unlike other birds which can only go upwards. Nuthatches have big heads, short tails and powerful bills and feet. There are 24 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Bangladesh.
- Chestnut-bellied nuthatch, Sitta castanea
- Chestnut-vented nuthatch, Sitta nagaensis
- Velvet-fronted nuthatch, Sitta frontalis
Sunbirds and spiderhunters
The sunbirds and spiderhunters are very small passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. Flight is fast and direct on their short wings. Most species can take nectar by hovering like a hummingbird, but usually perch to feed.
- Ruby-cheeked sunbird, Chalcoparia singalensis
- Purple-rumped sunbird, Leptocoma zeylonica
- Van Hasselt's sunbird, Leptocoma brasiliana
- Purple sunbird, Cinnyris asiaticus
- Gould's sunbird, Aethopyga gouldiae
- Green-tailed sunbird, Aethopyga nipalensis
- Black-throated sunbird, Aethopyga saturata
- Crimson sunbird, Aethopyga siparaja
- Fire-tailed sunbird, Aethopyga ignicauda
- Little spiderhunter, Arachnothera longirostra
- Streaked spiderhunter, Arachnothera magna
The flowerpeckers are very small, stout, often brightly coloured birds, with short tails, short thick curved bills and tubular tongues.
- Yellow-vented flowerpecker, Dicaeum chrysorrheum
- Yellow-bellied flowerpecker, Dicaeum melanoxanthum
- Orange-bellied flowerpecker, Dicaeum trigonostigma
- Pale-billed flowerpecker, Dicaeum erythrorhynchos
- Plain flowerpecker, Dicaeum minullum
- Scarlet-backed flowerpecker, Dicaeum cruentatum
Old World orioles
The Old World orioles are colourful passerine birds. They are not related to the New World orioles. There are 29 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Bangladesh.
- Black-naped oriole, Oriolus chinensis
- Black-hooded oriole, Oriolus xanthornus
- Maroon oriole, Oriolus traillii
The fairy-bluebirds are bulbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub. The males are dark-blue and the females a duller green. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Bangladesh.
- Asian fairy-bluebird, Irena puella
Shrikes are passerine birds known for their habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns. A typical shrike's beak is hooked, like a bird of prey. There are 31 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Bangladesh.
- Brown shrike, Lanius cristatus
- Burmese shrike, Lanius collurioides
- Long-tailed shrike, Lanius schach
- Grey-backed shrike, Lanius tephronotus
- Large woodshrike, Tephrodornis gularis
- Common woodshrike, Tephrodornis pondicerianus
- Bar-winged flycatcher-shrike, Hemipus picatus
The drongos are mostly black or dark grey in colour, sometimes with metallic tints. They have long forked tails, and some Asian species have elaborate tail decorations. They have short legs and sit very upright when perched, like a shrike. They flycatch or take prey from the ground. There are 24 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Bangladesh.
- Ashy drongo, Dicrurus leucophaeus
- White-bellied drongo, Dicrurus caerulescens
- Crow-billed drongo, Dicrurus annectans
- Bronzed drongo, Dicrurus aeneus
- Lesser racket-tailed drongo, Dicrurus remifer
- Hair-crested drongo, Dicrurus hottentottus
- Greater racket-tailed drongo, Dicrurus paradiseus
The woodswallows are soft-plumaged, somber-coloured passerine birds. They are smooth, agile flyers with moderately large, semi-triangular wings. There are 11 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Bangladesh.
- Ashy woodswallow, Artamus fuscus
Crows, jays, ravens and magpies
The family Corvidae includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size among the Passeriformes, and some of the larger species show high levels of intelligence. There are 120 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Bangladesh.
- Eurasian jay, Garrulus glandarius
- Blue magpie, Urocissa erythrorhyncha
- Green magpie, Cissa chinensis
- Rufous treepie, Dendrocitta vagabunda
- House crow, Corvus splendens
- Large-billed crow, Corvus macrorhynchos
Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Their flight is strong and direct and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. They eat insects and fruit. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen. There are 125 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in Bangladesh.
- Asian glossy starling, Aplonis panayensis
- Spot-winged starling, Saroglossa spilopterus
- Common hill myna, Gracula religiosa
- Great myna, Acridotheres grandis
- Jungle myna, Acridotheres fuscus
- Bank myna, Acridotheres ginginianus
- Common myna, Acridotheres tristis
- Asian pied starling, Gracupica contra
- Chestnut-tailed starling, Sturnia malabarica
Weavers and allies
The weavers are small passerine birds related to the finches. They are seed-eating birds with rounded conical bills. The males of many species are brightly coloured, usually in red or yellow and black, some species show variation in colour only in the breeding season. There are 116 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Bangladesh.
- Streaked weaver, Ploceus manyar
- Baya weaver, Ploceus philippinus
- Bengal weaver, Ploceus benghalensis
Waxbills and allies
The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. They are gregarious and often colonial seed eaters with short thick but pointed bills. They are all similar in structure and habits, but have wide variation in plumage colours and patterns.
- Red avadavat, Amandava amandava
- White-rumped munia, Lonchura striata
- Nutmeg mannikin, Lonchura punctulata
- Chestnut munia, Lonchura atricapilla
- Tricoloured munia, Lonchura malacca
Buntings, sparrows, seedeaters and allies
The emberizids are a large family of passerine birds. They are seed-eating birds with distinctively shaped bills. In Europe, most species are called buntings. In North America, most of the species in this family are known as sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows which are in the family Passeridae. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. There are 275 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Bangladesh.
- Crested bunting, Melophus lathami
- Chestnut-eared bunting, Emberiza fucata
- Red-headed bunting, Emberiza bruniceps
- Black-faced bunting, Emberiza spodocephala
Siskins, crossbills and allies
Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have twelve tail feathers and nine primaries. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. There are 137 species worldwide and 1 species which occur in Bangladesh.
- Scarlet finch, Haematospiza sipahi
Sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small, plump, brown or grey birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed eaters, but they also consume small insects. There are 35 species worldwide and only 1 species which occurs in Bangladesh.
- House sparrow, Passer domesticus
- Lepage, Denis. "Checklist of birds of Bangladesh". Bird Checklists of the World. Avibase. Retrieved 27 April 2007.
- Clements, James F. (2000). Birds of the World: a Checklist. Cornell University Press. p. 880. ISBN 0-934797-16-1.