List of birds of Brazil

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Brazil has one of the richest bird diversities in the world. The avifauna of Brazil include a total of 1,901 species, of which 270 are endemic. About 60% of the bird species recorded for all of South America. These numbers are still increasing, almost every year, due to new occurrences or new species being described. About 10% of the bird species found in Brazil are, nonetheless, threatened.

In June 2013 a simultaneous discovery of fifteen bird species in Brazil was announced, the first such since 1871, when August von Pelzeln described forty new species.[1] The birds were from the families Corvidae, Thamnophilidae, Dendrocolaptidae, Tyrannidae and Polioptilidae.[2] Eleven of the new species are endemics of Brazil and four also inhabit Peru and Bolivia.[1]



Rheidae - Rheas[edit]

Rhea americana


Tinamidae - tinamous[edit]

Crypturellus soui
Red-winged tinamou


Anhimidae - screamers[edit]

Chauna torquata

Anatidae - ducks, geese and swans[edit]

Cygnus melancoryphus
Black-bellied whistling duck


Cracidae - curassows, guans and chachalacas[edit]

Penelope obscura
Chaco chachalaca
Ortalis canicollis pantanalensis
Crax fasciolata

Odontophoridae - New World quails[edit]


Podicipedidae - grebes[edit]

Podilymbus podiceps


Spheniscidae - penguins[edit]

Spheniscus magellanicus


Diomedeidae - albatrosses[edit]

Thalassarche melanophris

Procellariidae - shearwaters and petrels[edit]

Fulmarus glacialoides
Cape petrel

Hydrobatidae - storm petrels[edit]

Wilson's storm petrel

Pelecanoididae - diving petrels[edit]


Phaethontidae - tropicbirds[edit]

Phaethon rubricauda

Pelecanidae - pelicans[edit]

Pelecanus occidentalis

Sulidae - boobies and gannets[edit]

Phalacrocoracidae - cormorants[edit]

Anhingidae - darters[edit]

Anhinga anhinga

Fregatidae - frigatebirds[edit]

Fregata magnificens


Ardeidae - bitterns, herons and egrets[edit]

Ardea cocoi
Agamia agami

Threskiornithidae - ibises and spoonbills[edit]

Roseate spoonbill
Ajaia ajaja

Ciconiidae - storks[edit]

Jabiru mycteria


Phoenicopteridae - flamingos[edit]

Phoenicopterus ruber


Cathartidae - New World vultures[edit]

Pandionidae - ospreys[edit]

Pandion haliaetus

Accipitridae - hawks, kites and eagles[edit]

Buteogallus urubitinga
White-tailed hawk
Buteo magnirostris
Busarellus nigricollis

Falconidae - falcons and caracaras[edit]

Caracara plancus
Aplomado falcon


Aramidae - limpkins[edit]


Psophiidae - trumpeters[edit]

Rallidae - rails, gallinules and coots[edit]

Purple gallinule
Common gallinule
Gray-necked wood rail

Heliornithidae - sungrebes[edit]

Eurypygidae - sunbitterns[edit]

Eurypyga helias

Cariamidae - seriemas[edit]


Jacanidae - jacanas[edit]

Jacana jacana

Rostratulidae - painted-snipes[edit]

Haematopodidae - oystercatchers[edit]

Recurvirostridae - stilts[edit]

Himantopus mexicanus

Burhinidae - thick-knees[edit]

Glareolidae - coursers[edit]

Charadriidae - lapwings and plovers[edit]

Vanellus chilensis lampronotus

Scolopacidae - sandpipers, snipes, curlews, stints and phalaropes[edit]

Upland sandpiper
Tringa flavipes

Thinocoridae - seedsnipes[edit]

Chionididae - sheathbills[edit]

Stercorariidae - skuas[edit]

Pomarine jaeger

Laridae - gulls and terns[edit]

Large-billed tern
Phaetusa simplex
Sterna hirundo

Rynchopidae - skimmers[edit]

Rynchops Niger


Columbidae - doves and pigeons[edit]

Band-tailed pigeon
White-tipped dove


Psittacidae - parrots, parakeets and macaws[edit]

Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus
Ara chloropterus
Jandaya parakeet
Amazona aestiva
Pyrrhura frontalis
Myiopsitta monachus
Alipiopsitta xanthops


Opisthocomidae - hoatzins[edit]

Opisthocomus hoazin


Cuculidae - cuckoos, anis and ground cuckoos[edit]

Guira guira


Tytonidae - Barn owls[edit]

Strigidae - owls[edit]

Athene cunicularia grallaria
Spectacled owl


Steatornithidae - oilbirds[edit]

Nyctibiidae - potoos[edit]

Nyctibius grandis

Caprimulgidae - nightjar and nighthawks[edit]

Lesser nighthawk
Chordeiles minor


Apodidae - swifts[edit]

Chimney swift

Trochilidae - hummingbirds and hermits[edit]

White-necked jacobin
Brown violet-ear
Violet-capped woodnymph
Glittering-throated emerald
Amethyst woodstar
Copper-rumped hummingbird


Trogonidae - trogons[edit]

White-tailed trogon


Alcedinidae - kingfishers[edit]

Chloroceryle americana

Momotidae - motmots[edit]

Momotus momota


Galbulidae - jacamars[edit]

Galbula ruficauda

Bucconidae - puffbirds[edit]

Black-fronted nunbird


Capitonidae - barbets[edit]

Ramphastidae - toucans[edit]

Pteroglossus castanotis
Ramphastos toco

Picidae - woodpeckers[edit]

White woodpecker
Lineated woodpecker
Colaptes campestris


Thamnophilidae - Typical antbirds[edit]

Pectoral antwren, a Brazilian endemic

Conopophagidae - gnateaters[edit]

Black-cheeked gnateater

Formicariidae - antthrushes[edit]

Grallariidae - antpittas[edit]

Rhinocryptidae - tapaculos[edit]

Furnariidae - ovenbirds, spinetails and woodcreepers[edit]

Furnarius rufus
Chicli spinetail
Rufous-capped spinetail
Pallid spinetail
Streaked xenops
Grey-chested cacholote
Pseudoseisura unirufa
White-throated woodcreeper
Planalto woodcreeper

Tyrannidae - Tyrant flycatchers[edit]

Pitangus sulphuratus
White-crested elaenia
Todirostrum cinereum
Yellow-lored tody-flycatcher
Cliff flycatcher
Eastern wood pewee
Pied water tyrant
White-headed marsh tyrant
Cattle tyrant
Dusky-capped flycatcher
Short-crested flycatcher
Rusty-margined flycatcher
Social flycatcher
Piratic flycatcher
Tropical kingbird
Chestnut-crowned becard
Pyrocephalus rubinus
Masked water tyrant

Tityridae - becards and tityras[edit]

Masked tityra

Oxyruncidae - sharpbill[edit]

Cotingidae - cotingas[edit]

Cotinga cayana

Pipridae - manakins[edit]

White-bearded manakin
Pipra rubrocapilla
Golden-headed manakin

Vireonidae - vireos[edit]

Red-eyed vireo
Rufous-browed peppershrike

Corvidae - jays[edit]

Plush-crested jay

Hirundinidae - swallows[edit]

White-banded swallow
Atticora fasciata
Southern rough-winged swallow
Stelgidopteryx ruficollis ruficollis

Troglodytidae - wrens[edit]

House wren
Sedge wren

Donacobiidae - donacobius[edit]

Polioptilidae - gnatcatchers[edit]

Turdidae - thrushes[edit]

Rufous-bellied thrush
Turdus rufiventris

Mimidae - mockingbirds[edit]

Chalk-browed mockingbird
Mimus saturninus

Motacillidae - pipits[edit]

Thraupidae - tanagers[edit]

Grey-headed tanager
Eucometis penicillata
Blue-black grassquit
Double-collared seedeater
Double-collared seedeater
Chestnut-bellied seed finch
Saffron finch
Sicalis flaveola
Pampa finch
Plumbeous seedeater
Sporophila plumbea
Red-capped cardinal
Paroaria gularis
Yellow-billed cardinal
Paroaria capitata

Emberizidae - buntings and American sparrows[edit]

Rufous-collared sparrow

Cardinalidae - Saltators and allies[edit]

Buff-throated saltator
Greyish saltator
Saltator coerulescens

Parulidae - New World warblers[edit]

Tropical parula
Masked yellowthroat

Icteridae - orioles, oropendolas and allies[edit]

Dolichonyx oryzivorus
White-browed blackbird
Sturnella superciliaris
Shiny cowbird
Molothrus bonariensis
Scarlet-headed blackbird
Amblyramphus holosericeus
Orange-backed troupial
Icterus croconotus

Fringillidae - euphonias and siskins[edit]

Hooded siskin

Estrildidae - waxbills and estrildid finches[edit]

Common waxbill
Zebra finch

Passeridae - house sparrows[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "15 new species of birds discovered in Brazil". Wildlife Extra News. Retrieved 30 June 2012. 
  2. ^ "Novas aves da Amazônia" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Pesquisa FAPESP. Retrieved 30 June 2012. 
  3. ^ New Bird Species Discovered in 2014
  • Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos (2010) Listas das aves do Brasil. Versão 25/01/2011. Disponível em/ available at <> Accesso em/ access in: 25/01/2011.
  • Miguel A. Marini and Frederico I. Garcia, 2005 - Bird Conservation in Brazil, Conservation Biology 19(3)

External links[edit]

  • National and state bird lists of Brazil - World Institute for Conservation and Environment
  • WikiAves An interactive website dedicated to the Brazilian community of birdwatchers. It aims to support and promote birdwatching, providing free advanced tools for the publication of photos, sounds, descriptions and species identification of Brazilian birds, as well as communication between site users and other features.