List of birds of Brazil

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The rufous-bellied thrush is the national bird of Brazil.

Brazil has one of the richest bird diversities in the world. The avifauna of Brazil include a total of 1818 confirmed species of which 235 are endemic. Five have been introduced by humans, 77 are rare or vagrants, and four are extinct or extirpated. An additional 21 species are hypothetical (see below).

Brazil hosts about 60% of the bird species recorded for all of South America. These numbers are still increasing almost every year, due to new occurrences, new species being described, or splits of existing species. About 10% of the bird species found in Brazil are, nonetheless, threatened.

In June 2013 a simultaneous discovery of fifteen bird species in Brazil was announced, the first such since 1871, when August von Pelzeln described forty new species.[1] The birds were from the families Corvidae, Thamnophilidae, Dendrocolaptidae, Tyrannidae, and Polioptilidae.[2] Eleven of the new species are endemics of Brazil and four also inhabit Peru and Bolivia.[1]

Except as an entry is cited otherwise, the list of species is that of the South American Classification Committee (SACC) of the American Ornithological Society.[3] The list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families, and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) are also those of the SACC.[4]

The notes of population status, for instance (endangered), are those of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List.[5] The status notes apply to the worldwide population, not solely the Brazilian population except for endemic species.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories.

  • (V) Vagrant - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Brazil
  • (E) Endemic - a species endemic to Brazil
  • (I) Introduced - a species introduced to Brazil as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions
  • (H) Hypothetical - a species recorded but with "no tangible evidence" according to the SACC


Contents

Rheiformes[edit]

Rheidae - Rheas[edit]

Greater rhea

Tinamiformes[edit]

Tinamidae - tinamous[edit]

Little tinamou
Red-winged tinamou

Anseriformes[edit]

Anhimidae - screamers[edit]

Southern screamer

Anatidae - ducks, geese, and waterfowl[edit]

Black-necked swan
Black-bellied whistling-duck

Galliformes[edit]

Cracidae - guans, chachalacas, and curassows,[edit]

Dusky-legged guan
Chaco chachalaca
Bare-faced curassow

Odontophoridae - New World quail[edit]

Phoenicopteriformes[edit]

Phoenicopteridae - flamingos[edit]

American flamingo

Podicipediformes[edit]

Podicipedidae - grebes[edit]

Pied-billed grebe

Columbiformes[edit]

Columbidae - pigeons and doves[edit]

Band-tailed pigeon
White-tipped dove

Cuculiformes[edit]

Cuculidae - cuckoos[edit]

Guira cuckoo

Steatornithiformes[edit]

Steatornithidae - oilbird[edit]

Nyctibiiformes[edit]

Nyctibiidae - potoos[edit]

Great potoo

Caprimulgiformes[edit]

Caprimulgidae - nightjars and allies[edit]

Lesser nighthawk
Common nighthawk

Apodiformes[edit]

Apodidae - swifts[edit]

Chimney swift

Trochilidae - hummingbirds[edit]

White-necked jacobin
Brown violetear
Violet-capped woodnymph
Glittering-throated emerald
Amethyst woodstar

Opisthocomiformes[edit]

Opisthocomidae - hoatzin[edit]

Hoatzin

Gruiformes[edit]

Aramidae - limpkin[edit]

Limpkin

Psophiidae - trumpeters[edit]

Rallidae - rails, gallinules, and coots[edit]

Purple gallinule
Common gallinule
Gray-cowled wood-rail

Heliornithidae - finfoots[edit]

Charadriiformes[edit]

Charadriidae - plovers and lapwings[edit]

Southern lapwing

Haematopodidae - oystercatchers[edit]

Recurvirostridae - stilts and avocets[edit]

Black-necked stilt

Burhinidae - thick-knees[edit]

Chionididae - sheathbills[edit]

Scolopacidae - sandpipers and allies[edit]

Upland sandpiper
Lesser yellowlegs

Thinocoridae - seedsnipes[edit]

Jacanidae - jacanas[edit]

Wattled jacana

Rostratulidae - painted-snipes[edit]

Stercorariidae - skuas and jaegers[edit]

Pomarine jaeger

Rynchopidae - skimmers[edit]

Laridae - gulls and terns[edit]

Large-billed tern
Common tern

Eurypygiformes[edit]

Eurypygidae - sunbittern[edit]

Sunbittern

Phaethontiformes[edit]

Phaethontidae - tropicbirds[edit]

Red-tailed tropicbird

Sphenisciformes[edit]

Spheniscidae - penguins[edit]

Magellanic penguin

Procellariiformes[edit]

Diomedeidae - albatrosses[edit]

Black-browed albatross

Oceanitidae - southern storm-petrels[edit]

Wilson's storm-petrel

Hydrobatidae - northern storm-petrels[edit]

Procellariidae - shearwaters and petrels[edit]

Southern fulmar
Cape petrel

Ciconiiformes[edit]

Ciconiidae - storks[edit]

Jabiru

Suliformes[edit]

Fregatidae - frigatebirds[edit]

Magnificent frigatebird

Sulidae - boobies and gannets[edit]

Anhingidae - anhingas[edit]

Anhinga

Phalacrocoracidae - cormorants and shags[edit]

Pelecaniformes[edit]

Pelecanidae - pelicans[edit]

Ardeidae - herons, egrets, and bitterns[edit]

Cocoi heron
Agami heron

Threskiornithidae - ibises and spoonbills[edit]

Roseate spoonbill

Cathartiformes[edit]

Cathartidae - New World vultures[edit]

Accipitriformes[edit]

Pandionidae - ospreys[edit]

Accipitridae - hawks, eagles, and kites[edit]

Great black hawk
White-tailed hawk
Roadside hawk
Black-collared hawk

Strigiformes[edit]

Tytonidae - barn-owls[edit]

Strigidae - owls[edit]

Burrowing owl
Spectacled owl

Trogoniformes[edit]

Trogonidae - trogons[edit]

Green-backed trogon

Coraciiformes[edit]

Momotidae - motmots[edit]

Alcedinidae - kingfishers[edit]

Green kingfisher

Galbuliformes[edit]

Galbulidae - jacamars[edit]

Rufous-tailed jacamar

Bucconidae - puffbirds[edit]

Black-fronted nunbird

Piciformes[edit]

Capitonidae - New World barbets[edit]

Ramphastidae - toucans[edit]

Chestnut-eared aracari
Toco toucan

Picidae - woodpeckers[edit]

White woodpecker
Lineated woodpecker
Campo flicker

Cariamiformes[edit]

Cariamidae - seriemas[edit]

Red-legged seriema

Falconiformes[edit]

Falconidae - falcons and caracaras[edit]

Southern caracara
Aplomado falcon

Psittaciformes[edit]

Psittacidae - New World and African parrots[edit]

Hyacinth macaw
Red-and-green macaws
Jandaya parakeet
Turquoise-fronted parrot
Maroon-bellied parakeet
Monk parakeet
Yellow-faced parrot

Passeriformes[edit]

Thamnophilidae - typical antbirds[edit]

Pectoral antwren
Barred antshrike
Variable antshrike

Melanopareiidae - crescentchests[edit]

Conopophagidae - gnateaters[edit]

Black-cheeked gnateater

Grallariidae - antpittas[edit]

Rhinocryptidae - tapaculos[edit]

Formicariidae - antthrushes[edit]

Furnariidae - ovenbirds and woodcreepers[edit]

Rufous hornero
Spix's spinetail
Rufous-capped spinetail
Pallid spinetail
Streaked xenops
Rufous cacholote
White-throated woodcreeper
Planalto woodcreeper

Pipridae - manakins[edit]

White-bearded manakin
Red-headed manakin
Golden-headed manakin

Cotingidae - cotingas[edit]

Spangled cotinga

Tityridae - tityras and allies[edit]

Masked tityra

Oxyruncidae - sharpbill[edit]

Onychorhynchidae - royal flycatcher and allies[edit]

Tyrannidae - tyrant flycatchers[edit]

Great kiskadee
White-crested elaenia
Common tody-flycatcher
Gray-headed tody-flycatcher
Cliff flycatcher
Eastern wood-pewee
Pied water-tyrant
White-headed marsh tyrant
Cattle tyrant
Dusky-capped flycatcher
Short-crested flycatcher
Rusty-margined flycatcher
Social flycatcher
Piratic flycatcher
Tropical kingbird
Vermilion flycatcher

Vireonidae - vireos[edit]

Red-eyed vireo
Rufous-browed peppershrike

Corvidae - crows, jays, and magpies[edit]

Plush-crested jay

Hirundinidae - swallows[edit]

White-banded swallow
Southern rough-winged swallow

Troglodytidae - wrens[edit]

House wren

Polioptilidae - gnatcatchers[edit]

Donacobiidae - donacobius[edit]

Turdidae - thrushes and allies[edit]

Rufous-bellied thrush

Mimidae - mockingbirds and thrashers[edit]

Chalk-browed mockingbird

Sturnidae - starlings and mynas[edit]

Estrildidae - waxbills and allies[edit]

Common waxbill

Passeridae - Old World sparrows[edit]

Motacillidae - wagtails and pipits[edit]

Fringillidae - finches, euphonias, and allies[edit]

Hooded siskin

Passerellidae - New World sparrows[edit]

Rufous-collared sparrow

Icteridae - troupials and allies[edit]

Bobolink
White-browed meadowlark
Shiny cowbird
Scarlet-headed blackbird
Orange-backed troupial

Parulidae - New World warblers[edit]

Tropical parula
Masked yellowthroat

Mitrospingidae - mitrospingid tanagers[edit]

Cardinalidae - cardinals and allies[edit]

Thraupidae - tanagers and allies[edit]

Gray-headed tanager
Blue-black grassquit
Double-collared seedeater
Chestnut-bellied seed-finch
Saffron finch
Great Pampa finch
Plumbeous seedeater
Red-capped cardinal
Yellow-billed cardinal

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The SACC has split Nyctiprogne atifascia from Nyctiprogne leucopyga (Proposal 673) but has not assigned English names, so the proposal has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.
  2. ^ The SACC has split Lophornis verreauxii from Lophornis chalybeus (Proposal 833) but has not assigned English names so the split has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.
  3. ^ The SACC has accepted Campylopterus calcirupicola as a newly described species (Proposal 756) but has not assigned an English name, so the proposal has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.
  4. ^ The SACC has determined that the former Amazilia chionogaster does not belong to genus Amazilia (Proposal 781) but has not selected a new genus name for it.
  5. ^ The SACC has split Xiphorhynchus atlanticus from Xiphorhynchus fuscus (Proposal 809) but has not assigned English names, so the proposal has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.
  6. ^ The SACC has split Ramphocaenus sticturus from Ramphocaenus melanurus (Proposal 790A) but has not assigned English names, so the proposal has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.
  7. ^ The SACC has split Turdus subalaris from Turdus nigriceps (Proposal 786) but has not assigned English names so the proposal has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "15 new species of birds discovered in Brazil". Wildlife Extra News. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
  2. ^ "Novas aves da Amazônia" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Pesquisa FAPESP. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
  3. ^ Pacheco, José Fernando; Quevedo Agane, Carlos Eduardo (August 6, 2019). "Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: Brazil". South American Classification Committee of the American Ornithological Society. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
  4. ^ Remsen, J. V., Jr., J. I. Areta, E. Bonaccorso, S. Claramunt, A. Jaramillo, J. F. Pacheco, C. Ribas, M. B. Robbins, F. G. Stiles, D. F. Stotz, and K. J. Zimmer. Version 22 October 2019. A classification of the bird species of South America. American Ornithological Society. http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm retrieved October 26, 2019
  5. ^ The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-3. http://www.iucnredlist.org accessed 17 February 2018
  6. ^ New Bird Species Discovered in 2014
  7. ^ http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCproproster.htm SACC Proposal Roster

See also[edit]

External links[edit]