List of birds of Brazil

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Brazil has one of the richest bird diversities in the world. The avifauna of Brazil include a total of 1,901 species, of which 270 are endemic. About 60% of the bird species recorded for all of South America. These numbers are still increasing, almost every year, due to new occurrences or new species being described. About 10% of the bird species found in Brazil are, nonetheless, threatened.

In June 2013 a simultaneous discovery of fifteen bird species in Brazil was announced, the first such since 1871, when August von Pelzeln described forty new species.[1] The birds were from the families Corvidae, Thamnophilidae, Dendrocolaptidae, Tyrannidae and Polioptilidae.[2] Eleven of the new species are endemics of Brazil and four also inhabit Peru and Bolivia.[1]



Rheidae - Rheas[edit]

Greater rhea


Tinamidae - tinamous[edit]

Crypturellus soui
Red-winged tinamou


Anhimidae - screamers[edit]

Chauna torquata

Anatidae - ducks, geese and swans[edit]

Cygnus melancoryphus
Black-bellied whistling duck


Cracidae - curassows, guans and chachalacas[edit]

Dusky-legged guan
Wattled curassow

Odontophoridae - New World quails[edit]


Podicipedidae - grebes[edit]

Podilymbus podiceps


Spheniscidae - penguins[edit]

Spheniscus magellanicus


Diomedeidae - albatrosses[edit]

Thalassarche melanophris

Procellariidae - shearwaters and petrels[edit]

Fulmarus glacialoides
Cape petrel

Hydrobatidae - storm petrels[edit]

Wilson's storm petrel

Pelecanoididae - diving petrels[edit]


Phaethontidae - tropicbirds[edit]

Phaethon rubricauda

Pelecanidae - pelicans[edit]

Pelecanus occidentalis

Sulidae - boobies and gannets[edit]

Phalacrocoracidae - cormorants[edit]

Anhingidae - darters[edit]

Anhinga anhinga

Fregatidae - frigatebirds[edit]

Fregata magnificens


Ardeidae - bitterns, herons and egrets[edit]

Agami heron

Threskiornithidae - ibises and spoonbills[edit]

Eudocimus ruber

Ciconiidae - storks[edit]

Jabiru mycteria


Phoenicopteridae - flamingos[edit]

Phoenicopterus ruber


Cathartidae - New World vultures[edit]

Cathartes aura

Pandionidae - ospreys[edit]

Pandion haliaetus

Accipitridae - hawks, kites and eagles[edit]

Great black hawk
White-tailed hawk

Falconidae - falcons and caracaras[edit]

Northern caracara
Aplomado falcon


Aramidae - limpkins[edit]


Psophiidae - trumpeters[edit]

Rallidae - rails, gallinules and coots[edit]

Purple gallinule
Common gallinule
Gray-necked wood rail

Heliornithidae - sungrebes[edit]

Eurypygidae - sunbitterns[edit]


Cariamidae - seriemas[edit]


Jacanidae - jacanas[edit]

Wattled jacana

Rostratulidae - painted-snipes[edit]

Haematopodidae - oystercatchers[edit]

Recurvirostridae - stilts[edit]

Himantopus mexicanus

Burhinidae - thick-knees[edit]

Glareolidae - coursers[edit]

Charadriidae - lapwings and plovers[edit]

Pluvialis Dominica

Scolopacidae - sandpipers, snipes, curlews, stints and phalaropes[edit]

Upland sandpiper
Tringa flavipes

Thinocoridae - seedsnipes[edit]

Chionididae - sheathbills[edit]

Pale-faced sheathbill

Stercorariidae - skuas[edit]

Pomarine jaeger

Laridae - gulls and terns[edit]

Larus dominicanus
Sterna hirundo

Rynchopidae - skimmers[edit]

Rynchops Niger


Columbidae - doves and pigeons[edit]

Band-tailed pigeon
White-tipped dove


Psittacidae - parrots, parakeets and macaws[edit]

Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus
Ara ararauna
Jandaya parakeet
Amazona aestiva
Maroon-bellied conure
Red-fan parrot


Opisthocomidae - hoatzins[edit]

Opisthocomus hoazin


Cuculidae - cuckoos, anis and ground cuckoos[edit]

Guira cuckoo


Tytonidae - Barn owls[edit]

Strigidae - owls[edit]

Glaucidum brasilianum
Spectacled owl


Steatornithidae - oilbirds[edit]

Nyctibiidae - potoos[edit]

Common potoo

Caprimulgidae - nightjar and nighthawks[edit]

Lesser nighthawk
Chordeiles minor


Apodidae - swifts[edit]

Chimney swift

Trochilidae - hummingbirds and hermits[edit]

White-necked jacobin
Brown violet-ear
Violet-capped woodnymph
Glittering-throated emerald
Amethyst woodstar
Copper-rumped hummingbird


Trogonidae - trogons[edit]

White-tailed trogon


Alcedinidae - kingfishers[edit]

Ringed kingfisher

Momotidae - motmots[edit]

Momotus momota


Galbulidae - jacamars[edit]

Rufous-tailed jacamar

Bucconidae - puffbirds[edit]

Black-fronted nunbird


Capitonidae - barbets[edit]

Ramphastidae - toucans[edit]

Ramphastos toco
Ramphastos vitellinus
Ramphastos tucanus

Picidae - woodpeckers[edit]

White woodpecker
Lineated woodpecker
White-barred piculet
Campo flicker


Thamnophilidae - Typical antbirds[edit]

Pectoral antwren, a Brazilian endemic

Conopophagidae - gnateaters[edit]

Black-cheeked gnateater

Formicariidae - antthrushes[edit]

Grallariidae - antpittas[edit]

Rhinocryptidae - tapaculos[edit]

Furnariidae - ovenbirds, spinetails and woodcreepers[edit]

Bar-winged cinclodes
Chicli spinetail
Rufous-capped spinetail
Pallid spinetail
Streaked xenops
White-throated woodcreeper
Planalto woodcreeper
Lesser woodcreeper

Tyrannidae - Tyrant flycatchers[edit]

Great kiskadee
White-crested elaenia
Common tody-flycatcher
Yellow-lored tody-flycatcher
Cliff flycatcher
Eastern wood pewee
Pied water tyrant
White-headed marsh tyrant
Cattle tyrant
Dusky-capped flycatcher
Short-crested flycatcher
Rusty-margined flycatcher
Social flycatcher
Piratic flycatcher
Tropical kingbird
Masked tityra
Chestnut-crowned becard
Vermilion flycatcher
Masked water tyrant

Tityridae - becards and tityras[edit]

Oxyruncidae - sharpbill[edit]

Cotingidae - cotingas[edit]

Pipridae - manakins[edit]

White-bearded manakin
Golden-headed manakin

Vireonidae - vireos[edit]

Red-eyed vireo
Rufous-browed peppershrike

Corvidae - jays[edit]

Plush-crested jay

Hirundinidae - swallows[edit]

Southern rough-winged swallow
Hirundo rustica

Troglodytidae - wrens[edit]

House wren
Sedge wren

Donacobiidae - donacobius[edit]

Polioptilidae - gnatcatchers[edit]

Turdidae - thrushes[edit]

Rufous-bellied thrush

Mimidae - mockingbirds[edit]

Chalk-browed mockingbird

Motacillidae - pipits[edit]

Thraupidae - tanagers[edit]

Paroaria capitata
Blue-black grassquit
Double-collared seedeater
Double-collared seedeater
Chestnut-bellied seed finch
Saffron finch
Pampa finch

Emberizidae - buntings and American sparrows[edit]

Rufous-collared sparrow

Cardinalidae - Saltators and allies[edit]

Buff-throated saltator

Parulidae - New World warblers[edit]

Tropical parula
Masked yellowthroat

Icteridae - orioles, oropendolas and allies[edit]

Dolichonyx oryzivorus
White-browed blackbird
Crested oropendola

Fringillidae - euphonias and siskins[edit]

Hooded siskin

Estrildidae - waxbills and estrildid finches[edit]

Common waxbill
Zebra finch

Passeridae - house sparrows[edit]

Passer domesticus

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "15 new species of birds discovered in Brazil". Wildlife Extra News. Retrieved 30 June 2012. 
  2. ^ "Novas aves da Amazônia" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Pesquisa FAPESP. Retrieved 30 June 2012. 
  3. ^ New Bird Species Discovered in 2014
  • Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos (2010) Listas das aves do Brasil. Versão 25/01/2011. Disponível em/ available at <> Accesso em/ access in: 25/01/2011.
  • Miguel A. Marini and Frederico I. Garcia, 2005 - Bird Conservation in Brazil, Conservation Biology 19(3)

External links[edit]

  • National and state bird lists of Brazil - World Institute for Conservation and Environment
  • WikiAves An interactive website dedicated to the Brazilian community of birdwatchers. It aims to support and promote birdwatching, providing free advanced tools for the publication of photos, sounds, descriptions and species identification of Brazilian birds, as well as communication between site users and other features.