List of birds of Brazil

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The rufous-bellied thrush is the national bird of Brazil.

Brazil has one of the richest bird diversities in the world. The avifauna of Brazil include a total of 1818 confirmed species of which 235 are endemic. Five have been introduced by humans, 77 are rare or vagrants, and four are extinct or extirpated. An additional 21 species are hypothetical (see below).

Brazil hosts about 60% of the bird species recorded for all of South America. These numbers are still increasing almost every year, due to new occurrences, new species being described, or splits of existing species. About 10% of the bird species found in Brazil are, nonetheless, threatened.

In June 2013 a simultaneous discovery of fifteen bird species in Brazil was announced, the first such since 1871, when August von Pelzeln described forty new species.[1] The birds were from the families Corvidae, Thamnophilidae, Dendrocolaptidae, Tyrannidae, and Polioptilidae.[2] Eleven of the new species are endemics of Brazil and four also inhabit Peru and Bolivia.[1]

Except as an entry is cited otherwise, the list of species is that of the South American Classification Committee (SACC) of the American Ornithological Society.[3] The list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families, and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) are also those of the SACC.[4]

The notes of population status, for instance (endangered), are those of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List.[5] The status notes apply to the worldwide population, not solely the Brazilian population except for endemic species.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories.

  • (V) Vagrant - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Brazil
  • (E) Endemic - a species endemic to Brazil
  • (I) Introduced - a species introduced to Brazil as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions
  • (H) Hypothetical - a species recorded but with "no tangible evidence" according to the SACC



Rheidae - Rheas[edit]

Greater rhea


Tinamidae - tinamous[edit]

Little tinamou
Red-winged tinamou


Anhimidae - screamers[edit]

Southern screamer

Anatidae - ducks, geese, and waterfowl[edit]

Black-necked swan
Black-bellied whistling-duck


Cracidae - guans, chachalacas, and curassows,[edit]

Dusky-legged guan
Chaco chachalaca
Bare-faced curassow

Odontophoridae - New World quail[edit]


Phoenicopteridae - flamingos[edit]

American flamingo


Podicipedidae - grebes[edit]

Pied-billed grebe


Columbidae - pigeons and doves[edit]

Band-tailed pigeon
White-tipped dove


Cuculidae - cuckoos[edit]

Guira cuckoo


Steatornithidae - oilbird[edit]


Nyctibiidae - potoos[edit]

Great potoo


Caprimulgidae - nightjars and allies[edit]

Lesser nighthawk
Common nighthawk


Apodidae - swifts[edit]

Chimney swift

Trochilidae - hummingbirds[edit]

White-necked jacobin
Brown violetear
Violet-capped woodnymph
Glittering-throated emerald
Amethyst woodstar


Opisthocomidae - hoatzin[edit]



Aramidae - limpkin[edit]


Psophiidae - trumpeters[edit]

Rallidae - rails, gallinules, and coots[edit]

Purple gallinule
Common gallinule
Gray-cowled wood-rail

Heliornithidae - finfoots[edit]


Charadriidae - plovers and lapwings[edit]

Southern lapwing

Haematopodidae - oystercatchers[edit]

Recurvirostridae - stilts and avocets[edit]

Black-necked stilt

Burhinidae - thick-knees[edit]

Chionididae - sheathbills[edit]

Scolopacidae - sandpipers and allies[edit]

Upland sandpiper
Lesser yellowlegs

Thinocoridae - seedsnipes[edit]

Jacanidae - jacanas[edit]

Wattled jacana

Rostratulidae - painted-snipes[edit]

Stercorariidae - skuas and jaegers[edit]

Pomarine jaeger

Rynchopidae - skimmers[edit]

Laridae - gulls and terns[edit]

Large-billed tern
Common tern


Eurypygidae - sunbittern[edit]



Phaethontidae - tropicbirds[edit]

Red-tailed tropicbird


Spheniscidae - penguins[edit]

Magellanic penguin


Diomedeidae - albatrosses[edit]

Black-browed albatross

Oceanitidae - southern storm-petrels[edit]

Wilson's storm-petrel

Hydrobatidae - northern storm-petrels[edit]

Procellariidae - shearwaters and petrels[edit]

Southern fulmar
Cape petrel


Ciconiidae - storks[edit]



Fregatidae - frigatebirds[edit]

Magnificent frigatebird

Sulidae - boobies and gannets[edit]

Anhingidae - anhingas[edit]


Phalacrocoracidae - cormorants and shags[edit]


Pelecanidae - pelicans[edit]

Ardeidae - herons, egrets, and bitterns[edit]

Cocoi heron
Agami heron

Threskiornithidae - ibises and spoonbills[edit]

Roseate spoonbill


Cathartidae - New World vultures[edit]


Pandionidae - ospreys[edit]

Accipitridae - hawks, eagles, and kites[edit]

Great black hawk
White-tailed hawk
Roadside hawk
Black-collared hawk


Tytonidae - barn-owls[edit]

Strigidae - owls[edit]

Burrowing owl
Spectacled owl


Trogonidae - trogons[edit]

Green-backed trogon


Momotidae - motmots[edit]

Alcedinidae - kingfishers[edit]

Green kingfisher


Galbulidae - jacamars[edit]

Rufous-tailed jacamar

Bucconidae - puffbirds[edit]

Black-fronted nunbird


Capitonidae - New World barbets[edit]

Ramphastidae - toucans[edit]

Chestnut-eared aracari
Toco toucan

Picidae - woodpeckers[edit]

White woodpecker
Lineated woodpecker
Campo flicker


Cariamidae - seriemas[edit]

Red-legged seriema


Falconidae - falcons and caracaras[edit]

Southern caracara
Aplomado falcon


Psittacidae - New World and African parrots[edit]

Hyacinth macaw
Red-and-green macaws
Jandaya parakeet
Turquoise-fronted parrot
Maroon-bellied parakeet
Monk parakeet
Yellow-faced parrot


Thamnophilidae - typical antbirds[edit]

Pectoral antwren
Barred antshrike
Variable antshrike

Melanopareiidae - crescentchests[edit]

Conopophagidae - gnateaters[edit]

Black-cheeked gnateater

Grallariidae - antpittas[edit]

Rhinocryptidae - tapaculos[edit]

Formicariidae - antthrushes[edit]

Furnariidae - ovenbirds and woodcreepers[edit]

Rufous hornero
Spix's spinetail
Rufous-capped spinetail
Pallid spinetail
Streaked xenops
Rufous cacholote
White-throated woodcreeper
Planalto woodcreeper

Pipridae - manakins[edit]

White-bearded manakin
Red-headed manakin
Golden-headed manakin

Cotingidae - cotingas[edit]

Spangled cotinga

Tityridae - tityras and allies[edit]

Masked tityra

Oxyruncidae - sharpbill[edit]

Onychorhynchidae - royal flycatcher and allies[edit]

Tyrannidae - tyrant flycatchers[edit]

Great kiskadee
White-crested elaenia
Common tody-flycatcher
Gray-headed tody-flycatcher
Cliff flycatcher
Eastern wood-pewee
Pied water-tyrant
White-headed marsh tyrant
Cattle tyrant
Dusky-capped flycatcher
Short-crested flycatcher
Rusty-margined flycatcher
Social flycatcher
Piratic flycatcher
Tropical kingbird
Vermilion flycatcher

Vireonidae - vireos[edit]

Red-eyed vireo
Rufous-browed peppershrike

Corvidae - crows, jays, and magpies[edit]

Plush-crested jay

Hirundinidae - swallows[edit]

White-banded swallow
Southern rough-winged swallow

Troglodytidae - wrens[edit]

House wren

Polioptilidae - gnatcatchers[edit]

Donacobiidae - donacobius[edit]

Turdidae - thrushes and allies[edit]

Rufous-bellied thrush

Mimidae - mockingbirds and thrashers[edit]

Chalk-browed mockingbird

Sturnidae - starlings and mynas[edit]

Estrildidae - waxbills and allies[edit]

Common waxbill

Passeridae - Old World sparrows[edit]

Motacillidae - wagtails and pipits[edit]

Fringillidae - finches, euphonias, and allies[edit]

Hooded siskin

Passerellidae - New World sparrows[edit]

Rufous-collared sparrow

Icteridae - troupials and allies[edit]

White-browed meadowlark
Shiny cowbird
Scarlet-headed blackbird
Orange-backed troupial

Parulidae - New World warblers[edit]

Tropical parula
Masked yellowthroat

Mitrospingidae - mitrospingid tanagers[edit]

Cardinalidae - cardinals and allies[edit]

Thraupidae - tanagers and allies[edit]

Gray-headed tanager
Blue-black grassquit
Double-collared seedeater
Chestnut-bellied seed-finch
Saffron finch
Great Pampa finch
Plumbeous seedeater
Red-capped cardinal
Yellow-billed cardinal


  1. ^ The SACC has split Nyctiprogne atifascia from Nyctiprogne leucopyga (Proposal 673) but has not assigned English names, so the proposal has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.
  2. ^ The SACC has split Lophornis verreauxii from Lophornis chalybeus (Proposal 833) but has not assigned English names so the split has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.
  3. ^ The SACC has accepted Campylopterus calcirupicola as a newly described species (Proposal 756) but has not assigned an English name, so the proposal has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.
  4. ^ The SACC has determined that the former Amazilia chionogaster does not belong to genus Amazilia (Proposal 781) but has not selected a new genus name for it.
  5. ^ The SACC has split Xiphorhynchus atlanticus from Xiphorhynchus fuscus (Proposal 809) but has not assigned English names, so the proposal has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.
  6. ^ The SACC has split Ramphocaenus sticturus from Ramphocaenus melanurus (Proposal 790A) but has not assigned English names, so the proposal has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.
  7. ^ The SACC has split Turdus subalaris from Turdus nigriceps (Proposal 786) but has not assigned English names so the proposal has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.


  1. ^ a b "15 new species of birds discovered in Brazil". Wildlife Extra News. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
  2. ^ "Novas aves da Amazônia" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Pesquisa FAPESP. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
  3. ^ Pacheco, José Fernando; Quevedo Agane, Carlos Eduardo (August 6, 2019). "Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: Brazil". South American Classification Committee of the American Ornithological Society. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
  4. ^ Remsen, J. V., Jr., J. I. Areta, E. Bonaccorso, S. Claramunt, A. Jaramillo, J. F. Pacheco, C. Ribas, M. B. Robbins, F. G. Stiles, D. F. Stotz, and K. J. Zimmer. Version 22 October 2019. A classification of the bird species of South America. American Ornithological Society. retrieved October 26, 2019
  5. ^ The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-3. accessed 17 February 2018
  6. ^ New Bird Species Discovered in 2014
  7. ^ SACC Proposal Roster

See also[edit]

External links[edit]