List of birds of Iceland

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The gyrfalcon is the national bird of Iceland.

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Iceland. The avifauna of Iceland included a total of 378 confirmed species as of April 2016 according to the Icelandic Birding Pages (IBP).[1] An additional 22 species and one replacement had been recorded by eBird users by August 2019.[2] Of the 400 species listed here, 319 are accidental. The entire populations of two species have resulted from introductions by humans, and a few other species have individuals of both natural and human-assisted origin. One species on the list is extinct.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (English and scientific names) are those of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 2019 edition.[3]

The following tags have been used to highlight some categories of occurrence.

  • (A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Iceland
  • (I) Introduced - a species introduced to Iceland as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions, and has become established


Ducks, geese, and waterfowl[edit]

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anatidae

Pheasants, grouse, and allies[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Phasianidae

Grebes[edit]

Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae

Pigeons and doves[edit]

Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae

Cuckoos[edit]

Order: Cuculiformes   Family: Cuculidae

Nightjars[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Caprimulgidae

Swifts[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Apodidae

Rails, gallinules, and coots[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Rallidae

Cranes[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Gruidae

Thick-knees[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Burhinidae

Stilts and avocets[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae

Oystercatchers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Haematopodidae

Plovers and lapwings[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae

Sandpipers and allies[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae

Pratincoles[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Glareolidae

Skuas and jaegers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae

Auks, murres, and puffins[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Alcidae

Gulls, terns, and skimmers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Laridae

Loons[edit]

Order: Gaviiformes   Family: Gaviidae

Albatrosses[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Diomedeidae

Southern storm-petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Oceanitidae

Northern storm-petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae

Shearwaters and petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Procellariidae

Storks[edit]

Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ciconiidae

Gannets[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Sulidae

Cormorants and shags[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae

Herons, egrets, and bitterns[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Ardeidae

Ibises and spoonbills[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Threskiornithidae

Osprey[edit]

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Pandionidae

Hawks, eagles, and kites[edit]

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae

Typical owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Strigidae

Hoopoes[edit]

Order: Bucerotiformes   Family: Upupidae

Kingfishers[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae

Bee-eaters[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Meropidae

Rollers[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Coraciidae

Woodpeckers[edit]

Order: Piciformes   Family: Picidae

Falcons[edit]

Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae

Tyrant flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Tyrannidae

Vireos[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Vireonidae

Old World orioles[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Oriolidae

Shrikes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Laniidae

Crows, jays, and magpies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Corvidae

Tits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Paridae

Larks[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Alaudidae

Reed warblers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acrocephalidae

Grassbirds and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Locustellidae

Swallows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae

Leaf warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Phylloscopidae

Sylviid warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sylviidae

Kinglets[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Regulidae

Nuthatches[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sittidae

Wrens[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Troglodytidae

Starlings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sturnidae

Thrushes and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Turdidae

Old World flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Muscicapidae

Waxwings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Bombycillidae

Accentors[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Prunellidae

Old World sparrows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae

Wagtails and pipits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae

Finches and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae

Longspurs and snow buntings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Calcariidae

Old World buntings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae

New World sparrows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passerellidae

Icterids[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Icteridae

New World warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Parulidae

Cardinals and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cardinalidae

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pétursson, Gunnlaugur; Kolbeinsson, Yann (April 11, 2016). "List of Icelandic Bird Species" (PDF). Retrieved August 20, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x "eBird bar chart: Iceland". Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Retrieved August 20, 2019.
  3. ^ Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/ Retrieved August 15, 2019