List of birds of New Zealand

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In this list of New Zealand birds, Māori names (where known) are given first, followed by English alternatives. In some cases (tui, kākā, weka, pūkeko, moa, kiwi, kea, kōkako, takahē) the Māori name is the common name. In other cases (fantail, albatross, black-backed gull, bellbird, morepork, dotterel, wax-eye, oystercatcher) the English name is most commonly used.

This list's taxonomic treatment and nomenclature (common and scientific names) mainly follows the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 2016 edition.[1] Some supplemental referencing is that of the Avibase Bird Checklists of the World[2] as of January 2017.

The species and subspecies marked extinct became extinct subsequent to humans' arrival in New Zealand. About two thirds of the extinctions occurred after the arrival of Māori but before the arrival of Pākehā and the rest since Pākehā arrived.

Unless otherwise noted, all species listed below are considered to occur regularly in New Zealand as permanent residents, summer or winter visitors, or migrants. The following codes are used to denote other categories of species:

  • (B) Breeding - confirmed nesting records in New Zealand or a portion thereof.
  • (I) Introduced - a species introduced to New Zealand by the actions of humans, either directly or indirectly
  • (X) Extinct - a species that no longer exists
  • (ex) Extirpated - a species no longer found in New Zealand or a portion thereof but existing elsewhere
  • (P) - a regularly occurring in New Zealand or a portion thereof. The species occurs on an annual or mostly annual basis, but does not nest in New Zealand.
  • (V) Vagrant - a species rarely occurring in New Zealand or a portion thereof.

The Checklist of the birds of New Zealand, published in 2010 by Te Papa Press, in association with the Ornithological Society of New Zealand, is an authoritative list of New Zealand birds.

Kiwi[edit]

Order: Struthioniformes Family: Apterygidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Great spotted kiwi
Apteryx haastii*
B
Little spotted kiwi
Apteryx owenii*
B B
Okarito brown kiwi
Apteryx rowi*
B
Tokoeka
Apteryx australis*
B B
North Island brown kiwi
Apteryx mantelli*
B

Moa[edit]

Order: Struthioniformes Family: Dinornithidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Upland moa
Megalapteryx didinus*
X
Bush moa
Anomalopteryx didiformis*
X X
Coastal moa
Euryapteryx curtus*
X
Broad-billed moa
Euryapteryx geranoides*
X
Eastern moa
Emeus crassus*
X
Crested moa
Pachyornis australis*
X
Heavy-footed moa
Pachyornis elephantopus *
X X
North Island giant moa
Dinornis novaezealandiae
X
South Island giant moa
Dinornis robustus
X X

Penguins[edit]

Order: Sphenisciformes Family: Spheniscidae

The penguins are a group of aquatic, flightless birds living almost exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere. Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid, and other forms of sealife caught while swimming underwater.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
King penguin
Aptenodytes patagonicus
V V V V V V V
Emperor penguin
Aptenodytes forsteri
V V
Gentoo penguin
Pygoscelis papua
V V V V
Adelie penguin
Pygoscelis adeliae
V
Chinstrap penguin
Pygoscelis antarctica
V V V
Northern rockhopper penguin
Eudyptes moseleyi
V V
Southern rockhopper penguin
Eudyptes chrysocome
V
Fiordland penguin
Eudyptes pachyrhynchus*
V B B V V V
Snares penguin
Eudyptes robustus*
V V V V B V V V
Erect-crested penguin
Eudyptes sclateri*
V V V V V V V B B
Macaroni penguin
Eudyptes chrysolophus
V V
Royal penguin
Eudyptes schlegeli
V V V V V V
Yellow-eyed penguin
Megadyptes antipodes *
V B B V V B B
Waitaha penguin
Megadyptes waitaha *
X X
Blue penguin
Eudyptula minor
B B B B V

Fulmars, petrels and shearwaters[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Procellariidae

The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized "true petrels", characterised by united nostrils with medium nasal septum, and a long outer functional primary flight feather.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Southern giant petrel
Macronectes giganteus
P
Northern giant petrel
Macronectes halli
P P P B P B B B
Northern fulmar
Fulmarus glacialis
V
Southern fulmar
Fulmarus glacialoides
P
Antarctic petrel
Thalassoica antarctica
V
Cape petrel
Daption capense
P P P B B B B B B
Kerguelen petrel
Lugensa brevirostris
P P P P P P P P P
Tahiti petrel
Pseudobulweria rostrata
V
Bulwer's petrel
Pseudobulweria bulwerii
V
Grey-faced petrel
Pterodroma gouldi
P B P P P P P P P P
White-headed petrel
Pterodroma lessonii
P P P P P B B? B P
Mottled petrel
Pterodroma inexpectata
P P B B P B P P P P
Providence petrel
Pterodroma solandri
V V V
Kermadec petrel
Pterodroma neglecta
B V V
Magenta petrel
Pterodroma magentae
B
Herald petrel
Pterodroma heraldica
V
Phoenix petrel
Pterodroma alba
V
Soft-plumaged petrel
Pterodroma mollis
P P P B P P P B P
Imber's petrel
Pterodroma imberi
X
Juan Fernandez petrel
Pterodroma externa
V V V V
White-necked petrel
Pterodroma cervicalis
B P P P
Cook's petrel
Pterodroma cookii
P B P B P P P P P P
Gould's petrel
Pterodroma leucoptera
P V
Black-winged petrel
Pterodroma nigripennis
B B P B P P P P
Chatham petrel
Pterodroma axillaris
B
Stejneger's petrel
Pterodroma longirostris
V V
Pycroft's petrel
Pterodroma pycrofti
V B V
Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Blue petrel
Halobaena caerulea
P
Broad-billed prion
Pachyptila vittata
P P B B B B P P P P
Salvin's prion
Pachyptila salvini
P
Antarctic prion
Pachyptila desolata
P P P P P P B B P P
Slender-billed prion
Pachyptila belcheri
P
Fulmar prion
Pachyptila crassirostris
P P P P B B B P P B
Fairy prion
Pachyptila turtur
P B B B B B B B B P
Grey petrel
Procellaria cinerea
P P P P P P P B B P
White-chinned petrel
Procellaria aequinoctialis
P P P P P P B B B P
Black petrel
Procellaria parkinsoni
P B P P
Westland petrel
Procellaria westlandica
P P B P P P P P P P
Cory's shearwater
Calonectris diomedea
V
Streaked shearwater
Calonectris leucomelas
V
Pink-footed shearwater
Ardenna creatopus
V
Flesh-footed shearwater
Ardenna carneipes
P B P P
Wedge-tailed shearwater
Ardenna pacifica
B P
Buller's shearwater
Ardenna bulleri
P B P P P P
Great shearwater
Ardenna gravis
V V V
Sooty shearwater or titi]]
Ardenna grisea
P B B B B B B B B P
Short-tailed shearwater
Ardenna tenuirostris
P
Christmas shearwater
Puffinus nativitatis
V V
Newell's shearwater
Puffinus newelli
V
Manx shearwater
Puffinus puffinus
V
Hutton's shearwater
Puffinus huttoni
P B P P
Fluttering shearwater
Puffinus gavia
P B P P P P
Scarlett's shearwater
Puffinus spelaus
X
Little shearwater
Puffinus assimilis
B B P
Subantarctic shearwater
Puffinus elegans
P P P B P P B P P
Common diving petrel
Pelecanoides urinatrix
B B B B B B B B
South Georgia diving petrel
Pelecanoides georgicus
B B B

Storm petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae

The storm petrels are the smallest seabirds, relatives of the petrels, feeding on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. Their flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Wilson's storm petrel
Oceanites oceanicus
P
Grey-backed storm petrel
Oceanites nereis
P P P B P B P B P
New Zealand storm petrel
Oceanites maorianus*
B
White-faced storm petrel
Pelagodroma marina
B B B B B P B P P P
Black-bellied storm petrel
Fregetta tropica
P P P P P P B P B B
White-bellied storm petrel
Fregetta grallaria
B V
Leach's storm petrel
Oceanodroma leucorhoa
V V

Albatrosses (or toroa)[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Diomedeidae

The albatrosses are a family of large seabird found across the Southern and North Pacific Oceans. The largest are among the largest flying birds in the world.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Wandering albatross
Diomedea exulans
P
Antipodean albatross
Diomedea antipodensis*
P P P P B P B B B P
Southern royal albatross
Diomedea epomophora*
V P P P P P B B P P
Northern royal albatross
Diomedea sanfordi*
V P B P B P B P P P
Black-footed albatross
Phoebastria nigripes
V
White-capped albatross
Thalassarche cauta
P P P P B P B P B P
Salvin's albatross
Thalassarche salvini
P P P P P B P P P B
Chatham albatross
Thalassarche eremita*
P P P P B P P P P
Black-browed albatross
Thalassarche melanophrys
P P P P P B P B B P
Campbell albatross
Thalassarche melanophrys*
P P P P P P P B P P
Grey-headed albatross
Thalassarche chrysostoma
P P P P P P P B P P
Buller's albatross
Thalassarche bulleri
P P B P B B P P P P
Atlantic yellow-nosed albatross
Thalassarche chlororhynchos
V
Indian yellow-nosed albatross
Thalassarche carteri
P P P P
Sooty albatross
Phoebetria fusca
V V V V
Light-mantled albatross
Phoebetria palpebrata
P P P P P B B B P

Tropicbirds[edit]

Order: Phaethontiformes   Family: Phaethontidae

Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their long wings have black markings, as does the head.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Red-tailed tropicbird
Phaethon rubricauda
B P
White-tailed tropicbird
Phaethon lepturus
V

Frigatebirds[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Fregatidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Lesser frigatebird
Fregata ariel
V V V
Great frigatebird
Fregata minor
V V

Boobies and gannets[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Sulidae

The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups are medium-large coastal seabirds that plunge-dive for fish.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Takapu or Australasian gannet,
Morus serrator
B B P P P P P
Cape gannet
Morus capensis
V
Red-footed booby
Sula sula
V
Masked booby
Sula dactylatra
B V
Brown booby
Sula leucogaster
P P P V

Cormorants[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae

The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating sea-birds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. The bill is long, thin and sharply hooked.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Kawaupaka or little shag
Microcarbo melanoleucos
B B B V V V
Kawau or black shag
Phalacrocorax carbo
B B B V V V
Karuhiruhi or pied shag
Phalacrocorax varius
B B
Little black shag
Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
B B V V
Spotted shag
Phalacrocorax punctatus
B B
Pitt shag
Phalacrocorax featherstoni
B
King shag
Phalacrocorax carunculatus
B
Stewart shag
Phalacrocorax chalconotus
B B
Campbell shag
Phalacrocorax campbelli
B
Auckland shag
Phalacrocorax colensoi
V B
Bounty shag
Phalacrocorax ranfurlyi
V B
Chatham shag
Phalacrocorax onslowi
B

Darters[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Anhingidae

Darters are frequently referred to as "snake-birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged. The males have black and dark brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. The females have a much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. The darters have completely webbed feet, and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Australasian darter
Anhinga novaehollandiae
V V

Pelicans[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Pelecanidae

Pelicans are large water birds with distinctive pouches under their bills. Like other birds in the order Pelecaniformes, they have four webbed toes.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Australian pelican
Pelecanus conspicillatus
V V

Bitterns, herons and egrets[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Ardeidae

The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds suck as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Grey heron
Ardea cinerea
V
White-necked heron
Ardea pacifica
V V V
White heron or kotuku
Ardea alba
V P B V V V
Cattle egret
Bubulcus ibis
V P P P V V
Intermediate egret
Mesophoyx intermedia
V V
White-faced heron
Egretta novaehollandiae
V B B V B V V V
Little egret
Egretta garzetta
V V V
Reef heron
Egretta sacra
V B B P V V
Nankeen night heron
Nycticorax caledonicus
B V V V
Little bittern
Ixobrychus minutus
V
New Zealand bittern
Ixobrychus novaezelandiae
X X X

Ibises and spoonbills[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Threskiornithidae

The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Glossy ibis
Plegadis falcinellus
P P V
Australian white ibis
Threskiornis molucca
V V
Straw-necked ibis
Threskiornis spinicollis
V
Royal spoonbill
Platalea regia
V B B V
Yellow-billed spoonbill
Platalea flavipes
V

Ducks, geese and swans[edit]

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anatidae

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These are adapted for an aquatic existence, with webbed feet, bills that are flattened to a greater or lesser extent, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to special oils.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Plumed whistling duck
Dendrocygna eytoni
V V V
Mute swan
Cygnus olor
I I
Black swan
Cygnus atratus[3]
I I I
Canada goose
Branta canadensis
V I I V V
Cape Barren goose
Cereopsis novahollandiae
V V
North Island goose
Cnemiornis gracilis*
X
South Island goose
Cnemiornis calcitrans *
X
Greylag goose
Anser anser
I I I
Paradise shelduck (Putangitangi)
Tadorna variegata*
V B B B V
Australian shelduck
Tadorna tadornoides
V V V V V V V V
Australian wood duck
Chenonetta jubata
V V
Finsch's duck
Chenonetta finschi*
X X
Blue duck or whio
Hymenolaimus malacorhynchos*
B B
Scarlett's duck
Malacorhynchus scarletti*
X X X
Pink-eared duck
Malacorhynchus membranaceus
V
Chatham duck
Anas chathamica
X
Mallard
Anas platyrhynchos
I I I I I I I I
Grey duck
Anas superciliosa
ex B B V V ex ex ex
Australasian shoveler
Anas rhynchotis
B B V V V V
Northern shoveler
Anas clypeata
V V
Grey teal
Anas gracilis
B B V V V V V
Chestnut teal
Anas castanea
V V
Brown teal
Anas chlorotis*
B B ex ex
Auckland teal
Anas aucklandica*
B
Campbell teal
Anas nesiotis*
B
Northern pintail
Anas acuta
V
New Zealand stiff-tailed duck
Oxyura vantetsi
X X
Hardhead
Aythya australis
V V V
New Zealand scaup
Aythya novaeseelandiae
B B ex ex
New Zealand musk duck
Biziura delautouri
X X
New Zealand merganser
Mergus australis
X X X X
Chatham merganser
Mergus milleneri
X

Adzebills[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Aptornithidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
North Island adzebill
Aptornis otidiformis
X
South Island adzebill
Aptornis defossor
X

Rails, crakes and coots[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Rallidae

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots and gallinules. The most typical family members occupy dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, making them difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs and long toes which are well adapted to soft uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and to be weak fliers.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Corn crake
Crex crex
V
Auckland rail
Lewinia muelleri
B
Buff-banded rail
Gallirallus philippensis
B B B
Dieffenbach's rail
Gallirallus dieffenbachii
X
Weka
Gallirallus australis
B B B I
Chatham rail
Cabalus modestus
X
Snipe-rail
Capellirallus karamu
X
Hawkins's rail
Diaphorapteryx hawkinsi
X
Spotless crake
Porzana tabuensis
B B B ex
Marsh crake
Porzana pusilla
B B B B
Australian crake
Porzana fluminea
V
Black-tailed nativehen
Tribonyx ventralis
V V
Hodgen's waterhen
Tribonyx hodgenorum
X X
Common moorhen
Gallinula chloropus
V
Dusky moorhen
Gallinula tenebrosa
V
Pūkeko
Porphyrio melanotus
B B B B B V
North Island takahē
Porphyrio mantelli
X
South Island takahē
Porphyrio hochstetteri
B
New Zealand coot
Fulica prisca
X X
Australian coot
Fulica atra
B B
Chatham coot
Fulica chathamensis
X

Cranes[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Gruidae

Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances".

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Unidentified crane
Grus sp.
V V

Pheasants[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Phasianidae

Phasianidae consists of the pheasants and their allies. These are terrestrial species, variable in size but generally plump, with broad, relatively short wings. Many species are gamebirds or have been domesticated as a food source for humans.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Chukar
Alectoris chukar
I
Koreke or New Zealand quail
Coturnix novaezelandiae
X X
Brown quail
Coturnix ypsilophora
I
Common pheasant
Phasianus colchicus
I I
Indian peafowl
Pavo cristatus
I I
Wild turkey
Meleagris gallopavo
I I

New World quail[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Odontophoridae

The New World quails are small, plump terrestrial birds only distantly related to the quails of the Old World, but named for their similar appearance and habits.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
California quail
Callipepla californica
I I I

Oystercatchers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Haematopodidae

The oystercatchers are large, obvious and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prying open molluscs.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Torea or variable oystercatcher
Haematopus unicolor
B B B
South Island oystercatcher
Haematopus finschi
V P B P V V V V
Chatham oystercatcher
Haematopus chathamensis
B

Avocets and stilts[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Red-necked avocet
Recurvirostra novaehollandiae
V V
Kaki or black stilt
Himantopus novaezelandiae
P B
Pied stilt
Himantopus leucocephalus
B B B

Plovers and lapwings[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Pacific golden plover
Pluvialis fulva
P P P P P V
American golden plover
Pluvialis dominucus
V
Grey plover
Pluvialis squatarola
V V V V
Ngutuparore or wrybill
Anarhynchus frontalis
P B
Semipalmated plover
Charadrius semipalmatus
V
Red-capped plover
Charadrius ruficapillus
V V
Banded dotterel
Charadrius bicinctus
V B B B B B P
Tuturiwhatu or New Zealand dotterel
Charadrius obscurus
B P B
Lesser sand plover
Charadrius mongolus
P P V
Greater sand plover
Charadrius leschenaulti
P P
Oriental plover
Charadrius veredus
V V V V
Black-fronted dotterel
Elsyornis melanops
B B
Red-kneed dotterel
Elsyornis cinctus
V
Masked lapwing
Vanellus miles
V B B B B V V V V
Tuturuatu or shore plover
Thinornis novaeseelandiae
B B B B

Waders or shorebirds[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae

The Scolopacidae is a large diverse family of small to medium-sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of these species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Different lengths of legs and bills enable multiple species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
North Island snipe
Coenocorypha barrierensis
X
South Island snipe
Coenocorypha iredalei
X X
Forbes's snipe
Coenocorypha chathamica
X
Chatham snipe
Coenocorypha pusilla
B
Snares snipe
Coenocorypha huegeli
B
Subantarctic snipe
Coenocorypha aucklandica
B B B
Japanese snipe
Gallinago hardwickii
V V V V
Great knot
Calidris tenuirostris
P P
Huahou or red knot
Calidris canutus
V P P P V V
Sanderling
Calidris alba
P P V
Dunlin
Calidris alpina
V
Curlew sandpiper
Calidris ferruginea
P P V V
Stilt sandpiper
Calidris himantopus
V
Sharp-tailed sandpiper
Calidris acuminata
V P P P P V V
Pectoral sandpiper
Calidris melanotos
P P V
Baird's sandpiper
Calidris bairdii
V
White-rumped sandpiper
Calidris fuscicollis
V
Little stint
Calidris minuta
V
Red-necked stint
Calidris ruficollis
P P V V
Long-toed stint
Calidris subminuta
V
Least sandpiper
Calidris minutilla
V
Semipalmated sandpiper
Calidris pusilla
V
Western sandpiper
Calidris mauri
V V
Broad-billed sandpiper
Limicola falcinellus
V V
Buff-breasted sandpiper
Tryngites subruficollis
V
Ruff
Philomachus pugnax
V
Asiatic dowitcher
Limnodromus semipalmatus
V V
Far Eastern curlew
Numenius madagascarensis
V P P V V V
Whimbrel
Numenius phaeopus
V P P V
Little curlew
Numenius minutus
P P
Bristle-thighed curlew
Numenius tahitiensis
V
Bar-tailed godwit
Limosa lapponica
P P
Black-tailed godwit
Limosa limosa
P P P V
Hudsonian godwit
Limosa haemastica
P P P V
Upland sandpiper
Bartramia longicauda
V
Wandering tattler
Tringa incana
V P P V V
Grey-tailed tattler
Tringa brevipes
V P P V V V
Common sandpiper
Tringa hypoleucos
V V V
Common greenshank
Tringa nebularia
P P V V V
Marsh sandpiper
Tringa stagnatilis
P P P
Lesser yellowlegs
Tringa flavipes
V V V
Terek sandpiper
Tringa cinerea
V V
Ruddy turnstone
Arenaria interpres
V P P P P V P V V
Grey phalarope
Phalaropus fulicarius
V V
Red-necked phalarope
Phalaropus lobatus
V V
Wilson's phalarope
Phalaropus tricolor
V V

Pratincoles and coursers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Glareolidae

Pratincoles have short legs, very long pointed wings and long forked tails. Their most unusual feature for birds classed as waders is that they typically hunt their insect prey on the wing like swallows, although they can also feed on the ground. Their short bills are an adaptation to aerial feeding.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Oriental pratincole
Glareola maldivarum
V V V V

Painted-snipe[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Rostratulidae

Painted-snipe are short-legged, long-billed birds similar in shape to the true snipes, but more brightly coloured.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Greater painted-snipe
Rostratula benghalensis
V

Gulls and terns[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Laridae

Laridae is a family of medium to large seabirds and includes gulls, terns, kittiwakes and skimmers. They are typically gray or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Pacific gull
Larus pacificus
V
Karoro or southern black-backed gull
Larus dominicanus
V B B B B B B B B B
Laughing gull
Leucophaeus atricilla
V
Franklin's gull
Leucophaeus pipixcan
V V V
Red-billed gull
Chroicocephalus scopulinus
B B B B B B B
Black-billed gull
Chroicocephalus bulleri
B B
Black noddy
Anous minutus
B V
Brown noddy
Anous stolidus
B V
Grey noddy
Procelesterna cerulea
B P
White tern
Gygis alba
B V V
Sooty tern
Onychoprion fuscatus
B V
Grey-backed tern
Onychoprion lunatus
V
Bridled tern
Onychoprion anaethetus
V
Taranui or Caspian tern
Hydroprogne caspia
V P P V
Gull-billed tern
Gelochelidon nilotica
P P
White-fronted tern
Sterna striata
B B B B B B
Common tern
Sterna hirundo
P P
Antarctic tern
Sterna vittata
V P B V B B B B B
Arctic tern
Sterna paradisaea
V V V V V V V V
Tarapiroe or black-fronted tern
Chlidonias albostriatus
P B
Whiskered tern
Chlidonias hybridus
V V
White-winged black tern
Chlidonias leucopterus
P P
Little tern
Sternula albifrons
V P P V
Fairy tern
Sternula nereis
B ex
Crested tern
Thalasseus bergii
V V V

Skuas[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae

They are in general medium to large birds, typically with gray or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They have longish bills with hooked tips and webbed feet with sharp claws. They look like large dark gulls, but have a fleshy cere above the upper mandible. They are strong, acrobatic fliers.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Arctic skua
Stercorarius parasiticus
V P P P V
Pomarine skua
Stercorarius pomarinus
P P P
Long-tailed skua
Stercorarius longicaudus
P P P
Subantarctic skua
Stercorarius antarcticus
P P B B B B B B B P
South polar skua
Stercorarius maccormicki
V V V V V V V V V V

Pigeons and doves[edit]

Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Kererū or New Zealand pigeon
Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae
B B B
Parea or Chatham pigeon
Hemiphaga chathamensis
B
Rock dove
Columba livia
I I I V V V
Spotted dove
Spilopelia chinensis
I
Barbary dove
Spilopelia risoria
I I

Grebes[edit]

Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae

Grebes are small to medium-large freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Australasian grebe
Tachybaptus novaehollandiae
B P
New Zealand dabchick
Poliocephalus rufopectus*
B V
Hoary-headed grebe
Poliocephalus poliocephalus
V V V V
Australasian crested grebe
Podiceps cristatus
V B

Hawks, kites and eagles[edit]

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae

Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and includes the osprey, hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have very large powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons and keen eyesight.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Black kite
Milvus migrans
V V
Eyles's harrier
Circus eylesi
X X
Kahu or swamp harrier
Circus approximans
P B B B B P P P
Haast's eagle
Harpagornis moorei
X X
White-bellied sea eagle
Haliaeetus leucogaster
V

Falcons[edit]

Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey, notably the falcons and caracaras. They differ from hawks, eagles and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their talons.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Nankeen kestrel
Falco cenchroides
V V
Kārearea or New Zealand falcon
Falco novaeseelandiae
B B P ex P B
Black falcon
Falco subniger
V

Barn owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Tytonidae

Barn owls are medium to large owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Barn owl
Tyto alba
V V

True owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Strigidae

Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Little owl
Athene noctua
I
Whekau or laughing owl
Sceloglaux albifacies
X X X
Ruru or morepork
Ninox novaeseelandiae
B B B V

Owlet-nightjars[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Aegothelidae

The owlet-nightjars are a distinctive group of small nocturnal birds related to swifts found from the Maluku Islands and New Guinea to Australia and New Caledonia.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
New Zealand owlet-nightjar
Aegotheles novaezealandiae
X X

Swifts[edit]

Order: Apodiformes   Family: Apodidae

Swifts are small birds which spend the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
White-throated needletail
Hirandapus caudacutus
P P P P P P
Pacific swift
Apus pacificus
V V V V

Cuckoos[edit]

Order: Cuculiformes   Family: Cuculidae

The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. The Old World cuckoos are brood parasites.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Koekoea or long-tailed cuckoo
Eudynamys taitensis
P B B P P P
Pipiwharauroa or shining cuckoo
Chrysococcyx lucidus
P B B B B P P
Fan-tailed cuckoo
Cacomantis flabelliformis
V V
Pallid cuckoo
Cacomantis pallidus
V V
Oriental cuckoo
Cuculus optatus
V V V V V
Channel-billed cuckoo
Scythrops novaehollandiae
V V

Cockatoos[edit]

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Cacatuidae

The cockatoos share many features with other parrots including the characteristic curved beak shape and a zygodactyl foot, with two forward toes and two backwards toes. They differ, however in a number of characteristics, including the often spectacular movable headcrest.

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Sulphur-crested cockatoo
Cacatua galerita
I I
Galah
Eolophus roseicapillus
I

Old world parrots[edit]

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittaculidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Kākāriki or red-fronted parakeet
Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae
B B B B B B
Kākāriki karaka or orange-fronted parakeet
Cyanoramphus malherbi
B
Kākāriki or yellow-crowned parakeet
Cyanoramphus auriceps
B B B
Forbes's parakeet
Cyanoramphus forbesi
B
Antipodes parakeet
Cyanoramphus unicolor
B
Reischek's parakeet
Cyanoramphus hochstetteri
B
Eastern rosella
Platycercus eximius
I I V

New Zealand parrots[edit]

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Strigopidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Kea
Nestor notabilis
B
New Zealand kākā
Nestor meridionalis
B B B
Chatham kākā
Nestor chathamensis
X
Kākāpō
Strigops habroptila
B B B

Rollers[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Coraciidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Dollarbird
Eurystomus orientalis
V V

Kingfishers[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Kōtare or sacred kingfisher
Todiramphus sacra
B B B B V
Laughing kookaburra
Dacelo novaeguineae
I V

New Zealand wrens[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acanthisittidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Bush wren
Xenicus longipes
X X X
Rock wren
Xenicus gilviventris
B
Lyall's wren
Traversia lyalli
X X
Titipounamu or rifleman
Acanthisitta chloris
B B ex
South Island stout-legged wren
Pachyplichas yaldwyni
X
North Island stout-legged wren
Pachyplichas jagmi
X
Long-billed wren
Dendroscansor decurvirostris
X

Crows and ravens[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Corvidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
New Zealand raven
Corvus antipodum
X X X
Chatham raven
Corvus moriorum
X
Rook
Corvus frugilegus
I I I I

Cuckooshrikes and trillers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Campephagidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Black-faced cuckooshrike
Coracina novaehollandiae
V V V
White-winged triller
Lalage tricolor
V

Old World orioles[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Oriolidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
South Island piopio
Turnagra capensis
X
North Island piopio
Turnagra tanagra
X

Wagtails and pipits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Pīhoihoi or New Zealand pipit
Anthus novaeseelandiae
V B B B B V B B

Grassbirds[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Locustellidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Matata or New Zealand fernbird
Megalurus punctatus
B B B B
Chatham fernbird
Megalurus rufescens
X

Reed warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acrocephalidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Australian reed warbler
Acrocephalus australis
V

Australasian robins[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Petroicidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Miromiro or tomtit
Petroica macrocephala
B B B B B B
South Island robin
Petroica australis
B B
North Island robin
Petroica longipes
B
Black robin
Petroica traversi
B

Mohouids[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Mohouidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Popokotea or whitehead
Mohoua albicilla
B
Mohua or yellowhead
Mohoua ochrocephala
B B
Pipipi or brown creeper
Mohoua novaeseelandiae
B B

Monarch flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Monarchidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Black-faced monarch
Monarcha melanopsis
V
Satin flycatcher
Myiagra cyanoleuca
V V
Magpie-lark
Grallina cyanoleuca
V

Australasian warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acanthizidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Riroriro or grey warbler
Gerygone igata
B B B V
Chatham warbler
Gerygone albofrontata
B

Honeyeaters[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Meliphagidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Tui
Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae
B B B B B B
Red wattlebird
Anthochaera carunculata
V
Korimako or New Zealand bellbird
Anthornis melanura
B B B B V
Chatham bellbird
Anthornis melanocephala
X

Stitchbird[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Notiomystidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Hihi or stitchbird
Notiomystis cincta
B

New Zealand wattlebirds[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Callaeidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
North Island kōkako
Callaeas wilsoni
B
South Island kōkako
Callaeas cinereus
B? ex
North Island saddleback
Philesturnus rufusater
B
South Island saddleback
Philesturnus carunculatus
B B
Huia
Heteralocha acutirostris
X

Fantails[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Rhipiduridae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Piwakawaka or New Zealand fantail
Rhipidura fuliginosa
B B B B ex
Willie wagtail
Rhipidura leucophrys
V

White-eyes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Zosteropidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Tauhou or silvereye
Zosterops lateralis
B B B B B B B B B

Woodswallows and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Artamidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Masked woodswallow
Artamus personatus
V
White-browed woodswallow
Artamus superciliosus
V V
Dusky woodswallow
Artamus cyanopterus
V
Australian magpie
Gymnorhina tibicen
I I

Starlings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sturnidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Common myna
Acridotheres tristis
I
Common starling
Sturnus vulgaris
I I I I I I I I I V

Buntings, seedeaters and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Yellowhammer
Emberiza citrinella
I I I I I V V V V
Cirl bunting
Emberiza cirlus
I I


Finches and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Common chaffinch
Fringilla coelebs
V I I I I I I I V
European greenfinch
Chloris chloris
V I I I I V V
Common redpoll
Acanthis flammea
V I I I I I I I I V
European goldfinch
Carduelis carduelis
V I I I I V V V V

Old World sparrows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
House sparrow
Passer domesticus
I I I I V V V V

Accentors[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Prunellidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Dunnock
Prunella modularis
I I I I V B B B

Thrushes and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Turdidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Song thrush
Turdus philomelos
I I I I I I V V V
Common blackbird
Turdus merula
I I I I I I I I V

Swallows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Welcome swallow
Hirundo neoxena
B B B B B P P V
Fairy martin
Petrochelidon ariel
V V V
Tree martin
Petrochelidon nigricans
V V V V

Larks[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Alaudidae

Species Kermadecs North I South I Stewart Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Eurasian skylark
Alauda arvensis
I I I

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/ retrieved 11 August 2016
  2. ^ Lepage, Denis (1 January 2017). "Checklist of birds of New Zealand". Avibase. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  3. ^ The current black swan found in NZ is introduced from Australia. A subspecies called the New Zealand swan formerly native to NZ is now extinct.

External links[edit]