List of birds of Oregon

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The western meadowlark is Oregon's state bird.

This list of Oregon birds lists wild bird species found in the U.S. state of Oregon. This list is presented in the taxonomic sequence of The Check-list of North American Birds (7th edition through the 57th supplement, 2016), published by the American Ornithological Society.[1] Common and scientific names are also those of the Check-list. The list contains 536 species, of which two have been extirpated, nine have been introduced to North America by humans, and 153 are casual or rare visitors to the state.[2][3] Members of these last two categories are tagged (I) and (R) respectively.

Bird counts often change depending on factors such as the number and training of the observers, as well as opinions about what constitutes an officially recognized subspecies. Though northern climes typically do not support as many species as southerly locations, Oregon is fifth in bird species diversity in the United States, behind Florida, New Mexico, Texas and California.[2] This amount of diversity is attributable to Oregon's numerous distinctive ecoregions and relatively mild winter weather, which make it an important wintering ground for migratory bird species, especially waterfowl, on the Pacific Flyway.

Another result of the state's varying ecology is the 120 Important Bird Areas, such as the Jackson Bottom Wetlands Preserve, that are recognized as important conservation sites for birds.[4] Many of these dedicated wildlife refuges have become meccas for birding enthusiasts, and Oregon has participated in formally organized birding activities such as the Christmas Bird Count since the early 1900s.[5] Other areas are closed to human access but are very popular with birds, such as Oregon Islands National Wildlife Refuge which spans some 250 miles (400 km) of the Oregon Coast.

As an important U.S. region of bird diversity, Oregon has faced some serious challenges in protecting endangered and threatened avian species. In addition to high profile, threatened species such as the northern spotted owl and snowy plover, even many common species—including Oregon's state bird, the western meadowlark—have declined considerably due to hunting, habitat loss and other factors.[6]

Contents

Order Anseriformes[edit]

Family Anatidae[edit]

Black-bellied whistling-duck
Subfamily Dendrocygninae
Canada goose
Subfamily Anserinae
Wood duck
Falcated duck
Ring-necked duck
Subfamily Anatinae

Order Galliformes[edit]

Mountain quail

Family Odontophoridae[edit]

Family Phasianidae[edit]

Subfamily Phasianinae
Subfamily Tetraoninae
Subfamily Meleagridinae

Order Podicipediformes[edit]

Western grebe

Family Podicipedidae[edit]

Order Columbiformes[edit]

Mourning dove

Family Columbidae[edit]

Order Cuculiformes[edit]

Family Cuculidae[edit]

Subfamily Cuculinae
Subfamily Neomorphinae

Order Caprimulgiformes[edit]

Family Caprimulgidae[edit]

Subfamily Chordeilinae
Subfamily Caprimulginae

Order Apodiformes[edit]

Family Apodidae[edit]

Subfamily Cypseloidinae
Subfamily Chaeturinae
Subfamily Apodinae

Family Trochilidae[edit]

Subfamily Trochilinae

Order Gruiformes[edit]

Family Rallidae[edit]

Family Gruidae[edit]

Subfamily Gruinae

Order Charadriiformes[edit]

American avocet
Black oystercatcher
Snowy plover
Killdeer
Sanderling
Pectoral sandpiper
Long-billed dowitcher
Greater yellowlegs
Pomarine jaeger
Tufted puffin
Black-headed gull
Herring gull
Glaucous-winged gull

Family Recurvirostridae[edit]

Family Haematopodidae[edit]

Family Charadriidae[edit]

Subfamily Charadriinae

Family Scolopacidae[edit]

Subfamily Numeniinae
Subfamily Limosinae
Subfamily Arenariinae
Subfamily Scolopacinae
Subfamily Tringinae

Family Stercorariidae[edit]

Family Alcidae[edit]

Family Laridae[edit]

Subfamily Larinae
Subfamily Sterninae
Subfamily Rynchopinae

Order Phaethontiformes[edit]

Family Phaethontidae[edit]

Order Gaviiformes[edit]

Red-throated loon

Family Gaviidae[edit]

Order Procellariiformes[edit]

Short-tailed albatross
Northern fulmar

Family Diomedeidae[edit]

Family Procellariidae[edit]

Family Hydrobatidae[edit]

Order Suliformes[edit]

Blue-footed booby
Brandt's cormorant

Family Fregatidae[edit]

Family Sulidae[edit]

Family Phalacrocoracidae[edit]

Order Pelecaniformes[edit]

Great blue heron
Green heron

Family Pelecanidae[edit]

Family Ardeidae[edit]

Family Threskiornithidae[edit]

Subfamily Threskiornithinae

Order Cathartiformes[edit]

Family Cathartidae[edit]

Order Accipitriformes[edit]

Osprey

Family Pandionidae[edit]

Subfamily Pandioninae

Family Accipitridae[edit]

Subfamily Accipitrinae

Order Strigiformes[edit]

Snowy owl
Spotted owl

Family Tytonidae[edit]

Family Strigidae[edit]

Order Coraciiformes[edit]

Family Alcedinidae[edit]

Subfamily Cerylinae

Order Piciformes[edit]

Red-breasted sapsucker
American three-toed woodpecker

Family Picidae[edit]

Subfamily Picinae

Order Falconiformes[edit]

American kestrel

Family Falconidae[edit]

Subfamily Caracarinae
Subfamily Falconinae

Order Passeriformes[edit]

Least flycatcher
Cassin's kingbird
Scissor-tailed flycatcher
Yellow-throated vireo
Steller's jay
American crow
Barn swallow
Black-capped chickadee
Rock wren
American dipper
Western bluebird
Varied thrush
Cedar waxwing
White wagtail
Black-and-white warbler
Prothonotary warbler
Yellow warbler
Yellow-rumped warbler
Scarlet tanager
Lark sparrow
Fox sparrow
Dark-eyed junco
Rose-breasted grosbeak

Family Tyrannidae[edit]

Subfamily Fluvicolinae
Subfamily Tyranninae

Family Laniidae[edit]

Family Vireonidae[edit]

Family Corvidae[edit]

Family Alaudidae[edit]

Family Hirundinidae[edit]

Subfamily Hirundininae

Family Paridae[edit]

Family Aegithalidae[edit]

Family Sittidae[edit]

Subfamily Sittinae

Family Certhiidae[edit]

Subfamily Certhiinae

Family Troglodytidae[edit]

Family Polioptilidae[edit]

Subfamily Polioptilinae

Family Cinclidae[edit]

Family Regulidae[edit]

Family Sylviidae[edit]

Family Muscicapidae[edit]

Family Turdidae[edit]

Family Mimidae[edit]

Family Sturnidae[edit]

Family Bombycillidae[edit]

Family Ptiliogonatidae[edit]

Family Passeridae[edit]

Family Motacillidae[edit]

Family Fringillidae[edit]

Subfamily Fringillinae
Subfamily Carduelinae

Family Calcariidae[edit]

Family Parulidae[edit]

Family Emberizidae[edit]

Family Cardinalidae[edit]

Family Icteridae[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.americanornithology.org/content/checklist-north-and-middle-american-birds Check-List of North American Birds, 7th Edition, 57th Supplement retrieved 25 July 2016
  2. ^ a b Marshall, David B.; Hunter, Matthew G.; Contreras, Alan L. (2006). Birds of Oregon: A General Reference. Oregon State University Press. ISBN 0-87071-182-2. 
  3. ^ "Official Checklist of Oregon Birds". Oregon Field Ornithologists. July 2016. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  4. ^ "Important Bird Areas". Audubon Society of Portland. Retrieved January 12, 2009. 
  5. ^ Stahlberg, Mike (January 10, 2000). "Faithful Oregon birders carry on annual census begun 100 years ago". The Seattle Times. The Seattle Times Company. Retrieved January 12, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Common yard birds disappearing in Oregon". The Seattle Times. The Seattle Times Company. June 16, 2007. Retrieved January 12, 2009. 

See also[edit]