List of birds of Poland

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A white-tailed eagle, the national bird

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Poland. The avifauna of Poland include 468 species, of which 2 have been introduced by humans and seven have not occurred since 1950.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of the Polish Fauna Commission (Komisja Faunistyczna). Supplemental updates follow The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 2019 edition.[1][2]

The Polish names of the birds, with their scientific names, are in the Polish Wikipedia article.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. The commonly occurring native species do not fall into any of these categories.

  • (B) Historical - species that have not occurred in Poland since 1950
  • (C) Introduced - species introduced to Poland as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions
  • (*) Rare - species that are rare or accidental in Poland


Ducks, geese, and waterfowl[edit]

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anatidae

Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These birds are adapted to an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating.

Common name Binomial Status
Graylag goose Anser anser
Greater white-fronted goose Anser albifrons
Lesser white-fronted goose Anser erythropus *
Taiga bean-goose Anser fabalis
Tundra bean-goose Anser serrirostris
Pink-footed goose Anser brachyrhynchus
Brant Branta bernicla *
Barnacle goose Branta leucopsis
Canada goose Branta canadensis
Red-breasted goose Branta ruficollis *
Mute swan Cygnus olor
Tundra swan Cygnus columbianus
Whooper swan Cygnus cygnus
Egyptian goose Alopochen aegyptiaca
Ruddy shelduck Tadorna ferruginea *
Common shelduck Tadorna tadorna
Mandarin duck Aix galericulata
Garganey Spatula querquedula
Blue-winged teal Spatula discors *
Northern shoveler Spatula clypeata
Gadwall Mareca strepera
Eurasian wigeon Mareca penelope
American wigeon Mareca americana *
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Northern pintail Anas acuta
Green-winged teal Anas crecca
Red-crested pochard Netta rufina
Common pochard Aythya ferina
Ring-necked duck Aythya collaris *
Ferruginous duck Aythya nyroca
Tufted duck Aythya fuligula
Greater scaup Aythya marila
Lesser scaup Aythya affinis *
Steller's eider Polysticta stelleri *
King eider Somateria spectabilis *
Common eider Somateria mollissima
Harlequin duck Histrionicus histrionicus *
Surf scoter Melanitta perspicillata *
Velvet scoter Melanitta fusca
Stejneger's scoter Melanitta stejnegeri *
Common scoter Melanitta nigra
Black scoter Melanitta americana *
Long-tailed duck Clangula hyemalis
Common goldeneye Bucephala clangula
Smew Mergus albellus
Common merganser Mergus merganser
Red-breasted merganser Mergus serrator
Ruddy duck Oxyura jamaicensis C
White-headed duck Oxyura leucocephala *

Pheasants, grouse, and allies[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Phasianidae

The Phasianidae are a family of terrestrial birds. In general, they are plump (although they vary in size) and have broad, relatively short wings.

Common name Binomial Status
Common quail Coturnix coturnix
Ring-necked pheasant Phasianus colchicus C
Gray partridge Perdix perdix
Western capercaillie Tetrao urogallus
Black grouse Tetrao tetrix
Hazel grouse Tetrastes bonasia
Willow ptarmigan Lagopus lagopus B

Flamingos[edit]

Order: Phoenicopteriformes   Family: Phoenicopteridae

Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet (0.9 to 1.5 m) tall, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Their oddly shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume and, uniquely, are used upside-down.

Common name Binomial Status
Greater flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus *

Grebes[edit]

Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae

Grebes are small to medium-large freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land.

Common name Binomial Status
Little grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Pied-billed grebe Podilymbus podiceps *
Horned grebe Podiceps auritus
Red-necked grebe Podiceps grisegena
Great crested grebe Podiceps cristatus
Eared grebe Podiceps nigricollis

Pigeons and doves[edit]

Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere.

Common name Binomial Status
Rock pigeon Columba livia
Stock dove Columba oenas
Common wood-pigeon Columba palumbus
European turtle-dove Streptopelia turtur
Oriental turtle-dove Streptopelia orientalis *
Eurasian collared-dove Streptopelia decaocto

Sandgrouse[edit]

Order: Pterocliformes   Family: Pteroclidae

Sandgrouse have small, pigeon like heads and necks, but sturdy compact bodies. They have long pointed wings and sometimes tails and a fast direct flight. Flocks fly to watering holes at dawn and dusk. Their legs are feathered down to the toes.

Common name Binomial Status
Pallas's sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus *

Bustards[edit]

Order: Otidiformes   Family: Otididae

Bustards are large terrestrial birds mainly associated with dry open country and steppes in the Old World. They are omnivorous and nest on the ground. They walk steadily on strong legs and big toes, pecking for food as they go. They have long broad wings with "fingered" wingtips and striking patterns in flight. Many have interesting mating displays.

Common name Binomial Status
Great bustard Otis tarda
Macqueen's bustard Chlamydotis macqueenii *
Little bustard Tetrax tetrax *

Cuckoos[edit]

Order: Cuculiformes   Family: Cuculidae

The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. The Old World cuckoos are brood parasites.

Common name Binomial Status
Great spotted cuckoo Clamator glandarius *
Northern hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx hyperythrus *
Common cuckoo Cuculus canorus

Nightjars and allies[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Caprimulgidae

Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds that usually nest on the ground. They have long wings, short legs and very short bills. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves.

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus

Swifts[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Apodidae

Swifts are small birds which spend the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang.

Common name Binomial Status
Alpine swift Apus melba *
Common swift Apus apus
Pallid swift Apus pallidus *

Rails, gallinules and coots[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Rallidae

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, making them difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs and long toes which are well adapted to soft uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and to be weak fliers.

Common name Binomial Status
Water rail Rallus aquaticus
Corn crake Crex crex
Spotted crake Porzana porzana
Eurasian moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Eurasian coot Fulica atra
Little crake Zapornia parva
Baillon's crake Zapornia pusilla *

Cranes[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Gruidae

Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances".

Common name Binomial Status
Demoiselle crane Anthropoides virgo *
Common crane Grus grus

Thick-knees[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Burhinidae

The thick-knees are a group of largely tropical waders in the family Burhinidae. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow-black bills, large yellow eyes and cryptic plumage. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats.

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian thick-knee Burhinus oedicnemus

Stilts and avocets[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills.

Common name Binomial Status
Black-winged stilt Himantopus himantopus
Pied avocet Recurvirostra avosetta

Oystercatchers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Haematopodidae

The oystercatchers are large and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prising open molluscs.

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus

Plovers and lapwings[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water.

Common name Binomial Status
Black-bellied plover Pluvialis squatarola
European golden-plover Pluvialis apricaria
American golden-plover Pluvialis dominica *
Pacific golden-plover Pluvialis fulva *
Northern lapwing Vanellus vanellus
Spur-winged lapwing Vanellus spinosus *
Sociable lapwing Vanellus gregarius *
White-tailed lapwing Vanellus leucurus *
Lesser sand-plover Charadrius mongolus *
Greater sand-plover Charadrius leschenaultii *
Caspian plover Charadrius asiaticus *
Kentish plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Common ringed plover Charadrius hiaticula
Little ringed plover Charadrius dubius
Eurasian dotterel Charadrius morinellus *

Sandpipers and allies[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae

Scolopacidae is a large diverse family of small to medium-sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of these species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enables multiple species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food.

Common name Binomial Status
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Slender-billed curlew Numenius tenuirostris *
Eurasian curlew Numenius arquata
Bar-tailed godwit Limosa lapponica
Black-tailed godwit Limosa limosa
Ruddy turnstone Arenaria interpres
Great knot Calidris tenuirostris *
Red knot Calidris canutus
Ruff Calidris pugnax
Broad-billed sandpiper Calidris falcinellus
Stilt sandpiper Calidris himantopus *
Curlew sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Temminck's stint Calidris temminckii
Sanderling Calidris alba
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Purple sandpiper Calidris maritima *
Baird's sandpiper Calidris bairdii *
Little stint Calidris minuta
Least sandpiper Calidris minutilla *
White-rumped sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis *
Buff-breasted sandpiper Calidris subruficollis *
Pectoral sandpiper Calidris melanotos *
Semipalmated sandpiper Calidris pusilla *
Long-billed dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus *
Jack snipe Lymnocryptes minimus
Eurasian woodcock Scolopax rusticola
Great snipe Gallinago media
Common snipe Gallinago gallinago
Terek sandpiper Xenus cinereus *
Red-necked phalarope Phalaropus lobatus
Red phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius *
Common sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Spotted sandpiper Actitis macularius *
Green sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Spotted redshank Tringa erythropus
Greater yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca *
Common greenshank Tringa nebularia
Lesser yellowlegs Tringa flavipes *
Marsh sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Wood sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common redshank Tringa totanus

Pratincoles and coursers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Glareolidae

Glareolidae is a family of wading birds comprising the pratincoles, which have short legs, long pointed wings and long forked tails, and the coursers, which have long legs, short wings and long, pointed bills which curve downwards.

Common name Binomial Status
Collared pratincole Glareola pratincola *
Black-winged pratincole Glareola nordmanni *

Skuas and jaegers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae

The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants.

Common name Binomial Status
Great skua Stercorarius skua *
Pomarine jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus *
Parasitic jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus *

Auks, murres, and puffins[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Alcidae

Alcids are superficially similar to penguins due to their black-and-white colours, their upright posture and some of their habits, however they are not related to the penguins and differ in being able to fly. Auks live on the open sea, only deliberately coming ashore to nest.

Common name Binomial Status
Dovekie Alle alle *
Common murre Uria aalge
Thick-billed murre Uria lomvia *
Razorbill Alca torda
Black guillemot Cepphus grylle
Atlantic puffin Fratercula arctica *

Gulls, terns, and skimmers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Laridae

Laridae is a family of medium to large seabirds, the gulls, terns, and skimmers. Gulls are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. Terns are a group of generally medium to large seabirds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species known to live in excess of 30 years.

Common name Binomial Status
Black-legged kittiwake Rissa tridactyla *
Ivory gull Pagophila eburnea *
Sabine's gull Xema sabini *
Slender-billed gull Chroicocephalus genei *
Black-headed gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Little gull Hydrocoloeus minutus
Ross's gull Rhodostethia rosea *
Laughing gull Leucophaeus atricilla *
Franklin's gull Leucophaeus pipixcan *
Mediterranean gull Ichthyaetus melanocephalus
Pallas's gull Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus *
Audouin's gull Ichthyaetus audouinii *
Mew gull Larus canus
Ring-billed gull Larus delawarensis *
Herring gull Larus argentatus
Yellow-legged gull Larus michahellis
Caspian gull Larus cachinnans
Iceland gull Larus glaucoides
Lesser black-backed gull Larus fuscus
Slaty-backed gull Larus schistisagus *
Glaucous gull Larus hyperboreus *
Great black-backed gull Larus marinus
Little tern Sternula albifrons
Gull-billed tern Gelochelidon nilotica *
Caspian tern Hydroprogne caspia
Black tern Chlidonias niger
White-winged tern Chlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered tern Chlidonias hybrida *
Roseate tern Sterna dougallii *
Common tern Sterna hirundo
Arctic tern Sterna paradisaea *
Sandwich tern Thalasseus sandvicensis

Loons[edit]

Order: Gaviiformes   Family: Gaviidae

Loons, known as divers in Europe, are a group of aquatic birds found in many parts of North America and northern Europe. They are the size of a large duck or small goose, which they somewhat resemble when swimming, but to which they are completely unrelated.

Common name Binomial Status
Red-throated loon Gavia stellata
Arctic loon Gavia arctica
Common loon Gavia immer *
Yellow-billed loon Gavia adamsii *

Southern storm-petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Oceanitidae

Southern storm-petrels, are seabirds in the family Oceanitidae, part of the order Procellariiformes. These smallest of seabirds feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. Their flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like.

Common name Binomial Status
Wilson's storm-petrel Oceanites oceanicus *

Northern storm-petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae

The northern storm-petrels are relatives of the petrels and are the smallest seabirds. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like.

Common name Binomial Status
European storm-petrel Hydrobates pelagicus *
Leach's storm-petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa *

Shearwaters and petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Procellariidae

The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized "true petrels", characterised by united nostrils with medium septum and a long outer functional primary.

Common name Binomial Status
Northern fulmar Fulmarus glacialis *
Cory's shearwater Calonectris diomedea *
Sooty shearwater Ardenna grisea *
Manx shearwater Puffinus puffinus *
Balearic shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus *

Storks[edit]

52,000 pairs of white storks breed in Poland

Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ciconiidae

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are mute, but bill-clattering is an important mode of communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory.

Common name Binomial Status
Black stork Ciconia nigra
White stork Ciconia ciconia


Boobies and gannets[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Sulidae

The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups are medium to large coastal seabirds that plunge-dive for fish.

Common name Binomial Status
Northern gannet Morus bassanus *

Cormorants and shags[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae

Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium to large coastal, fish-eating seabirds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies, with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black-and-white and a few being colourful.

Common name Binomial Status
Pygmy cormorant Microcarbo pygmeus *
Great cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
European shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis *

Pelicans[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Pelecanidae

Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under their beak. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes.

Common name Binomial Status
Great white pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus *
Dalmatian pelican Pelecanus crispus *

Herons, egrets, and bitterns[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Ardeidae

The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted, unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises and spoonbills.

Common name Binomial Status
Great bittern Botaurus stellaris
Little bittern Ixobrychus minutus
Gray heron Ardea cinerea
Purple heron Ardea purpurea *
Great egret Ardea alba *
Little egret Egretta garzetta *
Cattle egret Bubulcus ibis *
Squacco heron Ardeola ralloides *
Black-crowned night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax

Ibises and spoonbills[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Threskiornithidae

Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers.

Common name Binomial Status
Glossy ibis Plegadis falcinellus *
Eurasian spoonbill Platalea leucorodia *

Osprey[edit]

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Pandionidae

The family Pandionidae contains only one species, the osprey. The osprey is a medium-large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.

Common name Binomial Status
Osprey Pandion haliaetus

Hawks, eagles, and kites[edit]

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae

Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey, which includes hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons and keen eyesight.

Common name Binomial Status
Black-winged kite Elanus caeruleus *
Bearded vulture Gypaetus barbatus B *
Egyptian vulture Neophron percnopterus *
European honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus
Cinereous vulture Aegypius monachus *
Eurasian griffon Gyps fulvus *
Short-toed snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus
Lesser spotted eagle Clanga pomarina
Greater spotted eagle Clanga clanga
Booted eagle Hieraaetus pennatus
Steppe eagle Aquila nipalensis *
Imperial eagle Aquila heliaca *
Golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos
Eurasian marsh harrier Circus aeruginosus
Hen harrier Circus cyaneus
Pallid harrier Circus macrourus *
Montagu's harrier Circus pygargus
Levant sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes *
Eurasian sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
Northern goshawk Accipiter gentilis
Red kite Milvus milvus
Black kite Milvus migrans
White-tailed eagle Haliaeetus albicilla
Pallas's fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus B *
Rough-legged hawk Buteo lagopus
Common buzzard Buteo buteo
Long-legged buzzard Buteo rufinus *

Barn-owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Tytonidae

Barn owls are medium to large owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons.

Common name Binomial Status
Barn owl Tyto alba

Owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Strigidae

The typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk.

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian scops-owl Otus scops *
Eurasian eagle-owl Bubo bubo
Snowy owl Bubo scandiacus *
Northern hawk owl Surnia ulula *
Eurasian pygmy-owl Glaucidium passerinum
Little owl Athene noctua
Tawny owl Strix aluco
Ural owl Strix uralensis
Great gray owl Strix nebulosa *
Long-eared owl Asio otus
Short-eared owl Asio flammeus
Boreal owl Aegolius funereus

Hoopoes[edit]

Order: Bucerotiformes   Family: Upupidae

Hoopoes have black, white and orangey-pink colouring with a large erectile crest on their head.

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian hoopoe Upupa epops

Kingfishers[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae

Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long, pointed bills, short legs and stubby tails.

Common name Binomial Status
Common kingfisher Alcedo atthis
Pied kingfisher Ceryle rudis B *

Bee-eaters[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Meropidae

The bee-eaters are a group of near passerine birds in the family Meropidae. Most species are found in Africa but others occur in southern Europe, Madagascar, Australia and New Guinea. They are characterised by richly coloured plumage, slender bodies and usually elongated central tail feathers. All are colourful and have long downturned bills and pointed wings, which give them a swallow-like appearance when seen from afar.

Common name Binomial Status
European bee-eater Merops apiaster

Rollers[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Coraciidae

Rollers resemble crows in size and build, but are more closely related to the kingfishers and bee-eaters. They share the colourful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. The two inner front toes are connected, but the outer toe is not.

Common name Binomial Status
European roller Coracias garrulus

Woodpeckers[edit]

Order: Piciformes   Family: Picidae

Woodpeckers are small to medium-sized birds with chisel-like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks.

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian wryneck Jynx torquilla
Eurasian three-toed woodpecker Picoides tridactylus
Middle spotted woodpecker Dendrocoptes medius
White-backed woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos
Great spotted woodpecker Dendrocopos major
Syrian woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus
Lesser spotted woodpecker Dryobates minor
Gray-headed woodpecker Picus canus
Eurasian green woodpecker Picus viridis
Black woodpecker Dryocopus martius

Falcons and caracaras[edit]

Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their talons.

Common name Binomial Status
Lesser kestrel Falco naumanni *
Eurasian kestrel Falco tinnunculus
Red-footed falcon Falco vespertinus
Eleonora's falcon Falco eleonorae *
Merlin Falco columbarius
Eurasian hobby Falco subbuteo
Saker falcon Falco cherrug *
Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus *
Peregrine falcon Falco peregrinus

Vireos, shrike-babblers, and erpornis[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Vireonidae

The vireos are a group of small to medium-sized passerine birds restricted to the New World and Southeast Asia.

Common name Binomial Status
Red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus *

Old World orioles[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Oriolidae

The Old World orioles are colourful passerine birds. They are not related to the New World orioles.

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian golden oriole Oriolus oriolus

Shrikes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Laniidae

Common name Binomial Status
Red-backed shrike Lanius collurio
Red-tailed shrike Lanius phoenicuroides *
Isabelline shrike Lanius isabellinus *
Great gray shrike Lanius excubitor
Lesser gray shrike Lanius minor
Woodchat shrike Lanius senator

Crows, jays, and magpies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Corvidae

The family Corvidae includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size among the Passeriformes, and some of the larger species show high levels of intelligence.

Common name Binomial Status
Siberian jay Perisoreus infaustus *
Eurasian jay Garrulus glandarius
Eurasian magpie Pica pica
Eurasian nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes
Yellow-billed chough Pyrrhocorax graculus *
Eurasian jackdaw Corvus monedula
Rook Corvus frugilegus
Carrion crow Corvus corone
Hooded crow Corvus cornix
Common raven Corvus corax

Tits, chickadees, and titmice[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Paridae

The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. Some have crests. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects.

Common name Binomial Status
Coal tit Parus ater
Crested tit Parus cristatus
Marsh tit Parus palustris
Willow tit Parus montanus
Eurasian blue tit Parus caeruleus
Azure tit Parus cyanus *
Great tit Parus major

Penduline-tits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Remizidae

The penduline-tits are a group of small passerine birds related to the true tits. They are insectivores.

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian penduline-tit Remiz pendulinus

Larks[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Alaudidae

Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. Their food is insects and seeds.

Common name Binomial Status
Horned lark Eremophila alpestris
Greater short-toed lark Calandrella brachydactyla *
Calandra lark Melanocorypha calandra B *
Black lark Melanocorypha yeltoniensis *
Lesser short-toed lark Alaudala rufescens *
Wood lark Lullula arborea
White-winged lark Alauda leucoptera *
Eurasian skylark Alauda arvensis
Crested lark Galerida cristata

Bearded reedling[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Panuridae

This species, the only one in its family, is found in reed beds throughout temperate Europe and Asia.

Common name Binomial Status
Bearded reedling Panurus biarmicus

Reed warblers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acrocephalidae

The members of this family are usually rather large for "warblers". Most are rather plain olivaceous brown above with much yellow to beige below. They are usually found in open woodland, reedbeds, or tall grass. The family occurs mostly in southern to western Eurasia and surroundings, but it also ranges far into the Pacific, with some species in Africa.

Common name Binomial Status
Booted warbler Iduna caligata *
Eastern olivaceous warbler Iduna pallida *
Melodious warbler Hippolais polyglotta
Icterine warbler Hippolais icterina
Aquatic warbler Acrocephalus paludicola
Moustached warbler Acrocephalus melanopogon *
Sedge warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
Paddyfield warbler Acrocephalus agricola *
Blyth's reed warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum
Marsh warbler Acrocephalus palustris
Eurasian reed warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus
Great reed warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus

Grassbirds and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Locustellidae

Locustellidae are a family of small insectivorous songbirds found mainly in Eurasia, Africa, and the Australian region. They are smallish birds with tails that are usually long and pointed, and tend to be drab brownish or buffy all over.

Common name Binomial Status
Pallas's grasshopper-warbler Locustella certhiola *
River warbler Locustella fluviatilis
Savi's warbler Locustella luscinioides
Common grasshopper-warbler Locustella naevia

Swallows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae

The family Hirundinidae is adapted to aerial feeding. They have a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and a short bill with a wide gape. The feet are adapted to perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base.

Common name Binomial Status
Bank swallow Riparia riparia
Eurasian crag-martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris *
Barn swallow Hirundo rustica
Red-rumped swallow Cecropis daurica *
Common house-martin Delichon urbicum

Leaf warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Phylloscopidae

Leaf warblers are a family of small insectivorous birds found mostly in Eurasia and ranging into Wallacea and Africa. The species are of various sizes, often green-plumaged above and yellow below, or more subdued with grayish-green to grayish-brown colors.

Common name Binomial Status
Wood warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix
Western Bonelli's warbler Phylloscopus bonelli *
Yellow-browed warbler Phylloscopus inornatus *
Hume's warbler Phylloscopus humei *
Pallas's leaf warbler Phylloscopus proregulus *
Radde's warbler Phylloscopus schwarzi *
Dusky warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus *
Willow warbler Phylloscopus trochilus
Common chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
Iberian chiffchaff Phylloscopus ibericus *
Greenish warbler Phylloscopus trochiloides
Arctic warbler Phylloscopus borealis *

Long-tailed tits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed tits are a group of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They make woven bag nests in trees. Most eat a mixed diet which includes insects.

Common name Binomial Status
Long-tailed tit Aegithalos caudatus

Sylviid warblers, parrotbills, and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sylviidae

The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. They mainly occur as breeding species, as the common name implies, in Europe, Asia and, to a lesser extent, Africa. Most are of generally undistinguished appearance, but many have distinctive songs.

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
Garden warbler Sylvia borin
Barred warbler Sylvia nisoria
Lesser whitethroat Sylvia curruca
Subalpine warbler Sylvia cantillans *
Sardinian warbler Sylvia melanocephala *
Greater whitethroat Sylvia communis

Kinglets[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Regulidae

The kinglets, also called crests, are a small group of birds often included in the Old World warblers, but frequently given family status because they also resemble the titmice.

Common name Binomial Status
Goldcrest Regulus regulus
Common firecrest Regulus ignicapilla

Wallcreeper[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Tichodromidae

The wallcreeper is a small bird related to the nuthatch family, which has stunning crimson, grey and black plumage.

Common name Binomial Status
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria

Nuthatches[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sittidae

Nuthatches are small woodland birds. They have the unusual ability to climb down trees head first, unlike other birds which can only go upwards. Nuthatches have big heads, short tails and powerful bills and feet.

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian nuthatch Sitta europaea

Treecreepers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Certhiidae

Treecreepers are small woodland birds, brown above and white below. They have thin pointed down-curved bills, which they use to extricate insects from bark. They have stiff tail feathers, like woodpeckers, which they use to support themselves on vertical trees.

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian treecreeper Certhia familiaris
Short-toed treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla

Wrens[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Troglodytidae

The wrens are mainly small and inconspicuous except for their loud songs. These birds have short wings and thin down-turned bills. Several species often hold their tails upright. All are insectivorous.

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian wren Troglodytes troglodytes

Dippers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cinclidae

Dippers are a group of perching birds whose habitat includes aquatic environments in the Americas, Europe and Asia. They are named for their bobbing or dipping movements.

Common name Binomial Status
White-throated dipper Cinclus cinclus

Starlings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sturnidae

Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Their flight is strong and direct and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. They eat insects and fruit. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen.

Common name Binomial Status
European starling Sturnus vulgaris
Rosy starling Pastor roseus *

Thrushes and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Turdidae

The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs.

Common name Binomial Status
White's thrush Zoothera aurea *
Scaly thrush Zoothera dauma *
Siberian thrush Geokichla sibirica *
Mistle thrush Turdus viscivorus
Song thrush Turdus philomelos
Redwing Turdus iliacus
Eurasian blackbird Turdus merula
Eyebrowed thrush Turdus obscurus *
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris
Ring ouzel Turdus torquatus
Black-throated thrush Turdus atrogularis *
Red-throated thrush Turdus ruficollis *
Dusky thrush Turdus eunomus *
Naumann's thrush Turdus naumanni *

Old World flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Muscicapidae

Old World flycatchers are a large group of small passerine birds native to the Old World. They are mainly small arboreal insectivores. The appearance of these birds is highly varied, but they mostly have weak songs and harsh calls.

Common name Binomial Status
Spotted flycatcher Muscicapa striata
European robin Erithacus rubecula
Rufous-tailed robin Larvivora sibilans *
Thrush nightingale Luscinia luscinia
Common nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica
Red-flanked bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus *
Red-breasted flycatcher Ficedula parva
European pied flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca
Collared flycatcher Ficedula albicollis
Common redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus
Black redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
Rufous-tailed rock-thrush Monticola saxatilis
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra
European stonechat Saxicola rubicola
Siberian stonechat Saxicola maurus *
Northern wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
Isabelline wheatear Oenanthe isabellina *
Desert wheatear Oenanthe deserti *
Pied wheatear Oenanthe pleschanka *
Black-eared wheatear Oenanthe hispanica
White-crowned wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga *

Waxwings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Bombycillidae

The waxwings are a group of birds with soft silky plumage and unique red tips to some of the wing feathers. In the Bohemian and cedar waxwings, these tips look like sealing wax and give the group its name. These are arboreal birds of northern forests. They live on insects in summer and berries in winter.

Common name Binomial Status
Bohemian waxwing Bombycilla garrulus

Accentors[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Prunellidae

The accentors are in the only bird family, Prunellidae, which is completely endemic to the Palearctic. They are small, fairly drab species superficially similar to sparrows.

Common name Binomial Status
Alpine accentor Prunella collaris
Siberian accentor Prunella montanella *
Dunnock Prunella modularis

Old World sparrows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae

Old World sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small, plump, brown or grey birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed eaters, but they also consume small insects.

Common name Binomial Status
House sparrow Passer domesticus
Eurasian tree sparrow Passer montanus
Rock sparrow Petronia petronia B *
White-winged snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis B *


Wagtails and pipits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae

Motacillidae is a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country.

Common name Binomial Status
Gray wagtail Motacilla cinerea
Western yellow wagtail Motacilla flava
Citrine wagtail Motacilla citreola *
White wagtail Motacilla alba
Richard's pipit Anthus richardi *
Blyth's pipit Anthus godlewskii *
Tawny pipit Anthus campestris
Meadow pipit Anthus pratensis
Tree pipit Anthus trivialis
Olive-backed pipit Anthus hodgsoni *
Pechora pipit Anthus gustavi *
Red-throated pipit Anthus cervinus
Water pipit Anthus spinoletta
Rock pipit Anthus petrosus

Finches, euphonias, and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae

Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have twelve tail feathers and nine primaries. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well.

Common name Binomial Status
Common chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes
Common rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus
Pine grosbeak Pinicola enucleator *
Eurasian bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula
European greenfinch Chloris chloris
Twite Linaria flavirostris
Eurasian linnet Linaria cannabina
Common redpoll Acanthis flammea
Lesser redpoll Acanthis cabaret
Hoary redpoll Acanthis hornemanni *
Parrot crossbill Loxia pytyopsittacus *
Red crossbill Loxia curvirostra
White-winged crossbill Loxia leucoptera *
European goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
Citril finch Serinus citrinella *
European serin Serinus serinus
Eurasian siskin Spinus spinus

Longspurs and snow buntings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Calcariidae

The Calcariidae are a group of passerine birds which had been traditionally grouped with the New World sparrows, but differ in a number of respects and are usually found in open grassy areas.

Common name Binomial Status
Lapland bunting Calcarius lapponicus
Snow bunting Plectrophenax nivalis

Old World buntings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae

The emberizids are a large family of passerine birds. They are seed-eating birds with distinctively shaped bills. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns.

Common name Binomial Status
Black-headed bunting Emberiza melanocephala *
Corn bunting Emberiza calandra
Rock bunting Emberiza cia *
Cirl bunting Emberiza cirlus *
Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella
Pine bunting Emberiza leucocephalos *
Ortolan bunting Emberiza hortulana
Reed bunting Emberiza schoeniclus
Yellow-breasted bunting Emberiza aureola *
Little bunting Emberiza pusilla *
Rustic bunting Emberiza rustica *
Yellow-browed bunting Emberiza chrysophrys *

New World sparrows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passerellidae

Until 2017, these species were considered part of the family Emberizidae. Most of the species are known as sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows which are in the family Passeridae. Many of these have distinctive head patterns.

Common name Binomial Status
Dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis *
Savannah sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis *

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lepage, Denis. "Checklist of birds of Australia". Bird Checklists of the World. Avibase. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Birds of Poland, the complete checklist". WICE (World Institute for Conservation and Environment). Retrieved 13 March 2020.

External links[edit]