List of birds of Portugal

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This is a list of the bird species recorded in Portugal. The avifauna of mainland Portugal include a total of 465 species recorded in the wild according to Sociedade Portuguesa pars o Estudo das Aves (SPEA), Portuguese Society for the Study of Birds.[1] An additional 126 species have been recorded on the mainland and in the Azores and Madeira islands by Bird Checklists of the World.[2][3][4] Of the 591 species listed here, 267 are accidental and 18 have been introduced by humans. Two are endemic to islands, one is extinct, and five have been extirpated. Of the 591, 117 have been recorded only in one or both of the Azores and Madeiras.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 2017 edition.[5]

The following tags have been used to highlight some categories of occurrence. The (A) and (I) tags are from Bird Checklists of the World and apply to mainland Portugal populations unless noted otherwise. The (D) and (E) tags are from SPEA and also apply only to the mainland. The notes of population status such as "endangered" apply to the world population and are also from Bird Checklists of the World.

  • (A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in mainland Portugal, the Azores, or Madeiras
  • (I) Introduced - a species introduced to mainland Portugal, the Azores, or Madeiras as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions
  • (D) Category D - "species found free but for which there are doubts as to the genuinely wild origin"
  • (E) Category E - "birds found free [as a result of] deliberate introduction or escape from captivity, but which do not have breeding populations established, and there is no evidence that they are genuine wanderers"


Contents

Anseriformes[edit]

Anatidae - ducks, geese, and waterfowl[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Fulvous whistling-duck Dendrocygna bicolor (A)
Bar-headed goose Anser indicus (D)
Graylag goose Anser anser
Greater white-fronted goose Anser albifrons (A)
Taiga bean-goose Anser fabalis
Pink-footed goose Anser brachyrhynchus (A)
Brant Branta bernicla (A)
Barnacle goose Branta leucopsis (A)
Canada goose Branta canadensis (A) (D)
Mute swan Cygnus olor (A) (D)
Tundra swan Cygnus columbianus (A)
Whooper swan Cygnus cygnus (A)
Snow goose Anser caerulescens (A) Azores only
Egyptian goose Alopochen aegyptiaca (E)
Ruddy shelduck Tadorna ferruginea (I)
Common shelduck Tadorna tadorna
Garganey Spatula querquedula
Blue-winged teal Spatula discors (A)
Northern shoveler Spatula clypeata
Gadwall Mareca strepera
Wood duck Aix sponsa (A) Azores only
Falcated duck Mareca falcata (A) (D) near-threatened
Eurasian wigeon Mareca penelope
American wigeon Mareca americana (A)
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
American black duck Anas rubripes Azores only
Northern pintail Anas acuta
Green-winged teal Anas crecca
Yellow-billed teal Anas flavirostris (A) Madeiras only
Marbled teal Marmaronetta angustirostris (A) vulnerable
Red-crested pochard Netta rufina
Common pochard Aythya ferina vulnerable
Ring-necked duck Aythya collaris (A)
Ferruginous duck Aythya nyroca near-threatened
Tufted duck Aythya fuligula
Greater scaup Aythya marila
Lesser scaup Aythya affinis (A)
King eider Somateria spectabilis (A) Azores only
Common eider Somateria mollissima (A) near-threatened
Surf scoter Melanitta perspicillata (A)
White-winged scoter Melanitta fusca
Common scoter Melanitta nigra
Long-tailed duck Clangula hyemalis (A) near-threatened
Bufflehead Bucephala albeola (A)
Common goldeneye Bucephala clangula (A)
Smew Mergellus albellus (A)
Hooded merganser Lophodytes cucullatus (A) Azores only
Common merganser Mergus merganser (A)
Red-breasted merganser Mergus serrator
Ruddy duck Oxyura jamaicensis (I)
White-headed duck Oxyura leucocephala (A) endangered

Galliformes[edit]

Numididae - guineafowl[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Helmeted guineafowl Numida meleagris (I) Azores and Madeiras only

Phasianidae - pheasants, grouse, and allies[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Common quail Coturnix coturnix
Red-legged partridge Alectoris rufa
Ring-necked pheasant Phasianus colchicus (I) Mainland and islands
Gray partridge Perdix perdix (A)
Western capercaillie Tetrao urogallus (I) extirpated

Gaviiformes[edit]

Gaviidae - loons[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Red-throated loon Gavia stellata (A)
Arctic loon Gavia arctica (A)
Common loon Gavia immer (A)

Podicipediformes[edit]

Podicipedidae - grebes[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Little grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Pied-billed grebe Podilymbus podiceps (A)
Horned grebe Podiceps auritus (A)
Red-necked grebe Podiceps grisegena (A)
Great crested grebe Podiceps cristatus
Eared grebe Podiceps nigricollis

Phoenicopteriformes[edit]

Phoenicopteridae - flamingos[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Greater flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus
Lesser flamingo Phoeniconaias minor (A) (D) near-threatened

Procellariiformes[edit]

Diomedeidae - albatrosses[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Black-browed albatross Thalassarche melanophris (A)

Procellariidae- fulmars, petrels, and shearwaters[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Northern fulmar Fulmarus glacialis (A)
Trindade petrel Pterodroma arminjoniana (A) Azores only, vulnerable
Zino's petrel Pterodroma Madeiras Madeiras only, endangered
Fea's petrel Pterodroma feae
Black-capped petrel Pterodroma hasitata (A) Azores and Madeiras only
Bulwer's petrel Bulweria bulwerii (A)
Cory's shearwater Calonectis diomedea
Cape Verde shearwater Calonectris edwardsii (A) Azores and Madeiras only
Great shearwater Ardenna gravis
Sooty shearwater Ardenna griseus near-threatened
Manx shearwater Puffinus puffinus
Balearic shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus critically endangered
Barolo shearwater Puffinus baroli

Hydrobatidae storm-petrels[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Wilson's storm-petrel Oceanites oceanicus
White-faced storm-petrel Pelagodroma marina (A)
European storm-petrel Hydrobates pelagicus
Leach's storm-petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa
Swinhoe's storm-petrel Oceanodroma monorhis (A) near-threatened
Band-rumped storm-petrel Oceanodroma castro (A)
Monteiro's storm-petrel Oceanodroma monteiroi Azores only, vulnerable

Phaethontiformes[edit]

Phaethontidae - tropicbirds[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Red-billed tropicbird Phaeton aethereus (A)

Ciconiiformes[edit]

Ciconiidae - storks[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Black stork Ciconia nigra
White stork Ciconia ciconia
Marabou stork Leptoptilos crumenifer (A)
Yellow-billed stork Mycteria ibis (A)

Suliformes[edit]

Fregatidae - frigatebirds[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Magnificent frigatebird Fregata magnificens (A) Azores only

Sulidae - boobies and gannets[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Masked booby Sula dactylatra (A) Azores only
Brown booby Sula leucogaster (A)
Red-footed booby Sula sula (A) Azores only
Northern gannet Morus bassanus
Cape gannet Morus capensis (A) Azores only, endangered

Phalacrocoracidae - cormorants and shags[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Great cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
European shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis
Double-crested cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus (A) Azores only

Pelecaniformes[edit]

Ardeidae - bitterns, herons, and egrets[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
American bittern Botaurus lentiginosus (A) Azores only
Great bittern Botaurus stellaris
Little bittern Ixobrychus minutus
Least bittern Ixobrychus exilis (A) Azores only
Great blue heron Ardea herodias (A) Azores only
Gray heron Ardea cinerea
Purple heron Ardea purpurea
Great egret Ardea alba
Little egret Egretta garzetta
Western reef-heron Egretta gularis (A)
Snowy egret Egretta thula (A) Azores only
Little blue heron Egretta caerulea (A) Azores only
Tricolored heron Egretta tricolor (A) Azores only
Cattle egret Bubulcus ibis
Squacco heron Ardeola ralloides
Green heron Butorides virescens (A) Azores only
Striated heron Butorides striata (A) Azores only
Black-crowned night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Yellow-crowned night-heron Nyctanassa violacea (A) Azores and Madeiras only

Threskiornithidae - ibises[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Glossy ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Sacred ibis Threskiornis aethiopicus (A) (D)
Northern bald ibis Geronticus eremita (A) critically endangered
Eurasian spoonbill Platalea leucorodia

Accipitriformes[edit]

Pandionidae - osprey[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Osprey Pandion haliaetus

Accipitridae - hawks, eagles, and kites[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Black-shouldered kite Elanus caeruleus
Bearded vulture Gypaetus barbatus extirpated, threatened
Egyptian vulture Neophron percnopterus endangered
European honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus
Cinereous vulture Aegypius monachus near-threatened
White-backed vulture Gyps africanus (A) (D) critically endangered
Rüppell's griffon Gyps rueppelli (A) critically endangered
Eurasian griffon Gyps fulvus
Short-toed snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus
Greater spotted eagle Clanga clanga (A) vulnerable
Lesser spotted eagle Clanga pomarina
Booted eagle Hieraaetus pennatus
Steppe eagle Aquila nipalensis (E) endangered
Spanish eagle Aquila adalberti vulnerable
Golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos
Bonelli's eagle Aquila fasciata
Eurasian marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus
Hen harrier Circus cyaneus
Northern harrier Circus hudsonius (A)
Pallid harrier Circus macrourus (A) near-threatened
Montagu's harrier Circus pygargus
Eurasian sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
Northern goshawk Accipiter gentilis
Red kite Milvus milvus near-threatened
Black kite Milvus migrans
White-tailed eagle Haliaeetus albicilla extirpated, near-threatened
Rough-legged hawk Buteo lagopus (A) Azores only
Common buzzard Buteo buteo
Long-legged buzzard Buteo rufinus (A)

Otidiformes[edit]

Otidae - bustards[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Great bustard Otis tarda Vulnerable
Little bustard Tetrax tetrax Near-threatened

Gruiformes[edit]

Rallidae - rails, gallinules, and coots[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Corn crake Crex crex (A)
Water rail Rallus aquaticus
Sora Porzana carolina (A)
Spotted crake Porzana porzana
Little crake Zapornia parva (A)
Baillon's crake Zapornia pusilla (A)
Allen's gallinule Porphyrio alleni (A)
Purple gallinule Porphyrio martinica (A)
Western swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio
Eurasian moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Red-knobbed coot Fulica cristata (A)
Eurasian coot Fulica atra
American coot Fulica americana (A)

Gruidae - cranes[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Demoiselle crane Anthropoides virgo (A) (D)
Sandhill crane Antigone canadensis
Common crane Grus grus

Charadriiformes[edit]

Burhinidae - thick-knees[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian thick-knee Burhinus oedicnemus

Recurvirostridae - stilts and avocets[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Black-winged stilt Himantopus himantopus
Pied avocet Recurvirostra avosetta

Haematopodidae - oystercatchers[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus
Canarian oystercatcher Haematopus meadewaldoi Madeiras only, extinct

Charadriidae - plovers and lapwings[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Black-bellied plover Pluvialis squatarola
European golden-plover Pluvialis apricaria
American golden-plover Pluvialis dominica (A)
Pacific golden-plover Pluvialis fulva (A) Azores only
Northern lapwing Vanellus vanellus
Sociable lapwing Vanellus gregarius (A) critically endangered
Lesser sand-plover Charadrius mongolus (A)
Caspian plover Charadrius asiaticus (A) Azores only
Kentish plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Common ringed plover Charadrius hiaticula
Semipalmated plover Charadrius semipalmatus (A) Azores and Madeiras only
Little ringed plover Charadrius dubius
Killdeer Charadrius vociferus (A)
Eurasian dotterel Charadrius morinellus (A)

Scolopacidae - sandpipers and allies[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Upland sandpiper Bartramia longicauda (A)
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Slender-billed curlew Numenius tenuirostris (A) critically endangered
Eurasian curlew Numenius arquata near-threatened
Bar-tailed godwit Limosa lapponica near-threatened
Black-tailed godwit Limosa limosa (A)
Ruddy turnstone Arenaria interpres
Red knot Calidris canutus near-threatened
Ruff Calidris pugnax
Broad-billed sandpiper Calidris falcinellus (A)
Sharp-tailed sandpiper Calidris acuminata (A)
Stilt sandpiper Calidris himantopus (A)
Curlew sandpiper Calidris ferruginea near-threatened
Temminck's stint Calidris temminckii
Sanderling Calidris alba
Dunlin Calidris alpina (A)
Purple sandpiper Calidris maritima
Baird's sandpiper Calidris bairdii (A)
Little stint Calidris minuta
Least sandpiper Calidris minutilla (A) Azores and Madeiras only
White-rumped sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis (A)
Buff-breasted sandpiper Calidris subruficollis (A), near-threatened
Pectoral sandpiper Calidris melanotos
Semipalmated sandpiper Calidris pusilla (A) near-threatened
Western sandpiper Calidris mauri (A) Azores and Madeiras only
Short-billed dowitcher Limnodromus griseus (A) Azores only
Long-billed dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus (A)
Jack snipe Lymnocryptes minimus
Eurasian woodcock Scolopax rusticola
Great snipe Gallinago media (A) near-threatened
Common snipe Gallinago gallinago
Wilson's snipe Gallinago delicata (A)
Terek sandpiper Xenus cinereus (A)
Wilson's phalarope Phalaropus tricolor (A)
Red-necked phalarope Phalaropus lobatus (A)
Red phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius
Common sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Spotted sandpiper Actitis macularius (A)
Green sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Solitary sandpiper Tringa solitaria (A)
Spotted redshank Tringa erythropus
Greater yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca (A)
Common greenshank Tringa nebularia
Willet Tringa semipalmata (A)
Lesser yellowlegs Tringa flavipes (A)
Marsh sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis (A)
Wood sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common redshank Tringa totanus

Turnicidae - buttonquail[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Small buttonquail Turnix sylvaticus Extirpated

Glareolidae - coursers and pratincoles[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Cream-coloured courser Cursorius cursor (A)
Collared pratincole Glareola pratincola

Stercorariidae - skuas and jaegers[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Great skua Stercorarius skua
South polar skua Stercorarius maccormicki (A)
Pomarine jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus (A)

Alcidae - auks, murres, and puffins[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Dovekie Alle alle (A)
Common murre Uria aalge
Razorbill Alca torda near-threatened
Black guillemot Cepphus grylle (A)
Atlantic puffin Fratercula arctica vulnerable

Laridae - gulls, terns, and skimmers[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Black-legged kittiwake Rissa tridactyla vulnerable
Ivory gull Pagophila eburnea (A) near-threatened
Sabine's gull Xema sabini (A)
Slender-billed gull Chroicocephalus genei
Bonaparte's gull Chroicocephalus philadelphia (A)
Black-headed gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Little gull Hydrocoloeus minutus
Laughing gull Leucophaeus atricilla (A)
Franklin's gull Leucophaeus pipixcan (A)
Mediterranean gull Ichthyaetus melanocephalus
Pallas's gull Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus (A) Azores and Madeiras only
Audouin's gull Ichthyaetus audouinii near-threatened
Mew gull Larus canus
Ring-billed gull Larus delawarensis
Herring gull Larus argentatus
Yellow-legged gull Larus michahellis
Caspian gull Larus cachinnans (A)
Iceland gull Larus glaucoides
Lesser black-backed gull Larus fuscus
Glaucous gull Larus hyperboreus (A)
Great black-backed gull Larus marinus (A)
Kelp gull Larus dominicanus (A)
Brown noddy Anous stolidus (A) Azores only
Sooty tern Onychoprion fuscatus (A) Azores only
Bridled tern Onychoprion anaethetus (A) Azores only
Little tern Sternula albifrons
Gull-billed tern Gelochelidon nilotica
Caspian tern Hydroprogne caspia
Black tern Chlidonias niger
White-winged tern Chlidonias leucopterus (A)
Whiskered tern Chlidonias hybrida
Roseate tern Sterna dougallii (A)
Common tern Sterna hirundo
Arctic tern Sterna paradisaea
Forster's tern Sterna forsteri (A)
Royal tern Thalasseus maximus (A)
Sandwich tern Thalasseus sandvicensis
Elegant tern Thalasseus elegans (A) near-threatened
Lesser crested tern Thalasseus bengalensis (A)

Pterocliformes[edit]

Pteroclidae - sandgrouse[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Pin-tailed sandgrouse Pterocles alchata
Black-bellied sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis

Columbiformes[edit]

Columbidae - pigeons and doves[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Rock pigeon Columba livia
Stock dove Columba oenas
Common wood-pigeon Columba palumbus
Trocaz pigeon Columba trocaz Endemic to the island of Madeira
European turtle-dove Streptopelia turtur vulnerable
Eurasian collared-dove Streptopelia decaocto
Laughing dove Spilopelia senegalensis (A) (I) (D)
Zenaida dove Zenaida aurita (A) Azores only
Mourning dove Zenaida macroura (A) Azores only

Cuculiformes[edit]

Cuculidae - cuckoos[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Black-billed cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus (A) Azores only
Yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanu (A) Azores only
Great spotted cuckoo Clamator glandarius
Common cuckoo Cuculus canorus

Strigiformes[edit]

Tytonidae - barn-owls[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Barn owl Tyto alba

Strigidae - owls[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
European scops-owl Otus scops
Eurasian eagle-owl Bubo bubo
Snowy owl Bubo scandiacus (A) Azores only, vulnerable
Little owl Athene noctua
Tawny owl Strix aluco
Long-eared owl Asio otus
Short-eared owl Asio flammeus
Marsh owl Asio capensis (A)

Caprimulgiformes[edit]

Caprimulgidae - nightjars and allies[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Common nighthawk Chordeiles minor (A) Azores only
Red-necked nightjar Caprimulgus ruficollis
European nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus

Apodidae - swifts[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Chimney swift Chaetura pelagica (A) near-threatened
Alpine swift Apus melba
Common swift Apus apus
Pallid swift Apus pallidus
Little swift Apus affinis (A)
Plain swift Apus unicolor Madeiras only
White-rumped swift Apus caffer

Bucerotiformes[edit]

Upupidae - hoopoes[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian hoopoe Upupa epops

Coraciiformes[edit]

Alcedinidae - kingfishers[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Common kingfisher Alcedo atthis
Belted kingfisher Ceryle alcyon (A) Azores only

Meropidae - bee-eaters[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Blue-cheeked bee-eater Merops persicus (A)
European bee-eater Merops apiaster

Coraciidae - rollers[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
European roller Coracias garrulus

Piciformes[edit]

Picidae - woodpeckers[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian wryneck Jynx torquilla
Yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius (A) Azores only
Lesser spotted woodpecker Dendrocopos minor
Middle spotted woodpecker Dendrocopos medius (A)
Great spotted woodpecker Dendrocopos major
Eurasian green woodpecker Picus viridis
Northern flicker Colaptes auratus (A) Azores only

Falconiformes[edit]

Falconidae - falcons[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Lesser kestrel Falco naumanni
Eurasian kestrel Falco tinnunculus
American kestrel Falco sparverius (A) Azores only
Red-footed falcon Falco vespertinus (A) near-threatened
Amur falcon Falco amurensis (A) Azores only
Eleonora's falcon Falco eleonorae
Merlin Falco columbarius
Eurasian hobby Falco subbuteo
Lanner falcon Falco biarmicus
Saker falcon Falco cherrug (A) endangered
Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus (A) (D)
Peregrine falcon Falco peregrinus

Psittaciformes[edit]

Cacatuidae - cockatoos[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Cockatiel Nymphicus hollandicus (I) (E)

Psittaculidae - Old World parrots[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Rose-ringed parakeet Psittacula krameri (I)

Psittacidae - African and New World parrots[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Senegal parrot Poicephalus senegalus (I) (E)
Blue-crowned parakeet Thectocercus acuticaudatus (I) (E)

Passeriformes[edit]

Tyrannidae - New World flycatchers[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Eastern wood-pewee Contopus virens (A) Azores only

Laniidae - shrikes[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Red-backed shrike Lanius collurio
Great gray shrike Lanius excubitor
Northern shrike Lanius borealis (A) Azores only
Southern gray shrike Lanius meridionalis
Woodchat shrike Lanius senator

Vireonidae - vireos[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
White-eyed vireo Vireo griseus (A) Azores only
Yellow-throated vireo Vireo flavifrons (A) Azores only
Philadelphia vireo Vireo philadelphicus (A) Azores only
Red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus (A) Azores only

Oriolidae - Old World orioles[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian golden oriole Oriolus oriolus

Corvidae - crows, jays, and magpies[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian jay Garrulus glandarius
Iberian magpie Cyanopica cooki
Azure-winged magpie Cyanopica cyana
Eurasian magpie Pica pica
Eurasian nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes (A)
Red-billed chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Eurasian jackdaw Corvus monedula
Rook Corvus frugilegus (A)
Carrion crow Corvus corone
Hooded crow Corvus cornix (A)
Pied crow Corvus albus (A)
Common raven Corvus corax

Alaudidae - larks[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Greater short-toed lark Calandrella brachydactyla
Calandra lark Melanocorypha calandra
Dupont's lark Chersophilus duponti extirpated
Lesser short-toed lark Alaudala rufescens
Wood lark Lullula arborea
Eurasian skylark Alauda arvensis
Thekla's lark Galerida theklae
Crested lark Galerida cristata

Hirundinidae - swallows and martins[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Purple martin Progne subis (A) Azores only
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor (A) Azores only
Plain martin Riparia paludicola (A) Azores only
Bank swallow Riparia riparia
Eurasian crag-martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris
Barn swallow Hirundo rustica
Red-rumped swallow Cecropis daurica
Cliff swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota (A) Azores only
Common house-martin Delichon urbicum

Paridae - tits[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Coal tit Periparus ater
Crested tit Lophophanes cristatus
Eurasian blue tit Cyanistes caeruleus
Great tit Parus major

Remizidae - penduline-tits[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian penduline-tit Remiz pendulinus

Aegithalidae - long-tailed tits[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Long-tailed tit Aegithalos caudatus

Sittidae - nuthatches[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian nuthatch Sitta europaea

Tichodromidae - wallcreeper[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria

Certhiidae - treecreepers[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Short-toed treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla

Troglodytidae - wrens[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian wren Troglodytes troglodytes

Cinclidae - dippers[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
White-throated dipper Cinclus cinclus

Regulidae - kinglets[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Ruby-crowned kinglet Regulus calendula (A) Azores only
Goldcrest Regulus regulus
Firecrest Regulus ignicapilla

Scotocercidae - bush warblers and allies[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Cetti's warbler Cettia cetti

Phylloscopidae - leaf warblers[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Willow warbler Phylloscopus trochilus
Common chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
Iberian chiffchaff Phylloscopus ibericus
Western Bonelli's warbler Phylloscopus bonelli
Wood warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix (A)
Dusky warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus (A)
Pallas's leaf warbler Phylloscopus proregulus (A)
Yellow-browed warbler Phylloscopus inornatus (A)
Hume's warbler Phylloscopus humei (A)
Arctic warbler Phylloscopus borealis (A)
Greenish warbler Phylloscopus trochiloides (A) Madeiras only
Two-barred warbler Phylloscopus plumbeitarsus (A) Madeiras only

Acrocephalidae - reed warblers and allies[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Booted warbler Iduna caligata (A)
Western olivaceous warbler Iduna opaca
Melodious warbler Hippolais polyglotta
Icterine warbler Hippolais icterina (A)
Aquatic warbler Acrocephalus paludicola (A) vulnerable
Moustached warbler Acrocephalus melanopogon (A)
Sedge warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
Paddyfield warbler Acrocephalus agricola (A)
Blyth's reed warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum (A)
Eurasian reed warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus
African reed warbler Acrocephalus baeticatus
Great reed warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus

Locustellidae - grassbirds and allies[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Common grasshopper warbler Locustella naevia
Eurasian river warbler Locustella fluviatilis (A) Madeiras only
Savi's warbler Locustella luscinioides

Cisticolidae - cisticolas and allies[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Zitting cisticola Cisticola juncidis

Sylviidae - sylviid warblers[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
Garden warbler Sylvia borin
Barred warbler Sylvia nisoria (A) Azores only
Lesser whitethroat Sylvia curruca (A)
Western Orphean warbler Sylvia hortensis
Subalpine warbler Sylvia cantillans
Sardinian warbler Sylvia melanocephala
Greater whitethroat Sylvia communis
Spectacled warbler Sylvia conspicillata
Dartford warbler Sylvia undata near-threatened

Muscicapidae - Old World flycatchers[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Spotted flycatcher Muscicapa striata
Rufous-tailed scrub-robin Cercotrichas galactotes
European robin Erithacus rubecula
Common nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica
Red-flanked bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus (A)
Red-breasted flycatcher Ficedula parva
European pied flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca
Moussier's redstart Phoenicurus moussieri (A)
Common redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus
Black redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
Rufous-tailed rock-thrush Monticola saxatilis
Blue rock-thrush Monticola solitarius
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra
European stonechat Saxicola rubicola
Siberian stonechat Saxicola maurus (A)
White-crowned wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga (A)
Black wheatear Oenanthe leucura (A)
Northern wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
Black-eared wheatear Oenanthe hispanica
Desert wheatear Oenanthe deserti (A)
Isabelline wheatear Oenanthe isabellina (A)

Turdidae - thrushes and allies[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Veery Catharus fuscescens (A) Azores only
Gray-cheeked thrush Catharus minimus (A)
Swainson's thrush Catharus ustulatus (A) Azores only
Hermit thrush Catharus guttatus (A) Azores only
Wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina (A) Azores and Madeiras only
Ring ouzel Turdus torquatus
Eurasian blackbird Turdus merula
Eyebrowed thrush Turdus obscurus (A)
Black-throated thrush Turdus atrogularis (A) Madeiras only
Red-throated thrush Turdus ruficollis (A) Madeiras only
Dusky thrush Turdus eunomus (A) Azores only
Naumann's thrush Turdus naumanni (A) Azores only
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris
Redwing Turdus iliacus
Song thrush Turdus philomelos
Mistle thrush Turdus viscivorus
American robin Turdus migratorius (A) Azores only

Mimidae - mockingbirds and thrashers[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis (A) Azores only

Sturnidae - starlings[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
European starling Sturnus vulgaris
Spotless starling Sturnus unicolor
Rosy starling Pastor roseus (A)
Common myna Acridotheres tristis (I) (E)
Crested myna Acridotheres cristatellus (I)

Prunellidae - accentors[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Alpine accentor Prunella collaris
Dunnock Prunella modularis

Motacillidae - wagtails and pipits[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Western yellow wagtail Motacilla flava
Eastern yellow wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis (A)
Citrine wagtail Motacilla citreola (A)
Gray wagtail Motacilla cinerea
White wagtail Motacilla alba
Richard's pipit Anthus richardi
Blyth's pipit Anthus godlewskii (A)
Tawny pipit Anthus campestris (A)
Berthelot's pipit Anthus berthelotii Madeiras only
Meadow pipit Anthus pratensis
Tree pipit Anthus trivialis
Olive-backed pipit Anthus hodgsoni (A)
Red-throated pipit Anthus cervinus (A)
Water pipit Anthus spinoletta
Rock pipit Anthus petrosus (A)

Bombycillidae - waxwings[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Bohemian waxwing Bombycilla garrulus (A)
Cedar waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum (A) Azores only

Calcariidae - longspurs and snow buntings[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Lapland longspur Calcarius lapponicus (A)
Snow bunting Plectrophenax nivalis

Parulidae - wood-warblers[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla (A) Azores only
Northern waterthrush Parkesia noveboracensis (A) Azores only
Golden-winged warbler Vermivora chrysoptera (A) Azores only, near-threatened
Blue-winged warbler Vermivora cyanoptera (A) Azores only
Black-and-white warbler Mniotilta varia (A) Azores only
Tennessee warbler Oreothlypis peregrina (A) Azores only
Common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas (A) mainland and Azores
Hooded warbler Setophaga citrina (A) Azores only
American redstart Setophaga ruticilla (A) Azores and Madeiras only
Northern parula Setophaga americana (A) Azores only
Magnolia warbler Setophaga magnolia (A) Azores only
Bay-breasted warbler Setophaga castanea (A) Azores only
Blackburnian warbler Setophaga fusca (A) Azores only
Yellow warbler Setophaga petechia (A) Azores and Madeiras only
Chestnut-sided warbler Setophaga pensylvanica (A) Azores only
Blackpoll warbler Setophaga striata (A) Azores only
Black-throated blue warbler Setophaga caerulescens (A) Azores only
Yellow-rumped warbler Setophaga coronata (A) Azores only
Yellow-throated warbler Setophaga dominica (A) Azores only
Prairie warbler Setophaga discolor (A) Azores only
Black-throated green warbler Setophaga virens (A) Azores only
Canada warbler Cardellina canadensis (A) Azores only

Passerellidae - New World sparrows[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Dark-eyed junco Junco hyemalis (A) Azores only
White-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys (A) Azores only
White-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis (A) Azores only
Savannah sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis (A) Azores only
Lincoln's sparrow Melospiza lincolnii (A) Azores only

Emberizidae - Old World buntings[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella
Cirl bunting Emberiza cirlus
Rock bunting Emberiza cia
Ortolan bunting Emberiza hortulana
Little bunting Emberiza pusilla (A)
Rustic bunting Emberiza rustica (A) vulnerable
Yellow-breasted bunting Emberiza aureola (A) critically endangered
Pallas's bunting Emberiza pallasi (A)
Reed bunting Emberiza schoeniclus
Corn bunting Miliaria calandra

Cardinalidae - cardinals and allies[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Summer tanager Piranga rubra (A) Azores only
Scarlet tanager Piranga olivacea (A) Azores only
Rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus (A) Azores only
Blue grosbeak Passerina caerulea (A) Azores only
Indigo bunting Passerina cyanea (A) Azores only
Dickcissel Spiza americana (A) Azores only

Icteridae - icterids[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus (A) Azores only
Baltimore oriole Icterus galbula (A) Azores only

Fringillidae - finches[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Common chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes
Common rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus (A)
Azores bullfinch Pyrrhula murina Endemic to San Miguel in the Azores, vulnerable
Eurasian bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Trumpeter finch Bucanetes githagineus (A)
European greenfinch Chloris chloris
Twite Linaria flavirostris
Eurasian linnet Linaria cannabina
Common redpoll Acanthis flammea
Hoary redpoll Acanthis hornemanni (A) Azores only
Parrot crossbill Loxia pytyopsittacus Madeiras only
Red crossbill Loxia curvirostra
European goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
Citril finch Carduelis citrinella (A)
European serin Serinus serinus
Island canary Serinus canaria Azores and Madeiras only
Eurasian siskin Spinus spinus

Passeridae - Old World sparrows[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
House sparrow Passer domesticus
Spanish sparrow Passer hispaniolensis
Eurasian tree sparrow Passer montanus
Sudan golden sparrow Passer luteus (A) Azores only
Rock petronia Petronia petronia
White-winged snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis (A)

Ploceidae - weavers and allies[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Black-headed weaver Ploceus melanocephalus (I)
Yellow-crowned bishop Euplectes afer (I)

Estrildidae - waxbills and allies[edit]

Common name Binomial Status
Common waxbill Estrilda astrild (I)
Red avadavat Amandava amandava (I)
Scaly-breasted munia Lonchura punctulata (I) (E)
Chestnut munia Lonchura atricapilla (I)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Aves em Portugal". Sociedade Portuguesa pars o Estudo das Aves. Retrieved 25 April 2018. 
  2. ^ Lepage, Denis (12 December 2016). "Checklist of birds of Portugal - Mainland". Bird Checklists of the World. Avibase. Retrieved 25 April 2018. 
  3. ^ Lepage, Denis (19 February 2018). "Checklist of birds of Açores". Bird Checklists of the World. Avibase. Retrieved 25 April 2018. 
  4. ^ Lepage, Denis (19 February 2018). "Checklist of birds of Madeiras". Bird Checklists of the World. Avibase. Retrieved 25 April 2018. 
  5. ^ Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/ Retrieved 18 August 2017

See also[edit]