List of birds of South America

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This is a list of the bird species recorded in South America. South America is the "Bird Continent": It boasts 3402 species, more than any other. (Much larger Eurasia is second with 3232.) Colombia's list alone numbers almost 1850 confirmed species, and Brazil's more than 1800. Of the continent's species, 2456 are endemic, significantly more than Eurasia's 2018. Nine entire families, containing 21 species, are endemic to the continent.[1][2]

Of the 2456 endemic species, 234 are found only in Brazil and 316 are only in one of 12 other countries and territories. Thirteen of the 3394 total species have been introduced to South America. In addition, 76 of the species are vagrants to the continent, with only a few records, and some have made only a single appearance. Twenty-six species have been recorded in all 18 countries and territories addressed here.[3]

The list includes birds confirmed in mainland South America, islands within 1200 km of its Atlantic and Pacific coasts, and the Caribbean countries and territories of Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, and Trinidad and Tobago. Major offshore entities include the Falkland Islands (Islas las Malvinas), the Galápagos Islands, and the Juan Fernandez Islands. Waters within 200 nautical miles of these lands are also included.[1]

Unless otherwise noted, the list of species is that of the South American Classification Committee (SACC) of the American Ornithological Society (AOS). The list's taxonomomy (names and sequence of orders, families, and species) is also that of the SACC unless noted otherwise. The list does not include domestic birds or escaped and introduced species which do not have established populations. It also does not include the results of species splits which have been accepted by the SACC but not finalized.[1]

The following tags annotate many species:

  • (E-SA) - Endemic to South America and present in more than one country (1906 species)
  • (E-AR) - Endemic to Argentina (16 species)
  • (E-BO) - Endemic to Bolivia (15 species)
  • (E-BR) - Endemic to Brazil (234 species)
  • (E-CH) - Endemic to Chile (12 species)
  • (E-CO) - Endemic to Colombia (80 species)
  • (E-EC) - Endemic to mainland Ecuador (6 species)
  • (E-GA) - Endemic to the Galápagos Islands of Ecuador (30 species)
  • (E-FA) - Endemic to the Falkland Islands (2 species)
  • (E-FG) - Endemic to French Guiana (1 species)
  • (E-PE) - Endemic to Peru (106 species)
  • (E-SU) - Endemic to Suriname (1 species)
  • (E-TT) - Endemic to Trinidad and Tobago (2 species)
  • (E-VE) - Endemic to Venezuela (45 species)
  • (V) - Vagrant to South America or the islands included in this list
  • (I) - Introduced to South America and established there
  • (All) - Recorded in all 18 countries and territories


Contents

Rheas[edit]

Order: Rheiiformes   Family: Rheidae

Tinamous[edit]

Order: Tinamiformes   Family: Tinamidae

Screamers[edit]

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anhimidae

Ducks, geese, and waterfowl[edit]

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anatidae

Guans, chachalacas, and curassows[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Cracidae

New World quail[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Odontophoridae

Pheasants[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Phasianidae

Flamingos[edit]

Order: Phoenicopteriformes   Family: Phoenicopteridae

Grebes[edit]

Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae

Pigeons and doves[edit]

Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae

Cuckoos and anis[edit]

Order: Cuculiformes   Family: Cuculidae

Oilbird[edit]

Order: Steatornithiformes   Family: Steatornithidae

Potoos[edit]

Order: Nyctibiiformes   Family: Nyctibiidae

Nightjars and allies[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Caprimulgidae

Swifts[edit]

Order: Apodiformes   Family: Apodidae

Hummingbirds[edit]

Order: Apodiformes   Family: Trochilidae

Hoatzin[edit]

Order: Opisthocomiformes   Family: Opisthocomidae

  • Hoatzin, Opisthocomus hoazin (E-SA)

Limpkin[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Aramidae

Trumpeters[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Psophiidae

Rails, gallinules, and coots[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Rallidae

Finfoots[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Heliornithidae

Plovers and lapwings[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae

Oystercatchers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Haematopodidae

Stilts and avocets[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae

Thick-knees[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Burhinidae

Sheathbills[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Chionidae

Magellanic plover[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Pluvianellidae

Sandpipers and allies[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae

Seedsnipes[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Thinocoridae

Jacanas[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Jacanidae

Painted-snipes[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Rostratulidae

Skuas and jaegers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae

Skimmers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Rynchopidae

Gulls, terns, and skimmers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Laridae

Sunbittern[edit]

Order: Eurypygiformes   Family: Eurypygidae

Tropicbirds[edit]

Order: Phaethontiformes   Family: Phaethontidae

Penguins[edit]

Order: Sphenisciformes   Family: Spheniscidae

Albatrosses[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Diomedeidae

Petrels and shearwaters[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Procellariidae

Storm-petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae

Storks[edit]

Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ciconiidae

Frigatebirds[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Fregatidae

Gannets and boobies[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Sulidae

Anhingas[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Anhingidae

Cormorants[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae

Pelicans[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Pelecanidae

Bitterns, herons, and egrets[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Ardeidae

Ibises and spoonbills[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Threskiornithidae

New World vultures[edit]

Order: Cathartiformes   Family: Cathartidae

Osprey[edit]

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Pandionidae

Kites, eagles, and hawks[edit]

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae

Barn-owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Tytonidae

Typical owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Strigidae

Quetzals and trogons[edit]

Order: Trogoniformes   Family: Trogonidae

Motmots[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Momotidae

Kingfishers[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae

Jacamars[edit]

Order: Galbuliformes   Family: Galbulidae

Puffbirds[edit]

Order: Galbuliformes   Family: Bucconidae

New World barbets[edit]

Order: Piciformes   Family: Capitonidae

Toucan barbet[edit]

Order: Piciformes   Family: Semnornithidae

Toucans[edit]

Order: Piciformes   Family: Ramphastidae

Woodpeckers[edit]

Order: Piciformes   Family: Picidae

Seriemas[edit]

Order: Cariamiformes   Family: Cariamidae

Falcons and caracaras[edit]

Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae

Asian and Australasian parrots[edit]

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittaculidae

New World and African parrots[edit]

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittacidae

Sapayoa[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sapayoidae

Typical antbirds[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Thamnophilidae

Crescentchests[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Melanopareiidae

Gnateaters[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Conopophagidae

Antpittas[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Grallariidae

Tapaculos[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Rhinocryptidae

Antthrushes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Formicariidae

Ovenbirds and woodcreepers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Furnariidae

Tyrant flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Tyrannidae

Sharpbill[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Oxyruncidae

Cotingas[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cotingidae

Manakins[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pipridae

Tityras and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Tityridae

Piprites[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Incertae sedis

Vireos[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Vireonidae

Jays[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Corvidae

Larks[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Alaudidae

Swallows and martins[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae

Wrens[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Troglodytidae

Gnatcatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Polioptilidae

Donacobius[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Donacobiidae

Dippers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cinclidae

Waxwings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Bombycillidae

Thrushes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Turdidae

Old World flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Muscicapidae

Mockingbirds and thrashers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Mimidae

Starlings and mynas[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sturnidae

Wagtails and pipits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae

Tanagers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Thraupidae

Genera Mitrospingus and Rhodinocichla[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Incertae sedis

New World sparrows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae

Cardinals and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cardinalidae

New World warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Parulidae

Troupials and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Icteridae

Finches, euphonias, and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae

Waxbills and munias[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Estrildidae

Weavers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Ploceidae

Old World sparrows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The SACC has split Nyctiprogne atifascia from Nyctiprogne leucopyga (Proposal 673) but has not assigned English names, so the proposal has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.
  2. ^ The SACC has split Schistes albogularis from Schistes geoffroyi (Proposal 774) but has not assigned Engish names, so the proposal has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.
  3. ^ The SACC has split Urochroa leucura from Urochroa bougueri (Proposal 775) but has not assigned Engish names, so the proposal has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.
  4. ^ The SACC has accepted Campylopterus calcirupicola as a newly described species (Proposal 756) but has not assigned an English name, so the proposal has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.
  5. ^ The SACC has split Thamnistes rufescens from T. anabatinus (Proposal 758) but has not assigned English names so the split has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.
  6. ^ The SACC has split Grallaricula leymebambae from Grallaricula ferrugineipectus (Proposal 784) but has not assigned Engish names, so the proposal has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.
  7. ^ The SACC has split Turdus subalaris from Turdus nigriceps (Proposal 786) but has not assigned English names so the proposal has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Remsen, J. V., Jr., J. I. Areta, C. D. Cadena, S. Claramunt, A. Jaramillo, J. F. Pacheco, J. Pérez-Emán, M. B. Robbins, F. G. Stiles, D. F. Stotz, and K. J. Zimmer. Version 7 July 2018. A classification of the bird species of South America. American Ornithological Society. http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm retrieved 7 July 2018
  2. ^ Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017. Downloaded 18 August 2017 from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  3. ^ South American Classification Committee (2018). "Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories, Version 7 July 2018". Retrieved 7 July 2018.

See also[edit]