List of birds of South America

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This is a list of the bird species recorded in South America. South America is the "Bird Continent": It boasts 3413 species, more than any other. (Much larger Eurasia is second with 3232.) Colombia's list alone numbers 1851 confirmed species, and both Brazil's and Peru's confirmed lists exceed 1800. Of the continent's species, 2464 are endemic, significantly more than Eurasia's 2018. Nine entire families, containing 21 species, are endemic to the continent.[1][2]

Of the 2464 endemic species, 235 are found only in Brazil and 318 are only in one of 12 other countries and territories. Thirteen of the 3413 total species have been introduced to South America. In addition, 76 of the species are vagrants to the continent, with only a few records, and some have made only a single appearance. Twenty-six species have been recorded in all 18 countries and territories addressed here.[3]

The list includes birds confirmed in mainland South America, islands within 1200 km of its Atlantic and Pacific coasts, and the Caribbean countries and territories of Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, and Trinidad and Tobago. Major offshore entities include the Falkland Islands (Islas las Malvinas), the Galápagos Islands, and the Juan Fernandez Islands. Waters within 200 nautical miles of these lands are also included.[1]

Unless otherwise noted, the list of species is that of the South American Classification Committee (SACC) of the American Ornithological Society (AOS). The list's taxonomomy (names and sequence of orders, families, and species) is also that of the SACC unless noted otherwise. The list does not include domestic birds or escaped and introduced species which do not have established populations. It also does not include the results of species splits and other changes which have been accepted by the SACC but not finalized.[1]

The following tags annotate many species:

  • (E-SA) - Endemic to South America and present in more than one country (1912 species)
  • (E-AR) - Endemic to Argentina (16 species)
  • (E-BO) - Endemic to Bolivia (15 species)
  • (E-BR) - Endemic to Brazil (235 species)
  • (E-CH) - Endemic to Chile (12 species)
  • (E-CO) - Endemic to Colombia (81 species)
  • (E-EC) - Endemic to mainland Ecuador (7 species)
  • (E-GA) - Endemic to the Galápagos Islands of Ecuador (30 species)
  • (E-FA) - Endemic to the Falkland Islands (2 species)
  • (E-FG) - Endemic to French Guiana (1 species)
  • (E-PE) - Endemic to Peru (106 species)
  • (E-SU) - Endemic to Suriname (1 species)
  • (E-TT) - Endemic to Trinidad and Tobago (2 species)
  • (E-VE) - Endemic to Venezuela (45 species)
  • (V) - Vagrant to South America or the islands included in this list
  • (I) - Introduced to South America and established there
  • (All) - Recorded in all 18 countries and territories



Order: Rheiiformes   Family: Rheidae


Order: Tinamiformes   Family: Tinamidae


Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anhimidae

Ducks, geese, and waterfowl[edit]

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anatidae

Guans, chachalacas, and curassows[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Cracidae

New World quail[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Odontophoridae


Order: Galliformes   Family: Phasianidae


Order: Phoenicopteriformes   Family: Phoenicopteridae


Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae

Pigeons and doves[edit]

Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae

Cuckoos and anis[edit]

Order: Cuculiformes   Family: Cuculidae


Order: Steatornithiformes   Family: Steatornithidae


Order: Nyctibiiformes   Family: Nyctibiidae

Nightjars and allies[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Caprimulgidae


Order: Apodiformes   Family: Apodidae


Order: Apodiformes   Family: Trochilidae


Order: Opisthocomiformes   Family: Opisthocomidae

  • Hoatzin, Opisthocomus hoazin (E-SA)


Order: Gruiformes   Family: Aramidae


Order: Gruiformes   Family: Psophiidae

Rails, gallinules, and coots[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Rallidae


Order: Gruiformes   Family: Heliornithidae

Plovers and lapwings[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Haematopodidae

Stilts and avocets[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Burhinidae


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Chionidae

Magellanic plover[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Pluvianellidae

Sandpipers and allies[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Thinocoridae


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Jacanidae


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Rostratulidae

Skuas and jaegers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Rynchopidae

Gulls and terns[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Laridae


Order: Eurypygiformes   Family: Eurypygidae


Order: Phaethontiformes   Family: Phaethontidae


Order: Sphenisciformes   Family: Spheniscidae


Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Diomedeidae

Southern storm-petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Oceanitidae

Northern storm-petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae

Petrels and shearwaters[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Procellariidae


Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ciconiidae


Order: Suliformes   Family: Fregatidae

Gannets and boobies[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Sulidae


Order: Suliformes   Family: Anhingidae


Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae


Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Pelecanidae

Bitterns, herons, and egrets[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Ardeidae

Ibises and spoonbills[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Threskiornithidae

New World vultures[edit]

Order: Cathartiformes   Family: Cathartidae


Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Pandionidae

Kites, eagles, and hawks[edit]

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae


Order: Strigiformes   Family: Tytonidae

Typical owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Strigidae

Quetzals and trogons[edit]

Order: Trogoniformes   Family: Trogonidae


Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Momotidae


Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae


Order: Galbuliformes   Family: Galbulidae


Order: Galbuliformes   Family: Bucconidae

New World barbets[edit]

Order: Piciformes   Family: Capitonidae

Toucan barbet[edit]

Order: Piciformes   Family: Semnornithidae


Order: Piciformes   Family: Ramphastidae


Order: Piciformes   Family: Picidae


Order: Cariamiformes   Family: Cariamidae

Falcons and caracaras[edit]

Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae

Asian and Australasian parrots[edit]

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittaculidae

New World and African parrots[edit]

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittacidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sapayoidae

Typical antbirds[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Thamnophilidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Melanopareiidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Conopophagidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Grallariidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Rhinocryptidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Formicariidae

Ovenbirds and woodcreepers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Furnariidae

Tyrant flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Tyrannidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Oxyruncidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cotingidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pipridae

Tityras and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Tityridae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Incertae sedis


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Vireonidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Corvidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Alaudidae

Swallows and martins[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Troglodytidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Polioptilidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Donacobiidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cinclidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Bombycillidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Turdidae

Old World flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Muscicapidae

Mockingbirds and thrashers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Mimidae

Starlings and mynas[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sturnidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Ploceidae

Waxbills and munias[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Estrildidae

Old World sparrows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae

Wagtails and pipits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae

Finches, euphonias, and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Rhodinocichlidae

New World sparrows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passerellidae

Troupials and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Icteridae

New World warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Parulidae

Mitrospingid tanagers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Mitrospingidae

Cardinals and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cardinalidae

Tanagers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Thraupidae


  1. ^ The SACC has split Nyctiprogne atifascia from Nyctiprogne leucopyga (Proposal 673) but has not assigned English names, so the proposal has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.
  2. ^ The SACC has accepted Campylopterus calcirupicola as a newly described species (Proposal 756) but has not assigned an English name, so the proposal has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.
  3. ^ The SACC has determined that the former Amazilia chionogaster and Amazilia viridicauda do not belong to genus Amazilia (Proposal 781) but has not selected a new genus name for them.
  4. ^ The SACC has split Thamnistes rufescens from T. anabatinus (Proposal 758) but has not assigned English names so the split has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.
  5. ^ The SACC has split Xiphorhynchus atlanticus from Xiphorhynchus fuscus (Proposal 809) but has not assigned English names, so the proposal has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.
  6. ^ The SACC has split Ramphocaenus sticturus from Ramphocaenus melanurus (Proposal 790A) but has not assigned English names, so the proposal has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.
  7. ^ The SACC has split Turdus subalaris from Turdus nigriceps (Proposal 786) but has not assigned English names so the proposal has not been implemented and the counts do not reflect the change.


  1. ^ a b c Remsen, J. V., Jr., J. I. Areta, C. D. Cadena, S. Claramunt, A. Jaramillo, J. F. Pacheco, J. Pérez-Emán, M. B. Robbins, F. G. Stiles, D. F. Stotz, and K. J. Zimmer. Version 6 June 2019. A classification of the bird species of South America. American Ornithological Society. retrieved June 6, 2019
  2. ^ Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017. Downloaded 18 August 2017 from
  3. ^ South American Classification Committee (2019). "Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories, Version 6 June 2019". Retrieved June 6, 2019.

See also[edit]