List of birds of Thailand

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The Siamese fireback is the national bird of Thailand.

The birds of Thailand included 1057 species as of early 2018. Of them, more than 100 are rare or accidental, two have been introduced by humans, and nine have been extirpated. Sixty-four of the country's species are globally threatened.[1]

The birds of Thailand are mainly typical of the Indomalaya ecozone, with affinities to the Indian subcontinent to the west, and, particularly in Southern Thailand, with the Sundaic fauna to the southeast. The northern mountains are outliers of the Tibetan Plateau, with many species of montane birds, and in winter the avifauna is augmented by migrants from the eastern Palearctic and Himalayas. That Thailand's habitats are contiguous with those of neighbouring countries explains the low number of endemic species.

In 1991, it was estimated that 159 resident and 23 migratory species were endangered or vulnerable due to forest clearance, illegal logging, hunting and habitat degradation, especially in the lowlands. The species most affected are large water birds whose wetland habitat has been largely lost to agriculture, and forest species, as deforestation for agriculture and logging have removed and degraded portions of the woodlands.[2]

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) are those of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 2017 edition.[3] The designations as accidental, introduced, and extirpated, and the notes of worldwide population status such as "critically endangered", are from Bird Checklists of the World. The notes of status in Thailand, such as "winter visitor", are from Lekagul and Round (1991). Species with no indicated status are resident or partially resident non-rarities.[2][4]


Contents

Ducks, geese, and waterfowl[edit]

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anatidae

Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These birds are adapted to an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating.

A male cotton pygmy-goose
Common name Binomial Status
Lesser whistling-duck Dendrocygna javanica
Bar-headed goose Anser indicus Very rare winter visitor
Graylag goose Anser anser Accidental
Swan goose Anser cygnoides Accidental
Greater white-fronted goose Anser albifrons Accidental
Comb duck Sarkidiornis melanotos Rare resident
Ruddy shelduck Tadorna ferruginea Rare winter visitor
Common shelduck Tadorna tadorna Very rare winter visitor
Cotton pygmy-goose Nettapus coromandelianus
Mandarin duck Aix galericulata Accidental
Baikal teal Sibirionetta formosa Accidental
Garganey Spatula querquedula Winter visitor
Northern shoveler Spatula clypeata Winter visitor
Gadwall Mareca strepera Very rare winter visitor
Falcated duck Mareca falcata
Eurasian wigeon Mareca penelope Winter visitor
Indian spot-billed duck Anas poecilorhyncha Rare winter visitor
Eastern spot-billed duck Anas zonorhyncha Rare winter visitor
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Northern pintail Anas acuta Winter visitor
Green-winged teal Anas crecca Winter visitor
White-winged duck Asarcornis scutulata Very rare resident, endangered
Red-crested pochard Netta rufina Very rare winter visitor
Common pochard Aythya ferina Very rare winter visitor
Ferruginous duck Aythya nyroca Rare winter visitor
Baer's pochard Aythya baeri Rare winter visitor, critically endangered
Tufted duck Aythya fuligula Rare winter visitor
Greater scaup Aythya marila Accidental
Long-tailed duck Clangula hyemalis Accidental
Scaly-sided merganser Mergus squamatus Accidental, endangered

Pheasants, grouse, and allies[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Phasianidae

The Phasianidae are a family of terrestrial birds which consists of quails, partridges, snowcocks, francolins, spurfowls, tragopans, monals, pheasants, peafowls, and jungle fowls. In general, they are plump (although they vary in size) and have broad, relatively short wings.

The Malayan peacock-pheasant is vulnerable to extinction due to deforestation.
Common name Binomial Status
Ferruginous partridge Caloperdix oculeus
Crested partridge Rollulus rouloul
Rufous-throated partridge Arborophila rufogularis
Malaysian partridge Arborophila campbelli
Bar-backed partridge Arborophila brunneopectus
Chestnut-headed partridge Arborophila cambodiana
Scaly-breasted partridge Arborophila chloropus
Chestnut-necklaced partridge Arborophila charltonii
Long-billed partridge Rhizothera longirostris
Great argus Argusianus argus
Green peafowl Pavo muticus Endangered
Malayan peacock-pheasant Polyplectron malacense
Mountain peacock-pheasant Polyplectron inopinatum Accidental
Gray peacock-pheasant Polyplectron bicalcaratum
Blue-breasted quail Synoicus chinesis
Japanese quail Coturnix japonica Very rare winter visitor
Rain quail Coturnix coromandelica
Chinese francolin Francolinus pintadeanus
Mountain bamboo-partridge Bambusicola fytchii
Red junglefowl Gallus gallus
Hume's pheasant Syrmaticus humiae Rare
Silver pheasant Lophura nycthemera
Kalij pheasant Lophura leucomelanos
Siamese fireback Lophura diardi
Crestless fireback Lophura erythrophthalma
Crested fireback Lophura ignita Rare

Grebes[edit]

Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae

Grebes are small to medium-large freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes and are excellent swimmers and divers. Their feet are placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land.

A little grebe in non-breeding plumage
Name Binomial Status
Little grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Horned grebe Podiceps auritus Accidental
Great crested grebe Podiceps cristatus Very rare winter visitor
Eared grebe Podiceps nigricollis Accidental

Flamingos[edit]

Order: Phoenicopteriformes   Family: Phoenicopteridae

Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet (0.9 to 1.5 m) tall, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Their oddly shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume and, uniquely, are used upside-down.

Common name Binomial Status
Greater flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus Accidental

Albatrosses[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Diomedeidae

The albatrosses are among the largest of flying birds, and the great albatrosses of the genus Diomedea have the largest wingspans of any extant birds.

Common name Binomial Status
Laysan albatross Phoenicopterus roseus Accidental

Shearwaters and petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Procellariidae

The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized "true petrels", characterised by united nostrils with medium septum and a long outer functional primary.

The short-tailed shearwater is a long-distance migrant occasionally recorded in Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Streaked shearwater Calonectris leucomelas Very rare winter visitor
Wedge-tailed shearwater Ardenna pacificus Accidental
Short-tailed shearwater Ardenna tenuirostris Accidental

Storm-petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae

Storm-petrels are small birds which spend most of their lives at sea, coming ashore only to breed. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering or pattering across the water. Their flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like.

Common name Binomial Status
Swinhoe's storm-petrel Oceanodroma monorhis Accidental

Tropicbirds[edit]

Order: Phaethontiformes   Family: Phaethontidae

Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their heads and long wings have black markings.

Common name Binomial Status
White-tailed tropicbird Phaethon lepturus Accidental
Red-tailed tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda Accidental

Storks[edit]

Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ciconiidae

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are virtually mute, but bill-clattering is an important mode of communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory.

The painted stork is now a rare breeder and passage migrant of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Asian openbill Anastomus oscitans
Black stork Ciconia nigra Rare winter visitor
Woolly-necked stork Ciconia episcopus
Storm's stork Ciconia stormi Endangered
White stork Ciconia ciconia Accidental
Oriental stork Ciconia boyciana Endangered
Black-necked stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus Extirpated
Lesser adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus Rare
Greater adjutant Leptoptilos dubius Extirpated, endangered
Milky stork Mycteria cinerea Extirpated, endangered
Painted stork Mycteria leucocephala

Frigatebirds[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Fregatidae

Frigatebirds are large seabirds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black-and-white, or completely black, with long wings and deeply forked tails. The males have coloured inflatable throat pouches. They do not swim or walk and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan-to-body-weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week.

Common name Binomial Status
Lesser frigatebird Fregata ariel Winter visitor
Christmas Island frigatebird Fregata andrewsi Winter visitor, critically endangered
Great frigatebird Fregata minor Rare

Boobies[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Sulidae

The gannets and boobies are medium to large coastal seabirds that plunge-dive for fish.

Common name Binomial Status
Masked booby Sula dactylatra
Brown booby Sula leucogaster Rare visitor, formerly bred
Red-footed booby Sula sula Accidental

Cormorants[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae

The little cormorant is a resident breeding species of Thailand.

The Phalacrocoracidae are a family of medium to large fish-eating birds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies; the majority of species have mainly dark plumage, but some are pied black and white, and a few are more colourful.

Common name Binomial Status
Little cormorant Microcarbo niger
Great cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Indian cormorant Phalacrocorax fuscicollis Rare winter visitor, formerly bred

Darters[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Anhingidae

Adult Oriental darters are rare visitors to Thailand.

Darters are often called "snake-birds" because they have long thin necks, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged. The males have black and dark-brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. The females have much paler plumage, especially, on the neck and underparts. The darters have completely webbed feet and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving.

Common name Binomial Status
Oriental darter Anhinga melanogaster Rare

Pelicans[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Pelecanidae

The spot-billed pelican, once common, is now rare.

Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under their beak. They have webbed feet with four toes.

Common name Binomial Status
Spot-billed pelican Pelecanus philippensis Rare, probably once bred

Bitterns, herons, and egrets[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Ardeidae

The yellow bittern is a very common resident and winter visitor of Thailand.
The cattle egret has naturally colonised Thailand.

The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons, and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises, and spoonbills, members of this family fly with their necks retracted.

Common name Binomial Status
Great bittern Botaurus stellaris Winter visitor
Yellow bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
Schrenck's bittern Ixobrychus eurhythmus Passage migrant
Cinnamon bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Black bittern Ixobrychus flavicollis
Gray heron Ardea cinerea Winter visitor, formerly bred
Great-billed heron Ardea sumatrana Now very rare
Purple heron Ardea purpurea Winter visitor
Great egret Ardea alba
Intermediate egret Ardea intermedia Winter visitor
Chinese egret Egretta eulophotes Very rare winter visitor
Little egret Egretta garzetta
Pacific reef-heron Egretta sacra
Cattle egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian pond-heron Ardeola grayii
Chinese pond-heron Ardeola bacchus Winter visitor
Javan pond-heron Ardeola speciosa
Striated heron Butorides striata
Black-crowned night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Malayan night-heron Gorsachius melanolophus

Ibises and spoonbills[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Threskiornithidae

Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which comprises the ibises and spoonbills. Its members have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary flight feathers. They are strong fliers and, despite their size and weight, very capable soarers.

The black-faced spoonbill is a rare winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Glossy ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Black-headed ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
White-shouldered ibis Pseudibis davisoni Extirpated, critically endangered
Giant ibis Pseudibis gigantea Extirpated, critically endangered
Eurasian spoonbill Platalea leucorodia Very rare winter visitor
Black-faced spoonbill Platalea minor Very rare winter visitor, endangered

Osprey[edit]

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Pandionidae

The family Pandionidae contains only one species, the osprey. The osprey is a medium-large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.

Common name Binomial Status
Osprey Pandion haliaetus Winter visitor

Hawks, eagles, and kites[edit]

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae

Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey which includes hawks, eagles, kites, harriers, and Old World vultures. These birds mostly have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight.

The crested serpent-eagle is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Black-shouldered kite Elanus caeruleus
Oriental honey-buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus
Jerdon's baza Aviceda jerdoni
Black baza Aviceda leuphotes
Red-headed vulture Sarcogyps calvus Critically endangered
Cinereous vulture Aegypius monachus Rare winter visitor
White-rumped vulture Gyps bengalensis Extirpated, critically endangered
Slender-billed vulture Gyps tenuirostris Extirpated, critically endangered
Himalayan griffon Gyps himalayensis Accidental
Crested serpent-eagle Spilornis cheela
Short-toed snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus Rare passage migrant and winter visitor
Bat hawk Macheiramphus alcinus
Changeable hawk-eagle Nisaetus limnaeetus
Mountain hawk-eagle Nisaetus nipalensis
Blyth's hawk-eagle Nisaetus alboniger
Wallace's hawk-eagle Nisaetus nanus
Rufous-bellied eagle Lophotriorchis kienerii
Black eagle Ictinaetus malaiensis
Greater spotted eagle Clanga clanga Uncommon passage migrant and winter visitor
Booted eagle Hieraaetus pennatus Rare passage migrant and winter visitor
Steppe eagle Aquila nipalensis Accidental
Imperial eagle Aquila heliaca Rare winter visitor
Bonelli's eagle Aquila fasciata Rare
Rufous-winged buzzard Butastur liventer
Gray-faced buzzard Butastur indicus Passage migrant and winter visitor
Eurasian marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus Rare winter visitor
Eastern marsh-harrier Circus spilonotus Winter visitor
Hen harrier Circus cyaneus Rare winter visitor
Pallid harrier Circus macrourus Accidental
Pied harrier Circus melanoleucos Winter visitor
Crested goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus
Shikra Accipiter badius
Chinese sparrowhawk Accipiter soloensis Passage migrant and winter visitor
Japanese sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis Passage migrant and winter visitor
Besra Accipiter virgatus
Eurasian sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus Rare winter visitor
Northern goshawk Accipiter gentilis Rare winter visitor
Black kite Milvus migrans Winter visitor, some breed
Brahminy kite Haliastur indus
White-tailed eagle Haliaeetus albicilla Accidental
Pallas's fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus Accidental, endangered
White-bellied sea-eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster
Lesser fish-eagle Ichthyophaga humilis Rare resident
Gray-headed fish-eagle Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus Very rare
Common buzzard Buteo buteo
Himalayan buzzard Buteo refectus
Eastern buzzard Buteo japonicus Winter visitor
Long-legged buzzard Buteo rufinus Accidental

Rails, crakes, gallinules, and coots[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Rallidae

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, making them difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs and long toes which are well adapted to soft uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and appear to be weak fliers.

The white-breasted waterhen is a very common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Red-legged crake Rallina fasciata
Slaty-legged crake Rallina eurizonoides Rare, mainly winter visitor
Slaty-breasted rail Gallirallus striatus
Brown-cheeked rail Rallus indicus Winter visitor
White-breasted waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
White-browed crake Porzana cinerea
Spotted crake Porzana porzana Very rare winter visitor
Ruddy-breasted crake Porzana fusca
Band-bellied crake Porzana paykullii Accidental
Baillon's crake Porzana pusilla Winter visitor
Black-tailed crake Zapornia bicolor Rare
Watercock Gallicrex cinerea Summer visitor and resident
Black-backed swamphen Porphyrio indicus
Gray-headed swamphen Porphyrio poliocephalus
Eurasian moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Eurasian coot Fulica atra Winter visitor

Finfoots[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Heliornithidae

Heliornithidae is small family of tropical birds with webbed lobes on their feet similar to those of grebes and coots.

Common name Binomial Status
Masked finfoot Heliopais personatus Winter visitor and passage migrant, endangered

Cranes[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Gruidae

Cranes are large, long-legged, and long-necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances".

Common name Binomial Status
Demoiselle crane Anthropoides virgo Accidental
Sarus crane Antigone antigone Extirpated
Common crane Grus grus Accidental

Thick-knees[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Burhinidae

The thick-knees are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow-black bills, large yellow eyes, and cryptic plumage. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats.

Common name Binomial Status
Indian thick-knee Burhinus indicus
Great thick-knee Esacus recurvirostris
Beach thick-knee Esacus magnirostris Rare and local

Stilts and avocets[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae

The black-winged stilt is common in wetlands.

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds which includes the avocets and stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills.

Common name Binomial Status
Black-winged stilt Himantopus himantopus Resident and winter visitor
Pied avocet Recurvirostra avosetta Accidental

Oystercatchers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Haematopodidae

The oystercatchers are large and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prising open molluscs.

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus Accidental

Plovers and lapwings[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short thick necks, and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water.

The black-bellied plover is a common winter visitor to Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Black-bellied plover Pluvialis squatarola Winter visitor
Pacific golden-plover Pluvialis fulva Winter visitor
Northern lapwing Vanellus vanellus Rare winter visitor
River lapwing Vanellus duvaucelii
Gray-headed lapwing Vanellus cinereus Winter visitor
Red-wattled lapwing Vanellus indicus
Lesser sand-plover Charadrius mongolus Winter visitor
Greater sand-plover Charadrius leschenaultii Winter visitor
Malaysian plover Charadrius peronii
Kentish plover Charadrius alexandrinus Winter visitor
Common ringed plover Charadrius hiaticula Accidental
Long-billed plover Charadrius placidus Rare winter visitor
Little ringed plover Charadrius dubius Winter visitor
Oriental plover Charadrius veredus Accidental

Painted-snipes[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Rostratulidae

Painted-snipes are short-legged, long-billed birds similar in shape to the true snipes,but more brightly coloured.

The greater painted-snipe is one of the few bird species in which the female (pictured) is brighter than the male.[2]
Common name Binomial Status
Greater painted-snipe Rostratula benghalensis

Jacanas[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Jacanidae

The jacanas are a group of waders found throughout the tropics. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat.

Common name Binomial Status
Pheasant-tailed jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus Winter visitor and resident
Bronze-winged jacana Metopidius indicus

Sandpipers and allies[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae

Scolopacidae is a large diverse family of small to medium-sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers, and phalaropes. The majority of these species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enables multiple species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food.

The red-necked stint is a very common winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus Winter visitor
Little curlew Numenius minutus Very rare passage migrant
Far Eastern curlew Numenius madagascariensis Rare passage migrant, endangered
Eurasian curlew Numenius arquata Winter visitor
Bar-tailed godwit Limosa lapponica Winter visitor
Black-tailed godwit Limosa limosa Winter visitor
Ruddy turnstone Arenaria interpres Winter visitor
Great knot Calidris tenuirostris Mainly passage migrant, endangered
Red knot Calidris canutus Winter visitor
Ruff Calidris pugnax Winter and passage visitor
Broad-billed sandpiper Calidris falcinellus Winter visitor
Sharp-tailed sandpiper Calidris acuminata Very rare winter visitor
Curlew sandpiper Calidris ferruginea Winter visitor
Temminck's stint Calidris temminckii Winter visitor
Long-toed stint Calidris subminuta Winter visitor
Spoon-billed sandpiper Calidris pygmeus Rare on passage and in winter, critically endangered[5]
Red-necked stint Calidris ruficollis Common winter visitor
Sanderling Calidris alba Winter visitor
Dunlin Calidris alpina Rare winter visitor
Little stint Calidris minuta Rare in winter
Asian dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus Rare on passage
Long-billed dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus Accidental
Jack snipe Lymnocryptes minimus Rare winter visitor
Eurasian woodcock Scolopax rusticola Winter visitor
Wood snipe Gallinago nemoricola Very rare winter visitor
Common snipe Gallinago gallinago Winter visitor
Pin-tailed snipe Gallinago stenura Winter visitor
Swinhoe's snipe Gallinago megala Very rare winter visitor
Terek sandpiper Xenus cinereus Winter visitor
Red-necked phalarope Phalaropus lobatus Rare in winter or on passage
Red phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius Rare in winter or on passage
Common sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos Winter visitor
Green sandpiper Tringa ochropus Winter visitor
Gray-tailed tattler Tringa brevipes Rare on passage
Spotted redshank Tringa erythropus Winter visitor
Common greenshank Tringa nebularia Winter visitor
Nordmann's greenshank Tringa guttifer Rare winter visitor, endangered
Marsh sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis Winter visitor
Wood sandpiper Tringa glareola Winter visitor
Common redshank Tringa totanus Winter visitor

Buttonquails[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Turnicidae

The buttonquails are small, drab, running birds which resemble the true quails. The female is the brighter of the sexes and initiates courtship. The male incubates the eggs and tends the young.

The barred buttonquail is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Small buttonquail Turnix sylvaticus
Yellow-legged buttonquail Turnix tanki
Barred buttonquail Turnix suscitator

Crab-plover[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Dromadidae

The crab-plover is related to the waders, but is the only member of its family. It resembles a plover but has very long grey legs and a strong black bill similar to that of a tern. It has black-and-white plumage, a long neck, partially webbed feet, and a bill designed for eating crabs.

Common name Binomial Status
Crab-plover Dromas ardeola Rare but annual in winter

Pratincoles and coursers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Glareolidae

Glareolidae is a family of wading birds comprising the pratincoles, which have short legs, long pointed wings, and long forked tails, and the coursers, which have long legs, short wings, and long, pointed bills which curve downwards.

The small pratincole is a wader that hunts insects in flight.
Common name Binomial Status
Collared pratincole Glareola pratincola Accidental
Oriental pratincole Glareola maldivarum Summer visitor
Small pratincole Glareola lactea Resident and winter visitor

Jaegers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae

The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants.

Common name Binomial Status
Pomarine jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus Winter visitor
Parasitic jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus Rare winter visitor
Long-tailed jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus

Gulls, terns, and skimmers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Laridae

Laridae is a family of medium to large seabirds, the gulls, terns, and skimmers. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. Terns are a group of generally medium to large seabirds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species known to live in excess of 30 years. Skimmers are a small family of tropical tern-like birds. They have an elongated lower mandible which they use to feed by flying low over the water surface and skimming the water for small fish.

Heuglin's gull is an uncommon winter visitor of Thailand.
The whiskered tern is a very common winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Black-legged kittiwake Rissa tridactyla Accidental
Sabine's gull Xema sabini Accidental
Slender-billed gull Chroicocephalus genei Very rare winter visitor
Black-headed gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus Winter visitor
Brown-headed gull Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus Rare winter visitor
Little gull Hydrocoloeus minutus Accidental
Sooty gull Ichthyaetus hemprichii Accidental
Pallas's gull Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus Very rare winter visitor
Black-tailed gull Larus crassirostris Very rare winter visitor
Mew gull Larus canus Accidental
Herring gull Larus argentatus
Caspian gull Larus cachinnans Accidental
Lesser black-backed gull Larus fuscus Accidental
Slaty-backed gull Larus schistisagus Accidental
Brown noddy Anous stolidus
Sooty tern Onychoprion fuscatus
Bridled tern Onychoprion anaethetus
Little tern Sternula albifrons
Gull-billed tern Gelochelidon nilotica Winter visitor
Caspian tern Hydroprogne caspia Winter visitor
White-winged tern Chlidonias leucopterus Winter visitor
Whiskered tern Chlidonias hybrida
Roseate tern Sterna dougallii
Black-naped tern Sterna sumatrana
Common tern Sterna hirundo Winter visitor
Black-bellied tern Sterna acuticauda Endangered
River tern Sterna aurantia
Great crested tern Thalasseus bergii
Lesser crested tern Thalasseus bengalensis Rare winter visitor
Chinese crested tern Thalasseus bernsteini Accidental, critically endangered
Indian skimmer Rynchops albicollis

Pigeons and doves[edit]

Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere.

The pied imperial-pigeon is locally common in coastal forests of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Rock pigeon Columba livia Due to hybridisation with feral pigeons, few if any pure-bred birds remain in Thailand[4]
Speckled wood-pigeon Columba hodgsonii
Ashy wood-pigeon Columba pulchricollis
Pale-capped pigeon Columba punicea Rare, uncertain status
Oriental turtle-dove Streptopelia orientalis
Red collared-dove Streptopelia tranquebarica
Spotted dove Streptopelia chinensis
Barred cuckoo-dove Macropygia unchall
Little cuckoo-dove Macropygia ruficeps
Asian emerald dove Chalcophaps indica
Zebra dove Geopelia striata Native in south, introduced to central Thailand[6]
Nicobar pigeon Caloenas nicobarica Rare
Little green-pigeon Treron olax Rare
Pink-necked pigeon Treron vernans
Cinnamon-headed pigeon Treron fulvicollis
Orange-breasted pigeon Treron bicincta
Ashy-headed green-pigeon Treron phayrei
Thick-billed pigeon Treron curvirostra
Large green-pigeon Treron capellei Rare
Yellow-footed pigeon Treron phoenicopterus
Yellow-vented pigeon Treron seimundi Very rare
Pin-tailed pigeon Treron apicauda
Wedge-tailed pigeon Treron sphenurus
White-bellied pigeon Treron sieboldii Very rare
Jambu fruit-dove Ptilinopus jambu
Green imperial-pigeon Ducula aenea
Mountain imperial-pigeon Ducula badia
Pied imperial-pigeon Ducula bicolor

Cuckoos[edit]

Order: Cuculiformes   Family: Cuculidae

The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners, and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails, and strong legs. Many Old World cuckoo species are brood parasites.

Common name Binomial Status
Coral-billed ground-cuckoo Carpococcyx renauldi
Short-toed coucal Centropus rectunguis Accidental
Greater coucal Centropus sinensis
Lesser coucal Centropus bengalensis
Raffles's malkoha Rhinortha chlorophaea
Red-billed malkoha Phaenicophaeus javanicus
Chestnut-breasted malkoha Phaenicophaeus curvirostris
Chestnut-bellied malkoha Phaenicophaeus sumatranus
Black-bellied malkoha Phaenicophaeus diardi
Green-billed malkoha Phaenicophaeus tristis
Chestnut-winged cuckoo Clamator coromandus Summer visitor and on passage
Pied cuckoo Clamator jacobinus
Asian koel Eudynamys scolopaceus
Asian emerald cuckoo Chrysococcyx maculatus Resident and winter visitor
Violet cuckoo Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
Little bronze-cuckoo Chrysococcyx minutillus
Banded bay cuckoo Cacomantis sonneratii
Plaintive cuckoo Cacomantis merulinus
Brush cuckoo Cacomantis variolosus
Fork-tailed drongo-cuckoo Surniculus dicruroides
Square-tailed drongo-cuckoo Surniculus lugubris
Moustached hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx vagans
Large hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides
Dark hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx bocki"
Common hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx varius
Northern hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx hyperythrus
Hodgson's hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx nisicolor
Malaysian hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx fugax
Lesser cuckoo Cuculus poliocephalus Very rare
Indian cuckoo Cuculus micropterus
Himalayan cuckoo Cuculus saturatus
Sunda cuckoo Cuculus lepidus
Common cuckoo Cuculus canorus Uncertain status

Barn-owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Tytonidae

Barn-owls are medium to large owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons.

Common name Binomial Status
Australasian grass-owl Tyto longimembris
Barn owl Tyto alba
Oriental bay-owl Phodilus badius

Typical owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Strigidae

The typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk.

The collared scops-owl is a very common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
White-fronted scops-owl Otus sagittatus Rare
Reddish scops-owl Otus rufescens Rare
Mountain scops-owl Otus spilocephalus
Collared scops-owl Otus lettia
Sunda scops-owl Otus lempiji
Oriental scops-owl Otus sunia
Spot-bellied eagle-owl Bubo nipalensis
Barred eagle-owl Bubo sumatranus
Dusky eagle-owl Bubo coromandus Very rare
Brown fish-owl Ketupa zeylonensis
Buffy fish-owl Ketupa ketupu
Collared owlet Glaucidium brodiei
Asian barred owlet Glaucidium cuculoides
Spotted owlet Athene brama
Spotted wood-owl Strix seloputo
Brown wood-owl Strix leptogrammica
Short-eared owl Asio flammeus Very rare winter visitor
Brown boobook Ninox scutulata
Northern boobook Ninox japonica Accidental

Frogmouths[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Podargidae

The frogmouths are a group of nocturnal birds related to the nightjars. They are named for their large flattened hooked bill and huge frog-like gape, which they use to take insects.

Common name Binomial Status
Large frogmouth Batrachostomus auritus Very rare
Gould's frogmouth Batrachostomus stellatus Rare
Hodgson's frogmouth Batrachostomus hodgsoni
Blyth's frogmouth Batrachostomus affinis

Nightjars[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Caprimulgidae

Nightjars are medium-sized ground-nesting nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs, and very short bills. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves.

The large-tailed nightjar is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Malaysian nightjar Lyncornis temminckii
Great eared-nightjar Lyncornis macrotis
Gray nightjar Caprimulgus jotaka Winter visitor, breeds in mountains
Large-tailed nightjar Caprimulgus macrurus
Indian nightjar Caprimulgus asiaticus
Savanna nightjar Caprimulgus affinis

Swifts[edit]

Order: Apodiformes   Family: Apodidae

Swifts are small birds which spend the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang.

The house swift is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Silver-rumped needletail Rhaphidura leucopygialis
White-throated needletail Hirundapus caudacutus Rare migrant
Silver-backed needletail Hirundapus cochinchinensis Uncertain status
Brown-backed needletail Hirundapus giganteus
Plume-toed swiftlet Collocalia affinis Rare
Himalayan swiftlet Aerodramus brevirostris Breeds in highlands, winter visitor elsewhere
Black-nest swiftlet Aerodramus maximus
White-nest swiftlet Aerodramus fuciphagus
Germain's swiftlet Aerodramus germani
Common swift Apus apus Accidental
Pacific swift Apus pacificus Winter visitor, some breed
Cook's swift Apus cooki
Dark-rumped swift Apus acuticauda Very rare winter visitor
House swift Apus nipalensis
Asian palm-swift Cypsiurus balasiensis

Treeswifts[edit]

Order: Apodiformes   Family: Hemiprocnidae

The treeswifts, also called crested swifts, are closely related to the true swifts. They differ from the true swifts in that they have crests, long forked tails, and soft plumage.

Common name Binomial Status
Crested treeswift Hemiprocne coronata
Gray-rumped treeswift Hemiprocne longipennis
Whiskered treeswift Hemiprocne comata

Trogons[edit]

Order: Trogoniformes   Family: Trogonidae

The red-headed trogon is a common resident of Thailand.

The family Trogonidae includes the trogons and quetzals. Found in tropical woodlands worldwide, they feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. Trogons have soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage.

Common name Binomial Status
Red-naped trogon Harpactes kasumba Rare
Diard's trogon Harpactes diardii
Cinnamon-rumped trogon Harpactes orrhophaeus Rare
Scarlet-rumped trogon Harpactes duvaucelii
Red-headed trogon Harpactes erythrocephalus
Orange-breasted trogon Harpactes oreskios

Hoopoes[edit]

Order: Bucerotiformes   Family: Upupidae

Hoopoes have black, white, and pink plumage and a large erectile crest on the head.

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian hoopoe Upupa epops

Hornbills[edit]

Order: Bucerotiformes   Family: Bucerotidae

Hornbills are a group of birds whose bill is shaped like a cow's horn, but without a twist, sometimes with a casque on the upper mandible. Frequently, the bill is brightly coloured.

The Oriental pied-hornbill is a fairly common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
White-crowned hornbill Berenicornis comatus
Helmeted hornbill Buceros vigil Critically endangered
Rhinoceros hornbill Buceros rhinoceros Rare, far south
Great hornbill Buceros bicornis
Bushy-crested hornbill Anorrhinus galeritus
Brown hornbill Anorrhinus austeni
Rusty-cheeked hornbill Anorrhinus tickelli
Black hornbill Anthracoceros malayanus Rare
Oriental pied-hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris
Rufous-necked hornbill Aceros nipalensis Rare
Wreathed hornbill Rhyticeros undulatus
Plain-pouched hornbill Rhyticeros subruficollis Rare
Wrinkled hornbill Rhabdotorrhinus corrugatus

Kingfishers[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae

Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long, pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails.

The stork-billed kingfisher is an uncommon resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Blyth's kingfisher Alcedo hercules Very rare winter visitor
Common kingfisher Alcedo atthis Very common winter visitor
Blue-eared kingfisher Alcedo meninting
Blue-banded kingfisher Alcedo euryzona
Black-backed dwarf-kingfisher Ceyx erithaca
Rufous-backed dwarf-kingfisher Ceyx rufidorsa
Banded kingfisher Lacedo pulchella
Brown-winged kingfisher Pelargopsis amauroptera
Stork-billed kingfisher Pelargopsis capensis
Ruddy kingfisher Halcyon coromanda
White-throated kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis
Black-capped kingfisher Halcyon pileata Winter visitor and passage migrant
Collared kingfisher Todirhamphus chloris
Rufous-collared kingfisher Actenoides concretus Rare and reduced
Crested kingfisher Megaceryle lugubris
Pied kingfisher Ceryle rudis

Bee-eaters[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Meropidae

The bee-eaters are a group of near passerine birds. Most species are found in Africa but others occur in southern Europe, southern Asia, Australia and New Guinea. They are characterised by richly coloured plumage, slender bodies, and usually elongated central tail feathers. All are colourful and have long down-turned bills and pointed wings, which give them a swallow-like appearance when seen from afar.

The red-bearded bee-eater is a fairly common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Red-bearded bee-eater Nyctyornis amictus
Blue-bearded bee-eater Nyctyornis athertoni
Green bee-eater Merops orientalis
Blue-throated bee-eater Merops viridis Resident, winter visitor and passage migrant
Blue-tailed bee-eater Merops philippinus Resident, winter visitor and passage migrant
Chestnut-headed bee-eater Merops leschenaulti

Rollers[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Coraciidae

Rollers resemble crows in size and build, but are more closely related to the kingfishers and bee-eaters. They share the colourful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. The two inner front toes are connected, but the outer toe is not.

Common name Binomial Status
Indian roller Coracias benghalensis
Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis

Asian barbets[edit]

Order: Piciformes   Family: Megalaimidae

The Asian barbets are plump birds, with short necks and large heads. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. Most species are brightly coloured.

The lineated barbet is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Sooty barbet Caloramphus hayii
Coppersmith barbet Psilopogon haemacephalus
Blue-eared barbet Psilopogon duvaucelii
Fire-tufted barbet Psilopogon pyrolophus Accidental
Great barbet Psilopogon virens
Red-crowned barbet Psilopogon rafflesii Rare
Red-throated barbet Psilopogon mystacophanos
Yellow-crowned barbet Psilopogon henricii
Green-eared barbet Psilopogon faiostrictus
Lineated barbet Psilopogon lineatus
Golden-throated barbet Psilopogon franklinii
Gold-whiskered barbet Psilopogon chrysopogon
Moustached barbet Psilopogon incognitus
Blue-throated barbet Psilopogon asiaticus
Turquoise-throated barbet Psilopogon chersonesus

Honeyguides[edit]

Order: Piciformes   Family: Indicatoridae

Honeyguides are among the few birds that feed on wax. They are named for the greater honeyguide which leads traditional honey-hunters to bees' nests and, after the hunters have harvested the honey, feeds on the remaining contents of the hive.

Common name Binomial Status
Malaysian honeyguide Indicator archipelagicus Rare

Woodpeckers[edit]

Order: Piciformes   Family: Picidae

Woodpeckers are small to medium-sized birds with chisel-like beaks, short legs, stiff tails, and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks.

The fulvous-breasted woodpecker is an uncommon resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian wryneck Jynx torquilla Winter visitor
Speckled piculet Picumnus innominatus
Rufous piculet Sasia abnormis
White-browed piculet Sasia ochracea
Sunda woodpecker Dendrocopos moluccensis Accidental
Gray-capped woodpecker Dendrocopos canicapillus
Freckle-breasted woodpecker Dendrocopos analis
Stripe-breasted woodpecker Dendrocopos atratus
Yellow-crowned woodpecker Leiopicus mahrattensis Rare
Rufous-bellied woodpecker Dendrocopos hyperythrus
Crimson-breasted woodpecker Dendrocopos cathpharius
White-bellied woodpecker Dryocopus javensis
Banded woodpecker Picus miniaceus
Lesser yellownape Picus chlorolophus
Crimson-winged woodpecker Picus puniceus
Greater yellownape Chrysophlegma flavinucha
Checker-throated woodpecker Chrysophlegma mentalis
Streak-breasted woodpecker Picus viridanus
Laced woodpecker Picus vittatus
Streak-throated woodpecker Picus xanthopygaeus
Black-headed woodpecker Picus erythropygius
Gray-headed woodpecker Picus canus
Olive-backed woodpecker Dinopium rafflesii Rare
Common flameback Dinopium javanense
Pale-headed woodpecker Gecinulus grantia
Bamboo woodpecker Gecinulus viridis
Rufous woodpecker Micropternus brachyurus
Buff-rumped woodpecker Meiglyptes tristis
Black-and-buff woodpecker Meiglyptes jugularis
Buff-necked woodpecker Meiglyptes tukki
Greater flameback Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus
Maroon woodpecker Blythipicus rubiginosus
Bay woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis
Orange-backed woodpecker Chrysocolaptes validus
Gray-and-buff woodpecker Hemicircus concretus
Heart-spotted woodpecker Hemicircus canente
Great slaty woodpecker Mulleripicus pulverulentus

Falcons[edit]

Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their talons.

The Eurasian hobby is a rare winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
White-rumped falcon Polihierax insignis
Collared falconet Microhierax caerulescens
Black-thighed falconet Microhierax fringillarius
Eurasian kestrel Falco tinnunculus Winter visitor
Amur falcon Falco amurensis Very rare passage migrant
Merlin Falco columbarius Accidental
Eurasian hobby Falco subbuteo Rare winter visitor
Oriental hobby Falco severus
Peregrine falcon Falco peregrinus Mainly winter visitor

Old World parrots[edit]

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittaculidae

Characteristic features of parrots include a strong curved bill, an upright stance, strong legs, and clawed zygodactyl feet. Many parrots are vividly coloured, and some are multi-coloured. In size they range from 8 cm (3.1 in) to 1 m (3.3 ft) in length. Old World parrots are found from Africa east across south and southeast Asia and Oceania to Australia and New Zealand.

Common name Binomial Status
Blue-rumped parrot Psittinus cyanurus Rare, much reduced
Alexandrine parakeet Psittacula eupatria Rare, much reduced
Gray-headed parakeet Psittacula finschii
Blossom-headed parakeet Psittacula roseata
Red-breasted parakeet Psittacula alexandri
Vernal hanging-parrot Loriculus vernalis
Blue-crowned hanging-parrot Loriculus galgulus

African and green broadbills[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Calyptomenidae

The broadbills are small, brightly coloured birds, which feed on fruit and also take insects in flycatcher fashion, snapping their broad bills. Their habitat is canopies of wet forests.

Common name Binomial Status
Green broadbill Calyptomena viridis

Asian and Grauer's broadbills[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Eurylaimidae

The broadbills are small, brightly coloured birds, which feed on fruit and also take insects in flycatcher fashion, snapping their broad bills. Their habitat is canopies of wet forests.

The long-tailed broadbill is a fairly common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Black-and-red broadbill Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos
Long-tailed broadbill Psarisomus dalhousiae
Silver-breasted broadbill Serilophus lunatus
Banded broadbill Eurylaimus javanicus
Black-and-yellow broadbill Eurylaimus ochromalus
Dusky broadbill Corydon sumatranus

Pittas[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pittidae

Pittas are medium-sized stocky passerines with fairly long, strong legs, short tails, and stout bills. Many are brightly coloured. They spend the majority of their time on wet forest floors, eating snails, insects, and similar invertebrate prey.

The hooded pitta is an uncommon wet season migrant visitor of Thailand, and some winter in Southern Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Garnet pitta Erythropitta granatina Rare
Eared pitta Hydrornis phayrei
Rusty-naped pitta Hydrornis oatesi
Blue-naped pitta Hydrornis nipalensis
Blue-rumped pitta Hydrornis soror
Giant pitta Hydrornis caeruleus Rare
Malayan banded-pitta Hydrornis irena
Blue pitta Hydrornis cyaneus
Bar-bellied pitta Hydrornis elliotii Rare
Gurney's pitta Hydrornis gurneyi Rediscovered 1986, rare and endangered near endemic[7]
Blue-winged pitta Pitta moluccensis Summer visitor, passage migrant
Fairy pitta Pitta nympha Accidental
Hooded pitta Pitta sordida
Mangrove pitta Pitta megarhyncha

Thornbills and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acanthizidae

The Acanthizidae are small- to medium-sized birds with short rounded wings, slender bills, long legs, and a short tail. The golden-bellied gerygone is the only member of the family found in mainland Asia.

Common name Binomial Status
Golden-bellied gerygone Gerygone sulphurea

Vangas, helmetshrikes, and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Vangidae

The family Vangidae is highly variable, though most members of it resemble true shrikes to some degree.

Common name Binomial Status
Large woodshrike Tephrodornis virgatus
Common woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus
Bar-winged flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus
Black-winged flycatcher-shrike Hemipus hirundinaceus
Rufous-winged philentoma Philentoma pyrhoptera
Maroon-breasted philentoma Philentoma velata

Woodswallows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Artamidae

The woodswallows are soft-plumaged, somber-coloured passerine birds. They are smooth, agile flyers with moderately large, semi-triangular wings.

Common name Binomial Status
Ashy woodswallow Artamus fuscus
White-breasted woodswallow Artamus leucorynchus Accidental

Ioras[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Aegithinidae

The ioras are bulbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub, but whereas that group tends to be drab in colouration, ioras are sexually dimorphic, with the males being brightly plumaged in yellows and greens.

Common name Binomial Status
Common iora Aegithina tiphia
Green iora Aegithina viridissima
Great iora Aegithina lafresnayei

Cuckooshrikes and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Campephagidae

The cuckooshrikes are small to medium-sized passerine birds. They are predominantly greyish with white and black, although some minivet species are brightly coloured.

The small minivet is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Fiery minivet Pericrocotus igneus
Small minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus
Grey-chinned minivet Pericrocotus solaris
Short-billed minivet Pericrocotus brevirostris
Long-tailed minivet Pericrocotus ethologus
Scarlet minivet Pericrocotus speciosus
Ashy minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus Winter visitor
Brown-rumped minivet Pericrocotus cantonensis
Rosy minivet Pericrocotus roseus Winter visitor
Large cuckooshrike Coracina macei
Bar-bellied cuckooshrike Coracina striata Rare, much reduced
Javan cuckooshrike Coracina javensis Accidental
Pied triller Lalage nigra
Black-winged cuckooshrike Lalage melaschistos Resident and winter visitor
Lesser cuckooshrike Lalage fimbriata
Indochinese cuckooshrike Coracina polioptera

Whistlers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pachycephalidae

The family Pachycephalidae includes the whistlers, shrike-thrushes, shrike-tits, pitohuis, and crested bellbird.

Common name Binomial Status
Mangrove whistler Pachycephala cinerea

Shrikes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Laniidae

Shrikes are passerine birds known for the habit of some species of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns. A shrike's beak is hooked, like that of a typical bird of prey.

The tiger shrike is a passage migrant of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Tiger shrike Lanius tigrinus Fairly common passage migrant
Brown shrike Lanius cristatus Winter visitor
Burmese shrike Lanius collurioides Winter visitor
Bay-backed shrike Lanius vittatus Accidental
Long-tailed shrike Lanius schach Passage migrant
Gray-backed shrike Lanius tephronotus Winter visitor

Vireos, shrike-babblers, and erpornis[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Vireonidae

Most of the members of this family are found in the New World. However, the shrike-babblers and erpornis, which only slightly resemble the "true" vireos and greenlets, are found in South East Asia.

Common name Binomial Status
Blyth's shrike-babbler Pteruthius aeralatus
Black-eared shrike-babbler Pteruthius melanotis
Clicking shrike-babbler Pteruthius intermedius
White-bellied erpornis Erpornis zantholeuca

Old World orioles[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Oriolidae

The Old World orioles are colourful passerine birds which are not closely related to the New World orioles.

The black-naped oriole is a common winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Dark-throated oriole Oriolus xanthonotus
Black-naped oriole Oriolus chinensis Winter visitor
Slender-billed oriole Oriolus tenuirostris Winter visitor
Black-hooded oriole Oriolus xanthornus
Maroon oriole Oriolus traillii
Silver oriole Oriolus mellianus Rare winter visitor, endangered

Drongos[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Dicruridae

The drongos are mostly black or dark grey in colour, sometimes with metallic tints. They have long forked tails, and some Asian species have elaborate tail decorations. They have short legs and sit very upright when perched, like a shrike. They flycatch or take prey from the ground.

The bronzed drongo is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Black drongo Dicrurus macrocercus Resident and winter visitor
Ashy drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus Resident and winter visitor
Crow-billed drongo Dicrurus annectans Winter visitor and passage migrant
Bronzed drongo Dicrurus aeneus
Lesser racket-tailed drongo Dicrurus remifer
Hair-crested drongo Dicrurus hottentottus Resident and winter visitor
Greater racket-tailed drongo Dicrurus paradiseus

Fantails[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Rhipiduridae

The fantails are small insectivorous birds with longish, frequently fanned, tails.

The Malaysian pied-fantail is a very common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Spotted fantail Rhipidura perlata Rare
Malaysian pied-fantail Rhipidura javanica
White-throated fantail Rhipidura albicollis
White-browed fantail Rhipidura aureola

Monarch flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Monarchidae

The monarch flycatchers are small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines which hunt by gleaning, hovering or flycatching.

Common name Binomial Status
Black-naped monarch Hypothymis azurea
Japanese paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone atrocaudata Rare winter visitor, passage migrant
Amur paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone incei
Blyth's paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone affinis Resident and winter visitor

Crows, jays, and magpies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Corvidae

The family Corvidae includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size among the Passeriformes, and some of the larger species show high levels of intelligence.

The crested jay is an uncommon resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Crested jay Platylophus galericulatus
Black magpie Platysmurus leucopterus
Eurasian jay Garrulus glandarius
Red-billed blue-magpie Urocissa erythrorhyncha
Common green-magpie Cissa chinensis
Indochinese green-magpie Cissa hypoleuca
Rufous treepie Dendrocitta vagabunda
Gray treepie Dendrocitta formosae
Racket-tailed treepie Crypsirina temia
Ratchet-tailed treepie Temnurus temnurus Accidental
Eurasian magpie Pica pica Accidental
House crow Corvus splendens
Rook Corvus frugilegus Accidental
Large-billed crow Corvus macrorhynchos

Rail-babbler[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Eupetidae

The Malaysian rail-babbler is a rail-like passerine bird which inhabits the floor of primary forest in the Malay Peninsula and Sumatra. It is the only member of its family. The nominate subspecies E. m. macrocerus is found in Thailand.[8]

Common name Binomial Status
Malaysian rail-babbler Eupetes macrocerus

Larks[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Alaudidae

Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. Their food is insects and seeds.

Common name Binomial Status
Australasian bushlark Mirafra javanica
Indochinese bushlark Mirafra erythrocephala
Greater short-toed lark Calandrella brachydactyla
Sykes's short-toed lark Calandrella dukhunensis Accidental
Oriental skylark Alauda gulgula

Swallows and martins[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae

The family Hirundinidae is adapted to aerial feeding. They have a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings, and a short bill with a wide gape. The feet are adapted to perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base.

The Pacific swallow is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
White-eyed river martin Pseudochelidon sirintarae Endemic, critically endangered[9]
Gray-throated martin Riparia chinensis
Bank swallow Riparia riparia Winter visitor
Dusky crag-martin Ptyonoprogne concolor
Barn swallow Hirundo rustica Winter visitor
Wire-tailed swallow Hirundo smithii
Pacific swallow Hirundo tahitica
Red-rumped swallow Cecropis daurica Winter visitor, local breeder
Striated swallow Cecropis striolata
Rufous-bellied swallow Cecropis badia
Common house-martin Delichon urbicum Rare winter visitor
Asian house-martin Delichon dasypus Winter visitor
Nepal house-martin Delichon nipalensis One record

Fairy flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Stenostiridae

Most of the species of this small family are found in Africa, though a few inhabit tropical Asia. They are not closely related to other birds called "flycatchers".

Common name Binomial Status
Yellow-bellied fairy-fantail Chelidorhynx hypoxantha
Gray-headed canary-flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis

Tits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Paridae

The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. Some have crests. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects.

Japanese tit
Common name Binomial Status
Fire-capped tit Cephalopyrus flammiceps
Yellow-browed tit Sylviparus modestus
Sultan tit Melanochlora sultanea
Cinereous tit Parus cinereous
Japanese tit Parus minor
Yellow-cheeked tit Parus spilonotus

Long-tailed tits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed tits are a group of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They make woven bag nests in trees. Most eat a mixed diet which includes insects.

The black-throated tit is locally common in the northern mountains of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Black-throated tit Aegithalos concinnus

Nuthatches[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sittidae

Nuthatches are small woodland birds. They have the unusual ability to climb down trees head first, unlike other birds which can only go upwards. Nuthatches have big heads, short tails, and powerful bills and feet.

Nuthatches, such as the velvet-fronted nuthatch, have the unusual ability to climb down trees head first.
Common name Binomial Status
Chestnut-bellied nuthatch Sitta cinnamoventris
Burmese nuthatch Sitta neglecta
Chestnut-vented nuthatch Sitta nagaensis
Velvet-fronted nuthatch Sitta frontalis
Blue nuthatch Sitta azurea Accidental
Giant nuthatch Sitta magna Endangered
Beautiful nuthatch Sitta formosa

Wallcreeper[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Tichodromidae

The wallcreeper is the only member of its family. It inhabits the high mountains of Eurasia from southern Europe to central China.

Common name Binomial Status
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria Accidental

Treecreepers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Certhiidae

Treecreepers are small woodland birds, brown above and white below. They have thin pointed down-curved bills, which they use to extricate insects from bark. They have stiff tail feathers, like woodpeckers, which they use to support themselves on vertical trees.

Common name Binomial Status
Hume's treecreeper Certhia manipurensis

Dippers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cinclidae

Dippers are a group of perching birds whose habitat includes aquatic environments in the Americas, Europe and Asia. They are named for their bobbing or dipping movements.

Common name Binomial Status
Brown dipper Cinclus pallasii Rare non-breeding visitor

Bulbuls[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pycnonotidae

Bulbuls are medium-sized songbirds. Some are colourful with yellow, red, or orange vents, cheeks, throats, or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive-brown to black plumage. Some species have distinct crests.

The mountain bulbul is a common resident in the highlands of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Crested finchbill Spizixos canifrons
Black-and-white bulbul Pycnonotus melanoleucos Rare
Puff-backed bulbul Pycnonotus eutilotus
Black-headed bulbul Pycnonotus atriceps
Straw-headed bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus Rare, endangered
Striated bulbul Pycnonotus striatus
Black-crested bulbul Pycnonotus flaviventris
Scaly-breasted bulbul Pycnonotus squamatus
Gray-bellied bulbul Pycnonotus cyaniventris
Red-whiskered bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus
Brown-breasted bulbul Pycnonotus xanthorrhous
Light-vented bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis
Sooty-headed bulbul Pycnonotus aurigaster
Stripe-throated bulbul Pycnonotus finlaysoni
Flavescent bulbul Pycnonotus flavescens
Yellow-vented bulbul Pycnonotus goiavier
Olive-winged bulbul Pycnonotus plumosus
Streak-eared bulbul Pycnonotus conradi
Cream-vented bulbul Pycnonotus simplex
Red-eyed bulbul Pycnonotus brunneus
Spectacled bulbul Pycnonotus erythropthalmos
Finsch's bulbul Alophoixus finschii
White-throated bulbul Alophoixus flaveolus
Puff-throated bulbul Alophoixus pallidus
Ochraceous bulbul Alophoixus ochraceus
Gray-cheeked bulbul Alophoixus bres
Yellow-bellied bulbul Alophoixus phaeocephalus
Buff-vented bulbul Iole olivacea
Gray-eyed bulbul Iole propinqua
Olive bulbul Iole virescens
Black bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus Resident and winter visitor
White-headed bulbul Hypsipetes thompsoni
Hairy-backed bulbul Tricholestes criniger
Ashy bulbul Hemixos flavala
Mountain bulbul Ixos mcclellandii
Streaked bulbul Ixos malaccensis

Cupwings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pnoepygidae

The members of this small family are found in mountainous parts of South and South East Asia.

Common name Binomial Status
Pygmy cupwing Pnoepyga pusilla

Bush warblers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Scotocercidae

The members of this family are found throughout Africa, Asia, and Polynesia. Their taxonomy is in flux, and some authorities place some genera in other families.[10]

Common name Binomial Status
Pale-footed bush warbler Urosphena pallidipes
Asian stubtail Urosphena squameiceps Winter visitor
Gray-bellied tesia Tesia cyaniventer Very rare
Slaty-bellied tesia Tesia olivea
Chestnut-crowned bush warbler Cettia major Very rare winter visitor
Chestnut-headed tesia Cettia castaneocoronata
Yellow-bellied warbler Abroscopus superciliaris
Rufous-faced warbler Abroscopus albogularis Rare
Mountain tailorbird Phyllergetes cuculatus
Japanese bush warbler Horornis diphone Winter visitor
Manchurian bush warbler Horornis borealis Rare winter visitor
Sunda bush warbler Horornis vulcanius
Aberrant bush warbler Horornis flavolivacea Winter visitor

Leaf warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Phylloscopidae

Leaf warblers are a family of small insectivorous birds found mostly in Eurasia and ranging into Wallacea and Africa. The species are of various sizes, often green-plumaged above and yellow below, or more subdued with greyish-green to greyish-brown colours.

The greenish warbler is a fairly common winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Common chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita Accidental
Dusky warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus Winter visitor
Tickell's leaf warbler Phylloscopus affinis Winter visitor
Buff-throated warbler Phylloscopus subaffinis Winter visitor
Yellow-streaked warbler Phylloscopus armandii Winter visitor
Radde's warbler Phylloscopus schwarzi Winter visitor
Buff-barred warbler Phylloscopus pulcher Winter visitor
Ashy-throated warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis Winter visitor
Pallas's leaf warbler Phylloscopus proregulus Winter visitor
Sichuan leaf warbler Phylloscopus forresti
Chinese leaf warbler Phylloscopus yunnanensis Winter visitor
Yellow-browed warbler Phylloscopus inornatus Winter visitor
Hume's warbler Phylloscopus humei Winter visitor
Arctic warbler Phylloscopus borealis Winter and passage visitor
Kamchatka leaf warbler Phylloscopus examinandus
Japanese leaf warbler Phylloscopus xanthodryas Accidental
Greenish warbler Phylloscopus trochiloides Winter visitor
Two-barred warbler Phylloscopus plumbeitarsus Winter visitor
Pale-legged leaf warbler Phylloscopus tenellipes Winter visitor
Sakhalin leaf warbler Phylloscopus borealoides
Eastern crowned warbler Phylloscopus coronatus Winter and passage visitor
Blyth's leaf warbler Phylloscopus reguloides Winter visitor
Claudia's leaf warbler Phylloscopus claudiae Winter visitor
Hartert's leaf warbler Phylloscopus goodsoni Accidental
Davison's leaf warbler Phylloscopus davisoni
Kloss's leaf warbler Phylloscopus ogilviegranti
Yellow-vented warbler Phylloscopus cantator Rare winter visitor
Sulphur-breasted warbler Phylloscopus ricketti Winter visitor
Mountain leaf warbler Phylloscopus trivirgatus Accidental
Gray-crowned warbler Seicercus tephrocephalus Rare winter visitor
Plain-tailed warbler Seicercus soror Winter visitor
Martens's warbler Seicercus omeiensis Winter visitor
Whistler's warbler Seicercus whistleri
Bianchi's warbler Seicercus valentini Winter visitor
Gray-cheeked warbler Seicercus poliogenys
Chestnut-crowned warbler Seicercus castaniceps

Reed warblers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acrocephalidae

The members of this family are usually rather large for "warblers". Most are rather plain olivaceous brown above with much yellow to beige below. They are usually found in open woodland, reedbeds, or tall grass. The family occurs mostly in southern to western Eurasia and surroundings, but it also ranges far into the Pacific, with some species in Africa.

Common name Binomial Status
Thick-billed warbler Iduna aedon Winter visitor
Booted warbler Iduna caligata Accidental
Black-browed reed warbler Acrocephalus bistrigiceps Winter visitor
Paddyfield warbler Acrocephalus agricola Rare winter visitor
Blunt-winged warbler Acrocephalus concinens Winter visitor
Manchurian reed warbler Acrocephalus tangorum Winter visitor
Blyth's reed warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum Passage migrant
Large-billed reed warbler Acrocephalus orinus Rare, rediscovered 2006[11]
Oriental reed warbler Acrocephalus orientalis Winter visitor
Clamorous reed warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus Very rare winter visitor

Grassbirds and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Locustellidae

Locustellidae are a family of small insectivorous songbirds found mainly in Eurasia, Africa, and the Australian region. They are smallish birds with tails that are usually long and pointed, and tend to be drab brownish or buffy all over.

Common name Binomial Status
Striated grassbird Megalurus palustris
Pallas's grasshopper-warbler Locustella certhiola Winter visitor
Lanceolated warbler Locustella lanceolata Winter visitor
Brown bush warbler Locustella luteoventris Rare winter visitor
Chinese bush warbler Locustella tacsanowskia Very rare winter visitor
Baikal bush warbler Locustella davidi Winter visitor
Spotted bush warbler Locustella thoracica Accidental
Russet bush warbler Locustella mandelli

Cisticolas and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cisticolidae

The Cisticolidae are warblers found mainly in warmer southern regions of the Old World. They are generally very small birds of drab brown or grey appearance found in open country such as grassland or scrub.

The golden-headed cisticola is a common resident of the grasslands of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Zitting cisticola Cisticola juncidis
Golden-headed cisticola Cisticola exilis
Common tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius
Dark-necked tailorbird Orthotomus atrogularis
Ashy tailorbird Orthotomus ruficeps
Rufous-tailed tailorbird Orthotomus sericeus
Brown prinia Prinia polychroa
Hill prinia Prinia superciliaris
Rufescent prinia Prinia rufescens
Gray-breasted prinia Prinia hodgsonii
Yellow-bellied prinia Prinia flaviventris
Plain prinia Prinia inornata

Sylviid warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sylviidae

The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. They mainly occur as breeding species, as another common name (Old World warblers) implies, in Europe, Asia and, to a lesser extent, Africa. Most are of generally undistinguished appearance, but many have distinctive songs.

Common name Binomial Status
Lesser whitethroat Sylvia curruca Rare winter visitor

Parrotbills and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Paradoxornithidae

The parrotbills are native to East and Southeast Asia. They are generally small, long-tailed birds which inhabit reedbeds and similar habitat and which feed mainly on seeds

The yellow-eyed babbler is a very common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Yellow-eyed babbler Chrysomma sinense
Gray-headed parrotbill Psittiparus gularis
Rufous-headed parrotbill Psittiparus bakeri Accidental
Spot-breasted parrotbill Paradoxornis guttaticollis
Pale-billed parrotbill Chleuasicus atrosuperciliaris Rare
Black-throated parrotbill Suthola nipalensis
Short-tailed parrotbill Neosuthora davidiana Rare

White-eyes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Zosteropidae

The white-eyes are small birds of rather drab appearance, the plumage above being typically greenish-olive, but some species have a white or bright yellow throat, breast, or lower parts, and several have buff flanks. As the name suggests, many species have a white ring around each eyes.

The Japanese white-eye is a common winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Striated yuhina Yuhina castaniceps
Indochinese yuhina Yuhina torqueola
Whiskered yuhina Yuhina flavicollis
Burmese yuhina Yuhina humilis
Chestnut-flanked white-eye Zosterops erythropleurus Winter visitor
Oriental white-eye Zosterops palpebrosus
Japanese white-eye Zosterops japonicus Winter visitor
Everett's white-eye Zosterops everetti

Tree-babblers, scimitar-babblers, and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Timaliidae

The members of this family are somewhat diverse in size and colouration, but are characterised by soft fluffy plumage.

Common name Binomial Status
Chestnut-capped babbler Timalia pileata
Pin-striped tit-babbler Macronus gularis
Fluffy-backed tit-babbler Macronus ptilosus Rare, much reduced
Golden babbler Cyanoderma chrysaeum
Chestnut-winged babbler Cyanoderma erythropterum
Buff-chested babbler Cyanoderma ambiguum
Rufous-fronted babbler Cyanoderma rufifrons
Long-tailed wren-babbler Spelaeornis chocolatinus Accidental
Gray-bellied wren-babbler Spelaeornis reptatus
Red-billed scimitar-babbler Pomatorhinus ochraceiceps
Coral-billed scimitar-babbler Pomatorhinus ferruginosus Rare
White-browed scimitar-babbler Pomatorhinus schisticeps
Chestnut-backed scimitar-babbler Pomatorhinus montanus Accidental
Large scimitar-babbler Pomatorhinus hypoleucos
Rusty-cheeked scimitar-babbler Pomatorhinus erythrogenys
Black-throated babbler Stachyris nigricollis
Chestnut-rumped babbler Stachyris maculata
Gray-throated babbler Stachyris nigriceps
Gray-headed babbler Stachyris poliocephala
White-necked babbler Stachyris leucotis Rare
Spot-necked babbler Stachyris strialata

Ground babblers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pellorneidae

These small to medium-sized songbirds have soft fluffy plumage but are otherwise rather diverse. Members of the genus Illadopsis are found in forests, but some other genera are birds of scrublands.

Common name Binomial Status
Moustached babbler Malacopteron magnirostre
Sooty-capped babbler Malacopteron affine Rare
Scaly-crowned babbler Malacopteron cinereum
Rufous-crowned babbler Malacopteron magnum
Collared babbler Gampsorhynchus torquatus
Rufous-winged fulvetta Alcippe castaneceps
Rufous-throated fulvetta Alcippe rufogularis Rare
Rusty-capped fulvetta Alcippe dubius Accidental
Puff-throated babbler Pellorneum ruficeps
Black-capped babbler Pellorneum capistratum
Spot-throated babbler Pellorneum albiventre
Buff-breasted babbler Pellorneum tickelli
Short-tailed babbler Pellorneum malaccensis
White-chested babbler Pellorneum rostratum
Ferruginous babbler Pellorneum bicolor
Striped wren-babbler Kenopia striata Rare
Eyebrowed wren-babbler Napothera epilepidota
Abbott's babbler Turdinus abbotti
Horsfield's babbler Turdinus sepiarius
Large wren-babbler Turdinus macrodactylus
Limestone wren-babbler Turdinus crispifrons
Streaked wren-babbler Turdinus brevicaudatus
Chinese grassbird Graminicola striatus Extirpated

Laughingthrushes and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Leiothrichidae

The members of this family are diverse in size and colouration, though those of genus Turdoides tend to be brown or greyish. The family is found in Africa, India, and southeast Asia.

Common name Binomial Status
Brown fulvetta Alcippe brunneicauda
Brown-cheeked fulvetta Alcippe poioicephala
Yunnan fulvetta Alcippe fratercula
Mountain fulvetta Alcippe peracensis
Black-browed fulvetta Alcippe grotei
Himalayan cutia Cutia nipalensis Rare
White-crested laughingthrush Garrulax leucolophus
Lesser necklaced laughingthrush Garrulax monileger
Black laughingthrush Garrulax lugubris Rare in far south
Cambodian laughingthrush Garrulax ferrarius
White-necked laughingthrush Garrulax strepitans
Spot-breasted laughingthrush Garrulax merulinus Very rare
Greater necklaced laughingthrush Ianthocincla pectoralis
Black-throated laughingthrush Ianthocincla chinensis
Chestnut-capped laughingthrush Ianthocincla mitrata Rare in far south
White-browed laughingthrush Ianthocincla sannio
Silver-eared laughingthrush Trochalopteron melanostigma
Malayan laughingthrush Trochalopteron peninsulae
Red-tailed laughingthrush Trochalopteron milnei Rare
Black-backed sibia Heterophasia melanoleuca
Long-tailed sibia Heterophasia picaoides
Silver-eared mesia Leiothrix argentauris
Rufous-backed sibia Minla annectens
Scarlet-faced liocichla Liocichla ripponi
Spectacled barwing Actinodura ramsayi
Blue-winged minla Actinodura cyanouroptera
Chestnut-tailed minla Actinodura strigula

Fairy-bluebirds[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Irenidae

The fairy-bluebirds are bulbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub. The males are dark-blue and the females a duller green.

Common name Binomial Status
Asian fairy-bluebird Irena puella

Old World flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Muscicapidae

Old World flycatchers are a large group of small arboreal insectivores. The appearance of these birds is highly varied, but they mostly have weak songs and harsh calls.

The white-capped redstart is a resident of the northern mountains of Thailand.
The blue whistling-thrush is a common resident and winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Dark-sided flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica Winter visitor
Ferruginous flycatcher Muscicapa ferruginea Winter visitor and passage migrant
Asian brown flycatcher Muscicapa latirostris Resident and winter visitor
Brown-breasted flycatcher Muscicapa muttui Very rare
Brown-streaked flycatcher Muscicapa williamsoni Resident and passage visitor
Oriental magpie-robin Copsychus saularis
Rufous-tailed shama Copsychus pyrropygus Rare
White-rumped shama Copsychus malabaricus
White-gorgeted flycatcher Anthipes monileger
Rufous-browed flycatcher Anthipes solitaris
White-tailed flycatcher Cyornis concretus Rare
Hainan blue flycatcher Cyornis hainanus
Pale blue flycatcher Cyornis unicolor
Blue-throated flycatcher Cyornis rubeculoides Resident and winter visitor
Chinese blue flycatcher Cyornis glaucicomans
Large blue flycatcher Cyornis magnirostris Winter visitor
Hill blue flycatcher Cyornis banyumas
Malaysian blue flycatcher Cyornis turcosus
Tickell's blue flycatcher Cyornis tickelliae
Mangrove blue flycatcher Cyornis rufigastra
Brown-chested jungle flycatcher Cyornis brunneatus Rare on passage
Gray-chested jungle flycatcher Cyornis umbratilis Rare in far south
Fulvous-chested jungle flycatcher Cyornis olivaceus
Large niltava Niltava grandis
Small niltava Niltava macgrigoriae
Fujian niltava Niltava davidi Rare winter visitor
Rufous-bellied niltava Niltava sundara Winter visitor
Vivid niltava Niltava vivida Winter visitor
Blue-and-white flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana Passage migrant
Zappey's flycatcher Cyanoptila cumatilis Passage migrant
Verditer flycatcher Eumyias thalassinus Resident and winter visitor
Lesser shortwing Brachypteryx leucophrys
White-browed shortwing Brachypteryx montana
Rufous-tailed robin Larvivora sibilans Rare winter visitor
Japanese robin Larvivora akahige
Siberian blue robin Larvivora cyane Winter visitor
White-bellied redstart Luscinia phaenicuroides Resident and winter visitor
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica Winter visitor
Blue whistling-thrush Myophonus caeruleus Resident and winter visitor
White-crowned forktail Enicurus leschenaulti
Chestnut-naped forktail Enicurus ruficapillus
Black-backed forktail Enicurus immaculatus
Slaty-backed forktail Enicurus schistaceus
Firethroat Calliope pectardens Accidental
Black-throated blue robin Calliope obscura Accidental
Siberian rubythroat Calliope calliope Winter visitor
Chinese rubythroat Calliope tschebaiewi Accidental
White-tailed robin Myiomela leucura
Blue-fronted robin Cinclidium frontale Status uncertain
Red-flanked bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus Winter visitor
Himalayan bluetail Tarsiger rufilatus Winter visitor
Golden bush-robin Tarsiger chrysaeus Rare winter visitor
Korean flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia Passage migrant
Green-backed flycatcher Ficedula elisae winter visitor
Narcissus flycatcher Ficedula narcissina
Mugimaki flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki Winter visitor
Slaty-backed flycatcher Ficedula hodgsonii Winter visitor
Slaty-blue flycatcher Ficedula tricolor Winter visitor
Snowy-browed flycatcher Ficedula hyperythra
Pygmy flycatcher Ficedula hodgsoni Rare winter visitor
Rufous-gorgeted flycatcher Ficedula strophiata Winter visitor
Sapphire flycatcher Ficedula sapphira Winter visitor
Little pied flycatcher Ficedula westermanni
Ultramarine flycatcher Ficedula superciliaris Winter visitor
Taiga flycatcher Ficedula albicilla Winter visitor
Rufous-chested flycatcher Ficedula dumetoria
Blue-fronted redstart Phoenicurus frontalis Rare winter visitor
Plumbeous redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus Resident and winter visitor
White-capped redstart Phoenicurus leucocephalus Mainly winter visitor
Black redstart Phoenicurus ochruros Accidental
Daurian redstart Phoenicurus auroreus Winter visitor
Chestnut-bellied rock-thrush Monticola rufiventris Winter visitor, resident on highest peaks
White-throated rock-thrush Monticola gularis Winter visitor
Blue rock-thrush Monticola solitarius Resident (ssp madoci) in far south and winter visitor
Siberian stonechat Saxicola maurus Resident and winter visitor
Pied bushchat Saxicola caprata
Jerdon's bushchat Saxicola jerdoni Rare
Gray bushchat Saxicola ferreus Resident and winter visitor
Isabelline wheatear Oenanthe isabellina Accidental

Thrushes and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Turdidae

The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs.

Common name Binomial Status
Siberian thrush Geokichla sibirica Winter visitor
Chestnut-capped thrush Geokichla interpres Rare
Orange-headed thrush Geokichla citrina Winter visitor
Long-tailed thrush Zoothera dixoni Winter visitor
Dark-sided thrush Zoothera marginata
White's thrush Zoothera aurea
Scaly thrush Zoothera dauma Winter visitor, resident in mountains
Black-breasted thrush Turdus dissimilis Rare winter visitor
Japanese thrush Turdus cardis Accidental
Gray-winged blackbird Turdus boulboul Rare winter visitor
Chinese blackbird Turdus mandarinus
Chestnut thrush Turdus rubrocanus Rare winter visitor
Gray-sided thrush Turdus feae Rare winter visitor
Eyebrowed thrush Turdus obscurus Winter visitor
Black-throated thrush Turdus atrogularis Very rare winter visitor
Red-throated thrush Turdus ruficollis Very rare winter visitor
Dusky thrush Turdus eunomus Irruptive in winter
Naumann's thrush Turdus naumanni Accidental
Purple cochoa Cochoa purpurea Rare
Green cochoa Cochoa viridis

Starlings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sturnidae

Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Their flight is strong and direct and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. They eat insects and fruit. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen.

Common name Binomial Status
Asian glossy starling Aplonis panayensis
Golden-crested myna Ampeliceps coronatus
Common hill myna Gracula religiosa
European starling Sturnus vulgaris Rare winter visitor
Rosy starling Pastor roseus Very rare winter visitor
Daurian starling Agropsar sturninus Resident and passage visitor
Chestnut-cheeked starling Agropsar philippensis Accidental
Black-collared starling Gracupica nigricollis
Asian pied starling Gracupica contra
White-shouldered starling Sturnia sinensis Winter visitor
Brahminy starling Sturnia pagodarum Accidental
Chestnut-tailed starling Sturnia malabarica Resident and winter visitor
Red-billed starling Spodiopsar sericeus Accidental
White-cheeked starling Spodiopsar cineraceus Accidental
Common myna Acridotheres tristis Range expansion through introductions[6]
Vinous-breasted starling Acridotheres burmannicus
Jungle myna Acridotheres fuscus
Javan myna Acridotheres javanicus Introduced
Great myna Acridotheres grandis
Crested myna Acridotheres cristatellus
Spot-winged starling Saroglossa spiloptera Rare winter visitor

Leafbirds[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Chloropseidae

The leafbirds are small, bulbul-like birds. The males are brightly plumaged, usually in greens and yellows.

The orange-bellied leafbird is a fairly common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Greater green leafbird Chloropsis sonnerati
Lesser green leafbird Chloropsis cyanopogon
Blue-winged leafbird Chloropsis cochinchinensis
Golden-fronted leafbird Chloropsis aurifrons
Orange-bellied leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii

Flowerpeckers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Dicaeidae

The flowerpeckers are very small, stout, often brightly coloured birds, with short tails, short thick curved bills, and tubular tongues.

The scarlet-backed flowerpecker is a rare resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Yellow-breasted flowerpecker Prionochilus maculatus
Crimson-breasted flowerpecker Prionochilus percussus
Scarlet-breasted flowerpecker Prionochilus thoracicus
Thick-billed flowerpecker Dicaeum agile
Yellow-vented flowerpecker Dicaeum chrysorrheum
Yellow-bellied flowerpecker Dicaeum melanoxanthum Uncommon, may breed
Orange-bellied flowerpecker Dicaeum trigonostigma
Plain flowerpecker Dicaeum minullum
Fire-breasted flowerpecker Dicaeum ignipectus
Scarlet-backed flowerpecker Dicaeum cruentatum Rare resident in far south

Sunbirds and spiderhunters[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Nectariniidae

The sunbirds and spiderhunters are very small passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. Their flight is fast and direct on short wings. Most species can take nectar by hovering like a hummingbird, but usually perch to feed.

The plain-throated sunbird is fairly common in Southern Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Ruby-cheeked sunbird Chalcoparia singalensis
Plain sunbird Anthreptes simplex
Plain-throated sunbird Anthreptes malacensis
Red-throated sunbird Anthreptes rhodolaemus Rare
Van Hasselt's sunbird Leptocoma brasiliana
Copper-throated sunbird Leptocoma calcostetha
Purple sunbird Cinnyris asiaticus
Olive-backed sunbird Cinnyris jugularis
Fire-tailed sunbird Aethopyga ignicauda
Black-throated sunbird Aethopyga saturata
Gould's sunbird Aethopyga gouldiae Winter visitor
Green-tailed sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis Resident in mountains
Temminck's sunbird Aethopyga temminckii Rare
Crimson sunbird Aethopyga siparaja
Thick-billed spiderhunter Arachnothera crassirostris
Long-billed spiderhunter Arachnothera robusta Rare
Little spiderhunter Arachnothera longirostra
Purple-naped sunbird Arachnothera hypogrammicum
Yellow-eared spiderhunter Arachnothera chrysogenys
Spectacled spiderhunter Arachnothera flavigaster
Streaked spiderhunter Arachnothera magna
Gray-breasted spiderhunter Arachnothera modesta

Wagtails and pipits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae

Motacillidae is a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails and comprises the wagtails, longclaws, and pipits. These are slender ground-feeding insectivores of open country.

Of the three white wagtail subspecies that winter in Thailand, M. a. leucopsis is most common.[4]
Common name Binomial Status
Forest wagtail Dendronanthus indicus Winter visitor
Western yellow wagtail Motacilla flava Winter visitor
Eastern yellow wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis
Citrine wagtail Motacilla citreola Winter visitor
Gray wagtail Motacilla cinerea Winter visitor
White wagtail Motacilla alba Winter visitor
Mekong wagtail Motacilla samveasnae
Richard's pipit Anthus richardi Winter visitor
Paddyfield pipit Anthus rufulus
Blyth's pipit Anthus godlewskii Accidental
Rosy pipit Anthus roseatus Localised winter visitor
Olive-backed pipit Anthus hodgsoni Winter visitor
Red-throated pipit Anthus cervinus Winter visitor
American pipit Anthus rubescens Accidental

Spotted elachura[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Elachuridae

This species, the only one in its family, inhabits forest undergrowth throughout South East Asia.

Common name Binomial Status
Spotted elachura Elachura formosa

Old World buntings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae

The emberizids are a large family of seed-eating birds with distinctively shaped bills. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns.

The little bunting is a common winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Crested bunting Melophus lathami Winter visitor
Pine bunting Emberiza leucocephalos Accidental
Tristram's bunting Emberiza tristrami Accidental
Chestnut-eared bunting Emberiza fucata Winter visitor
Little bunting Emberiza pusilla Winter visitor
Yellow-breasted bunting Emberiza aureola Winter visitor, critically endangered
Chestnut bunting Emberiza rutila Winter visitor
Black-headed bunting Emberiza melanocephala Accidental
Red-headed bunting Emberiza bruniceps Accidental
Black-faced bunting Emberiza spodocephala Rare winter visitor

Finches[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae

Finches are small to moderately large seed-eating passerine birds with a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have 12 tail feathers and nine primary flight feathers. Finches have a bouncing flight, alternating bouts of flapping with gliding on closed wings, and most sing well.

The common rosefinch is a common winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Common chaffinch Fringilla coelebs Accidental
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla Accidental
Collared grosbeak Mycerobas affinis Accidental
Spot-winged grosbeak Mycerobas melanozanthos
Yellow-billed grosbeak Eophona migratoria Accidental
Common rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus Winter visitor
Scarlet finch Carpodacus sipahi
Pink-rumped rosefinch Carpodacus waltoni Accidental
Dark-breasted rosefinch Carpodacus nipalensis Winter visitor
Black-headed greenfinch Chloris ambigua Rare winter visitor

Old World sparrows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae

Sparrows are small passerine birds, typically small, plump, brown or grey with short tails and short powerful beaks. They are seed-eaters, but also consume small insects.

The russet sparrow is rarely found in Thailand in winter.
Common name Binomial Status
House sparrow Passer domesticus Recent colonist[2]
Russet sparrow Passer rutilans Rare winter visitor
Plain-backed sparrow Passer flaveolus
Eurasian tree sparrow Passer montanus

Weavers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Ploceidae

The weavers are small passerine birds related to the finches. They are seed-eating birds with rounded conical bills. The males of many species are brightly coloured, usually in red or yellow and black, but some species show variation in colour only in the breeding season.

Common name Binomial Status
Streaked weaver Ploceus manyar
Baya weaver Ploceus philippinus
Asian golden weaver Ploceus hypoxanthus

Waxbills and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Estrildidae

The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. They are gregarious and often colonial seed eaters with short thick but pointed bills. They are all similar in structure and habits, but have wide variation in plumage colours and patterns.

The red avadavat is an uncommon resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Red avadavat Amandava amandava
Pin-tailed parrotfinch Erythrura prasina
White-rumped munia Lonchura striata
Scaly-breasted munia Lonchura punctulata
White-bellied munia Lonchura leucogastra
Chestnut munia Lonchura atricapilla
White-headed munia Lonchura maja
Java sparrow Lonchura oryzivora Introduced[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lepage, Denis (18 February 2018). "Checklist of birds of Thailand". Bird Checklists of the World. Avibase. Retrieved 19 April 2018. 
  2. ^ a b c d Lekagul, Boonsong; Round, Philip (1991). A Guide to the Birds of Thailand. Bangkok: Saha Karn Bhaet. pp. 7–19. ISBN 974-85673-6-2. 
  3. ^ Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/ Retrieved 18 August 2017
  4. ^ a b c Robson, Craig (2004). A Field Guide to the Birds of Thailand. New Holland. ISBN 1-84330-921-1. 
  5. ^ "Spoon-billed Sandpiper Eurynorhynchus pygmeus". Species factsheet. BirdLife International. Retrieved 2008-03-06. 
  6. ^ a b c Yap, Charlotte A. M.; Sodhi, Navjot S. (2004). "Southeast Asian invasive birds: ecology, impact and Management" (PDF). Ornithological Science. 3 (1): 57–67. doi:10.2326/osj.3.57. 
  7. ^ "Gurney's Pitta - BirdLife Species Factsheet". BirdLife International. Retrieved 2008-05-14. 
  8. ^ Jønsson, K.A., J. Fjeldså, P.G.P. Ericson, and M. Irestedt (2007) "Systematic placement of an enigmatic Southeast Asian taxon Eupetes macrocerus and implications for the biogeography of a main songbird radiation, the Passerida" Biology Letters 3(3): 323–326
  9. ^ Humphrey, Stephen R.; Bain, James R. (1990). Endangered Animals of Thailand. CRC Press. pp. 228–9. ISBN 1-877743-07-0. 
  10. ^ Gill, F. and D. Donsker (Eds). 2017. IOC World Bird List (v 7.3). Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.7.3. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/ retrieved 21 August 2017
  11. ^ Round, Philip D.; Hansson, Bengt; Pearson, David J; Kennerley, Peter R.; Bensch, Staffan (2007). "Lost and found: the enigmatic large-billed reed warbler Acrocephalus orinus rediscovered after 139 years". Journal of Avian Biology (Abstract). 38 (2): 133. doi:10.1111/j.2007.0908-8857.04064x. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]