List of birds of Thailand

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Siamese fireback is the national bird of Thailand.

The birds of Thailand included 1098 species as of 2022. Of them, 7 have been introduced by humans, and eight have been extirpated.[1]

The birds of Thailand are mainly typical of the Indomalayan realm, with affinities to the Indian subcontinent to the west, and, particularly in Southern Thailand, with the Sundaic fauna to the southeast. The northern mountains are outliers of the Tibetan Plateau, with many species of montane birds, and in winter the avifauna is augmented by migrants from the eastern Palearctic and Himalayas. That Thailand's habitats are contiguous with those of neighbouring countries explains the low number of endemic species.

In 1991, it was estimated that 159 resident and 23 migratory species were endangered or vulnerable due to forest clearance, illegal logging, hunting and habitat degradation, especially in the lowlands. The species most affected are large water birds whose wetland habitat has been largely lost to agriculture, and forest species, as deforestation for agriculture and logging have removed and degraded portions of the woodlands.[2]

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (English and scientific names) are those of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 2022 edition.[3] The designations as accidental, introduced, and extirpated, and the notes of worldwide population status such as "critically endangered", are from Bird Checklists of the World. The notes of status in Thailand, such as "winter visitor", are from Lekagul and Round (1991). Species with no indicated status are resident or partially resident non-rarities.[2][4]

Ducks, geese, and waterfowl[edit]

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anatidae

Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These birds are adapted to an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating.

A male cotton pygmy-goose
Common name Binomial Status
Fulvous whistling-duck Dendrocygna bicolor Accidental
Lesser whistling-duck Dendrocygna javanica
Bar-headed goose Anser indicus Very rare winter visitor
Graylag goose Anser anser Accidental
Swan goose Anser cygnoides Accidental
Greater white-fronted goose Anser albifrons Accidental
Lesser white-fronted goose Anser erythropus Accidental
Knob-billed duck Sarkidiornis melanotos Rare resident
Ruddy shelduck Tadorna ferruginea Rare winter visitor
Common shelduck Tadorna tadorna Very rare winter visitor
Cotton pygmy-goose Nettapus coromandelianus
Mandarin duck Aix galericulata Accidental
Baikal teal Sibirionetta formosa Accidental
Garganey Spatula querquedula Winter visitor
Northern shoveler Spatula clypeata Winter visitor
Gadwall Mareca strepera Very rare winter visitor
Falcated duck Mareca falcata Accidental
Eurasian wigeon Mareca penelope Winter visitor
Indian spot-billed duck Anas poecilorhyncha Rare winter visitor
Eastern spot-billed duck Anas zonorhyncha Rare winter visitor
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Northern pintail Anas acuta Winter visitor
Green-winged teal Anas crecca Winter visitor
White-winged duck Asarcornis scutulata Very rare resident, endangered
Red-crested pochard Netta rufina Very rare winter visitor
Common pochard Aythya ferina Very rare winter visitor
Ferruginous duck Aythya nyroca Rare winter visitor
Baer's pochard Aythya baeri Rare winter visitor, critically endangered
Tufted duck Aythya fuligula Rare winter visitor
Greater scaup Aythya marila Accidental
Long-tailed duck Clangula hyemalis Accidental
Red-breasted merganser Mergus serrator Accidental
Scaly-sided merganser Mergus squamatus Accidental, endangered

Pheasants, grouse, and allies[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Phasianidae

The Phasianidae are a family of terrestrial birds which consists of quails, partridges, snowcocks, francolins, spurfowls, tragopans, monals, pheasants, peafowls, and jungle fowls. In general, they are plump (although they vary in size) and have broad, relatively short wings.

The Malayan peacock-pheasant is vulnerable to extinction due to deforestation.
Common name Binomial Status
Ferruginous partridge Caloperdix oculeus
Crested partridge Rollulus rouloul
Rufous-throated partridge Arborophila rufogularis
Chestnut-headed partridge Arborophila cambodiana
Bar-backed partridge Arborophila brunneopectus
Malayan partridge Arborophila campbelli
Long-billed partridge Rhizothera longirostris
Hume's pheasant Syrmaticus humiae Rare
Kalij pheasant Lophura leucomelanos
Silver pheasant Lophura nycthemera
Siamese fireback Lophura diardi
Malayan crested fireback Lophura rufa Rare
Great argus Argusianus argus
Green peafowl Pavo muticus Endangered
Scaly-breasted partridge Tropicoperdix chloropus
Chestnut-necklaced partridge Tropicoperdix charltonii
Malayan peacock-pheasant Polyplectron malacense
Gray peacock-pheasant Polyplectron bicalcaratum
Mountain peacock-pheasant Polyplectron inopinatum Accidental
Mountain bamboo-partridge Bambusicola fytchii
Red junglefowl Gallus gallus
Chinese francolin Francolinus pintadeanus
Blue-breasted quail Synoicus chinesis
Common quail Coturnix coturnix
Japanese quail Coturnix japonica Very rare winter visitor
Rain quail Coturnix coromandelica


Order: Phoenicopteriformes   Family: Phoenicopteridae

Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet (0.9 to 1.5 m) tall, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Their oddly shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume and, uniquely, are used upside-down.

Common name Binomial Status
Greater flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus Accidental


Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae

Grebes are small to medium-large freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes and are excellent swimmers and divers. Their feet are placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land.

A little grebe in non-breeding plumage
Name Binomial Status
Little grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Horned grebe Podiceps auritus Accidental
Great crested grebe Podiceps cristatus Very rare winter visitor
Eared grebe Podiceps nigricollis Accidental

Pigeons and doves[edit]

Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere.

The pied imperial-pigeon is locally common in coastal forests of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Rock pigeon Columba livia Due to hybridisation with feral pigeons, few if any pure-bred birds remain in Thailand[4]
Speckled wood-pigeon Columba hodgsonii
Ashy wood-pigeon Columba pulchricollis
Pale-capped pigeon Columba punicea Rare, uncertain status
Oriental turtle-dove Streptopelia orientalis
Red collared-dove Streptopelia tranquebarica
Spotted dove Streptopelia chinensis
Barred cuckoo-dove Macropygia unchall
Little cuckoo-dove Macropygia ruficeps
Asian emerald dove Chalcophaps indica
Zebra dove Geopelia striata Native in south, introduced to central Thailand[5]
Nicobar pigeon Caloenas nicobarica Rare
Little green-pigeon Treron olax Rare
Pink-necked green-pigeon Treron vernans
Cinnamon-headed green-pigeon Treron fulvicollis
Orange-breasted green-pigeon Treron bicinctus
Ashy-headed green-pigeon Treron phayrei
Thick-billed green-pigeon Treron curvirostra
Large green-pigeon Treron capellei Rare
Yellow-footed green-pigeon Treron phoenicopterus
Yellow-vented green-pigeon Treron seimundi Very rare
Pin-tailed green-pigeon Treron apicauda
Wedge-tailed green-pigeon Treron sphenurus
White-bellied green-pigeon Treron sieboldii Very rare
Jambu fruit-dove Ptilinopus jambu
Green imperial-pigeon Ducula aenea
Mountain imperial-pigeon Ducula badia
Pied imperial-pigeon Ducula bicolor


Order: Cuculiformes   Family: Cuculidae

The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners, and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails, and strong legs. Many Old World cuckoo species are brood parasites.

Common name Binomial Status
Coral-billed ground-cuckoo Carpococcyx renauldi
Short-toed coucal Centropus rectunguis Accidental
Greater coucal Centropus sinensis
Lesser coucal Centropus bengalensis
Raffles's malkoha Rhinortha chlorophaea
Red-billed malkoha Zanclostomus javanicus
Chestnut-breasted malkoha Phaenicophaeus curvirostris
Chestnut-bellied malkoha Phaenicophaeus sumatranus
Black-bellied malkoha Phaenicophaeus diardi
Green-billed malkoha Phaenicophaeus tristis
Chestnut-winged cuckoo Clamator coromandus Summer visitor and on passage
Pied cuckoo Clamator jacobinus
Asian koel Eudynamys scolopaceus
Asian emerald cuckoo Chrysococcyx maculatus Resident and winter visitor
Violet cuckoo Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
Little bronze-cuckoo Chrysococcyx minutillus
Banded bay cuckoo Cacomantis sonneratii
Plaintive cuckoo Cacomantis merulinus
Brush cuckoo Cacomantis variolosus
Fork-tailed drongo-cuckoo Surniculus dicruroides
Square-tailed drongo-cuckoo Surniculus lugubris
Moustached hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx vagans
Large hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides
Dark hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx bocki
Common hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx varius Accidental
Northern hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx hyperythrus Accidental
Hodgson's hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx nisicolor
Malaysian hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx fugax
Lesser cuckoo Cuculus poliocephalus Very rare
Indian cuckoo Cuculus micropterus
Himalayan cuckoo Cuculus saturatus
Sunda cuckoo Cuculus lepidus
Common cuckoo Cuculus canorus
Oriental cuckoo Cuculus optatus Accidental


Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Podargidae

The frogmouths are a group of nocturnal birds related to the nightjars. They are named for their large flattened hooked bill and huge frog-like gape, which they use to take insects.

Common name Binomial Status
Large frogmouth Batrachostomus auritus Very rare
Gould's frogmouth Batrachostomus stellatus Rare
Hodgson's frogmouth Batrachostomus hodgsoni
Blyth's frogmouth Batrachostomus affinis

Nightjars and allies[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Caprimulgidae

Nightjars are medium-sized ground-nesting nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs, and very short bills. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves.

The large-tailed nightjar is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Malaysian eared-nightjar Lyncornis temminckii
Great eared-nightjar Lyncornis macrotis
Gray nightjar Caprimulgus jotaka Winter visitor, breeds in mountains
Large-tailed nightjar Caprimulgus macrurus
Indian nightjar Caprimulgus asiaticus
Savanna nightjar Caprimulgus affinis


Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Apodidae

Swifts are small birds which spend the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang.

The house swift is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Silver-rumped needletail Rhaphidura leucopygialis
White-throated needletail Hirundapus caudacutus Rare migrant
Silver-backed needletail Hirundapus cochinchinensis Uncertain status
Brown-backed needletail Hirundapus giganteus
Plume-toed swiftlet Collocalia affinis Rare
Himalayan swiftlet Aerodramus brevirostris Breeds in highlands, winter visitor elsewhere
Black-nest swiftlet Aerodramus maximus
White-nest swiftlet Aerodramus fuciphagus
Germain's swiftlet Aerodramus germani
Common swift Apus apus Accidental
Pacific swift Apus pacificus Winter visitor, some breed
Cook's swift Apus cooki
Dark-rumped swift Apus acuticauda Very rare winter visitor
House swift Apus nipalensis
Asian palm-swift Cypsiurus balasiensis


Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Hemiprocnidae

The treeswifts, also called crested swifts, are closely related to the true swifts. They differ from the true swifts in that they have crests, long forked tails, and soft plumage.

Common name Binomial Status
Crested treeswift Hemiprocne coronata
Gray-rumped treeswift Hemiprocne longipennis
Whiskered treeswift Hemiprocne comata

Rails, gallinules, and coots[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Rallidae

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, making them difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs and long toes which are well adapted to soft uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and appear to be weak fliers.

The white-breasted waterhen is a very common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Brown-cheeked rail Rallus indicus Winter visitor
Slaty-breasted rail Lewinia striata
Spotted crake Porzana porzana Very rare winter visitor
Eurasian moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Eurasian coot Fulica atra Winter visitor
Gray-headed swamphen Porphyrio poliocephalus
Watercock Gallicrex cinerea Summer visitor and resident
White-breasted waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
White-browed crake Poliolimnas cinereus
Red-legged crake Rallina fasciata
Slaty-legged crake Rallina eurizonoides Rare, mainly winter visitor
Ruddy-breasted crake Zapornia fusca
Band-bellied crake Zapornia paykullii Accidental
Baillon's crake Zapornia pusilla Winter visitor
Black-tailed crake Zapornia bicolor Rare


Order: Gruiformes   Family: Heliornithidae

Heliornithidae is small family of tropical birds with webbed lobes on their feet similar to those of grebes and coots.

Common name Binomial Status
Masked finfoot Heliopais personatus Winter visitor and passage migrant, endangered


Order: Gruiformes   Family: Gruidae

Cranes are large, long-legged, and long-necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances".

Common name Binomial Status
Demoiselle crane Anthropoides virgo Accidental
Sarus crane Antigone antigone Extirpated; reintroduced in 2011[6]
Common crane Grus grus


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Burhinidae

The thick-knees are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow-black bills, large yellow eyes, and cryptic plumage. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats.

Common name Binomial Status
Indian thick-knee Burhinus indicus
Great thick-knee Esacus recurvirostris
Beach thick-knee Esacus magnirostris Rare and local

Stilts and avocets[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae

The black-winged stilt is common in wetlands.

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds which includes the avocets and stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills.

Common name Binomial Status
Black-winged stilt Himantopus himantopus Resident and winter visitor
Pied avocet Recurvirostra avosetta Accidental


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Haematopodidae

The oystercatchers are large and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prising open molluscs.

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus Accidental

Plovers and lapwings[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short thick necks, and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water.

The black-bellied plover is a common winter visitor to Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Black-bellied plover Pluvialis squatarola Winter visitor
Pacific golden-plover Pluvialis fulva Winter visitor
Northern lapwing Vanellus vanellus Rare winter visitor
River lapwing Vanellus duvaucelii
Gray-headed lapwing Vanellus cinereus Winter visitor
Red-wattled lapwing Vanellus indicus
Lesser sand-plover Charadrius mongolus Winter visitor
Greater sand-plover Charadrius leschenaultii Winter visitor
Malaysian plover Charadrius peronii
Kentish plover Charadrius alexandrinus Winter visitor
White-faced plover Charadrius dealbatus Winter visitor
Common ringed plover Charadrius hiaticula Accidental
Long-billed plover Charadrius placidus Rare winter visitor
Little ringed plover Charadrius dubius Winter visitor
Oriental plover Charadrius veredus


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Rostratulidae

Painted-snipes are short-legged, long-billed birds similar in shape to the true snipes, but more brightly coloured.

The greater painted-snipe is one of the few bird species in which the female (pictured) is brighter than the male.[2]
Common name Binomial Status
Greater painted-snipe Rostratula benghalensis


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Jacanidae

The jacanas are a group of waders found throughout the tropics. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat.

Common name Binomial Status
Pheasant-tailed jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus Winter visitor and resident
Bronze-winged jacana Metopidius indicus

Sandpipers and allies[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae

Scolopacidae is a large diverse family of small to medium-sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers, and phalaropes. The majority of these species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enables multiple species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food.

The red-necked stint is a very common winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus Winter visitor
Little curlew Numenius minutus Very rare passage migrant
Far Eastern curlew Numenius madagascariensis Rare passage migrant, endangered
Eurasian curlew Numenius arquata Winter visitor
Bar-tailed godwit Limosa lapponica Winter visitor
Black-tailed godwit Limosa limosa Winter visitor
Ruddy turnstone Arenaria interpres Winter visitor
Great knot Calidris tenuirostris Mainly passage migrant, endangered
Red knot Calidris canutus Winter visitor
Ruff Calidris pugnax Winter and passage visitor
Broad-billed sandpiper Calidris falcinellus Winter visitor
Sharp-tailed sandpiper Calidris acuminata Very rare winter visitor
Curlew sandpiper Calidris ferruginea Winter visitor
Temminck's stint Calidris temminckii Winter visitor
Long-toed stint Calidris subminuta Winter visitor
Spoon-billed sandpiper Calidris pygmaea Rare on passage and in winter, critically endangered[7]
Red-necked stint Calidris ruficollis Common winter visitor
Sanderling Calidris alba Winter visitor
Dunlin Calidris alpina Rare winter visitor
Little stint Calidris minuta Rare in winter
Pectoral sandpiper Calidris melanotos Accidental
Asian dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus Rare on passage
Long-billed dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus Accidental
Jack snipe Lymnocryptes minimus Rare winter visitor
Eurasian woodcock Scolopax rusticola Winter visitor
Wood snipe Gallinago nemoricola Very rare winter visitor
Common snipe Gallinago gallinago Winter visitor
Pin-tailed snipe Gallinago stenura Winter visitor
Swinhoe's snipe Gallinago megala Very rare winter visitor
Terek sandpiper Xenus cinereus Winter visitor
Red-necked phalarope Phalaropus lobatus Rare in winter or on passage
Red phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius Rare in winter or on passage
Common sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos Winter visitor
Green sandpiper Tringa ochropus Winter visitor
Gray-tailed tattler Tringa brevipes Rare on passage
Spotted redshank Tringa erythropus Winter visitor
Common greenshank Tringa nebularia Winter visitor
Nordmann's greenshank Tringa guttifer Rare winter visitor, endangered
Marsh sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis Winter visitor
Wood sandpiper Tringa glareola Winter visitor
Common redshank Tringa totanus Winter visitor


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Turnicidae

The buttonquail are small, drab, running birds which resemble the true quails. The female is the brighter of the sexes and initiates courtship. The male incubates the eggs and tends the young.

The barred buttonquail is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Small buttonquail Turnix sylvaticus
Yellow-legged buttonquail Turnix tanki
Barred buttonquail Turnix suscitator


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Dromadidae

The crab-plover is related to the waders, but is the only member of its family. It resembles a plover but has very long grey legs and a strong black bill similar to that of a tern. It has black-and-white plumage, a long neck, partially webbed feet, and a bill designed for eating crabs.

Common name Binomial Status
Crab-plover Dromas ardeola Rare but annual in winter

Pratincoles and coursers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Glareolidae

Glareolidae is a family of wading birds comprising the pratincoles, which have short legs, long pointed wings, and long forked tails, and the coursers, which have long legs, short wings, and long, pointed bills which curve downwards.

The small pratincole is a wader that hunts insects in flight.
Common name Binomial Status
Collared pratincole Glareola pratincola Accidental
Oriental pratincole Glareola maldivarum Summer visitor
Small pratincole Glareola lactea Resident and winter visitor

Skuas and jaegers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae

The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants.

Common name Binomial Status
Pomarine jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus Winter visitor
Parasitic jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus Rare winter visitor
Long-tailed jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus

Gulls, terns, and skimmers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Laridae

Laridae is a family of medium to large seabirds, the gulls, terns, and skimmers. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. Terns are a group of generally medium to large seabirds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species known to live in excess of 30 years. Skimmers are a small family of tropical tern-like birds. They have an elongated lower mandible which they use to feed by flying low over the water surface and skimming the water for small fish.

Heuglin's gull is an uncommon winter visitor of Thailand.
The whiskered tern is a very common winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Black-legged kittiwake Rissa tridactyla Accidental
Sabine's gull Xema sabini Accidental
Slender-billed gull Chroicocephalus genei Very rare winter visitor
Black-headed gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus Winter visitor
Brown-headed gull Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus Rare winter visitor
Little gull Hydrocoloeus minutus Accidental
Sooty gull Ichthyaetus hemprichii Accidental
Pallas's gull Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus Very rare winter visitor
Black-tailed gull Larus crassirostris Very rare winter visitor
Common gull Larus canus
Herring gull Larus argentatus
Caspian gull Larus cachinnans Accidental
Lesser black-backed gull Larus fuscus Accidental
Slaty-backed gull Larus schistisagus Accidental
Brown noddy Anous stolidus
Sooty tern Onychoprion fuscatus
Bridled tern Onychoprion anaethetus
Aleutian tern Onychoprion aleuticus Accidental
Little tern Sternula albifrons
Gull-billed tern Gelochelidon nilotica Winter visitor
Caspian tern Hydroprogne caspia Winter visitor
White-winged tern Chlidonias leucopterus Winter visitor
Whiskered tern Chlidonias hybrida
Roseate tern Sterna dougallii
Black-naped tern Sterna sumatrana
Common tern Sterna hirundo Winter visitor
Arctic tern Sterna paradisaea Accidental
Black-bellied tern Sterna acuticauda Extirpated
River tern Sterna aurantia
Great crested tern Thalasseus bergii
Lesser crested tern Thalasseus bengalensis Rare winter visitor
Chinese crested tern Thalasseus bernsteini Accidental, critically endangered
Indian skimmer Rynchops albicollis


Order: Phaethontiformes   Family: Phaethontidae

Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their heads and long wings have black markings.

Common name Binomial Status
White-tailed tropicbird Phaethon lepturus Accidental
Red-billed tropicbird Phaethon aethereus Accidental
Red-tailed tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda Accidental


Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Diomedeidae

The albatrosses are among the largest of flying birds, and the great albatrosses of the genus Diomedea have the largest wingspans of any extant birds.

Common name Binomial Status
Laysan albatross Phoebastria immutabilis Accidental

Northern storm-petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae

Storm-petrels are small birds which spend most of their lives at sea, coming ashore only to breed. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering or pattering across the water. Their flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like.

Common name Binomial Status
Swinhoe's storm-petrel Hydrobates monorhis Accidental

Shearwaters and petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Procellariidae

The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized "true petrels", characterised by united nostrils with medium septum and a long outer functional primary.

The short-tailed shearwater is a long-distance migrant occasionally recorded in Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
White-necked petrel Pterodroma cervicalis Accidental
Streaked shearwater Calonectris leucomelas Very rare winter visitor
Wedge-tailed shearwater Ardenna pacificus Accidental
Short-tailed shearwater Ardenna tenuirostris Accidental


Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ciconiidae

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are virtually mute, but bill-clattering is an important mode of communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory.

The painted stork is now a rare breeder and passage migrant of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Asian openbill Anastomus oscitans
Black stork Ciconia nigra Rare winter visitor
Asian woolly-necked stork Ciconia episcopus
Storm's stork Ciconia stormi Endangered
White stork Ciconia ciconia Accidental
Oriental stork Ciconia boyciana Endangered
Black-necked stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus Extirpated
Lesser adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus Rare
Greater adjutant Leptoptilos dubius Extirpated, endangered
Milky stork Mycteria cinerea Introduced, endangered
Painted stork Mycteria leucocephala


Order: Suliformes   Family: Fregatidae

Frigatebirds are large seabirds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black-and-white, or completely black, with long wings and deeply forked tails. The males have coloured inflatable throat pouches. They do not swim or walk and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan-to-body-weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week.

Common name Binomial Status
Lesser frigatebird Fregata ariel Winter visitor
Christmas Island frigatebird Fregata andrewsi Winter visitor, critically endangered
Great frigatebird Fregata minor Rare

Boobies and gannets[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Sulidae

The gannets and boobies are medium to large coastal seabirds that plunge-dive for fish.

Common name Binomial Status
Masked booby Sula dactylatra
Brown booby Sula leucogaster Extirpated, formerly bred
Red-footed booby Sula sula Accidental


Order: Suliformes   Family: Anhingidae

Adult Oriental darters are rare visitors to Thailand.

Anhingas or darters are often called "snake-birds" because they have long thin necks, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged. The males have black and dark-brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. The females have much paler plumage, especially, on the neck and underparts. The darters have completely webbed feet and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving.

Common name Binomial Status
Oriental darter Anhinga melanogaster Rare

Cormorants and shags[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae

The little cormorant is a resident breeding species of Thailand.

The Phalacrocoracidae are a family of medium to large fish-eating birds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies; the majority of species have mainly dark plumage, but some are pied black and white, and a few are more colourful.

Common name Binomial Status
Little cormorant Microcarbo niger
Great cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Indian cormorant Phalacrocorax fuscicollis Rare winter visitor, formerly bred


Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Pelecanidae

The spot-billed pelican, once common, is now rare.

Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under their beak. They have webbed feet with four toes.

Common name Binomial Status
Spot-billed pelican Pelecanus philippensis Rare, probably once bred

Herons, egrets, and bitterns[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Ardeidae

The yellow bittern is a very common resident and winter visitor of Thailand.
The cattle egret has naturally colonised Thailand.

The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons, and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises, and spoonbills, members of this family fly with their necks retracted.

Common name Binomial Status
Great bittern Botaurus stellaris Winter visitor
Yellow bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
Schrenck's bittern Ixobrychus eurhythmus Passage migrant
Cinnamon bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Black bittern Ixobrychus flavicollis
Gray heron Ardea cinerea Winter visitor, formerly bred
Great-billed heron Ardea sumatrana Now very rare
Purple heron Ardea purpurea Winter visitor
Great egret Ardea alba
Intermediate egret Ardea intermedia Winter visitor
Chinese egret Egretta eulophotes Very rare winter visitor
Little egret Egretta garzetta
Pacific reef-heron Egretta sacra
Cattle egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian pond-heron Ardeola grayii
Chinese pond-heron Ardeola bacchus Winter visitor
Javan pond-heron Ardeola speciosa
Striated heron Butorides striata
Black-crowned night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Malayan night-heron Gorsachius melanolophus

Ibises and spoonbills[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Threskiornithidae

Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which comprises the ibises and spoonbills. Its members have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary flight feathers. They are strong fliers and, despite their size and weight, very capable soarers.

The black-faced spoonbill is a rare winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Glossy ibis Plegadis falcinellus
African sacred ibis Threskiornis aethiopicus Introduced species
Black-headed ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
White-shouldered ibis Pseudibis davisoni Extirpated, critically endangered
Giant ibis Pseudibis gigantea Extirpated, critically endangered
Eurasian spoonbill Platalea leucorodia Very rare winter visitor
Black-faced spoonbill Platalea minor Very rare winter visitor, endangered


Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Pandionidae

The family Pandionidae contains only one species, the osprey. The osprey is a medium-large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.

Common name Binomial Status
Osprey Pandion haliaetus Winter visitor

Hawks, eagles, and kites[edit]

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae

Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey which includes hawks, eagles, kites, harriers, and Old World vultures. These birds mostly have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight.

The crested serpent-eagle is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Black-winged kite Elanus caeruleus
Oriental honey-buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus
Jerdon's baza Aviceda jerdoni
Black baza Aviceda leuphotes
Red-headed vulture Sarcogyps calvus Critically endangered, Accidental
Cinereous vulture Aegypius monachus Rare winter visitor
White-rumped vulture Gyps bengalensis Possibly extirpated, critically endangered[8]
Slender-billed vulture Gyps tenuirostris Extirpated, critically endangered
Himalayan griffon Gyps himalayensis Accidental
Crested serpent-eagle Spilornis cheela
Short-toed snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus Rare passage migrant and winter visitor
Bat hawk Macheiramphus alcinus
Changeable hawk-eagle Nisaetus cirrhatus
Mountain hawk-eagle Nisaetus nipalensis
Blyth's hawk-eagle Nisaetus alboniger
Wallace's hawk-eagle Nisaetus nanus
Rufous-bellied eagle Lophotriorchis kienerii
Black eagle Ictinaetus malaiensis
Indian spotted eagle Clanga hastata Accidental
Greater spotted eagle Clanga clanga Uncommon passage migrant and winter visitor
Booted eagle Hieraaetus pennatus Rare passage migrant and winter visitor
Steppe eagle Aquila nipalensis Accidental, endangered
Imperial eagle Aquila heliaca Rare winter visitor
Bonelli's eagle Aquila fasciata Rare
White-eyed buzzard Butastur teesa Accidental
Rufous-winged buzzard Butastur liventer
Gray-faced buzzard Butastur indicus Passage migrant and winter visitor
Eurasian marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus Rare winter visitor
Eastern marsh-harrier Circus spilonotus Winter visitor
Hen harrier Circus cyaneus Rare winter visitor
Pallid harrier Circus macrourus Accidental
Pied harrier Circus melanoleucos Winter visitor
Crested goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus
Shikra Accipiter badius
Chinese sparrowhawk Accipiter soloensis Passage migrant and winter visitor
Japanese sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis Passage migrant and winter visitor
Besra Accipiter virgatus
Eurasian sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus Rare winter visitor
Northern goshawk Accipiter gentilis Rare winter visitor
Black kite Milvus migrans Winter visitor, some breed
Brahminy kite Haliastur indus
White-tailed eagle Haliaeetus albicilla Accidental
Pallas's fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus Accidental, possibly extirpated[9] endangered
White-bellied sea-eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster
Lesser fish-eagle Ichthyophaga humilis Rare resident
Gray-headed fish-eagle Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus Very rare
Common buzzard Buteo buteo
Himalayan buzzard Buteo refectus
Eastern buzzard Buteo japonicus Winter visitor
Long-legged buzzard Buteo rufinus Accidental


Order: Strigiformes   Family: Tytonidae

Barn-owls are medium to large owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons.

Common name Binomial Status
Australasian grass-owl Tyto longimembris
Barn owl Tyto alba
Oriental bay-owl Phodilus badius


Order: Strigiformes   Family: Strigidae

The typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk.

The collared scops-owl is a very common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
White-fronted scops-owl Otus sagittatus Rare
Reddish scops-owl Otus rufescens Rare
Mountain scops-owl Otus spilocephalus
Collared scops-owl Otus lettia
Sunda scops-owl Otus lempiji
Oriental scops-owl Otus sunia
Spot-bellied eagle-owl Bubo nipalensis
Barred eagle-owl Bubo sumatranus
Dusky eagle-owl Bubo coromandus Very rare
Brown fish-owl Ketupa zeylonensis
Buffy fish-owl Ketupa ketupu
Collared owlet Taenioptynx brodiei
Asian barred owlet Glaucidium cuculoides
Collared owlet Taenioptynx brodiei
Spotted owlet Athene brama
Spotted wood-owl Strix seloputo
Brown wood-owl Strix leptogrammica
Short-eared owl Asio flammeus Very rare winter visitor
Brown boobook Ninox scutulata
Northern boobook Ninox japonica Accidental


Order: Trogoniformes   Family: Trogonidae

The red-headed trogon is a common resident of Thailand.

The family Trogonidae includes the trogons and quetzals. Found in tropical woodlands worldwide, they feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. Trogons have soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage.

Common name Binomial Status
Red-naped trogon Harpactes kasumba Rare
Diard's trogon Harpactes diardii
Cinnamon-rumped trogon Harpactes orrhophaeus Rare
Scarlet-rumped trogon Harpactes duvaucelii
Red-headed trogon Harpactes erythrocephalus
Orange-breasted trogon Harpactes oreskios


Order: Bucerotiformes   Family: Upupidae

Hoopoes have black, white, and pink plumage and a large erectile crest on the head.

Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian hoopoe Upupa epops


Order: Bucerotiformes   Family: Bucerotidae

Hornbills are a group of birds whose bill is shaped like a cow's horn, but without a twist, sometimes with a casque on the upper mandible. Frequently, the bill is brightly coloured.

The Oriental pied-hornbill is a fairly common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
White-crowned hornbill Berenicornis comatus Endangered
Helmeted hornbill Buceros vigil Critically endangered
Rhinoceros hornbill Buceros rhinoceros Rare, far south
Great hornbill Buceros bicornis
Bushy-crested hornbill Anorrhinus galeritus
Brown hornbill Anorrhinus austeni
Rusty-cheeked hornbill Anorrhinus tickelli
Black hornbill Anthracoceros malayanus Rare
Oriental pied-hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris
Rufous-necked hornbill Aceros nipalensis Rare
Wreathed hornbill Rhyticeros undulatus
Plain-pouched hornbill Rhyticeros subruficollis Rare
Wrinkled hornbill Rhabdotorrhinus corrugatus Endangered


Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae

Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long, pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails.

The stork-billed kingfisher is an uncommon resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Blyth's kingfisher Alcedo hercules Very rare winter visitor
Common kingfisher Alcedo atthis Very common winter visitor
Blue-eared kingfisher Alcedo meninting
Malaysian blue-banded kingfisher Alcedo peninsulae
Black-backed dwarf-kingfisher Ceyx erithaca
Rufous-backed dwarf-kingfisher Ceyx rufidorsa
Banded kingfisher Lacedo pulchella
Brown-winged kingfisher Pelargopsis amauroptera
Stork-billed kingfisher Pelargopsis capensis
Ruddy kingfisher Halcyon coromanda
White-throated kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis
Black-capped kingfisher Halcyon pileata Winter visitor and passage migrant
Sacred kingfisher Todiramphus sanctus Accidental
Collared kingfisher Todirhamphus chloris
Rufous-collared kingfisher Actenoides concretus Rare and reduced
Crested kingfisher Megaceryle lugubris
Pied kingfisher Ceryle rudis


Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Meropidae

The bee-eaters are a group of near passerine birds. Most species are found in Africa but others occur in southern Europe, southern Asia, Australia and New Guinea. They are characterised by richly coloured plumage, slender bodies, and usually elongated central tail feathers. All are colourful and have long down-turned bills and pointed wings, which give them a swallow-like appearance when seen from afar.

Common name Binomial Status
Red-bearded bee-eater Nyctyornis amictus
Blue-bearded bee-eater Nyctyornis athertoni
Asian green bee-eater Merops orientalis
Blue-throated bee-eater Merops viridis Resident, winter visitor and passage migrant
Blue-tailed bee-eater Merops philippinus Resident, winter visitor and passage migrant
Chestnut-headed bee-eater Merops leschenaulti


Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Coraciidae

Rollers resemble crows in size and build, but are more closely related to the kingfishers and bee-eaters. They share the colourful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. The two inner front toes are connected, but the outer toe is not.

Common name Binomial Status
Indochinese roller Coracias affinis
Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis

Asian barbets[edit]

Order: Piciformes   Family: Megalaimidae

The Asian barbets are plump birds, with short necks and large heads. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. Most species are brightly coloured.

The lineated barbet is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Sooty barbet Caloramphus hayii
Coppersmith barbet Psilopogon haemacephalus
Blue-eared barbet Psilopogon duvaucelii
Fire-tufted barbet Psilopogon pyrolophus Accidental
Great barbet Psilopogon virens
Red-crowned barbet Psilopogon rafflesii Rare
Red-throated barbet Psilopogon mystacophanos
Yellow-crowned barbet Psilopogon henricii
Green-eared barbet Psilopogon faiostrictus
Lineated barbet Psilopogon lineatus
Golden-throated barbet Psilopogon franklinii
Necklaced barbet Psilopogon auricularis
Gold-whiskered barbet Psilopogon chrysopogon
Moustached barbet Psilopogon incognitus
Blue-throated barbet Psilopogon asiaticus
Black-browed barbet Psilopogon oorti
Turquoise-throated barbet Psilopogon chersonesus Endemic


Order: Piciformes   Family: Indicatoridae

Honeyguides are among the few birds that feed on wax. They are named for the greater honeyguide which leads traditional honey-hunters to bees' nests and, after the hunters have harvested the honey, feeds on the remaining contents of the hive.

Common name Binomial Status
Malaysian honeyguide Indicator archipelagicus Rare


Order: Piciformes   Family: Picidae

Woodpeckers are small to medium-sized birds with chisel-like beaks, short legs, stiff tails, and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks.

The fulvous-breasted woodpecker is an uncommon resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian wryneck Jynx torquilla Winter visitor
Speckled piculet Picumnus innominatus
Rufous piculet Sasia abnormis
White-browed piculet Sasia ochracea
Gray-and-buff woodpecker Hemicircus concretus
Heart-spotted woodpecker Hemicircus canente
Sunda pygmy woodpecker Yungipicus moluccensis Accidental
Gray-capped pygmy woodpecker Yungipicus canicapillus
Yellow-crowned woodpecker Leiopicus mahrattensis Rare
Rufous-bellied woodpecker Dendrocopos hyperythrus
Freckle-breasted woodpecker Dendrocopos analis
Stripe-breasted woodpecker Dendrocopos atratus
Crimson-breasted woodpecker Dryobates cathpharius
Maroon woodpecker Blythipicus rubiginosus
Bay woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis
Orange-backed woodpecker Reinwardtipicus validus
Greater flameback Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus
Rufous woodpecker Micropternus brachyurus
Buff-necked woodpecker Meiglyptes tukki
Buff-rumped woodpecker Meiglyptes tristis
Black-and-buff woodpecker Meiglyptes jugularis
Pale-headed woodpecker Gecinulus grantia
Bamboo woodpecker Gecinulus viridis
Olive-backed woodpecker Dinopium rafflesii Rare
Common flameback Dinopium javanense
Lesser yellownape Picus chlorolophus
Crimson-winged woodpecker Picus puniceus
Streak-throated woodpecker Picus xanthopygaeus
Streak-breasted woodpecker Picus viridanus
Laced woodpecker Picus vittatus
Gray-headed woodpecker Picus canus
Black-headed woodpecker Picus erythropygius
Banded woodpecker Chrysophlegma miniaceum
Greater yellownape Chrysophlegma flavinucha
Checker-throated woodpecker Chrysophlegma mentale
Great slaty woodpecker Mulleripicus pulverulentus
White-bellied woodpecker Dryocopus javensis

Falcons and caracaras[edit]

Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their talons.

The Eurasian hobby is a rare winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
White-rumped falcon Polihierax insignis
Collared falconet Microhierax caerulescens
Black-thighed falconet Microhierax fringillarius
Eurasian kestrel Falco tinnunculus Winter visitor
Amur falcon Falco amurensis Very rare passage migrant
Merlin Falco columbarius Accidental
Eurasian hobby Falco subbuteo Rare winter visitor
Oriental hobby Falco severus
Peregrine falcon Falco peregrinus Mainly winter visitor

Old World parrots[edit]

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittaculidae

Characteristic features of parrots include a strong curved bill, an upright stance, strong legs, and clawed zygodactyl feet. Many parrots are vividly coloured, and some are multi-coloured. In size they range from 8 cm (3.1 in) to 1 m (3.3 ft) in length. Old World parrots are found from Africa east across south and southeast Asia and Oceania to Australia and New Zealand.

Common name Binomial Status
Blue-rumped parrot Psittinus cyanurus Rare, much reduced
Alexandrine parakeet Psittacula eupatria Rare, much reduced
Rose-ringed parakeet Psittacula krameri Introduced species
Gray-headed parakeet Psittacula finschii
Blossom-headed parakeet Psittacula roseata
Red-breasted parakeet Psittacula alexandri
Vernal hanging-parrot Loriculus vernalis
Blue-crowned hanging-parrot Loriculus galgulus

African and green broadbills[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Calyptomenidae

The broadbills are small, brightly coloured birds, which feed on fruit and also take insects in flycatcher fashion, snapping their broad bills. Their habitat is canopies of wet forests.

Common name Binomial Status
Green broadbill Calyptomena viridis

Asian and Grauer's broadbills[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Eurylaimidae

The broadbills are small, brightly coloured birds, which feed on fruit and also take insects in flycatcher fashion, snapping their broad bills. Their habitat is canopies of wet forests.

The long-tailed broadbill is a fairly common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Long-tailed broadbill Psarisomus dalhousiae
Dusky broadbill Corydon sumatranus
Silver-breasted broadbill Serilophus lunatus
Black-and-red broadbill Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos
Banded broadbill Eurylaimus javanicus
Black-and-yellow broadbill Eurylaimus ochromalus


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pittidae

Pittas are medium-sized stocky passerines with fairly long, strong legs, short tails, and stout bills. Many are brightly coloured. They spend the majority of their time on wet forest floors, eating snails, insects, and similar invertebrate prey.

The hooded pitta is an uncommon wet season migrant visitor of Thailand, and some winter in Southern Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Garnet pitta Erythropitta granatina Rare
Eared pitta Hydrornis phayrei
Rusty-naped pitta Hydrornis oatesi
Blue-naped pitta Hydrornis nipalensis
Blue-rumped pitta Hydrornis soror
Giant pitta Hydrornis caeruleus Rare
Malayan banded-pitta Hydrornis irena
Blue pitta Hydrornis cyaneus
Bar-bellied pitta Hydrornis elliotii Rare
Gurney's pitta Hydrornis gurneyi Rediscovered 1986, rare and endangered[10]
Blue-winged pitta Pitta moluccensis Summer visitor, passage migrant
Fairy pitta Pitta nympha Accidental
Hooded pitta Pitta sordida
Mangrove pitta Pitta megarhyncha

Thornbills and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acanthizidae

The Acanthizidae are small- to medium-sized birds with short rounded wings, slender bills, long legs, and a short tail. The golden-bellied gerygone is the only member of the family found in mainland Asia.

Common name Binomial Status
Golden-bellied gerygone Gerygone sulphurea


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Campephagidae

The cuckooshrikes are small to medium-sized passerine birds. They are predominantly greyish with white and black, although some minivet species are brightly coloured.

The small minivet is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Fiery minivet Pericrocotus igneus
Small minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus
Grey-chinned minivet Pericrocotus solaris
Short-billed minivet Pericrocotus brevirostris
Long-tailed minivet Pericrocotus ethologus
Scarlet minivet Pericrocotus speciosus
Ashy minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus Winter visitor
Brown-rumped minivet Pericrocotus cantonensis
Rosy minivet Pericrocotus roseus Winter visitor
Large cuckooshrike Coracina macei
Bar-bellied cuckooshrike Coracina striata Rare, much reduced
Javan cuckooshrike Coracina javensis Accidental
Pied triller Lalage nigra
Black-winged cuckooshrike Lalage melaschistos Resident and winter visitor
Lesser cuckooshrike Lalage fimbriata
Indochinese cuckooshrike Coracina polioptera

Vireos, shrike-babblers, and erpornis[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Vireonidae

Most of the members of this family are found in the New World. However, the shrike-babblers and erpornis, which only slightly resemble the "true" vireos and greenlets, are found in South East Asia.

Common name Binomial Status
White-browed shrike-babbler Pteruthius aeralatus
Black-eared shrike-babbler Pteruthius melanotis
Clicking shrike-babbler Pteruthius intermedius
White-bellied erpornis Erpornis zantholeuca

Whistlers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pachycephalidae

The family Pachycephalidae includes the whistlers, shrikethrushes, and some of the pitohuis.

Common name Binomial Status
Mangrove whistler Pachycephala cinerea

Old World orioles[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Oriolidae

The Old World orioles are colourful passerine birds which are not closely related to the New World orioles.

The black-naped oriole is a common winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Dark-throated oriole Oriolus xanthonotus
Indian golden oriole Oriolus kundoo Accidental
Black-naped oriole Oriolus chinensis Winter visitor
Slender-billed oriole Oriolus tenuirostris Winter visitor
Black-hooded oriole Oriolus xanthornus
Black-and-crimson oriole Oriolus cruentus Accidental
Maroon oriole Oriolus traillii
Silver oriole Oriolus mellianus Rare winter visitor, endangered

Woodswallows, bellmagpies, and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Artamidae

The woodswallows are soft-plumaged, somber-coloured passerine birds. They are smooth, agile flyers with moderately large, semi-triangular wings.

Common name Binomial Status
Ashy woodswallow Artamus fuscus
White-breasted woodswallow Artamus leucorynchus Accidental

Vangas, helmetshrikes, and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Vangidae

The family Vangidae is highly variable, though most members of it resemble true shrikes to some degree.

Common name Binomial Status
Large woodshrike Tephrodornis virgatus
Common woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus
Bar-winged flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus
Black-winged flycatcher-shrike Hemipus hirundinaceus
Rufous-winged philentoma Philentoma pyrhoptera
Maroon-breasted philentoma Philentoma velata


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Aegithinidae

The ioras are bulbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub, but whereas that group tends to be drab in colouration, ioras are sexually dimorphic, with the males being brightly plumaged in yellows and greens.

Common name Binomial Status
Common iora Aegithina tiphia
Green iora Aegithina viridissima
Great iora Aegithina lafresnayei


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Rhipiduridae

The fantails are small insectivorous birds with longish, frequently fanned, tails.

The Malaysian pied-fantail is a very common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Spotted fantail Rhipidura perlata Rare
Malaysian pied-fantail Rhipidura javanica
White-throated fantail Rhipidura albicollis
White-browed fantail Rhipidura aureola


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Dicruridae

The drongos are mostly black or dark grey in colour, sometimes with metallic tints. They have long forked tails, and some Asian species have elaborate tail decorations. They have short legs and sit very upright when perched, like a shrike. They flycatch or take prey from the ground.

The bronzed drongo is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Black drongo Dicrurus macrocercus Resident and winter visitor
Ashy drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus Resident and winter visitor
Crow-billed drongo Dicrurus annectens Winter visitor and passage migrant
Bronzed drongo Dicrurus aeneus
Lesser racket-tailed drongo Dicrurus remifer
Hair-crested drongo Dicrurus hottentottus Resident and winter visitor
Greater racket-tailed drongo Dicrurus paradiseus

Monarch flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Monarchidae

The monarch flycatchers are small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines which hunt by gleaning, hovering or flycatching.

Common name Binomial Status
Black-naped monarch Hypothymis azurea
Japanese paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone atrocaudata Rare winter visitor, passage migrant
Amur paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone incei
Blyth's paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone affinis Resident and winter visitor

Crested shrikejay[edit]

The crested shrikejay is an uncommon resident of Thailand.

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Platylophidae

Until 2018 this species was included in family Corvidae, but genetic and morphological evidence place it in its own family.

Common name Binomial Status
Crested shrikejay Platylophus galericulatus


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Laniidae

Shrikes are passerine birds known for the habit of some species of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns. A shrike's beak is hooked, like that of a typical bird of prey.

The tiger shrike is a passage migrant of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Tiger shrike Lanius tigrinus Fairly common passage migrant
Brown shrike Lanius cristatus Winter visitor
Burmese shrike Lanius collurioides Winter visitor
Bay-backed shrike Lanius vittatus Accidental
Long-tailed shrike Lanius schach Passage migrant
Gray-backed shrike Lanius tephronotus Winter visitor

Crows, jays, and magpies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Corvidae

The family Corvidae includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size among the Passeriformes, and some of the larger species show high levels of intelligence.

Common name Binomial Status
Black magpie Platysmurus leucopterus
Eurasian jay Garrulus glandarius
Red-billed blue-magpie Urocissa erythrorhyncha
Common green-magpie Cissa chinensis
Indochinese green-magpie Cissa hypoleuca
Rufous treepie Dendrocitta vagabunda
Gray treepie Dendrocitta formosae
Racket-tailed treepie Crypsirina temia
Ratchet-tailed treepie Temnurus temnurus Accidental
Oriental magpie Pica serica Accidental
Eurasian magpie Pica pica Accidental
House crow Corvus splendens Introduced species
Rook Corvus frugilegus Accidental
Large-billed crow Corvus macrorhynchos


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Eupetidae

The Malaysian rail-babbler is a rail-like passerine bird which inhabits the floor of primary forest in the Malay Peninsula and Sumatra. It is the only member of its family. The nominate subspecies E. m. macrocerus is found in Thailand.[11]

Common name Binomial Status
Malaysian rail-babbler Eupetes macrocerus

Fairy flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Stenostiridae

Most of the species of this small family are found in Africa, though a few inhabit tropical Asia. They are not closely related to other birds called "flycatchers".

Common name Binomial Status
Yellow-bellied fairy-fantail Chelidorhynx hypoxanthus
Gray-headed canary-flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis

Tits, chickadees, and titmice[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Paridae

The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. Some have crests. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects.

Japanese tit
Common name Binomial Status
Fire-capped tit Cephalopyrus flammiceps
Yellow-browed tit Sylviparus modestus
Sultan tit Melanochlora sultanea
Cinereous tit Parus cinereous
Japanese tit Parus minor
Yellow-cheeked tit Machlolophus spilonotus


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Alaudidae

Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. Their food is insects and seeds.

Common name Binomial Status
Horsfield’s bushlark Mirafra javanica
Indochinese bushlark Mirafra erythrocephala
Greater short-toed lark Calandrella brachydactyla
Mongolian short-toed lark Calandrella dukhunensis Accidental
Oriental skylark Alauda gulgula

Cisticolas and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cisticolidae

The Cisticolidae are warblers found mainly in warmer southern regions of the Old World. They are generally very small birds of drab brown or grey appearance found in open country such as grassland or scrub.

The golden-headed cisticola is a common resident of the grasslands of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Common tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius
Dark-necked tailorbird Orthotomus atrogularis
Ashy tailorbird Orthotomus ruficeps
Rufous-tailed tailorbird Orthotomus sericeus
Burmese prinia Prinia cooki
Brown prinia Prinia polychroa
Hill prinia Prinia superciliaris
Rufescent prinia Prinia rufescens
Gray-breasted prinia Prinia hodgsonii
Yellow-bellied prinia Prinia flaviventris
Plain prinia Prinia inornata
Zitting cisticola Cisticola juncidis
Golden-headed cisticola Cisticola exilis

Reed warblers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acrocephalidae

The members of this family are usually rather large for "warblers". Most are rather plain olivaceous brown above with much yellow to beige below. They are usually found in open woodland, reedbeds, or tall grass. The family occurs mostly in southern to western Eurasia and surroundings, but it also ranges far into the Pacific, with some species in Africa.

Common name Binomial Status
Thick-billed warbler Arundinax aedon Winter visitor
Booted warbler Iduna caligata Accidental
Black-browed reed warbler Acrocephalus bistrigiceps Winter visitor
Paddyfield warbler Acrocephalus agricola Rare winter visitor
Blunt-winged warbler Acrocephalus concinens Winter visitor
Manchurian reed warbler Acrocephalus tangorum Winter visitor
Blyth's reed warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum Passage migrant
Large-billed reed warbler Acrocephalus orinus Rare, rediscovered 2006[12]
Oriental reed warbler Acrocephalus orientalis Winter visitor
Clamorous reed warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus Very rare winter visitor

Grassbirds and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Locustellidae

Locustellidae are a family of small insectivorous songbirds found mainly in Eurasia, Africa, and the Australian region. They are smallish birds with tails that are usually long and pointed, and tend to be drab brownish or buffy all over.

Common name Binomial Status
Marsh grassbird Helopsaltes pryeri Accidental
Pallas's grasshopper warbler Helopsaltes certhiola Winter visitor
Lanceolated warbler Locustella lanceolata Winter visitor
Brown bush warbler Locustella luteoventris Rare winter visitor
Chinese bush warbler Locustella tacsanowskia Very rare winter visitor
Baikal bush warbler Locustella davidi Winter visitor
Spotted bush warbler Locustella thoracica Accidental
Russet bush warbler Locustella mandelli
Dalat bush warbler Locustella idonea
Striated grassbird Megalurus palustris


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pnoepygidae

The members of this small family are found in mountainous parts of South and South East Asia.

Common name Binomial Status
Pygmy cupwing Pnoepyga pusilla


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae

The family Hirundinidae is adapted to aerial feeding. They have a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings, and a short bill with a wide gape. The feet are adapted to perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base.

The Pacific swallow is a common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
White-eyed river martin Pseudochelidon sirintarae Endemic, critically endangered[13]
Gray-throated martin Riparia chinensis
Bank swallow Riparia riparia Winter visitor
Pale sand martin Riparia diluta Accidental
Dusky crag-martin Ptyonoprogne concolor
Barn swallow Hirundo rustica Winter visitor
Wire-tailed swallow Hirundo smithii
Pacific swallow Hirundo tahitica
Red-rumped swallow Cecropis daurica Winter visitor, local breeder
Striated swallow Cecropis striolata
Rufous-bellied swallow Cecropis badia
Common house-martin Delichon urbicum Rare winter visitor
Asian house-martin Delichon dasypus Winter visitor
Nepal house-martin Delichon nipalensis One record


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pycnonotidae

Bulbuls are medium-sized songbirds. Some are colourful with yellow, red, or orange vents, cheeks, throats, or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive-brown to black plumage. Some species have distinct crests.

The mountain bulbul is a common resident in the highlands of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Black-and-white bulbul Brachypodius melanoleucos Rare
Puff-backed bulbul Brachypodius eutilotus
Black-headed bulbul Brachypodius melanocephalos
Spectacled bulbul Rubigula erythropthalmos
Gray-bellied bulbul Rubigula cyaniventris
Scaly-breasted bulbul Rubigula squamata
Black-crested bulbul Rubigula flaviventris
Crested finchbill Spizixos canifrons
Straw-headed bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus Rare, Critically endangered
Striated bulbul Pycnonotus striatus
Red-vented bulbul Pycnonotus cafer Accidental
Red-whiskered bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus
Brown-breasted bulbul Pycnonotus xanthorrhous
Light-vented bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis
Sooty-headed bulbul Pycnonotus aurigaster
Stripe-throated bulbul Pycnonotus finlaysoni
Flavescent bulbul Pycnonotus flavescens
Yellow-vented bulbul Pycnonotus goiavier
Olive-winged bulbul Pycnonotus plumosus
Ayeyarwady bulbul Pycnonotus blanfordi
Streak-eared bulbul Pycnonotus conradi
Cream-vented bulbul Pycnonotus simplex
Red-eyed bulbul Pycnonotus brunneus
Hairy-backed bulbul Tricholestes criniger
Finsch's bulbul Alophoixus finschii
Yellow-bellied bulbul Alophoixus phaeocephalus
Gray-cheeked bulbul Alophoixus tephrogenys
White-throated bulbul Alophoixus flaveolus
Ochraceous bulbul Alophoixus ochraceus
Puff-throated bulbul Alophoixus pallidus
Buff-vented bulbul Iole crypta
Gray-eyed bulbul Iole propinqua
Olive bulbul Iole virescens
Black bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus Resident and winter visitor
White-headed bulbul Hypsipetes thompsoni
Ashy bulbul Hemixos flavala
Cinereous bulbul Hemixos cinereus
Chestnut bulbul Hemixos castanonotus Accidental
Mountain bulbul Ixos mcclellandii
Streaked bulbul Ixos malaccensis

Leaf warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Phylloscopidae

Leaf warblers are a family of small insectivorous birds found mostly in Eurasia and ranging into Wallacea and Africa. The species are of various sizes, often green-plumaged above and yellow below, or more subdued with greyish-green to greyish-brown colours.

The greenish warbler is a fairly common winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Ashy-throated warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis Winter visitor
Buff-barred warbler Phylloscopus pulcher Winter visitor
Yellow-browed warbler Phylloscopus inornatus Winter visitor
Hume's warbler Phylloscopus humei Winter visitor
Chinese leaf warbler Phylloscopus yunnanensis Winter visitor
Pallas's leaf warbler Phylloscopus proregulus Winter visitor
Sichuan leaf warbler Phylloscopus forresti
Radde's warbler Phylloscopus schwarzi Winter visitor
Yellow-streaked warbler Phylloscopus armandii Winter visitor
Tickell's leaf warbler Phylloscopus affinis Winter visitor
Dusky warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus Winter visitor
Buff-throated warbler Phylloscopus subaffinis Winter visitor
Common chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita Accidental
Eastern crowned warbler Phylloscopus coronatus Winter and passage visitor
White-spectacled warbler Phylloscopus intermedius Accidental
Gray-cheeked warbler Phylloscopus poliogenys
Green-crowned warbler Phylloscopus burkii
Gray-crowned warbler Phylloscopus tephrocephalus Rare winter visitor
Whistler's warbler Phylloscopus whistleri
Bianchi's warbler Phylloscopus valentini Winter visitor
Martens's warbler Phylloscopus omeiensis Winter visitor
Alström's warbler Phylloscopus soror Winter visitor
Greenish warbler Phylloscopus trochiloides Winter visitor
Two-barred warbler Phylloscopus plumbeitarsus Winter visitor
Large-billed leaf warbler Phylloscopus magnirostris Winter visitor
Pale-legged leaf warbler Phylloscopus tenellipes Winter visitor
Sakhalin leaf warbler Phylloscopus borealoides
Japanese leaf warbler Phylloscopus xanthodryas Accidental
Arctic warbler Phylloscopus borealis Winter and passage visitor
Kamchatka leaf warbler Phylloscopus examinandus
Chestnut-crowned warbler Phylloscopus castaniceps
Yellow-vented warbler Phylloscopus cantator Rare winter visitor
Sulphur-breasted warbler Phylloscopus ricketti Winter visitor
Blyth's leaf warbler Phylloscopus reguloides Winter visitor
Claudia's leaf warbler Phylloscopus claudiae Winter visitor
Hartert's leaf warbler Phylloscopus goodsoni Accidental
Davison's leaf warbler Phylloscopus intensior
Kloss's leaf warbler Phylloscopus ogilviegranti
Mountain leaf warbler Phylloscopus trivirgatus Accidental

Bush warblers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Scotocercidae

The members of this family are found throughout Africa, Asia, and Polynesia. Their taxonomy is in flux, and some authorities place some genera in other families.[14]

Common name Binomial Status
Pale-footed bush warbler Urosphena pallidipes
Asian stubtail Urosphena squameiceps Winter visitor
Gray-bellied tesia Tesia cyaniventer Very rare
Slaty-bellied tesia Tesia olivea
Chestnut-crowned bush warbler Cettia major Very rare winter visitor
Chestnut-headed tesia Cettia castaneocoronata
Yellow-bellied warbler Abroscopus superciliaris
Rufous-faced warbler Abroscopus albogularis Rare
Mountain tailorbird Phyllergetes cuculatus
Manchurian bush warbler Horornis canturians Rare winter visitor
Aberrant bush warbler Horornis flavolivacea

Long-tailed tits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed tits are a group of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They make woven bag nests in trees. Most eat a mixed diet which includes insects.

The black-throated tit is locally common in the northern mountains of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Black-throated tit Aegithalos concinnus

Sylviid warblers, parrotbills, and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sylviidae

The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. They mainly occur as breeding species, as another common name (Old World warblers) implies, in Europe, Asia and, to a lesser extent, Africa. Most are of generally undistinguished appearance, but many have distinctive songs.

The yellow-eyed babbler is a very common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Lesser whitethroat Curruca curruca Rare winter visitor
Yellow-eyed babbler Chrysomma sinense
Spot-breasted parrotbill Paradoxornis guttaticollis
Gray-headed parrotbill Psittiparus gularis
Rufous-headed parrotbill Psittiparus bakeri Accidental
Short-tailed parrotbill Neosuthora davidiana Rare
Black-throated parrotbill Suthola nipalensis
Pale-billed parrotbill Chleuasicus atrosuperciliaris Rare

White-eyes, yuhinas, and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Zosteropidae

The white-eyes are small birds of rather drab appearance, the plumage above being typically greenish-olive, but some species have a white or bright yellow throat, breast, or lower parts, and several have buff flanks. As the name suggests, many species have a white ring around each eye.

Common name Binomial Status
Striated yuhina Staphida castaniceps
Indochinese yuhina Staphida torqueola
Whiskered yuhina Yuhina flavicollis
Burmese yuhina Yuhina humilis
Chestnut-flanked white-eye Zosterops erythropleurus Winter visitor
Swinhoe's white-eye Zosterops simplex
Indian white-eye Zosterops palpebrosus
Hume's white-eye Zosterops auriventer

Tree-babblers, scimitar-babblers, and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Timaliidae

The members of this family are somewhat diverse in size and colouration, but are characterised by soft fluffy plumage.

Common name Binomial Status
Chestnut-capped babbler Timalia pileata
Pin-striped tit-babbler Mixornis gularis
Fluffy-backed tit-babbler Macronus ptilosus Rare, much reduced
Golden babbler Cyanoderma chrysaeum
Chestnut-winged babbler Cyanoderma erythropterum
Rufous-fronted babbler Cyanoderma rufifrons
Buff-chested babbler Cyanoderma ambiguum
Naga wren-babbler Spelaeornis chocolatinus Accidental
Gray-bellied wren-babbler Spelaeornis reptatus
Black laughingthrush Melanocichla lugubris Accidental
Coral-billed scimitar-babbler Pomatorhinus ferruginosus Rare
Red-billed scimitar-babbler Pomatorhinus ochraceiceps
White-browed scimitar-babbler Pomatorhinus schisticeps
Sunda scimitar-babbler Pomatorhinus bornensis Accidental
Large scimitar-babbler Erythrogenys hypoleucos
Rusty-cheeked scimitar-babbler Erythrogenys erythrogenys
Black-throated babbler Stachyris nigricollis
Chestnut-rumped babbler Stachyris maculata
Gray-throated babbler Stachyris nigriceps
Gray-headed babbler Stachyris poliocephala
White-necked babbler Stachyris leucotis Rare
Spot-necked babbler Stachyris strialata

Ground babblers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pellorneidae

These small to medium-sized songbirds have soft fluffy plumage but are otherwise rather diverse. Members of the genus Illadopsis are found in forests, but some other genera are birds of scrublands.

Common name Binomial Status
Chinese grassbird Graminicola striatus Extirpated
Large wren-babbler Turdinus macrodactylus
Sooty-capped babbler Malacopteron affine Rare
Scaly-crowned babbler Malacopteron cinereum
Rufous-crowned babbler Malacopteron magnum
Moustached babbler Malacopteron magnirostre
Collared babbler Gampsorhynchus torquatus
Rufous-winged fulvetta Schoeniparus castaneceps
Rufous-throated fulvetta Schoeniparus rufogularis Rare
Rusty-capped fulvetta Schoeniparus dubius Accidental
Puff-throated babbler Pellorneum ruficeps
Black-capped babbler Pellorneum capistratum
Short-tailed babbler Pellorneum malaccense
Spot-throated babbler Pellorneum albiventre
Buff-breasted babbler Pellorneum tickelli
White-chested babbler Pellorneum rostratum
Ferruginous babbler Pellorneum bicolor
Striped wren-babbler Kenopia striata Rare
Abbott's babbler Malacocincla abbotti
Horsfield's babbler Malacocincla sepiaria
Streaked wren-babbler Gypsophila brevicaudata
Annam limestone babbler Gypsophila annamensis Accidental
Rufous limestone babbler Gypsophila calcicola Endemic
Variable limestone babbler Gypsophila crispifrons
Eyebrowed wren-babbler Napothera epilepidota

Laughingthrushes and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Leiothrichidae

The members of this family are diverse in size and colouration, though those of genus Turdoides tend to be brown or greyish. The family is found in Africa, India, and southeast Asia.

Common name Binomial Status
Brown-cheeked fulvetta Alcippe poioicephala
Black-browed fulvetta Alcippe grotei
Brown fulvetta Alcippe brunneicauda
Yunnan fulvetta Alcippe fratercula
Mountain fulvetta Alcippe peracensis
Himalayan cutia Cutia nipalensis Rare
Red-tailed laughingthrush Trochalopteron milnei Rare
Silver-eared laughingthrush Trochalopteron melanostigma
Malayan laughingthrush Trochalopteron peninsulae
Long-tailed sibia Heterophasia picaoides
Black-backed sibia Heterophasia melanoleuca
Blue-winged minla Actinodura cyanouroptera
Chestnut-tailed minla Actinodura strigula
Spectacled barwing Actinodura ramsayi
Silver-eared mesia Leiothrix argentauris
Rufous-backed sibia Leioptila annectens
Scarlet-faced liocichla Liocichla ripponi
Spot-breasted laughingthrush Garrulax merulinus Very rare
Lesser necklaced laughingthrush Garrulax monileger
White-crested laughingthrush Garrulax leucolophus
White-necked laughingthrush Garrulax strepitans
Cambodian laughingthrush Garrulax ferrarius
Chestnut-capped laughingthrush Pterorhinus mitratus Rare in far south
Black-throated laughingthrush Pterorhinus chinensis
White-browed laughingthrush Pterorhinus sannio
Greater necklaced laughingthrush Pterorhinus pectoralis


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Tichodromidae

The wallcreeper is the only member of its family. It inhabits the high mountains of Eurasia from southern Europe to central China.

Common name Binomial Status
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria Accidental


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sittidae

Nuthatches are small woodland birds. They have the unusual ability to climb down trees head first, unlike other birds which can only go upwards. Nuthatches have big heads, short tails, and powerful bills and feet.

Nuthatches, such as the velvet-fronted nuthatch, have the unusual ability to climb down trees head first.
Common name Binomial Status
Chestnut-bellied nuthatch Sitta cinnamoventris
Burmese nuthatch Sitta neglecta
Chestnut-vented nuthatch Sitta nagaensis
Velvet-fronted nuthatch Sitta frontalis
Blue nuthatch Sitta azurea Accidental
Giant nuthatch Sitta magna Endangered
Beautiful nuthatch Sitta formosa


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Certhiidae

Treecreepers are small woodland birds, brown above and white below. They have thin pointed down-curved bills, which they use to extricate insects from bark. They have stiff tail feathers, like woodpeckers, which they use to support themselves on vertical trees.

Common name Binomial Status
Hume's treecreeper Certhia manipurensis

Spotted elachura[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Elachuridae

This species, the only one in its family, inhabits forest undergrowth throughout South East Asia.

Common name Binomial Status
Spotted elachura Elachura formosa


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cinclidae

Dippers are a group of perching birds whose habitat includes aquatic environments in the Americas, Europe and Asia. They are named for their bobbing or dipping movements.

Common name Binomial Status
Brown dipper Cinclus pallasii Rare non-breeding visitor


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sturnidae

Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Their flight is strong and direct and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. They eat insects and fruit. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen.

Common name Binomial Status
Asian glossy starling Aplonis panayensis
Golden-crested myna Ampeliceps coronatus
Common hill myna Gracula religiosa
European starling Sturnus vulgaris Rare winter visitor
Rosy starling Pastor roseus Very rare winter visitor
Daurian starling Agropsar sturninus Resident and passage visitor
Chestnut-cheeked starling Agropsar philippensis Accidental
Black-collared starling Gracupica nigricollis
Siamese pied starling Gracupica floweri
White-shouldered starling Sturnia sinensis Winter visitor
Brahminy starling Sturnia pagodarum Accidental
Chestnut-tailed starling Sturnia malabarica Resident and winter visitor
Red-billed starling Spodiopsar sericeus Accidental
White-cheeked starling Spodiopsar cineraceus Accidental
Common myna Acridotheres tristis Range expansion through introductions[5]
Vinous-breasted myna Acridotheres leucocephalus
Jungle myna Acridotheres fuscus
Javan myna Acridotheres javanicus Introduced
Great myna Acridotheres grandis
Crested myna Acridotheres cristatellus
Spot-winged starling Saroglossa spilopterus Rare winter visitor

Thrushes and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Turdidae

The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs.

Common name Binomial Status
Long-tailed thrush Zoothera dixoni Winter visitor
Himalayan thrush Zoothera salimalii Accidental
Dark-sided thrush Zoothera marginata
White's thrush Zoothera aurea
Scaly thrush Zoothera dauma Winter visitor, resident in mountains
Purple cochoa Cochoa purpurea Rare
Green cochoa Cochoa viridis
Siberian thrush Geokichla sibirica Winter visitor
Chestnut-capped thrush Geokichla interpres Rare
Orange-headed thrush Geokichla citrina Winter visitor
Chinese blackbird Turdus mandarinus
Gray-winged blackbird Turdus boulboul Rare winter visitor
Japanese thrush Turdus cardis Accidental
Black-breasted thrush Turdus dissimilis Rare winter visitor
Gray-sided thrush Turdus feae Rare winter visitor
Eyebrowed thrush Turdus obscurus Winter visitor
Chestnut thrush Turdus rubrocanus Rare winter visitor
Black-throated thrush Turdus atrogularis Very rare winter visitor
Red-throated thrush Turdus ruficollis Very rare winter visitor
Dusky thrush Turdus eunomus Irruptive in winter
Naumann's thrush Turdus naumanni Accidental

Old World flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Muscicapidae

Old World flycatchers are a large group of small arboreal insectivores. The appearance of these birds is highly varied, but they mostly have weak songs and harsh calls.

The white-capped redstart is a resident of the northern mountains of Thailand.
The blue whistling-thrush is a common resident and winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Grey-streaked flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta Rare
Dark-sided flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica Winter visitor
Ferruginous flycatcher Muscicapa ferruginea Winter visitor and passage migrant
Asian brown flycatcher Muscicapa daurica Resident and winter visitor
Brown-breasted flycatcher Muscicapa muttui Very rare
Brown-streaked flycatcher Muscicapa williamsoni Resident and passage visitor
Oriental magpie-robin Copsychus saularis
Rufous-tailed shama Copsychus pyrropygus Rare
White-rumped shama Copsychus malabaricus
White-gorgeted flycatcher Anthipes monileger
Rufous-browed flycatcher Anthipes solitaris
White-tailed flycatcher Cyornis concretus Rare
Hainan blue flycatcher Cyornis hainanus
Pale blue flycatcher Cyornis unicolor
Blue-throated flycatcher Cyornis rubeculoides Resident and winter visitor
Chinese blue flycatcher Cyornis glaucicomans
Large blue flycatcher Cyornis magnirostris Winter visitor
Hill blue flycatcher Cyornis whitei
Malaysian blue flycatcher Cyornis turcosus
Indochinese blue flycatcher Cyornis sumatrensis
Mangrove blue flycatcher Cyornis rufigastra
Brown-chested jungle-flycatcher Cyornis brunneatus Rare on passage
Gray-chested jungle-flycatcher Cyornis umbratilis Rare in far south
Fulvous-chested jungle-flycatcher Cyornis olivaceus
Large niltava Niltava grandis
Small niltava Niltava macgrigoriae
Fujian niltava Niltava davidi Rare winter visitor
Rufous-bellied niltava Niltava sundara Winter visitor
Vivid niltava Niltava vivida Winter visitor
Blue-and-white flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana Passage migrant
Zappey's flycatcher Cyanoptila cumatilis Passage migrant
Verditer flycatcher Eumyias thalassinus Resident and winter visitor
Lesser shortwing Brachypteryx leucophrys
Himalayan shortwing Brachypteryx cruralis
Rufous-tailed robin Larvivora sibilans Rare winter visitor
Japanese robin Larvivora akahige
Siberian blue robin Larvivora cyane Winter visitor
White-bellied redstart Luscinia phaenicuroides Resident and winter visitor
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica Winter visitor
Blue whistling-thrush Myophonus caeruleus Resident and winter visitor
White-crowned forktail Enicurus leschenaulti
Chestnut-naped forktail Enicurus ruficapillus
Black-backed forktail Enicurus immaculatus
Slaty-backed forktail Enicurus schistaceus
Firethroat Calliope pectardens Accidental
Blackthroat Calliope obscura Accidental
Siberian rubythroat Calliope calliope Winter visitor
Chinese rubythroat Calliope tschebaiewi Accidental
White-tailed robin Myiomela leucura
Blue-fronted robin Cinclidium frontale Status uncertain
Red-flanked bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus Winter visitor
Himalayan bluetail Tarsiger rufilatus Winter visitor
Golden bush-robin Tarsiger chrysaeus Rare winter visitor
Yellow-rumped flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia Passage migrant
Green-backed flycatcher Ficedula elisae winter visitor
Narcissus flycatcher Ficedula narcissina Accidental
Mugimaki flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki Winter visitor
Slaty-backed flycatcher Ficedula hodgsonii Winter visitor
Slaty-blue flycatcher Ficedula tricolor Winter visitor
Snowy-browed flycatcher Ficedula hyperythra
Pygmy flycatcher Ficedula hodgsoni Rare winter visitor
Rufous-gorgeted flycatcher Ficedula strophiata Winter visitor
Sapphire flycatcher Ficedula sapphira Winter visitor
Little pied flycatcher Ficedula westermanni
Ultramarine flycatcher Ficedula superciliaris Winter visitor
Taiga flycatcher Ficedula albicilla Winter visitor
Red-breasted flycatcher Ficedula parva Accidental
Rufous-chested flycatcher Ficedula dumetoria
Blue-fronted redstart Phoenicurus frontalis Rare winter visitor
Plumbeous redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus Resident and winter visitor
White-capped redstart Phoenicurus leucocephalus Mainly winter visitor
Black redstart Phoenicurus ochruros Accidental
Daurian redstart Phoenicurus auroreus Winter visitor
Chestnut-bellied rock-thrush Monticola rufiventris Winter visitor, resident on highest peaks
White-throated rock-thrush Monticola gularis Winter visitor
Blue rock-thrush Monticola solitarius Resident (ssp madoci) in far south and winter visitor
Amur stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri Resident
Siberian stonechat Saxicola maurus winter visitor
Amur stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri
Pied bushchat Saxicola caprata
Jerdon's bushchat Saxicola jerdoni Rare
Gray bushchat Saxicola ferreus Resident and winter visitor
Northern wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe Accidental
Isabelline wheatear Oenanthe isabellina Accidental
Desert wheatear Oenanthe deserti Accidental


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Dicaeidae

The flowerpeckers are very small, stout, often brightly coloured birds, with short tails, short thick curved bills, and tubular tongues.

The scarlet-backed flowerpecker is a rare resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Yellow-breasted flowerpecker Prionochilus maculatus
Crimson-breasted flowerpecker Prionochilus percussus
Scarlet-breasted flowerpecker Prionochilus thoracicus
Thick-billed flowerpecker Dicaeum agile
Yellow-vented flowerpecker Dicaeum chrysorrheum
Yellow-bellied flowerpecker Dicaeum melanozanthum Uncommon, may breed
Orange-bellied flowerpecker Dicaeum trigonostigma
Plain flowerpecker Dicaeum minullum
Fire-breasted flowerpecker Dicaeum ignipectus
Scarlet-backed flowerpecker Dicaeum cruentatum Rare resident in far south

Sunbirds and spiderhunters[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Nectariniidae

The sunbirds and spiderhunters are very small passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. Their flight is fast and direct on short wings. Most species can take nectar by hovering like a hummingbird, but usually perch to feed.

The brown-throated sunbird is fairly common in Southern Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Ruby-cheeked sunbird Chalcoparia singalensis
Plain sunbird Anthreptes simplex
Brown-throated sunbird Anthreptes malacensis
Red-throated sunbird Anthreptes rhodolaemus Rare
Van Hasselt's sunbird Leptocoma brasiliana
Copper-throated sunbird Leptocoma calcostetha
Purple sunbird Cinnyris asiaticus
Olive-backed sunbird Cinnyris jugularis
Fire-tailed sunbird Aethopyga ignicauda
Black-throated sunbird Aethopyga saturata
Mrs. Gould's sunbird Aethopyga gouldiae Winter visitor
Green-tailed sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis Resident in mountains
Temminck's sunbird Aethopyga temminckii Rare
Crimson sunbird Aethopyga siparaja
Purple-naped spiderhunter Kurochkinegramma hypogrammicum
Thick-billed spiderhunter Arachnothera crassirostris
Long-billed spiderhunter Arachnothera robusta Rare
Little spiderhunter Arachnothera longirostra
Yellow-eared spiderhunter Arachnothera chrysogenys
Spectacled spiderhunter Arachnothera flavigaster
Streaked spiderhunter Arachnothera magna
Gray-breasted spiderhunter Arachnothera modesta


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Irenidae

The fairy-bluebirds are bulbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub. The males are dark-blue and the females a duller green.

Common name Binomial Status
Asian fairy-bluebird Irena puella


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Chloropseidae

The leafbirds are small, bulbul-like birds. The males are brightly plumaged, usually in greens and yellows.

The orange-bellied leafbird is a fairly common resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Greater green leafbird Chloropsis sonnerati
Lesser green leafbird Chloropsis cyanopogon
Blue-winged leafbird Chloropsis cochinchinensis
Golden-fronted leafbird Chloropsis aurifrons
Orange-bellied leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii

Weavers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Ploceidae

The weavers are small passerine birds related to the finches. They are seed-eating birds with rounded conical bills. The males of many species are brightly coloured, usually in red or yellow and black, but some species show variation in colour only in the breeding season.

Common name Binomial Status
Streaked weaver Ploceus manyar
Baya weaver Ploceus philippinus
Asian golden weaver Ploceus hypoxanthus

Waxbills and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Estrildidae

The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. They are gregarious and often colonial seed eaters with short thick but pointed bills. They are all similar in structure and habits, but have wide variation in plumage colours and patterns.

The red avadavat is an uncommon resident of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Java sparrow Padda oryzivora Introduced,[5] endangered
Scaly-breasted munia Lonchura punctulata
White-rumped munia Lonchura striata
White-bellied munia Lonchura leucogastra
Chestnut munia Lonchura atricapilla
White-headed munia Lonchura maja
Pin-tailed parrotfinch Erythrura prasina
Red avadavat Amandava amandava

Old World sparrows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae

Sparrows are small passerine birds, typically small, plump, brown or grey with short tails and short powerful beaks. They are seed-eaters, but also consume small insects.

The russet sparrow is rarely found in Thailand in winter.
Common name Binomial Status
House sparrow Passer domesticus Recent colonist[2]
Russet sparrow Passer cinnamomeus Rare winter visitor
Plain-backed sparrow Passer flaveolus
Eurasian tree sparrow Passer montanus

Wagtails and pipits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae

Motacillidae is a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails and comprises the wagtails, longclaws, and pipits. These are slender ground-feeding insectivores of open country.

Of the three white wagtail subspecies that winter in Thailand, M. a. leucopsis is most common.[4]
Common name Binomial Status
Forest wagtail Dendronanthus indicus Winter visitor
Gray wagtail Motacilla cinerea Winter visitor
Western yellow wagtail Motacilla flava Winter visitor
Eastern yellow wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis
Citrine wagtail Motacilla citreola Winter visitor
Mekong wagtail Motacilla samveasnae
White wagtail Motacilla alba Winter visitor
Richard's pipit Anthus richardi Winter visitor
Paddyfield pipit Anthus rufulus
Blyth's pipit Anthus godlewskii Accidental
Rosy pipit Anthus roseatus Localised winter visitor
Olive-backed pipit Anthus hodgsoni Winter visitor
Red-throated pipit Anthus cervinus Winter visitor
American pipit Anthus rubescens Accidental

Finches, euphonias, and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae

Finches are small to moderately large seed-eating passerine birds with a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have 12 tail feathers and nine primary flight feathers. Finches have a bouncing flight, alternating bouts of flapping with gliding on closed wings, and most sing well.

The common rosefinch is a common winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Common chaffinch Fringilla coelebs Accidental
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla Accidental
Collared grosbeak Mycerobas affinis Accidental
Spot-winged grosbeak Mycerobas melanozanthos
Yellow-billed grosbeak Eophona migratoria Accidental
Japanese grosbeak Eophona personata Accidental
Common rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus Winter visitor
Scarlet finch Carpodacus sipahi
Dark-breasted rosefinch Carpodacus nipalensis Winter visitor
Oriental greenfinch Chloris sinica Rare winter visitor
Black-headed greenfinch Chloris ambigua Rare winter visitor

Longspurs and snow buntings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Calcariidae

The Calcariidae are a family of birds that had been traditionally grouped with the New World sparrows, but differ in a number of respects and are usually found in open grassy areas.

Common name Binomial Status
Lapland longspur Calcarius lapponicus Accidental

Old World buntings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae

The emberizids are a large family of seed-eating birds with distinctively shaped bills. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns.

The little bunting is a common winter visitor of Thailand.
Common name Binomial Status
Crested bunting Emberiza lathami Winter visitor
Black-headed bunting Emberiza melanocephala Accidental
Red-headed bunting Emberiza bruniceps Accidental
Chestnut-eared bunting Emberiza fucata Winter visitor
Pine bunting Emberiza leucocephalos Accidental
Gray-necked bunting Emberiza buchanani Rare
Yellow-breasted bunting Emberiza aureola Winter visitor, critically endangered
Little bunting Emberiza pusilla Winter visitor
Black-faced bunting Emberiza spodocephala Rare winter visitor
Chestnut bunting Emberiza rutila Winter visitor
Tristram's bunting Emberiza tristrami Accidental

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Lepage, Denis (22 December 2019). "Checklist of birds of Thailand". Bird Checklists of the World. Avibase. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d Lekagul, Boonsong; Round, Philip (1991). A Guide to the Birds of Thailand. Bangkok: Saha Karn Bhaet. pp. 7–19. ISBN 974-85673-6-2.
  3. ^ Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from Retrieved 15 August 2022
  4. ^ a b c Robson, Craig (2004). A Field Guide to the Birds of Thailand. New Holland. ISBN 1-84330-921-1.
  5. ^ a b c Yap, Charlotte A. M.; Sodhi, Navjot S. (2004). "Southeast Asian invasive birds: ecology, impact and Management" (PDF). Ornithological Science. 3 (1): 57–67. doi:10.2326/osj.3.57.
  6. ^ Insee, Jiranan; et al. (February 2014). "1 February 2014 PCR-based Method for Sex Identification of Eastern Sarus Crane (Grus antigone sharpii): Implications for Reintroduction Programs in Thailand". Zoological Science. 31 (2): 95–100. doi:10.2108/zsj.31.95.
  7. ^ "Spoon-billed Sandpiper Eurynorhynchus pygmeus". Species factsheet. BirdLife International. Retrieved 2008-03-06.
  8. ^ BirdLife International. 2017. Gyps bengalensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T22695194A118307773. Downloaded on 09 May 2021.
  9. ^ BirdLife International. 2018. Haliaeetus leucoryphus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T22695130A131934599. Downloaded on 07 April 2021.
  10. ^ "Gurney's Pitta - BirdLife Species Factsheet". BirdLife International. Retrieved 2008-05-14.
  11. ^ Jønsson, Knud A.; Fjeldså, Jon; Ericson, Per G.P; Irestedt, Martin (2007). "Systematic placement of an enigmatic Southeast Asian taxon Eupetes macrocerus and implications for the biogeography of a main songbird radiation, the Passerida". Biology Letters. 3 (3): 323–326. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2007.0054. PMC 2464695. PMID 17347105.
  12. ^ Round, Philip D.; Hansson, Bengt; Pearson, David J; Kennerley, Peter R.; Bensch, Staffan (2007). "Lost and found: the enigmatic large-billed reed warbler Acrocephalus orinus rediscovered after 139 years". Journal of Avian Biology (Abstract). 38 (2): 133. doi:10.1111/j.2007.0908-8857.04064x.
  13. ^ Humphrey, Stephen R.; Bain, James R. (1990). Endangered Animals of Thailand. CRC Press. pp. 228–9. ISBN 1-877743-07-0.
  14. ^ Gill, F. and D. Donsker (Eds). 2019. IOC World Bird List (v 9.2). Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.9.2. retrieved 22 June 2019
  • Lepage, Denis. "Thailand bird checklist". Bird Checklists of the World. Avibase. Retrieved 27 September 2021.
  • Clements, James F. (2000). Birds of the World: a Checklist. Cornell University Press. p. 880. ISBN 0-934797-16-1.

External links[edit]