List of birds of Victoria, Australia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a list of birds of Victoria, Australia.

Victoria is Australia's second-smallest state but has high biodiversity, with 516 bird species recorded — around 54% of Australia's total of 959 bird species [1] in just 3% of Australia's land area.[2]

Birds are present in high concentrations in some areas, including the Western Treatment Plant at Werribee in Melbourne's suburbs, which is a haven for tens of thousands of birds, due to a combination of permanent water, varied landforms and plant species.[3]

Victoria contains a wider variety of natural habitats than any area of similar size in Australia.[4] Habitats range from warm temperate rainforest in the far east of the state (East Gippsland), cool temperate rainforest,[5] heathlands,[6] mallee (stunted eucalypt) scrubland,[7] grasslands,[8] open woodland,[9] montane forest,[10] permanent lakes, estuaries, large permanent rivers,[11] ocean and bay coastline.[12] 4 million hectares of the state's 23.7 million hectare total land and marine area is protected in National Parks and conservation reserves.[13]

Contents

Key locations[edit]

The state of Victoria includes the following 36 Important Bird Areas (IBAs) classified by BirdLife International:[14]

Several sites in Victoria have been listed amongst Australia's top ten birdwatching locations including:

The following Victorian sites have been listed amongst Australia's top 100 birdwatching locations:

Species[edit]

Ostriches[edit]

Order: Struthioniformes   Family: Struthionidae

Emus[edit]

Order: Casuariformes   Family: Casuariidae

Magpie goose[edit]

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anseranatidae

Ducks, geese and swans[edit]

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anatidae

Mound-builders[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Megapodiidae

New World quail[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Odontophoridae

pheasants and quail[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Phasianidae

Grebes[edit]

Order: Phoenicopteriformes   Family: Podicipedidae

Pigeons and doves[edit]

Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae

Tropicbirds[edit]

Order: Phaethontiformes   Family: Phaethontidae

Frogmouths[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Podargidae

Nightjars[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Caprimulgidae

Owlet-nightjars[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Aegothelidae

Swifts[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Apodidae

Cuckoos[edit]

Order: Cuculiformes   Family: Cuculidae

Rails, crakes and coots[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Rallidae

Cranes[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Gruidae

Bustards[edit]

Order: Otidiformes   Family: Otididae

Penguins[edit]

Order: Sphenisciformes   Family: Spheniscidae

Storm-petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariformes   Family: Oceanitidae

Albatrosses[edit]

Order: Procellariformes   Family: Diomedeidae

Order: Procellariformes   Family: Hydrobatidae

Fulmars, petrels and shearwaters[edit]

Order: Procellariformes   Family: Procellariidae

Storks[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Ciconiidae

Pelicans[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Pelecanidae

Bitterns, herons and egrets[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Ardeidae

Ibises and spoonbills[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Threskiornithidae

Frigatebirds[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Fregatidae

Boobies and gannets[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Sulidae

Cormorants[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae

Darters[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Anhingidae

Stone-curlews (thick-knees)[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Burhinidae

Oystercatchers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Haematopodidae

Avocets and stilts[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae

Plovers and lapwings[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae

Plains-wanderer[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Pedionomidae

Painted-snipe[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Rostratulidae

Waders or shorebirds[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae

Buttonquail[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Turnicidae

Pratincoles[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Glareolidae

Skuas[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae

Gulls and terns[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Laridae

Osprey[edit]

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Pandionidae

Hawks, kites and eagles[edit]

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae

Barn owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Tytonidae

True owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Strigidae

Bee-eaters[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Meropidae

Rollers[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Coraciidae

Kingfishers[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae

Falcons[edit]

Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae

Cockatoos[edit]

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Cacatuidae

True parrots[edit]

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittaculidae

Lyrebirds[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Menuridae

Bowerbirds and catbirds[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Ptilonorhynchidae

Treecreepers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Climacteridae

Fairywrens, emu-wrens and grasswrens[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Maluridae

Bristlebirds[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Dasyornithidae

Honeyeaters[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Meliphagidae

Pardalotes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pardalotidae

Scrubwrens, thornbills and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acanthizidae

Australasian babblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pomatostomidae

Sittella[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Neosittidae

Cuckooshrikes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Campephagidae

Quail-thrushes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cinclosomatidae

Whistlers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pachycephalidae

Crested bellbird[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Oreoicidae

Whipbirds and wedgebills[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Eupetidae (formerly Psophodidae)

Figbirds and orioles[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Oriolidae

Currawongs, woodswallows, butcherbirds and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Artamidae

Drongo[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Dicruridae

Fantails[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Rhipiduridae

Crows and ravens[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Corvidae

Monarch flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Monarchidae

Chough and apostlebird[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Corcoracidae

Australasian robins[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Petroicidae

Sunbirds and spiderhunters[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Dicaeidae

Australasian finches, firetails and waxbills[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Estrildidae

Old World sparrows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae

Wagtails and pipits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae

True finches, crossbills and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae

Larks[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Alaudidae

Cisticolas and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cisticolidae

Grassbirds, songlarks and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Locustellidae

Reed-warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acrocephalidae

Swallows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae

Bulbuls[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pycnonotidae

White-eyes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Zosteropidae

Starlings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sturnidae

Thrushes and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Turdidae

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Avibase Bird Checklists of the World - Regional Lists: Australia". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
  2. ^ "Geoscience Australia - Areas of Australian States and Territories". www.ga.gov.au. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
  3. ^ "Bird Species at The Western Treatment Plant". www.melbournewater.com.au. Retrieved 2016-12-08.
  4. ^ "Parks Victoria - Ecosystems". parkweb.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
  5. ^ "Parks Victoria - Ecosystems - Wet Forests and rainforest". parkweb.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
  6. ^ "Parks Victoria - Ecosystems - Heathlands". parkweb.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
  7. ^ "Parks Victoria - Ecosystems - The Mallee". parkweb.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
  8. ^ "Parks Victoria - Ecosystems - Grasslands". parkweb.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
  9. ^ "Parks Victoria - Ecosystems - Dry Forests and Woodlands". parkweb.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
  10. ^ "Parks Victoria - Ecosystems - The Alps". parkweb.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
  11. ^ "Parks Victoria - Ecosystems - Inland Waters and Wetlands". parkweb.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
  12. ^ "Parks Victoria - Ecosystems - The Coast". parkweb.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
  13. ^ "Parks Victoria - What We Manage". parkweb.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
  14. ^ "Australia's Important Bird Areas" (PDF). birdlife.org.au. Retrieved 2016-12-08.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Taylor,S. (2013) Best 100 Birdwatching Sites in Australia NewSouth Publishing
  16. ^ a b Ed: Dooley,S. (2014) "Top Spots: Australia's favourite birding places" Australian Birdlife 3 (1) p.42-47
  17. ^ a b c "Australia's Top Birding Sites". bird-o.com. Retrieved 2016-11-01.
  18. ^ a b "Top 10 bird watching spots in Australia". Australian Geographic. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah "Birdlife Victoria Twitchathon Official Species List" (PDF). Birdlife.org.au. Retrieved 2016-10-23.
  20. ^ a b c d e f "Victoria bird checklist - Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World". Avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-10-23."".
  21. ^ "eBird - Wandering Tattler". ebird.org. Retrieved 2016-12-11.

Further reading[edit]