List of birds of West Virginia

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The northern cardinal is the state bird of West Virginia.

This list of birds of West Virginia includes 346 species documented in the U.S. state of West Virginia and accepted by the West Virginia Bird Records Committee of the Brooks Bird Club (BBC) as of August 2016.[1] Of the 346 species, 66 are classed as rare, five have been introduced to North America, and two are extinct. An additional 17 species are classed as hypothetical (see below).

Of these species, approximately 75 breed within the state; the remainder are migrating or wintering species. Bird diversity is highest from late spring to early fall, but around 50 species can be encountered in the state during the cold winter months.[2]

This list is presented in the taxonomic sequence of The Check-list of North American Birds (7th edition through the 57th supplement, 2016), published by the American Ornithological Society.[3] Common and scientific names are also those of the Check-list.

Unless otherwise noted, all species listed below are considered to occur regularly in West virginia as permanent residents, summer or winter visitors, or migrants. The following tags are used to designate some species:

  • (R) Rare - species on the West Virginia review list
  • (H) Hypothetical - species reported, but with insufficient documentation to confirm
  • (I) Introduced - a species that has been introduced to North America by the actions of humans, either directly or indirectly
  • (E) Extinct - a recent species that no longer exists

In addition, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) classifies four species as vulnerable VU and thirteen as near-threatened NT. The IUCN also lists one species as critically endangered CE which the BBC considers extinct.[4]

Ducks, geese, and waterfowl[edit]

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anatidae

New World quail[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Odontophoridae

Pheasants, grouse, and allies[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Phasianidae

Grebes[edit]

Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae

Pigeons and doves[edit]

Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae

Cuckoos[edit]

Order: Cuculiformes   Family: Cuculidae

Nightjars and allies[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Caprimulgidae

Swifts[edit]

Order: Apodiformes   Family: Apodidae

Hummingbirds[edit]

Order: Apodiformes   Family: Trochilidae

Rails, gallinules, and coots[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Rallidae

Cranes[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Gruidae

Stilts and avocets[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae

Lapwings and plovers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae

Sandpipers and allies[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae

Jaegers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae

Gulls, terns, and skimmers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Laridae

Loons[edit]

Order: Gaviiformes   Family: Gaviidae

Storks[edit]

Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ciconiidae

Frigatebirds[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Fregatidae

Cormorants[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae

Anhingas[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Anhingidae

Pelicans[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Pelecanidae

Bitterns, herons, and egrets[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Ardeidae

Ibises and spoonbills[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Threskiornithidae

New World vultures[edit]

Order: Cathartiformes   Family: Cathartidae

Osprey[edit]

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Pandionidae

Hawks, kites, and eagles[edit]

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae

Barn-owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Tytonidae

Typical owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Strigidae

Kingfishers[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae

Woodpeckers[edit]

Order: Piciformes   Family: Picidae

Falcons[edit]

Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae

New World and African parrots[edit]

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittacidae

Tyrant flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Tyrannidae

Shrikes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Laniidae

Vireos[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Vireonidae

Jays, crows, magpies, and ravens[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Corvidae

Larks[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Alaudidae

Swallows and martins[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae

Chickadees and titmice[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Paridae

Nuthatches[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sittidae

Treecreepers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Certhiidae

Wrens[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Troglodytidae

Gnatcatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Polioptilidae

Kinglets[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Regulidae

Thrushes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Turdidae

Mockingbirds and thrashers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Mimidae

Starlings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sturnidae

Waxwings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Bombycillidae

Old World sparrows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae

Wagtails and pipits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae

Finches[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae

Longspurs and snow buntings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Calcariidae

Wood-warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Parulidae

New World sparrows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae

Cardinals and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cardinalidae

Blackbirds, meadowlarks, cowbirds, grackles, and orioles[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Icteridae

References[edit]

  1. ^ "WV Total Bird Species" (PDF). Brooks Bird Club. August 2016. Retrieved 14 April 2017. 
  2. ^ "Birding in West Virginia" http://www.wvdnr.gov/wildlife/birdwv.shtm
  3. ^ http://www.americanornithology.org/content/checklist-north-and-middle-american-birds Check-List of North American Birds, 7th Edition, 57th Supplement retrieved 25 July 2016
  4. ^ "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species". Internation Union for Conservation of Nature. March 2016. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 

See also[edit]