List of birds of West Virginia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The northern cardinal is the state bird of West Virginia.

This list of birds of West Virginia includes 346 species documented in the U.S. state of West Virginia and accepted by the West Virginia Bird Records Committee of the Brooks Bird Club (BBC) as of August 2016.[1] Of the 346 species, 66 are classed as rare, five have been introduced to North America, and two are extinct. An additional 17 species are classed as hypothetical (see below).

Of these species, approximately 75 breed within the state; the remainder are migrating or wintering species. Bird diversity is highest from late spring to early fall, but around 50 species can be encountered in the state during the cold winter months.[2]

This list is presented in the taxonomic sequence of The Check-list of North American Birds (7th edition through the 57th supplement, 2016), published by the American Ornithological Society.[3] Common and scientific names are also those of the Check-list.

Unless otherwise noted, all species listed below are considered to occur regularly in West virginia as permanent residents, summer or winter visitors, or migrants. The following tags are used to designate some species:

  • (R) Rare - species on the West Virginia review list
  • (H) Hypothetical - species reported, but with insufficient documentation to confirm
  • (I) Introduced - a species that has been introduced to North America by the actions of humans, either directly or indirectly
  • (E) Extinct - a recent species that no longer exists

In addition, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) classifies four species as vulnerable VU and thirteen as near-threatened NT. The IUCN also lists one species as critically endangered CE which the BBC considers extinct.[4]

Ducks, geese, and waterfowl[edit]

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anatidae

New World quail[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Odontophoridae

Pheasants, grouse, and allies[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Phasianidae


Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae

Pigeons and doves[edit]

Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae


Order: Cuculiformes   Family: Cuculidae

Nightjars and allies[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Caprimulgidae


Order: Apodiformes   Family: Apodidae


Order: Apodiformes   Family: Trochilidae

Rails, gallinules, and coots[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Rallidae


Order: Gruiformes   Family: Gruidae

Stilts and avocets[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae

Lapwings and plovers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae

Sandpipers and allies[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae


Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae

Gulls, terns, and skimmers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Laridae


Order: Gaviiformes   Family: Gaviidae


Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ciconiidae


Order: Suliformes   Family: Fregatidae


Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae


Order: Suliformes   Family: Anhingidae


Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Pelecanidae

Bitterns, herons, and egrets[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Ardeidae

Ibises and spoonbills[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Threskiornithidae

New World vultures[edit]

Order: Cathartiformes   Family: Cathartidae


Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Pandionidae

Hawks, kites, and eagles[edit]

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae


Order: Strigiformes   Family: Tytonidae

Typical owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Strigidae


Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae


Order: Piciformes   Family: Picidae


Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae

New World and African parrots[edit]

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittacidae

Tyrant flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Tyrannidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Laniidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Vireonidae

Jays, crows, magpies, and ravens[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Corvidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Alaudidae

Swallows and martins[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae

Chickadees and titmice[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Paridae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sittidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Certhiidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Troglodytidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Polioptilidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Regulidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Turdidae

Mockingbirds and thrashers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Mimidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sturnidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Bombycillidae

Old World sparrows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae

Wagtails and pipits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae

Longspurs and snow buntings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Calcariidae


Order: Passeriformes   Family: Parulidae

New World sparrows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae

Cardinals and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cardinalidae

Blackbirds, meadowlarks, cowbirds, grackles, and orioles[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Icteridae


  1. ^ "WV Total Bird Species" (PDF). Brooks Bird Club. August 2016. Retrieved 14 April 2017. 
  2. ^ "Birding in West Virginia"
  3. ^ Check-List of North American Birds, 7th Edition, 57th Supplement retrieved 25 July 2016
  4. ^ "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species". Internation Union for Conservation of Nature. March 2016. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 

See also[edit]