List of birds of the Isle of Man

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Red-billed chough
Manx shearwater

Over 300 species of bird have been recorded in the wild on the Isle of Man, a self-governing island in the Irish Sea between Great Britain and Ireland. Over 100 species breed there, including significant populations of red-billed chough, peregrine falcon and hen harrier.[1]

A variety of seabirds breed on the coastal cliffs such as Atlantic puffin, black guillemot, black-legged kittiwake, European shag and northern fulmar.[2] The island gives its name to the Manx shearwater which formerly nested in large numbers on the Calf of Man. The colony disappeared following the arrival of rats but the shearwaters began to return in the 1960s.[2] The Ayres in the north of the island have colonies of little tern, Arctic tern and common tern.[2]

Moorland areas on the island are home to red grouse, Eurasian curlew and northern raven.[2] Woodland birds include long-eared owl, common treecreeper, Eurasian blackcap and common chiffchaff. There is little native woodland on the island and several species found in Great Britain, such as tawny owl, Eurasian green woodpecker and Eurasian jay, do not breed on the isle of Man.

Many birds visit the island during the winter and migration seasons including waders such as purple sandpiper, turnstone and golden plover.[2] Wintering wildfowl include small numbers of whooper swan. A bird observatory was established on the Calf of Man in 1959 to study the migrating and breeding birds. By the end of 2001, 99,042 birds of 134 species had been ringed there.[3] Numerous rarities have been recorded there including American mourning dove and white-throated robin.

The list below includes 323 species of bird. The English names are those recommended by the International Ornithological Congress (IOC) with alternative names given in brackets.[4] The scientific names and classification follow the British Ornithologists' Union (BOU).[5] Species marked as rare are those for which the Manx Ornithological Society (MOS) requires a written description in order to accept a record.[6]

The Manx Ornithological Society uses the following codes:[7]

  • A: a species which has occurred naturally on the island since 1 January 1950
  • B: a species which has occurred naturally but only before 31 December 1949
  • C: a species with an established breeding population as a result of introduction by man
  • C*: a species which has visited the island from an introduced population in Great Britain

Failed introductions such as black grouse or species which are not yet established such as red-winged laughingthrush are not included on the list.


Table of contents

See also        References         External links

Ducks, geese and swans[edit]

Whooper swan
Pink-footed goose
Mallard

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anatidae

Grouse[edit]

Red grouse

Order: Galliformes   Family: Tetraonidae

Pheasants and partridges[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Phasianidae

Loons or divers[edit]

Red-throated diver

Order: Gaviiformes   Family: Gaviidae

Petrels and shearwaters[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Procellaridae

Storm petrels[edit]

European storm petrel

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae

Gannets[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Sulidae

Cormorants[edit]

European shag

Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae

Frigatebirds[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Fregatidae

Herons and bitterns[edit]

Grey heron

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Ardeidae

Spoonbills[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Threskiornithidae

Storks[edit]

Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ciconiidae

Grebes[edit]

Little grebe

Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae

Hawks and eagles[edit]

Hen harrier

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae

Osprey[edit]

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Falconidae

  • Osprey, Pandion haliaetus A, rare

Falcons[edit]

Peregrine falcon

Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae

Rails[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Rallidae

Cranes[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Gruidae

Oystercatchers[edit]

Eurasian oystercatcher

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Haematopodidae

Avocets[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae

Stone-curlews[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Burhinidae

Plovers[edit]

Northern lapwing

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae

Sandpipers, snipe and phalaropes[edit]

Common snipe
Common redshank
Ruddy turnstone

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae

Skuas[edit]

Parasitic jaeger

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae

Gulls, terns, and skimmers[edit]

Great black-backed gull
Little tern

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Laridae

Auks[edit]

Black guillemot

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Alcidae

Sandgrouse[edit]

Order: Pteroclidiformes   Family: Pteroclididae

Pigeons and doves[edit]

Common wood pigeon

Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae

Parrots[edit]

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittaculidae

Cuckoos[edit]

Common cuckoo

Order: Cuculiformes   Family: Cuculidae

Barn owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Tytonidae

Typical owls[edit]

Long-eared owl

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Strigidae

Nightjars[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Caprimulgidae

Swifts[edit]

Order: Apodiformes   Family: Apodidae

Kingfishers[edit]

Common kingfisher

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae

Bee-eaters[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Meropidae

Rollers[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Coraciidae

Hoopoes[edit]

Eurasian hoopoe

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Upupidae

Woodpeckers[edit]

Order: Piciformes   Family: Picidae

Orioles[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Oriolidae

Shrikes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Laniidae

Crows[edit]

Northern raven

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Corvidae

Kinglets[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Regulidae

Tits[edit]

Eurasian blue tit

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Paridae

Bearded reedling[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Panuridae

Larks[edit]

Eurasian skylark

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Alaudidae

Swallows and martins[edit]

Barn swallow

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae

Long-tailed tits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Aegithalidae

Leaf warblers[edit]

Common chiffchaff

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Phylloscopidae

Typical warblers[edit]

Common whitethroat

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sylviidae

Grasshopper warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Locustellidae

Reed warblers[edit]

Sedge warbler

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acrocephalidae

Waxwings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Bombycillidae

Nuthatches[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sittidae

Treecreepers[edit]

Eurasian treecreeper

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Certhiidae

Wrens[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Troglodytidae

Starlings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sturnidae

Dippers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cinclidae

Thrushes[edit]

Common blackbird

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Turdidae

Flycatchers and chats[edit]

European robin

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Muscicapidae

Accentors[edit]

Dunnock

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Prunellidae

Sparrows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae

Wagtails and pipits[edit]

Grey wagtail

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae

Finches[edit]

European goldfinch

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae

Longspurs and arctic buntings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Calcariidae

Buntings and relatives[edit]

Common reed bunting

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Fitzpatrick, Mark. Isle of Man, fatbirder.com. Accessed 7 August 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d e Garrad, Larch S. (1972) The Naturalist in the Isle of Man, David & Charles, Newton Abbot.
  3. ^ Manx National Heritage (2012) The Work of the Observatory. Accessed 7 August 2012.
  4. ^ Gill, F. & D. Donsker, eds. (2012) IOC World Bird Names (v 3.1). Accessed 7 August 2012.
  5. ^ BOU (2011) The British List. Accessed 7 August 2012.
  6. ^ Manx Birdlife (2009) The Manx List 2009 - Categories A, B and C. Accessed 7 August 2012.
  7. ^ Manx Birdlife (2009) The Manx Bird List - 2009. Accessed 7 August 2012.
  8. ^ a b Birdguides (2012) Online Guide to Rarer British Birds. Accessed 7 August 2012 [Subscription required].

General references[edit]

External links[edit]