List of bishops and archbishops of Prague

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The following is a list of bishops and archbishops of Prague. The bishopric of Prague was established in 973, and elevated to an archbishopric on 30 April 1344. The current Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Prague is the continual successor of the bishopric established in 973 (with a 140-year sede vacante in the Hussite era). In addition, the city also has an Eastern Orthodox archeparchy (archbishopric), Greek Catholic exarchate and the Prague diocese and patriarchate of the Czechoslovak Hussite Church seat in Prague.

An aerial view of St. Vitus Cathedral. The entire cathedral is situated inside the Prague Castle complex, and is the cathedral of the Archbishops of Prague.

Bishops of Prague[edit]

The names are given in Czech, with English or otherwise as suitable.

Succession Name Dates of bishopric
1. Dětmar (Thietmar, Dietmar) 973–982
2. Adalbert of Prague 982–996
Kristian (Strachkvas) 996 (died during consecration)
3. Thiddag (Deodadus) 998–1017
4. Ekkhard (Ekkehard, Ekhard, Helicardus) 1017–1023
5. Hyza (Hyzo, Hizzo, Izzo) 1023–1030
6. Šebíř (Severus) 1030–1067
7. Jaromír (Gebhart, Gebehard) 1068–1089
8. Kosmas 1090–1098
9. Heřman 1099–1122
10. Menhart (Meinhard) 1122–1134
11. Jan I 1134–1139
Silvestr 1139–1140 (abdicated)
12. Ota (Otto) 1140–1148
13. Daniel I 1148–1167
Gotpold (Goltpold, Gothard, Hotart) 1168 (died before installation)
14. Bedřich of Puttendorf 1168–1179
15. Valentin (Veliš) 1179–1182
16. Henry Bretislaus 1182–1197
17. Daniel II (Milík of Talmberk) 1197–1214
18. Ondřej 1214–1224
19. Pelhřim (Peregrin) of Vartenberk 1224–1225
20. Budilov (Budivoj, Budislav) 1225–1226
21. Jan II 1226–1236
22. Bernhard (Buchard) Kaplíř of Sulevice 1236–1240
23. Mikuláš of Reisenburk 1240–1258
24. Jan III of Dražice 1258–1278
25. Tobiáš of Bechyně 1278–1296
26. Řehoř Zajíc of Valdek 1296–1301
27. Jan IV of Dražice 1301–1343
28. Arnošt of Pardubice 1343–1344

Archbishops of Prague[edit]

Succession Name Dates of archbishopric
1. Arnošt of Pardubice 1344–1364
2. Jan Očko of Vlašim 1364–1379
3. Jan of Jenštejn 1379–1396
4. Olbram (Volfram) of Škvorec 1369–1402
Mikuláš Puchník of Černice 1402 (died before consecration)
5. Zbyněk Zajíc of Hazmburk 1403–1411
6. Sigismund Albicus 1411–1412
7. Conrad of Vechta 1413–1421
sede vacante 1421–1561
8. Antonín Brus of Mohelnice 1561–1580
9. Martin Medek of Mohelnice 1581–1590
10. Zbyněk Berka of Dubá 1592–1606
11. Karel Graf von Lamberk 1607–1612
12. Johann Lohel 1612–1622
13. Ernst Adalbert von Harrach 1623–1667
Johann Wilhelm Graf von Liebstein von Kolovrat 1667–1668 (died before consecration)
14. Matouš Ferdinand Sobek (Zoubek) of Bílenberk 1669–1675
15. Jan Bedřich Graf von Waldstein 1675–1694
16. Jan Josef Graf von Breuner 1695–1710
17. Ferdinand Graf von Khünburg 1713–1731
18. Daniel Josef Mayer of Mayer 1732–1733
Jan Adam Vratislav of Mitrovice 1733 (died before confirmation)
19. Johann Moriz Gustav Graf von Manderscheid–Blankenheim 1733–1763
20. Antonín Petr hrabě Příchovský of Příchovice 1764–1793
21. Wilhelm Florentin Fürst von Salm 1793–1810
22. Václav Leopold Chlumčanský of Přestavlky and Chlumčany 1815–1830
23. Alois Jozef Krakowski von Kolowrat 1831–1833
24. Andrzej Alojzy Ankwicz 1834–1838
25. Alois Josef, Freiherr von Schrenk 1838–1849
26. Friedrich Johannes Jacob Celestin von Schwarzenberg 1849–1885
27. Franziskus von Paula Graf von Schönborn 1885–1899
28. Lev Skrbenský z Hříště 1899–1916
29. Pavel Huyn 1916–1919
30. František Kordač 1919–1931
31. Karel Kašpar 1931–1941
32. Josef Beran 1946–1969
33. František Tomášek 1977–1991
34. Miloslav Vlk 1991–2010
35. Dominik Duka since 2010

Orthodox bishops of Prague[edit]

The first Orthodox mission in Czech lands was led by Saints Cyril and Methodius, some time before the East–West Schism, with its centre in Moravia. The current Czech and Slovak Orthodox Church comes from the Czech Orthodox clubs and partly arose from the early Czechoslovak Church which separated from the Roman Catholic Church in the 1920s. Consequently, the Czechoslovak Church tended towards Protestantism and an Orthodox branch split off. The Prague Archeparchy encompasses the whole of Bohemia.

Greek Catholic bishops of Prague[edit]

Apostolic Exarchate in the Czech Republic was established in 2006. Exarchs:

Prague bishops of the Czechoslovak Church and Czechoslovak Hussite Church[edit]

The Czechoslovak Hussite Church (until 1971 Czechoslovak Church) split off from the Roman Catholics in 1920s. Initially the church varied between Catholic modernism, Orthodoxy and Protestantism; today it is a Protestant church in principle.

Bishops of Prague Diocese:

  1. Karel Farský, 1925–1927
  2. Gustav Adolf Procházka, 1928–1942
  3. Miroslav Novák, 1946–1962
  4. Josef Kupka, 1962–1982 (in 1971, the church was renamed to "Hussite")
  5. Miroslav Durchánek, 1982–1988
  6. René Hradský, 1989–1999
  7. Karel Bican 1999–2007
  8. David Tonzar, since 2008

Prague is also the seat of patriarchs. The two first Bishops of Prague were also patriarchs. Since 1946, the patriarch is a different bishop.

  1. Karel Farský, 1924–1927
  2. Gustav Adolf Procházka, 1928–1942
  3. František Kovář, 1946–1961
  4. Miroslav Novák, 1961–1990
  5. Vratislav Štěpánek, 1991–1994
  6. Josef Špak, 1994–2001
  7. Jan Schwarz, 2001–2005
  8. Tomáš Butta, since 2006

References[edit]

  • "Biskupové". Historie arcidiecéze (in Czech). Arcibiskupství pražské. Retrieved 2007-05-08.