List of black Nobel laureates

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The Nobel Prize is an annual, international prize first awarded in 1901 for achievements in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace. An associated prize in Economics has been awarded since 1969.[1] As of 2010 Nobel Prizes had been awarded to 881 individuals,[2] of whom 15 (1.7%) were black recipients.[needs update]

Blacks have received awards in three of six award categories: eleven in Peace, three in Literature, and one in Economics. The first black recipient, American Ralph Bunche, was awarded the Peace Prize in 1950. The most recent as of 2011, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Leymah Gbowee, were awarded their Peace Prizes in 2011.

Two black laureates – Barack Obama and Ellen Johnson Sirleaf – were presidents of their countries when they were awarded the prize. As of 2018, fifteen Nobel Prize laureates have been black.

Laureates[edit]

Year Image Laureate Country Category Comment
1950 Ralph Bunche - 1963 March on Washington.jpg Ralph Bunche  United States Peace First black person to win a Nobel Prize[3]
1960 Albert Lutuli nobel.jpg Albert John Luthuli  South Africa Peace First black African to win a Nobel Prize
1964 Martin Luther King Jr NYWTS.jpg Martin Luther King, Jr  United States Peace Youngest African American to win a Nobel Prize
1979 W. Arthur Lewis  Saint Lucia Economics First and (so far) only black person to win a Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences; first West Indian to win a Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences[4]
1984 Archbishop-Tutu-medium.jpg Desmond Tutu  South Africa Peace
1986 Soyinka, Wole (1934).jpg Wole Soyinka  Nigeria Literature First black person to win the Nobel Prize for Literature[5]
1992 Derek Walcott.jpg Derek Walcott[6]  Saint Lucia Literature
1993 Toni Morrison 2008-2.jpg Toni Morrison  United States Literature First black woman to win a Nobel Prize[7]
1993 Nelson Mandela.jpg Nelson Mandela  South Africa Peace
2001 Kofi Annan.jpg Kofi Annan  Ghana Peace
2004 Wangari Maathai in Nairobi.jpg Wangari Maathai  Kenya Peace First black African woman to win a Nobel Prize and first and only environmentalist to win the Nobel Peace Prize
2009 Official portrait of Barack Obama.jpg Barack Obama  United States Peace
2011 Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, April 2010.jpg Ellen Johnson Sirleaf  Liberia Peace
2011 Leymah-gbowee-at-emu-press-conference.jpg Leymah Gbowee  Liberia Peace
2018 Denis Mukwege par Claude Truong-Ngoc novembre 2014.jpg Denis Mukwege  Democratic Republic of the Congo Peace

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nobel Prize" (2007), in Encyclopædia Britannica, accessed 14 November 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online:

    An additional award, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, was established in 1968 by the Bank of Sweden and was first awarded in 1969

  2. ^ "All Nobel Laureates". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2010-03-01.
  3. ^ Ralph Bunche, PBS.
  4. ^ "Unsung Heroes". Time. 2007-12-01. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
  5. ^ "Wole Soyinka Biography". Nobelprize.org.
  6. ^ http://www.math.buffalo.edu/~sww/poetry/walcott_derek.html#bio/biblio
  7. ^ Grimes, William (1983-10-08). "Toni Morrison Is '93 Winner of Nobel Prize in Literature". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-08.

External links[edit]