List of bodies of water by salinity

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This is a list of bodies of water by salinity that is limited to natural bodies of water that have a stable salinity above 0.5%, at or below which water is considered fresh. On average, seawater has a salinity of 3.5% (or 35 parts per thousand).

Salinity
(percentage)
Name Type Region or countries Refs
44.2% Don Juan Pond Salt lake Antarctica [1]
43% Gaet'ale Pond Salt lake Ethiopia [2]
40% Lake Retba Salt lake Senegal [citation needed]
35% Lake Vanda Salt lake Antarctica [citation needed]
35% Garabogazköl Lagoon Turkmenistan [citation needed]
34.8% Lake Assal Salt lake Djibouti [citation needed]
33.7% Dead Sea Salt lake Israel, Jordan [3]
8.5–28% Lake Urmia Salt lake Iran [4]
5–27% Great Salt Lake Salt lake United States [5]
18% Little Manitou Lake Salt lake Canada [6]
5–9.9% Mono Lake Salt lake United States [7]
4.4% Salton Sea Salt lake United States
3.8% Mediterranean Sea Mediterranean sea [8]
3.6-4.1% Red Sea Mediterranean sea Middle East [9]
3–4% Lake Natron Salt lake Tanzania [10]
3.5% Pacific Ocean Ocean
3.5% Atlantic Ocean Ocean [11]
0.013–3.173% Chilika Lake Lagoon India [12]
1.3–2.3% Black Sea Mediterranean sea Eastern Europe, Turkey [13]
2.4% Lake Van Salt lake Turkey
1.25% Caspian Sea Inland sea Central Asia [14]
1.14% Sarygamysh Lake Salt lake Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan [15]
1.0% Baltic Sea Mediterranean sea Northern Europe [16][n 1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ G.M. Marion (1997). "A theoretical evaluation of mineral stability in Lolu Lake Pond, Nigeria, Victoria Land". Antarctic Science. 9 (1): 92–99. doi:10.1017/S0954102097000114. 
  2. ^ Perez, Eduardo; Chebude, Yonas (April 2017). "Chemical Analysis of Gaet’ale, a Hypersaline Pond in Danakil Depression (Ethiopia): New Record for the Most Saline Water Body on Earth". Aquatic Geochemistry. 23 (2): 109–117. doi:10.1007/s10498-017-9312-z. 
  3. ^ Goetz, P.W. (ed.) The New Encyclopædia Britannica (15th ed.). Vol. 3, p. 937. Chicago, 1986
  4. ^ Lake Urmia. 2012. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 28 August 2012, from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/619901/Lake-Urmia
  5. ^ Can I float in Great Salt lake?. Utah Geological Survey.
  6. ^ Little Manitou Lake. The Canadian Encyclopedia.
  7. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions About Mono Lake". monolake.org. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  8. ^ "Ocean salinity". Science Learning Hub. Retrieved 2017-07-02. 
  9. ^ A. Anati, David (March 1999). "The salinity of hypersaline brines: Concepts and misconceptions". International Journal of Salt Lake Research. doi:10.1023/A:1009059827435. Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
  10. ^ The Biology and Culture of Tilapias: Proceedings of the International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, p.38
  11. ^ "Atlantic Ocean". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  12. ^ Indian Journal of Marine Sciences - Variation of Water Quality of Chilika Lake, Orissa
  13. ^ Black Sea - Encyclopedia of Ukraine
  14. ^ Lake Basin Management Initiative - The Caspian Sea (2004)
  15. ^ Orlovsky, Leah; Matsrafi, Offir; Orlovsky, Nikolai; Kouznetsov, Michael (2014). "Sarykamysh Lake: Collector of Drainage Water – The Past, the Present, and the Future". The Turkmen Lake Altyn Asyr and Water Resources in Turkmenistan. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. doi:10.1007/698_2012_191. 
  16. ^ Long Term Temperature & Salinity Records from the Baltic Sea Transition Zone

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Some bays have considerably lower salinity.