List of bodies of water by salinity

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This is a list of bodies of water by salinity that is limited to bodies of water that have a stable salinity above 0.5%, at or below which water is considered fresh. On average, seawater has a salinity of 3.5% (or 35 parts per thousand).

Name Type Region or countries Refs
44.2% Don Juan Pond Salt lake Antarctica [1]
40%[citation needed] Lake Retba Salt lake  Senegal
35%[citation needed] Lake Vanda Salt lake Antarctica
35%[citation needed] Garabogazköl Lagoon  Turkmenistan
34.8%[citation needed] Lake Assal Salt lake  Djibouti
33.7% Dead Sea Salt lake  Israel,  Jordan [2]
8.5–28% Lake Urmia Salt lake  Iran [3]
5–27% Great Salt Lake Salt lake  United States [4]
18% Little Manitou Lake Salt lake  Canada [5]
5–9.9% Mono Lake Salt lake  United States [6]
4.4% Salton Sea Salt lake  United States
3.6-4.1% Red Sea Mediterranean sea  Saudi Arabia,  Yemen,  Egypt,  Sudan,
 Eritrea,  Djibouti,  Israel,  Jordan
3–4% Lake Natron Salt lake  Tanzania [8]
3.5% Pacific Ocean Ocean
3.5% Atlantic Ocean Ocean [9]
0.013–3.173% Chilika Lake Lagoon  India [10]
1.3–2.3% Black Sea Mediterranean sea  Bulgaria,  Romania,  Ukraine
 Russia,  Georgia,  Turkey
2.4% Lake Van Salt lake  Turkey
1.25% Caspian Sea Inland sea  Azerbaijan,  Iran,  Kazakhstan
 Russia,  Turkmenistan
1.14% Sarygamysh Lake Salt lake  Turkmenistan,  Uzbekistan [13]
1.0% Baltic Sea Mediterranean sea  Finland,  Germany,  Poland,  Sweden etc [14] Some bays have considerably less salinity


  1. ^ G.M. Marion (1997). "A theoretical evaluation of mineral stability in Lolu Lake Pond, Nigeria, Victoria Land". Antarctic Science. 9 (1): 92–99. doi:10.1017/S0954102097000114. 
  2. ^ Goetz, P.W. (ed.) The New Encyclopædia Britannica (15th ed.). Vol. 3, p. 937. Chicago, 1986
  3. ^ Lake Urmia. 2012. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 28 August 2012, from
  4. ^ Can I float in Great Salt lake?. Utah Geological Survey.
  5. ^ Little Manitou Lake. The Canadian Encyclopedia.
  6. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions About Mono Lake". Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  7. ^ A. Anati, David (March 1999). "The salinity of hypersaline brines: Concepts and misconceptions". International Journal of Salt Lake Research. doi:10.1023/A:1009059827435. Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
  8. ^ The Biology and Culture of Tilapias: Proceedings of the International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, p.38
  9. ^ "Atlantic Ocean". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  10. ^ Indian Journal of Marine Sciences - Variation of Water Quality of Chilika Lake, Orissa
  11. ^ Black Sea - Encyclopedia of Ukraine
  12. ^ Lake Basin Management Initiative - The Caspian Sea (2004)
  13. ^ Orlovsky, Leah; Matsrafi, Offir; Orlovsky, Nikolai; Kouznetsov, Michael (2014). "Sarykamysh Lake: Collector of Drainage Water – The Past, the Present, and the Future". The Turkmen Lake Altyn Asyr and Water Resources in Turkmenistan. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. doi:10.1007/698_2012_191. 
  14. ^ Long Term Temperature & Salinity Records from the Baltic Sea Transition Zone