List of bombings during the Northern Ireland Troubles and peace process

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A British Army ATO approaches a "suspect device" in Belfast, Northern Ireland

This is a list of notable bombings related to the Northern Ireland "Troubles" and their aftermath. It includes bombings that took place in Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and Great Britain since 1969. There were at least 10,000 bomb attacks during the conflict (1969–1998).[1]

1969[edit]

  • 5 August The Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) exploded a large bomb at Radio Telefis Éireann (RTÉ) headquarters in Donnybrook, Dublin causing significant damage to the building.[2]
  • 19 October 1969 - Thomas McDonnell, a member of the UVF was injured & died a few days later when a bomb he was planting exploded prematurely at a power station near Ballyshannon in County Donegal. McDonnell was also a member of the UVF linked Ulster Protestant Volunteers (UPV).[3][4]
  • 29 October 1969 - The UVF exploded a bomb at the gravestone of Wolfe Tone (the founding father of Irish Republicanism) in Bodenstown, Sallins, County Kildare, Republic of Ireland. The blast occurred at 5.00 am and destroyed a headstone.[5]
  • 26 December 1969 – The UVF planted a bomb at the Daniel O’Connell statue on O’Connell Street. Little damage was done to the statue but the blast smashed windows in a half-mile radius.[6][7]
  • 28 December 1969 – The UVF detonated a car bomb outside the Garda central detective bureau in Dublin. The nearby telephone exchange headquarters is suspected to have been the target.[8][9]

1970[edit]

  • 18 February 1970 - The UVF exploded a bomb at a 240-foot radio mast on Mongary Hill, near Raphoe, County Donegal. The explosion put the transmitter out of action. The mast had allowed RTE programs to be received over a large part of Northern Ireland than had been the case. (The UVF claimed responsibility for this bomb in a statement issued on 19 February 1970.)[10]
  • 16 July: The Provisional IRA (IRA) exploded a bomb at the Northern Bank premises in High Street, Belfast City Center. Over 30 people were injured in the explosion, three of them seriously, plus large damage was caused to the building.[11]
  • 11 August 1970 RUC booby-trap bombing - Two RUC officers were killed outright when they detonated a booby-trap car bomb in Crossmaglen in south County Armagh. They were the first RUC victims of the IRA.[12]

1971[edit]

  • 17 January 1971Daniel O’Connell's tomb in Glasnevin Cemetery is damaged by a Loyalist bomb. It's believed the UFV are behind the bombing. No injuries.[13][14]
  • 8 February 1971 – The Wolfe Tone statue at St. Stephen's Green is destroyed by a Loyalist bomb. No injuries.[15][16]
  • 1 September - The IRA exploded a number of bombs across Belfast & Derry injuring about two dozen people. [17]
  • 2 September - The IRA exploded a bomb at the headquarters of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) which wrecked the building, a number of people were injured in the blast.[18]
  • 20 September The IRA exploded a bomb in the Bluebell Bar in the Loyalist Sandy Row area injuring 27 people.[19]
  • 29 September Two Protestant civilians were killed when the Four Step Inn on the Shankill Road in Belfast was bombed. No group said they did the bombing but it's believed the Provisional IRA was behind the bombing.[20]
  • 9 October 1971 The UVF exploded a bomb in the Fiddler's House Bar in the Catholic Falls Road area of Belfast. They were hoping to kill a Catholic but instead killed a 45 year Protestant woman Winifred Maxwell.[21]
  • 2 November Red Lion Pub bombing – Three Protestant civilians were killed and dozens injured by an IRA bomb attack on a Protestant bar on the Ormeau Road, Belfast.
  • 4 December McGurk's Bar bombing 15 civilians were killed and 17 injured by an Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) bomb attack on a Catholic bar in Belfast.[22]
  • 11 December 1971 Balmoral Furniture Company bombing - Three Protestant civilians were killed, two of them children, and one Roman Catholic civilian was also killed. 19 people were injured in the attack. [23]

1972[edit]

1973[edit]

1974[edit]

1975[edit]

1976[edit]

1978[edit]

1979[edit]

1980[edit]

1981[edit]

[51][52]

  • 24 November: the INLA claimed responsibility for exploding a bomb outside the British Consulate in Hamburg, West Germany.[53]
  • 25 November: the INLA claimed responsibility for exploding a bomb at a British Army base in Herford, West Germany; one British soldier was injured.[53]

1982[edit]

  • 23 February Attacks on shipping in Lough Foyle (1981–82) - Sinking of St. Bedan: The IRA sank the St. Bedan a British coal ship at Lough Foyle
  • 20 April The Provisional IRA detonated bombs in Belfast, Derry, Armagh, Ballymena, Bessbrook and Magherafelt. Two civilians were killed and 12 were injured.
  • 12 May A INLA bomb explodes at the home of Assistant Chief Constable Sam Bradley.
  • 30 June - The INLA planted a number of bombs around Derry injuring 17 people including, soldiers, police & civilians.
  • 20 July Hyde Park and Regents Park bombings – 11 British soldiers and seven military horses died in Provisional IRA bomb attacks on Regent's Park and Hyde Park, London. Many spectators were badly injured.[54]
  • 16 September Divis Flats bombing 1982 - the INLA exploded a remote-control bomb hidden in a drainpipe as a British patrol passed Cullingtree Walk, Divis Flats, Belfast. Three people were killed a British soldier, Kevin Waller, and two Catholic children, Stephen Bennett and Kevin Valliday, and three others including two more British soliders & a Catholic civilian were injured in the attack.
  • 20 September - the INLA claimed responsibility for bombing a radar station on Mount Gabriel, County Cork. Five INLA volunteers hijacked a car carrying an engineer to the station. They forced their way inside, tied-up several workers and planted the bombs. The INLA claimed it attacked the station because it was linked to NATO.
  • 18 October Robert Andrew Overend, the son of Robert Overend (a farmer, businessman and Unionist politician), was badly injured when an INLA bomb exploded under his vehicle on the family farm.
  • 19 October: the INLA exploded a bomb at the headquarters of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) on Glengall Street, Belfast. The building was badly damaged by the blast.
  • 28 November - A parcel bomb exploded in 10 Downing Street, the residence of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, causing minor injuries to an aide. The INLA claimed responsibility in a call to a Belfast radio station
  • 6 December Droppin Well bombing – 11 British soldiers and six civilians were killed by an Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) bomb at the Droppin’ Well Bar, County Londonderry.

1983[edit]

  • 10 December - 1983 Royal Artillery Barracks bombing On 10 December 1983 a bomb exploded at the Royal Artillery Barracks in Woolwich, South East London. The explosion injured five people and caused minor damage to the building. The IRA claimed they carried out the attack.
  • 13 July Four Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR) soldiers were killed by an IRA landmine in County Tyrone.
  • 4 November - An INLA van bomb explodes outside the Fair bar on Patrick street, Strabane. The explosion demolished the bar injuring 29 people, seriously injured 13 people (including 3 RUC officers) and another 16 people had minor injuries that did not require hospital attention.[55]
  • 17 December Harrods bombing – a Provisional IRA car bomb killed three policemen and three civilians and injured ninety outside a department store in London.

1984[edit]

1985[edit]

  • 28 February - Newry mortar attack – a Provisional IRA mortar attack on the Newry RUC station killed nine officers and injured thirty-seven.[57]
  • 27 February: An INLA bomb destroyed a petrol station near Windsor Park. Earlier in the day the English football team played a match against Northern Ireland in the stadium and an INLA statement warned there would be further attacks on sporting events in the Province.[58]
  • 3 April - The IRA exploded a car bomb outside Newry Courthouse, killing a RUC officer & a civilian.[citation needed]
  • 20 April: The INLA claimed responsibility for firebombing a store in Dublin which was selling South African goods in protest against the apartheid regime. There were no injuries as the building had been cleared following a telephone warning.[59]
  • 20 May Killeen Landmine attack Four Royal Ulster Constabulary officers were killed by a Provisional IRA bomb near Killeen, County Armagh.
  • 9 August: A train travelling from Belfast to Dublin was severely damaged after the INLA planted 4 bombs in the carriages.[60]
  • 29 August: The INLA exploded a bomb on a train outside the Belfast central railway station injuring seven RUC officers & two members of the train stations staff and badly damaging a number of carriages.[61]
  • 4 September The RUC training centre & barracks was hit by three mortar shells fired from a truck by the Provisional IRA. 30 people (10 civilian) were injured in the attack and the building was badly damaged.
  • 7 December Attack on Ballygawley barracks – the Provisional IRA launched an assault on the RUC barracks in Ballygawley, County Tyrone. Two RUC officers were killed and the barracks was completely destroyed by the subsequent bomb explosion.[62]
  • 11 December: the IRA East Tyrone Brigade claimed responsibility for mortaring Tynan RUC base, County Armagh in which four RUC officers were injured.
  • 19 December: the RUC base in Castlederg, County Tyrone, was wrecked by a shell during a mortar attack carried out by the IRA. Seven people were injured, and about 250 families evacuated.

1986[edit]

  • 1 January - The IRA's South Armagh Brigade killed two RUC officers on foot patrol when a bin exploded when the foot patrol passed it, the IRA detonated the bomb by remote.[63]
  • 11 August - Attack on RUC Birches barracks The Provisional IRA's East Tyrone Brigade destroyed the RUC barracks at The Birches with a 200lb bomb driven in a JCB digger, near Portadown.[64] [65][66]
  • 28 August: The INLA claimed responsibility for bomb attacks across Northern Ireland: two car bombs exploded outside RUC bases in Newry and Downpatrick, a third bomb exploded in a disused factory in Derry city and a fourth was found under an RUC officer's car in Antrim.[67]
  • 29 August: The INLA exploded a small bomb in the centre of Antrim.
  • 30 August: The INLA explode a bomb at a pub in Antrim.
  • 7 November 1986 – Two bombs planted by the UFF exploded in garbage cans on Dublin's main street but caused no deaths or injuries, and two others were found and defused. The following day a UFF spokesman said the UFF had "the potential to cause death & destruction" & that "the warning should not go on unheeded".[68][69]
  • 11 November 1986 - Eleven hoax bomb warnings at various businesses in Dublin's Grafton Street and Dawson Street caused large disruption in Dublin city. The UFF is believed to be behind the hoaxes.[70]

1987[edit]

  • 8 November Remembrance Day bombing – 11 civilians were killed and sixty-three injured by a Provisional IRA bomb during a Remembrance Day service in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh. One of those killed was Marie Wilson. In an emotional BBC interview, her father Gordon Wilson (who was injured in the attack) expressed forgiveness towards his daughter's killer, and asked Loyalists not to seek revenge. He became a leading peace campaigner and was later elected to the Irish Senate. He died in 1995.[71]
  • 7 & 8 February 1987 – The UFF exploded incendiary devices in Co. Donegal(including attacks on premises in Ballybofey, Letterkenny and Castlefin) and in Dublin. No injuries. It was alleged that these attacks had been approved by UFF leader John McMichael who was planning a large bombing campaign in the Republic of Ireland, but McMichael was killed a few months later by the Provisional IRA.[72][73]
  • 15 August - A number of IRA letter bombs were sent to six senior civil servants around London. No injuries.


1988[edit]

1989[edit]

1990[edit]

  • 9 April Four UDR soldiers were killed when the Provisional IRA detonated a culvert bomb under their patrol vehicle in Downpatrick, County Down. The bomb contained over 1,000 lb (450 kg) of explosive and was so powerful that the vehicle was blown into a nearby field.[75][76]
  • 25 June Carlton Club bombing a bomb exploded at the Carlton Club in London, injuring 20 people. Lord Kaberry died of his injuries on 13 March 1991.
  • 20 July The Provisional IRA bombed the London Stock Exchange.[77]
  • 30 July Conservative MP Ian Gow was killed by a car bomb outside his house near Eastbourne.
  • 6 September The Provisional IRA planted two bombs aboard the Royal Fleet Auxiliary replenishment ship RFA Fort Victoria. One of them exploded, disabling the ship which had been constructed in Belfast and launched some weeks before. The second bomb failed to go off and was found and defused 15 days later.
  • 24 October Proxy bomb attacks – the Provisional IRA launched three "proxy bombs" or "human bombs" at British Army checkpoints. Three men (who were working with the British Army) were tied into cars loaded with explosives and ordered to drive to each checkpoint. Each bomb was detonated by remote control. The first exploded at a checkpoint in Coshquin, killing the driver and five soldiers. The second exploded at a checkpoint in Killean; the driver narrowly escaped but one soldier was killed. The third failed to detonate.[78]

1991[edit]

  • 3 February The Provisional IRA launched a 'proxy bomb' attack on an Ulster Defence Regiment base in Magherafelt, County Londonderry. The bomb caused major damage to the base and nearby houses, but the driver escaped before it exploded.
  • 7 February Downing Street mortar attack- The Provisional IRA launched a Mortar attack on Ten Downing Street during a cabinet meeting with one mortar shell exploding in the garden, causing minor injuries to two people and two further shells landing nearby.
  • 18 February A Provisional IRA bomb detonated in a litter bin at Victoria Station, London, killing David Corner, and injuring 38. An earlier bomb at Paddington Station caused no casualties. These bombs led to the removal of all litter bins on station platforms.[79][80]
  • 31 May Glenanne barracks bombing – the Provisional IRA launched a large truck bomb attack on a UDR barracks in County Armagh. Three soldiers were killed, whilst ten soldiers and four civilians were wounded.
  • 1 June 1991 - The IRA explode a large 600 lb car bomb in the Loyalist village of Donaghcloney, wrecking a number homes four of which were completley destroyed, but causing no death or serious injury to the occupants.. The village was home to former Glenanne Gang member & UVF leader Robin Jackson who killed dozens of people & carried out some of the worst sectarian massacres of the 1970's.
  • 27 - 28 July 1991 - UFF exploded seven incendiary devices in a number of shops in the Republic of Ireland. No injuries.[81]
  • 2 November Two British soldiers were killed when the IRA detonated a bomb at Musgrave Park British Army hospital in Belfast. A two-storey building was destroyed by the blast.[82]
  • 15 November A provisional IRA bomb detonated in St Albans City Centre. Two fatalities, both members of the provisional IRA (Patricia Black and Frankie Ryan), were the only casualties.[83]
  • 14/15 December Three firebombs exploded at the Brent Cross Shopping Centre in north-west London on Saturday 14th and another in the National Gallery on Sunday 15th.[84]
  • 16 December A trackside bomb near to Clapham Junction railway station in south London, followed by hoax telephone warnings, disrupted travel in the city.[84]

1992[edit]

  • 17 January Teebane bombing – A 600-pound (270 kg) (1,500-pound (680 kg) per another source[85]) roadside bomb detonated by the Provisional IRA destroyed a van and killed eight construction workers (one of them a soldier) on their way back from Lisanelly British Army barracks in Omagh, County Tyrone, where they were making repairs. Another eight were wounded.[86]
  • 10 April Baltic Exchange bombing – a van loaded with one-ton of home-made explosives went off outside the building of the Baltic Exchange company, at 30 St Mary Axe, London, killing three people and injuring other 91.[87] The Provisional IRA bomb caused £800 million worth of damage, £200 million more than the total damage caused by the 10,000 explosions that had occurred during the Troubles in Northern Ireland up to that point.[88]
Three hours later, a similar sized bomb exploded at the junction of the M1 and the North Circular Road at Staples Corner in north London, causing much damage but no injuries. Both bombs were placed in vans and were home-made rather than Semtex; each weighed several hundred pounds.[89]
  • 1 May Attack on Cloghogue checkpoint - the Provisional IRA, using a van modified to run on railway tracks, launched an unconventional bomb attack on a British Army checkpoint in South Armagh. The checkpoint was obliterated when the 1,000 kg bomb exploded, killing one soldier and injuring 23.
  • 12 May Coalisland riots – After a small Provisional IRA bomb attack in the village of Cappagh, in which a paratrooper lost both legs, British soldiers raided two public houses and caused considerable damage in the nearby town of Coalisland. This led five days later to a fist-fight between soldiers and local inhabitants. Shortly thereafter, another group of British paratroopers arrived and fired on a crowd of civilians, injuring seven. Two soldiers were hospitalized.
  • 18 June 1992 Leeds Bombing The INLA planted nine devices in Leeds city centre, only four of the devices managed to explode the rest either were found & defused or failed to go off. Still £50,000 of damage was done from the four devices that went off.
  • 19 September Forensic Science Laboratory bombing - The Provisional IRA detonated a 3,700 lb bomb[90] at the Northern Ireland forensic science laboratory in south Belfast. The laboratory was obliterated, 700 houses were damaged, and 20 people were injured.[91] 490 owners and occupiers claimed for damages.[92]
  • 13 October - the Provisional Irish Republican Army detonate a bomb at lunchtime in The Sussex Pub in Long Acre, Covent Garden, London. 5 people are seriously injured.
  • 21 October The IRA detonated a 200-pound (91 kg) bomb, causing large amounts of damage to nearby buildings, in Main Street, Bangor, County Down.[25]
  • 13 November The IRA detonated a large van bomb in Coleraine town centre. Extensive property damage was caused, resulting in several major buildings being demolished, but no one was killed. The Coleraine Town Hall required major structural work, and was not reopened until August 1995.
  • 3 December Manchester Car bomb behind Kendalls. Later that morning, after other threats of other bombs including the Arndale Centre, a bomb was detonated on Cateaton Street. 59 were injured, one seriously.[citation needed]
  • 10 December 1992 - The UFF carried out seven firebomb attacks on shops in Dublin, Moville and Buncrana in the Republic of Ireland.[93]

1993[edit]

  • 4 February Two IRA bombs exploded in the London area, one at South Kensington Underground station and another on a Network Southeast train at Kent House station in Beckenham. Bank and Monument stations in the City of London were also closed by telephoned bomb warnings.[94]
  • 7 March The IRA detonated a 500-pound (230 kg) car bomb in Main Street, Bangor, County Down. Four Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) officers were injured in the explosion; the cost of the damage was later estimated at £2 million, as there was extensive damage to retail premises and Trinity Presbyterian Church, as well as minor damage to the local Church of Ireland Parish Church and First Bangor Presbyterian Church.[25]
  • 20 March Warrington bomb attacks – after a telephoned warning, the Provisional IRA detonated two bombs in Cheshire, England. Two children were killed and 56 people were wounded. There were widespread protests in Britain and the Republic of Ireland following the deaths.[95]
  • 24 April Bishopsgate bombing – after a telephoned warning, the Provisional IRA detonated a large bomb at Bishopsgate, London. It killed one civilian, wounded 30 others, and caused an estimated £350 million in damage.[96]
  • 6 July A large IRA bomb caused widespread damage to the centre of Newtownards, Co Down. The centre of the market town was devastated by a bomb which the IRA said contained 1,500 lbs of explosive. Seven people were injured, one seriously.[97]
  • 23 October Shankill Road bombing – nine civilians, and one Provisional IRA member were killed and another Provisional IRA member injured whenIRA bomb prematurely exploded at a fish shop on Shankill Road, Belfast.
  • 24 October Bombs exploded at Reading railway station (trackside and in a station toilet). A bomb was discovered at Basingstoke railway station and there were telephoned warnings of other devices planted at Waterloo and Guildford railway station. The rail network was extensively disrupted.[98]

1994[edit]

  • 5 January 1994 – Two members of the Irish Army bomb disposal unit are injured when a parcel bomb sent by the UVF to the Sinn Fein offices in Dublin exploded during examination at Cathal Brugha barracks.[99]
  • 24 January 1994 - Incendiary devices that had been planted by the UFF, were found at a school in Dundalk in County Louth and at a postal sorting office in Dublin.
  • 9 - 13 March 1994 Heathrow mortar attacks - On the 9, 11 & 13 March the IRA fired mortars on to the runway at Heathrow Airport. There was no deaths or injuries.
  • 20 April 1994 - The Provisional IRA Derry Brigade fired a mortar bomb at a RUC landrover, killing one RUC officer & injuring two others.
  • 29 July - More than 40 people were injured when the Provisional IRA fired three mortar bombs into Newry RUC base. 30 civilians, seven RUC officers and three British soldiers were among those injured who were treated at Daisy Hill Hospital in Newry.
  • 12 September 1994 1994 Dublin-Belfast train bombing - The UVF plantd a bomb on the Belfast-Dublin train. At Connolly station in Dublin the bomb only partially exploded slightly injuring two women.[100][101]

1996[edit]

1997[edit]

1998[edit]

1999[edit]

2001[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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