List of bombings during the Troubles

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This is a list of notable bombings related to the Northern Ireland "Troubles" and their aftermath. It includes bombings that took place in Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, and Great Britain since 1968. There were at least 10,000 bomb attacks during the conflict (1968–1998).[1]

1969[edit]

1970[edit]

1971[edit]

  • 23 May – The IRA exploded a bomb in the Mountainview Tavern on the Shankill Road in Belfast. 18 people were injured.[4]
  • 1 September – The IRA exploded a number of bombs across Belfast and Derry, injuring about two dozen people.[5]
  • 2 September – The IRA detonated a bomb at the headquarters of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP), which wrecked the building and injured some people.[5]
  • 20 September – The IRA exploded a bomb in the Bluebell Bar in the loyalist Sandy Row area, injuring 27 people.[6]
  • 29 September – Two Protestant civilians were killed when the Four Step Inn on Shankill Road, Belfast, was bombed. No group claimed credit for the bombing, but it is believed the IRA was behind it.[5]
  • 9 October – The UVF detonated a bomb in the Fiddler's House Bar on Falls Road, Belfast. They had hoped to kill a Catholic but killed a 45-year-old Protestant woman instead.[7]
  • 2 NovemberRed Lion Pub bombing: Three Protestant civilians were killed and dozens injured by an IRA bomb attack on a Protestant bar on Ormeau Road, Belfast.
  • 4 DecemberMcGurk's Bar bombing: There were 15 civilians killed and 17 injured by a UVF bomb attack on a Catholic bar in Belfast.[8]
  • 11 December1971 Balmoral Furniture Company bombing: Three Protestant civilians—two of them children—and a Roman Catholic civilian were killed. 19 people were injured in the attack. No group claimed credit for the attack but it was believed to have been carried out by the IRA.[9]

1972[edit]

  • 22 FebruaryAldershot bombing: Seven people were killed by an Official IRA bomb at Aldershot Barracks in England, thought to be in retaliation for Bloody Sunday. Six of those killed were female ancillary workers and the seventh was a Roman Catholic military chaplain.[10]
  • 4 MarchAbercorn Restaurant bombing: A bomb exploded without warning in the Abercorn restaurant on Castle Lane, Belfast. Two were killed and another 130 were injured.
  • 23 MarchDonegall Street bombing: The IRA detonated a massive car bomb in Lower Donegall Street in Belfast's city centre. Seven people were killed in the explosion, including two members of the RUC. 148 people were injured.
  • 21 JulyBloody Friday: The IRA exploded 35 bombs across Northern Ireland, and three large car bombs exploded in Derry, causing no injuries. The Belfast–Dublin train line was also bombed. The IRA detonated 22 bombs in Belfast's city center; nine people were killed (including two British soldiers and one Ulster Defence Association (UDA) member) from two bombs while 130 were injured.[11]
  • 31 JulyClaudy bombing: Nine civilians were killed by a car bomb in Claudy, County Londonderry. No group has claimed responsibility, though the IRA was suspected.[12]
  • 22 AugustNewry customs bombing: A bomb planted by the IRA detonated prematurely at a customs office in Newry. Three IRA members killed six civilians and themselves in the explosion.
  • 14 SeptemberImperial Hotel bombing 1972: The UVF detonated a car bomb outside a hotel near Antrim Road, Belfast, which killed three people and injured 50 others. 91-year-old Martha Smilie, a Protestant civilian, was the oldest person killed during the Troubles.
  • 31 OctoberBenny's Bar bombing: The UDA exploded a bomb outside a pub in Belfast, killing two Catholic children and injuring 12 people.
  • 1 December1972 and 1973 Dublin bombings: Two civilians were killed and 127 were injured by two Ulster loyalist car bombs in Dublin, Republic of Ireland.
  • 28 DecemberBelturbet bombing. loyalist paramilitaries exploded a bomb in Belturbet, County Cavan, Republic of Ireland, which killed two teenagers and injured 8 other people, at the same time a bomb exploded in Clones, County Monaghan, injuring two other people.

1973[edit]

1974[edit]

1975[edit]

1976[edit]

  • 13 January – Two civilians and two bombers were killed in M and I Gallagher, North Street Arcade.
  • 11 February – The Magherafelt police station was blown up by a 500 lb. bomb. There were zero deaths, minor injuries to service personnel and civilians living adjacent to the blast, and extensive damage.
  • 4 MarchCannon Street train bombing: Eight people were injured when an IRA bomb exploded on a train.
  • 7 MarchCastleblayney bombing: The UVF detonated a car bomb in County Monaghan, killing a civilian and injuring 17 others.
  • 17 MarchHillcrest Bar bombing: The UVF detonated a car bomb outside a pub in Tyrone, killing four people and injuring 50.
  • 27 March1976 Olympia bombing: An IRA bomb exploded in London, killing one civilian and injuring 85 others in the blast. Due to the outrage over this bombing, the IRA temporarily suspended attacks in England.
  • 15 MayCharlemont pub attacks: Five Catholic civilians were killed and many injured by two UVF bomb attacks in Belfast and Charlemont, County Armagh.
  • 21 JulyChristopher Ewart-Biggs, the British Ambassador to Ireland, and his secretary Judith Cook, were killed in Dublin by a bomb planted in Biggs's car.[23]
  • 16 August1976 Step Inn pub bombing: The UVF detonated a bomb in Keady, South Armagh, killing two civilians and injuring 20.
  • 16 OctoberGarryhinch ambush: The IRA detonated a bomb at a farmhouse in Garryhinch, killing a member of the Garda and badly wounding four others.

1978[edit]

1979[edit]

  • 22 March – The IRA detonated 24 bombs in various locations across Northern Ireland. 22 of the bombs targeted banks. The biggest bomb was the 50 lb. bomb at Dungannon bank that demolished the bank building and damaged all the buildings in the same street.[24]
  • 30 MarchAirey Neave, Conservative MP for Abingdon, was assassinated. A bomb exploded in his car as he left the Palace of Westminster in London. The INLA later claimed responsibility for the assassination.[25]
  • 17 April Four RUC officers were killed by an IRA van bomb in Bessbrook, County Armagh. The bomb was estimated at 1000 lbs., the largest IRA bomb used up to that point.
  • 27 AugustWarrenpoint ambush: 18 British soldiers were killed by an IRA bomb in Warrenpoint. A gun battle ensued between the IRA and the British Army, in which one civilian was killed. On the same day, four people (including the Queen's cousin Lord Louis Mountbatten) were killed by an IRA bomb on board a boat near the coast of County Sligo.[26][27]
  • 28 August1979 Brussels bombing: British Army bandsmen were targeted at the Grand Place. The bombing injured seven bandsmen and eleven civilians.
  • 16 December Four British soldiers were killed by an IRA landmine near Dungannon, County Tyrone. Another British soldier was killed by a Provisional IRA landmine near Forkhill, County Armagh.

1980[edit]

1981[edit]

  • 24 November: The INLA claimed responsibility for detonating a bomb outside the British Consulate in Hamburg, West Germany.[33]
  • 25 November: The INLA claimed responsibility for detonating a bomb at a British Army base in Herford, West Germany; one British soldier was injured.[33]

1982[edit]

  • 23 FebruaryAttacks on shipping in Lough Foyle (1981–82): The IRA sank the St. Bedan, a British coal ship at Lough Foyle.
  • 20 JulyHyde Park and Regents Park bombings: 11 British soldiers and seven military horses died in IRA bomb attacks in Regent's Park and Hyde Park, London. Many spectators were badly injured.[34]
  • 16 September1982 Divis Flats bombing: the INLA detonated a remote-control bomb hidden in a drainpipe as a British patrol passed Cullingtree Walk, Divis Flats, Belfast. Three people were killed: a British soldier, Kevin Waller; and two Catholic children, Stephen Bennett and Kevin Valliday. Three others, including two more British soldiers and a Catholic civilian, were injured in the attack.
  • 6 DecemberDroppin Well bombing: 11 British soldiers and six civilians were killed by an INLA bomb at the Droppin' Well Bar, County Londonderry.

1983[edit]

  • 10 December1983 Royal Artillery Barracks bombing: A bomb exploded at the Royal Artillery Barracks in Woolwich, South East London. The explosion injured five people and caused minor damage to the building. The IRA claimed they carried out the attack.
  • 13 July – Four UDR soldiers were killed by an IRA landmine in County Tyrone.
  • 4 November – An INLA van bomb exploded outside the Fair bar on Patrick Street, Strabane. The explosion demolished the bar, injuring 29 people: 13 were seriously injured (including 3 RUC officers), and the other 16 people had minor injuries that did not require hospital attention.[35]
  • 17 DecemberHarrods bombing: an IRA car bomb killed three policemen and three civilians, and injured ninety outside a department store in London.

1984[edit]

  • 9 May – A territorial Army reserve soldier died when the IRA booby-trapped their car. Two others in the car were seriously injured in the explosion.
  • 18 May – Three British soldiers were killed by an IRA landmine in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh. Two RUC officers were killed by a Provisional IRA landmine near Camlough, County Armagh.[citation needed]
  • 12 OctoberBrighton hotel bombing: the IRA carried out a bomb attack on the Grand Brighton Hotel, which was being used as a base for the Conservative Party Conference. Five people, including MP Anthony Berry, were killed. Margaret and Denis Thatcher were at the scene but unharmed.[36]

1985[edit]

  • 27 February – An INLA bomb destroyed a petrol station near Windsor Park. Earlier in the day the English football team played a match against Northern Ireland in the stadium and an INLA statement warned there would be further attacks on sporting events in the province.[37]
  • 28 February1985 Newry mortar attack: an IRA mortar attack on the Newry RUC station killed nine officers and injured thirty-seven.[38]
  • 20 April – The INLA claimed responsibility for firebombing a store in Dublin which sold South African goods in protest against the apartheid regime. There were no injuries as the building had been cleared following a telephone warning.[39]
  • 20 May – Four RUC officers were killed by an IRA bomb near Killeen, County Armagh.
  • 9 August – A train travelling from Belfast to Dublin was severely damaged after the INLA planted four bombs in the carriages.[40]
  • 29 August – The INLA detonated a bomb on a train outside the Lanyon Place railway station, injuring seven RUC officers and two members of the train station's staff, and badly damaging a number of carriages.[41]
  • 7 DecemberAttack on Ballygawley barracks: the IRA launched an assault on the RUC barracks in Ballygawley, County Tyrone. Two RUC officers were killed and the barracks was completely destroyed.[42]

1986[edit]

  • 1 January – The IRA's South Armagh Brigade remotely detonated a bomb in a bin that killed two RUC officers on foot patrol when they passed by it.[43]
  • 11 AugustAttack on RUC Birches barracks: The East Tyrone Brigade destroyed the RUC barracks at The Birches with a 200 lb. bomb driven in a JCB digger, near Portadown.[44][45][46]
  • 28 August – The INLA claimed responsibility for bomb attacks across Northern Ireland: two car bombs exploded outside RUC bases in Newry and Downpatrick, a third bomb exploded in a disused factory in Derry, and a fourth was found under an RUC officer's car in Antrim.[47]
  • 29 August – The INLA detonated a small bomb in the centre of Antrim.
  • 30 August – The INLA detonated a bomb at a pub in Antrim.
  • 7 November – Two bombs planted by the Ulster Freedom Fighters (UFF) exploded in garbage cans on Dublin's main street but caused no deaths or injuries, and two others were found and defused. The following day a UFF spokesman said the UFF had "the potential to cause death & destruction" & that "the warning should not go on unheeded".[48][49]
  • 11 November – Eleven hoax bomb warnings at various businesses in Dublin's Grafton Street and Dawson Street caused large disruptions in the city. The UFF is believed to be behind the hoaxes.[50]

1987[edit]

  • 8 NovemberRemembrance Day bombing: 11 civilians were killed and sixty-three injured by an IRA bomb during a Remembrance Day service in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh. One of those killed was Marie Wilson; in a BBC interview, her father Gordon (who was injured in the attack) expressed forgiveness towards his daughter's killer, and asked Loyalists not to seek revenge. He became a leading peace campaigner and was later elected to the Irish Senate. He died in 1995.[51]

1988[edit]

1989[edit]

1990[edit]

  • 9 April – Four UDR soldiers were killed when the IRA detonated a bomb in a culvert under their patrol vehicle in Downpatrick, County Down. The bomb contained over 1,000 lb (450 kg) of explosive and was so powerful that the vehicle was blown into a nearby field.[53][54]
  • 25 JuneCarlton Club bombing: A bomb exploded at the Carlton Club in London, injuring 20 people. Donald Kaberry died of his injuries on 13 March 1991.
  • 20 July – The IRA bombed the London Stock Exchange.[55]
  • 30 July – Conservative MP Ian Gow was killed by a car bomb outside his house near Eastbourne.[citation needed]
  • 6 SeptemberRFA Fort Victoria bombing: The IRA planted two bombs aboard the Royal Fleet Auxiliary replenishment ship RFA Fort Victoria. One of them exploded, disabling the ship that had been constructed in Belfast and launched some weeks before. The second bomb failed to go off and was found and defused 15 days later.
  • 24 October – The IRA delivered three proxy bombs to British Army checkpoints. Three men (who were working with the British Army) were tied into cars loaded with explosives and ordered to drive to each checkpoint. Each bomb was remotely detonated. The first exploded at a checkpoint in Coshquin, killing the driver and five soldiers; the second exploded at a checkpoint in Killean, with the driver narrowly escaping and a soldier killed; and the third failed to detonate.[56]

1991[edit]

  • 3 February – The IRA launched a proxy bomb attack on a UDR base in Magherafelt, County Londonderry. The bomb caused major damage to the base and nearby houses, but the driver escaped before it exploded.
  • 7 FebruaryDowning Street mortar attack: The IRA launched a mortar attack on 10 Downing Street during a cabinet meeting with one mortar shell exploding in the garden, causing minor injuries to two people and two further shells landing nearby.
  • 18 February – An IRA bomb detonated in a litter bin at Victoria Station, London, killing a man and injuring 38 other people. An earlier bomb at Paddington Station caused no casualties. These bombs influenced the removal of litter bins on station platforms.[57][58]
  • 31 MayGlenanne barracks bombing: The IRA launched a large truck bomb attack on a UDR barracks in County Armagh. Three soldiers were killed, while ten soldiers and four civilians were wounded.
  • 1 June – The IRA detonated a large 600 lb car bomb in the Loyalist village of Donaghcloney, destroying some homes. Four were completely destroyed, but the occupants were unharmed. The village was home to former Glenanne gang member and UVF leader Robin Jackson.
  • 27–28 July – The UFF exploded seven incendiary devices in a number of shops in the Republic of Ireland. There were no injuries.[59]
  • 2 November – Two British soldiers were killed when the IRA detonated a bomb at Musgrave Park British Army hospital in Belfast. A two-storey building was destroyed by the blast.[60]
  • 15 November – An IRA bomb detonated in St Albans City Centre in Hertfordshire. Two fatalities, both members of the IRA (Patricia Black and Frankie Ryan), were the only casualties.[61]
  • 14–15 December – Three firebombs exploded at the Brent Cross Shopping Centre in north-west London on the 14th, and another in the National Gallery on the 15th.[62]
  • 16 December – A trackside bomb near Clapham Junction railway station in south London, followed by hoax telephone warnings, disrupted travel in the city.[62]

1992[edit]

  • 17 JanuaryTeebane bombing: A 600 lb (270 kg) (1,500 lb (680 kg) per another source[63]) roadside bomb detonated by the IRA destroyed a van and killed eight construction workers (one of them a Territorial Army soldier) on their way back from Lisanelly British Army barracks in Omagh, County Tyrone, where they were making repairs. Another eight were wounded.[64]
  • 10 AprilBaltic Exchange bombing: A van loaded with one ton of home-made explosives went off outside the building of the Baltic Exchange company, at 30 St Mary Axe, London, killing three people and injuring another 91.[65] The bomb caused £800 million worth of damage.[66] Three hours later, a similar sized bomb exploded at the junction of the M1 and the North Circular Road at Staples Corner in north London, causing substantial damage but no injuries. Both bombs were placed in vans and were home-made rather than Semtex; each weighed several hundred pounds.[67]
  • 1 MayAttack on Cloghoge checkpoint: The IRA used a modified van that ran on railway tracks to launch an unconventional bomb attack on a British Army checkpoint in South Armagh. The checkpoint was obliterated when the 1,000 kg bomb exploded, killing one soldier and injuring 23.
  • 12 May1992 Coalisland riots: After a small IRA bomb attack on a British Army patrol in the village of Cappagh, in which a paratrooper lost both legs, British soldiers raided two public houses and caused considerable damage in the nearby town of Coalisland. Five days later, the conflict became a fist-fight between soldiers and local inhabitants. Shortly thereafter, another group of British paratroopers arrived and fired on a crowd of civilians and injured seven. Two soldiers were hospitalized.
  • 18 June1992 Leeds bombing: The INLA planted nine devices in Leeds city centre. Only four of the devices managed to explode; the rest were either found and defused, or failed to go off. £50,000 of damage was incurred from the four devices that went off.
  • 19 SeptemberForensic Science Laboratory bombing: The IRA detonated a 3,700 lb bomb[68] at the Northern Ireland forensic science laboratory in south Belfast. The laboratory was obliterated, 700 houses were damaged, and 20 people were injured.[69] 490 owners and occupiers claimed damages.[70]
  • 13 October – The IRA detonated a bomb at lunchtime in The Sussex Pub in Long Acre, Covent Garden, London. Five people were seriously injured.
  • 21 October – The IRA detonated a 200 lb bomb, causing large amounts of damage to nearby buildings, in Main Street, Bangor, County Down.[71]
  • 13 November – The IRA detonated a large van bomb in Coleraine town centre. Extensive property damage was caused, resulting in several major buildings being demolished, but no casualties. Coleraine Town Hall required major structural work, and was not reopened until August 1995.
  • 3 December – In Manchester, a car bomb was found behind Kendalls. Later that morning, after other threats of other bombs including the Arndale Centre, a bomb was detonated on Cateaton Street. 59 people were injured.[citation needed]
  • 10 December – The UFF carried out seven firebomb attacks on shops in Dublin, Moville, and Buncrana in the Republic of Ireland.[72]

1993[edit]

  • 4 February – Two IRA bombs exploded in London: one at the South Kensington tube station and another on a Network Southeast train at the Kent House railway station in Beckenham. Bank and Monument stations in the City of London were also closed by telephoned bomb warnings.[73]
  • 7 March – The IRA detonated a 500 lb car bomb in Main Street, Bangor, County Down. Four RUC officers were injured in the explosion; the cost of the damage was later estimated at £2 million, as there was extensive damage to retail premises and Trinity Presbyterian Church, as well as minor damage to the local Church of Ireland Parish Church and First Bangor Presbyterian Church.[71]
  • 20 MarchWarrington bombings: after a telephoned warning, the IRA detonated two bombs in Cheshire, England. Two children were killed and 56 people were wounded. There were widespread protests in Britain and the Republic of Ireland following the deaths.[74]
  • 24 April1993 Bishopsgate bombing: After a telephoned warning, the IRA detonated a large bomb in Bishopsgate, London. It killed one civilian, wounded 30 others, and caused an estimated £350 million in damage.[75]
  • 6 July – A large IRA bomb said to contain 1,500 lbs of explosive caused widespread damage to the centre of Newtownards, County Down. Seven people were injured.[76]
  • 2 October - 1993 Finchley Road bombings: Three IRA time bombs exploded on Finchley Road in north London.[77]
  • 23 OctoberShankill Road bombing: eight civilians, one UDA member, and one IRA member were killed, and another IRA member was injured when an IRA bomb prematurely exploded at a fish shop on Shankill Road, Belfast.
  • 24 October – Bombs exploded at Reading railway station (trackside and in a station toilet). A bomb was discovered at Basingstoke railway station and there were telephoned warnings of other devices planted at the Waterloo and Guildford railway stations. The rail network was extensively disrupted.[78]

1994[edit]

  • 5 January – Two members of the Irish Army bomb disposal unit were injured when a parcel bomb sent by the UVF to the Sinn Féin offices in Dublin exploded during examination at the Cathal Brugha Barracks.[79]
  • 24 January – Incendiary devices that had been planted by the UFF were found at a school in Dundalk in County Louth and at a postal sorting office in Dublin.[citation needed]
  • 9–13 MarchHeathrow mortar attacks: On 9, 11, and 13 March, the IRA fired improvised mortar bombs on to the runway at Heathrow Airport. There were no deaths or injuries.
  • 20 April – The Provisional IRA Derry Brigade fired a mortar bomb at a RUC landrover, killing one RUC officer and injuring two others.
  • 29 July – More than 40 people were injured when the IRA fired three mortar bombs into the Newry RUC base. 30 civilians, seven RUC officers and three British soldiers were among those injured.[citation needed]
  • 12 September1994 Dublin-Belfast train bombing: The UVF planted a bomb on the Belfast-Dublin train. At Connolly station, the bomb only partially exploded, slightly injuring two women.[80][81]

1996[edit]

  • 9 February1996 Docklands bombing: the IRA bombed the Docklands in London. The bomb killed two civilians.[82]
  • 18 FebruaryAldwych bus bombing: Edward O'Brien, an IRA volunteer, died on when an improvised explosive device he was carrying detonated prematurely on a number 171 bus in Aldwych, central London.[83][84] The 2 kg semtex bomb detonated as he stood near the door of the bus.[85] A pathologist found O'Brien was killed "virtually instantaneously", while other passengers and the driver (left permanently deaf) were injured in the explosion.
  • 15 June1996 Manchester bombing: the IRA detonated a bomb in Manchester, England. It destroyed a large part of the city centre and injured over 200 people. To date, it is the largest bomb to be planted on the British mainland since World War II. Several buildings were damaged beyond repair and had to be demolished.[86]
  • 7 October – The IRA detonated two car bombs at the British Army headquarters in Thiepval Barracks, Lisburn. One soldier was killed and 31 injured.

1998[edit]

  • 24 JuneNewtownhamilton bombing: The INLA detonated a 200 lb car bomb in Newtownhamilton, injuring six people and causing substantial damage estimated at £2 million.[87]
  • 1 August1998 Banbridge bombing: A dissident republican group calling itself the Real Irish Republican Army (RIRA) detonated a bomb in Banbridge, County Down, injuring 35 people and causing extensive damage.
  • 15 July – A package addressed to a Dublin hotel, which was believed to have been sent by the LVF, exploded while it was being examined at the Garda Technical Bureau in Dublin. Two were injured in the blast.[88]
  • 15 AugustOmagh bombing: the RIRA detonated a bomb in Omagh, County Tyrone. It killed 29 civilians.

1999[edit]

2001[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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