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List of bumblebee species

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The list presented here is a checklist of global bumblebee[1] species (Tribe Bombini) based on the Bombus phylogeny presented by Cameron et al (2007)[2] and grouped by subgenus following the revision of Williams et al (2008).[3] The bumblebee fossil record extends back to the Late Eocene in North America and England with the most diversity of fossils found during the Miocene. The fossil species were discussed and revised by Dehon et al (2019).[4]

Genus Bombus[edit]

Subgenus Alpigenobombus[edit]

Bombus wurflenii

Subgenus Alpinobombus[edit]

Subgenus Bombias[edit]

Bombus nevadensis

Subgenus Bombus (sensu stricto)[edit]

Bombus cryptarum
Bombus lucorum

Subgenus Cullumanobombus[edit]

Subgenus Kallobombus[edit]

Bombus soroeensis subsp. proteus

Subgenus Megabombus[edit]

Bombus consobrinus

Subgenus Melanobombus[edit]

Bombus cerdanyensis
Bombus lapidarius

Subgenus Mendacibombus[edit]

Bombus beskonakensis fossil

Subgenus Orientalibombus[edit]

Subgenus †Paraelectrobombus[edit]

Bombus patriciae holotype

Subgenus Psithyrus[edit]

Bombus barbutellus
Bombus campestris
Bombus rupestris

Subgenus Pyrobombus[edit]

Bombus pratorum (male)
Bombus jonellus

Subgenus Sibiricobombus[edit]

Bombus niveatus

Subgenus Subterraneobombus[edit]

Bombus pascuorum

Subgenus Thoracobombus[edit]

Bombus schrencki
Bombus sylvarum
Bombus veteranus
Bombus vetustus
holotype male
Calyptapis florissantensis
paratype female
Oligobombus cuspidatus
holotype forewing

Subgenus incertae sedis[edit]

Genus †Calyptapis[edit]

Genus †Oligobombus[edit]


  1. ^ Williams, P. H. (1998). "An annotated checklist of bumble bees with an analysis of patterns of description (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Bombini)". Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, Entomology Series. 67: 79–152.
  2. ^ Cameron, S. A.; Hines, H. M.; Williams, P. H. (2007). "A comprehensive phylogeny of the bumble bees (Bombus)". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 91: 161–188. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2007.00784.x.
  3. ^ Williams, P. H.; Cameron, S. A.; Hines, H. M.; Cederberg, B.; Rasmont, P. (2008). "A simplified subgeneric classification of the bumblebees (genus Bombus)" (PDF). Apidologie. 39: 1–29. doi:10.1051/apido:2007052. S2CID 3489618.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Dehon, M.; Engel, M.; Gérard, M.; Aytekin, A.; Ghisbain, G.; Williams, P.; Rasmont, P.; Michez, D. (2019). "Morphometric analysis of fossil bumble bees (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Bombini) reveals their taxonomic affinities". ZooKeys (891): 71–118. doi:10.3897/zookeys.891.32056 (inactive 31 January 2024).{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of January 2024 (link)
  5. ^ a b Bombus occidentalis and Bombus terricola are sometimes considered the same species.
  6. ^ Prokop, J.; Dehon, M.; Michez, D.; Engel, M. S. (2017). "An Early Miocene bumble bee from northern Bohemia (Hymenoptera, Apidae)". ZooKeys (710): 43–63. Bibcode:2017ZooK..710...43P. doi:10.3897/zookeys.710.14714. PMC 5674177. PMID 29118643.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Williams, P.; Altanchimeg, D.; Byvaltsev, A.; De Jonghe, R.; Jaffar, S.; Japoshvili, G.; Kahono, S.; Liang, H.; Mei, M.; Monfared, A.; Nidup, T.; Raina, R.; Ren, Z.; Thanoosing, C.; Zhao, Y.; Orr, M. (2020). "Widespread polytypic species or complexes of local species? Revising bumblebees of the subgenus Melanobombus world-wide (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Bombus)". European Journal of Taxonomy (719): 1–120. doi:10.5852/ejt.2020.719.1107. S2CID 224964830.
  8. ^ Dehon, M.; Michez, D.; Nel, A.; Engel, M. S.; De Meulemeester, T. (2014). "Wing Shape of Four New Bee Fossils (Hymenoptera: Anthophila) Provides Insights to Bee Evolution". PLOS ONE. 9 (10): 1–16. Bibcode:2014PLoSO...9j8865D. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0108865. PMC 4212905. PMID 25354170.
  9. ^ Pierre Rasmont; A. Murat Aytekin; Osman Kaftanoglu & Didier Flagothier. "Bombus (Melanobombus) erzurumensis (Özbek, 1990)". Université de Mons.
  10. ^ a b Bombus centralis and Bombus flavifrons are sometimes considered the same species.
  11. ^ Bombus melanopygus has two color forms, one of which was historically treated as a species: Bombus edwardsii.
  12. ^ a b Miller, Nathan G. (2010). The Bumble Bees of Algonquin Park: A Field Guide. Toronto: Toronto Entomologists' Association. pp.22.
  13. ^ Cameron, S. A.; Williams, P. H. (24 July 2002). "Phylogeny of bumble bees in the New World subgenus Fervidobombus (Hymenoptera: Apidae): congruence of molecular and morphological data" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 28 (3): 552–563. doi:10.1016/s1055-7903(03)00056-3. PMID 12927138. Retrieved 5 November 2015.