List of burials at Nikolskoe Cemetery

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Monuments of the Nikolskoe Cemetery and the Church of St. Nicholas.

Nikolskoe Cemetery (Russian: Никольское кладбище) is part of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra in the centre of Saint Petersburg, and contains a large number of burials as well as monuments and memorials to notable figures in Russian Imperial history, as well as those of Soviet and post-Soviet times.

The cemetery, opened in 1863, was the third cemetery in the monastery complex, after the original Lazarevskoe Cemetery in the 1710s, and the Tikhvin Cemetery in 1823.[1] It became known as the Nikolskoe after the construction of the Church of St. Nicholas between 1868 and 1871 to the design of diocesan architect Grigory Karpov.[1][2] From its inception burial there was restricted to the elite of society, the monastery's Spiritual Council noting that "the Lavra cemetery is not open to everyone, as are the city cemeteries, but only a few persons from the government service and persons with honorary titles are buried here."[2] Part of the cemetery also served as the burial site for the Monastery's monks and the metropolitans of St. Petersburg, leading to the name Bratskoe (Russian: Братское), or "Brotherhood" section.[3] Wealthy patrons commissioned large chapels and crypts, with elaborate decorations and reliefs from prominent artists such as Nikolai Laveretsky [ru], Ivan Podozerov [ru], Robert Bach [ru] and Ivan Schroeder [ru].[1]

Despite this the cemetery was not considered to have any particular artistic or historical value during the Soviet period. It was closed in 1927 and sporadic efforts were made during the 1930s and 1940s to eliminate it, with the graves of several prominent figures were transferred to the Lazarevskoe, Tikhvin and Volkovo cemeteries; including Vera Komissarzhevskaya, Ivan Goncharov, Anton Rubinstein and Boris Kustodiev.[1][2] Other graves were lost or destroyed.[3] The Church of St Nicholas was closed in 1932, and the cemetery fell into neglect.[4]

The Nikolskoe Cemetery was restored and landscaped in the 1970s, with a columbarium built between 1979 and 1980.[3] The cemetery church was repaired and reconsecrated on 22 April 1985.[1][4] Burials resumed in the late 1970s, and since 1989 a comprehensive restoration of monuments has been underway.[1][3]

Burials and monuments[edit]

Image Name Born Died Occupation Monument Reference
Abarinova.jpg Antonina Abarinova 1842 1901 Opera singer, contralto, mezzo-soprano, Mariinsky Theatre, Alexandrinsky Theatre [5]
Shakhovskaya 3438464314 f17e5201c3 o.jpg Vsevolod Abramovich 1890 1913 Аviation pioneer, test pilot, altitude and endurance records [6]
Аверкиев Д.В.jpg Dmitry Averkiyev 1836 1905 Playwright, theatre critic, novelist, publicist and translator. Frol Skorbeyev and Old Times in Kashira [7]
Dmitry Bagration 1863 1919 Army officer, general and military writer. First World War, Caucasian Native Cavalry Division, Kornilov affair, Red Army, High Cavalry School [8]
Batushkov FD.jpg Fyodor Batyushkov 1857 1920 Philologist, editor (Kosmopolis, Mir Bozhy), literary critic, theatre and literary historian. [9]
Alexei Birilev.jpg Aleksei Birilev 1844 1915 Naval officer, admiral, member of the State Council, Minister of the Navy [10]
Mikhayl Ivanovich Brusnev.jpg Mikhail Brusnev 1864 1937 Explorer, Bolshevik activist, 1901 arctic expedition. Eduard von Toll, Aleksandr Kolchak. Лавра Могила Бруснев 1.jpg [11]
Grigory Butakov cropped.jpeg Grigory Butakov 1820 1882 Naval officer, admiral, Crimean War. Steam-powered ship tactics, New Principles of Steamboat Tactics, Demidov Prize, State Council Лавра Могила Бутаков.jpg [12]
Architect Nikolay Chagin.jpg Nikolai Chagin 1823 1909 Architect, Vilnius, Crimea. Byzantine Revival, Nativity Cathedral, Riga, Cathedral of the Theotokos, Vilnius. Nikolay Chagin grave.JPG [13]
Feoktistov Eugeny (1828-1898).jpg Evgeny Feoktistov 1828 1898 Journalist, editor, historian, state official. Russkaya Rech. [14]
Dmitry Filippov.JPG Dmitry Filippov 1944 1998 Statesman, political and public figure, industrialist, member of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union, supervisor of industry of the Leningrad Regional Committee of the Communist Party, head of State Tax Inspection in St. Petersburg. [15]
S.K.Gershelman.jpg Sergei Gershelman 1854 1910 Army officer, general, Russo-Japanese War, Governor-General of Moscow. [16]
Golitsyn Boris.jpg Boris Golitsyn 1862 1916 Physicist, inventor of the electromagnetic seismograph, seismologist, president of the International Seismology Association, member of the Royal Society. [17]
GolitsynGS.jpg Grigory Golitsyn 1838 1907 Military officer, statesman, Caucasian War, Governor of Uralsk Oblast; Governor of Transcaucasia. [18]
Grigorovich Ivan Konstantionovich.jpg Ivan Grigorovich 1853 1930 Naval officer, admiral, Minister of the Navy, Russo-Japanese War, First World War, member of the State Council. Initially buried in France, reburied in the family vault in the Nikolskoe Cemetery in 2005. Поворот Склеп.jpg [19]
Stamps of Kazakhstan, 2012-12.jpg Lev Gumilyov 1912 1992 Historian, ethnologist, anthropologist and Persian translator. Ethnogenesis, historiosophy, eurasianism. [20]
Iritskaya Nataliya Alexandrovna.jpg Natalia Iretskaya 1845 1922 Singer and teacher, Saint Petersburg Conservatory. Лавра Могила Ирецкая 1.jpg [21]
Aleksandra Ishimova 1805 1881 Translator, children's author. Little Star, Rays of Light, History of Russia in Stories for Children, Demidov Prize. [22]
Якоби А Н работы В П Верещагина.jpg Alexandra Jacobi 1841 1918 Journalist, memoirist and publicist, translator and publisher. [23]
Nikolay Nikolayevich Karazin.jpg Nikolay Karazin 1842 1908 Military officer, painter and writer. Imperial Academy of Arts, January Uprising, Russo-Turkish War. Nikolay Karazin grave.JPG [24]
Карнович Евгений Петрович.jpg Evgeny Karnovich 1823 1885 Writer, historian, journalist and editor. Sovremennik, Golos. [25]
Кенель Василий Александрович.jpg Vasily Kenel 1834 1893 Architect. St Petersburg Academy of Arts, Ciniselli Circus, Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich of Russia, Vladimir Palace. Vasily Kenel grave.JPG [26]
Fyodor Kokoshkin.jpeg Fyodor Kokoshkin 1871 1918 Lawyer and politician, State Duma deputy, a founding member of the Constitutional Democratic Party, Controller general of the Provisional Government. [27]
Koksharov n.i..jpg Nikolay Koksharov 1818 1893 Mineralogist, crystallographer, army officer, major general. Nikolay Koksharov grave.JPG [28]
Kondratenko.jpg Roman Kondratenko 1857 1904 Army officer, general, Russo-Japanese War, Siege of Port Arthur Лавра Могила Кондратенко-2.jpg [29]
Koni, Fjodor Alekseevich.jpg Fyodor Koni 1809 1889 Dramatist, theatre critic and literary historian, editor and memoirist [30]
N A Kotlyarevsky.jpg Nestor Kotlyarevsky 1863 1925 Author, publicist, literary critic and historian. Moscow University, The Nineteenth Century Лавра Могила Котляревский 1.jpg [31]
Maxim Kovalevsky.jpg Maksim Kovalevsky 1851 1916 Sociologist, president of the International Institute of Sociology, Psycho-Neurological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences. Maksim Kovalevsky grave.JPG [32]
Koyalovich.jpeg Mikhail Koyalovich 1828 1891 Theologian, historian, translator, Archaeological Commission. Tomb of Koyalovich.jpg [33]
Nikolai linevitch.jpg Nikolai Linevich 1839 1908 Military officer, General of Infantry, Russo-Turkish War, Boxer Rebellion, Battle of Peking, Russo-Japanese War. [34]
Mirra lochvitzkaya.jpg Mirra Lokhvitskaya 1869 1905 Poet, Pushkin Prize, the "Russian Sappho", Silver Age of Russian Poetry. Mirra Lokhvitskaya grave.JPG [35]
Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary B82 39-3.jpg Aleksandr Lopukhin 1852 1904 Bible commentator, Lopukhin Bible. [36]
Askold Makarov 1925 2000 Ballet dancer and professor, leading soloist at the Kirov Ballet, director of the Saint-Petesburg State Academic Ballet, USSR State Prize, People's Artist of the USSR [37]
Konstantin Makovsky-Self-Portrait-1856.jpg Konstantin Makovsky 1839 1915 Painter, Peredvizhniki. Beneath the Crown, representative of Academic art. [38]
RUSMARKA-1801.jpg Mikhail Malofeyev 1956 2000 Military officer, general, missing in Grozny, Chechnya. Posthumous Hero of Russia. [39]
Boleslav Mikhailovich Markevich.jpg Boleslav Markevich 1822 1884 Writer, essayist, journalist, and literary critic; author of Marina of the Aluy Rog, A Quarter of a Century Ago, The Turning Point and The Void. Boleslav Markevich grave.JPG [40]
Алексей Ефимович Мазуренко (cropped).jpg Aleksey Mazurenko 1917 2004 Military officer, aviator, Second World War, twice Hero of the Soviet Union [41]
Mikeshin by Repin.jpg Mikhail Mikeshin 1835 1896 Artist, House of Romanov, Imperial Academy of Arts, Millennium of Russia, "Orthodoxy, Autocracy, and Nationality". Mikhail Mikeshin grave.JPG [42]
Михайловский Константин Яковлевич.jpg Konstantin Mikhaylovsky 1834 1909 Engineer, Alexander Railway Bridge, Novomariinsky Canal, Volga–Baltic Waterway, railways, Actual Privy Councillor. [43]
Vasily Minakov 1921 2016 Military officer, naval aviation pilot, Second World War, Major General of Aviation, Hero of the Soviet Union [44]
Nelidov Alexandr (1835-1910).jpg Aleksandr Nelidov 1835 1910 Diplomat, Russo-Turkish War, Treaty of San Stefano and Treaty of Berlin. Ambassador to Saxony, Italy and France. 1907 Hague Peace Conference. [45]
Nikodim (Rotov) 1963b.jpg Nikodim 1929 1978 Russian Orthodox metropolitan of Leningrad and Novgorod, World Council of Churches, Second Vatican Council [46]
Обручев Николай Николаевич.jpg Nikolai Obruchev 1830 1904 Military officer, general staff officer, military statistician, planner and chief of the Main Staff. Voyenny Sbornik, Russo-Turkish War. [47]
Володимир Підвисоцький.jpg Volodymyr Pidvysotskyi 1857 1913 Pathologist, endocrinologist, immunologist and microbiologist. Institute of Experimental Medicine, until his death Member of the Paris Anatomical Society and Member of the Imperial Military Medical Academy [48]
Viacheslav Platonov 1939 2005 Volleyball player and coach. Avtomobilist Leningrad, coach of Russia men's national volleyball team, Volleyball Hall of Fame. [49]
Alexei Polivanov.jpg Alexei Polivanov 1855 1920 Military officer, infantry general, Minister of War, chief of the General Staff. Appointed to State Council. First World War, Red Army service. [50]
Alexander Presnyakov 1870 1929 Historian, Russian Academy of Sciences, Princely Law in Old Rus, The Tsardom of Muscovy , The Development of the State of Great Russia, revisionist biographies of Alexander I and Nicholas I. Institute of Historical Studies. Лавра Могила Пресняков.jpg [51]
Nikolay Rodin 1923 2003 Military officer, Soviet Air Force colonel, Hero of the Soviet Union, Second World War. [52]
Rozenheim Mikhail Pavlovich.jpg Mikhail Rosenheim 1820 1887 Poet, editor, publicist and translator. [53]
Sahda.jpg Mikhail Sado 1934 2010 Linguist, scholar, Professor of Semitic languages, orientalist, politician, former paratrooper, wrestling champion. [54]
Сазонов Николай Фёдорович.jpg Nikolai Sazonov 1834 1902 Stage actor, Alexandrinsky Theatre, Alexander Ostrovsky, The Seagull. [55]
Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary B82 59-5.jpg Sergey Shubinsky 1834 1913 Historian, journalist, military officer. Old and New Russia, Istorichesky Vestnik. Никольское Шубинский 2016-07-20.jpg [56]
Anatoly Sobchak.jpg Anatoly Sobchak 1937 2000 Politician, co-author of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, first democratically elected mayor of Saint Petersburg, mentor and teacher of Vladimir Putin and Dmitry Medvedev. Надгробие Анатолия Собчака.jpg [57]
Nicolai Soloviev 1846 1916 Music critic, composer, and teacher at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory. [58]
Galina Starovoytova 1946 1988 Dissident, politician and ethnographer. Надгробие Галины Старовойтовой.jpg [59]
Kramskoy Aleksej Suvorin.JPG Aleksey Suvorin 1834 1912 Newspaper and book publisher, journalist, Novoye Vremya, Istorichesky Vestnik. [60]
Ivan Ivanovich Tolstoy 1910s.jpg Ivan Tolstoy 1858 1916 Politician, Vice President of the Russian Imperial Academy of Arts, Minister of Education. [61]
Feofil Tolstoy.jpg Feofil Tolstoy 1809 1881 Composer, music critic and writer. [62]
Tzytovitch Erast Stepanovitch.jpg Erast Tsytovich 1830 1898 Military officer, general. 1849 Hungarian campaign, the Caucasian War, Russo-Turkish War, Imperial Military Council. [63]
Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary B82 55-4.jpg Boris Turayev 1868 1920 Ancient Near East scholar, Russian Academy of Sciences, University of St Petersburg [64]
Yury Tyukalov 1930 2018 Olympic rower, 1952 Summer Olympics, 1956 Summer Olympics, 1960 Summer Olympics [65]
Fyodor Uglov 1904 2008 Medical professional, oldest practicing surgeon in the world. Winter War, Second World War. Tomb of Uglov.jpg [66]
General of the Infantry Pyotr Vannovsky.jpg Pyotr Vannovsky 1822 1904 Statesman and military leader, general, Crimean War, Minister of War. [67]
Ivan A. Vsevolozhsky.jpeg Ivan Vsevolozhsky 1835 1909 Director of the Imperial Theatres, director of the Hermitage Museum. [68]
Anastasia vyaltseva 1.jpg Anastasia Vyaltseva 1871 1913 Mezzo-soprano, specializing in Gypsy art songs. Лавра Могила Вяльцева 2.jpg [69]
Zinovieva-Annibal 01.jpg Lydia Zinovieva-Annibal 1866 1907 Prose writer and dramatist, Silver Age of Russian Poetry. [70]
Lydia Zvereva diploma cr.jpg Lydia Zvereva 1890 1916 Aviator, first woman in Russia to earn a pilot's license. Air show competitor, aircraft manufacturer. [71]

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Coordinates: 59°55′17.04″N 30°23′29.04″E / 59.9214000°N 30.3914000°E / 59.9214000; 30.3914000