List of bus rapid transit systems

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This is a list of bus rapid transit (BRT) systems which are in operation or under construction. The term "BRT" has been applied to a wide range of bus services. In 2012, the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP) published a BRT Standard to make it easier to standardize and compare bus services. TransJakarta is the longest BRT route in the world, about 231 kilometres (144 mi) through Jakarta.

Blue articulated bus at a station
Marechal Floriano BRT station on Curitiba's RIT Green Line (Linha Verde)

Africa[edit]

Morocco[edit]

  • Marrakesh : Four lines, opened in November 2016

Nigeria[edit]

The Lagos Bus Rapid Transit System (Lagos BRT) is Africa's first. The Nigerian government is building a BRT system for the Lagos Metropolitan Area, and the project's first phase has been completed.[1] The first phase, from mile 12 through Ikorodu Road and Funsho Williams Aveğnue to CMS, was commissioned on March 17, 2008.

The Lagos Metropolitan Area Transport Authority (LAMATA) BRT corridor is about 22 kilometres long.[2] Two operators, NURTW Cooperative and the state-owned Lagos BRT, contributed about 180 high-capacity buses to the first phase. It is the world's most economical BRT, costing $1.6 million per km for the 22-km route.[citation needed] The first phase cost N4.5 billion (about US$35 million) and included elevated segregation barriers, road repairs on bus and service lanes, de-silting of blocked drainage channels, and bus stops.

South Africa[edit]

  • Cape Town: The city's MyCiTi system began operations in May 2010, just before the World Cup. Its first service was a shuttle from the airport to the central business district. The initial Phase 1A trunk and feeder services began operation in May 2011. The remaining Phase 1A construction was completed in 2014, and phase 1B construction was completed in 2015.[3]
  • George: The Go George BRT system began operation in August 2015.[4]
  • Johannesburg: The Rea Vaya ("We're moving") line opened its first phase (phase 1A) to the public on 30 August 2009, and BRT expansion is under construction; stations and roadworks are mainly completed or are in the final stages. The system was partially opened for the 2010 World Cup, with the full system linking most of Johannesburg from Soweto in the south to beyond Sandton in the north. Buses include those able to use the BRT stations and general bus stops, to be feeders for the network; others are articulated, and can only use BRT stations.[5][6] Like most transport projects, the system will be implemented in phases. Phase 1 of the estimated two-billion-rand projects has run articulated right-of-way buses along dedicated median bus lanes in both directions across Johannesburg since 2010, covering almost half the city.[5] The 120-km Phase 1 route includes 150 stations, eight terminals, and six depots. Phase 1A, consisting of a 40-km route with 48 stations, was completed in April 2009 (before the FIFA Confederations Cup); Phase 1B added 86 km and 102 stations to the system before the 2010 World Cup. According to the city's website, the system is fully integrated with other transport networks. Rea Vaya will not compete with other transport systems, such as the South African Rail Commuter Corporation or the Gautrain.[7]
  • Nelson Mandela Bay: A BRT system was implemented in the city for the 2010 World Cup.[8] Bus lanes have been built through the city, with buses built by Marcopolo.
  • Tshwane: Construction began in July 2012,[9] and the system was to be operational from five in the morning to midnight.[10]
  • Rustenburg: The Yarona ("It is ours") BRT system began with Phase 1A trunk and feeder services in 2016.[11]

Tanzania[edit]

Dar-es-Salaam has begun building a corridor for bus rapid transit, with 27 km constructed on Morogoro Road.

Uganda[edit]

A BRT system was introduced in Kampala in 2014. Pioneer Easy Buses Company began bus service in Kampala with about 100 buses acquired from China, each with a 60-passenger capacity (30 seated and 30 standing).[citation needed]

Americas[edit]

Argentina[edit]

City System name Lines Date opened Stations Length
Buenos Aires Metrobús Juan B. Justo 31 May 2011 21 12.5 km (7.8 mi)
9 de Julio 24 July 2013 17 3 km (1.9 mi)
Sur 14 August 2013 37 23 km (14 mi)
25 de Mayo 5 October 2015 0 7.5 km (4.7 mi)
San Martín 27 April 2016 12 5.8 km (3.6 mi)
Norte Etapa 2 24 November 2016 21 2.8 km (1.7 mi)
del Bajo 6 June 2017 25 2.9 km (1.8 mi)
Norte 17 June 2015 39 2.7 km (1.7 mi)
Vicente López Partido 2.2 km (1.4 mi)
La Matanza Partido Metrobús La Matanza 1 5 May 2017 17 10.3 km (6.4 mi)
Neuquén Metrobús Neuquén Under construction
Rosario Metrobús Rosario Norte 30 June 2016 6 1.8 km (1.1 mi)
Santa Fe Metrobús Santa Fe 1 3 May 2017 15 5.7 km (3.5 mi)
Tres de Febrero Partido Metrobús Tres de Febrero 1 6 October 2017 7 3.3 km (2.1 mi)

Brazil[edit]

Two articulated buses
RIT's double articulated buses servicing tube stations in downtown Curitiba
See caption
Passengers boarding a Transoeste articulated bus at the Barra da Tijuca terminal in Rio de Janeiro
Blue articulated bus at an airport stop
Transcarioca station at Galeão International Airport in Rio de Janeiro

Canada[edit]

Red bus at a station
The Ottawa Transitway, one of North America's largest BRT systems
Red-and-white articulated bus
OC Transpo in Ottawa
Blue bus at a station
YRT's Viva bus in York Region, north of Toronto

Chile[edit]

Colombia[edit]

City Name Began Lines Length Notes
Bogotá TransMilenio December 2000 12 113km
Cali MIO March 2009 6 49 km Phase I completed; phase II under construction
Medellín Metroplús 2011 2 12.5 km Line 2 opened 2013[18]
Barranquilla Transmetro April 2010 2 13.3 km
Bucaramanga Metrolinea February 2010 11 50 km
Pereira Megabús August 2006 3 27 km
Cartagena Transcaribe November 2015 17 15.3 km

Bogotá's segregated, four-lane TransMilenio system has a maximum peak-load capacity of 45,000 passengers per direction per hour (ppdph) on its busiest line.[19] The system uses modular median stations which serve both directions and enable prepaid, multiple-door, level boarding.[19] The average stop time is 24 seconds. Trunk-line terminals have integrated bicycle parking; the fare card opens a gate to a secure bicycle-parking area. Two lanes in each direction permit "Quickways" (local service on the inside lane combined with express service, skipping four or five stations at a time).[20] TransMilenio was described as a "model BRT system" in the National Bus Rapid Transit Institute's May 2006 report. It serves Bogotá with high-capacity, articulated, three-door buses. Bi-articulated buses are used on the busiest routes, and a smart card system is used for fare collection. Despite its large capacity, Transmilenio has problems with overcrowding.[21]

Ecuador[edit]

Green-and-white articulated bus leaving an underpass
The Quito trolleybus system has lines running on exclusive BRT lanes with underpass crossings.
  • Quito: El Trole is a trolleybus BRT system operated by Compañía Trolebús Quito. Plans exist to convert the northernmost portion of the system to light rail. Ecovía and Metrobus diesel BRT lines have several subsystems: Trolebús (Corredor Trole), Ecovía (Corredor Ecovía), Metrobús (Corredor Central Norte), Corredor Sur Oriental and Corredor Sur Occidental. Trolebús electric trolley buses can also operate on gas. Except for local routes, all buses are articulated.
  • Guayaquil: Several Metrovia routes have been built, and one is under construction. Except for local routes, all buses are articulated.

Guatemala[edit]

Guatemala City's Transmetro has two lines and 32 stations. The first line opened February 3, 2007, and crosses Avenue Aguilar Batres from Villa Nueva to the city. The second line began operation on August 12, 2010, and crosses 6th and 7th Avenues in a one-way-per-avenue scheme.

Mexico[edit]

Modern bus station
Amistad station of the SITT BRT system in Tijuana

In alphabetical order by city:

Peru[edit]

  • Lima: El Metropolitano is Peru's first mass transit system implemented in several decades. It runs from the northern district of Independencia to the southern district of Chorrillos, on roads such as Avenida Paseo de la Republica, Av. Alfonso Ugarte and Av. Tupac Amaru.
  • Arequipa: Mistibus is under construction.
  • Trujillo: under construction

United States[edit]

Venezuela[edit]

Asia[edit]

Afghanistan[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

China[edit]

More than 30 projects are being implemented or studied in China's large cities. In the following table, BRT systems in light blue are under construction. Kunming developed the country's first BRT system in 1999.[33]

BRT systems in China
System Chinese name Acronym City Began Main lines Stations[a] Length (km)[b] Notes
Hangzhou BRT 杭州BRT HZBRT Hangzhou 2006 2 50 55.4
Beijing BRT 北京BRT BJBRT Beijing 2004 4 60 54
Kunming BRT 昆明BRT KMBRT Kunming 1999 5 63 46
Changzhou BRT 常州BRT CZBRT Changzhou 2008 2 51 44
Xiamen BRT 厦门BRT XMBRT Xiamen 2008 3 31 40 [c]
Jinan BRT 济南BRT JNBRT Jinan 2008 2 46 34
Zaozhuang BRT 枣庄BRT ZZBRT Zaozhuang 2010 2 49 62
Zhengzhou BRT 郑州BRT ZZBRT Zhengzhou 2009 8 38 30
Guangzhou BRT 广州BRT GBRT Guangzhou 2010 1 26 22
Suzhou BRT 苏州BRT SZBRT Suzhou 2008 5 106 95
Dalian BRT 大连BRT DLBRT Dalian 2008 1 13 13
Chongqing BRT 重庆BRT CQBRT Chongqing 2008 1 9 11
Hefei BRT 合肥BRT HFBRT Hefei 2010 2 9 7
Yancheng BRT 盐城BRT YCBRT Yancheng 2010 2 24 16
Ürümqi BRT 乌鲁木齐BRT UMBRT Ürümqi 2011 4 66 42.2
Changde BRT 常德BRT CDBRT Changde 2012 1 25 20.9
Lianyungang BRT 连云港BRT LYGBRT Lianyungang 2012 1 29 34
Lanzhou BRT 兰州BRT LZBRT Lanzhou 2012 1 15 9.1
Yinchuan BRT 银川BRT YCBRT Yinchuan 2012 1 22 17
Chengdu BRT 成都BRT CDBRT Chengdu 2013 1 28 28.8
Nanchang BRT 南昌BRT NCBRT Nanchang
Shanghai Bus Route 71 上海公交71路 Shanghai Bus Route 71 Shanghai 2017 1 27 17.5 Operated using only electric buses.
Shenzhen BRT 深圳BRT SZBRT Shenzhen
Wuxi BRT 无锡BRT WXBRT Wuxi
Xi'an BRT 西安BRT XABRT Xi'an
Shenyang BRT 沈阳BRT SYBRT Shenyang
Wuhan BRT 武汉BRT WHBRT Wuhan
Shijiazhuang BRT 石家庄BRT SJZBRT Shijiazhuang
Harbin BRT 哈尔滨BRT HBBRT Harbin
  1. ^ Stations connected by transfers are counted as one station, unless otherwise noted.
  2. ^ Track length; lines which share track are counted once.
  3. ^ Portions (BRT 1 33.4 km, BRT 1 Interchange 18.7 km and BRT 2 15.3 km) are on dedicated, elevated roads.

India[edit]

See caption
Ahmedabad BRTS at night
Bus on a street
Jaipur BRTS

Government-designated BRT systems (BRTS) with segregated lanes:[34]

Without segregated lanes:

Under construction:

Iran[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

Israel[edit]

Japan[edit]

Bus with a driver on a guideway
Yutorīto Line

Jordan[edit]

Amman Bus Rapid Transit is under construction and expected to begin operation in 2018.[40] Phase one has three routes: Route 1 ( Mahatta to Sweileh, 15.46 km), Route 2 (Muhajireen to Sports City, 6.79 km) and Route 3 ( Mahatta to Customs Square, 7.88 km).

South Korea[edit]

Orange-and-white bus
Sejong BRT bus near Government Complex

Malaysia[edit]

Green-and-silver bus
RapidKL BYD K9 electric bus on an elevated guideway, separate from road traffic
  • BRT Sunway Line, Malaysia's first BRT system, is 5.4 km long and connects major areas of Bandar Sunway on a dedicated, elevated road. It is Asia's first electric BRT system.
  • Iskandar Malaysia BRT will be the second BRT system to be develop in Malaysia with 51 km in length consist of 3 trunk routes for Tebrau, Skudai and Iskandar Puteri corridors.

Pakistan[edit]

Two red articulated buses
Rawalpindi-Islamabad Metrobus in Islamabad

The Rawalpindi-Islamabad Metrobus system is 24 km long and has 24 stations. The buses run on segregated lanes in Islamabad (the capital) and on an elevated track in Rawalpindi, Pakistan's fourth-most-populous city. Daily ridership exceeds 150,000 passengers.

Lahore's Metrobus was the country's first BRT system. Metrobus operates a fleet of 86 buses,[44] which run on a 28.7-km corridor which includes Ferozepur Road, Model Town, Badshahi Mosque, Mozang Chungi and Gaddafi Stadium. Buses have an average speed of 26 km/h.[45] According to the Lahore Transport Company, Metrobus' daily ridership exceeds 180,000 and peak ridership is 10,000 passengers per direction per hour (ppdph).

Taiwan[edit]

Bus pulling into a stop
Chiayi BRT

Chiayi Bus Rapid Transit has two routes: 7211 (between Chiayi City Centre and Puzi) and 7212, between the Chiayi TRA station and the Chiayi HSR station.

Thailand[edit]

Modern green-and-yellow bus
Bus at the Sathon Terminus in Bangkok

The Bangkok BRT runs 16.5 kilometres from Sathon to Ratchapruek. The route begins at Sathon and runs along Narathiwat Ratchanakharin Road, turns right at Rama III Road, crosses the Chao Phraya River on the Rama III Bridge and follows Ratchadaphisek Road before turning right at Ratchahruek Road. At the Sathon-Narathiwat Ratchanakharin intersection, a walkway connects BRT Sathon and the BTS Chong Nonsi station. The system began operating on 15 May 2010 on a free-trial basis.

Vietnam[edit]

Green bus on a rainy day
Hanoi BRT 01 (Line 99) bus at the Kim Ma terminal

The 14.7-km Hanoi BRT system runs from the downtown Kim Mã terminal to the Yên Nghĩa terminal in Hanoi's southern suburbs. The line opened on 31 December 2016 with a one-month free trial. The system is a component of the Hanoi Urban Transport Development Project, which was approved by the Hanoi People's Committee in Decision 1837/QĐ-UBND on May 10, 2007. The World Bank-funded ODA project is a step in improving the city's urban transport network and increasing public-transport capacity.

Europe[edit]

Belgium[edit]

Germany[edit]

  • Essen: Guided buses use a busway in the center of a motorway.

Finland[edit]

Helsinki, Tampere and Turku have extensive bus-lane networks in their city centers.[46]

France[edit]

Light-blue articulated bus
Évéole bus in Douai

Paris region[edit]

  • Créteil TVM (fr:Trans-Val-de-Marne), operated by RATP, is a BRT system linking the RER A, B, C, D, Metro line 8 and tramway line T7 in Paris' southern suburbs. It was the second BRT system implemented in France during the 1980s; in Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, for political reasons, there are no bus lanes through the conservative city.
  • Créteil 393 (fr:Ligne de bus RATP 393) also operated by RATP, is an 11-km line which opened in 2011. Like the TVM, the line links the southern Paris suburbs in the département of Val de Marne. Line 393 shares the bus lane and stations with TVM for five kilometres, and serves Metro line 8 and recently-developed districts.
  • Corbeil-Essonnes TZen 1 (fr:Ligne 1 du T Zen) opened in 2011, connecting two branches of the RER D and providing public transport to Sénart's business and commercial parks.
  • Évry has a segregated, elevated system.

Netherlands[edit]

Spain[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Turkey[edit]

  • Istanbul: Metrobus, between Tuyap and Söğütlüçeşme, is Turkey's first full-service bus rapid transit system. It has a fully separated right-of-way (except crossing the Bosphorus Bridge) and off-bus fare collection.
  • Denizli: Mixed-traffic BRT system
  • Malatya: Trambus is a mixed-traffic BRT system with bi-articulated trolleybuses.

United Kingdom[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

Two yellow buses
The O-Bahn Busway in Adelaide, South Australia is one of the world's longest, fastest and most heavily-used guided busways.[citation needed]

New Zealand[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "BRT/BFS – Lagos State Transport Management". lamata-ng.com. Retrieved 2017-10-11.
  3. ^ "MyCiTi IRT: Project information". capetown.gov.za. Archived from the original on 2013-07-25. Retrieved 2013-08-01.
  4. ^ Malgas, Natalie (24 August 2015). "Full Fleet of Go George Buses to Hit the Roads Amid Tension". Eyewitness News.
  5. ^ a b BRT offers celebratory free rides on opening day M&G
  6. ^ Laura Tyrer. "REA VAYA BRT SYSTEM". Engineering News.
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  9. ^ Independent Newspapers Online. "BRT marches to Pretoria". Independent Online.
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  19. ^ a b Insititute for Transportation and Development Policy, Appendix 1 System Comparisons, BRT Planning Guide
  20. ^ FTA_ Commissioned report, Advanced Network Planning for Bus Rapid Transit The Quickway Model as a Modal Alternative to "Light Rail Lite"
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  32. ^ "Route 522". Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
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  47. ^ Evry, un réseau TCSP conçu en cohérence avec la ville nouvelle
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External links[edit]