List of butterflies of Ireland
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This is a list of Irish butterflies, past and present. Details on specific species are relevant to the Irish populations and some details may not be consistent with the species in other parts of its range.
|EX||Extinct||No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died.|
|EW||Extinct in the wild||Known only to survive in captivity or as a naturalized populations well outside its previous range.|
|CR||Critically endangered||The species is in imminent risk of extinction in the wild.|
|EN||Endangered||The species is facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.|
|VU||Vulnerable||The species is facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.|
|NT||Near threatened||The species does not meet any of the criteria that would categorise it as risking extinction but it is likely to do so in the future.|
|LC||Least concern||There are no current identifiable risks to the species.|
|DD||Data deficient||There is inadequate information to make an assessment of the risks to this species.|
- 1 Superfamily Hesperioidea
- 2 Superfamily Papilionoidea
- 2.1 Family Pieridae (whites)
- 2.2 Family Lycaenidae (gossamer-winged butterflies)
- 2.3 Family Nymphalidae (brush-footed butterflies)
- 3 Vagrant, adventive, extinct and intercepts and exotic species
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 Footnotes
- 7 External links
Family Hesperiidae (skippers)
Subfamily Hesperiinae (grass skippers)
- Essex skipper - Thymelicus lineola NE County Wexford only. Origin uncertain.
- Small skipper - Thymelicus sylvestris NE Confirmed in County Kildare in 2011 and 2012.
- Dingy skipper – Erynnis tages NT Mainly Midlands and West. The subspecies baynesi Huggins, 1956 is recorded from the Burren region of Co Clare and Galway. The populations elsewhere in Ireland are presumably the type subspecies.
- Wood white – Leptidea sinapis NT Confined to the Burren area of Co. Clare (here sympatric with Leptidea reali
- Cryptic wood white - Leptidea juvernica NE stat. nov. All regions of Ireland. Not known in Britain.
- Clouded yellow – Colias croceus LC Migrant.
- Brimstone – Gonepteryx rhamni LC Burren and Midlands. The Irish subspecies is gravesi Huggins, 1956
- Large white – Pieris brassicae LC
- Small white – Pieris rapae LC
- Green-veined white – Pieris napi LC The subspecies britannica (Muller & Kautz, 1939) is only found in Ireland. The British subspecies is sabellicae (Stephens, 1827)
- Orange tip – Anthocharis cardamines LC The Irish subspecies is hibernica (Williams, 1916)
Family Lycaenidae (gossamer-winged butterflies)
- Green hairstreak – Callophrys rubi LC Scattered distribution.
- Brown hairstreak – Thecla betulae LC Restricted to Burren and surrounding region.
- Purple hairstreak – Neozephyrus quercus LC Restricted to a few woodland sites.
- Small copper – Lycaena phlaeas LC The Irish subspecies is hibernica Goodson, 1948
- Small blue – Cupido minimus EN Few regions. Restricted to coastal dunes, limestone grasslands and quarries.
- Common blue – Polyommatus icarus LC The Irish subspecies is mariscolore (Kane, 1893)
- Holly blue – Celastrina argiolus LC More common in East and South.
Family Nymphalidae (brush-footed butterflies)
- Red admiral – Vanessa atalanta LC resident reinforced by migrant populations.
- Painted lady – Vanessa cardui LC Migrant.
- Small tortoiseshell – Aglais urticae LC
- Peacock – Inachis io LC
- Comma – Polygonia c-album NE rare. Sightings on North and South-east coasts.
Subfamily Heliconiinae (longwings)
- Pearl-bordered fritillary – Boloria euphrosyne EN Only found in the Burren
- Dark green fritillary – Argynnis aglaja VU Coastal species also inland in the Burren and Wicklow
- Silver-washed fritillary – Argynnis paphia LC Scattered throughout Ireland, more common in southern regions.
- Marsh fritillary – Euphydryas aurinia VU infrasubspecies hibernica Birchall, 1873. Throughout Ireland but mainly Central and West Ireland.
- Speckled wood – Pararge aegeria LC
- Wall – Lasiommata megera EN
- Grayling – Hipparchia semele NT Coastal and limestone districts. The Irish subspecies are clarensis de Lattin, 1952 (County Clare) and hibernica Howarth, 1971
- Gatekeeper – Pyronia tithonus NT Restricted to South and South-East coasts.
- Meadow brown – Maniola jurtina LC The Irish subspecies is iernes Graves, 1930
- Ringlet – Aphantopus hyperantus LC
- Small heath – Coenonympha pamphilus NT Scattered throughout Ireland.Prefers drier grassland on well-drained soils.
- Large heath – Coenonympha tullia VU Restricted to a few bogs.
Vagrant, adventive, extinct and intercepts and exotic species
- Pale clouded yellow – Colias hyale
- Berger's clouded yellow – Colias sareptensis
- Short-tailed blue – Cupido argiades NE (imported on fennel from Italy)
- Geranium bronze – Cacyreus marshalli NE (imported on geraniums)
- Camberwell beauty – Nymphalis antiopa NE
- Map – Araschnia levana NE (formerly introduced and bred)
- Queen of Spain fritillary – Issoria lathonia NE
- Monarch – Danaus plexippus NE
- American painted lady – Cynthia virginiensis NE
- Swallowtail – Papilio machaon NE
- Emmet, A.M., J. Heath et al. (Ed.), 1990. The Butterflies of Great Britain and Ireland. The Moths and Butterflies of Great Britain and Ireland Vol. 7 Part 1 (Hesperiidae to Nymphalidae). Harley Books, Colchester, UK. 370p.
- K. G. M. Bond, R. Nash and J. P. O’Connor, An Annotated Checklist of the Irish Butterflies and Moths (Lepidoptera)The Irish Biogeographical Society in association with The National Museum of Ireland, Dublin, 2006, 177 pp ISBN 0-9511514-9-5
- Harding, J. & Jacob, M. 2013 Addition of Small Skipper butterfly (Thymelicus sylvestris) to the Irish List and notes on the Essex Skipper (Thymelicus lineola) (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Irish Naturalists' Journal 32: 142-144
- Mazel, R. 2001. Leptidea sinapis L., 1758 - L. reali Reissinger, 1989, le point de la situation (Lepidoptera: Pieridae, Dismorphiinae) Linneana Belgica 18: 199-202.
- Nash,D., T. Boyd and D Hardiman. 2012. Ireland's Butterflies A Review. The Dublin Naturalists' Field Club, Dublin. 272 pp ISBN 978-0-9530037-2-3
- Wilson, C. J., Goodwin, J. & Bond, K. 2007. New Irish record of the small skipper butterfly Thymelicus sylvestris (Poda) (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Irish Naturalists’ Journal 28(9): 385-386).Erroneous and later corrected by the authors. Refers to Essex Skipper Thymelicus lineola.
- Barkham, Patrick (13 July 2011). "New species of butterfly flying in Northern Ireland". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
- Dincă, Vlad; Lukhtanov, Vladimir A.; Talavera, Gerard; Vila, Roger (30 April 2011). "Unexpected layers of cryptic diversity in wood white Leptidea butterflies" (PDF). Nature Communications. 2: 324. doi:10.1038/NCOMMS1329. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
- Peter Eeles The Irish Mountain Ringlet dispar online
- "Berger's Clouded Yellow". Butterfly Conservation. Archived from the original on 30 March 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- Irish Butterflies
- Butterflies and Moths of Northern Ireland
- Butterfly Ireland
- NHM Images of Ireland forms and subspecies on this site. Type Ireland into the search box.
- Wexford Naturalists' Field Club [permanent dead link] Essex Skipper
- Regan, E.C., Nelson, B., Aldwell, B., Bertrand, C., Bond, K., Harding, J., Nash, D.,Nixon, D. and Wilson, C.J. Ireland Red List No. 4: Butterflies[permanent dead link]
- Database of Irish Lepidoptera.1 Macrohabitats, microsites and traits of Noctuidae and butterflies