List of military clothing camouflage patterns

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1931 Splittertarnmuster (splinter pattern) first used for tents, then parachutists' jump smocks, and finally for infantry smocks

This is a list of military clothing camouflage patterns used for battledress. Military camouflage is the use of camouflage by a military force to protect personnel and equipment from observation by enemy forces. Textile patterns for uniforms have multiple functions, including camouflage, identifying friend from foe, and esprit de corps.[1]

The list is organized by pattern; only patterned textiles are shown. It includes current and past issue patterns, with dates; users may include armed, paramilitary, police, firefighting, search and rescue, counter-insurgency/counter-terrorism and other security forces and emergency services.

Patterns[edit]

Patterns
Name Family Image Issued Users
Australian Multicam Woodland Australian Army Public Relations Service combat photographer Afghanistan 2010.jpg 2014 Australia[2]
ABU Digital Tigerstripe ABU camouflage.jpg 2011 United States Air Force
Bundeswehr Tropentarn (3-Farb-Tarndruck) Flecktarn Tropentarn.png 1993 German Bundeswehr:[3] tropical battle dress uniform for desert and semi-arid regions (army and air force)
CADPAT Digital CADPAT digital camouflage pattern (Temperate Woodland variant).jpg 2002 Canada. Temperate variant shown.[4]
Camouflage Europe Centrale Woodland French Centre Europe camo.jpg 1991 France, Austria[5]
Desert Night Camouflage Desert night camouflage.JPG 1991 c. United States[6]
Disruptive Pattern Material DPM British dpm2.jpg 1969 Britain, DPM-95 shown. It replaced similar 1960 pattern DPM, introduced in 1969.[7] Replaced by Multi-Terrain Pattern. Iceland,[8] Indonesia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Philippines, Russia, Yemen.
Erbsenmuster Flecktarn Waffen-SS Camouflage (cropped).jpg 1944 Germany[9]
ERDL (M1948) Woodland ERDL Pattern.jpg 1967 Singapore Armed Forces[10]
Turkish Armed Forces late 1980s-1990s[11]
Flächentarnmuster, also called “Kartoffelmuster” (potato) or “Blumentarn” (flower) Flecktarn Flächentarn.jpg 1956-1967 East Germany: National People's Army[12]
Flecktarn Flecktarn Flecktarn.jpg 1990 Germany,[13] and at least 16 variants in different countries.
Albania;[14] Belgium;[15] China until 2007;[16] Denmark 3-color variant;[17] France;[18] India;[19] Japan;[20] Kyrgyzstan;[21] Poland;[22] Russia;[23] Greece, Ukraine.
Frog Skin/Spot Frog Skin Frog Skin camouflage pattern.jpg 1942 United States. Reversible: 5-color jungle one side, 3-color beach the other.[24] Also used by Turkey until 1980s in different colorways.[11]
Jigsaw Puzzle Drill platoon (226252212).jpg 1956 Belgium[25]
Leibermuster Leibermuster-1945.jpg 1945 Germany[26]
Lizard Lizard French lizard pattern camo.jpg 1947 France[27]
Many variants, both with horizontal stripes (Chad, Gabon, Rwanda, Sudan, Cuba, Congo, Greece) and with vertical stripes (Portugal 1963, then Egypt, Greece, India, Lebanese Palestinians, and Syria). Vietnam era Tigerstripe is a variant of Lizard.[27]
M05 Digital M05 woodland pattern.jpg 2007 c. Finland[28]
M84 Flecktarn M84camo.jpeg 1984 Denmark; 9 color variants.[29] Estonia:[30] France;[17][31][32] Latvia;[30] Lithuania;[30] Russia;[17] Sweden;[33] Turkey[34]
M90 Splinter Sweden M90 pattern.svg 1989[35] Sweden;[36] Latvia;[37]
MARPAT Digital MARPAT woodland pattern.jpg 2002 United States Marine Corps, based on CADPAT.[38][39]
MultiCam Woodland Multicam pattern.jpg 2002 U.S. Armed Forces,[40] Angola,[41] Brazil,[42] Australia,[43][44] Austria,[45] Denmark,[17][29] Montenegro,[46] New Zealand,[47] Panama,[48] South Korea,[49] Thailand,[50] Tunisia,[51] Turkish Navy[11]
Multi-Terrain Pattern MTP (MultiTerrainPattern) British Armed Forces Multi Terrain Pattern camouflage.jpg 2010 British Armed Forces[52]
Platanenmuster Flecktarn SS Platanenmuster Sommer.jpg 1937 Germany: summer (shown) and autumn variants.[9]
Rain pattern Rain Jehlici.JPG 1960 c. Warsaw Pact countries: Poland (“deszczyk”), Czechoslovakia (“jehliči”), East Germany (“Strichtarn”), and Bulgaria[53][54]

subsequent use: Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan

Rhodesian Brushstroke Brushstroke Rhodesian Brushstroke pattern.jpg 1965-1980 Rhodesia[55]
Six-Color Desert Pattern (Chocolate Chip) Chocolate Chip Six-Color Desert Pattern.jpg 1980s United States[56] Used by many other armies in many colour and pattern variations, including Argentina, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Kuwait, Niger, Paraguay, Peru, China, Egypt, Eritrea, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Libya, Pakistan, Philippines, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, South Korea, Spain, UAE, Yemen.[57]
Soldier 2000 Woodland Southafrica1.jpg 1994 South Africa[58]
Splittermuster Splinter Buntfarbenmuster 31 (Splittertarn).jpg 1931 Germany 1941–1944 (Wehrmacht, SS)[59]
Scorpion W2 (OCP) Woodland ScorpionW2.jpg 2015 United States, replacing Universal Camouflage Pattern.[60]
Tactical Assault Camouflage (TACAM) Woodland TACAMCAMO.PNG 2004 U.S. National Counterterrorism Center[61][62]
TAZ 90 Woodland TAZ 90 Camo pattern.jpg 1990s Switzerland[63]
Telo mimetico Woodland
precursor
Wartime Italian M1929.jpg 1929 Italy, for shelter-halves, then uniforms. Oldest mass-produced camouflage pattern.[64]
Tigerstripe Tigerstripe Jungle Combat Vietnam.jpg 1969 c. South Vietnam, US special forces in Vietnam. Based on Lizard. Many variants. Also used by Australia, New Zealand in Vietnam.[65][66]
Turkish pattern semi-Digital Turkish Pattern.jpg 2008 c. Turkish Armed Forces[67] 5 variants[11]
Type 99 (China) Woodland Pla camo.svg 1999 China[68]
Type 07 (China) Digital Lt. j.g. Jeffrey Fasoli, gunnery officer aboard the guided-missile destroyer USS Mason (DDG 87), discusses techniques with Chinese sailors aboard the People's Liberation Army (Navy) destroyer Harbin.jpg 2007 China. Ocean variant shown.[68]
Universal Camouflage Pattern Digital UCP pattern.jpg 2004–2014 United States, based on MARPAT.[69]
US Woodland (M81) Woodland US Woodland pattern.svg 1981 United States, derived from ERDL.[70] Luxembourg;[71] Also used by Turkey until mid-2000s in 3 colorways.[11]
wz. 68 Moro Nadruk MORA WP WLąd.jpg 1969-1989 Poland; 6 variant colorways.[72][73][74]
wz. 89 Puma Kamuflaż wz. 89 "Puma".jpg 1989-1993 Poland[75]
wz. 93 Pantera Woodland WZ.93 Pantera.jpg 1993 Poland[76]


References[edit]

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  3. ^ "Uniformen der Bundeswehr" (in German). Bundeswehr. Retrieved 22 August 2016. 
  4. ^ CADPAT on the Canadian Army website
  5. ^ "French CCE Camouflage T-shirt". Epic Militaria. Retrieved 26 March 2016. 
  6. ^ "Desert Night Camouflage Trousers, Size: Small Long, NSN: 8415-01-102-6290". Military Steals and Surplus. Retrieved 26 March 2016. 
  7. ^ "Trousers, Camouflage DPM Combat Dress 1968 pattern". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 31 October 2015. 
  8. ^ "Iceland". SFOR Informer Online. NATO. Retrieved 27 March 2016. 
  9. ^ a b Newark, Tim (2007). Camouflage. Thames and Hudson. pp. 133–137. ISBN 978-0-500-51347-7. 
  10. ^ Singapore_ERDL[dead link]
  11. ^ a b c d e "Turkey". Camopedia. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  12. ^ "East German Camouflage Patterns". Henrikc.dk. 2011-12-31. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
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  14. ^ "Albania". SFOR Informer Online. NATO. Retrieved 27 March 2016. 
  15. ^ Camopedia: Belgium
  16. ^ Camopedia: China
  17. ^ a b c d "Danish M/84 "Pletsløring" camouflage pattern". Strike - Hold!. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  18. ^ Camopedia: France
  19. ^ Camopedia: India
  20. ^ Camopedia: Japan
  21. ^ Camopedia: Kyrgyzstan
  22. ^ "КАМУФЛЯЖ URBAN FLECKTARN". Camo-info. Retrieved 27 March 2016. 
  23. ^ Camopedia: Russia
  24. ^ Eastman: Frog Skin pattern
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  26. ^ Richardson, Francis. (1945). Camouflage Fabrics both Plain and Printed for Military Use by the German SS and German Army. Reprinted in: Borsarello, J.F. (Ed.). (1990?). SS & Wehrmacht Camouflage, ISO Publications; London.
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  28. ^ Licence of M05/M04 Design at site of National Board of Patents and Registration of Finland
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  34. ^ "Yenigün" (in Turkish). Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  35. ^ "Sweden". Camopedia. Retrieved 2 June 2016. 
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  37. ^ "Latvia". SFOR Informer Online. NATO. Retrieved 27 March 2016. 
  38. ^ Blechman, Hardy; Newman, Alex (2004). DPM: Disruptive Pattern Material. Department of Publications. ISBN 0-9543404-0-X. 
  39. ^ Jontz, Sandra (February 24, 2001). "Marines' followed Canadians' example in use of digitally-designed 'cammies'". Stars and Stripes. Archived from the original on December 27, 2007. Retrieved 14 January 2010. 
  40. ^ "US Army Camouflate Improvement Effort Update". 24 July 2013. 
  41. ^ "GRUPO MILÍCIA, 20 ANOS DE ACTIVIDADE | Operacional". operacional.pt. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
  42. ^ "Conheça o treinamento do Comando de Operações Táticas da Polícia Federal (COT) | Fotos | VEJA.com". veja.abril.com.br. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
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  44. ^ Land Warfare Conference - Minister for Defence Materiel, Australian Department of Defence, 19 November 2010.
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  58. ^ Camopedia: South Africa
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  61. ^ "HyperStealth Biotechnology Corp". Hyperstealth.com. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
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  64. ^ "Italian Camouflage Patterns". Camopedia. Retrieved 26 March 2016. 
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  67. ^ http://haber.gazetevatan.com/Turk_Ordusuna_yeni_uniforma_164785_1/164785/1/gundem
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External links[edit]