List of cancelled nuclear reactors in the United States

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This is a list of cancelled nuclear reactors in the United States.

History[edit]

The late 1960s and early 1970s saw a rapid growth in the development of nuclear power in the United States. By 1976, however, many nuclear plant proposals were no longer viable due to a slower rate of growth in electricity demand, significant cost and time overruns, and more complex regulatory requirements. Also, there was considerable public opposition to nuclear power in the USA by this time, which contributed to delays in licensing planned nuclear power stations, and further increased costs.[1]

By the end of the 1970s it became clear that nuclear power would not grow nearly as dramatically as once believed. This was particularly galvanized by the Three Mile Island accident in 1979. Eventually, more than 120 reactor orders were ultimately cancelled[2] and the construction of new reactors ground to a halt. Al Gore has commented on the historical record and reliability of nuclear power in the United States:

Of the 253 nuclear power reactors originally ordered in the United States from 1953 to 2008, 48 percent were cancelled, 11 percent were prematurely shut down, 14 percent experienced at least a one-year-or-more outage, and 27 percent are operating without having a year-plus outage. Thus, only about one fourth of those ordered, or about half of those completed, are still operating and have proved relatively reliable.[3]

A cover story in the February 11, 1985, issue of Forbes magazine commented on the overall management of the nuclear power program in the United States:

The failure of the U.S. nuclear power program ranks as the largest managerial disaster in business history, a disaster on a monumental scale … only the blind, or the biased, can now think that the money has been well spent. It is a defeat for the U.S. consumer and for the competitiveness of U.S. industry, for the utilities that undertook the program and for the private enterprise system that made it possible.[4]

During the 2000s, aging infrastructure, growing power use and fears of global climate change all prompted what was then called the "nuclear renaissance". Engineering companies noted that the commissioning process was a major barrier to further construction, and changes to the system were carried out by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission as part of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, along with new tax incentives and loan guarantees. As many as 30 new reactors were planned by 2009.[5]

As of September 2017, only two new reactors are still under construction, both at Vogtle. The project has announced significant delays and budget overruns. Most of the other new builds and the equally extensive list of upgrades to existing reactors have been shelved. The majority of this change in fortunes is due to the rapidly falling prices of natural gas.[5]

Cancelled nuclear reactors[edit]

Name[n 1] Unit Type Status Location State Net
capacity
in MW
Gross
capacity
in MW
Contract
year
Construction
start
Project
close
Allens Creek 1 BWR Cancelled Plan Wallis Texas 1,160 1,207 1973 - 1982-09-01
Allens Creek 2 BWR Cancelled Plan Wallis Texas 1,160 1,207 1973 - 1976-09-01
Alabama Power Co 1 BWR Cancelled Plan Selma Alabama - - -
Alabama Power Co 2 BWR Cancelled Plan Selma Alabama - - -
Atlantic
(offshore)
1 PWR Cancelled Plan Atlantic City New Jersey 1,150 1,211 1972 - 1978-12-01
Atlantic
(offshore)
2 PWR Cancelled Plan Atlantic City New Jersey 1,150 1,211 1972 - 1978-12-01
Atlantic
(offshore)
3 PWR Cancelled Plan Atlantic City New Jersey 1,150 1,211 1973 - 1978-12-01
Atlantic
(offshore)
4 PWR Cancelled Plan Atlantic City New Jersey 1,150 1,211 1973 - 1978-12-01
Bailly
(converted to coal)
1 BWR Cancelled Construction Westchester Indiana 660 686 1967 1974-01-01 1981-08-01
Barton 1 BWR Cancelled Plan Clanton Alabama 1,209 1,254 1972 - 1977-11-01
Barton 2 BWR Cancelled Plan Clanton Alabama 1,209 1,254 1972 - 1977-11-01
Barton 3 BWR Cancelled Plan Clanton Alabama 1,209 1,254 1974 - 1975-11-01
Barton 4 BWR Cancelled Plan Clanton Alabama 1,209 1,254 1974 - 1975-11-01
Bell Bend 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Salem Pennsylvania 1,600 1,720 - - -
Bell Station 1 Cancelled Plan Lansing New York 838 1967 - 1972
Bellefonte 1 PWR Suspended Construction Scottsboro Alabama 1,235 1,263 1970 1974-09-01 1988-01-01
Bellefonte 2 PWR Suspended Construction Scottsboro Alabama 1,235 1,263 1970 1974-09-01 1988-01-01
Bellefonte 3 PWR Cancelled Plan Scottsboro Alabama 1117 - - -
Bellefonte 4 PWR Cancelled Plan Scottsboro Alabama 1117 - - -
Black Fox 1 BWR Cancelled Construction Inola Oklahoma 1,150 1,226 1973 1978-07-01 1982-02-01
Black Fox 2 BWR Cancelled Construction Inola Oklahoma 1,150 1,226 1973 1978-07-01 1982-02-01
Blue Hills (formerly Sunken Log) 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Jasper Texas 930 957 1973 - 1978-08-01
Blue Hills (formerly Sunken Log) 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Jasper Texas 930 957 1974 - 1978-08-01
Bodega Bay 1 BWR Cancelled Construction Bodega Head California 313 589 - 1958 1964
Callaway 2 PWR Cancelled Construction Callaway Missouri 1,120 1,176 1973 1975-10-01 1981-10-01
Callaway 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Callaway Missouri 1,600 2008 - -
Calvert Cliffs 3 PWR Cancelled Plan Calvert County Maryland 1,600 1,720 - - 2015-06-08
Carroll County 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Savanna Illinois 1,120 1,150 1978 - 1988-12-01
Carroll County 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Savanna Illinois 1,120 1,150 1978 - 1988-12-01
Central Iowa 1 BWR Cancelled Plan Iowa 1,100 1,160 - - 1975-09-01
Cherokee 1 PWR Cancelled Construction Gaffney South Carolina 1,280 1,343 1973 1976-06-01 1983-04-01
Cherokee 2 PWR Cancelled Construction Gaffney South Carolina 1,280 1,343 1973 1976-06-01 1982-11-01
Cherokee 3 PWR Cancelled Construction Gaffney South Carolina 1,280 1,343 1973 1976-06-01 1982-11-01
Clinch River 1 FBR Cancelled Plan Oak Ridge Tennessee 350 380 1973 - 1983-11-01
Clinton 2 BWR Cancelled Construction Clinton Illinois 933 985 1973 1975-10-01 1983-10-01
Columbia (WNP-1/WPPSS-1) 1 PWR Cancelled Construction Richland Washington 1,259 1,339 1972 1975-08-01 1983-01-01
Columbia (WNP-4/WPPSS-4) 4 PWR Cancelled Construction Richland Washington 1,250 1,340 1974 1975-08-01 1982-01-01
Comanche Peak 3 PWR Suspended Plan Somervell County Texas 1,700 - - 2013-11-07
Comanche Peak 4 PWR Suspended Plan Somervell County Texas 1,700 - - 2013-11-07
Crystal River 4 PWR Cancelled Plan Crystal River Florida 897 940 1971 - 1972-07-01
Davis Besse 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Oak Harbor Ohio 910 960 1973 - 1980-01-01
Davis Besse 3 PWR Cancelled Plan Oak Harbor Ohio 910 960 1973 - 1980-01-01
Douglas Point (US) 1 BWR Cancelled Plan Douglas Point Maryland 1,178 1,206 1972 - 1980-05-01
Douglas Point (US) 2 BWR Cancelled Plan Douglas Point Maryland 1,178 1,206 1972 - 1978-01-01
Erie 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Berlin Heights Ohio 1,260 1,300 1976 - 1980-01-01
Erie 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Berlin Heights Ohio 1,260 1,300 1976 - 1980-01-01
Floating 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Jacksonville Florida 1,150 1,211 - - 1979-01-01
Floating 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Jacksonville Florida 1,150 1,211 - - 1979-01-01
Forked River 1 PWR Cancelled Construction Forked River New Jersey 1,070 1,123 1969 1973-08-01 1980-11-01
Fort Calhoun 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Fort Calhoun Nebraska 1,136 1,182 1972 - 1977-02-01
Fulton 1 HTGR Cancelled Plan Lancaster Pennsylvania 1,160 1,200 1971 - 1976-03-01
Fulton 2 HTGR Cancelled Plan Lancaster Pennsylvania 1,160 1,200 1971 - 1976-03-01
Galena 1 SFR Proposal Cancelled Galena Alaska 10 2008 - -
Grand Gulf 2 BWR Cancelled Construction Port Gibson Mississippi 1,250 1,302 1972 1974-05-01 1990-12-01
Grand Gulf 3 BWR Cancelled Plan Port Gibson Mississippi 1,520 1,600 1973 - 2015-02-09
Greene County 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Clementon New Jersey 1,191 1,277 1974 - 1979-04-01
Greenwood 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Port Huron Michigan 1,208 1,268 1972 - 1980-03-01
Greenwood 3 PWR Cancelled Plan Port Huron Michigan 1,208 1,268 1972 - 1980-03-01
Hartsville A1 BWR Cancelled Construction Hartsville Tennessee 1,233 1,269 1972 1976-04-01 1984-08-01
Hartsville A2 BWR Cancelled Construction Hartsville Tennessee 1,233 1,269 1972 1976-04-01 1984-08-01
Hartsville B1 BWR Cancelled Construction Hartsville Tennessee 1,233 1,269 1972 1976-04-01 1982-08-01
Hartsville B2 BWR Cancelled Construction Hartsville Tennessee 1,233 1,269 1972 1976-04-01 1982-08-01
Haven 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Haven Wisconsin 900 960 1973 - 1980-02-01
Haven 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Haven Wisconsin 900 960 1974 - 1978-05-01
Hope Creek 2 BWR Cancelled Construction Hancocks Bridge New Jersey 1,067 1,118 1969 1976-03-01 1981-12-01
Jamesport 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Jamesport Long Island, New York 1,150 1,182 1973 - 1980-01-01
Jamesport 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Jamesport Long Island, New York 1,150 1,182 1974 - 1980-01-01
Levy County 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Levy County Florida 1,117 2008 - 2013-08-01
Levy County 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Levy County Florida 1,117 2008 - 2013-08-01
Malibu 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Corral Canyon California 462 1963 - 1972
Marble Hill 1 PWR Cancelled Construction Paynesville Indiana 1,030 1,090 1973 1977-07-01 1984-01-01
Marble Hill 2 PWR Cancelled Construction Paynesville Indiana 1,130 1,190 1973 1977-07-01 1984-01-01
Mayport 1 Mayport Florida 1969 - -
Mayport 2 Mayport Florida 1969 - -
Midland 1 PWR Cancelled Construction Midland Michigan 491 526 1968 1973-03-01 1986-07-01
Midland 2 PWR Cancelled Construction Midland Michigan 816 855 1968 1973-03-01 1986-07-01
Montague 1 BWR Cancelled Plan Montague Massachusetts 1,150 1,298 1974 - 1980-12-01
Montague 2 BWR Cancelled Plan Montague Massachusetts 1,150 1,298 1974 - 1980-12-01
New Bold Island 1 BWR Cancelled Plan Bordentown New Jersey - - -
New Bold Island 2 BWR Cancelled Plan Bordentown New Jersey - - -
New England (NEP) 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Charlestown Rhode Island 1,150 1,194 1974 - 1980-01-01
New England (NEP) 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Charlestown Rhode Island 1,150 1,194 1974 - 1980-01-01
New Haven 1 PWR Cancelled Plan New Haven New Jersey 1,250 1,300 1977 - 1980-01-01
New Haven 2 PWR Cancelled Plan New Haven New Jersey 1,250 1,300 1977 - 1980-01-01
Nine Mile Point 3 PWR Cancelled Plan Scriba New York 1,600 2008 - 2013-11-25
North Anna 3 PWR Cancelled Construction Mineral Virginia 907 950 1971 1971-06-01 1982-11-01
North Anna 4 PWR Cancelled Construction Mineral Virginia 907 950 1971 1971-12-01 1980-11-01
North Coast (formerly Aguirre/Isolte) 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Arecibo Puerto Rico 583 614 1970 - 1978-12-01
North Coast (formerly Aguirre/Isolte) 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Arecibo Puerto Rico - - 1973 - -
NYSE&G 1 PWR Cancelled Plan New York 1,250 - 1977 - 1980
NYSE&G 2 PWR Cancelled Plan New York 1,250 - 1977 - 1980
Orange/Orlando 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Orlando Florida 1,300 1,360 1974 - 1975-12-01
Orange/Orlando 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Orlando Florida 1,300 1,360 1974 - 1975-12-01
Palo Verde 4 PWR Cancelled Plan Tonopah Arizona 1,270 1,307 1977 - 1979-07-01
Palo Verde 5 PWR Cancelled Plan Tonopah Arizona 1,270 1,307 1977 - 1979-07-01
Pebble Springs 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Arlington Oregon 1,260 1,314 1973 - 1982-09-01
Pebble Springs 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Arlington Oregon 1,260 1,314 1974 - 1982-09-01
Perkins 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Mocksville North Carolina 1,287 1,345 1973 - 1982-02-01
Perkins 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Mocksville North Carolina 1,287 1,345 1973 - 1982-02-01
Perkins 3 PWR Cancelled Plan Mocksville North Carolina 1,287 1,345 1973 - 1982-02-01
Perry 2 BWR Cancelled Construction Perry Ohio 1,205 1,250 1974 1974-10-01 1984-04-01
Perryman 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Baltimore Maryland 845 880 1972 - 1972-11-01
Perryman 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Baltimore Maryland 845 880 1972 - 1972-11-01
Phipps Bend 1 BWR Cancelled Construction Kingsport Tennessee 1,233 1,269 1974 1977-10-01 1982-08-01
Phipps Bend 2 BWR Cancelled Construction Kingsport Tennessee 1,233 1,269 1974 1977-10-01 1982-08-01
Pilgrim 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Plymouth Massachusetts 1,180 1,240 1972 - 1981-09-01
Pilgrim 3 PWR Cancelled Plan Plymouth Massachusetts 1,180 1,240 - - 1974-07-01
Quanicassee 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Bay City Michigan 1,150 1972 - 1974
Quanicassee 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Bay City Michigan 1,150 1972 - 1974
Ravenswood 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Long Island New York 500 1962 - 1964-01-06
Ravenswood 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Long Island New York 500 1962 - 1964-01-06
River Bend 2 BWR Cancelled Construction St. Francisville Louisiana 934 991 1973 1975-08-01 1984-01-01
River Bend 3 BWR Cancelled Plan St. Francisville Louisiana 1520 1600 - - 2015-12-04
San Joaquin Nuclear Project 1 Cancelled Plan Kern County California 1300 1973 - 1978-03-31
San Joaquin Nuclear Project 2 Cancelled Plan Kern County California 1300 1973 - 1978-03-31
San Joaquin Nuclear Project 3 Cancelled Plan Kern County California 1300 1973 - 1978-03-31
San Joaquin Nuclear Project 4 Cancelled Plan Kern County California 1300 1973 - 1978-03-31
Satsop (WNP-3/WPPSS-3) 3 PWR Cancelled Construction Elma Washington 1,240 1,324 1973 1977-04-01 1983-01-01
Satsop (WNP-5/WPPSS-5) 5 PWR Cancelled Construction Elma Washington 1,240 1,316 1974 1977-04-01 1982-01-01
Seabrook 2 PWR Cancelled Construction Seabrook New Hampshire 1,149 1,199 1972 1976-07-01 1988-01-01
Sears Isle 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Sears Island Maine 1,150 1974 - 1977
Shearon Harris 2 PWR Cancelled Construction Bonsai North Carolina 900 960 1971 1978-01-01 1983-12-01 (2013)
Shearon Harris 3 PWR Cancelled Construction Bonsai North Carolina 900 960 1971 1978-01-01 1983-12-01 (2013)
Shearon Harris 4 PWR Cancelled Construction Bonsai North Carolina 900 960 1971 1978-01-01 1983-12-01
Shearon Harris 2 PWR Suspended Plan Bonsai North Carolina 1,117 1,250 - - 2013-05-02
Shearon Harris 3 PWR Suspended Plan Bonsai North Carolina 1,117 1,250 - - 2013-05-02
Skagit-Hanford 1 BWR Cancelled Plan Sedro Woolley Washington 1,275 1,335 1973 - 1983-08-01
Skagit-Hanford 2 BWR Cancelled Plan Sedro Woolley Washington 1,275 1,335 1974 - 1983-08-01
Somerset 1 BWR Cancelled Plan Somerset New York 1,190 1,247 1974 - 1977-05-01
Somerset 2 BWR Cancelled Plan Somerset New York 1,190 1,247 1974 - 1977-05-01
South Dade 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Miami-Dade County Florida 1,150 1,210 1975 - 1977-05-01
South Dade 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Miami-Dade County Florida 1,150 1,210 1975 - 1977-05-01
South River 1 PWR Cancelled Plan North Carolina 1,150 1,200 1973 - 1979-01-01
South River 2 PWR Cancelled Plan North Carolina 1,150 1,200 1973 - 1979-01-01
South River 3 PWR Cancelled Plan North Carolina 1,150 1,200 1973 - 1974-12-01
Stanislaus 1 BWR Cancelled Plan Stanislaus County California 1,100 1,200 1971 - 1979
Stanislaus 2 BWR Cancelled Plan Stanislaus County California 1,100 1,200 1971 - 1979
Sterling 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Oswego New York 1,150 1,185 1973 - 1980-01-01
Summit 1 HTGR Cancelled Plan Whitehall Delaware 770 781 1971 - 1975-11-01
Summit 2 HTGR Cancelled Plan Whitehall Delaware 770 781 1971 - 1975-11-01
Sundesert 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Blythe California 934 978 1975 - 1978-05-01
Sundesert 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Blythe California 934 978 1975 - 1978-05-01
Surry 3 PWR Cancelled Construction Gravel Neck Virginia 859 919 1972 1974-01-01 1977-03-01
Surry 4 PWR Cancelled Construction Gravel Neck Virginia 859 919 1972 1974-01-01 1977-03-01
Tyrone 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Durand Wisconsin 1,150 1,188 1973 - 1979-07-01
Tyrone 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Durand Wisconsin 1,150 1,188 1973 - 1975-12-01
Vandalia (Iowa) 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Vandalia Iowa 1,270 1,300 1976 - 1982-02-01
Vidal 1 HTGR Cancelled Plan Vidal Valley California 770 1972 - 1974
Vidal 2 HTGR Cancelled Plan Vidal Valley California 770 1972 - 1974
V.C. Summer 2 PWR Cancelled Construction Jenkinsville South Carolina 1,117 1,250 2008 2013-03-09 2017-07-31
V.C. Summer 3 PWR Cancelled Construction Jenkinsville South Carolina 1,117 1,250 2008 2013-03-09 2017-07-31
Verplanck
(formerly Indian Point-4)
1 BWR Cancelled Plan Buchanan New York 1,100 1,115 1968 - 1975
Verplanck
(formerly Indian Point-5)
2 BWR Cancelled Plan Buchanan New York 1,100 1,115 1968 - 1975
Victoria County Station 1 BWR Cancelled Plan Victoria County Texas 1,535 2008 - 2012-08-28
Victoria County Station 2 BWR Cancelled Plan Victoria County Texas 1,535 2008 - 2012-08-28
Vogtle 3 PWR Cancelled Plan Burke County Georgia 1,113 1973 - 1974
Vogtle 4 PWR Cancelled Plan Burke County Georgia 1,113 1973 - 1974
Yellow Creek 1 PWR Cancelled Construction Corinth Mississippi 1,285 1,339 1974 1978-02-01 1984-08-30
Yellow Creek 2 PWR Cancelled Construction Corinth Mississippi 1,285 1,339 1974 1978-02-01 1984-08-30
Zimmer
(converted to coal)
1 BWR Cancelled Construction Moscow Ohio 810 840 1969 1972-10-01 1984-01-01
Zimmer 2 BWR Cancelled Plan Moscow Ohio 1,125 1,172 1974 - 1984-01-01

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nuclear power: Futures, Costs, and Benefits p. 16.
  2. ^ Nuclear Power: Outlook for New U.S. Reactors p. 3.
  3. ^ Al Gore (2009). Our Choice, Bloomsbury, p. 157.
  4. ^ "Nuclear Follies", a February 11, 1985 cover story in Forbes magazine.
  5. ^ a b J. Matthew Roney, "US Nuclear Power In Decline", Earth Policy Institute, 10 September 2013

External links[edit]