List of cancelled nuclear reactors in the United States

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This is a list of canceled nuclear reactors in the United States.

History[edit]

The late 1960s and early 1970s saw a rapid growth in the development of nuclear power in the United States. By 1976, however, many nuclear plant proposals were no longer viable due to a slower rate of growth in electricity demand, significant cost and time overruns, and more complex regulatory requirements. Also, there was considerable public opposition to nuclear power in the USA by this time, which contributed to delays in licensing planned nuclear power stations, and further increased costs.[1]

By the end of the 1970s it became clear that nuclear power would not grow nearly as dramatically as once believed. This was particularly galvanized by the Three Mile Island accident in 1979. Eventually, more than 120 reactor orders were ultimately cancelled[2] and the construction of new reactors ground to a halt. Al Gore has commented on the historical record and reliability of nuclear power in the United States:

Of the 253 nuclear power reactors originally ordered in the United States from 1953 to 2008, 48 percent were cancelled, 11 percent were prematurely shut down, 14 percent experienced at least a one-year-or-more outage, and 27 percent are operating without having a year-plus outage. Thus, only about one fourth of those ordered, or about half of those completed, are still operating and have proved relatively reliable.[3]

A cover story in the February 11, 1985, issue of Forbes magazine commented on the overall management of the nuclear power program in the United States:

The failure of the U.S. nuclear power program ranks as the largest managerial disaster in business history, a disaster on a monumental scale ... only the blind, or the biased, can now think that the money has been well spent. It is a defeat for the U.S. consumer and for the competitiveness of U.S. industry, for the utilities that undertook the program and for the private enterprise system that made it possible.[4]

During the 2000s, aging infrastructure, growing power use and fears of global climate change all prompted what was then called the "nuclear renaissance". Engineering companies noted that the commissioning process was a major barrier to further construction, and changes to the system were carried out by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission as part of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, along with new tax incentives and loan guarantees. As many as 30 new reactors were planned by 2009.[5]

As of February 2021, only two new reactors are still under construction, both at Vogtle. The project has announced significant delays and budget overruns. Most of the other new builds and the equally extensive list of upgrades to existing reactors have been shelved. The majority of this change in fortunes is due to the rapidly falling prices of natural gas.[5]

Cancelled nuclear reactors[edit]

Name[n 1] Unit Type Model* Status Location Net
capacity
in MW
Gross
capacity
in MW
Contract
year
Construction
start
Project
close
Refs
Allens Creek 1 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Wallis,  Texas 1,160 1,207 1973 - 1982-09-01
Allens Creek 2 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Wallis,  Texas 1,160 1,207 1973 - 1976-09-01
Alabama Power Co 1 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Selma,  Alabama - - -
Alabama Power Co 2 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Selma,  Alabama - - -
Atlantic
(offshore)
1 PWR Cancelled Plan Atlantic City,  New Jersey 1,150 1,211 1972 - 1978-12-01
Atlantic
(offshore)
2 PWR Cancelled Plan Atlantic City,  New Jersey 1,150 1,211 1972 - 1978-12-01
Atlantic
(offshore)
3 PWR Cancelled Plan Atlantic City,  New Jersey 1,150 1,211 1973 - 1978-12-01
Atlantic
(offshore)
4 PWR Cancelled Plan Atlantic City,  New Jersey 1,150 1,211 1973 - 1978-12-01
Bailly
(converted to coal)
1 BWR GE Cancelled Construction Westchester Township, Porter County, Indiana,  Indiana 660 686 1967 1974-01-01 1981-08-01
Barton 1 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Clanton,  Alabama 1,209 1,254 1972 - 1977-11-01
Barton 2 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Clanton,  Alabama 1,209 1,254 1972 - 1977-11-01
Barton 3 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Clanton,  Alabama 1,209 1,254 1974 - 1975-11-01
Barton 4 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Clanton,  Alabama 1,209 1,254 1974 - 1975-11-01
Bell Bend 1 PWR Areva European Pressurized Water Reactor Cancelled Plan Salem,  Pennsylvania 1,600 1,720 - - -
Bell Station 1 Cancelled Plan Lansing,  New York 838 1967 - 1972
Bellefonte 1 PWR B&W Model 205 Suspended Construction Scottsboro,  Alabama 1,235 1,263 1970 1974-09-01 1988-01-01
Bellefonte 2 PWR B&W Model 205 Suspended Construction Scottsboro,  Alabama 1,235 1,263 1970 1974-09-01 1988-01-01
Bellefonte 3 PWR WH AP1000 Cancelled Plan Scottsboro,  Alabama 1117 - - -
Bellefonte 4 PWR WH AP1000 Cancelled Plan Scottsboro,  Alabama 1117 - - -
Black Fox 1 BWR GE Cancelled Construction Inola,  Oklahoma 1,150 1,226 1973 1978-07-01 1982-02-01
Black Fox 2 BWR GE Cancelled Construction Inola,  Oklahoma 1,150 1,226 1973 1978-07-01 1982-02-01
Blue Hills (formerly Sunken Log) 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Jasper,  Texas 930 957 1973 - 1978-08-01
Blue Hills (formerly Sunken Log) 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Jasper,  Texas 930 957 1974 - 1978-08-01
Bodega Bay 1 BWR GE Cancelled Construction Bodega Head,  California 313 589 - 1958 1964
Callaway 2 PWR Cancelled Construction Callaway,  Missouri 1,120 1,176 1973 1975-10-01 1981-10-01
Callaway 2 PWR Areva European Pressurized Water Reactor Cancelled Plan Callaway,  Missouri 1,600 2008 - 2015-8
Calvert Cliffs 3 PWR Areva European Pressurized Water Reactor Cancelled Plan Calvert County,  Maryland 1,600 1,720 - - 2015-06-08
Carroll County 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Savanna,  Illinois 1,120 1,150 1978 - 1988-12-01
Carroll County 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Savanna,  Illinois 1,120 1,150 1978 - 1988-12-01
Central Iowa 1 BWR GE Cancelled Plan  Iowa 1,100 1,160 - - 1975-09-01
Cherokee 1 PWR Cancelled Construction Gaffney,  South Carolina 1,280 1,343 1973 1976-06-01 1983-04-01
Cherokee 2 PWR Cancelled Construction Gaffney,  South Carolina 1,280 1,343 1973 1976-06-01 1982-11-01
Cherokee 3 PWR Cancelled Construction Gaffney,  South Carolina 1,280 1,343 1973 1976-06-01 1982-11-01
Clinch River 1 FBR United States Atomic Energy Commission Cancelled Plan Oak Ridge,  Tennessee 350 380 1973 - 1983-11-01
Clinton 2 BWR GE Cancelled Construction Clinton,  Illinois 933 985 1973 1975-10-01 1983-10-01
Columbia (WNP-1/WPPSS-1) 1 PWR Cancelled Construction Richland,  Washington 1,259 1,339 1972 1975-08-01 1983-01-01
Columbia (WNP-4/WPPSS-4) 4 PWR Cancelled Construction Richland,  Washington 1,250 1,340 1974 1975-08-01 1982-01-01
Comanche Peak 3 PWR Suspended Plan Somervell County,  Texas 1,700 - - 2013-11-07
Comanche Peak 4 PWR Suspended Plan Somervell County,  Texas 1,700 - - 2013-11-07
Crystal River 4 PWR Cancelled Plan Crystal River,  Florida 897 940 1971 - 1972-07-01
Davis Besse 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Oak Harbor,  Ohio 910 960 1973 - 1980-01-01
Davis Besse 3 PWR Cancelled Plan Oak Harbor,  Ohio 910 960 1973 - 1980-01-01
Douglas Point (US) 1 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Charles County,  Maryland 1,178 1,206 1972 - 1980-05-01
Douglas Point (US) 2 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Charles County,  Maryland 1,178 1,206 1972 - 1978-01-01
Erie 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Berlin Heights,  Ohio 1,260 1,300 1976 - 1980-01-01
Erie 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Berlin Heights,  Ohio 1,260 1,300 1976 - 1980-01-01
Floating 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Jacksonville,  Florida 1,150 1,211 - - 1979-01-01
Floating 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Jacksonville,  Florida 1,150 1,211 - - 1979-01-01
Forked River 1 PWR Cancelled Construction Forked River,  New Jersey 1,070 1,123 1969 1973-08-01 1980-11-01
Fort Calhoun 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Fort Calhoun,  Nebraska 1,136 1,182 1972 - 1977-02-01
Fulton 1 HTGR GA Cancelled Plan Lancaster,  Pennsylvania 1,160 1,200 1971 - 1976-03-01
Fulton 2 HTGR GA Cancelled Plan Lancaster,  Pennsylvania 1,160 1,200 1971 - 1976-03-01
Galena 1 SFR Toshiba 4S Proposal Cancelled Galena,  Alaska 10 2008 - -
Grand Gulf 2 BWR GE Cancelled Construction Port Gibson,  Mississippi 1,250 1,302 1972 1974-05-01 1990-12-01
Grand Gulf 3 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Port Gibson,  Mississippi 1,520 1,600 1973 - 2015-02-09
Greene County 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Clementon,  New Jersey 1,191 1,277 1974 - 1979-04-01
Greenwood 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Port Huron,  Michigan 1,208 1,268 1972 - 1980-03-01
Greenwood 3 PWR Cancelled Plan Port Huron,  Michigan 1,208 1,268 1972 - 1980-03-01
Hartsville A1 BWR GE Cancelled Construction Hartsville,  Tennessee 1,233 1,269 1972 1976-04-01 1984-08-01
Hartsville A2 BWR GE Cancelled Construction Hartsville,  Tennessee 1,233 1,269 1972 1976-04-01 1984-08-01
Hartsville B1 BWR GE Cancelled Construction Hartsville,  Tennessee 1,233 1,269 1972 1976-04-01 1982-08-01
Hartsville B2 BWR GE Cancelled Construction Hartsville,  Tennessee 1,233 1,269 1972 1976-04-01 1982-08-01
Haven 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Haven,  Wisconsin 900 960 1973 - 1980-02-01
Haven 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Haven,  Wisconsin 900 960 1974 - 1978-05-01
Hope Creek 2 BWR GE Cancelled Construction Hancocks Bridge,  New Jersey 1,067 1,118 1969 1976-03-01 1981-12-01
Jamesport 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Jamesport,  New York 1,150 1,182 1973 - 1980-01-01
Jamesport 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Jamesport,  New York 1,150 1,182 1974 - 1980-01-01
Levy County 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Levy County,  Florida 1,117 2008 - 2013-08-01
Levy County 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Levy County,  Florida 1,117 2008 - 2013-08-01
Malibu 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Corral Canyon,  California 462 1963 - 1972
Marble Hill 1 PWR Cancelled Construction Paynesville,  Indiana 1,030 1,090 1973 1977-07-01 1984-01-01
Marble Hill 2 PWR Cancelled Construction Paynesville,  Indiana 1,130 1,190 1973 1977-07-01 1984-01-01
Mayport 1 Mayport,  Florida 1969 - -
Mayport 2 Mayport,  Florida 1969 - -
Midland 1 PWR Cancelled Construction Midland,  Michigan 491 526 1968 1973-03-01 1986-07-01
Midland 2 PWR Cancelled Construction Midland,  Michigan 816 855 1968 1973-03-01 1986-07-01
Montague 1 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Montague,  Massachusetts 1,150 1,298 1974 - 1980-12-01
Montague 2 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Montague,  Massachusetts 1,150 1,298 1974 - 1980-12-01
Newbold Island
(relocated to Hope Creek)
1 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Bordentown,  New Jersey - - -
Newbold Island
(relocated to Hope Creek)
2 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Bordentown,  New Jersey - - -
New England (NEP) 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Charlestown,  Rhode Island 1,150 1,194 1974 - 1980-01-01
New England (NEP) 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Charlestown,  Rhode Island 1,150 1,194 1974 - 1980-01-01
New Haven 1 PWR Cancelled Plan New Haven,  New Jersey 1,250 1,300 1977 - 1980-01-01
New Haven 2 PWR Cancelled Plan New Haven,  New Jersey 1,250 1,300 1977 - 1980-01-01
Nine Mile Point 3 PWR Cancelled Plan Scriba,  New York 1,600 2008 - 2013-11-25
North Anna 3 PWR Cancelled Construction Mineral,  Virginia 907 950 1971 1971-06-01 1982-11-01
North Anna 4 PWR Cancelled Construction Mineral,  Virginia 907 950 1971 1971-12-01 1980-11-01
North Coast (formerly Aguirre/Isolte) 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Arecibo,  Puerto Rico 583 614 1970 - 1978-12-01
North Coast (formerly Aguirre/Isolte) 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Arecibo,  Puerto Rico - - 1973 - -
NYSE&G 1 PWR Cancelled Plan  New York 1,250 - 1977 - 1980
NYSE&G 2 PWR Cancelled Plan  New York 1,250 - 1977 - 1980
Orange/Orlando 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Orlando,  Florida 1,300 1,360 1974 - 1975-12-01
Orange/Orlando 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Orlando,  Florida 1,300 1,360 1974 - 1975-12-01
Palo Verde 4 PWR Cancelled Plan Tonopah,  Arizona 1,270 1,307 1977 - 1979-07-01
Palo Verde 5 PWR Cancelled Plan Tonopah,  Arizona 1,270 1,307 1977 - 1979-07-01
Pebble Springs 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Arlington,  Oregon 1,260 1,314 1973 - 1982-09-01
Pebble Springs 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Arlington,  Oregon 1,260 1,314 1974 - 1982-09-01
Perkins 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Mocksville,  North Carolina 1,287 1,345 1973 - 1982-02-01
Perkins 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Mocksville,  North Carolina 1,287 1,345 1973 - 1982-02-01
Perkins 3 PWR Cancelled Plan Mocksville,  North Carolina 1,287 1,345 1973 - 1982-02-01
Perry 2 BWR GE Cancelled Construction Perry,  Ohio 1,205 1,250 1974 1974-10-01 1984-04-01
Perryman 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Baltimore,  Maryland 845 880 1972 - 1972-11-01
Perryman 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Baltimore,  Maryland 845 880 1972 - 1972-11-01
Phipps Bend 1 BWR GE Cancelled Construction Kingsport,  Tennessee 1,233 1,269 1974 1977-10-01 1982-08-01
Phipps Bend 2 BWR GE Cancelled Construction Kingsport,  Tennessee 1,233 1,269 1974 1977-10-01 1982-08-01
Pilgrim 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Plymouth,  Massachusetts 1,180 1,240 1972 - 1981-09-01
Pilgrim 3 PWR Cancelled Plan Plymouth,  Massachusetts 1,180 1,240 - - 1974-07-01
Quanicassee 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Bay City,  Michigan 1,150 1972 - 1974
Quanicassee 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Bay City,  Michigan 1,150 1972 - 1974
Ravenswood 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Long Island,  New York 500 1962 - 1964-01-06
Ravenswood 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Long Island,  New York 500 1962 - 1964-01-06
River Bend 2 BWR GE Cancelled Construction St. Francisville,  Louisiana 934 991 1973 1975-08-01 1984-01-01
River Bend 3 BWR GE Cancelled Plan St. Francisville,  Louisiana 1520 1600 - - 2015-12-04
San Joaquin Nuclear Project 1 Cancelled Plan Kern County,  California 1300 1973 - 1978-03-31
San Joaquin Nuclear Project 2 Cancelled Plan Kern County,  California 1300 1973 - 1978-03-31
San Joaquin Nuclear Project 3 Cancelled Plan Kern County,  California 1300 1973 - 1978-03-31
San Joaquin Nuclear Project 4 Cancelled Plan Kern County,  California 1300 1973 - 1978-03-31
Satsop (WNP-3/WPPSS-3) 3 PWR Combustion Engineering Cancelled Construction Elma,  Washington 1,240 1,324 1973 1977-04-01 1983-01-01
Satsop (WNP-5/WPPSS-5) 5 PWR Combustion Engineering Cancelled Construction Elma,  Washington 1,240 1,316 1974 1977-04-01 1982-01-01
Seabrook 2 PWR Cancelled Construction Seabrook,  New Hampshire 1,149 1,199 1972 1976-07-01 1988-01-01
Sears Isle 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Sears Island,  Maine 1,150 1974 - 1977
Shearon Harris 2 PWR WH 3-Loop Cancelled Construction Bonsai,  North Carolina 900 960 1971 1978-01-01 1983-12-01 (2013)
Shearon Harris 3 PWR WH 3-Loop Cancelled Construction Bonsai,  North Carolina 900 960 1971 1978-01-01 1983-12-01 (2013)
Shearon Harris 4 PWR WH 3-Loop Cancelled Construction Bonsai,  North Carolina 900 960 1971 1978-01-01 1983-12-01
Shearon Harris 2 PWR WH AP1000 Cancelled Plan Bonsai,  North Carolina 1,117 1,250 - - 2013-05-02
Shearon Harris 3 PWR WH AP1000 Cancelled Plan Bonsai,  North Carolina 1,117 1,250 - - 2013-05-02
Skagit-Hanford 1 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Sedro Woolley,  Washington 1,275 1,335 1973 - 1983-08-01
Skagit-Hanford 2 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Sedro Woolley,  Washington 1,275 1,335 1974 - 1983-08-01
Somerset 1 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Somerset,  New York 1,190 1,247 1974 - 1977-05-01
Somerset 2 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Somerset,  New York 1,190 1,247 1974 - 1977-05-01
South Dade 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Miami-Dade County,  Florida 1,150 1,210 1975 - 1977-05-01
South Dade 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Miami-Dade County,  Florida 1,150 1,210 1975 - 1977-05-01
South River 1 PWR Cancelled Plan  North Carolina 1,150 1,200 1973 - 1979-01-01
South River 2 PWR Cancelled Plan  North Carolina 1,150 1,200 1973 - 1979-01-01
South River 3 PWR Cancelled Plan  North Carolina 1,150 1,200 1973 - 1974-12-01
South Texas 3 BWR Toshiba Advanced Boiling Water Reactor Cancelled Plan Matagorda County,  Texas 2018[6]
South Texas 4 BWR Toshiba Advanced Boiling Water Reactor Cancelled Plan Matagorda County,  Texas 2018[7]
Stanislaus 1 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Stanislaus County,  California 1,100 1,200 1971 - 1979
Stanislaus 2 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Stanislaus County,  California 1,100 1,200 1971 - 1979
Sterling 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Oswego,  New York 1,150 1,185 1973 - 1980-01-01
Summit 1 HTGR GA Cancelled Plan Whitehall,  Delaware 770 781 1971 - 1975-11-01
Summit 2 HTGR GA Cancelled Plan Whitehall,  Delaware 770 781 1971 - 1975-11-01
Sundesert 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Blythe,  California 934 978 1975 - 1978-05-01
Sundesert 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Blythe,  California 934 978 1975 - 1978-05-01
Surry 3 PWR Cancelled Construction Louisa County,  Virginia 859 919 1972 1974-01-01 1977-03-01
Surry 4 PWR Cancelled Construction Louisa County,  Virginia 859 919 1972 1974-01-01 1977-03-01
Tyrone 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Durand,  Wisconsin 1,150 1,188 1973 - 1979-07-01
Tyrone 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Durand,  Wisconsin 1,150 1,188 1973 - 1975-12-01
Vandalia (Iowa) 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Vandalia,  Iowa 1,270 1,300 1976 - 1982-02-01
Vidal 1 HTGR GA Cancelled Plan Vidal Valley,  California 770 1972 - 1974
Vidal 2 HTGR GA Cancelled Plan Vidal Valley,  California 770 1972 - 1974
V.C. Summer 2 PWR WH AP1000 Cancelled Construction Jenkinsville,  South Carolina 1,117 1,250 2008 2013-03-09 2017-07-31
V.C. Summer 3 PWR WH AP1000 Cancelled Construction Jenkinsville,  South Carolina 1,117 1,250 2008 2013-03-09 2017-07-31
Verplanck
(formerly Indian Point-4)
1 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Buchanan,  New York 1,100 1,115 1968 - 1975
Verplanck
(formerly Indian Point-5)
2 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Buchanan,  New York 1,100 1,115 1968 - 1975
Victoria County Station 1 BWR GEH Cancelled Plan Victoria County, Texas 1,535 2008 - 2012-08-28
Victoria County Station 2 BWR GEH Cancelled Plan Victoria County,  Texas 1,535 2008 - 2012-08-28
Vogtle 3 PWR WH 4-Loop Cancelled Plan (1970s plan; Unit 3 AP1000 under construction in 2021) Burke County,  Georgia 1,113 1973 - 1974
Vogtle 4 PWR WH 4-Loop Cancelled Plan (1970s plan; Unit 4 AP1000 under construction in 2021) Burke County,  Georgia 1,113 1973 - 1974
Yellow Creek 1 PWR Cancelled Construction Corinth,  Mississippi 1,285 1,339 1974 1978-02-01 1984-08-30
Yellow Creek 2 PWR Cancelled Construction Corinth,  Mississippi 1,285 1,339 1974 1978-02-01 1984-08-30
Zimmer
(converted to coal)
1 BWR GE Cancelled Construction Moscow,  Ohio 810 840 1969 1972-10-01 1984-01-01
Zimmer 2 BWR GE Cancelled Plan Moscow,  Ohio 1,125 1,172 1974 - 1984-01-01

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nuclear power: Futures, Costs, and Benefits p. 16.
  2. ^ Nuclear Power: Outlook for New U.S. Reactors p. 3.
  3. ^ Al Gore (2009). Our Choice, Bloomsbury, p. 157.
  4. ^ "Nuclear Follies", a February 11, 1985 cover story in Forbes magazine.
  5. ^ a b J. Matthew Roney, "US Nuclear Power In Decline", Earth Policy Institute, 10 September 2013
  6. ^ "Toshiba scraps project to build ABWRs in Texas - World Nuclear News".
  7. ^ "Toshiba scraps project to build ABWRs in Texas - World Nuclear News".

External links[edit]