List of cancer clusters

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of cancer clusters. A cancer cluster is a statistical event, which may or may not have a cause other than chance. There are other cancer clusters that occur without any obvious source of carcinogens.

North America
Date Disease Location Number of cases Cause References
1917–1927 Osteosarcoma New Jersey, Connecticut, Illinois 86 Radium [1][2]
1938–1971 Adenocarcinoma U.S. 750 Diethylstilbestrol [3][4]
?–2018 Various cancers St. Louis, Missouri 56 Uranium [5]
1967–1973 Liver angiosarcoma (Hemangiosarcoma) Louisville, Kentucky 4 Vinyl chloride monomer [6]
1968–1995 Leukemia, Lymphoma Camp Lejeune, North Carolina 13[note 1] Trichloroethylene
Methylene chloride
Vinyl chloride
1979–1996 Brain, CNS cancer Toms River, New Jersey 90+ SAN trimer
1973–1986 Leukemia Woburn, Massachusetts 21 Chloroform
1982–1984 Testicular cancer Fulton County, New York 3 Dimethylformamide (DMF)
2-Ethoxyethyl acetate
1987–1999 Brain cancer, Leukemia, Lymphoma Wilmington, Massachusetts 20 Unknown
N-Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA)
1993–2008 Childhood brain cancer, brain tumors, colon cancer, anal cancer, rectal cancer, breast cancer. Also nervous system damaged. The Acreage, Florida Unknown Unknown
Some have linked it to a nearby Pratt and Whitney, Beach Aggregates, and the Florida crystals.
1997–2002 Leukemia, rhabdomyosarcoma Fallon, Nevada 17 Unknown
Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE)
Benzene in jet fuel
1996–2013 Leukemia, Brain Tumors, lymphoma, Other Forms Clyde, Ohio 36, mostly children Unknown [23]
1953–2010 wide range of cancers Shannon, Quebec 400 Trichloroethylene [24][25]
2009-2024 wide range of cancers, predominantly breast cancer Raleigh, NC 99 Aroclor 1262, a commercial mixture of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) compounds 37
Date Disease Location Number of cases Cause References
1968–1995 Leukemia Seascale, Sellafield, England 9 Unsure
Studies indicate a correlation with paternal preconceptional irradiation (PPI)
1978–1993 Leukemia La Hague, Normandy, France 27 Unknown
Speculated to be tritium
1980s Leukemia, Brain tumors East Yorkshire, England 13 Polonium 210, Lead, Arsenic and other metal emitter; unproven link to Capper Pass tin smelter in Melton [30][31][32][33]
1990–2005 Leukemia Elbmarsch, Lower Saxony and Krümmel (Kruemmel), Geesthacht, Schleswig-Holstein in Germany 16 Unknown
Speculated to be actinide, especially Plutonium241 of unknown origin that was found in the area or tritium from a nearby nuclear power plant
Date Disease Location Number of cases Cause References
mid 1980s Skin Lesions, Arsenicosis West Bengal, India Unknown Arsenic [36]


  1. ^ Out of 106 suspected health problems, 52 were confirmed, including 13 hematopoietic cancers and 39 birth defects.[7]


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  16. ^ "Evaluation of Cancer Incidence data for the Town of Wilmington, Massachusetts 1987-1995" (PDF). Letter to the Wilmington Board of Health. Massachusetts Department of Public Health. August 2000. Retrieved January 31, 2005.
  17. ^ "Toxic chemicals and childhood cancer: A review of the evidence" (PDF). Lowell Center for Sustainable Production, University of Massachusetts Lowell. 2003. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 1, 2003. Retrieved January 31, 2005.
  18. ^ Malek, Mitra (September 13, 2010). "New data confirms Acreage cancer cluster; health officials puzzled on cause of children's ailments". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
  19. ^ "Cancer Clusters - Churchill County (Fallon), Nevada Exposure Assessment". National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2004. Retrieved January 31, 2005.
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  22. ^ Mullen, Frank (February 27, 2005). "Scientists zero in on tungsten as Fallon cancer cause". Reno Gazette-Journal.
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  24. ^ "Quebec town demands compensation for tainted water". CBC News. June 10, 2009.
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  31. ^ "Radioactivity". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Vol. 176. House of Commons. 19 July 1990. col. 1278–1284. We cannot, in any way, attribute excess cancers to the practices at, or discharges from, the plant. All we can say in summary is that there is far too little information on which to form a sound judgment
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