List of capitals in the People's Republic of China

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The scope of this list is limited to capitals of first-level administrative divisions such as provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities, and special administrative regions also including sub-provincial cities which are governed by province but administered independently in many ways from a province.

Province capitals[edit]

  • Note: PRC claimed Taiwan and its capital in Taipei as one of its province which it does not control.
Jurisdiction Capital Capital since Land area (km²) Population (2010) Symbol Seat Most populous prefecture? Map
Anhui Hefei 1946 11,323 5,702,000 Shushan Yes Administrative Division Hefei.png
Fujian Fuzhou 1278 12,177 7,115,370 Gulou No Administrative Division Fuzhou.png
Gansu Lanzhou 1667 13,300 3,616,163 Chengguan Yes Administrative Division Lanzhou.svg
Guangdong Guangzhou 1369 7,434 12,700,800 Yuexiu Yes Administrative Division Guangzhou 2.png
Guizhou Guiyang 1413 8,034 4,324,561 Guanshanhu No Administrative Division Guiyang.png
Hainan Haikou 1950 2,237 2,046,189 Meilan Yes Administrative Division Haikou.png
Hebei Shijiazhuang 1968 15,722 10,163,788 Chang'an No Administrative Division Shijiazhuang.png
Heilongjiang Harbin 1949 53,100 10,635,971 Nangang Yes Administrative Division Harbin.png
Henan Zhengzhou 1954 7,507 8,626,505 Zhongyuan No Administrative Division Zhengzhou.png
Hubei Wuhan 1927 8,494 9,785,392 Jiang'an Yes Administrative Division Wuhan.png
Hunan Changsha 1664 11,819 7,044,118 Yuelu No Administrative Division Changsha.png
Jiangsu Nanjing 1952 6,598 8,004,680 Xuanwu No Subdivisions of Nanjing-China.png
Jiangxi Nanchang 1277 7,372 5,042,565 Donghu No Administrative Division Nanchang.png
Jilin Changchun 1954 20,532 7,677,089 Chaoyang Yes Administrative Division Changchun.png
Liaoning Shenyang 1662 12,942 8,106,171 Shenhe Yes Administrative Division Shenyang.png
Qinghai Xining 1928 7,372 2,208,708 西 Chengzhong Yes Administrative Division Xining.png
Shaanxi Xi'an 1286 9,983 8,467,837 Weiyang Yes Administrative Division Xi'an.png
Shandong Jinan 1377 8,177 6,814,000 Shizhong No Administrative Division Jinan.png
Shanxi Taiyuan 1369 6,959 4,201,591 Xinghualing Yes Administrative Division Taiyuan.png
Sichuan Chengdu 1286 12,132 14,047,625 Qingyang Yes Administrative Division Chengdu.png
Yunnan Kunming 1275 21,473 6,432,000 Chenggong Yes Administrative Division Kunming.png
Zhejiang Hangzhou 1367 16,847 8,700,400 Gongshu No Administrative Division Hangzhou.png

Autonomous regions capitals[edit]

Jurisdiction Capital Capital since Land area (km²) Population (2010) Symbol Seat Most populous prefecture? Map
Guangxi Nanning 1912 22,189 6,661,600 Qingxiu Yes Administrative Division Nanning.png
Inner Mongolia Hohhot 1952 17,224 2,866,615 Xincheng No Administrative Division Hohhot.png
Ningxia Yinchuan 1928 4,467 1,993,088 Jinfeng Yes Administrative Division Yinchuan.png
Tibet Lhasa 1642 29,274 559,423 Chengguan No Administrative Division Lhasa.png
Xinjiang Ürümqi 1884 14,577 3,110,280 Shuimogou No Administrative division Urumqi.png

Other cities[edit]

Municipalities & special administrative regions[edit]

Jurisdiction City Designation Land area (km²) Population (2010) Symbol Seat Map
Beijing Beijing 1927 16,801 19,612,368 Dongcheng ColorBeijingMapNew.png
Chongqing Chongqing 1927 82,401 28,846,170 Yuzhong ChongqingMap.png
Hong Kong Hong Kong 1997 1,104 7,061,200 Central & Western Map of Hong Kong 18 Districts.svg
Macau Macau 1999 29 552,300 São Lourenço MapOfMacauMunicipalities.svg
Shanghai Shanghai 1927 6,340 23,019,148 Huangpu Administrative Division Shanghai.png
Tianjin Tianjin 1927 11,760 12,938,224 Heping ColorTianjinMap1.png

Sub-provincial cities that are not themselves provincial capital[edit]

Sub-provincial cities have status that is below that of municipalities, which are independent and equivalent to provinces, but above other, regular prefecture-level divisions, which are completely ruled by their provinces. However, they are marked as same as other provincial capitals (or prefecture-level city if not provincial capital) in almost all maps.

Also, the provincial capitals of these provinces listed below(Guangzhou, Shenyang, Jinan, Hangzhou) are themselves sub-provincial cities (even before 1997 when Chongqing is a sub-provincial city of Sichuan province, since Chengdu is sub-provincial) except Fuzhou, Fujian.

Jurisdiction City Designation Land area (km²) Population (2010) Symbol Seat Map
Fujian Xiamen 1988 1,699 3,531,347 Siming Administrative Division Xiamen.png
Guangdong Shenzhen 1988 2,050 10,357,938 Futian Administrative Divisions of Shenzhen City.svg
Liaoning Dalian 1984 13,237 6,690,432 Xigang Administrative Division Dalian.png
Shandong Qingdao 1986 11,026 8,715,100 Shinan Subdivisions of Qingdao English.svg
Zhejiang Ningbo 1987 9,816 7,605,700 Jiangdong Administrative Division Ningbo.png

See also[edit]