Provinces of Indonesia

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National emblem of Indonesia Garuda Pancasila.svg
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Province of Indonesia
Provinsi Indonesia (Indonesian)
CategoryProvince
LocationRepublic of Indonesia
Number34
Populations622,350 (North Kalimantan) – 43,053,732 (West Java)
Areas664 km2 (256 sq mi) (Jakarta) – 319,036 km2 (123,180 sq mi) (Papua)
GovernmentGovernor
SubdivisionsRegency and city

The Provinces of Indonesia are the 34 largest subdivisions of the country and the highest tier of the local government (formerly called Daerah Tingkat I – level 1 region). Provinces are further divided into regencies and cities (formerly called Daerah Tingkat II – level 2 regions), which are in turn subdivided into subdistricts (kecamatan).

Background[edit]

Each province has its own local government, headed by a governor, and has its own legislative body. The governor and members of local representative bodies are elected by popular vote for five-year terms.

Current provinces[edit]

Indonesia has 34 provinces, eight of which have been created since 1999, namely: North Maluku, West Papua, Banten, Bangka Belitung Islands, Gorontalo, Riau Islands, West Sulawesi and (in late 2012) North Kalimantan.[1]

Five provinces have special status:

The provinces are officially grouped into seven geographical units.[2]

This clickable map shows provinces of Indonesia as of 25 October 2012. Click on a province name to go to its main article.

Table of provinces[edit]

Provinces of Indonesia[3][4]
Seal Province Indonesian acronym ISO[5] Capital Population (2015)[6] Area (km²) Population density
per km²
(2010)
Geographical unit Number
of cities
(kota) and
regencies
(kabupaten)
Number
of cities
(kota)
Number of
regencies
(kabupaten)
Number of
sub-districts (kecamatan)
Number of villages
(desa) and urban
communities
(kelurahan)
Number of
villages
(desa)
Number
of urban
communities
(kelurahan)
Time zone
Coat of arms of Aceh.svg Aceh Aceh ID-AC Banda Aceh 4,993,385 57,956 77 Sumatra 23 5 18 289 6,474 6,474 0 UTC+7
Coat of arms of Bali.svg Bali Bali ID-BA Denpasar 4,148,588 5,780 621 Lesser Sunda Islands 9 1 8 57 716 636 80 UTC+8
Coat of arms of Bangka Belitung Islands.svg Bangka Belitung Islands Babel ID-BB Pangkalpinang 1,370,331 16,424 64 Sumatra 7 1 6 47 387 309 78 UTC+7
Banten coa.png Banten Banten ID-BT Serang 11,934,373 9,662 909 Java 8 4 4 155 1,551 1,238 313 UTC+7
Bengkulu coa.png Bengkulu Bengkulu ID-BE Bengkulu 1,872,136 19,919 84 Sumatra 10 1 9 126 1,513 1,341 172 UTC+7
Coat of arms of Central Java.svg Central Java Jateng ID-JT Semarang 33,753,023 40,800 894 Java 35 6 29 573 8,559 7,809 750 UTC+7
Central Kalimantan coa.png Central Kalimantan Kalteng ID-KT Palangka Raya 2,490,178 153,564 14 Kalimantan 14 1 13 136 1,572 1,434 138 UTC+7
Central Sulawesi coa.png Central Sulawesi Sulteng ID-ST Palu 2,872,857 61,841 41 Sulawesi 13 1 12 174 2,007 1,839 168 UTC+8
Coat of arms of East Java.svg East Java Jatim ID-JI Surabaya 38,828,061 47,799 828 Java 38 9 29 664 8,499 7,723 776 UTC+7
East kalimantan coa.png East Kalimantan[7] Kaltim ID-KI Samarinda 3,422,676 139,462 22 Kalimantan 10 3 7 103 1,029 833 196 UTC+8
Coat of arms of East Nusa Tenggara.svg East Nusa Tenggara NTT ID-NT Kupang 5,112,760 48,718 92 Lesser Sunda Islands 22 1 21 306 3,268 2,950 318 UTC+8
Lambang propinsi gorontalo.jpg Gorontalo Gorontalo ID-GO Gorontalo 1,131,670 11,257 94 Sulawesi 6 1 5 77 729 657 72 UTC+8
Coat of arms of Jakarta.svg Jakarta Special Capital Region DKI ID-JK Central Jakarta 10,154,134 664 12,786 Java 6 5 1 44 267 0 267 UTC+7
Jambi symbol.jpg Jambi Jambi ID-JA Jambi 3,397,164 50,058 57 Sumatra 11 2 9 138 1,561 1,398 163 UTC+7
Lampung coa.png Lampung Lampung ID-LA Bandar Lampung 8,109,601 34,623 226 Sumatra 15 2 13 225 2,640 2,435 205 UTC+7
Maluku coa.png Maluku Maluku ID-MA Ambon 1,683,856 46,914 32 Maluku Islands 11 2 9 118 1,224 1,191 33 UTC+9
Emblem of North Kalimantan.png North Kalimantan Kaltara ID-KU Tanjung Selor 639,639 72,275 10 Kalimantan 5 1 4 50 482 447 35 UTC+8
North Maluku coa.png North Maluku Malut ID-MU Sofifi 1,160,275 31,982 31 Maluku Islands 10 2 8 113 1,180 1,063 117 UTC+9
Coat of arms of North Sulawesi.svg North Sulawesi Sulut ID-SA Manado 2,409,921 13,851 162 Sulawesi 15 4 11 167 1,822 1,490 332 UTC+8
North Sumatra coa.png North Sumatra Sumut ID-SU Medan 13,923,262 72,981 188 Sumatra 33 8 25 436 6,080 5,389 691 UTC+7
Coat of arms of Papua.svg Papua Papua ID-PA Jayapura 3,143,088 319,036 8 Western New Guinea 29 1 28 524 5,225 5,118 107 UTC+9
Coat of arms of Riau.svg Riau Riau ID-RI Pekanbaru 6,330,941 87,023 52 Sumatra 12 2 10 163 1,835 1,592 243 UTC+7
Riau Islands COA.png Riau Islands Kepri ID-KR Tanjung Pinang 1,968,313 8,201 208 Sumatra 7 2 5 66 406 275 141 UTC+7
Coat of arms of Southeast Sulawesi.svg Southeast Sulawesi Sultra ID-SG Kendari 2,495,248 38,067 51 Sulawesi 17 2 15 209 2,197 1,820 377 UTC+8
Lambang Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan.gif South Kalimantan Kalsel ID-KS Banjarmasin 3,984,315 38,744 96 Kalimantan 13 2 11 152 2,007 1,864 143 UTC+8
Coat of arms of South Sulawesi.svg South Sulawesi Sulsel ID-SN Makassar 8,512,608 46,717 151 Sulawesi 24 3 21 306 3,038 2,253 785 UTC+8
Coat of arms of South Sumatra.svg South Sumatra Sumsel ID-SS Palembang 8,043,042 91,592 86 Sumatra 17 4 13 231 3,194 2,817 377 UTC+7
Coat of arms of West Java.svg West Java Jabar ID-JB Bandung 46,668,214 35,377 1,176 Java 27 9 18 626 5,960 5,319 641 UTC+7
Coat of arms of West Kalimantan.svg West Kalimantan Kalbar ID-KB Pontianak 4,783,209 147,307 30 Kalimantan 14 2 12 174 1,997 1,908 89 UTC+7
Coat of arms of West Nusa Tenggara.svg West Nusa Tenggara NTB ID-NB Mataram 4,830,118 18,572 234 Lesser Sunda Islands 10 2 8 116 1,037 995 142 UTC+8
Coat of arms of West Papua.svg West Papua PB ID-PB[8] Manokwari 868,819 97,024 8 Western New Guinea 13 1 12 203 1,705 1,628 87 UTC+9
West Sulawesi coa.png West Sulawesi Sulbar ID-SR Mamuju 1,279,994 16,787 73 Sulawesi 6 0 6 69 647 576 71 UTC+8
Coat of arms of West Sumatra.svg West Sumatra Sumbar ID-SB Padang 5,190,577 42,012 110 Sumatra 19 7 12 179 1,139 880 259 UTC+7
Coat of arms of Yogyakarta.svg Special Region of Yogyakarta DIY ID-YO Yogyakarta 3,675,768 3,133 1,138 Java 5 1 4 78 438 392 46 UTC+7

Former provinces[edit]

President Sukarno's announcement showing the early eight provinces of Indonesia.

Upon the independence of Indonesia, eight provinces were established: West Java, Central Java, East Java, and Maluku still exist as of today despite later divisons, while Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Lesser Sunda were fully liquidated. The province of Central Sumatra existed from 1948 to 1957, while East Timor was annexed as a province from 1976 until its independence as a country in 1999.

Province Capital Period Successor(s)
Central Sumatra
(Sumatera Tengah)[9][10]
Bukittinggi 1948–1957 Jambi
Riau
West Sumatra
East Timor
(Timor Timur)[11]
Dili 1976–1999 Timor Leste (country)
Kalimantan[12] Banjarmasin 1945–1956 East Kalimantan
South Kalimantan
West Kalimantan
Lesser Sunda
(Sunda Kecil)[13]
Singaraja 1945–1958 Bali
East Nusa Tenggara
West Nusa Tenggara
Sulawesi[14] Makassar / Manado 1945–1960 North Sulawesi
South Sulawesi
Sumatra[9] Bukittinggi / Medan 1945–1948 Central Sumatra
North Sumatra
South Sumatra

See also[edit]

General:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "House Agrees on Creation of Indonesia's 34th Province: 'North Kalimantan'". The Jakarta Post. 2012-10-22. Archived from the original on 2013-01-12. Retrieved 2014-10-26.
  2. ^ ISO 3166-2:ID
  3. ^ Data Wilayah – Kementerian Dalam Negeri – Republik Indonesia
  4. ^ http://www.kemendagri.go.id/media/documents/2015/02/25/l/a/lampiran_i.pdf Archived 2016-11-19 at the Wayback Machine. BUKU INDUK KODE DAN DATA WILAYAH ADMINISTRASI PEMERINTAHAN PER PROVINSI, KABUPATEN/KOTA DAN KECAMATAN SELURUH INDONESIA
  5. ^ ISO 3166-2:ID (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of Indonesia)
  6. ^ Statistics Indonesia (November 2015). "Result of the 2015 Intercensal Population Census" (PDF). Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  7. ^ figures adjusted to take account of the separation of Tarakan City and four regencies, as confirmed by Biro Pusat Statistik, to form the new province of North Kalimantan, listed separately in this table.
  8. ^ West Papua was created from the western portion of Papua province in February, 2003, initially under the name of Irian Jaya Barat, and was renamed Papua Barat (West Papua) on 2007-02-07. The split remains controversial. In November 2004, an Indonesian court agreed that the split violated Papua's autonomy laws. However, the court ruled that because the new province had already been created, it should remain separate from Papua. The ruling also prohibited the creation of another proposed province, Central Irian Jaya, because the split was not yet completed. As of June, 2008, an ISO 3166-2 code has not yet been published for West Papua. If one were to follow precedent, it would be ID-PB. Note: ISO 3166-2 Newsletter II-1 (corrected 2010-02-19) page 18-19 confirms this as ID-PB. See http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_3166-2_newsletter_ii-1_corrected_2010-02-19.pdf . The code ID-IJ now refers to the larger geographical region including Papua and West Papua.
  9. ^ a b hukum.unsrat.ac.id/pp/pp_21_1950.pdf
  10. ^ "Undang-Undang Darurat Nomor 19 Tahun 1957". hukumonline.com. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  11. ^ http://www.bphn.go.id/data/documents/76uu007.pdf
  12. ^ "Undang-Undang Nomor 25 Tahun 1956". hukumonline.com. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  13. ^ "Undang-Undang Nomor 64 Tahun 1958". hukumonline.com. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  14. ^ "Peraturan Pemerintah Pengganti Undang-Undang Nomor 47 Tahun 1960". hukumonline.com. Retrieved 14 November 2018.

External links[edit]