List of car-free places
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This is a list of car-free places, defined as an extended area where car access is prohibited or very limited.
Most or all of the area is essentially car-free
Large area that is nearly car-free
|Country||Location||Type||Area (km2)||Approximate population||Comments|
|Argentina||La Cumbrecita, Córdoba||Town||hundreds||A small secluded alpine-like village. Focused on eco-tourism, no paved roads, transport on foot.
|Australia||Rundle Mall, Adelaide||City center||Section of Rundle Street, 320m long, in the heart of Adelaide's central business district. Largest urban pedestrian area in the southern hemisphere. No private or transit vehicles allowed, only the emergency or construction vehicles.|
|Rottnest Island, Western Australia||Island||19||300||No cars allowed on island, all transport is on foot, bicycle or the regular bus service.|
|Maria Island, Tasmania||Island||115.5||15||No cars allowed on island, all transport is on foot or bicycles. Park rangers are only permanent residents.|
|Green Island, Queensland||Island||0.15||1||Tourist island and national park. No cars allowed, helicopter access via helipad on southern side of the island, for transit and emergency access. Island contains a resort: majority of transport is on foot (few electric carts are used for emergencies and maintenance work).|
|Lord Howe Island, New South Wales||Island||14.55||350||A small number of resident permits, however most transport is on foot or bicycles.|
|Melbourne city centre (some areas)||City center||20,000||Bourke Street Mall and large number of city laneways including Block Arcade, Royal Arcade, Degraves Lane, QV, City Square and Federation Square. Home to growing residential population. No private cars, some exemptions for Swanston Street. Bicycles not allowed on Bourke Street Mall.|
|Queen Street Mall, Brisbane Queensland||City center||Central shopping area, connects with King George Square. No private cars. Underground busway.|
|Sydney central business district (some areas)||City center||Central shopping area. Pitt Street Mall, Martin Place and tourist precinct Darling Harbour, New South Wales. Much of George Street, Sydney.|
|Dangar Island, New South Wales||Island||0.29||303||No private cars allowed, most transport is on foot, bicycle or wheelbarrow.|
|Falls Creek, Victoria (winter only)||Town||252||Snowsports resort. Roads in the town area are closed to cars during the snow season, but open to snowmobiles and snowcats. Snowsport riders often use the roads to access pistes.|
|Belgium||Brussels||City center||0.5||Largest car-free city area in Europe.|
|Louvain-la-Neuve||Town||29,521||University town. Surface is car-free. Streets and parking are below pedestrian streets|
|Ghent||City center||0.5||Second-largest car-free area in Belgium. Public transport, taxis and permit holders may enter but not exceed 20 km/h|
|Hasselt||City center||Most streets inside the "Groene Boulevard" are car-free or very low traffic.|
|Kortrijk||City center||First car-free shopping street in Belgium.
|Bolivia||Isla del Sol||Island||14.3||1,984|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Baščaršija, Sarajevo||City center||The Old City is entirely free of motorized vehicles.
|Brazil||Ilha do Mel, Paraná||Island||3.93||Small island offshore of Paranaguá, entirely car-free. All goods and materials are carted around by big wheel barrows. The economy is traditionally fishing but ecotourism is now a big part of economy. 95% of island is now an ecological reserve. Villages are connected by 2 meter wide sandy walking paths|
|Ilha Grande, Rio de Janeiro||Island||193||5,000||Large car-free island off the coast of the state, part of Angra dos Reis municipality. Only allowed vehicles are bicycles, tractors and rentable jeeps.|
|Paquetá Island, Rio de Janeiro||Island||7,000||Car-free island in Guanabara Bay, an hour by ferry from downtown Rio. Residents ride bikes, which they park along the curbs of the island's tamped sand streets. In the south portion of the island, Danke de Mattos Park is cycle-free.|
|China||Discovery Bay, Hong Kong||City district||14,300||Modern residential development set on the northeastern coast of Lantau Island. Private cars are prohibited, however buses, delivery vehicles, and vehicles owned by the developer are allowed. Residents travel internally by bus or a controlled number of private golf carts, and commute externally via the ferry or by bus.|
|Ma Wan, Hong Kong||Island||0.97||15,700||Private cars are prohibited on the island, which has road connections to the Lantau Link; however buses and delivery vehicles as well as vehicles owned by the developer are allowed. Residents commute externally via the ferry or by bus.|
|Cheung Chau, Hong Kong||Island||2.46||30,000||No full size automobiles allowed. A few miniature emergency vehicles exist as do small utilitarian vehicles. Residents walk, via an extensive and well-maintained network of trails. The island is connected by ferries to the rest of Hong Kong.|
|Lamma Island, Hong Kong||Island||13.55||6,000||Third largest island in Hong Kong. No full size automobiles allowed, except for the area within the Hong Kong Electricity power station. A few miniature emergency vehicles exist as do small utilitarian vehicles. Residents walk, via an extensive and well-maintained network of trails. The island is connected by ferries to the rest of Hong Kong.|
|Dayan Old Town, Lijiang City, Yunnan, China||City center||Cars are prohibited in this section of Lijiang. Given the cobblestone paths, bridges and network of waterways, driving would be impossible anyway. Though tourism is the dominant economic activity, the residents rely on foot, basket, and trike to keep the area functioning.|
|Gulangyu, Xiamen, Fujian, China||Island||3.16||16,000||Small Island near Xiamen. All vehicles, including bicycles, are banned on the island, with some electric vehicles circulating for tourist transit and emergency services.|
|Peng Chau||Island||0.99||6,357 (2006)||
|Colombia||Santa Cruz del Islote||Island||0.01||1,247||
|Costa Rica||Parismina, Limón||Town||600||Small coastal village has no paved roads and one tractor for trash collection.|
|Tortuguero, Limón||Town||500||A small village located near the Tortuguero National Park, it is located on a small "island" that is bordered on one side by the ocean and on the other by a river canal. The island is only accessible by boat or airplane.|
|Dubrovnik||City center||Old walled city nearly car-free|
|Rovinj||City center||The old town is reported to be largely or entirely car-free|
|Split||City center||Diocletian's Palace and adjoining areas to the west are free of cars.
|Denmark||Ertholmene||Archipelago||96||Passenger car-free ferry arrive to there, from Bornholm. The largest island is Christiansø.|
|Finland||Suomenlinna||Island||0.8||850||car-free fortress in Helsinki, service traffic allowed.
|France||Mont Saint-Michel||Island||4||60||Car-free fortress/abbey|
|Île de Porquerolles, near Toulon||Island||12.54||5,000 (summers)||Resort. Island is car-lite and many areas car-free. Non-residents are not allowed to have cars.|
|Île de Sein, Bretagne||Island||0.58||214 (summer: 1,500)|||
|Île de Batz, Bretagne||Island||3.05||594|
|Archipel du Frioul, near Marseille||Archipelago||4||86|||
|Île d'Yeu, Vendée||City center||5,000 (summer: 40,000)||Large car-free center|
|Port Grimaud||City center||Resort|
|Freiburg im Breisgau||City center||10,000||Large car-free center (610 x 720 m). Medieval university town. Minimal car traffic is permitted on some streets. Trams provide access. Progressively pedestrianised since 1971. Widely seen as a pioneer of "car-free"/people oriented development.|
|Former US-Army area/Hartmannstrasse, Erlangen||City district||2,000||Car parking concentrated in some multi-storey car parks|
|Bonhoefferweg-Siedlung, Erlangen||City district||200||Car parking outside the residential area|
|Frauenchiemsee||Island||0.15||300||Island in lake Chiemsee, historic abbey|
|Heligoland||Island||1.7||1,650||North Sea Island. In addition to cars, bicycles are banned.|
|Baltrum||Island||6.5||510||East Frisian Islands|
|Hiddensee||Island||19.02||1,200||Baltic Sea Island|
|Gröde||Island||2.52||10||North Frisian Islands|
|Greece||Hydra||Island||50||3,000||No motorized vehicles on the entire island|
|Lindos/Rhodes||Town||Motorized traffic impossible due to narrow streets|
|Mount Athos||Peninsula||1,400||Motorized traffic of non residents is prohibited. Local traffic is extremely limited with only some vehicles used by the monastic community for essential communication, and transportation needs|
|Hungary||Margaret Island, Budapest||Island||0.97||3||Entry by cars forbidden except for a single bus line and taxis; service traffic of local stores and restaurants are allowed to enter
|India||Elephanta Island, Maharashtra||Island||16||1,200||Automobiles are not allowed on island to keep the area pollution free. Residents and tourist reach island on boat and then have to walk by foot. There is small miniature train which takes tourists from pier to steps of historic caves.|
|North Sentinel Island||Island||72||250||
|Indonesia||Gili Islands||Archipelago||15||thousands||popular tourist destination|
|North Pagai||Island||622.3||14,743 (2010)|
|Israel||Old City, East Jerusalem||City district||35,000||Most of the old walled city is a maze of alleys and narrow streets accessible only to foot traffic. Small motorised "mini-tractors" are permitted for goods delivery. Previously the area was truly car-free when donkeys were used for goods delivery, but they are now banned because of the associated hygiene problems.
|Italy||Venice||Island||5.17||50,000||City built on many islands connected by bridges. Entire city is completely car-free, except at the bus station square. Transport on foot or by water|
|Giudecca||Island||0.59||5,000||Group of islands linked by bridges in the Venetian lagoon|
|Murano||Island||1.17||5,000||Group of islands linked by bridges in the Venetian lagoon|
|Burano||Island||0.21||2,777||Group of islands linked by bridges in the Venetian lagoon|
|Capri||Island||Eastern part of the island, about 20% of overall area is carfree. Island resort, car-free area includes the main city centre with shopping roads and major high-class hotels|
|Isola dei Pescatori||Island||0,03||50||
|Saganoshima||Island||3.18||161||No personal cars, only public minibus service
|Kenya||Lamu||Island||thousands||Lamu town is an old, Swahili settlement where only foot, cycle and donkey traffic is allowed.|
|Lebanon||Tripoli||City center||The old city of Tripoli consists of narrow alleys and stairs that do not accommodate cars.
|Libya||Tripoli||City center||The old city is the most popular tourist destination in Libya, it consists of large number of traditional shops, and a national museum.
|Madagascar||Nosy Komba||Island||25||4,000|
|Île aux Nattes||Island||3||1,500
|Malaysia||Perhentian Islands||Archipelago||15.35||thousands||popular tourist destination|
|Holbox||Island||1,486||Only sand roads with golf carts and very few cars|
|Mexcaltitán de Uribe||Island||818||The island is completely car-free. Access is by small boats.|
|Xochimilco||Archipelago||Dozens of islands, some densely urbanized, in Laguna del Toro, San Lorenzo, La Santísima, and Xaltocan. There is no access to most islands of Xochimilco by car, though pedestrian bridges or informal ferry services exist to most of the urbanized islands.
|Morocco||Fes el Bali, Fes||City district||2.2||156,000 (2002)||Larger of the two medinas of Fes, it is a nearly intact medieval city. Designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1981. Its medieval streets are entirely inaccessible by automobile. A few access streets for emergency vehicles are being built. It is the most populated car-free district in the world.|
|Fes Jdid, Fes||City district||100,000||Fes-el-Jdid was originally an extension of Fes-el-Bali, the larger of the two medinas of Fes, and therefore is structured very similarly. Alongside Fes-el-Bali, it was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1981, under the name 'Medina of Fez'. Fes-el-Jdid's streets tend to be narrower and less used than those of Jes-el-Bali, and similarly, only foot, cycle, donkey and cart traffic is seen within the medina.|
|Medina of Essaouira||City district||77,000 (2014)||Formerly called Mogador, it is a walled city on the coast of Morocco built in the 17th Century. Designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001. Most of the narrow streets are inaccessible by car, and there is a ban on cars within the walls of the city. However, this rule is ignored by many. The few main streets wide enough to accommodate cars allow donkey and cart traffic as well as emergency vehicles.|
|Souks, Marrakesh||City district||Only old sections of the city are car-free, namely the souks, or marketplaces located in the centre. The streets are only narrow enough for pedestrians, cyclists or motorcyclists. The surrounding medina was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.|
|Medina of Meknes||City district||A walled city with narrow streets, Meknes Medina is car-free since it is mostly inaccesible to cars. Motorcycles, bicycles, pedestrians and carts can traverse it. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site, under the name 'Historic City of Meknes', in 1996.|
|Medina of Casablanca||City district||The streets are only narrow enough for pedestrians, cyclists or motorcyclists. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.|
|Medina of Chefchaouen||City district||42,000||Only the medina in the city is car-free, as the streets are only narrow enough for pedestrians, cyclists or motorcyclists.|
|Medina of Tangier||City district||Only the medina in the city is car-free, as the streets are only narrow enough for pedestrians, cyclists or motorcyclists.
|Nepal||Khumbu||Town||9,000||Khumbu valley. Transport by foot or animals
|Netherlands||Giethoorn||City center||2,500||Transport by canal boat, bicycle or by foot in this area|
|Orvelte||Town||230||This is a town and museum in one. The 230 residents live inside the museum village. Parking is on the outskirts of the village.|
|Tokelau||Island||10||1,466||Although cars are allowed on the islands, due to its limited development, only 4 cars are present on the whole of the 4 islands.
|Nicaragua||Little Corn Island||Island||495||Small Caribbean island with no roads, only footpaths. The island is accessible by taking a motorboat at Big Corn Island.|
|Solentiname||Archipelago||38||1,000||Several islands in Lake Nicaragua - access by boat only no cars on the islands
|Óbidos||Town||3,100||Medieval walled hill town (now tourist area); only residents permitted to drive into the town, although cars are a nuisance
|Sierra Leone||Bonthe||Town and surrounding island[clarification needed]||10,206||Bonthe is a densely populated, compact coastal town and hosts the government's headquarters for the District of Bonthe, Southern Province. It is a former British colony, and all but three streets (Heddle Rd, Medina St, and King St) are only about 1 meter wide. Aside from some concrete portions of Heddle Rd, which also serves as a seawall, there is no tarmac in the town. The town is served daily by passenger boats with a capacity of 50 persons or less from Matru Jong and Yagoi. These boats cannot accommodate cars.
|Slovenia||Ljubljana||City center||Slow-moving taxis ("Kavalir") provide free rides for the elderly, pregnant people, and others.
|Spain||Málaga||City center||0.0039||Moorish and 19th-century historic center. Car-free and limited access streets|
|Bilbao||City center||Casco Viejo (Old Town) district has narrow streets with limited car access|
|Vitoria-Gasteiz||City center||Medieval quarter and 19th-century center. Most of the old walled city, as well as most of the "Ensanche" streets are car-free|
|City center||Pontevedra's car free center helped transform it into one of the most accessible European cities, leading to various European and American studies on its exemplary urban planning been carried out in recent years.|
|Switzerland||Zermatt||Town||5,687||car-free Alpine resort with prototype "Utility Area" at the entrance; slow electric taxis and freight vehicles used, although these are sometimes driven at higher speeds|
|Bettmeralp||Town||Alpine resort, sometimes considerable traffic of utility vehicles|
|Rigi||Town||Mountain resort, some utility vehicles|
|Saas-Fee||Town||1,607||Alpine resort; small electric utility vehicles|
|Stoos||Town||Alpine resort; small electric utility vehicles, mainly from the resorts hotels.|
|Mürren||Town||450||Alpine resort; some utility traffic|
|Thailand||Islands in the Gulf of Thailand and Andaman Sea[clarification needed]||Archipelago||thousands||Several island are not accessible to cars, but the large ones may have motorbike tracks.|
|Turkey||Büyükada||Island||5.4||7,320||Almost entirely car-free.|
|Channel Islands||Island of Sark||Island||5.44||492||Entirely car-free (only motorized vehicles are tractors)|
|Island of Herm||Island||2||60||Cars and bicycles are both banned (quad bikes are allowed, but only for maintenance)
|United Kingdom||York||City center||Part of the city centre is car-free (approximately 400 x 400 m) during the day. Restricted access for deliveries; disabled car access and parking is maintained.|
|Leeds||City center||Entire city centre shopping district centred on Briggate (approximately 400 x 400 m). Pedestrian precinct (access for delivery to some areas is allowed).|
|Clovelly||Town||1,600||Village in North Devon|
|Cardiff||City center||Most of Central Cardiff is car-free (approximately 500x500m), including Queen Street, The Hayes, High Street and parts of St Mary Street. Around 2.7 km of connected pedestrian streets. There are also several arcades (covered streets) in the city centre.|
|United States||Mackinac Island, Michigan||Island||9,8||523||Cars were initially banned from streets in July, 1898. The use or possession of any motor vehicle is against the law, with very limited exceptions. In rare cases, vehicles are permitted to be transported to and operated on the island.|
|Monhegan, Maine||Town||69||Visitors cars not allowed|
|Beaver River, New York||Town||8||Small hamlet, also lacking electric power, at east end of Stillwater Reservoir in the Adirondacks can only be reached by hiking trail, boat or electric rail car; in winter, only overland access is possible. One of only two permanently inhabited places in the entire Eastern United States inaccessible by road.|
|Fire Island, New York||Island||491 (summer: 15,000)||Most of the island is accessible only by passenger ferries, or by foot or bicycle from the parking lot at the western end (which is reachable by a cars-only bridge); wagons used for transport. Residents can get car access permits for non-summer months. The community of Cherry Grove has boardwalk streets only five feet wide and is completely inaccessible to conventional motor vehicles. It is one of the most populous truly car-free areas in the United States.|
|Governors Island, New York||Island||0||Cars and trucks are only allowed for specific purposes. Electric golf carts and minibuses are in limited use by park staff and contractors. Bicycles and human-powered quad vehicles are allowed and available for rent. Access is via ferry or private, human-powered boat.|
|Rock Island, Wisconsin||Island||0||State park, ferry access from nearby Washington Island. No cars or bicycles allowed.|
- "Melbourne: A Pedestrian Paradise". Streetfilms.
- The Age, January 27, 2010
- "George Street - City of Sydney". www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-01-17.
- "Boipeba Island". www.ilhaboipeba.org.br. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
- Îles sans voitures, Marcel Robert, 2013. L'auteur présente cet ouvrage 22 îles : Houat, Hœdic, Sein, Aix, Frioul, Sercq, Molène, Batz, Bréhat, Juist, Hiddensee, Langeoog, Baltrum, Heligoland, Prvić, Zlarin, Hydra, Büyükada, Gulangyu, Mackinac, Lamu et Venise.
- Brouillard, Etienne (2014). Îles de rêve sans voitures : 34 îles en Europe et 10 îles en France. Paris: Hachette tourisme. ISBN 978-2-01-244069-2.
- Top 10 Laid-back Islands without Cars
- Carfree France
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- Elephanta island on Lonely Planet
- Conserving and Valuing Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity: Economic, Institutional and Social Challenges, Livre numérique Google, page 117, 2012
- Malawi Bradt Travel Guides, page 271, 2016
- Frommer's 500 Extraordinary Islands, Livre numérique Google, ISBN 0470500700, page 24, 2010
- carfree.com by J.H. Crawford
- carfree.com by J.H. Crawford
- "Tokelau looks to independence". The Sunday Star-Times. October 21, 2007. Retrieved October 15, 2011.
- Lyngør, sur visitnorway.com
- Talim Island
- Fadiouth, l’île aux coquillages
- About Easdale: An Introduction to Easdale Island, easdale.org
- Mackinac State Historic Parks (1999). "Early Automobiles on Mackinac Island". Michigan Department of Natural Resources. Archived from the original on 14 November 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
[T]he running of horseless carriages be prohibited within the limits of the village of Mackinac
- City of Mackinac Island, Michigan, Code of Ordinances §66.33, et seq. 
- Huschka, Amy (23 September 2019). "Shepler's Ferry responds to Mike Pence motorcade backlash: 'Exceptions always exist'". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 14 January 2021.