List of carillons

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Traditional carillons, non-traditional carillons, and pseudo-carillons – each per continent and country in an (often incomplete) alphabetical list by location.

Traditional carillons[edit]

(Carillons as defined by the World Carillon Federation[1] and by the Guild of Carillonneurs in North America,[2] played from a baton keyboard)

Africa[edit]

South Africa[edit]

  • Cape Town: Carillon in the City Hall Clock Tower by Taylor, Loughborough, England ca. 1905, 40 bells.

Asia[edit]

Israel[edit]

Japan[edit]

  • Itami, Hyōgo: 'The Bells of Flanders', 43 bells.
  • Sasebo, Nagasaki: Carillon Symphonica in the 'Huis ten Bosch', 37 bells.
  • Shigaraki, Shiga: 'The Joy of Angels' at Misono, the international headquarters and spiritual centre of the Shinji Shumeikai organisation, 50 bells.

Philippines[edit]

South Korea[edit]

  • Daejeon: Carillon at KAIST
  • Daejeon: Carillon at Hyechon College, 77 bells by Petit & Fritsen linked to the keyboard. The Hyechon Tower's nearly 11.0-ton 78th bell only strikes the hour.

Europe[edit]

Belgium[edit]

Assumed to be a complete list. Format: municipality (village), region: building, carillon name and/or unusual features, # bells – total bell weight in tonnes (lightest / heaviest in kg) – foundry year-oldest/year-youngest, foundry2 year-oldest/year-youngest – external link to the carillon

Brussels[edit]
Flanders[edit]
  • Aalst, Flanders: Belfry, 52 bells – 3.8 t
  • Antwerp, Flanders: Cathedral of Our Lady, 49 bells – 27.6 t
  • Antwerp (Kiel), Flanders: St. Catherine Church, 47 bells – 1.8 t
  • Antwerp (Borgerhout), Flanders: District Hall Tower, 47 bells – 5.5 t
  • Brakel (Nederbrakel), Flanders: St. Peter in Chains Church, 49 bells – 9.6 t
  • Bruges, Flanders: Belfry, 47 bells – 27.5 t
  • Damme, Flanders: City Hall, 39 bells – 1.2 t
  • Deinze, Flanders: Church of Our Lady, 48 bells – 3.9 t
  • Dendermonde, Flanders: Belfry, 49 bells – 6.8 t
  • Diest, Flanders: Saints Sulpitius and Dionysius Church, 47 bells – 3.2 t
  • Diksmuide, Flanders: Belfry, 30 bells – 1.1 t
  • Eeklo, Flanders: Belfry, 30 bells
  • Genk, Flanders: St Martins Tower, 52 bells – 11.6 t
  • Geraardsbergen, Flanders: St. Bartholomew Church, 49 bells – 7.9 t
  • Ghent, Flanders: Belfry, 54 bells – 30.1 t[6]
  • Grimbergen, Flanders: St. Gervace Basilica, 49 bells – 7.0 t[7]
  • Haaltert, Flanders: St. Gorik Tower, 44 bells – 5.2 t
  • Halle, Flanders: Basilica of Our Lady, 54 bells – 12.9 t
  • Harelbeke, Flanders: St. Salvator Tower, 50 bells – 7.2 t
  • Hasselt, Flanders: St. Quentin Cathedral, 54 bells – 11.0 t
  • Herentals, Flanders: Belfry, 49 bells – 3.7 t
  • Herzele, Flanders: 'Schepenhuis' (verbatim: Aldermen House), 28 bells – 1.7 t
  • Hoogstraten, Flanders: St. Catherine Church, 50 bells – 11.8 t
  • Ypres, Flanders: Belfry, 49 bells – 11.9 t
  • Izegem, Flanders: St. Hilonius Church, 47 bells – 10.1 t
  • Kortrijk, Flanders: Belfry, 48 bells – 1.7 t
  • Kortrijk, Flanders: St. Martins Church, 49 bells – 18.5 t
  • Lede, Flanders: St. Martins Church, 24 bells – 0.8 t
  • Leuven, Flanders: St. Gertrudis Church, 49 bells – 15.1 t
  • Leuven, Flanders: St. Peter's Church, 49 bells – 17.5 t
  • Leuven, Flanders: University, Central Library, American Engineers' Memorial Carillon, 63 bells – 35.3 t
  • Lier, Flanders: St. Gummarus Church, 47 bells – 20.0 t
  • Lokeren, Flanders: St. Laurens Tower, Keyboard 2000 console, 49 bells – 16.8 t
  • Lommel, Flanders: St. Peter in Chains Church, 63 bells – 15.5 t – Eijsbouts 2000 (incl. tuning of 2 bells cast by Michiels)[8]
  • Mechelen, Flanders: Court of Busleyden, carillon for the international Royal Carillon School "Jef Denyn", 49 bells – 2.5 t
  • Mechelen, Flanders: Church of Our Lady across the Dijle, 50 bells – 9.1 t
  • Mechelen, Flanders: St. Rumbold's Cathedral, the tower contains two functional carillons, each having 49 bells – the old 36.0 and the new 40.0 t
  • Meise, Flanders: St. Martins Church, 56 bells – 5.3 t
  • Menen, Flanders: Belfry, 49 bells – 4.8 t
  • Mol, Flanders: Saints Peter and Paul Church, 49 bells – 16.5 t
  • Mol (Postel), Flanders: Norbertine Abbey, 49 bells – 2.5 t
  • Nieuwpoort, Flanders: Church of Our Lady, 67 bells – 9.0 t
  • Ninove, Flanders: City Hall, 30 bells
  • Ostend, Flanders: Festivities and Culture Palace, 49 bells – 12.4 t
  • Oudenaarde, Flanders: St. Walburga Church, 49 bells – 15.3 t
  • Peer, Flanders: St. Trudo Church, 64 bells – 17.2 t
  • Poperinge, Flanders: St. Bertinus Church, 47 bells – 4.4 t
  • Roeselare, Flanders: St. Michaels Church, 49 bells – 5.2 t
  • Ronse, Flanders: St. Hermes Collegial Church, 49 bells – 12.5 t
  • Scherpenheuvel-Zichem (Scherpenheuvel), Flanders: Basilica of Our Lady, 49 bells – 13.2 t
  • Sint-Niklaas, Flanders: City Hall, 49 bells – 5.2 t
  • Sint-Truiden, Flanders: Belfry, 50 (other source 41) bells – 5.6 t
  • Sint-Truiden (Kortenbos), Flanders: Basilica of Our Lady's Ascension, 27 bells – 0.7 t
  • Steenokkerzeel, Flanders: St. Rumolds Tower, 49 bells – 7.2 t
  • Temse, Flanders: Municipal Hall, 38 bells by Paccard (1976) and Rudolf Perner (2009)
  • Tielt, Flanders: Belfry, 35 bells – 0.8 t
  • Tienen, Flanders: St. Germains Church, city carillon, 54 bells – 7.0 t
  • Tongeren, Flanders: Basilica of Our Lady, 49 (other source 42) bells – 8.0 t
  • Turnhout, Flanders: St. Peters Church, 52 bells – 10.0 t
  • Veurne, Flanders: St. Nicolas Church, 48 bells – 9.3 t
  • Wingene, Flanders: St. Amands Tower, 37 bells – 4.5 t
  • Zottegem, Flanders: Church of Our Lady's Ascension, 49 bells – 6.8 t
  • Zoutleeuw, Flanders: St. Leonards Collegial Church, 39 bells – 1.2 t
  • Zwijndrecht (Burcht), Flanders: St. Martins Church 'Openluchtbeiaard' (Carillon in open air), 37 bells – 1.8 t
Wallonia[edit]

France[edit]

Carillonneur Brian Swager plays the carillon at the Cathedral Saint-Jean-Baptiste (John the Baptist) in Perpignan, France.

Germany[edit]

Very incomplete list; there are about 45 carillons[17] in Germany. Format: municipality (village), federal state: building, carillon name and/or unusual features, # bells – total bell weight in tonnes (lightest / heaviest in kg) – foundry year-oldest/year-youngest, foundry2 year-oldest/year-youngest – external link to the carillon

Ireland[edit]

Italy[edit]

  • Rome: St. Paul's Within the Walls, 23 bells.

Lithuania[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

East Netherlands[edit]
North Netherlands[edit]
South Netherlands[edit]
West Netherlands[edit]

Norway[edit]

In addition Sandefjord has 25 bells, Molde has 26 bells and Hamar has 24 bells (2004, presented at the 150th anniversary of the city)

Poland[edit]

Portugal[edit]

  • Alverca: Church. 72 bells. The newest, and second biggest in Europe and the third worldwide. Bells were cast by the Dutch foundry Eijsbouts and valued at 500.000 euros in 2005.
  • Leiria: Tower of cathedral. 23 bells.
  • Mafra: In royal palace. 2 carillons totaling 114 bells.[33]
  • Porto: Tower of Clerigos. 49 bells.

Russia[edit]

Serbia[edit]

Spain[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Switzerland[edit]

  • Carouge: Église Sainte-Croix, 36 bells by Rüestchi (2001), Kervand (1839), Pitton (1787), Aubry (XVIIe).
  • Geneva: Cathédrale, 37 bells by Fribor (1460) Paccard-Rüestchi (1931), Rüestchi (1986 & 1991) and Paccard (2011).
  • Lens: Église, 24 bells by Rüestchi (1958 - 1967 - 1995)
  • Pully: Église de Rosiaz, Carillon de Chantemerle, 48 bells by Eijsbouts (1953), Rudolf Perner (2011) and Laudy (2014).
  • Saint-Maurice: Abbaye, 49 cloches by Paccard (2010), Rüestchi (1947) and Eisjbouts (2004).

Ukraine[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Bournville Junior School and carillon

There are 19 carillons in the United Kingdom.

North America[edit]

Canada[edit]

Dominican Republic[edit]

  • Higüey, Altagracia: La Catedral Basílica de Nuestra Señora de la Altagracia;[44] 45 bronze bells cast by Paccard Foundrie De Cloche, Annecy, France, in 1977.[45] This carillon was restored and fitted with a computer controller in the 1990s by Msr. Pierre Paccard and Mr. L. Eckert.ast in

Mexico[edit]

  • Mexico City, D.F.: The Banobras Carillon. 47 bells, in the world's tallest carillon tower (125m), which is part of the old headquarters of the Banco Nacional de Obras y Servicios Publicos in the Tlatelolco neighbourhood.[46]

United States[edit]

Eastern United States[edit]
Century Tower
Gainesville, Florida
Central United States[edit]
Rees Memorial Carillon
Springfield, Illinois
University of Wisconsin–Madison Carillon Tower
Western United States[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

  • Wellington: The National War Memorial Carillon. 74 bells.

South America[edit]

Argentina[edit]

  • Buenos Aires: The carillon at the Basílica de la Merced, 1923, first Argentinian carillon.
  • Buenos Aires: carillon from the Buenos Aires City Legislature building, 1931, 35 bells from Apolda, Germany, from Franz Schilling Sohne. Largest: 4.800 kg, smallest: 25 kg.
  • La Plata: The carillon at the Cathedral of La Plata, 1990, 25 bells, from Poli, Italy. Largest: 3.400 kg, smallest: 45 kg.
  • Mercedes, Buenos Aires province: Iglesia de San Patricio, 1932, 24 bells.
  • Tandil, Buenos Aires Province: Iglesia del Santísimo Sacramento, 1930. 2 bells from Buenos Aires (1878), one from Tandil (1888), 8 bells from Westfalia, by Bochumen Verein (1925), 3 bells from Fundalum, in Tandil (2010), actually 10 new bells being to be installed for a total of 24.

Traveling carillons[edit]

Only about a dozen carillons worldwide are intended to perform at several locations, or even while being driven around.

Belgium[edit]

  • Mechelen, Flanders: 30 bells.
  • Mons, Wallonia: Carillon Queen Fabiola, 49 bells

Czech Republic[edit]

  • The Traveling Carillon of Prague. 57 Bells.[7] Traveling carillon of Zvonarstvi Manousek.

Germany[edit]

  • Passau, Bavaria: 49 bells. The traveling carillon of the Rudolf Perner bellfoundry.
  • Raschau, Saxony: Traveling carillon of the Süss-Mühle in Raschau with 25 porcellain bells.[104]

Netherlands[edit]

  • Maastricht: 43 bells. The traveling carillon of Dutch carilloneur Frank Steijns.[105]

United States[edit]

  • Cast in Bronze: 35 bells. Frank DellaPenna is the founder of this traveling carillon.[106]
  • Hall Family Carillon: 35 bells. Tours performing Cast in Bronze year-round.
  • Mobile Millennium Traveling Carillon: 48 bells. Owned by Chime Master in Lancaster, OH

Non-traditional carillons[edit]

(Instruments with bells defined as non-traditional carillons by the Guild of Carillonneurs in North America,[107] played from an electric keyboard or by any automatic mechanism)

Australia[edit]

Belgium[edit]

Format: municipality (village), region: building, carillon name and/or unusual features, # bells – total bell weight in tonnes (lightest / heaviest in kg) – foundry year-oldest/year-youngest, foundry2 year-oldest/year-youngest – external link to the carillon

  • Saint-Hubert, Wallonia: Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul, Carillon Saint Hubert, 23 bells – Eijsbouts 2011

Norway[edit]

Philippines[edit]

South Africa[edit]

  • Cape Town: Carillon in the City Hall Clock Tower by J. Smith & Sons, Midland Clock Works, Derby, England, ca 1905. 12 bells. Electrically driven drum mechanism.

United States[edit]

Eastern United States[edit]

Central United States[edit]

Western United States[edit]

Pseudo-carillons[edit]

(Instruments which sound like a carillon but fall outside the definitions of a carillon by the World Carillon Federation and by the Guild of Carillonneurs in North America[115])

Philippines[edit]

United States[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Organization". The World Carillon Federation. The definition of a carillon is fixed as follows: 'A carillon is a musical instrument composed of tuned bronze bells which are played from a baton keyboard'. Only those carillons having at least 23 bells will be taken into consideration. 
  2. ^ The Guild of Carillonneurs in North America (GCNA) defines a carillon as "a musical instrument consisting of at least two octaves of carillon bells arranged in chromatic series and played from a keyboard permitting control of expression through variation of touch. A carillon bell is a cast bronze cup-shaped bell whose partial tones are in such harmonious relationship to each other as to permit many such bells to be sounded together in varied chords with harmonious and concordant effect." The GCNA's Co-Webmaster defines a "traditional carillon" as one played from a traditional baton keyboard.
  3. ^ https://www.facebook.com/marianevents/posts/283057048466643
  4. ^ NTG: Bagong Carillon Bell Tower ng Baclaran Church, binasbasan ni Cardinal Tagle
  5. ^ www.upcarillon.org by the University of the Philippines Alumni Association. Archived September 2, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Restored in 2007. The tower and its carillon had been in a bad state.
  6. ^ "Belfry - Bell-chamber". City of Ghent. Archived from the original on 2011-08-23. 
  7. ^ "Description of the carillon of the "Saint-Gervase-Basilica" in Grimbergen". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. 
  8. ^ "De beiaard" [The carillon] (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. 
  9. ^ a b This carillon or its keyboard might not be in fully working order.
  10. ^ "Le carillon de la Ville d'Ath" (in French). L'Association Campanaire Wallonne. Archived from the original on February 11, 2005. 
  11. ^ "Le Carillon à Douai" (in French). 
  12. ^ "City hall". City of Lyon. Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. 
  13. ^ "Le Carillon St-Antonin de Pamiers (09)" (in French). Archived from the original on 2007-09-10. 
  14. ^ http://www.paccard.com/fonderie/fr/actus.php?eid=267.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  15. ^ http://www.paris-normandie.fr/detail_communes/articles/5374600/restaurees-a-annecy-les-cloches-de-la-cathedrale-seront-de-retour-a-rouen-apres-paques#.Vw-xMch4XCR.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  16. ^ "Le Carillon de Taninges" (in French). 
  17. ^ Stadtmuseum Erfurt: Carillon im Bartholomäusturm Restored in 2007. The tower and its carillon were in a bad state.
  18. ^ "Das Glockenspiel im Rathausturm" (in German). City of Cologne. 
  19. ^ (in German) http://www.stadtmuseum-erfurt.de/carillon/carillon.html
  20. ^ (in German) http://www.glockenspiel-geisa.de/content/carillon.htm
  21. ^ ExilKieler (2013-06-28). "Das Carillon am Kieler Kloster" (in German). Retrieved 2013-09-07. 
  22. ^ (in German) http://mariahilf-muenchen.de/index.php?option=com_content&task=blogcategory&id=105&Itemid=40
  23. ^ "St. Colman's Carillon". eircom.net. 
  24. ^ carillon-towers.net - de beste bron van informatie over carillon-towers
  25. ^ http://www.carillontorens.sohosted.com/barneveld001.htm
  26. ^ http://www.rug.nl/about-us/who-are-we/discover-groningen/academiegebouw/carillon?lang=en
  27. ^ Weerter Beiaardfestival 18-29 juni 2013
  28. ^ http://www.carillontorens.sohosted.com/dord001.htm
  29. ^ http://www.carillontorens.sohosted.com/gouda.htm
  30. ^ http://www.ukv-utrecht.net[permanent dead link]
  31. ^ http://www.carillontorens.sohosted.com/utrecht001.htm
  32. ^ Hovedside - Rådhusets forvaltningstjeneste - Oslo kommune
  33. ^ "Mafra". Carillontorens.sohosted.com. Retrieved 2012-02-17. 
  34. ^ http://website.lineone.net/~carillon
  35. ^ http://www.carillontower.org.uk
  36. ^ http://www.towerbells.org/data/UKENCTCC.HTM
  37. ^ "Mostyn House - The Carillon of Bells". Mostyn House. 
  38. ^ St Mary's Lowe House
  39. ^ BBC NEWS | UK | England | North Yorkshire | New musical bells at York Minster
  40. ^ Home
  41. ^ http://www.christthekingcathedral.org/
  42. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-02-11. Retrieved 2006-07-04. 
  43. ^ http://www.legis.gov.bc.ca/_media/images/precinct/front10.jpg
  44. ^ Basilica de Higuey
  45. ^ http://www.towerbells.org/data/DOHIGUEY.HTM
  46. ^ World Carillon Federation
  47. ^ http://www.umass.edu/umhome/events/articles/19232.php
  48. ^ http://www.oglethorpe.edu/about_us/history/carillon_history.asp
  49. ^ News: Carillon for Bryn Mawr Presbyterian Church
  50. ^ "Calvary Episcopal Church / About Us / Home". calvaryepiscopal.net. 
  51. ^ http://www.trincoll.edu/orgs/carillon/ctbells.html
  52. ^ van Bergen Bells, Charleston, SC
  53. ^ http://www.trincoll.edu/orgs/carillon/
  54. ^ The Cornell Chimes
  55. ^ http://www.longwoodgardens.org/OrganandCarillonHistory_1_3_2_1_5.html
  56. ^ Wyoming Seminary Prep School - Pennsylvania Private School, Boarding School & Day School, PA
  57. ^ http://www.middlebury.edu/campuslife/services/chaplain/mead_chapel.htm
  58. ^ "University Replaces 39 Year Old Carillon". www.montclair.edu. Retrieved 2016-01-21. 
  59. ^ Guild of Carillonneurs in North America: The Carillon as a Musical Instrument
  60. ^ The Riverside Church - Carillon
  61. ^ http://www.towerbells.org/data/NYNYRIVE.HTM
  62. ^ Home | Northfield Mount Hermon
  63. ^ http://www.nmhschool.org/facilities
  64. ^ "Norwich University Campus Maps". norwich.edu. 
  65. ^ Princeton University Carillon in Cleveland Tower
  66. ^ Stone Mountain Park - Atlanta Carillon
  67. ^ http://www.washingtonmemorialchapel.org/pages/carillon.html
  68. ^ "Campanile and Carillon - National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception-LIVE". kintera.org. 
  69. ^ National Zoo: Pelzman Memorial Glockenspiel at the zoo in Washington, D.C
  70. ^ Washington National Cathedral : Carillon & Peal Bells
  71. ^ "Stephen Foster State Folk Culture Center" Yahoo Travel
  72. ^ "Page Not Found - Wake Forest University". wfu.edu. 
  73. ^ http://www.music.iastate.edu/carillon/chistory.html
  74. ^ Burton Memorial Tower
  75. ^ About Michigan Engineering | Michigan Engineering Archived 2006-06-27 at the Wayback Machine.
  76. ^ http://www.towerbells.org/data/MIBLOOK1.HTM
  77. ^ "Instruments at CCC — Christ Church Cranbrook". Christchurchcranbrook.org. Retrieved 2012-02-17. 
  78. ^ Campanile | Rod Library
  79. ^ http://rockefeller.uchicago.edu/carillon.html
  80. ^ http://www.towerbells.org/data/ILCHICUC.HTM
  81. ^ http://www.csl.edu/AboutCSL_Campus_Pictures_LutherTower.aspx
  82. ^ http://carillonpark.org/index.html
  83. ^ [1]
  84. ^ [2]
  85. ^ Untitled Document
  86. ^ "Sorry, We Can't Find That Page". msu.edu. 
  87. ^ [3]
  88. ^ Carillon Concerts 2013 | Chicago Botanic Garden
  89. ^ "{title}". Archived from the original on 2009-09-15. Retrieved 2010-04-10. 
  90. ^ http://www.ttucarillon.com
  91. ^ University of Wisconsin-Madison Buildings:
  92. ^ Idlewild Presbyterian Church - Music and Choirs
  93. ^ Roselawn Memorial Park | About Us
  94. ^ Brownell Memorial Park & Carillon Tower- Retrieved 2017-11-22
  95. ^ Search Results: admissions article 0,1370,136111-9951-23250,00
  96. ^ "Millennium Carillon in Moser Tower & Visitor Center". Naperville Park District. 2018. Retrieved 2018-03-02. 
  97. ^ "Friends of Naperville's Moser Tower & Millennium Carillon". 2018. Retrieved 2018-03-02. 
  98. ^ [4] Archived June 29, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  99. ^ "Thomas Rees Memorial Carillon - Springfield, IL". carillon-rees.org. 
  100. ^ Meyer Carillon, Jane A. - Campus Map - Missouri State University
  101. ^ mclane carillon
  102. ^ Neukom, Francie (2006-01-23). "Lord of the Bells". The Stanford Daily. Archived from the original on 2006-10-24. 
  103. ^ City of Westminster, City Hall Webpage, "About the Bells"
  104. ^ http://www.suess-muehle.de/index.asp?katid_nr=30&seite=1030000000&bodystart=1
  105. ^ Nieuws & Media
  106. ^ Carillon Bells Man
  107. ^ The Guild of Carillonneurs in North America (GCNA) defines a carillon as "a musical instrument consisting of at least two octaves of carillon bells arranged in chromatic series and played from a keyboard permitting control of expression through variation of touch. A carillon bell is a cast bronze cup-shaped bell whose partial tones are in such harmonious relationship to each other as to permit many such bells to be sounded together in varied chords with harmonious and concordant effect." The GCNA's Co-Webmaster defines a "non-traditional carillon" as a musical instrument with bells, but played by any mechanism other than a baton keyboard.
  108. ^ "www.towerbells.org/data/PHMNDSTJ.HTM". 
  109. ^ Andover Bulletin, Summer 2006
  110. ^ Oglethorpe University : Carillon History
  111. ^ http://www.smtexas.org/alumni/news/detail.asp?newsid=134841
  112. ^ The University of Mississippi - Paris-Yates Chapel
  113. ^ Hiltner, Nita. RIVERSIDE: Abolitionists gave church its start, The Press-Enterprise, Riverside, California, 2010-10-17. Retrieved 2010-10-17.
  114. ^ Towerbells.org; RIVERSIDE - MI/2 : USA - CA.
  115. ^ The Guild of Carillonneurs in North America (GCNA) defines a carillon as "a musical instrument consisting of at least two octaves of carillon bells arranged in chromatic series and played from a keyboard permitting control of expression through variation of touch. A carillon bell is a cast bronze cup-shaped bell whose partial tones are in such harmonious relationship to each other as to permit many such bells to be sounded together in varied chords with harmonious and concordant effect." The GCNA's Co-Webmaster defines a "traditional carillon" as one played from a traditional baton keyboard, and a "non-traditional carillon" as a musical instrument with bells but played from an electric keyboard or by any automatic method. Anything else is not a carillon according to the GCNA – and definitively not a carillon according to the World Carillon Federation.
  116. ^ http://www.kstatecollegian.com/stories/evergreen/traditions/bellringer.shtml Archived 2004-08-03 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]