List of carrier-based aircraft

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Sqn. Cdr. E. H. Dunning makes the first landing of an aircraft on a moving ship, a Sopwith Pup on HMS Furious, August 2, 1917.

List of carrier-based aircraft covers fixed-wing aircraft designed for aircraft carrier flight deck operation and excludes aircraft intended for use from seaplane tenders and submarines as well as dirigibles. Helicopters includes only those regularly operated from aircraft carriers and not those normally flown from other types of surface ships or land bases.

Pre-World War II[edit]

Type Country Role Date Status Total Notes
Aichi D1A[1] Japan Dive bomber 1934 Retired 590
Aichi D3A[2] Japan Dive bomber 1938 Retired 1,495
Arado Ar 195 Germany Torpedo bomber 1937 Abandoned 3
Arado Ar 197 Germany Fighter 1937 Abandoned 3
Armstrong Whitworth A.W.16 UK Fighter 1930 Abandoned 18 1 evaluated as carrier based fighter
Armstrong Whitworth Starling UK Fighter 1929 Abandoned 1
Avro Avocet[3] UK fleet fighter 1927 Abandoned 2
Avro Bison[4] UK Reconnaissance 1921 Retired 55
Avro Buffalo[5] UK Torpedo bomber 1926 Abandoned 1
Beardmore W.B.III[6] UK Fighter 1917 Retired 100
Beardmore W.B.IV UK Fighter 1917 Abandoned 1
Beardmore W.B.V UK Fighter 1917 Abandoned 2
Beardmore W.B.VI UK Fighter Not flown Abandoned 0
Bell XFL Airabonita US Interceptor 1940 Abandoned 1
Berliner-Joyce XFJ US Fighter 1931 Abandoned 1
Berliner-Joyce F2J US Fighter 1933 Abandoned 1
Berliner-Joyce XF3J US Fighter 1934 Abandoned 1
Berliner-Joyce OJ US Observation 1931 Retired 39
Blackburn Airedale[7] UK Reconnaissance 1924 Abandoned 2
Blackburn B-3[8] UK Torpedo bomber 1932 Abandoned 2
Blackburn Baffin[9][10] UK Torpedo bomber 1932 Retired 92
Blackburn Blackburd[11] UK Torpedo bomber 1918 Abandoned 3
Blackburn Blackburn[12] UK Reconnaissance 1922 Retired 62
Blackburn Dart[13] UK Torpedo bomber 1921 Retired 127
Blackburn Nautilus[14] UK Fighter 1929 Abandoned 1
Blackburn Ripon[15] UK Torpedo bomber 1926 Retired 96
Blackburn Roc[16][17] UK Fighter 1938 Retired 136
Blackburn Shark[18] UK Torpedo bomber 1933 Retired 238
Blackburn Skua[17][19] UK Fighter/dive bomber 1937 Retired 190
Blackburn Sprat[20] UK Trainer 1926 Abandoned 1
Blackburn Swift[21] UK Torpedo bomber 1920 Retired 8
Boeing FB[22] US Fighter 1923 Retired 29
Boeing F2B[23] US Fighter 1926 Retired 33
Boeing F3B[23] US Fighter-bomber 1927 Retired 74
Boeing F4B[24] US Fighter 1928 Retired 189
Boeing XF5B US Fighter 1930 Abandoned 1
Boeing XF6B US Fighter-bomber 1933 Abandoned 1
Boeing XF7B US Fighter 1933 Abandoned 1
Brewster Buffalo[25][26] US Fighter 1937 Retired 503
Consolidated XBY US Dive bomber 1932 Abandoned 1
Consolidated XB2Y US Dive bomber 1933 Abandoned 1
Consolidated N2Y US Utility 1929 Retired 7[note 1]
Curtiss BF2C Goshawk[27] US Fighter-bomber 1933 Retired 166
Curtiss F6C Hawk[28] US Fighter 1925 Retired 75
Curtiss F7C Seahawk US Fighter 1927 Retired 17
Curtiss F8C/O2C Falcon/Helldiver[29] US Fighter/dive bomber 1924 Retired 150
Curtiss F11C Goshawk[27] US Fighter-bomber 1932 Retired 30
Curtiss SBC Helldiver[30][31] US Dive bomber 1935 Retired 257
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver[32][33] US Dive bomber 1940 Retired 7,200
Curtiss SOC Seagull[34] US Observation 1934 Retired 322
Curtiss SO3C Seamew[35] US Observation 1939 Retired 259
Dewoitine D.1ter France Fighter 1922 Retired 30
Dewoitine D.373 & 376 France Fighter 1931 Retired 45
Douglas DT[36] US Torpedo bomber 1921 Retired 90
Douglas T2D[37] US Torpedo bomber 1927 Retired 31
Douglas TBD Devastator[38] US Torpedo bomber 1935 Retired 130
Douglas SBD Dauntless[39] US Dive bomber 1938 Retired 5,356
Douglas XT3D US Torpedo bomber 1931 Abandoned 1
Eberhart F2G US Fighter 1928 Abandoned 1
Eberhart FG US Fighter 1927 Abandoned 1
Fairey III UK Reconnaissance 1917 Retired 964
Fairey Albacore[40] UK torpedo/dive bomber 1938 Retired 800
Fairey Firefly III/IIIM UK Fighter 1929 Abandoned 1
Fairey Fleetwing UK Fighter 1929 Abandoned 1
Fairey Flycatcher UK Fighter 1922 Retired 196
Fairey Fulmar[41] UK Fighter 1937 Retired 600
Fairey Seal UK Reconnaissance 1930 Retired 91
Fairey Swordfish[42] UK Torpedo bomber 1934 Retired 2,391
Fieseler Fi 167 Germany Dive bomber 1938 Retired 14
Gloster Gambet[43] UK Fighter 1927 Abandoned 1
Gloster Sea Gladiator[44][45] UK Fighter 1937 Retired 98
Gloster Gnatsnapper[46] UK Fighter 1927 Abandoned 2 (or 3)
Gloster Sparrowhawk III[47] UK Fighter 1921 Retired 10
Gloster TSR.38[48] UK Torpedo bomber 1932 Abandoned 1
Great Lakes BG US Bomber 1933 Retired 61
Great Lakes XTBG US Torpedo bomber 1935 Abandoned 1
Grumman FF[49] US Fighter 1931 Retired 85
Grumman SF US Fighter 1931 Retired 35
Grumman F2F[50] US Fighter 1933 Retired 56
Grumman F3F[51] US Fighter 1935 Retired 147
Grumman F4F Wildcat[52] US Fighter 1937 Retired 7,885
Grumman J2F Duck[34] US Utility 1936 Retired 584
Grumman XF5F Skyrocket US Fighter 1940 Abandoned 1
Grumman XSBF US scout bomber 1936 Abandoned 1
Handley Page Hanley UK Torpedo bomber 1922 Abandoned 3
Handley Page Hendon UK Torpedo bomber 1924 Abandoned 6
Handley Page HP.14 UK Reconnaissance 1917 Abandoned 3
Handley Page H.P.46 UK Torpedo bomber 1932 Abandoned 1
Handley Page HPS-1 UK Fighter 1923 Abandoned 2
Hanriot HD.20 France Fighter 1923 Abandoned 1
Hawker Hedgehog[53] UK Fighter 1924 Abandoned 1
Hawker Hoopoe[54] UK Fighter 1928 Abandoned 1
Hawker Nimrod[55] UK Fighter 1930 Retired 92
Hawker Osprey/Naval Hart[56] UK Fighter/reconnaissance 1932 Retired 112
Heinkel HD 23 Germany Fighter 1926 Abandoned 4
Junkers Ju 87C Germany Dive bomber 1938 Abandoned 10
Kawanishi K-11[57] Japan Fighter 1927 Abandoned 2
Kokusai Ki-76 Japan Reconnaissance 1941 Retired 937
Latécoère 299 France torpedo/dive bomber 1939 Abandoned 2
Les Mureaux 1 C.1 Express-Marin France Fighter 1924 Abandoned 1
Levasseur PL.2 France Torpedo bomber 1922 Retired 11
Levasseur PL.4 France Reconnaissance 1926 Retired 40
Levasseur PL.5 & 9 France Fighter 1925 Retired 24
Levasseur PL.7 France Torpedo bomber 1928 Retired 46
Levasseur PL.10, 101 & 107 France Reconnaissance 1929 Retired 63
Levasseur PL.14 France Torpedo bomber 1929 Retired 30
Lévy-Biche LB.2 France Fighter 1927 Retired 26
Loire-Gourdou-Leseurre LGL.32 France Fighter 1925 Retired 15
Loire-Nieuport LN.401 France Dive bomber 1938 Retired 68
Martin BM US Bomber 1930 Retired 32
Martin T3M[58] US Torpedo bomber 1926 Retired 124
Martin T4M & Great Lakes TG[59] US Torpedo bomber 1927 Retired 155
Martin XT6M US Torpedo bomber 1930 Abandoned 1
Messerschmitt Bf 109T-1 Germany Fighter 1939 Abandoned 7
Mitsubishi 1MF[60] Japan Fighter 1921 Retired 138
Mitsubishi 1MF9[61] Japan Fighter 1927 Retired 2
Mitsubishi 1MT[62] Japan Torpedo bomber 1922 Retired 20
Mitsubishi 2MR[63] Japan Reconnaissance 1922 Retired 159
Mitsubishi 3MT5[64] Japan Torpedo bomber 1932 Retired 11
Mitsubishi A5M[65][66] Japan Fighter 1935 Retired 1,094
Mitsubishi A6M Zero[67][68] Japan Fighter 1939 Retired 10,449
Mitsubishi B1M[69] Japan Bomber 1923 Retired 443
Mitsubishi B2M[70] Japan Bomber 1929 Retired 206
Mitsubishi B5M[71] Japan Bomber 1937 Retired 125
Morane-Saulnier MS.226 France Fighter 1933 Retired 3
Nakajima A1N[72] Japan Fighter 1927 Retired 151
Nakajima A2N[73][74] Japan Fighter 1929 Retired 100 ca.
Nakajima A4N[75] Japan Fighter 1934 Retired 221
Nakajima B3N[76] Japan Bomber 1933 Abandoned 2
Nakajima B4N[77] Japan Bomber 1936 Abandoned 2
Nakajima B5N[78] Japan Bomber 1937 Retired 1,149
Nakajima C3N[79] Japan Reconnaissance 1936 Retired 2
Naval Aircraft Factory SBN US Bomber 1936 Abandoned 31
Naval Aircraft Factory TS[80] US Fighter 1922 Retired 46
Nieuport-Delage NiD 32 France Fighter 1920 Retired 10
Nieuport-Delage NiD 43 France Fighter 1924 Abandoned 1
North American SNJ-3C/-4C/-5C US Trainer 1935 Retired 52+
Northrop BT US Bomber 1935 Retired 55
Parnall Panther[81] UK Reconnaissance 1917 Retired 155
Parnall Perch[82] UK Trainer 1926 Abandoned 1
Parnall Pike[83] UK Reconnaissance 1927 Abandoned 1
Parnall Pipit[84] UK Fighter 1928 Abandoned 2
Parnall Plover[85] UK Fighter 1922 Retired 13
Parnall Puffin[86] UK Fighter/reconnaissance 1920 Abandoned 3
Reggiane Re.2001 OR Italy Fighter 1940 Retired 10
Seversky XFN-1 US Fighter 1937 Abandoned 1
Short Gurnard UK Fighter 1929 Abandoned 2
Short Shirl UK Torpedo bomber 1918 Abandoned 4
Sopwith 2F.1 Ship's Camel[87] UK Fighter 1917 Retired 340
Sopwith Cuckoo[88] UK Torpedo bomber 1918 Retired 232
Sopwith Pup and Ship's Pup UK Fighter 1916 Retired 1,770[note 2]
Sopwith Ship's Strutter[note 3][note 2] UK Reconnaissance/fighter 1915 Retired 5,939
Supermarine Walrus[34] UK Reconnaissance 1933 Retired 740
Vickers Type 141 UK Fighter 1927 Abandoned 1
Vickers Type 177 UK Fighter 1929 Abandoned 1
Vickers Type 207 UK Torpedo bomber 1933 Abandoned 1
Vickers Vireo UK Fighter 1928 Abandoned 1
Villiers II France Fighter 1925 Retired 32
Vought F4U/FG/F3A Corsair[89] US Fighter 1940 Retired 12,571
Vought FU US Fighter 1926 Retired 20
Vought O2U Corsair US Observation 1926 Retired 322
Vought O3U/SU Corsair US Observation 1930 Retired 291
Vought XO4U Corsair US Observation 1931 Abandoned 2
Vought SB2U Vindicator[90] US Bomber 1936 Retired 170
Vought SBU Corsair US Bomber 1933 Retired 125
Vought VE-7[91] US Fighter 1917 Retired 128
Vought XSB3U US Bomber 1936 Abandoned 1
Westland PV-3[92] UK Reconnaissance 1931 Abandoned 1
Westland Walrus[93] UK Reconnaissance 1921 Retired 36
Wibault 74 France Fighter 1924 Retired 18
Yokosuka B3Y[94] Japan Bomber 1933 Retired 129
Yokosuka B4Y[95] Japan Bomber 1935 Retired 205

World War II[edit]

Type Country Role Date Status Total Notes
Aichi B7A[96] Japan bomber 1942 Retired 114
Airspeed Fleet Shadower UK Reconnaissance 1940 Abandoned 1
Blackburn Firebrand[97] UK torpedo fighter 1942 Retired 225
Boeing XF8B US Fighter 1944 Abandoned 3
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer[98] US Dive bomber 1941 Retired 771
Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf US Torpedo bomber 1941 Retired 180
Curtiss XF14C US Fighter 1944 Abandoned 1
Curtiss XF15C US Fighter 1945 Abandoned 3
Curtiss XBT2C US Torpedo bomber 1945 Abandoned 9
Curtiss XBTC US Torpedo bomber 1945 Abandoned 2
de Havilland Sea Hornet UK Fighter 1944 Retired 174
de Havilland Sea Mosquito[99] UK Torpedo bomber/trainer 1944 Retired 66
de Havilland Sea Vampire UK Fighter 1944 Retired 98
Douglas AD Skyraider[100] US Attack bomber 1945 Retired 3,180
Douglas BTD Destroyer US Torpedo bomber 1943 Retired 30
Douglas XTB2D Skypirate US Torpedo bomber 1945 Abandoned 2
Fairey Barracuda[101] UK Torpedo/dive bomber 1940 Retired 2,582
Fairey Firefly UK Fighter/strike 1941 Retired 1,702
Fairey Spearfish UK Torpedo/dive bomber 1945 Abandoned 5
Fiat G.50 bis/A Italy Fighter 1942 Abandoned 1
General Aircraft Fleet Shadower UK Reconnaissance 1940 Abandoned 1
Goodyear F2G Corsair US Fighter 1945 Abandoned 10
Grumman F6F Hellcat[102] US Fighter 1942 Retired 12,275
Grumman F7F Tigercat US Fighter 1943 Retired 364
Grumman F8F Bearcat US Fighter 1944 Retired 1,265
Grumman TBF Avenger[38] US Torpedo bomber 1941 Retired 9,839
Hawker Sea Fury[103] UK Fighter 1945 Retired 864
Hawker Sea Hurricane[104][105] UK Fighter 1940 Retired 1,190+
Kaiser-Fleetwings XBTK US Torpedo bomber 1945 Abandoned 5
Kokusai Ki-76 Japan Reconnaissance 1941 Retired 937
Martin AM Mauler[106] US Attack bomber 1944 Retired 151
McDonnell FH Phantom US Fighter 1945 Retired 62
Mitsubishi A7M[107] Japan Fighter 1944 Abandoned 10
Nakajima B6N[108] Japan Bomber 1941 Retired 1,268
Nakajima C6N[109] Japan Reconnaissance 1943 Retired 463
North American ETF-51D Mustang[110] US Fighter 1944 Abandoned 1
North American PBJ-1H[note 4] US Bomber 1944 Retired 1
Ryan FR Fireball US Fighter 1944 Retired 71
Supermarine Seafire[111] UK Fighter 1942 Retired 2,556[112]
Supermarine Type 322 UK torpedo/dive bomber 1943 Abandoned 2
Yokosuka D3Y[113] Japan Dive bomber 1944 Abandoned 5
Yokosuka D4Y[114][115] Japan Dive bomber 1940 Retired 2,038

Post war[edit]

Type Country Role Date Status Total Notes
Arsenal VG 90 France Fighter 1949 Abandoned 2
Blackburn B-54 UK ASW 1949 Abandoned 3
Blackburn Buccaneer UK Strike 1958 Retired 144
Blackburn Firecrest UK Fighter 1947 Abandoned 3~
Boeing EA-18G Growler US Electronic Warfare 2006 Operational 85~
Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet US Fighter 1995 Operational 500~
Boulton Paul Sea Balliol UK Trainer 1952 Retired 30
Breguet Alizé France ASW 1956 Retired 89
Breguet Vultur France Attack 1951 Abandoned 2
British Aerospace Sea Harrier UK Fighter 1978 Retired 115
Dassault Étendard IV France Fighter 1958 Retired 90
Dassault-Breguet Super Étendard France Strike Fighter 1974 Retired 85
Dassault Rafale M France Fighter 1986 Operational 115
de Havilland Sea Venom UK Fighter 1951 Retired 298
de Havilland Sea Vixen UK Fighter 1951 Retired 145
Douglas A-3 Skywarrior[116] US Attack 1952 Retired 282
Douglas A-4 Skyhawk[116] US Attack 1954 Operational 2,960
Douglas A2D Skyshark US Attack 1950 Abandoned 12
Douglas F3D Skynight[117] US Fighter 1948 Retired 268
Douglas F4D Skyray US Fighter 1951 Retired 422
Douglas F5D Skylancer US Fighter 1956 Abandoned 4
Fairey Gannet UK ASW/AEW 1949 Retired 348
Fouga CM.175 Zéphyr M France Trainer 1956 Retired 32
General Dynamics-Grumman F-111B US Fighter 1965 Abandoned 7
Grumman A-6 Intruder[118] US Attack 1960 Retired 693
Grumman AF Guardian[119] US ASW 1945 Retired 389
Grumman C-1 Trader[120] US Transport 1955 Retired 83
Grumman C-2 Greyhound US Transport 1964 Operational 58
Grumman E-1 Tracer[121] US AEW 1956 Retired 88
Grumman E-2 Hawkeye[121] US AEW 1960 Operational ?
Grumman EA-6B Prowler US Electronic Warfare 1968 Retired 170
Grumman F9F Panther[122] US Fighter 1947 Retired 1,382
Grumman F-9 Cougar[122] US Fighter 1951 Retired 1,392
Grumman XF10F Jaguar US Fighter 1952 Abandoned 1
Grumman F-11 Tiger US Fighter 1954 Retired 200
Grumman F-14 Tomcat US Fighter 1970 Retired 632
Grumman S-2 Tracker[123] US ASW 1952 Operational 1,284
Hawker Sea Hawk[124] UK Fighter 1947 Retired 542
Lockheed S-3 Viking US ASW 1972 Retired 188
Lockheed T2V SeaStar US Trainer 1953 Retired 150
Lockheed TO Shooting Star US Trainer ? Retired ?
Lockheed U-2G[125][note 5] US Reconnaissance 1955 Abandoned 3
Lockheed Martin F-35B Lightning II US Fighter 2006 Operational ?
McDonnell F2H Banshee[126] US Fighter 1947 Retired 895
McDonnell F3H Demon US Fighter 1951 Retired 519
McDonnell-Douglas AV-8B Harrier II US Attack 1978–1985 Operational 323
McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II[127] US Fighter 1958 Retired 5,195
McDonnell-Douglas F/A-18 Hornet US Fighter/Attack 1978 Operational 1,479
McDonnell Douglas T-45 Goshawk US Trainer 1988 Operational 214
Mikoyan MiG-29K USSR Fighter 1988 Operational 20
Morane-Saulnier MS.474 Vanneau IV France Trainer 1944 Retired 70
Nord 1500 Noréclair France ASW/bomber 1947 abandoned 1
Nord 2200 France Fighter 1949 abandoned 1
North American XA2J Super Savage US Bomber 1952 Abandoned 1
North American AJ Savage[119] US Bomber 1948 Retired 143
North American A-5 Vigilante[117] US Reconnaissance 1958 Retired 156
North American FJ-1 Fury US Fighter 1946 Retired 31
North American FJ-2/-3 Fury US Fighter 1951 Retired 741
North American FJ-4 Fury US Fighter 1954 Retired 374
North American T-2 Buckeye US Trainer 1958 Retired 529
North American T-28 Trojan US Trainer 1949 Retired 266
SEPECAT Jaguar M France Attack 1969 Abandoned 1
Short Seamew UK ASW 1953 Abandoned 26
SNCAC NC 1070 France Bomber 1947 abandoned 2
SNCAC NC 1080 France Fighter 1949 abandoned 1
SNCASE (Sud-Est) Aquilon France Fighter 1951 Retired 120
SNCASO SO.8000 Narval France Fighter 1949 Abandoned 2
Shenyang J-15 PRC Fighter 2013 Prototype 16
Sukhoi Su-25UTG & UBP USSR Attack 1988 Retired 20~
Sukhoi Su-33 USSR Fighter 1987 Operational 24~
Supermarine Attacker UK Fighter 1946 Retired 185
Supermarine Scimitar UK Fighter 1956 Retired 76
Supermarine Seafang UK Fighter 1946 Abandoned 18
Vought A-7 Corsair[118] US Attack 1965 Retired 1,569
Vought F6U Pirate US Fighter 1946 Retired 33
Vought F7U Cutlass[128] US Fighter 1948 Retired 320
Vought F-8 Crusader[127] US Fighter 1955 Retired 1,219
Vought XF8U-3 Crusader III US Fighter 1958 Abandoned 5
Westland Wyvern[129] UK Strike Bomber 1946 Retired 127
Yakovlev Yak-38 USSR Fighter 1971 Retired 231
Yakovlev Yak-41 USSR Fighter 1987 Abandoned 2

Helicopters[edit]

Type Country Role Date Status Total Notes
Aérospatiale Alouette III France Helicopter 1959 1960
Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma France Helicopter 1965 1968 697
Aérospatiale Super Frelon France Helicopter 1962 1966 99
Agusta-Bell AB.212ASW Italy Helicopter –n/a
AgustaWestland AW101/EH101/Merlin Italy/UK Helicopter 1987 1999
Bell AH-1 SuperCobra US Helicopter 1969 1971 1,271+
Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey US tilt-rotor 1989 2007 160
Boeing CH-47 Chinook US Helicopter 1961 1962–? 1,179+
Boeing Vertol CH-46 Sea Knight US Helicopter 1962 1964–? 524
Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma France Helicopter 1978 ?–
Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin France Helicopter 1975 1978
Eurocopter Fennec France Helicopter ?–?
Kaman SH-2 Seasprite US Helicopter 1959 1962–? 184
Kaman SH-2G Super Seasprite US Helicopter 1985 1993–? 59
Kamov Ka-20 USSR Helicopter ?–?
Kamov Ka-25 USSR Helicopter 1963 1972–? 460~
Kamov Ka-27, Ka-28 & Ka-32 USSR Helicopter 1973 1982
NHIndustries NH90 NATO Helicopter 1995 2006 161
Piasecki HRP Rescuer US Helicopter 1945 1947–? 28
Piasecki HUP Retriever US Helicopter 1948 1949–1964 339
Piasecki H-21 US Helicopter 1952 ?–? 18+
Saro P.531 UK Helicopter 1958 1959–? 6
Sikorsky CH-53 Sea Stallion US Helicopter 1964 1966 265+
Sikorsky HNS (R-4) US Helicopter 1942 1944–? 131
Sikorsky Hoverfly II (R-6) US Helicopter 1943 1945–? 225
Sikorsky HO2S (R-5/H-5) US Helicopter 1943 1945–1957 300+
Sikorsky HO4S (S-55) US Helicopter 1949 1952–? 94
Sikorsky HR2S/CH-37 US Helicopter 1953 1955–1969 62
Sikorsky HSS Seabat (S-58) US Helicopter 1954 1959–? 218
Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King US Helicopter 1959 1961 756 ca.
Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk US Helicopter 1979 1984 400+
Sikorsky XHJS US Helicopter 1947 Abandoned 2
Westland Dragonfly UK Helicopter ? 1950–1960 133
Westland Lynx UK Helicopter 1971 1979
Westland Sea King UK Helicopter 1969 1969 344
Westland Wasp UK Helicopter 1962 1963–2000 133
Westland Wessex UK Helicopter 1958 1961–1982 170
Westland Whirlwind UK Helicopter 1953 1954 400

Future[edit]

Type Country Role Date Status Total Notes
AgustaWestland AW159 Wildcat UK/Italy Helicopter 2009 n/a 3
Chengdu J-20 B/C PRC Fighter 2016 n/a 10
HAL Naval Tejas India Fighter 2012[130] n/a 2[131]
Lockheed Martin F-35C Lightning II US Fighter 2006 n/a ?

Temporary carrier operations by non-carrier aircraft[edit]

(Aircraft must have landed or taken off from carrier deck, and excludes helicopters and aircraft transported by aircraft carrier.)

Type Occasion Country Date Total
Aeromarine 39[132][note 3] Carrier trials US 1922 1+
Bell Airacobra I[133] Trials for nosewheel aircraft, landed on HMS Pretoria Castle US 1945 1
Bristol Scout[134] 1st flight from moving ship, HMS Vindex UK 1916 1
Britten-Norman Islander[135] Sales demonstration flights aboard HMS Hermes UK 1968 1
Caudron Luciole[136] Negotiators to recruit for the Free French flew from HMS Ark Royal France 1940 2
Cessna O-1E Bird Dog VNAF landing on USS Midway during the Fall of Saigon US 1975 1
Cessna OE-1B Bird Dog[137] USMC aircraft flown from USS Princeton (LPH-5) US 1962 3
Curtiss Model D 1st takeoff from ship, from USS Birmingham US 1910 1
Curtiss Model D 1st landing on ship, on USS Pennsylvania US 1911 1
Curtiss P-36 Hawk Delivered to Pearl Harbor aboard USS Enterprise US 1941 31
Curtiss P-40F Warhawk 33rd FG flew from USS Chenango & HMS Archer during Operation Torch US 1942 109
de Havilland Canada L-20 Beaver[138] flown from USS Corregidor during 1958 Lebanon crisis Canada 1958 2
de Havilland Canada DHC-3 Otter[139] UNEF flown off HMCS Magnificent for Suez Crisis Canada 1957 4
de Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo QSRA trials from USS Kitty Hawk Canada 1980 1
Douglas R4D-5 Flown from USS Philippine Sea for Operation Highjump US 1947 6
Fairey Fox Mk.IA[140] Deck trial on HMS Furious UK 1926 1
Gloster Gladiator II Flown from HMS Glorious during Norwegian Campaign UK 1940 18
Gloster Meteor F.3 (Derwent 5) Carrier trials from HMS Implacable and HMS Illustrious[note 6] UK 1948-1949 2
Hanriot HD.1 Carrier trials France 1920 1+
Hanriot HD.2 Carrier trials France 1920 2
Hanriot HD.3 Carrier trials France 1920 1
Hawker Hurricane I Flown from HMS Glorious during Norwegian Campaign UK 1940 18
Lockheed XJO-3 Electra Junior Carrier trials for tricycle undercarriage, flown from USS Lexington US 1939 1
Lockheed KC-130F Hercules USMC carrier trials from USS Forrestal US 1963 1
Lockheed P-80A Shooting Star Trial with modified USAAF jet flown from USS Franklin D. Roosevelt US 1946 1
Lockheed P2V-3C Neptune Interim nuclear bomber trialled from USS Franklin D. Roosevelt US 1948–1951 13
Lockheed U-2C[125] Carrier trials and monitoring French Nuclear tests from USS Ranger US 1963 1
Lockheed U-2R[125] Carrier trials from USS America US 1969 1
Morane-Saulnier MS.500 Criquet operated from Arromanches during the First Indochina War France 1945–1949 unk.
North American Rockwell OV-10A Bronco Carrier trials aboard USS John F. Kennedy US 1968 unk.
North American Rockwell OV-10D Bronco LPH & Carrier trials including on USS Saratoga US 1985 unk.
North American B-25B Mitchell Doolittle Raid launched from USS Hornet US 1942 16
North American L-17 (Navion) Korean War Courier/VIP transport US 1950 unk.
Nieuport 21 Carrier trials France 1919–1920 1
Percival Vega Gull[141] Flown from HMS Courageous, led to Percival Proctor UK 1937–1938 1
Piper L-4B Grasshopper Flown from six LSTs during in Pacific & Mediterranean invasions US 1944 26+
Piper L-4 Grasshopper Used Brodie device on various LSTs US 1
Republic P-47 Thunderbolt USS Manila Bay attacked while ferrying P-47s off Saipan US 1944 4
Slingsby T.20 tail down catapult flight trials from HMS Pretoria Castle UK 1945 1
Sopwith Camel Zeppelin interceptors launching from towed aircraft carrier barges. UK 1918 unk.
Stinson L-5 Sentinel Used Brodie device from USS City of Dalhart and various LSTs US 1943 unk.
Stinson OY Sentinel Korean War US 1950 1+
Taylorcraft Auster Carrier trials on HMS Argus, Ravager and Illustrious UK 1945–1946 3+

Cancelled Unflown[edit]

Type Origin Class Role Date Notes
Beardmore W.B.VI UK Torpedo bomber
British Aerospace P.125 UK Fighter/bomber
Common Support Aircraft US COD/EW/ES/AEW/ASW
Curtiss XSB3C US Dive bomber
Douglas F6D Missileer US Fighter
Grumman G-118 US Fighter
Grumman XTB2F US Torpedo bomber
Grumman XTSF US Torpedo bomber
Hawker Siddeley P.139B UK AEW
Hawker Siddeley P.1154 UK Fighter
Ling-Temco-Vought V507 US Fighter
Loening XFL US Fighter
McDonnell Douglas A-12 Avenger II US attack
Rockwell XFV-12 US Fighter
Vought XF5U US Fighter
Vought XS2U US ASW
Vought Model 1600 US Fighter
Yakovlev Yak-43 USSR Fighter
Yakovlev Yak-44 USSR AEW

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Two operated from USS Saratoga (CV-3) and USS Ranger (CV-4).
  2. ^ a b Production total is for all variants.
  3. ^ a b All examples converted from aircraft not originally intended for shipboard use.
  4. ^ 1 modified for carrier use
  5. ^ Modified U-2A for shipboard use with strengthened undercarriage.
  6. ^ The first Meteor F.1 prototype was used for deck handling trials aboard HMS Pretoria Castle in 1946 however no flights were attempted at that time.

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Francillon 1979, pp. 268–271.
  2. ^ Francillon 1979, pp. 271–276.
  3. ^ Jackson 1965, pp. 240–242.
  4. ^ Jackson 1965, pp. 202–206.
  5. ^ Jackson 1965, pp. 227–229.
  6. ^ Thetford, 1991, p.41-42
  7. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 209–214.
  8. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 343-248.
  9. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 349–363.
  10. ^ Chant, 1999, p.43
  11. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 128–134.
  12. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 160–169.
  13. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 150–159.
  14. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 240–244.
  15. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 215–232.
  16. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 411–420.
  17. ^ a b Munson, p.169
  18. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 364–385.
  19. ^ Jackson 1968, pp. 399–410.
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  130. ^ "LCA naval variant's first flight on Friday". Archived from the original on 2014-02-02.
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  137. ^ Polmar, Norman (2008). Aircraft Carriers: A History of Carrier Aviation and Its Influence on World Events, Volume II: 1946-2006. Washington, DC: Potomac Books. p. 231. ISBN 9781574886658.
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External links[edit]