List of cars with non-standard door designs

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This is a list of cars with non-standard door designs, sorted by door type. These car models use passenger door designs other than the standard design, which is hinged at the front edge of the door, and swings away from the car horizontally and towards the front of the car.

The main types of non-standard door designs are:

  • Butterfly – butterfly doors move via hinges along the A-pillar, on an axis not aligned vertically or horizontally to the vehicle or ground. A special type of butterfly door is a single door at the front of the car with the steering wheel attached.
  • Canopy – roof, windshield, and sides are one unit that moves upward, forward, or sideways to provide access.
  • Gullwing – hinged to the roof at the top horizontal edge of the door, and open upward on a horizontal axis. Gullwing doors with a second hinge between door and moving roof panel are called falcon wing doors.
  • Scissors – rotate vertically at a fixed hinge at the front of the door, and open by rotating on a horizontal axis, perpendicular to the vehicle's length. Scissor doors that also move outward while rotating are called dihedral synchro-helix actuation doors.
  • Sliding – mounted to or suspended from a track, and open by sliding horizontally alongside or into the vehicle sidewall, or open by sliding vertically into the vehicle sidewall or floor. Sliding doors that disappear into the floor horizontally are called rolling doors.
  • Suicide – hinged on the rear end of the doorframe, and open horizontally towards the rear.
  • Swan  – open outward like either a conventional door or a suicide door, but on an axis slightly tilted from vertical, or via articulation in the hinge to angle upward for better ground clearance 

Scissor doors[edit]

Butterfly doors[edit]

Road-legal cars[edit]

Racing cars[edit]

A common door design on Group C, IMSA GTP cars of the 1980s and early 1990s and recently on Daytona Prototype and Le Mans Prototype cars, this list does not include cars categorized as such. This list only include purpose built race cars.

Concept cars[edit]

Gullwing doors[edit]

Road-legal cars[edit]

Racing cars[edit]

Concept cars[edit]

Suicide doors[edit]

Delahaye Type 135 with its front suicide doors open

Models of automobile that featured suicide doors (i.e., doors hinged at the rear) include most full-sized extended-cab pickup trucks (rear doors only), and some vehicles categorised:

Canopy doors[edit]

Sliding doors[edit]

1954 Kaiser Darrin with its sliding pocket door opened

A common door design on minivans, leisure activity vehicles and light commercial vehicles includes some vehicles categorised:

Swan doors[edit]

They open outward like either a conventional door or a suicide door, but hinge slightly upward as well for better ground clearance, includes some vehicles categorised:

Dihedral doors[edit]

Koenigsegg CCX with dihedral doors open

Dihedral doors, found on Koenigsegg vehicles, open by rotating 90° at the hinge.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "For Your Information". Car and Driver. 13: 80. 1967. Retrieved 2 November 2015. 
  2. ^ "Lancia Stratos Prototipo". videodigitalpixel. youtube.com. Retrieved 22 October 2012. 
  3. ^ "Automotive". Design News. Reed Business Information. 37: 381. 1981. Retrieved 30 November 2015. 
  4. ^ "Neon in lights". Car and Driver. 36: 197. 1991. Retrieved 30 November 2015. 
  5. ^ Stone, Matt; Matras, John (2006). 365 Cars You Must Drive. Motorbooks. p. 196. ISBN 9780760324141. Retrieved 30 November 2015. 
  6. ^ Massy, Kevin (July 18, 2007). "Entrancing: Lincoln's disappearing-door concept". cnet. Retrieved 30 November 2015. 
  7. ^ "Clever name, surprising technology". autosofinterest.com. Retrieved 29 December 2015. 
  8. ^ "Photograph". sphotos-e.ak.fbcdn.net. Retrieved 4 March 2014.