List of castles in Ghana

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19th-century map of Gold Coast and the Asante kingdom

During the colonial period in Ghana, at the time known as Gold Coast, European-style coastal forts and castles were built, mostly by Portuguese, Dutch and British. A number of these fortifications and outposts were designated World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Kumasi Fort in the Ashanti Region was originally built by an Asante king in imitation of these colonial forts.[1]

Coastal regions[edit]

Forts and Castles, Volta, Greater Accra, Central and Western Regions
UNESCO World Heritage site
Cape coast castle II.JPG
Cape Coast Castle
CriteriaCultural: (vi)
Inscription1979 (3rd Session)

Forts and Castles, Volta, Greater Accra, Central and Western Regions is the collective designation by UNESCO of European-style fortifications and outposts (mostly Portuguese, Dutch and British) along the Gold Coast (modern-day Ghana) during the colonial period. The term specifically applies to a number of such fortifications designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979, including:[2]

  1. Fort Good Hope (Fort Goedehoop)
  2. Cape Coast Castle
  3. Fort Patience (Fort Leysaemhyt)
  4. Fort Amsterdam
  5. Fort St. Jago (Fort Conraadsburg)
  6. Fort Batenstein
  7. Fort San Sebastian
  8. Fort Metal Cross
  9. English Fort (Fort Vredenburg)
  10. Fort Saint Antony
  11. Elmina Castle (St. George's Castle / Fort St. Jorge)

The full WHS list consists of:[2]

Other coastal forts included in Ghana's material cultural heritage list of the Ghana Museums and Monuments Board:[3]

Not listed as heritage (mostly largely destroyed or otherwise lost):

Regions of Ghana

By region (from East to West):

Other regions[edit]


  1. ^ a b Kumasi Fort and Military Museum at
  2. ^ a b "Forts and Castles, Volta, Greater Accra, Central and Western Regions". UNESCO World Heritage Convention. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  3. ^ Forts and Castles at Ghana Museums and Monuments Board website

External links[edit]