List of castles in Hamburg

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This is a list of castles and manor houses in the German city-state of Hamburg. The list encompasses castles referred to in German as Burg (castle or fortification), Schloss (manor house, castle or palace), and Herrenhaus (manor house or mansion); existing, ruined or completely vanished.

The oldest known structures in Hamburg are or were early Medieval fortifications built between the 9th and 11th centuries, e.g. Hammaburg, Bischofsturm, Domburg, Alsterburg and Neue Burg. They were all purpose-built and are located in Hamburg's Altstadt (old town). Remains of the Bischofsturm (Bishop's tower) can be visited in close vicinity of St. Petrikirche.[1][2]

Later buildings were rarely fortifications. From the 13th century onwards, Hamburg had a complete ring of defensive structures, and as one of Europe's oldest city-republics there were no royal or princely estates (notable exceptions are structures in the boroughs of Bergedorf and Harburg which date from a time prior to becoming part of Hamburg). In the 17th through 19th century wealthy grand burghers had their country estates built as mansions or manor houses in the former outskirts, notably along Elbe and Elbchaussee in Othmarschen, Nienstedten and Blankenese,[3] but also along Alster and the Alster Valley.

Name German name Date[A] Location[B] Condition Image Notes
Bergedorf Castle Schloss Bergedorf Bergedorf Museum Bergedorf Castle
Hammaburg Hammaburg appr. 825 Location unknown[4] No remains Domplatz Hamburg with archaeological excavations Fortification
Harburg Castle Harburger Schloss 1137 Harburg Tenement Harburg Castle in the 1890s [5]
Jenisch House Jenisch Haus 1831 – 1834 Othmarschen Museum Jenisch-Haus [3]
Neuwerk lighthouse Leuchtturm Neuwerk 1300 –1310 Neuwerk Hotel and lighthouse Neuwerk lighthouse in Fortification, build from 1300 to 1310.
Since 1815, lighthouse.
Stillhorn Castle Schloss Stillhorn 16th century Wilhelmsburg No remains [6]
Wandsbek Castle Wandsbeker Schloss 1772 – 1778 Wandsbek Ruins not accessible Demolished in 1861[7]
Wellingsbüttel Manor Herrenhaus Wellingsbüttel 1750 Wellingsbüttel Private nursing home and restaurant Mansion Wellingsbüttel in 2006
  1. ^ Construction date or first mentioned on record.
  2. ^ Borough or quarter of current political location.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Helms-Museum Die Bischofsburg" (in German). Helms Museum. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  2. ^ "Schauraum Bischofsturm" (in German). Retrieved 2009-08-26. 
  3. ^ a b "Über das Jenisch Haus" (in German). Museum für Kunst und Kultur an der Elbe. Retrieved 2009-08-26. 
  4. ^ "Hammaburg – der große Irrtum". Hamburger Abendblatt (in German). 2007-12-12. Retrieved 2009-03-16. 
  5. ^ "1137 erstmals erwähnt, 1972 abgerissen: Die Geschichte des Harburger Schlosses" (in German). Hamburger Abendblatt. 2006-07-01. Retrieved 2009-08-26. 
  6. ^ Reinhard Bosse. "Der Stillhorner Rezsess von 1672" (in German). Museum Elbinsel Wilhelmsburg. Retrieved 2009-08-26. 
  7. ^ "City Wandsbek Das Wandsbeker Schloss" (in German). Retrieved 2009-03-16. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Castles in Hamburg at Wikimedia Commons
Media related to Manor houses in Hamburg at Wikimedia Commons