List of cat breeds

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The following list of cat breeds includes only domestic cat breeds and domestic × wild hybrids. The list includes established breeds recognized by various cat registries, new and experimental breeds, landraces being established as standardized breeds, distinct domestic populations not being actively developed, and lapsed (extinct) breeds.

As of 2016, The International Cat Association (TICA) recognizes 58 standardized breeds,[1] the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) recognizes 44,[2] and Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFe) recognizes 43.[3]

Inconsistency in breed classification and naming among registries means that an individual animal may be considered different breeds by different registries (though not necessarily eligible for registry in them all, depending on its exact ancestry). For example, TICA's Himalayan is considered a colorpoint version of the Persian by CFA, while Javanese (Colorpoint Longhair) is a color variation of the Balinese in TICA and CFA; both breeds are merged (along with Colorpoint Shorthair) into a single "mega-breed", the Colourpoint, in the World Cat Federation (WCF), who have repurposed the name "Javanese" for the Oriental Longhair. And "Colo[u]rpoint Longhair" refers to multiple different breeds in some other registries. There are several examples of nomenclatural confusion of this sort. Furthermore, many geographical and cultural names for cat breeds are fanciful selections made by Western breeders to be "exotic"-sounding, and bear no relationship to the actual origin of the breeds;[4] Balinese, Himalayan, and Javanese are all examples of this trend.

The domestic short-haired and domestic long-haired cat types are not breeds, but terms used (with various spellings) in the cat fancy to describe mongrel cats of a general type, by coat length, that do not belong to a particular breed. Some registries permit them to be pedigreed, and they have been used as foundation stock in the establishment of some breeds. They should not be confused with standardized breeds with similar names such as British Shorthair and Oriental Longhair.

Breeds[edit]

Breed Country Origin Body type Coat Pattern Image
Abyssinian Ethiopia Natural Oriental Short Ticked
Gustav chocolate.jpg
Aegean Greece Natural Semi-long Bi- or tricolored
Aegean cat.jpg
American Curl United States Mutation Short/long All
American curl 2.jpg
American Bobtail United States Mutation Short/long All
American bobtail 2.jpg
American Shorthair United States Natural Short All but colorpoint
American Shorthair.jpg
American Wirehair United States Mutation Rex All but colorpoint
American Wirehair - CFF cat show Heinola 2008-05-04 IMG 8721.JPG
Aphrodite Giant Cyprus Natural Lean and muscular All All but cinammon and chocolate
Aphrodite's Giant.jpg
Arabian Mau Arabian Peninsula Natural Short
3yoArabianMau.jpeg
Australian Mist Australia Crossbreed: Abyssinian, and Burmese Moderate Short Spotted or tabby
Australian Mist.jpg
Asian Developed in the United Kingdom (foundation stock from Asia) Short Evenly solid
BrownVarientAsianCat.JPG
Asian Semi-longhair United Kingdom Crossbreed: Burmese and long-haired cats Semi-long Solid
Tiffanie at cat show.jpg
Balinese Developed in the United States (foundation stock from Thailand) Oriental Long Colorpoint
Oskar.jpg
Bambino United States Crossbreed: Munchkin and Sphynx Dwarf Hairless or downy
Bengal Developed in the United States (foundation stock from Asia) Hybrid: Abyssinian and Egyptian Mau × leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) Short Spotted, marbled, or rosetted
BengalCat Stella.jpg
Birman Developed in France (foundation stock from Burma, etc.) Crossbreed: original Birman (near extinction) with Persian and Siamese Semi-long Colorpoint
Birman2.jpg
Bombay Developed in the United States (some foundation stock from Burma and Thailand) Crossbreed: American Shorthair and Burmese Moderate Short Solid
Close up of a black domestic cat.jpg
Brazilian Shorthair Brazil Natural Short All
Gato pelo curto brasileiro.JPG
British Semi-longhair United Kingdom Cobby Medium All
British Longhair - Black Silver Shaded.jpg
British Shorthair United Kingdom Natural Cobby Short All
Britishblue.jpg
British Longhair United Kingdom Cobby Long
British Longhair - Black Silver Shaded.jpg
Burmese Burma and Thailand Natural Short Solid
Blissandlucky11.jpg
Burmilla United Kingdom Crossbreed: Burmese and Persian Short/long
Male Burmilla cat.jpeg
California Spangled United States Crossbreed: Abyssinian, American Shorthair, and British Shorthair Short Spotted
Star Spangled Cat.jpg
Chantilly-Tiffany United States
Tiffany3.jpg
Chartreux France Natural Cobby Short Solid
Abbaye fev2006 003.jpg
Chausie France Hybrid: Abyssinian × jungle cat (Felis chaus) Short Ticked
Chausiecatexample.jpg
Cheetoh United States Crossbred hybrid: Bengal and Ocicat Short Spotted
Cheetoh cat chilling.png
Colorpoint Shorthair
(For Longhair, see Javanese below)
Short
Jake117.jpg
Cornish Rex United Kingdom (England) Mutation Rex All
BebopsLilacPrince.JPG
Cymric, or
Manx Longhair;
Longhaired Manx[a]
United Kingdom (Isle of Man), and Canada Mutation, from original Manx Long
Cymric - Norwegian forest cat presentation show Kotka 2009-02-01 IMG 0687.JPG
Cyprus Cyprus Natural Lean and muscular All All
CyprusShorthair.jpg
Devon Rex United Kingdom (England) Mutation Oriental Rex All
Devon Rex Izzy.jpg
Donskoy, or
Don Sphynx
Russia Hairless
Cat don sphinx.JPG
Dragon Li China Natural Short Striped tabby
Dragon Li - Li Hua Mau1.jpg
Dwelf Crossbreed: American Curl, Munchkin, and Sphinx Dwarf Hairless
Munchkin cat.jpg
Egyptian Mau Egypt Natural Short Spotted
Egy mau.jpg
European Shorthair Finland and Sweden Natural Short
European shorthair procumbent Quincy.jpg
Exotic Shorthair United States Crossbreed: American Shorthair and Persian Cobby Short All
Cream tabby exotic cat.jpg
Foldex[5] Canada Crossbreed: Exotic Shorthair and Scottish Fold Cobby Short All
Cachorro de Gato FoldEx ("Belisario del Laberinto").JPG
German Rex East Germany Mutation Rex
German Rex Emi.jpg
Havana Brown United Kingdom Crossbreed: Siamese and black short-haired cats Short Solid
Havana Brown.jpg
Highlander United States Crossbred hybrid: Desert Lynx and Jungle Curl Moderate Short/long All
Highlander-7.jpg
Himalayan, or
Colorpoint Persian[b]
United States and United Kingdom Crossbreed: Persian and Siamese Cobby Long Colorpoint
Chocolate Himlayan.jpg
Japanese Bobtail Japan Natural, mutation Moderate Short/long All but colorpoint and ticked
JapaneseBobtailBlueEyedMi-ke.JPG
Javanese, or
Colorpoint Longhair[c]
Developed in the United States and Canada (foundation stock from Southeast Asia) Crossbreed: Balinese, with some Colorpoint Shorthair, Oriental Longhair, and Siamese. Oriental Long Colorpoint
Javanese cat.jpg
Karelian Bobtail Western Russia Natural, mutation
Khao Manee Thailand Natural Short Solid
Khao Manee "ChaWee".jpg
Korat Thailand Natural Short Solid
Veda,chat-adulte-mâle-race-korat.JPG
Korean Bobtail Korea Natural, mutation Short/long Colorprint
Korn Ja Thailand Natural Short/hairless Solid
Kurilian Bobtail, or
Kuril Islands Bobtail
Eastern Russia and Japan Natural, mutation Semi-cobby Short/long
Kurilian bobtail.JPG
LaPerm United States Mutation Moderate Rex All
Laperm LH red tabby.jpg
Lykoi United States Mutation Partly hairless Ticked
8-month-old male Lykoi.jpg
Maine Coon United States Natural Large Long All but colorpoint and ticked
Maine Coon female.jpg
Manx United Kingdom (Isle of Man) Natural, mutation Short/long All but colorpoint
Japanese Bobtail looking like Manx.jpg
Mekong Bobtail Russia Mutation Short Colorpoint
Mekong bobtail female, Cofein Pride cattery.jpg
Minskin United States Crossbreed: Munchkin and Sphynx Dwarf; semi-cobby Short/hairless All
Minskin Kitten Female blue tabby color-pattern.jpg
Munchkin United States Mutation Dwarf
Longhairedmunchkin.jpg
Nebelung United States Semi-long Solid
Nebelung Male, Aleksandr van Song de Chine.JPG
Napoleon Short/long Varied
Norwegian Forest cat Norway Natural Long All but colorpoint
Norskskogkatt Evita 3.JPG
Ocicat United States Crossbreed: Abyssinian, American Shorthair, and Siamese Short Spotted
Ocicat-Charan.jpg
Ojos Azules United States
Oregon Rex United States Mutation Rex
Oriental Bicolor Developed in the United States and United Kingdom, later in Continental Europe; foundation stock ultimately from Thailand Oriental Bicolor
Oriental shorthair 20070130 caroline.jpg
Oriental Shorthair[d] Developed in the United States and later the United Kingdom; foundation stock ultimately from Thailand Crossbreed: European Shorthair and Siamese Oriental Short All but colorpoint
Oriental Shorthair Blue Eyed White cat (juvenile).jpg
Oriental Longhair,[d] or
Foreign Longhair;
Mandarin;
British Angora (obsolete)
Developed in the United Kingdom and United States; foundation stock ultimately from Thailand Oriental Semi-long
OLH-GIP Divan Cesar.jpg
Persian (modern) Developed in the United States and Europe (foundation stock from Greater Iran) Mutation, from the traditional Persian Cobby Long All
Persialainen.jpg
Persian (traditional) Greater Iran Natural, but some crossing with Turkish Angora Cobby Long All
SnowyandHazy.jpg
Peterbald Russia Crossbreed: Donskoy, Oriental Shorthair, and Siamese; early: Balinese and Javanese Oriental Hairless All
Tamila the lilac tabby Peterbald cat.jpg
Pixie-bob United States Mutation (falsely claimed to be a bobcat hybrid early on) Short Spotted
Jarnac Bepacific feb07.jpg
Raas Indonesia Natural Short
Ragamuffin, or
Liebling (obsolete)
United States Crossbreed: Ragdoll with limited out-crossing to Himalayan, Persian, other long-haired cats Cobby Long All
20050922AmarilloRes.jpg
Ragdoll United States Mutation (behavioral) in a crossbreed, presumed Persian or Angora, and Birman or Burmese Cobby Long Colorpoint, mitted, or bicolor
Ragdoll from Gatil Ragbelas.jpg
Russian Blue Russia Natural Short Solid
Russian Blue 001.gif
Russian White, Black, and Tabby Developed in Australia (foundation stock from Russia) Crossbreeds: Russian Blue and short-haired cats from Siberia (Russia) Short
Sam Sawet Thailand Natural Short Solid
Savannah United States Hybrid: Domestic cat × serval (Leptailurus serval)[6] Large Short Spotted
Savannah Cat portrait.jpg
Scottish Fold United Kingdom (Scotland) Mutation Cobby Short/long All
Lilac-coated Scottish Fold
Selkirk Rex United States Mutation, crossbreed: American Shorthair, Persian, Himalayan, Exotic Shorthair, and British Shorthair Rex (Short/long) All
PolloSelkirkRex.jpg
Serengeti United States Crossbred hybrid: Bengal and Oriental Shorthair Short Spotted
Serengetimalecat.jpg
Serrade petit France Natural Short
mini-cat Serrade petit.jpg
Siamese (modern)
(for traditional, see Thai, below)
Developed in the United States and Europe (foundation stock from Thailand) Mutation, from traditional Siamese (now known as Thai) Oriental Short Colorpoint
Siam lilacpoint.jpg
Siberian, or
Siberian Forest Cat;
Neva Masquerade (colorpoint variety)
Russia Natural Semi-cobby Semi-long All
Siberiancat.jpg
Singapura United States Crossbreed: Burmese and Abyssinian Short Ticked
Raffles singapura cat.jpg
Snowshoe United States Crossbreed: American Shorthair and Siamese Short Colorpoint
Snowshoe (cat).JPG
Sokoke Kenya Natural Short Tabby with ticking
Sokoke dalili.jpg
Somali Somalia Mutation Long Ticked
Blue Somali kitten age 3 months.jpg
Sphynx Canada Mutation Oriental Hairless All
Sphinx2 July 2006.jpg
Suphalak Thailand Natural Short Solid
Suphalak Female in Thailand named AumDaengManee.jpg
Thai, or
Traditional, Classic, or Old-style Siamese;
Wichien Maat[e]
Thailand Natural Moderate Short Colorpoint
Mimbi3.JPG
Thai Lilac Thailand Natural Short Solid
Thai Lilac.jpg
Tonkinese Canada Crossbreed: Burmese and Siamese Short Colorpoint, mink, or solid
Tonkinese.gif
Toyger United States Crossbred hybrid: Bengal and short-haired cats Moderate Short Striped
Toyger - Cornish Rex presentation show Riihimäki 2008-11-16 IMG 0101.JPG
Turkish Angora Turkey Natural Semi-long All but colorpoint
Turkse angora.jpg
Turkish Van Developed in the United Kingdom (foundation stock from Turkey) Natural Semi-long Van
Turkish Van Example2.jpg
Ukrainian Levkoy Ukraine Hairless
Ukrainian Levkoy cat.jpg
Wila Krungthep Thailand Natural Short Solid
York Chocolate United States (New York) Natural Long Solid
York Chocolate.jpg

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ The Cymric is often classed as a variety of Manx rather than a separate breed, e.g. as"Semi-longhair Manx Variant" in the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF).
  2. ^ Some registries, such as TICA, may classify the Himalayan as a colorpoint sub-breed of Persian. Others may make it a long-haired sub-breed of Siamese. The WCF has combined the Himalayan, the Colourpoint Shorthair, and the Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair into a single breed, the Colorpoint.
  3. ^ "Colorpoint Longhair" has multiple meanings, and "Javanese" has been used for at least one other breed; the WCF uses the "Javanese" name for the Oriental Longhair (not colorpointed). WCF has also merged the colorpointed Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair, the Himalayan, and the Colourpoint Shorthair of other registries into a single breed, the Colourpoint. In CFA, TICA, and some other registries, the Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair has merged back into Balinese as a division.
  4. ^ a b In some registries, including CFA, the Oriental Shorthair and Oriental Longhair are single breed, the Oriental, with two divisions.
  5. ^ Thai is a recently established new name for the original, rounder-faced, thicker-bodied Siamese breed.
  1. ^ The International Cat Association - TICA Breed Standards
  2. ^ Cat Fanciers' Association - CFA Breed Standards
  3. ^ Fédération InternationFéline - FIFe Breed Standards
  4. ^ Somerville, Louisa (2007). The Ultimate Guide to Cat Breeds. Edison, New Jersey: Chartwell Books. p. 44. ISBN 9780785822646. There is a lot of confusion surrounding the use of this name in the cat world, although it is always used to describe cats of distinctly Oriental type. It has been adopted simply because of the tradition which has grown up for using the names of countries and islands from south-eastern Asian for other Oriental breeds, such as the Siamese and Balinese.
  5. ^ "The Foldex". showcatsonline.com. Retrieved 2015-06-06.
  6. ^ http://f3savannahcat.com/

External links[edit]