List of centenarians (actors, filmmakers and entertainers)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The following is a list of centenarians – specifically, people who became famous as actors, filmmakers and entertainers – known for reasons other than their longevity. For more lists, see lists of centenarians.

Name Lifespan Age Notability
George Abbott 1887–1995 107 American stage actor, director, and producer[1]
Rosa Albach-Retty 1874–1980 105 Austrian film and stage actress[2]
Jenny Alpha 1910–2010 100 Martinique actress and singer[3]
Lukas Ammann 1912–2017 104 Swiss actor[4]
Dusty Anderson 1918– 100 American actress and pin-up model
Nina Andrycz 1912–2014 101 Polish actress[5]
Nikolay Annenkov 1899–1999 100 Soviet-Russian actor[6]
Neal Arden 1909–2014 104 British actor[7]
Svend Asmussen 1916–2017 100 Danish jazz violinist
Richard L. Bare 1913–2015 101 American motion picture and television director[8]
Etta Moten Barnett 1901–2004 102 African American stage actress and singer[9]
Dave Bartholomew 1918–2019 100 American musician, bandleader, composer, arranger, and record producer[10]
Sam Beazley 1916–2017 101 British actor[11]
Amelia Bence 1914–2016 101 Argentine film actress[12]
Bruce Bennett 1906–2007 100 American actor and Olympic athlete[13]
Irving Benson 1914–2016 102 American actor[14]
Irving Berlin 1888-1989 101 American composer and lyricist[15]
Walter Bernstein 1919- 100 American screenwriter and film producer[16]
Stella Bloch 1897–1999 101 American dancer[17]
Susanna Bokoyni 1879–1984 105 Hungarian circus performer[18]
Margaret Booth 1898–2002 104 American film editor[19]
Osmond Borradaile 1898–1999 100 Canadian cameraman and cinematographer[20]
Rosa Bouglione 1910–2018 107 French circus performer[21]
Robert F. Boyle 1909–2010 100 American art director and production designer[22]
Carlo Ludovico Bragaglia 1894–1998 103 Italian film director and screenwriter[23]
José Bragato 1915–2017 101 Italian-born Argentine cellist, composer, conductor, arranger and musical archivist[24]
Artur Brauner 1918–2019 100 German film producer[25]
Renate Brausewetter 1905–2006 100 German silent film actress[26]
Helen Bray 1889–1990 100 American actress[27]
Oscar Brodney 1907–2008 100 American screenwriter[28]
Mona Bruns 1899–2000 100 American actress[29]
Zoya Bulgakova 1914–2017 102 Soviet-Russian stage actress[30]
George Burns 1896–1996 100 American actor and comedian[31]
Helen Burns 1916–2018 101 English actress[32]
Irving Caesar 1895–1996 101 American lyricist and theater composer[33]
John Calvert 1911–2013 102 American magician[34]
Earl Cameron 1917– 102 Bermudian-born British actor[35]
Anna Campori 1917–2018 100 Italian actress[36]
Mary Carlisle 1914–2018 104 American actress[37]
Diana Serra Cary 1918– 100 American child actress (known as "Baby Peggy"), author and cinema historian[38]
Christian Casadesus 1912–2014 101 French actor[39]
Gisèle Casadesus 1914–2017 103 French actress[40]
Wally Cassell 1912–2015 103 Italian-born American actor[41]
Horacio Coppola 1906–2012 105 Argentine photographer and filmmaker[42]
Irwin Corey 1914–2017 102 American comedian[43]
Norman Corwin 1910–2011 101 American screenwriter and producer[44]
Diosa Costello 1913–2013 100 American entertainer[45]
Louise Currie 1913–2013 100 American film actress[46]
Leila Danette 1909–2012 103 American actress[47]
Robert Darène 1914–2016 102 French actor, film director and screenwriter[48]
Danielle Darrieux 1917–2017 100 French actress[49]
Jimmie Davis 1899–2000 101 American singer and songwriter[50]
Dame Olivia de Havilland 1916– 103 British–born American film actress[51]
Suzy Delair 1917– 101 French actress and dancer[52]
Rosine Delamare 1911–2013 101 French Academy Award-nominated costume designer[53]
Jean Delannoy 1908–2008 100 French actor and film director[54]
Frances Dewey Wormser 1903–2008 104 American stage actress[55]
Dorothy Dickson 1893–1995 102 American-British stage actress[56]
Kirk Douglas 1916– 102 American film actor and producer[57]
Ellen Albertini Dow 1913–2015 101 American character actress[58]
Claire Du Brey 1892–1993 100 American film actress[59]
Paulette Dubost 1910–2011 100 French actress[60]
Marta Eggerth 1912–2013 101 Hungarian-born American actress and singer[61]
Mary Ellis 1897–2003 105 American-born British stage actress[62]
Jean Erdman 1916– 103 American dancer[63]
Carl Esmond 1902–2004 102 German-American actor[64]
Irving Fein 1911–2012 101 American television and film producer[65]
Dame Gwen Ffrangcon-Davies 1891–1992 101 English actress[66]
Gunnar Fischer 1910–2011 100 Swedish cinematographer[67]
Rina Franchetti 1907–2010 102 Italian actress[68]
Harriet Frank Jr. 1917– 102 American screenwriter and producer[69]
Arthur Gardner 1910–2014 104 American television producer[70]
Hal Geer 1916–2017 100 American producer and filmmaker[71]
Pierre Gérald 1906–2012 105 French actor[72]
Erwin Geschonneck 1906–2008 101 German actor[73]
Julie Gibson 1913– 105 American actress and singer[74]
Marie Glory 1905–2009 103 French actress[75]
Dercy Gonçalves 1907–2008 101 Brazilian actress[76]
Coleridge Goode 1914–2015 100 Jamaican-born British jazz bassist[77]
Karl Otto Götz 1914–2017 103 German artist, filmmaker, draughtsman/printmaker, writer, and art professor[78]
Liane Haid 1895–2000 105 Austrian actress[79]
Stein Grieg Halvorsen 1909–2013 104 Norwegian actor[80]
Kathleen Harrison 1892–1995 103 British actress[81]
Johannes Heesters 1903–2011 108 Dutch actor, vocalist, and performer[82]
Bob Hope 1903–2003 100 British-born American comedian[83]
Mieczysław Horszowski 1892–1993 100 Polish-American pianist[84]
Shep Houghton 1914–2016 102 American actor and dancer[85][86]
Yvonne Howell 1905–2010 104 American silent film actress[87]
Marsha Hunt 1917– 101 American actress[88]
Minoru Inuzuka 1901–2007 106 Japanese film director and screenwriter[89]
Vilma Jamnická 1906–2008 101 Slovakian actress[90]
Joli Jászai 1907–2008 101 Hungarian actress[91]
Gertrude Jeannette 1914–2018 103 American actress, theatre director and producer[92]
Herb Jeffries 1913–2014 100 American singer and actor[93]
Tatyana Karpova 1916–2018 102 Soviet-Russian actress[94]
John Kenley 1906–2009 103 American Broadway director and producer[95]
Barbara Kent 1907–2011 103 Canadian-born American actress[96]
Robert Kinoshita 1914–2014 100 American art director[97]
Hans F. Koenekamp 1891–1992 100 American cinematographer[98]
Mae Laborde 1909–2012 102 American television actress[99]
Carla Laemmle 1909–2014 104 American film actress[100]
Guje Lagerwall 1918–2019 100 Swedish actress[101]
Charles Lane 1905–2007 102 American character actor[102]
Sid Laverents 1908–2009 100 American amateur filmmaker[103]
Yvette Lebon 1910–2014 103 French actress[104]
Francis Lederer 1899–2000 100 American actor[105]
Aleen Leslie 1908–2010 101 American screenwriter[106]
Chen Liting 1910–2013 102 Chinese playwright, drama and film director[107]
Norman Lloyd 1914– 104 American actor[108]
Elena Lucena 1914–2015 101 Argentine actress[109]
Don Lusk 1913–2018 105 American animator[110]
Ingrid Luterkort 1910–2011 101 Swedish actress[111]
Lincoln Maazel 1903–2009 106 American actor and singer[112]
Kurt Maetzig 1911–2012 101 German film director[113]
Maciej Maciejewski 1914–2018 103 Polish actor[114]
Martin Magner 1900–2002 101 German-American theatre and television director and producer[115]
Tommie Manderson 1912–2015 102 British make-up artist[116]
Margery Mason 1913–2014 100 British actress[117]
Leslie H. Martinson 1915–2016 101 American television and film director[118]
Carmen Martínez Sierra 1904–2012 108 Spanish actress[119]
Sherman Maxwell 1907–2008 100 American sportscaster[120]
Fay McKenzie 1918–2019 101 American actress[121]
Mariuccia Medici 1910–2012 102 Italian-born Swiss actress[122]
Benjamin Melniker 1913–2018 104 American film producer[123]
Sheila Mercier 1919– 100 English actress[124]
Madeleine Milhaud 1902–2008 105 French actress and librettist[125]
Moi-Yo Miller 1914–2018 104 Australian magician's assistant[126]
Antony Mitradas 1913–2017 103 Indian film director[127]
Igor Moiseyev 1906–2007 101 Soviet-Russian choreographer[128]
Miguel Morayta 1907–2013 105 Mexican film director[129]
Patricia Morison 1915–2018 103 American actress[130]
Meg Mundy 1915–2016 101 English-born American actress[131]
Audrey Munson 1891–1996 104 American model and actress[132]
Randi Lindtner Næss 1905–2009 104 Norwegian actress and singer[133]
Grim Natwick 1890–1990 100 American animator[134]
Ivan Novikoff 1899–2002 102 Russian ballet teacher[135]
Gladys O'Connor 1903–2012 108 British-Canadian actress[136]
Kevin O'Morrison 1916–2016 100 American actor and playwright[137]
Kazuo Ohno 1906–2010 103 Japanese dancer[138]
Manoel de Oliveira 1908–2015 106 Portuguese film director[139]
Nelly Omar 1911–2013 102 Argentine actress and singer[140]
Risto Orko 1899–2001 102 Finnish film producer and director[141]
Ethel Waite Owen 1893–1997 103 American actress[142]
Emily Perry 1907–2008 100 British actress[143]
Nehemiah Persoff 1919– 100 American actor[144]
Fern Persons 1910–2012 101 American film and television actress[145]
Tullio Pinelli 1908–2009 100 Italian playwright and screenwriter[146]
Marc Platt 1913–2014 100 American actor and dancer[147]
Olaf Pooley 1914–2015 101 English actor[148]
Willis Pyle 1914–2016 101 American animator[149]
Milton Quon 1913–2019 105 American animator, artist and actor[150]
Luise Rainer 1910–2014 104 German-born American-British Academy Award-winning actress[151]
Irving Rapper 1898–1999 101 British-American film director[152]
Red Wing 1873–1974 101 Native-American film actress[153]
Harry Redmond Jr. 1909–2011 101 American special effects artist and film producer[154]
Connie Douglas Reeves 1901–2003 101 American cowgirl[155]
Georgette Rejewski 1910–2014 104 Dutch actress[156]
Helen Reichert 1901–2011 109 American talk show personality and professor[157]
Ted Richmond 1910–2013 103 American film producer[158]
Leni Riefenstahl 1902–2003 101 German filmmaker[159]
Gerda Ring 1891–1999 107 Norwegian stage actress and producer[160]
Hal Roach 1892–1992 100 American film and television producer[161]
Zvonimir Rogoz 1887–1988 100 Croatian actor [162]
Jack Rollins 1915–2015 100 American film producer[163]
Jean Rouverol 1916–2017 100 American actress and screenwriter[164]
Frederica Sagor Maas 1900–2012 111 American screenwriter, playwright, and essayist[165]
Sol Saks 1910–2011 100 American screenwriter and producer[166]
Connie Sawyer 1912–2018 105 American actress[167]
Ivy Sawyer 1898–1999 101 American dancer, singer and actress[168]
Hannes Schiel 1914–2017 103 Austrian actor[169]
Robert C. Schnitzer 1906–2008 101 American actor, producer, educator and theater administrator[170]
Ida Schuster 1918– 100 Scottish actress[171]
Miriam Seegar 1907–2011 103 American actress[172]
Zohra Sehgal 1912–2014 102 Indian dancer and actress[173]
Tonio Selwart 1896–2002 106 German actor and stage performer[174]
Marina Semyonova 1908–2010 101 Soviet-Russian prima ballerina[175]
Ramananda Sengupta 1916–2017 101 Indian cinematographer[176]
Athene Seyler 1889–1990 101 English actress[177]
Helen Shaw 1897–1997 100 American actress[178]
Jane Sherman 1908–2010 101 American dancer and writer[179]
Kaneto Shindo 1912–2012 100 Japanese film director[180]
Renée Simonot 1911– 107 French actress[181]
Douglas Slocombe 1913–2016 103 British cinematographer[182]
Helli Stehle 1907–2017 109 Swiss actress and radio presenter[183]
Hugh Stewart 1910–2011 100 British film editor and producer[184]
Dorothy Stickney 1896–1998 101 American actress[185]
Gloria Stuart 1910–2010 100 American film actress[186]
Alan Surgal 1916–2017 100 American screenwriter[187]
Wolfgang Suschitzky 1912–2016 104 Austrian cinematographer and photographer[188]
Danuta Szaflarska 1915–2017 102 Polish actress[189]
Takumi Furukawa 1917–2018 101 Japanese film director[190]
Tang Xiaodan 1910–2012 101 Chinese film director[191]
Ellaline Terriss 1871–1971 100 British stage and film actress and musical performer[192]
Nini Theilade 1915–2018 102 Danish ballet dancer, choreographer and teacher[193]
Frank M. Thomas 1889–1989 100 American actor[194]
Ruthie Tompson 1910– 109 American animator[195]
Roman Totenberg 1911-2012 101 Polish-American violinist[196]
Lupita Tovar 1910–2016 106 Mexican-American actress[197]
Dorothy Toy 1917–2019 102 Asian-American dancer[198]
Doris Eaton Travis 1904–2010 106 American actress, dancer/dance instructor, writer, and rancher; last surviving Ziegfeld Girl[199]
Roger Tréville 1902–2005 102 French actor[200]
Mabel Trunnelle 1879–1981 101 American actress[201]
Dame Ninette de Valois 1898–2001 102 British founder of the Royal Ballet, London[202]
Otakar Vávra 1911–2011 100 Czech film director, screenwriter and pedagogue[203]
Pauline Wagner 1910–2014 103 American actress[204]
Bea Wain 1917–2017 100 American big band singer and radio personality[205]
Mary Ward 1915– 104 Australian actress and radio broadcaster[206]
Señor Wences 1896–1999 103 Spanish-American ventriloquist[207]
Gösta Werner 1908–2009 101 Swedish film director[208]
Frances Wessells 1919- 100 American Dancer and Choreographer[209]
Murray Westgate 1918–2018 100 Canadian television and film actor[210]
Elmo Williams 1913–2015 102 American film and television editor[211]
Irv Williams 1919- 100 American jazz saxophonist and composer[212]
Estelle Winwood 1883–1984 101 English stage and movie actress[213]
Norrie Woodhall 1905–2011 105 English stage actress[214]
Katja Wulff 1890–1992 101 Swiss expressionist dancer[215]
Yan Jizhou 1917–2018 100 Chinese film director[216]
Dorothy Young 1907–2011 103 American entertainer and assistant to Harry Houdini[217]
Izabella Yurieva 1899–2000 100 Russian singer[218]
Miguel Zacarías 1905–2006 101 Mexican film director and producer[219]
Vladimir Zeldin 1915–2016 101 Soviet-Russian actor[220]
Adolph Zukor 1873–1976 103 Hungarian-born American founder of Paramount Pictures[221]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "George Abbott, Broadway giant with hit after hit, is dead at 107". The New York Times. 1995-02-02. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  2. ^ "Rosa Albach-Retty". Der Spiegel (in German). 1980-09-01. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  3. ^ "Jenny Alpha, 100 ans et doyenne des artistes français" (in French). Retrieved February 7, 2017.
  4. ^ "Lukas Ammann 100 Jahre alt". Neue Zürcher Zeitung (in German). 2012-09-29. Retrieved 2014-02-02.
  5. ^ "'Great Dame of Polish Theatre' dies aged 101". Polish Radio External Service. 2014-01-31. Retrieved 2014-02-06.
  6. ^ "Николай Александрович Анненков". Annenkov.ru. Retrieved 2017-02-22.
  7. ^ "Neal Arden obituary". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. 2014-07-31. Retrieved 2014-08-21.
  8. ^ "Richard L. Bare turns 100". Archive of American Television. 2013-08-12. Archived from the original on 2013-09-23. Retrieved 2013-12-19.
  9. ^ "Etta Moten Barnett, 102; Porgy and Bess star sang at the White House". Los Angeles Times. 2004-01-05. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  10. ^ "Dave Bartholomew, Mainstay of New Orleans R&B, Dies at 100". New York Times. 2019-06-25. Retrieved 2019-08-20.
  11. ^ "Obituary: Sam Beazley". The Times. 2017-06-15. Retrieved 2017-06-15.
  12. ^ "Murió Amelia Bence, la actriz de los ojos más lindos del mundo". La Nación (in Spanish). 2016-02-08. Retrieved 2016-02-08.
  13. ^ Gjerde, Arild; Jeroen Heijmans; Bill Mallon; Hilary Evans (2010). "Herman Brix Biography and Olympic Results". Olympics. Sports Reference.com. Retrieved 2010-03-20.
  14. ^ Steinberg, Don (2014-02-13). "The 100-Year-Old Top Banana". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2014-03-13.
  15. ^ Berger, Marilyn (1989-09-23). "Irving Berlin, Nation's Songwriter, Dies". New York TImes. Retrieved 2019-08-20.
  16. ^ Mosley, Walter (2019-08-20). "Walter Mosley in Conversation with Legendary Filmmaker Walter Bernstein". Literary Hub. Retrieved 2019-08-20.
  17. ^ "Stella Bloch papers – 1907–1999". New York Public Library. 2016. Retrieved 2016-11-28.
  18. ^ McWhirter, Norris (1997). The Guinness Book of World Records 1997. Bantam Books. p. 15. ISBN 0-553-54284-2.
  19. ^ "Margaret Booth. Film editor from Hollywood's golden age". The Guardian. 2002-11-16. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  20. ^ "Obituary: Osmond Borradaile". The Independent. 1999-05-05. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  21. ^ "Mort de Rosa Bouglione, la reine du cirque, à l'âge de 107 ans" [Death of Rosa Bouglione, Queen of the Circus, at the age of 107] (in French). lefigaro.fr. 27 August 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  22. ^ "Robert Boyle obituary". EMAP Media. August 4, 2010. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
  23. ^ "BRAGAGLIA, Carlo Ludovico in "Enciclopedia del Cinema"". Treccani.it. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  24. ^ "Argentinian cellist José Bragato dies at the age of 101". thestrad.com. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  25. ^ "Artur Brauner wird 100 – Der Entronnene" by Bert Rebhandl, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, 1 August 2018 (in German)
  26. ^ WELT.de/dpa (20 August 2006). "Stummfilmstar Renate Brausewetter ist tot". Welt.de. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  27. ^ "Find a Grave: Helen Bray". Findagrave.com. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  28. ^ "Find a Grave: Oscar Brodney". Findagrave.com. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  29. ^ III, Harris M. Lentz (24 October 2008). "Obituaries in the Performing Arts, 2000: Film, Television, Radio, Theatre, Dance, Music, Cartoons and Pop Culture". McFarland. Retrieved 7 January 2019 – via Google Books.
  30. ^ "В возрасте 102 лет скончалась старейшая актриса России Зоя Булгакова – Газета.Ru". Gazeta.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-02-22.
  31. ^ "George Burns, straight man and ageless with, dies at 100". The New York Times. 1996-03-10. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  32. ^ "Helen Burns Langham". Legacy.com. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  33. ^ "Irving Caesar, Lyricist of Timeless Hits Like 'Tea for Two,' Dies at 101". nytimes.com. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  34. ^ "Happy 100th Birthday John Calvert". iTricks.com. 2011-08-06. Retrieved 2011-08-09.
  35. ^ "'I've not retired!' Earl Cameron, Britain's first black film star, on Bond, racism – and turning 100". The Guardian. 2017-08-08. Retrieved 2017-08-08.
  36. ^ "Recitò con Totò e sposò Pietro De Vico: Anna Campori compie 100 anni". NapoliToday (in Italian). 22 September 2017. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  37. ^ "Mary Carlisle profile". immortalephemera.com. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
  38. ^ "Diana Serra Cary aka Baby Peggy - 100th Birthday". Guideposts.org. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  39. ^ "Christian CASADESUS". DÉCÈS (in French). Rue du Conservatoire. 2013-03-11. Retrieved 2014-04-06.
  40. ^ Salino, Brigitte (2014-06-17). "Joyeux centenaire, Gisèle Casadesus!". Le Monde (in French). Retrieved 2014-06-17.
  41. ^ Barnes, Mike (2015-05-28). "Wally Cassell, Gangster in 'White Heat', Dies at 103". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 2015-06-18.
  42. ^ "Coppola, los ojos que vieron un siglo". lanacion.com.ar. 2011-07-30. Retrieved 2012-03-22.
  43. ^ Tribou, Richard (2014-07-29). "People still with us: Comic Irwin Corey turns 100". Orlando Sentinel. Tribune Company. Retrieved 2014-07-31.
  44. ^ Grimes, William (2011-10-19). "Norman Corwin, Pioneer of Radio, Dies at 101". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-09-27.
  45. ^ "Fallece la actriz Diosa Costello". El Nuevo Día (in Spanish). 2013-06-27. Retrieved 2013-06-27.
  46. ^ Magers, Boyd (2013-09-11). "News". Western Clippings. Retrieved 2013-09-11.
  47. ^ "Leila Danette turns 100". Amityville Record. 2009-12-16. Retrieved 2014-11-06.
  48. ^ "Mittainville: décès du réalisateur Robert Darène". Le Parisien. Éditions Philippe Amaury. 2016-01-26. Retrieved 2016-01-29.
  49. ^ "Danielle Darrieux, l'actrice féminissime, a 100 ans lundi". Leparisien.fr. 1 May 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
  50. ^ "Jimmie Davis". The Guardian. 6 November 2000. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  51. ^ Mondello, Bob (2016-07-01). "100 Years Of Olivia De Havilland Handling Sexism, Her Sister, And Scarlett O'Hara". NPR. Retrieved 2016-07-05.
  52. ^ "Suzy Delair, la Jenny Lamour de Quai des Orfèvres, fête ses 100 ans". FIGARO. 31 December 2017. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  53. ^ Siscot, André (2013-03-21). "Delamare, Rosine". Les Gens du Cinema. Retrieved 2013-03-30.
  54. ^ Gates, Anita (2008-06-19). "Jean Delannoy, French director". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-10-19.
  55. ^ "Frances Dewey Wormser dies Vaudeville, Broadway performer was 104". Variety. 2008-02-13. Retrieved 2010-08-01.
  56. ^ "Obituary: Dorothy Dickson". The Independent. 1995-09-27. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  57. ^ Fernandez, Alexia (2016-12-10). "Kirk Douglas Celebrates 100 with a Star-Studded Birthday Party (and a Little Vodka)". Yahoo! News. Retrieved 2016-12-15.
  58. ^ Pedersen, Erik (2015-05-04). "'Wedding Singer' Rapping Granny Dead; Ellen Albertini Dow Was 101". Deadline.com. Retrieved 2015-06-18.
  59. ^ "Claire Du Brey - Biography, Movie Highlights and Photos". AllMovie. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  60. ^ "Paulette Dubost nous a quitté (1910–2011)" (in French). Lea Amis de Marcel Carné. 2011-09-23. Archived from the original on 2012-03-20. Retrieved 2011-09-24.
  61. ^ Elsner, Erwin (2013-12-27). "Operettensängerin Marta Eggerth gestorben" (in German). ORF. Retrieved 2013-12-31.
  62. ^ "Mary Ellis, London star of stage and screen, dies at 105". The New York Times. 2003-02-01. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  63. ^ Merli, Melissa (2016-03-13). "Ask 'Mimi'". The News-Gazette. Retrieved 2016-03-30.
  64. ^ "Carl Esmond dead – debonair actor was frequently cast as Nazis or cads". The Independent. 2004-12-14. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  65. ^ "Irving Fein, who managed Burns, Benny, dies at 101". CBS News. 2012-08-14. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
  66. ^ "Gwen Ffrangcon-Davies, 101, an actress". The New York Times. 1992-01-28. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  67. ^ Bernstein, Adam (June 12, 2011). "Gunnar Fischer, Bergman's cinematographer, dies at 100". Washington Post. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
  68. ^ "Lutti nello spettacolo: Si sono spente Rina Franchetti e Laura D'Angelo" (in Italian). Agenzia Fuoritutto. 2010-08-19. Retrieved 2010-10-19.
  69. ^ Rachel Cooke (2017-06-18). "The Mighty Franks: A Memoir by Michael Frank – travails with a Hollywood aunt". The Guardian. Retrieved 2017-08-15.
  70. ^ "Happy 100th Arthur Gardner!". Archive of American Television. 2010-06-07. Retrieved 2010-06-08.
  71. ^ "Hal Geer Obituary". dignitymemorial.com. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
  72. ^ Lentz, Harris M. III (2013-04-24). Obituaries in the Performing Arts, 2012. McFarland & Company. p. 109. ISBN 0786470631. Retrieved 2013-11-16.
  73. ^ "Der große proletarische Held der DDR ist tot". Die Welt. 2008-03-12. Retrieved 2008-03-12. (German)
  74. ^ Steven D. Branting (2014). Hidden History of Lewiston, Idaho. The History Press. pp. 45–46. ISBN 978-1-62619-354-3.
  75. ^ "Marie Glory" (in French). CinéArtistes.com. 2009-01-24. Retrieved 2009-01-28.
  76. ^ "Morre Dercy Gonçalves aos 101 anos". Obituário (in Portuguese). G1. 2008-07-19. Archived from the original on 2008-07-22. Retrieved 2008-07-19.
  77. ^ "Coleridge Goode obituary". The Gaurdian. John Stevenson. Retrieved 2019-08-20.
  78. ^ "Karl Otto Götz". Oxford Art Online. Grove Art Online. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  79. ^ "Liane Haid; Early film star in Austria, Germany". Los Angeles Times. 2000-12-07. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  80. ^ Stenerud, David (2010-12-31). "Vil se Steinjo bli pappa før han dør" (in Norwegian). Seher.no. Retrieved 2011-04-10.
  81. ^ "Obituary: Kathleen Harrison". The Independent. 1995-12-08. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  82. ^ "Johannes Heesters (108) overleden" (in Dutch). NU.nl. 2011-12-24. Retrieved 2011-12-24.
  83. ^ "Comedian Bob Hope dies". BBC News. 2003-07-28. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  84. ^ "Mieczyslaw Horszowski Is Dead; Pianist, 100, Mastered the Greats". New York Times. 1993-05-24. Retrieved 2019-08-20.
  85. ^ "Who is Shep Houghton?". Omnilexica.com. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
  86. ^ "Shep Houghton (1914-2016)". Dial M For Movies. 2017-05-11. Retrieved 2017-06-11.
  87. ^ Bernstein, Adam (2010-06-03). "Yvonne Stevens, 1920s silent-film comedic and dramatic actress, dies at age 104". WashingtonPost.com. Retrieved 2010-06-21.
  88. ^ Hunt, Marsha; Communist, on being called a. "Actress Marsha Hunt, 100, Has Matters Of Principle". NPR.org. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  89. ^ "Kyakuhonka, eiga kantoku no Inuzuka Minoru-san shikyo". Asahi Shimbun. 2012-09-25. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
  90. ^ "Vilma Jamnická" (in Slovak). Osobnosti.sk. 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  91. ^ "Elhunyt Jászai Joli néni" (in Hungarian). FigyelőNet. 2008-09-20. Retrieved 2009-10-22.
  92. ^ Shuler, Deardra (2014-12-02). "A Pioneer in the Theater Celebrates her 100th Birthday". Black Star News. Retrieved 2014-12-04.
  93. ^ "Herb Jeffries - obituary". Telegraph.co.uk. 13 July 2014. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  94. ^ "Умерла старейшая актриса театра Маяковского Татьяна Карпова". 27 February 2018.
  95. ^ "Summer theater producer John Kenley dies at 103". Newsday. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  96. ^ Weber, Bruce (2011-10-19). "Barbara Kent, Star of Silent Movies, Dies at 103". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
  97. ^ Reyes, Mario G. (2014-05-27). "OCHAZUKE: Celebrating a Century!". Rafu Shimpo. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
  98. ^ "Hans F. Koenekamp; Retired Cinematographer". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. 1992-09-15. Retrieved 2013-06-22.
  99. ^ "Happy 100th Birthday". Santa Monica Mirror. 2009-05-13. Archived from the original on 2012-02-18. Retrieved 2009-05-14.
  100. ^ Tarpinian, John King (2009-10-23). "Carla Laemmle Celebrates 100". File 770. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
  101. ^ "Dödsannonser i SvD" – via www.svd.se.
  102. ^ "Character actor Charles Lane dies". The Washington Post. 2007-07-10. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  103. ^ Weber, Bruce (2009-05-16). "Sid Laverents, Auteur of Homemade Films, Dies at 100". The New York Times. Arts. Retrieved 2009-05-21.
  104. ^ Mirande, Jean-Noël (2014-08-03). "Yvette Lebon, la doyenne des actrices françaises, est morte". Le Point (in French). Groupe Artémis. Retrieved 2014-11-06.
  105. ^ "Francis Lederer dies at 100: Actor known for suave roles". The New York Times. 2000-05-27. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  106. ^ Nelson, Valerie J. (2010-02-09). "Aleen Leslie dies at 101". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-02-10.
  107. ^ "电影泰斗陈鲤庭在上海逝世 享年103岁-新华网". News.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2017-05-01.
  108. ^ Whitty, Stephen (2014-11-08). "Norman Lloyd: Happy Birthday to a brilliant, NJ centenarian". NJ.com. Retrieved 2014-11-17.
  109. ^ "Elena Lucena festejó sus 100 años y Mirtha Legrand le regaló un perfume" (in Spanish). Buenos Aires, Argentina: Diario Veloz. 2014-09-26. Retrieved 2015-09-01.
  110. ^ "HAPPY BIRTHDAY! Disney Animator Don Lusk Turns 100 Today!". Cartoon Brew. 2013-10-28. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  111. ^ Zaar, Christina (2011-08-04). "Ingrid Luterkort är död" (in Swedish). DN.se. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  112. ^ Bauknecht, Sara (2009-09-23). "Obituary: Lincoln Maazel – Performer and father of symphony conductor". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Block Communications. Retrieved 2014-08-21.
  113. ^ Montag, Von Andreas (2011-01-30). "Jubilar hält Hof im Marstall". Mitteldeutsche Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 2011-01-30.
  114. ^ Salino, Brigitte (2014-10-03). "Najstarszy polski aktor skończył 100 lat!" (in Polish). wPolityce.pl. Retrieved 2017-02-23.
  115. ^ Oliver, Myrna (2002-02-02). "Martin Magner, 101; Versatile Theater, TV Director for 70 Years". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-09-30.
  116. ^ "Tommie Manderson". The Times.
  117. ^ "Sad passing of our member Margery Mason at 100". News. Equity. February 2014. Retrieved 2014-02-12.
  118. ^ Koseluk, Chris (2016-09-06). "Leslie H. Martinson, Prolific TV Director and 'Batman' Helmer, Dies at 101". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2016-09-07.
  119. ^ Velasco, Concha (2011-07-11). "Cine de barrio" (in Spanish). RTVE. Retrieved 2012-10-29.
  120. ^ Weber, Bruce (2008-07-19). "Sherman L. Maxwell, 100, Sportscaster and Writer, Dies". The New York Times. Sports. Retrieved 2008-10-21.
  121. ^ Barnes, Mike (April 23, 2019). "Fay McKenzie, Gene Autry's Co-Star in 5 Movie Westerns, Dies at 101". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 23, 2019.
  122. ^ "È morta Mariuccia Medici Le foto di una lunga carriera". Ticinonline. 2012-02-23. Retrieved 2012-03-21.
  123. ^ Benjamin Melniker, Prolific 'Batman' Producer and MGM Exec, Dies at 104, hollywoodreporter.com; accessed February 27, 2018.
  124. ^ Anthony Slide. "Some Joe You Don't Know: An American Biographical Guide to 100 British ..." books.google.com. p. 179. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
  125. ^ "Madeleine Milhaud: Actress wife of the composer". The Independent. January 31, 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  126. ^ Ellis, Tim (2015-02-20). "From Dante to Dane". Tim Ellis. Retrieved 2015-06-18.
  127. ^ Poorvaja, S. "Director Antony Mitra Das dead". thehindu.com. Archived from the original on 22 February 2017. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
  128. ^ "Igor Moiseyev, 101, choreographer, dies". The New York Times. 2007-11-03. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  129. ^ "Spanish-born filmmaker Miguel Morayta dies in Mexico at 105". 2009-10-30. Retrieved 2013-06-21.
  130. ^ Drake, Sylvie (2015-03-19). "Patricia Morison: Beautiful, Incandescent, Wunderbar". Cultural Weekly. Retrieved 2015-03-20.
  131. ^ "Meg Mundy". The New York Times. 2016-01-20. Retrieved 2016-01-22.
  132. ^ "America's first supermodel". BBC News. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  133. ^ Haukass, Per (2009-05-22). "Randi Lindtner Næss er død". Puls (in Norwegian). ba.no. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
  134. ^ "Myron Natwick, 100; Animated Betty Boop". The New York Times. 1990-10-10. Retrieved 2011-09-21.
  135. ^ "Ivan Novikoff, premier ballet master, dies at 102". The Seattle Times. 2002-03-28. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  136. ^ Lentz, Harris M. III (2013-04-24). Obituaries in the Performing Arts, 2012. McFarland & Company. p. 215. ISBN 0786470631. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
  137. ^ "Kevin O'Morrison, Actor in 'The Set-Up' and 'Sleepless in Seattle', Dies at 100". The Hollywood Reporter.
  138. ^ Dunning, Jennifer (2010-06-01). "Kazuo Ohno, a Founder of Japanese Butoh, Dies at 103". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. Retrieved 2010-06-02.
  139. ^ Hatton, Barry (2015-04-02). "Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal director, dead at 106". utsandiego.com. Retrieved 2015-04-07.
  140. ^ "Nelly Omar dies at 102". Buenos Aires Herald. 2013-12-20. Retrieved 2012-12-24.
  141. ^ "Risto Orko". Variety. 2001-10-15. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  142. ^ "A Family Tradition". Contra Costa Sun. 1997-02-12. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
  143. ^ "Edna's sidekick Emily Perry dies". BBC News. 2008-02-20. Retrieved 2008-02-20.
  144. ^ "This former Hollywood movie star living in Cambria just celebrated his 100th birthday".
  145. ^ "Actress Fern Persons dies at 101". Variety. 2012-07-25. Retrieved 2012-07-29.
  146. ^ Vasile, Turi (2008-06-25). "I cento anni di Tullio Pinelli" (in Italian). Agenzia Radicale. Archived from the original on 2011-07-07. Retrieved 2008-06-25.
  147. ^ Hunt, Mary Ellen (2014-03-31). "Dancer Marc Platt, 100, dies". San Francisco Chronicle. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved 2014-03-31.
  148. ^ Bowman, John (2014-03-13). "Actor Olaf Pooley celebrates his 100th birthday". Doctor Who News Page. Retrieved 2014-03-13.
  149. ^ "Willis Pyle, Famed Animator on 'Pinocchio' and 'Mr. Magoo', Dies at 101". The Hollywood Reporter.
  150. ^ "Milton Quon at 100 with Ed Ruscha". squarespace.com. 2013-08-30. Archived from the original on 2016-11-01. Retrieved 2016-11-01.
  151. ^ "Forgotten German film diva Luise Rainer turns 100". The Local. 2010-01-12. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  152. ^ "Director of Bette Davis, Irving Rapper, dead at 101". Chicago Tribune. 1999-12-29. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  153. ^ "Hollywood Whiteness and Stereotypes". filmreference.com. Retrieved 2010-08-11.
  154. ^ "'King Kong' Special Effects Wizard Harry Redmond Jr. Dies at 101". The Hollywood Reporter. 2011-01-06. Retrieved 2017-05-01.
  155. ^ "A cowgirl's final ride". St. Petersburg Times. 2003-09-07. Archived from the original on 2015-03-24. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  156. ^ "Toneelspeelster Georgette Rejewski overleden|Prive". Telegraaf.nl. Retrieved 2017-02-22.
  157. ^ Frank, Gary E. (2011-09-27). "Helen 'Happy' Reichert, CU's oldest alumna, dies at age 109". Cornell Chronicle. Cornell University. Retrieved 2015-06-25.
  158. ^ Dagan, Carmel (2014-01-06). "Ted Richmond, Producer of 'Papillon', Dies at 103". Variety. PMC. Retrieved 2013-01-11.
  159. ^ "Leni Riefenstahl, Hitler's favourite film propagandist, dies at 101". The Guardian. 2003-09-10. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  160. ^ Næss, Trine (2003). "Gerda Ring Christensen". In Helle, Knut (ed.). Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
  161. ^ "Film pioneer Hal Roach, comedy king, dies at 100". Los Angeles Times. 1992-11-03. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  162. ^ Narod.hr (10 October 2015). "10. listopada 1887. rođen Zvonimir Rogoz – legendarni glumac koji je završio karijeru u stotoj godini". Narod.hr. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  163. ^ Stoliar, Steve (2015-04-06). "Jack Rollins, Woody Allen's Legendary Manager-Producer, Celebrates 100th Birthday". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 2015-04-07.
  164. ^ "Jean Butler obituary". Legacy.com. Retrieved 2017-05-01.
  165. ^ "3rd oldest person in Calif dies at 111". The Sacramento Bee. The McClatchy Company. 2012-01-06. Archived from the original on 2012-01-09. Retrieved 2012-01-06.
  166. ^ "Bewitched creator dies at 100". ABC News. 2011-04-20. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
  167. ^ "Connie Sawyer, 100, World's Oldest Working Actress". Growing Bolder: 6. May 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-04.
  168. ^ Larkin, Colin LarkinColin (7 January 2019). Larkin, Colin (ed.). Encyclopedia of Popular Music. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acref/9780195313734.001.0001/acref-9780195313734-e-51501. Retrieved 7 January 2019 – via www.oxfordreference.com.
  169. ^ "Ältester Burgschauspieler Hannes Schiel tot" (in German). wien.org.at. 6 December 2017. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
  170. ^ "Robert C. Schnitzer, Arts Center Activist, Dies at 101". WestportNow. 2008-01-02. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  171. ^ "Many happy returns to Ida Schuster who celebrates her 100th birthday today! Here she is at our 70th celebrations delivering a spirited extract of Jean Genet's The Balcony which she performed in 1982". Twitter. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
  172. ^ "PASSING: Miriam Seegar Whelan". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. 2011-01-05. Retrieved 2011-01-06.
  173. ^ "Grand old lady of Indian cinema turns 100 today". The Hindu. 2012-04-27. Retrieved 2012-04-27.
  174. ^ "Broadway-Star Tonio Selwart tot". Der Standard. November 3, 2002. Retrieved May 8, 2014.
  175. ^ КРЫЛОВА, МАЙЯ (2008-06-13). Царица бала. RBK daily (in Russian). Retrieved 2008-06-13.
  176. ^ "India's oldest cinematographer Ramananda Sengupta passes away". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  177. ^ "Athene Seyler, 101, British comic actress". The New York Times. 1990-09-14. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  178. ^ Helen Shaw on IMDb
  179. ^ Anderson, Jack (2010-03-20). "Jane Sherman, Dancer and Writer, Dies at 101". The New York Times. p. B8. Retrieved 2010-03-20.
  180. ^ 布布 (2012-04-23). 日本最年长导演新藤兼人迎百岁生日(图) (in Chinese). 来源: 新浪娱乐. Retrieved 2012-04-27.
  181. ^ Cojean, Annick (2012-08-31). "Catherine Deneuve: "Je n'ai aucune envie de jouer une grand-mère modèle"" (in French). LeMonde.fr. Retrieved 2014-11-03.
  182. ^ "Raiders of the Lost Ark cinematographer Douglas Slocombe dies aged 103". The Guardian. 2016-02-22. Retrieved 2016-02-22.
  183. ^ "Radiopionierin mit 109 Jahren gestorben – Telebasel". 6 December 2016.
  184. ^ "Latest News". Army Film and Photographic Unit. June 2011. Archived from the original on 2012-10-25. Retrieved 2011-06-05.
  185. ^ "Dorothy Stickney dies at 101; acted in many Broadway hits". The New York Times. 1998-06-03. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  186. ^ McLellan, Dennis (2010-09-27). "Gloria Stuart, 'Titanic' actress, dies at 100". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
  187. ^ "Alan Surgal, Writer of 'Mickey One', Dies at 100". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
  188. ^ "Cinematographer Wolfgang Suschitzky This Week Celebrates His 100th Birthday. Web of Stories Presents a Video Archive of the BAFTA Winning Photographer" (Press release). PR.com. 2012-08-30. Retrieved 2012-09-07.
  189. ^ "Grande dame of stage and screen Danuta Szaflarska turns 100". Polish Radio External Service. 2015-02-06. Retrieved 2015-02-07.
  190. ^ 「太陽の季節」監督の古川卓己さんが死去
  191. ^ "The new Chinese war film Father of the film director Tang Xiaodan death". 9abc.net. 2012-01-25. Archived from the original on 2012-01-30. Retrieved 2012-02-20.
  192. ^ "'A fairy, elfish thing' - Ellaline Terriss - Features - The Stage". archive.fo. 5 May 2013. Archived from the original on 5 May 2013.
  193. ^ "Nini Theilade profile". Dansk kvindebiografisk leksikon (in Danish). Retrieved February 28, 2014.
  194. ^ "Find A Grave: Frank M. Thomas". Findagrave.com. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  195. ^ "11 inducted in Disney Legends ceremony at D23 Expo 2017". 14 July 2017.
  196. ^ "Roman Totenberg's Remarkable Life And Death". NPR. Retrieved 2019-08-20.
  197. ^ Guerin, Harry (2011-07-27). "From New Moon to East LA, Harry Guerin talks to the director of the new drama A Better Life". Raidió Teilifís Éireann. Retrieved 2011-07-29.
  198. ^ Schudel, Matt (2019-07-27). "Dorothy Toy, dazzling dancer known as the 'Asian Ginger Rogers,' dies at 102". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2019-08-09.
  199. ^ "Last Ziegfeld Follies Star Doris Eaton Travis Dies at 106". BroadwayWorld.com. 2010-05-11. Retrieved 2010-05-14.
  200. ^ "Roger Tréville". BFI. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  201. ^ Ellenberger, Allan R. (2001). Celebrities in Los Angeles cemeteries: a directory. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland. p. 154. ISBN 9780786409839.
  202. ^ "Dame Ninette de Valois OM". The Telegraph. 2001-03-09. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  203. ^ Richter, Jan (2011-03-01). "The man who was willing to pay the price: film director Otakar Vávra turns 100". Radio Prague. Retrieved 2011-03-02.
  204. ^ Levine, Debra (2010-09-02). "Pauline Wagner, 100, remembers James Cagney". Film. artsmeme.com. Retrieved 2014-03-13.
  205. ^ "Bea Wain, 'girl singer' from big-band era who jammed with Pavarotti, dies at 100". The Washington Post. 2017-08-21. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  206. ^ Duck, Siobhan (May 3, 2016). "'Prisoner' star Mary Ward Breheny still going strong at 101". Herald Sun. Retrieved January 31, 2017.
  207. ^ "Senor Wences, ventriloquist who was a TV regular, 103". The New York Times. 1999-04-21. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  208. ^ Bergdahl, Gunnar (2008-05-15). "Gösta Werner 100 år!" (in Swedish). hd.se. Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2008-09-19.
  209. ^ "Improv Class with Frances Wessells on her 100th!". University of Richmond. 2019-08-18. Retrieved 2019-08-20.
  210. ^ Hunter, Paul (August 27, 2018). "'They treated him like he was a hockey star': Actor and Hockey Night in Canada fixture Murray Westgate dies at age 100". Toronto Star. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  211. ^ Schlichting, Bill (2013-05-03). "Elmo turns 100". Curry Coastal Pilot. Western Communications. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  212. ^ "Twin Cities saxophone legend Irv Williams turns 100". Minnesota Public Radio. 2019-08-14. Retrieved 2019-08-20.
  213. ^ "Estelle Winwood, an actress whose career began in 1888". The New York Times. 1984-06-22. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
  214. ^ "Actress Norrie Woodhall 104 takes on key role to save Thomas Hardy papers". The Times. London, UK. 2010-03-13.
  215. ^ "Katja Wulff biography". Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz (HLS). Retrieved August 14, 2019.
  216. ^ 电影《英雄虎胆》、《野火春风斗古城》导演严寄洲逝世 (in Chinese)
  217. ^ James Perkins, Barbara Parker (2007). 100 Years of Dorothy Young (Short feature). Veras Films.
  218. ^ Ъ-ЧЕРЕМНЫХ, ЕЛЕНА (2000-01-21). Умерла Изабелла Юрьева. Kommersant (in Russian). p. 7. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
  219. ^ "Miguel Zacarías, ícono de la cinematografía nacional - Proceso". Proceso.com.mx. 21 April 2006. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  220. ^ Рыцарь образа: 100 лет Владимиру Зельдину (in Russian). TASS. 2015-02-10. Retrieved 2015-02-15.
  221. ^ "Adolph Zukor is dead at 103; built Paramount movie empire". The New York Times. 1976-06-11. Retrieved 2014-02-20.